Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 697
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 56-60, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012771

ABSTRACT

Objective Nowadays, radioactive xenon isotopes, including 131mXe, 133mXe, 133Xe, and 135Xe, are primarily released into the atmosphere through various reactor operation and major accidents of reactors. To improve the online monitoring capability of xenon in nuclear facilities and their gaseous effluents, a highly sensitive online xenon monitoring system was developed to monitor, warn, and alarm the activity concentration of radioactive xenon. Methods The online monitoring system for radioactive xenon gas in nuclear facilities was established using xenon membrane separation and concentration, xenon high-efficiency selective adsorption, and low-background gamma-ray spectrometry analysis methods. Results Under the operation mode of one-hour sampling and one-hour measuring, the minimum detectable activity concentration of the radioactive xenon online monitoring system for 133Xe was approximately (1.43 ± 0.03) Bq/m3. Conclusion This system can be effectively used for online monitoring of xenon activity concentration in nuclear facilities such as nuclear power plants and isotope production reactors, as well as in gaseous effluents. It helps improve the safety level of personnel, the environment, and nuclear facilities.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1109-1117, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013232

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the etiology, complications, and prognostic factors of stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD5) in children. Methods: A case series study was conducted to retrospectively analyze the general situation, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, genetic testing, and follow-up data (until October 2022) of 174 children with CKD5 who were diagnosed and hospitalized at the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from April 2012 to April 2021. The characteristics of complications in the children were compared based on age, gender, and etiology. Based on the presence or absence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), patients were divided into LVH group and non LVH group for analyzing the influencing factors of cardiovascular disease. Patients were also divided into death group and survival group, peritoneal dialysis group and hemodialysis group based on the follow-up data for analyzing the prognostic factors. The chi-square test, independent sample t-test, Fisher exact probability test, Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis test were used to analyze data among different groups. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the prognostic factors. Results: A total of 174 children with CKD5 were enrolled in the study (96 boys and 78 girls), aged 11.2 (8.2, 13.0) years. Congenital kidney and urinary tract malformations (CAKUT) were the most common causes of the CKD5 (84 cases, 48.3%), followed by glomerular diseases (83 cases, 47.7%), and among which 28 cases (16.1%) were hereditary glomerular diseases. The common complications of CKD5 included anemia (98.2%, 165/168), mineral and bone disorder in chronic kidney disease (CKD-MBD) (97.7%, 170/174), lipid metabolism disorders (87.5%, 63/72), hypertension (81.4%, 127/156) and LVH (57.6%,57/99). The incidences of hypertension in primary glomerular disease were higher than that in CAKUT(93.8%(30/32) vs.73.7%(56/76),χ2=5.59,P<0.05). The incidences of hypertension in secondary glomerular disease were higher than that in CAKUT and that in hereditary kidney disease (100.0%(20/20) vs. 73.7%(56/76), 68.2%(15/22), both P<0.05). The incidence of hypocalcemia in CAKUT, primary glomerular disease, and hereditary kidney disease was higher than that in secondary glomerular disease (82.1%(69/84), 88.2%(30/34), 89.3%(25/28) vs. 47.6%(10/21), χ2=10.21, 10.75, 10.80, all P=0.001); the incidence of secondary hyperparathyroidism in women was higher than that in men (80.0%(64/80) vs. 95.0%(57/60), χ2=6.58, P=0.010). The incidence of LVH in children aged 6-<12 was higher than that in children aged 12-18 (73.5%(25/34) vs. 43.1%(22/51), χ2=7.62, P=0.006). Among 113 follow-up children, the mortality rate was 39.8% (45/113). Compared to the survival group, the children in the death group had lower hemoglobin, higher blood pressure, lower albumin, lower alkaline phosphatase and higher left ventricular mass index ((67±19) vs. (75±20) g/L, 142 (126, 154) vs. 128(113, 145) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), (91±21) vs. (82±22) mmHg, 32 (26, 41) vs. 40 (31, 43) g/L, 151 (82, 214) vs. 215 (129, 37) U/L, 48 (38, 66) vs. 38(32, 50) g/m2.7,t=2.03, Z=2.89, t=2.70, Z=2.49, 2.79, 2.29,all P<0.05), but no independent risk factors were identified (all P>0.05). The peritoneal dialysis group had better alleviation for anemia, low calcium, and high phosphorus than the hemodialysis group ((87±22) vs. (72±16) g/L, (1.9±0.5) vs. (1.7±0.4) mmol/L, (2.2±0.7) vs. (2.8±0.9) mmol/L, t=2.92, 2.29, 2.82, all P<0.05), and the survival rate of the peritoneal dialysis group was significantly higher than that of the hemodialysis group (77.8% (28/36) vs. 48.4% (30/62), χ2=8.14, P=0.004). Conclusions: CAKUT is the most common etiology in children with CKD 5, and anemia is the most common complication. The incidence of complications in children with CKD 5 varies with age, gender and etiology. Anemia, hypertension, hypoalbuminemia, reduced alkaline phosphatase and elevated LVMI may be the prognostic factors in children with CKD5. Peritoneal dialysis may be more beneficial for improving the long-term survival rate.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child , Female , Retrospective Studies , Alkaline Phosphatase , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Hypertension , Risk Factors , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology , Anemia/etiology
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 785-790, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012308

