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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 541-548, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922848

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the effect and mechanism of curcumin on inhibiting choroidal neovascularization(CNV)<i>in vitro</i>. METHODS: Human retinal pigment epithelial(ARPE-19)cells chemical hypoxia model was established by cobalt chloride(CoCl2). CCK-8 method was used to detect the effect of curcumin on the activity of ARPE-19 cells induced by CoCl2. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of AKT, HIF-1α, VEGF mRNA and protein in ARPE-19 cells hypoxia model induced by CoCl2. Cell scratch test, transwell chamber migration test, transwell chamber invasion test and matrigel matrix hose lumen formation test were used to observe the effects of conditioned medium of curcumin in ARPE-19 cells on the proliferation, migration, invasion and lumen formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC)in non-contact condition. RESULTS:Chemical hypoxia model of ARPE-19 cells can successfully establish by CoCl2 at 100μmol/L. CoCl2 at the final concentration of 100μmol/L can promote the expression of AKT, HIF-1α and VEGF mRNA and p-AKT, HIF-1α and VEGF protein in ARPE-19 cells. Curcumin at the final concentration of 100μmol/L can reduce the expression of AKT, HIF-1α and VEGF mRNA in ARPE-19 hypoxia model. Curcumin at the final concentration of 100μmol/L can reduce the expression of AKT, HIF -1α and VEGF proteins in ARPE-19 hypoxia model. The conditioned medium of low(6.25μmol/L), medium(25μmol/L)and high dose(100μmol/L)curcumin in ARPE-19 cells can significantly inhibit the level migration of HUVEC. The conditioned medium in high dose group can significantly inhibit the vertical migration and cell invasion of HUVEC. The conditioned medium of middle and high dose curcumin in ARPE-19 cells can inhibit the lumen formation of HUVEC. CONCLUSION:Curcumin at 100μmol/L can protect ARPE-19 cells from hypoxia induced by CoCl2. Curcumin can inhibit the formation of blood vessels at the cellular level.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 725-728, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects o f CYP2C9*3 gene polymorphism on therapeutic efficacy of benzbromarone in lowering uric acid and its hepatotoxicity. METHODS :A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the relevant clinical indicators and genotypes of 196 gout patients who received benzbromarone and CYP2C9*3 gene polymorphism test in Wuhan third hospital from Jan. 2018 to Sept. 2019. RESULTS :Among 196 patients,179,15 and 2 patients with CYP2C9*3 genotypes * 1/*1, *1/*3 and * 3/*3 genotypes were found ,respectively,and the distribution of each genotype was in line with Hardy-Weinberg balance(P>0.05). Before treatment ,there were no significant differences in the levels of UA ,Scr,ALT,AST and CRP between *1/*1 genotype and * 1/*3+*3/*3 genotype(P>0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment ,the UA ,Scr,CRP levels of patients with * 1/*1 genotype as well as the UA and CRP levels of patients with * 1/*3+*3/*3 genotype were significantly reduced ,the UA level of patients with * 1/*1 genotype was significantly lower than that of patients with * 1/*3+*3/*3 genotype(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The ALT and AST levels had no obvious changes in patients with different genotype before and after treatment ,and they were in the normal range. No serious abnormal liver function was observed during the treatment. CONCLUSIONS :Therapeutic efficacy of benzbromarone in lowering uric acid in gout patients with CYP2C9*3 genotypes * 1/*1 genotype is better than that of * 1/*3 and * 3/*3 genotypes. However ,the gene polymorphism may be not associated with its hepatotoxicity.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 809-812, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and influencing factors of microwave ablation (MVA) in the treatment of benign thyroid nodules.Methods:The clinical data of ultrasound-guided microwave ablation for thyroid benign nodules in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2017 to April 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. At 1, 3 and 6 months after operation, conventional ultrasound examination was performed to calculate the volume reduction rate of the nodules. The nodules were divided into groups according to gender, age, nodule blood supply, nodule size, nodule nature and Hashimoto′s thyroiditis background, and the related factors influencing microwave ablation were analyzed.Results:68 patients (106 nodules) with benign thyroid nodules were treated with microwave ablation. The volume of benign thyroid nodules after the MWA treatment was significantly reduced after 1, 3, 6 months, and their nodule volume reduction ratio (VRR) were (39.7±6.1)% (1 months), (56.2±5.9)% (3 months), (70.3±5.4)% (6 months), respectively. There were significant differences in the volume reduction ratio of nodules at 1, 3 and 6 months after operation among different nodule size, nodule nature and Hashimoto′s thyroiditis background, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the reduction ratio of nodules in different gender, age and nodule blood supply at 1, 3 and 6 months after operation ( P>0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that VRR was negatively correlated with ablation time per unit volume, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis indicated that only nodule nature and ablation time per unit volume entered the regression equation. Conclusions:The size and nature of the nodules, Hashimoto′s thyroiditis background and ablation time per unit volume will affect the postoperative volume reduction rate.