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicpathological characteristics of ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) of the gastrointestinal tract, and to discuss its diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Methods: Five cases of gastrointestinal ALK-positive ALCL diagnosed and treated in Xijing Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University, between 2011 and 2019 were collected. There were three male and two female patients, aged 5-42 years (mean 25 years). These patients clinically presented with fever and night sweats, weight loss, abdominal pain, abdominal mass, ulcers, bleeding, or intestinal obstruction, and underwent surgical resection of the tumors or endoscopic biopsy. The clinical manifestations, auxiliary examinations, histopathological characteristics, immunophenotypes and genetic alterations were analyzed. Results: In this cohort, one case was common type, two cases were monomorphic variant of common type, and two cases were small cell variant. The tumor cells in all cases expressed ALK, CD30, and one or more T lymphocyte markers, while all the markers of B lymphocyte and plasmacyte were negative. Clonality analysis showed that two cases had clonal T cell receptor (TCR) and immunoglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangement, one case had no clonal TCR but Ig gene rearrangement, and one case had no clonal TCR and Ig gene rearrangements. During the 4 to 67 months' follow-up, two patients died of the disease, two were alive with free of disease and one had a relapse. Conclusions: ALK-positive ALCL of the gastrointestinal tract is extremely rare, and has poor prognosis. Lymphoma originating from this site with CD30 and ALK-positive phenotypes may be considered to be ALCL; however differentiation from other tumors that had anaplastic features, expressed CD30 and or ALK, in particular, ALK positive large B-cell lymphoma is necessary.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic/pathology , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Gastrointestinal Tract/pathology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics
4.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 532-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005289

ABSTRACT

BackgroundQuality of life, as a major criterion for judging the clinical outcome of ovarian cancer patients, can be affected by adverse psychological symptoms of patients. Meanwhile, fear of disease progression, as a frequent psychological symptom among cancer survivors, is significantly influenced by metacognition, while there is a paucity of research into the specific correlation among the three in patients with ovarian cancer. ObjectiveTo explore the correlation among fear of disease progression, metacognition and quality of life in patients with ovarian cancer, and to test the role of fear of disease progression in the relationship between metacognition and quality of life, so as to provide references for improving the quality of life in patients with ovarian cancer. MethodsA total of 135 patients with ovarian cancer hospitalized in Cangzhou People's Hospital of Hebei Province from January 2019 to December 2022 were selected. All subjects were requested to complete the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Ovarian Cancer (FACT-O), Fear of Progression Questionnaire-Short Form (FoP-Q-SF) and Metacognition Questionnaire (MCQ) to assess their quality of life, fear of disease progression and metacognitive level. Pearson correlation analysis was adopted to examine the correlation among the above scales. Process v3.5 macro program was utilized to determine the mediating effect of fear of disease progression on the relationship between metacognition and quality of life, and nonparametric Bootstrap with bias-correction was used to test the mediating effect. ResultsA total of 122 patients (90.37%) with ovarian cancer completed the effective questionnaire survey. Patients scored (90.52±17.13) on FACT-O, (68.52±16.31) on MCQ, and (37.72±8.91) on FoP-Q-SF. Pearson correlation analysis denoted that FoP-Q-SF score was negatively correlated with FACT-O score (r=-0.412, P<0.05) and positively correlated with MCQ score (r=0.241, P<0.05), and MCQ score was negatively correlated with FACT-O score (r=-0.453, P<0.05). Analysis demonstrated that the total effect of metacognition on quality of life was -0.298 (95% CI: -0.402~-0.186). The direct effect of metacognition on quality of life was -0.219 (95% CI: -0.504~-0.277), accounting for 73.49% of the total effect, and the indirect effect of metacognition on quality of life via fear of disease progression was -0.079 (95% CI: -0.162~-0.037), accounting for 26.51% of the total effect. ConclusionQuality of life is reduced in patients with ovarian cancer, and fear of disease progression plays a partial mediating role in the relationship between metacognition and quality of life.