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 529-534, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of noise, bright light and mechanical stimulation on sleep, blood-brain barrier and cognitive function in septic rats.Methods:Forty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were selected and intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to establish sepsis model. 0, 30, 45, 60, 75 dB noise stimulation or 0, 50, 100, 200, 400 Lux light stimulation were given to rats (all n = 4). The serum levels of cortisol and melatonin, and the cerebral content of Evans blue (EB) were measured 96 hours after the stimulation to determine the optimal intensity of intervention. The other 40 SD rats were randomly divided into control group (Con group), LPS group, noise intervention group (LPS+60 dB group), 200 Lux light intervention group (LPS+200 Lux group) and mechanical stimulation group (LPS+MS group), with 8 rats in each group. The open fields test and fear conditioning test were used to evaluate the exploratory behavior and cognitive function 96 hours after corresponding stimulation. The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect cerebral level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and serum levels of cortisol and melatonin. The blood-brain barrier integrity was assessed by EB staining. The protein levels of ZO-1, Claudin-5 and caspase-3 in the hippocampus were detected by Western blotting to assess the blood-brain barrier integrity and neuronal apoptosis. Results:Compared with 0 dB group or 0 Lux group, the serum melatonin concentration in 60 dB group and 200 Lux group were significantly reduced, while the serum cortisol concentration and cerebral EB content were significantly increased. Therefore, 60 dB noise and 200 Lux light were selected in the subsequent experiments. Compared with Con group, the horizontal score and vertical score in the open field test in LPS group were significantly decreased. There were no significant differences in the proportion of freezing time, the cerebral contents of EB and IL-6, the serum levels of melatonin and cortisol, and the hippocampal expressions of ZO-1, Claudin-5 and caspase-3. Compared with LPS group, the horizontal score, vertical score and the percentage of freezing time in LPS+60 dB group, LPS+200 Lux group and LPS+MS group were significantly reduced [horizontal score: 73.8±9.7, 80.3±9.4, 64.5±8.3 vs. 103.6±15.5; vertical score: 9.4±1.7, 11.2±1.9, 6.8±0.9 vs. 15.9±2.8; the percentage of freezing time: (45.3±4.7)%, (53.3±5.8)%, (42.1±5.1)% vs. (66.1±6.3)%], the serum level of melatonin was significantly decreased (ng/L: 53.62±6.20, 44.25±6.41, 45.33±5.84 vs. 74.39±7.54), the serum level of cortisol was significantly increased (nmol/L: 818.34±95.53, 710.04±65.41, 989.73±91.63 vs. 398.82±72.59), the levels of EB, IL-6 in the brain tissue were significantly increased [EB (μg/g): 2.80±0.35, 2.38±0.31, 3.24±0.42 vs. 1.59±0.26; IL-6 (ng/g): 31.56±4.11, 26.69±3.75, 37.47±4.56 vs. 16.28±2.69], the expressions of ZO-1 and Claudin-5 were significantly decreased (ZO-1/β-actin: 0.37±0.04, 0.32±0.05, 0.24±0.04 vs. 0.80±0.09; Claudin-5/β-actin: 0.62±0.08, 0.47±0.06, 0.35±0.05 vs. 0.97±0.20), and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was significantly increased (caspase-3/β-actin: 0.56±0.06, 0.39±0.04, 0.72±0.12 vs. 0.20±0.03), with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). Conclusion:60 dB noise, 200 Lux light or mechanical stimulation for 96 hours could inhibit the secretion of serum melatonin, promote the secretion of cortisol, and activate neuroinflammation in septic rats, and lead to neuronal apoptosis in hippocampus and hyper-permeability of blood-brain barrier, which in turn could cause sleep disturbance and cognitive impairment.