5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 432-436, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture for glaucoma-induced optic atrophy.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients (89 affected eyes) with glaucoma-induced optic atrophy were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 35 cases in each group. The control group was given basic western medicine treatment. In the observation group, on the basis of the treatment in the control group, acupuncture was applied at main acupoints i.e. Baihui (GV 20), Shangjingming (Extra), Chengqi (ST 1), Fengchi (GB 20), Zusanli (ST 36), combined with supplementary acupoints based on syndrome differentiation, once every three days, twice a week. The treatment for 3 months was required in both groups. Before treatment, after treatment and in follow-up of 6 months after treatment, the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), indexes of visual field (visual field index [VFI], mean deviation [MD], pattern standard deviation [PSD]) and mean thickness of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, BCVA was decreased after treatment and in follow-up in the control group (P<0.05); in the follow-up, BCVA in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). On each time point before and after treatment, there was no significant difference within or between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment and in the follow-up, the mean thickness of RNFL was larger than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the basic western medicine treatment, acupuncture can delay the decline of vision and the thinning of retinal nerve fiber layer in patients with glaucoma-induced optic atrophy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retinal Ganglion Cells , Glaucoma/therapy , Optic Atrophy/therapy , Intraocular Pressure , Acupuncture Therapy
6.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 270-275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978428

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the retention of 241Am in the whole-body bone of worker by measuring the retention of 241Am in the skull. Methods A whole-body counter with high-purity germanium detector was used to measure the 59.5 keV full-energy peak count of 241Am in the skull. The efficiency of the measurement was calibrated by the digital skull phantom combined with the geometric model of the detector. The retention of 241Am in the worker’s skull was calculated. Results The proportion of skull dry weight relative to the whole-body bone dry weight was used as the coefficient to calculate the 241Am deposition in the whole-body bone from the measured activity of skull 241Am. Conclusion With the retention of 241Am in the skull and the proportion of skull dry weight, the retention of 241Am in the whole-body bone of the worker was calculated to be about 806 Bq.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 504-509, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975132

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of self-efficacy-based intelligent walking training on function of lower extremities of stroke patients. MethodsFrom December, 2021 to December, 2022, 44 stroke inpatients from Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 22) and experimental group (n = 22). Both groups accepted routine rehabilitation, while the control group accepted routine gait training, and the experimental group accepted self-efficacy-based intelligent walking training on the gait training system (Walker View), for six weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities, 10-Meter Walk Test, Timed 'Up and Go' Test, stride length and average walking velocity, Functional Ambulation Category and General Self-Efficacy Scale before and after treatment. ResultsThree cases dropped down in the experimental group. All the indexes improved in two groups after treatment (|t| > 5.808, |Z| > 2.961, P < 0.01), and improved more in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.049, Z = -2.572, P < 0.05). ConclusionThe self-efficacy-based intelligent walking training can promote the recovery of motor function of lower extremities and walking ability in stroke patients.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 763-767, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972398

ABSTRACT

As a secreted glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 50kDa, pigment epithelial-derived factor(PEDF)was originally found to be secreted by pigment epithelial cells; afterwards, it was found to be widely distributed in various organs and tissues throughout the body and played multiple biological roles. In recent years, a large number of studies have confirmed that PEDF can initiate a wide range of cellular responses in eye tissues by binding with a variety of receptors, which has the functions of regulating angiogenesis, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant stress and neurotrophic. Recent studies have found that the application of exogenous PEDF has a preferable therapeutic effect on the repair of dry eye and corneal injury. In addition, the PEDF gene encoding therapy has shown promising in the treatment of age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. This review mainly summarizes the potential therapeutic effects and limitations of pigment epithelium-derived factors in dry eye, corneal injury, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and other diseases in recent years, which provides help for further research on the diagnosis and treatment of ocular diseases with PEDF.

9.
Journal of Movement Disorders ; : 168-179, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001385

ABSTRACT

Objective@#aaWilson’s disease (WD) is a rare genetic disorder of copper metabolism, and longitudinal follow-up studies are limited. We performed a retrospective analysis to determine the clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes in a large WD cohort. @*Methods@#aaMedical records of WD patients diagnosed from 2006–2021 at National Taiwan University Hospital were retrospectively evaluated for clinical presentations, neuroimages, genetic information, and follow-up outcomes. @*Results@#aaThe present study enrolled 123 WD patients (mean follow-up: 11.12 ± 7.41 years), including 74 patients (60.2%) with hepatic features and 49 patients (39.8%) with predominantly neuropsychiatric symptoms. Compared to the hepatic group, the neuropsychiatric group exhibited more Kayser-Fleischer rings (77.6% vs. 41.9%, p < 0.01), lower serum ceruloplasmin levels (4.9 ± 3.9 vs. 6.3 ± 3.9 mg/dL, p < 0.01), smaller total brain and subcortical gray matter volumes (p < 0.0001), and worse functional outcomes during follow-up (p = 0.0003). Among patients with available DNA samples (n = 59), the most common mutations were p.R778L (allelic frequency of 22.03%) followed by p.P992L (11.86%) and p.T935M (9.32%). Patients with at least one allele of p.R778L had a younger onset age (p = 0.04), lower ceruloplasmin levels (p < 0.01), lower serum copper levels (p = 0.03), higher percentage of the hepatic form (p = 0.03), and a better functional outcome during follow-up (p = 0.0012) compared to patients with other genetic variations. @*Conclusion@#aaThe distinct clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of patients in our cohort support the ethnic differences regarding the mutational spectrum and clinical presentations in WD.

10.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 23-29, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999545

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between nutrition, physical activity, fatigue, and quality of life (QoL) among childhood cancer survivors. The specific purpose was to examine whether nutrition mediated and physical activity moderated the relationship between fatigue and QoL in this population. @*Methods@#A pooled sample of 120 childhood cancer survivors was recruited at pediatric oncology wards and ambulatory settings between August 2020 and May 2021. We collected data on participants’ demographic characteristics, fatigue, nutritional status, physical activity, and QoL. We then adapted Hayes Process Macro to examine the mediating and moderating effects of nutrition and physical activity on the relationship between fatigue and QoL. @*Results@#In models adjusted for age and sex, (1) the simple mediation analysis identified the mediating effect of nutrition on the relationship between fatigue and QoL; and (2) the mediation and moderation analysis identified that the direct effect of nutrition between fatigue and QoL was significant when adding (a) physical activity and (b) fatigue × physical activity. There were significantly decreasing trends in physical activity at 1 standard deviation below the mean and at the mean, but not at 1 standard deviation above the mean. @*Conclusions@#Our findings demonstrate that nutrition mediated and physical activity moderated the relationship between fatigue and QoL. This highlights an opportunity to enhance QoL among childhood cancer survivors through healthy lifestyle interventions. To ensure that future interventions address children's needs and promote the greatest impact, such interventions should include nutrition and physical activity components that involve nurses, pediatric oncology physicians, nutritionists, and physical therapists.Keyword