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of cupping therapy on regulating phlegm dampness constitution of elderly patients with hypertension in the community.Methods:From August to November in 2019, 120 elderly patients with phlegm dampness hypertension were randomly divided into control group and intervention group, 60 cases in each. The control group was given traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) health care in the community, and the intervention group was given cupping therapy intervention on this basis, to evaluate the changes of the scores of TCM phlegm wet body mass table, the total score reduction rate of TCM phlegm wet body mass, the conversion rate of TCM phlegm wet body mass, blood pressure, body mass index and waist circumference between the two groups before the intervention, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months after the intervention.Results:Finally, there were 51 cases in the intervention group and 57 cases in the control group. The TCM phlegm dampness constitution sub-scale and total scores of the comparison between groups at four different time points showed that except for the dimension of abdominal hypertrophy, the sub-scale and total scores of TCM phlegm-dampness constitution scale in the two groups were lower than before, and the differences were statistically significant ( F values were 3.450-94.995, P<0.05). The total score reduction rate of phlegm dampness constitution in the intervention group was 0.17 ± 0.10, higher than that in the control group (0.12 ± 0.09), and the difference was statistically significant ( t value was - 2.773, P < 0.05). The transformation rate of phlegm-dampness constitution was 47.1% (24/51) in the intervention group, which was higher than that in the control group (33.3%,19/57). The value of systolic blood pressure was lower in the intervention group [(135.10±2.64) mmHg,1 mmHg=0.133 kPa] than that in the control group [(138.88±2.42) mmHg] after 2 months of intervention, and the difference was statistically significant ( F value was 6.586, P<0.05). The value of diastolic blood pressure was lower in the intervention group [(80.75±3.03) mmHg] than that in the control group [(78.14±3.43) mmHg] after 3 months of intervention, and the difference was statistically significant ( F value was 6.758, P<0.05). Conclusions:On the basis of TCM physical nursing in the community, the effect of cupping therapy on reducing the score of phlegm and dampness physical fitness of elderly hypertension patients in the community, promoting the transformation of phlegm and dampness physical fitness of elderly hypertension patients in the community, and reducing the blood pressure level of elderly hypertension patients in the community is better than that of TCM physical nursing in the community, which is worth being promoted in the community.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the practical effect of PICC catheterization in breast cancer patients by a multidisciplinary team led by specialist nurses.Methods:Choose Affiliated Tumor Hospital, Xinjiang Medical University in March 2018 to January 2020, 120 cases of breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, according to the random number method, 60 cases were divided into control group and test group, control group given routine nursing care, experimental group on the basis of conventional nursing to the specialist nurses as the leading multidisciplinary team management mode to compare two groups of patients with a success rate of puncture complications patients satisfaction and unscheduled decannulation rate before and after the implementation of the multidisciplinary model nurse satisfaction.Results:The one-time puncture success rate, unplanned extubation rate, incidence of mechanical phlebitis, medical adhesion-related skin injury, puncture point infection, and catheter blockage rate were 98.3% (59/60), 10.0% (6/60), 8.3% (5/60), 1.7% (1/60), 10.0% (6/60), and 10.0% (6/60), respectively. The control group was 88.3% (53/60), 20.0% (12/60), 20.0% (12/60), 13.3% (8/60), 18.3% (11/60) and 21.7% (13/60), respectively. The difference was statistically significant ( χ 2 values were 4.821-14.911, P<0.05). The satisfaction scores of patients in the experimental group were (17.05±1.43), (17.13±1.28) and (4.38±0.56) points respectively in the three dimensions of nurse skill level, nursing service experience and health education guidance, while those in the control group were (14.53±2.10), (15.03±1.38) and (3.10±0.75) points respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 0.576, 0.623, 0.699, P<0.001). Nurse satisfaction after the implementation of the multidisciplinary model on the professional ability, job security, teamwork, self-assessment score four dimensions, respectively (12.73±1.02), (24.00±3.52), (16.42±2.06), (13.00±1.83) points, not the implementation of the multidisciplinary model its satisfaction each dimension score (9.69±1.49), (7.88±2.07), (11.92±1.32), (8.88±1.18) points, improved from the previous implementation, the difference was statistically significant ( t values were 0.576-0.798, P<0.001). Conclusions:The multidisciplinary team management model led by specialist nurses is applied to the PICC management of breast cancer patients, which not only reduces the incidence of catheter complications, but also improves the quality control level of PICC and the satisfaction of patients and nurses, in order to further promote intravenous treatment. Specialized development provides guidance.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907911

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the social family factors influencing language delay in children with the age ranging from 18 to 42 months in Xiamen.Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate children with language delay (case group) and normal controls (control group) in Child Health Clinic and Developmental Behavior Clinic of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University between July 2017 and July 2019 via a self-made questionnaire and a language development scale, and the case-control ratio was 1∶4.The chi- square test, Logistic regression and generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) were adopted for statistical analysis, and the correction analysis was performed with Bonferroni correction. Results:A total of 126 children with language delay were collected in the case group, with the ratio of male to female being 2.05∶1.00. The control group was included 504 cases.There was no significant difference in gender and age between both groups.The chi- square test showed that there were statistical differences in maternal culture and screen time distribution between both groups ( P<0.05/13). Besides, the multivariate Logistic regression analysis suggested that significant risk factors for language delay in children included maternal culture, maternal-child interaction, and screen time.The GMDR analysis showed that screen time was the optimal single-mode for children at risk of language delay, while maternal culture and screen time constituted a statistically different two-factor model.Moreover, the marital-child interaction was included into the three-factor model. Conclusions:Screen time and maternal culture were the most important risk factors for language delay in children of Xiamen, and both factors would interact with maternal-child interaction, which could exert impacts on language delay in children.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907430

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the detection capability of p16/Ki-67 double staining technique in women with various abnormal thinprep cytologic test (TCT) results and its diagnostic value for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia Ⅱ+ grade (CIN2+).Methods:A total of 225 women with abnormal TCT results, i.e. the atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance(ASC-US), in the Tianjin Central Hospital of Gynecology Obstetrics, Nankai University Affiliated Maternity Hospital from December 2018 to December 2019 were enrolled. p16/Ki-67 double staining were detected and compared with the high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and pathological results.Results:The positive rates of p16/Ki-67 double staining increased with cytologic and pathologic categories. For diagnosis of CIN2+, p16/Ki-67double staining (90.1%) was less sensitive than HR-HPV testing (98.2%)( P<0.05), but the specificity of p16/Ki-67 double staining (58.8%) was significantly higher than HR-HPV(21.6%) ( P<0.001). Conclusions:Compared with HR-HPV, p16/Ki-67 double staining has better effect on diagnosing CIN2+. p16/Ki-67 double staining can be considered as triaging method for management of ASC-US and LSIL patients, significantly reduce the colposcopy referral rate (nearly 50%), which has high clinical application value.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) for simultaneous determination of six hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Verbenae Herba, and to carry out preliminary risk assessment according to the research results. Method:An ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used for analysis with 0.05% formic acid and 2.5 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate in water (A)-0.05% formic acid and 2.5 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate in acetonitrile (B) as mobile phase for gradient elution (0-12 min, 3%-8%B; 12-25 min, 8%-15%B; 25-26 min, 15%-3%B; 26-30 min, 3%B), the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the column temperature was 40 ℃, and the injection volume was 1 μL. MS system was operated by electrospray ionization (ESI) in the positive ion mode with multiple reaction monitoring mode. MS parameters of triple quadrupole and six analytes were optimized for qualitative and quantitative analysis. According to the determination results, the risk assessment was carried out by using margin of exposure (MOE) combined with transfer rate of hot water extraction. Result:Based on the instrument precision, linear range, repeatability, stability, recovery and other methodological validations, the results were in conformity with relevant standards of quantitative analysis. The linear ranges of intermedine, lycopsamine, intermedine <italic>N</italic>-oxide, lycopsamine<italic> N</italic>-oxide, echimidine<italic> N</italic>-oxide and echimidine were good (<italic>r</italic>≥0.999 0) between peak area and mass concentration in the ranges of 0.984-49.20, 0.994-49.70, 1.012-50.60, 1.032-51.60, 1.004-50.20, 1.016-50.80 µg·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. The average recoveries of these six analytes were 87.2%-94.2% with relative standard deviation (RSD)<4.0%. Their MOE values were >10 000. Conclusion:The UPLC-MS/MS established in this study is stable and feasible, which can provide scientific basis for the quality control and safety evaluation of hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids in Verbenae Herba.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885943