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1872-1877, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of one patient with TAFRO syndrome, and to strengthen the understanding of this rare type.@*METHODS@#The clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment process, and prognosis of the patient admitted in Gansu Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Combined with laboratory tests, bone marrow examination, imaging, pathology, etc, the patient was diagnosed with TAFRO syndrome. After three cycles of treatment with pomalidomide (2-3 mg/d, d1-21), cyclophosphamide (300 mg/m2, 0.54 g once a week) and dexamethasone (20 mg/d, two days a week), platelet count, serum creatinine and procalcitonin returned to normal, the systemic edema disappeared, and the patient's condition was alleviated. The therapeutic effect was good.@*CONCLUSION@#TAFRO syndrome is rare, involves multiple systems, progresses rapidly, and has a worse prognosis. The choice of the "Pomalidomide+cyclophosphamide+dexamethasone" regimen is help to improve the survival prognosis of patient with TAFRO syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombocytopenia , Retrospective Studies , Castleman Disease/diagnosis , Dexamethasone , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use
12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1046-1051, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009845

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the risk factors for hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in children with β-thalassemia major (TM) undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data of 247 children with TM who underwent allo-HSCT at Shenzhen Children's Hospital from January 2021 to November 2022. The children were divided into an HC group (91 cases) and a non-HC group (156 cases) based on whether HC occurred after operation. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors for HC, and the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the predictive efficacy of related factors for HC.@*RESULTS@#Among the 247 TM patients who underwent allo-HSCT, the incidence of HC was 36.8% (91/247). Univariate analysis showed age, incompatible blood types between donors and recipients, occurrence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), positive urine BK virus deoxyribonucleic acid (BKV-DNA), and ≥2 viral infections were associated with the development of HC after allo-HSCT (P<0.05). Multivariable analysis revealed that incompatible blood types between donors and recipients (OR=3.171, 95%CI: 1.538-6.539), occurrence of aGVHD (OR=2.581, 95%CI: 1.125-5.918), and positive urine BKV-DNA (OR=21.878, 95%CI: 9.633-49.687) were independent risk factors for HC in children with TM who underwent allo-HSCT. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that positive urine BKV-DNA alone or in combination with two other risk factors (occurrence of aGVHD, incompatible blood types between donors and recipients) had a certain accuracy in predicting the development of HC after allo-HSCT (area under the curve >0.8, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Incompatible blood types between donors and recipients, occurrence of aGVHD, and positive urine BKV-DNA are risk factors for HC after allo-HSCT in children with TM. Regular monitoring of urine BKV-DNA has a positive significance for early diagnosis and treatment of HC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , beta-Thalassemia/therapy , Cystitis/epidemiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Hemorrhage/etiology , Graft vs Host Disease/complications , DNA , Polyomavirus Infections/epidemiology
13.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 373-381, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of primary brain stem injury (PBSI) by using metabonomics method to observe the changes of metabolites in rats with PBSI caused death.@*METHODS@#PBSI, non-brain stem brain injury and decapitation rat models were established, and metabolic maps of brain stem were obtained by LC-MS metabonomics method and annotated to the HMDB database. Partial least square-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and random forest methods were used to screen potential biomarkers associated with PBSI diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#Eighty-six potential metabolic markers associated with PBSI were screened by PLS-DA. They were modeled and predicted by random forest algorithm with an accuracy rate of 83.3%. The 818 metabolic markers annotated to HMDB database were used for random forest modeling and prediction, and the accuracy rate was 88.9%. According to the importance in the identification of cause of death, the most important metabolic markers that were significantly up-regulated in PBSI group were HMDB0038126 (genipinic acid, GA), HMDB0013272 (N-lauroylglycine), HMDB0005199 [(R)-salsolinol] and HMDB0013645 (N,N-dimethylsphingosine).@*CONCLUSIONS@#GA, N-lauroylglycine, (R)-salsolinol and N,N-dimethylsphingosine are expected to be important metabolite indicators in the diagnosis of PBSI caused death, thus providing clues for forensic medicine practice.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Metabolomics/methods , Brain Injuries , Biomarkers/metabolism , Brain Stem/metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 372-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988207