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the method and clinical effect of inferior pedicle flap used in reduction mammoplasty.Methods:From January 2010 to December 2019, 19 patients with moderate to severe macromastia who underwent reduction mammoplasty with inferior pedicle flap were enrolled in this study. The method of inferior pedicle flap was based on Robbins vertical inferior pedicle flap. New position of nipple areola and inferior pedicle flap were designed in terms of the breast anatomy.Results:A total of 19 patients (38 breasts) were included in this study. The average tissue reduction of one side breast was 570 g (385 g to 1 525 g). After operation, all patients were satisfied with natural appearance and nipple erection effect. There were no operation-related complications including nipple-areola necrosis. After 6 months to 8 years following-up, No inverted T hypertrophic scar occurred. Hyperpigmentation occurred on two patients with dark-skinned. The position of bilateral nipples and areola was higher in 1 patient after operation. The other 18 patients were satisfied with the position and shape of nipples and areola.Conclusions:It is a good choice for patients with moderate to severe macromastia to receive reduction mammoplasty with inferior pedicle flap. Through the method, large amount of breast tissue reduction and stable blood supply of nipple and areola complex could be obtained.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the associations of urinary retinol binding protein (RBP) and β 2-microglobulin (β 2-MG) with urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) and renal function in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods:A total of 1 030 Chinese patients with T2DM were included in this study. The subjects were divided into the UACR normal group (<30 mg/g), microalbuminuria group (30-300 mg/g) and macroalbuminuria group (>300 mg/g). Patients with normal UACR were further divided into two groups according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): the eGFR low group (<90 ml·min -1·1.73m -2) and the normal eGFR group (≥90 ml·min -1·1.73m -2). Urine RBP and β 2-MG levels among the groups were compared. Multiple linear regression analyses were applied to evaluate risk factors of urine RBP and β 2-MG. Results:In all patients ( n=1 030), urine RBP and β 2-MG increased gradually with the increase of UACR across the three groups, the proportions of abnormal urine RBP (>0.7 mg/L) and β 2-MG (>370 μg/L) in these groups were 3.8%, 8.5%, 39.0% ( P<0.001), and 12.9%, 26.7%, 46.8% ( P<0.001), respectively. In the UACR normal group ( n=788), 12.2% of the patients were with eGFR<90 ml·min -1·1.73m -2. The proportion of abnormal β 2-MG (>370 μg/L) was higher in the eGFR low group than that in the eGFR normal group (29.2% vs. 10.7%, P<0.001). Multivariate linear stepwise regression analyses were performed using natural logarithm of urine RBP or β 2-MG as dependent variable, and showed that urine RBP was independently associated with UACR ( β=0.0005, P<0.001), serum creatinine ( β=0.006, P<0.001) and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c ( β=0.050, P=0.001), and β 2-MG was independently correlated with UACR ( β=0.000 4, P<0.001), serum creatinine ( β=0.011, P<0.001), systolic blood pressure ( β=0.005, P=0.031) and fasting blood-glucose ( β=0.027, P=0.046). Conclusions:Urine RBP and β 2-MG are positively associated with high UACR and impaired renal function in T2DM patients, and these changes could occur before UACR and eGFR turned out to be abnormal. It is recommended that urine RBP and β 2-MG be detected as early as possible to identify diabetic kidney disease in patients with normal UACR and eGFR.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882035

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognosis of two rare imported patients with human African trypanosomias (HAT) after treatment in a follow-up study, and to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy, so as to provide insights into the treatment of imported HAT patients. Methods The white blood cells in cerebrospinal fluid samples and the trypomastigotes in cerebrospinal fluid and blood samples were monitored in an imported case with Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense infection 1, 3, 11 and 25 months post-treatment and in an imported case with T. brucei gambiense infection 1, 3, 8 and 12 months post-treatment to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis. Results There were 1, 1, 4 and 2 white blood cells in per μL of cerebrospinal fluid in the case with T. brucei rhodesiense infection 1, 3, 11 and 25 months post-treatment, and there were 3, 6, 4 and 3 white blood cells in per μL of cerebrospinal fluid in the case with T. brucei gambiense infection 1, 3, 8 and 12 months post-treatment. In addition, no trypomastigotes were identified in the cerebrospinal fluid or blood samples of either case with T. brucei rhodesiense or T. brucei gambiense infection. Conclusion Following standardized treatment, two imported cases with human African trypanosomiasis cases recover satisfactorily, without any signs of relapse.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the mechanisms underlying the protective effect of Chinese herbal medicine Fructus broussonetiae (FB) in both mouse and cell models of Alzheimer's disease (AD).@*METHODS@#APP/PS1 mice treated with FB for 2 months and vehicle-treated controls were run through the Morris water maze and object recognition test to evaluate learning and memory capacity. RNA-Seq, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining were also conducted to evaluate the effects of FB treatment on various signaling pathways altered in APP/PS1 mice. To further explore the mechanisms underlying FB's protective effect, PC-12 cells were treated with Aβ@*RESULTS@#FB-treated mice showed improved learning and memory capacity on both the Morris water maze and object recognition tests. RNA-seq of hippocampal tissue from APP/PS1 mice showed that FB had effects on multiple signaling pathways, specifically decreasing cell apoptotic signaling and increasing AKT and β-catenin signaling. Similarly, FB up-regulated both AKT and β-catenin signaling in PC-12 cells pre-treated with Aβ@*CONCLUSIONS@#FB exerted neuroprotective effects on hippocampal cells of APP/PS1 mice, as well as improved cell viability in an in vitro model of AD. The protective actions of FB occurred via the upregulation of AKT/β-catenin signaling.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921626

ABSTRACT

Bile of animal(mainly chicken, pig, snake, cow, and bear) has long been used as medicine. As the major active components of bile, bile acids mainly include cholic acid, deoxycholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid, ursodeoxycholic acid, and taurochenodeoxycholic acid. They interact with intestinal microorganisms in enterohepatic circulation, thereby playing an important part in nutrient absorption and allocation, metabolism regulation, and dynamic balance. Bile acids have pharmacological effects such as protecting liver, kidney, heart, brain, and nerves, promoting bile secretion, dissolving gallstones, anti-cancer, relieving cough and dyspnea, dispelling phlegm, treating eye diseases, and regulating intestinal function and blood glucose, which are widely used in clinical practice. This study summarized and analyzed the research on the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of bile acids from medicinal animals, in a bid to provide scientific basis and reference for the further development and utilization of bile acids.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Acids and Salts , Cattle , Chenodeoxycholic Acid , Cholic Acids , Deoxycholic Acid , Female , Swine , Ursodeoxycholic Acid
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919299

ABSTRACT

Based on the field investigations in 91 investigation sites (counties) in southwest China between 2001 and 2019, the present paper reported the chigger mites on A. agrarius mice in southwest China for the first time by using a series of statistical methods. From 715 striped field mice captured in 28 of 91 investigated sites, only 255 chiggers were collected, and they were identified as 14 species, 6 genera in 3 subfamilies under 2 families. Of 715 A. agrarius mice, only 24 of them were infested with chigger mites with low overall prevalence (PM=3.4%), overall mean abundance (MA=0.36 mites/host) and overall mean intensity (MI=10.63 mites/host). The species diversity and infestation of chiggers on A. agrarius were much lower than those previously reported on some other rodents in southwest China. On a certain species of rodent, A. agrarius mouse in southwest China seems to have a very low susceptibility to chigger infestations than in other geographical regions. Of 14 chigger species, there were 3 dominant species, Leptotrombidium sialkotense, L. rupestre and Schoengastiella novoconfuciana, which were of aggregated distribution among different individuals of A. agrarius hosts. L. sialkotense, one of 6 main vectors of scrub typhus in China, was the first dominant on A. agrarius. The species similarity of chigger mites on male and female hosts was low with CSS=0.25, and this reflects the sex-bias of different genders of A. agrarius mice in harboring different chigger species.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878448

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the clinical performance of the intraoral digital impression (IDI) in the fixed prosthodontics.@*METHODS@#Databases of Medline (Ovid), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and CNKI were searched for randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the use of IDI in fixed prosthodontics until May 2020. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and assessed the risk of bias of included studies. A Meta-analysis was conducted when available.@*RESULTS@#Eleven RCTs involving 618 patients were included in this study. A total of 2 and 3 studies had low and high risks of bias, respectively, and other included studies had a medium risk of bias. Results illustrated that the IDI group could shorten the impression-taken time [SMD=-5.63, 95%CI (-11.25, -0.01), @*CONCLUSIONS@#Evidence indicated a good clinical performance of IDI for fixed prosthodontics. Notably, high-quality studies are expected to further support the conclusion.


Subject(s)
Dental Care , Humans , Prosthodontics
17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1126-1129, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867378

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of whole-course guided management under the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in perioperative period of patients with acoustic neuroma.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on the patients with acoustic neuroma treated by inpatient surgery in our department from January 2018 to December 2019. The patients before January 2019 adopted the traditional outpatient and inpatient treatment management mode were in the control group. Patients admitted after January 2019 were in the observation group. The experimental group adopted the guided management mode under the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery. In other words, on the basis of the traditional management, the whole-course guided management under the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery was added, which mainly included outpatient documentation, introduction of basic disease knowledge, preoperative and postoperative life guidance, preoperative and postoperative psychological guidance and family follow-up. Patients in both groups were observed for their first medical contact-discharge time, medical and nursing satisfaction, and psychological status was assessed by self-rating depression Scale (SDS) and self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) before surgery, on the day of discharge, and 1 month after discharge.Results:The first medical contact discharge time of the whole-course oriented management group under the concept of accelerated rehabilitation surgery was significantly shorter than that of the traditional group, and its medical and nursing satisfaction was significantly improved ( P<0.05); the SDS score and SAS score before operation, on the day of discharge and 1 month after discharge in the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The whole-process guided management under the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery can significantly shorten the time of patients′ first medical contact and discharge, reduce anxiety and depression in patients with acoustic neuroma before and after surgery, and improve patients′ satisfaction with medical treatment and care.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866401

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of ulinastatin combined with meropenem on immune function, interleukin 2(IL-2), interleukin 4(IL-4), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin 10(IL-10) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-) levels in elderly patients with severe infection.Methods:From January 2016 to June 2018, 60 elderly patients with severe infections admitted to the Second People's Hospital of Lishui were randomly divided into control group(30 cases) and observation group(30 cases). The patients in the control group were treated with meropenem, while the patients in the observation group were treated with ulinastatin on the basis of the control group.Both two groups were treated for 14 days.The therapeutic effects, changes of T lymphocyte subsets, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-levels, recovery time of gastrointestinal function and occurrence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome(SIRS) before and after treatment were compared between the two groups.Results:The total effective rate of the observation group(93.33%) was higher than that of the control group(66.67%)(χ 2=6.667, P<0.05). After treatment, CD 3+ [(64.38±3.19)%], CD 4+ [(40.39±2.35)%]and CD 4+/CD 8+ (1.65±0.19) in the observation group were higher than those in the control group[(58.94±3.56)%, (35.47±2.87)% and (1.34±0.14)]( t=6.233, 7.265, 3.834, all P<0.05). The serum levels of IL-2[(126.87±17.49)ng/L], IL-4[(8.98±2.14)g/L], IL-6[(176.89±23.1)ng/L], IL-10[(37.94±12.56)ng/L] and TNF-α[(163.45±17.96)ng/L]in the observation group were lower than those in the control group[(343.27±28.56)ng/L, (19.65±4.56) g/L, (346.37±38.98)ng/L, (83.21±18.56)ng/L and (254.37±23.45)ng/L]( t=35.392, 10.602, 20.476, 11.064, 16.860, all P<0.05). The recovery time of gastrointestinal function in the observation group[(5.31±1.29)d] was shorter than that in the control group[(6.97±1.43)d]( t=4.721, P<0.05), while the incidence of SIRS(13.33%) was lower than that in the control group(43.33%)(χ 2=6.648, P<0.05). Conclusion:Ulinastatin combined with meropenem is effective in the treatment of elderly patients with severe infection.It can improve the immune function of the patients, reduce the levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-, and alleviate the inflammatory reaction.It is worthy of clinical reference.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865741

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of learner-centered, simulation-based training in the clinical operation teaching of anesthesiology.Method:s A total of 20 junior students in anesthesiology from a university from 2016 to 2017 were included. In this study, the training of three simulation operations, namely endotracheal intubation, central venous puncture, and arterial catheterization was set up. The self-confidence, operational knowledge, and operational skills before and after the training were assessed through Likert-type questionnaires, multiple-choice tests, and procedural checklists, respectively. Data analyses were performed with the SPSS 16.0. The Wilcoxon signed rank test was applied to compare the self-confidence scores before and after training and the paired t-test was adopted to compare the knowledge and operation scores before and after training.Result:s The students' self-confidence, knowledge and operation scores of the three operations were significantly improved after training ( P<0.05), with the highest increase in the central venous puncture operation score [(7.55±2.40) vs. (15.55±1.84), P<0.01]. The teaching satisfaction survey showed that 95% of the students felt that the training course was conducive to the operation skills learning and were satisfied with the course of this training. Conclusion:The learner-centered, simulation-based training can help the clinical students master the operating skill points quickly and skillfully, and promote the individualized and standardized implementation of the clinical operation skills, thereby improving the clinical teaching effect.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828046

ABSTRACT

Scutellariae Radix(Huangqin) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) used for the treatment of clearing heat in clinical application. It is bitter-cold by using directly, but the bitter-cold property can be relieved after wine-frying. The study of taste changes before and after wine-frying of Scutellariae Radix is of great significance in identifying Scutellariae Radix and wine-processed Scutellariae Radix and clarifying the traditional theory of wine-processing. In this experiment, 10 batches of Scutellariae Radix and wine-processed Scutellariae Radix were prepared. The contents of 5 flavonoids were determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), and principal component analysis(PCA) was performed with 5 flavonoids as variables. As a result, the contents were different in different batches of Scutellariae Radix, but Scutellariae Radix and wine-processed Scutellariae Radix could not be distinguished. Five sensory attributes(sour, salty, fresh, sweet, and bitter) were evaluated by artificial tasting, and the response values of 7 sensors(AHS, AHS, PKS, CTS, NMS, CPS, ANS, SCS) representing the taste of pieces were detected by electronic tongue. The correlation between sensory evaluation and response values of the electronic tongue were analyzed, and the results showed that the sensory evaluation of sour, salty, fresh, sweet, bitter and AHS, CTS, NMS, ANS, SCS sensors had different degrees of correlation, indicating that the electronic tongue technology can be used as an alternative to artificial taste and can serve as a means for quantifying the taste, and it can be used to evaluate the taste of TCM pieces. The taste method was used to analyze the response values of the electronic tongue, and the results showed that the bitterness of wine-processed Scutellariae Radix decreased and the salty taste increased. PCA was used to analyze taste changes before and after wine-processed Scutellariae Radix, and the results showed that taste differences between 2 pieces were divided into 2 categories. PCA loading scattering plots showed that response of saltiness and bitterness were the major factors to affect overall taste in Scutellariae Radix and wine-processed Scutellariae Radix. Based on electronic tongue response values, the Fisher discriminant model for Scutellariae Radix and wine-processed Scutellariae Radix was established, which showed that it could effectively discriminate them with a recognition rate of 100%. The experimental results showed that the electronic tongue combined with multivariate statistical analysis can be used to evaluate taste of TCM, at the same time, it could provide a fast and simple method for identifying different processed products.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Scutellaria baicalensis , Taste , Wine
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