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a rapid prediction system to improve the accuracy and efficiency of evaluation of the consequences of nuclear accidents at a field scale. Methods Base on a diagnostic wind field model and Lagrangian particle diffusion, we established a rapid prediction method for wind field and pollutant dispersion around complex underlying surfaces within a field scale, in a way of visual discrimination of buildings and vegetation distribution. With data simulation and the use of a real urban field example, the simulated results were compared with wind tunnel test measurements and computational fluid dynamics results to study the influence of complex underlying surfaces on wind field and pollutant transport in the region. Results The rapid prediction system could clearly simulate the high-resolution wind field and pollutant concentration distribution of the region in about five minutes. It could interface with geographic information software and couple with a mesoscale weather prediction model. In terms of accuracy, the system performed well in wind field simulation, with the fractional deviations of wind speed and wind direction being 0.33 and −0.08, respectively. Concentration field simulation was greatly affected by the wind field, and the ratios of simulated concentrations to observed concentrations were between 0.05 and 3.4, except for a few low concentration points. Conclusion The rapid prediction system can effectively simulate the distribution characteristics of the flow field and improve calculation efficiency when ensuring calculation accuracy, which provides an important reference for emergency response to nuclear accidents.

15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 52-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971407

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the indications and management of common postoperative complications of phase II tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) for Provox Vega voice prosthesis after total laryngectomy. Methods: The clinical data of 20 patients undergoing phase II TEP for Provox Vega voice prosthesis in our hospital between May 2021 and January 2022 were analyzed. Among them, there were 19 males and 1 female, aged from 37 to 76 years, with an average age of (60.0±8.4)years. The surgical indications and the prevention and treatment of common postoperative complications were summarized. Descriptive analysis was used in this research. Results: The basic surgical indications were as following: after total laryngectomy, there was no stenosis of the stoma and esophagus entrance, no scar constitution, no mouth opening restriction, no stiffness and backward restraint of the neck after radiotherapy, and more than half a year apart surgery or radiotherapy. Among the 20 patients, 18 underwent implantation successfuly, 1 failed in the operation, and for 1 patient, the prosthesis was removed due to bleeding 1 week after implantation. The common postoperative complications included TEP fistula infection (2 cases), the TEP fistula bleeding(1 case), deep neck (prevertebral) abscess (1 case), granulation at the inner side of the TEP fistula (1 case), invagination of the prosthesis (2 cases) and leakage around the prosthesis (2 cases). All patients were cured with different interventions. Conclusions: The Provox Vega voice prosthesis is generally safe for phase Ⅱ implantatione, but implantation indications need to be established. Common postoperative complications can be solved through preventive and remedial interventions.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Larynx, Artificial/adverse effects , Laryngectomy/adverse effects , Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Esophagus/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prosthesis Design
16.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 252-259, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971392

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory injury of the intestine is often accompanied by symptoms such as damage to intestinal mucosa, increased intestinal permeability, and intestinal motility dysfunction. Inflammatory factors spread throughout the body via blood circulation, and can cause multi-organ failure. Pyroptosis is a newly discovered way of programmed cell death, which is mainly characterized by the formation of plasma membrane vesicles, cell swelling until the rupture of the cell membrane, and the release of cell contents, thereby activating a drastic inflammatory response and expanding the inflammatory response cascade. Pyroptosis is widely involved in the occurrence of diseases, and the underlying mechanisms for inflammation are still a hot spot of current research. The caspase-1 mediated canonical inflammasome pathway of pyroptosis and caspase-4/5/8/11-mediated non-canonical inflammasome pathway are closely related to the occurrence and development of intestinal inflammation. Therefore, investigation of the signaling pathways and molecular mechanisms of pyroptosis in intestinal injury in sepsis, inflammatory bowel diseases, infectious enteristic, and intestinal tumor is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of intestinal inflammatory injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pyroptosis , Inflammasomes/metabolism , Apoptosis , Caspase 1 , Inflammation
17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 647-653, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981749

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Bushen Chushi decoction combined with platelet-rich plasma(PRP) to treat knee osteoarthritis(KOA) in early and middle stage and its regulation on TGF-β1 and Smad-1 expression in serum.@*METHODS@#Total of 45 patients with KOA in early and middle stage from May 2020 to April 2022 were treated and divided into control group and observation group. In control group, there were 30 patients including 12 males and 18 females, aged from 43 to 69 years old with an average of(57.3±6.5) years old and disease duration ranged from 1.5 to 5.0 years with an average of(3.8±1.7) years, and there were 8 cases in gradeⅠ, 13 cases in gradeⅡ, and 9 cases in grade Ⅲ according to Kellgren-Lawrence Grade, PRP 5 ml was injected into knee joint on the first day of No1, 3 week together for 2 times. In the observation group, there were 15 cases including 7 males and 8 females, aged from 45 to 70 years old with an average of (56.7±6.2) years old and disease duration ranged from 1.8 to 5.7 years with an average of (4.0±1.8) years, there were 4 cases in gradeⅠ, 9 cases in gradeⅡand 4 cases in grade Ⅲ according to the Kellgren-Lawrence Grade, PRP 5 ml were injected into knee joints that the time and frequency were the same as those in the control group, and at the same time Bushen Chushi decoction orally were taken 1 dose per day with a total of 28 doses. All patients were treated for four weeks. Visual analogue scale(VAS) and Lequesne MG score before and after treatment were used to evaluate improvement of knee pain and joint function. The TGF-β1 and Smad-1 levels in serum were measured before and after treatment in two groups. The incidence of complications in two groups was observed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 26 to 30 days with an average of (28.0±0.6) days. There was no significant difference in VAS and knee Lequesne MG scores between two groups before treatment(P>0.05). The scores of VAS and knee Lequesne MG on the first day after treatment in both groups were lower than those before treatment(P<0.05). The VAS and knee Lequesne MG scores in observation group were lower than those in control group(P<0.05) on the first day after treatment. The TGF-β1 level in serum after treatment were higher significantly than that before treatment in two groups(P<0.05). After treatment, TGF-β1 level in serum in observation group were lower than those in control group with statistically significant differences(P<0.05). The Smad-1 levels in serum after treatment in observation group were higher significantly than that in control group(P<0.05). The levels of Smad-1 were not statistically significant between before and after treatment(P>0.05). There was no significant difference in postopertaive complications between two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The efficacy of Bushen Chushi decoction combined with PRP in treatment of early and middle KOA is better than that of PRP injection alone. The combined treatment could reduce TGF-β1 level and increase Smad-1 level in serum, which may be a mechanism to inhibit inflammation and alleviate cartilage degeneration to some extent.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 390-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970476

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effects of nanoparticles PLGA-NPs and mesoporous silicon nanoparticles(MSNs) of different stiffness before and after combination with menthol or curcumol on the mechanical properties of bEnd.3 cells. The particle size distributions of PLGA-NPs and MSNs were measured by Malvern particle size analyzer, and the stiffness of the two nanoparticles was quantified by atomic force microscopy(AFM). The bEnd.3 cells were cultured in vitro, and the cell surface morphology, roughness, and Young's modulus were examined to characterize the roughness and stiffness of the cell surface. The changes in the mechanical properties of the cells were observed by AFM, and the structure and expression of cytoskeletal F-actin were observed by a laser-scanning confocal microscope. The results showed that both nanoparticles had good dispersion. The particle size of PLGA-NPs was(98.77±2.04) nm, the PDI was(0.140±0.030), and Young's modulus value was(104.717±8.475) MPa. The particle size of MSNs was(97.47±3.92) nm, the PDI was(0.380±0.016), and Young's modulus value was(306.019±8.822) MPa. The stiffness of PLGA-NPs was significantly lower than that of MSNs. After bEnd.3 cells were treated by PLGA-NPs and MSNs separately, the cells showed fine pores on the cell surface, increased roughness, decreased Young's modulus, blurred and broken F-actin bands, and reduced mean gray value. Compared with PLGA-NPs alone, PLGA-NPs combined with menthol or curcumol could allow deepened and densely distributed surface pores of bEnd.3 cells, increase roughness, reduce Young's modulus, aggravate F-actin band breakage, and diminish mean gray value. Compared with MSNs alone, MSNs combined with menthol could allow deepened and densely distributed surface pores of bEnd.3 cells, increase roughness, reduce Young's modulus, aggravate F-actin band breakage, and diminish mean gray value, while no significant difference was observed in combination with curcumol. Therefore, it is inferred that the aromatic components can increase the intracellular uptake and transport of nanoparticles by altering the biomechanical properties of bEnd.3 cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Menthol/pharmacology , Actins/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Nanoparticles/chemistry
19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 29-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970232

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prevalence and the risk factors of fungal sepsis in 25 neonatal intensive care units (NICU) among preterm infants in China, and to provide a basis for preventive strategies of fungal sepsis. Methods: This was a second-analysis of the data from the "reduction of infection in neonatal intensive care units using the evidence-based practice for improving quality" study. The current status of fungal sepsis of the 24 731 preterm infants with the gestational age of <34+0 weeks, who were admitted to 25 participating NICU within 7 days of birth between May 2015 and April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. These preterm infants were divided into the fungal sepsis group and the without fungal sepsis group according to whether they developed fungal sepsis to analyze the incidences and the microbiology of fungal sepsis. Chi-square test was used to compare the incidences of fungal sepsis in preterm infants with different gestational ages and birth weights and in different NICU. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to study the outcomes of preterm infants with fungal sepsis, which were further compared with those of preterm infants without fungal sepsis. The 144 preterm infants in the fungal sepsis group were matched with 288 preterm infants in the non-fungal sepsis group by propensity score-matched method. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the risk factors of fungal sepsis. Results: In all, 166 (0.7%) of the 24 731 preterm infants developed fungal sepsis, with the gestational age of (29.7±2.0) weeks and the birth weight of (1 300±293) g. The incidence of fungal sepsis increased with decreasing gestational age and birth weight (both P<0.001). The preterm infants with gestational age of <32 weeks accounted for 87.3% (145/166). The incidence of fungal sepsis was 1.0% (117/11 438) in very preterm infants and 2.0% (28/1 401) in extremely preterm infants, and was 1.3% (103/8 060) in very low birth weight infants and 1.7% (21/1 211) in extremely low birth weight infants, respectively. There was no fungal sepsis in 3 NICU, and the incidences in the other 22 NICU ranged from 0.7% (10/1 397) to 2.9% (21/724), with significant statistical difference (P<0.001). The pathogens were mainly Candida (150/166, 90.4%), including 59 cases of Candida albicans and 91 cases of non-Candida albicans, of which Candida parapsilosis was the most common (41 cases). Fungal sepsis was independently associated with increased risk of moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (adjusted OR 1.52, 95%CI 1.04-2.22, P=0.030) and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) (adjusted OR 2.55, 95%CI 1.12-5.80, P=0.025). Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure (adjusted OR=2.50, 95%CI 1.50-4.17, P<0.001), prolonged use of central line (adjusted OR=1.05, 95%CI 1.03-1.08, P<0.001) and previous total parenteral nutrition (TPN) duration (adjusted OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.02-1.06, P<0.001) were all independently associated with increasing risk of fungal sepsis. Conclusions: Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis are the main pathogens of fungal sepsis among preterm infants in Chinese NICU. Preterm infants with fungal sepsis are at increased risk of moderate to severe BPD and severe ROP. Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure, prolonged use of central line and prolonged duration of TPN will increase the risk of fungal sepsis. Ongoing initiatives are needed to reduce fungal sepsis based on these risk factors.


Subject(s)
Infant , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Sepsis/epidemiology , Retinopathy of Prematurity/epidemiology , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology
20.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 327-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969894

ABSTRACT

Chest tightness variant asthma (CTVA) is a special type of asthma with chest tightness as the only or main symptom. Due to the lack of typical asthma symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and positive signs in chest, it is easy to be missed or misdiagnosed in clinical practice. The onset of chest tightness variant asthma is insidious, and there is few research and attention both domestic and international, so there is no unified diagnosis and treatment standard especially in childhood asthma. This article expounds the related research advances in chest tightness variant asthma, in order to increase clinical attention and provide reference and basis for the prevention of the disease as well as the formulation of diagnosis and treatment strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma/drug therapy , Cough , Surveys and Questionnaires , Records
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL