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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 223-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for the management of antithrombotic therapy in thrombocytopenia patients with atrial fibrillation and atherosclerosis. METHODS The clinical pharmacist participated in the treatment of a thrombocytopenia patient with atrial fibrillation and atherosclerosis, and analyzed the causes of thrombocytopenia according to the patient’s medical history and laboratory examination results. At the same time, the risk of thrombosis-bleeding was evaluated according to the relevant guidelines, and the clinicians were assisted in formulating individual antithrombotic therapy plan and pharmaceutical care plan for the patient. The literature on antithrombotic therapy related to thrombocytopenia was collected and analyzed by retrieving CNKI. RESULTS Thrombocytopenia was considered as primary thrombocytopenia in this patient, and the main risk of bleeding was age ≥65 years old, bleeding tendency, and combined use of antithrombotic drugs. After the clinical pharmacist assessed the risk of thrombosis and bleeding, the clinician was recommended to give full dose of Bemiheparin sodium injection + Dronedarone hydrochloride tablets + Metoprolol succinate sustained-release tablets. In view of thrombocytopenia, the clinician gave Compound zaofan pill, Caffeic acid tablet and Sheng xuexiaoban capsule, but the patient developed diarrhea after the medication. The clinical pharmacist suggested stopping Sheng xuexiaoban capsule, and the clinician adopted the clinical pharmacist’s suggestion. When the patient was discharged from hospital, the clinical pharmacist suggested that the antithrombotic therapy plan for discharge was anticoagulation alone or selective anticoagulation. The clinician chose selective anticoagulation treatment considering that the patient’s current thrombocytopenia, urinary occult blood (+) and fecal occult blood were weakly positive, and ordered the patient to take Metoprolol succinate sustained-release tablets + Atorvastatin calcium tablets at discharge. Literature analysis showed that the causes of thrombocytopenia of patients with thromboembolism mainly included heparin induced-thrombocytopenia, immune thrombocytopenia, etc. All patients were improved after symptomatic treatment. CONCLUSIONS By participating in the management of antithrombotic therapy for the thrombocytopenia patient with atrial fibrillation and atherosclerosis, clinical pharmacists can help effectively control the patient’s condition and ensure the safety and effectiveness of drug use.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 253-258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969831

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics and correlations of vaginal flora in women with cervical lesions. Methods: A total of 132 women, including 41 women diagnosed with normal cervical (NC), 39 patients with low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 1), 37 patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 2/3) and 15 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), who came from the gynecological clinic of Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University during January 2018 to June 2018, were enrolled in this study according to the inclusive and exclusive criteria strictly. The vaginal flora was detected by 16S rDNA sequencing technology. Co-occurrence network analysis was used to investigate the Spearman correlations between different genera of bacteria. Results: The dominant bacteria in NC, CIN 1 and CIN 2/3 groups were Lactobacillus [constituent ratios 79.4% (1 869 598/2 354 098), 63.6% (1 536 466/2 415 100) and 58.3% (1 342 896/2 301 536), respectively], while Peptophilus [20.4% (246 072/1 205 154) ] was the dominant bacteria in SCC group. With the aggravation of cervical lesions, the diversity of vaginal flora gradually increased (Shannon index: F=6.39, P=0.001; Simpson index: F=3.95, P=0.012). During the cervical lesion progress, the ratio of Lactobacillus gradually decreased, the ratio of other anaerobes such as Peptophilus, Sneathia, Prevotella and etc. gradually increased, and the differential bacteria (LDA score >3.5) gradually evolved from Lactobacillus to other anaerobes. The top 10 relative abundance bacteria, spearman correlation coefficient>0.4 and P<0.05 were selected. Co-occurrence network analysis showed that Prevotella, Peptophilus, Porphyrinomonas, Anaerococcus, Sneathia, Atopobium, Gardnerella and Streptococcus were positively correlated in different stages of cervical lesions, while Lactobacillus was negatively correlated with the above anaerobes. It was found that the relationship between vaginal floras in CIN 1 group was the most complex and only Peptophilus was significantly negatively correlated with Lactobacillus in SCC group. Conclusions: The increased diversity and changed correlations between vaginal floras are closely related to cervical lesions. Peptophilus is of great significance in the diagnosis, prediction and early warning of cervical carcinogenesis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Vagina/microbiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia , Cervix Uteri , Lactobacillus/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections
3.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1096-1104, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985519

ABSTRACT

Ongoing global pandemic of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has promoted the unprecedented rapid development and large-scale rolling out of different platform-based COVID-19 vaccines worldwide. How to effectively respond to the expected scale increasing adverse events after vaccination campaign of COVID-19 vaccines is a common problem faced by the world. A lot of countries and regions around the world have arranged in advance at different levels, optimizing the original vaccine safety monitoring system from the perspectives of strengthening the foundation and capabilities, promoting internal and external cooperation, upgrading methods, as well as improving transparency and public communication, which has ensured the good and efficient operation of the system and can provide reference for the construction of relevant fields in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , Viral Vaccines/adverse effects
4.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 567-577, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009927

ABSTRACT

Tumors in which the microenvironment is characterized by lack of immune cell infiltration are referred as "cold tumors" and typically exhibit low responsiveness to immune therapy. Targeting the factors contributing to "cold tumors" formation and converting them into "hot tumors" is a novel strategy for improving the efficacy of immunotherapy. Adenosine, a hydrolysis product of ATP, accumulates with a significantly higher concentration in the tumor microenvironments compared with normal tissue and exerts inhibitory effects on tumor-specific adaptive immunity. Tumor cells, dendritic cells, macrophages, and T cells express abundant adenosine receptors on their surfaces. The binding of adenosine to these receptors initiates downstream signaling pathways that suppress tumor antigen presentation and immune cell activation, consequently dampening adaptive immune responses against tumors. Adenosine down-regulates the expression of major histocompatibility complex Ⅱ and co-stimulatory factors on dendritic cells and macrophages, thereby inhibiting antigen presentation to T cells. Adenosine also inhibits ligand-receptor binding and transmembrane signaling on T cells, concomitantly suppressing the secretion of anti-tumor cytokines and impairing T cell activation. Furthermore, adenosine hinders effector T cell trafficking to tumor sites and infiltration by inhibiting chemokine secretion and KCa3.1 channels. Additionally, adenosine promotes the secretion of immunosuppressive cytokines, increases immune checkpoint protein expression, and enhances the activity of immunosuppressive cells, collectively curbing cytotoxic T cell-mediated tumor cell killing. Given the immunosuppressive role of adenosine in adaptive antitumor immunity, several inhibitors targeting adenosine generation or adenosine receptor blockade are currently in preclinical or clinical development with the aim of enhancing the effectiveness of immunotherapies. This review provides an overview of the inhibitory effects of adenosine on adaptive antitumor immunity, elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved, and summarizes the latest advances in application of adenosine inhibition strategies for antitumor immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenosine/pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes , Adaptive Immunity , Cytokines , Neoplasms/therapy , Tumor Microenvironment
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2585-2600, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982858

ABSTRACT

Mevalonate metabolism plays an important role in regulating tumor growth and progression; however, its role in immune evasion and immune checkpoint modulation remains unclear. Here, we found that non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with higher plasma mevalonate response better to anti-PD-(L)1 therapy, as indicated by prolonged progression-free survival and overall survival. Plasma mevalonate levels were positively correlated with programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression in tumor tissues. In NSCLC cell lines and patient-derived cells, supplementation of mevalonate significantly up-regulated the expression of PD-L1, whereas deprivation of mevalonate reduced PD-L1 expression. Mevalonate increased CD274 mRNA level but did not affect CD274 transcription. Further, we confirmed that mevalonate improved CD274 mRNA stability. Mevalonate promoted the affinity of the AU-rich element-binding protein HuR to the 3'-UTR regions of CD274 mRNA and thereby stabilized CD274 mRNA. By in vivo study, we further confirmed that mevalonate addition enhanced the anti-tumor effect of anti-PD-L1, increased the infiltration of CD8+ T cells, and improved cytotoxic function of T cells. Collectively, our findings discovered plasma mevalonate levels positively correlated with the therapeutic efficacy of anti-PD-(L)1 antibody, and provided the evidence that mevalonate supplementation could be an immunosensitizer in NSCLC.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1488-1497, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982804

ABSTRACT

Lipids have been found to modulate tumor biology, including proliferation, survival, and metastasis. With the new understanding of tumor immune escape that has developed in recent years, the influence of lipids on the cancer-immunity cycle has also been gradually discovered. First, regarding antigen presentation, cholesterol prevents tumor antigens from being identified by antigen presenting cells. Fatty acids reduce the expression of major histocompatibility complex class I and costimulatory factors in dendritic cells, impairing antigen presentation to T cells. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) reduce the accumulation of tumor-infiltrating dendritic cells. Regarding T-cell priming and activation, cholesterol destroys the structure of the T-cell receptor and reduces immunodetection. In contrast, cholesterol also promotes T-cell receptor clustering and relative signal transduction. PGE2 represses T-cell proliferation. Finally, regarding T-cell killing of cancer cells, PGE2 and cholesterol weaken granule-dependent cytotoxicity. Moreover, fatty acids, cholesterol, and PGE2 can improve the activity of immunosuppressive cells, increase the expression of immune checkpoints and promote the secretion of immunosuppressive cytokines. Given the regulatory role of lipids in the cancer-immunity cycle, drugs that modulate fatty acids, cholesterol and PGE2 have been envisioned as effective way in restoring antitumor immunity and synergizing with immunotherapy. These strategies have been studied in both preclinical and clinical studies.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 564-567, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991364

ABSTRACT

Based on the theory of "Johari Window", this study introduced how to stimulate information content obtained in doctor-patient communication and how to apply the comprehensive geriatric assessment creatively from the four modules of open area, blind area, hidden area and unknown area in the model. It helped students to gain the trust and cooperation of patients, rapidly narrow down the blind area, hidden area and unknown area, guide patients to actively extend the open area, improve the teaching quality of doctor-patient communication in a scientific way.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2274-2277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988790

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide a reference for the safe use of drugs in patients with complex venous thromboembolism (VTE) and acute renal insufficiency. METHODS Clinical pharmacists participated in the management of anticoagulant therapy for a patient with complex VTE complicated with acute renal insufficiency, and evaluated the patient as high-risk thrombosis and bleeding based on their medical history, laboratory test results, etc.; combined with the complexity of thrombosis and renal insufficiency, clinical pharmacists suggested that enoxaparin sodium should be used in the acute stage of thrombosis (5 to 21 days after onset), and then warfarin should be adopted for oral anticoagulation treatment. Because the patient’s anticoagulation was not up to the standard (the target range of the international normalized ratio was 2-3), clinical pharmacists suggested increasing the warfarin dose, detecting the warfarin metabolism genotype, and adjusting the warfarin dose according to the genotype; at the same time, clinical pharmacists developed an anticoagulation monitoring plan to ensure the safety of anticoagulation treatment. RESULTS Doctors had adopted all the recommendations of clinical pharmacists. The patient did not experience adverse events such as bleeding or worsening of thromboembolism during anticoagulation in the hospital. When the anticoagulation met the standards, the patient was allowed to be discharged with medication. CONCLUSIONS By participating in the anticoagulation treatment management of patients with complex VTE and acute renal insufficiency, clinical pharmacists have assisted doctors in formulating personalized anticoagulation plans to promote the compliance with the anticoagulation treatment standard and ensure the safety and effectiveness of medication for patients.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1806-1810, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013682

ABSTRACT

Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) is an abundant polyphenolie component originating from green tea extract that has exhibited versatile bioactivities in combating several diseases. During the last decade, EGCG are effective in experimental models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Several experimental studies suggest the pleiotropic neuroprotective effects, aiding to EGCG as an appealing therapeutic strategy in PD. Therefore, in this review we focus on the effects of EGCG on anti-apoptosis, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammation, modulation of dopamine production, and the aggregation of a-synuclein. We aim to compile the recent updates and cellular and molecular mechanisms of neuroprotection of EGCG in PD. This review highlights the pharmacological features of EGCG and its therapeutic implications in PD.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4337-4337, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011174

ABSTRACT

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.apsb.2023.04.002.].

11.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 809-816, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939794

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the effect of echinacoside (ECH) on cognitive dysfunction in post cerebral stroke model rats.@*METHODS@#The post stroke cognitive impairment rat model was created by occlusion of the transient middle cerebral artery (MCAO). The rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the sham group (sham operation), the MCAO group (received operation for focal cerebral ischemia), and the ECH group (received operation for focal cerebral ischemia and ECH 50 mg/kg per day), with 6 rats in each group. The infarct volume and spatial learning were evaluated by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining and Morris water maze. The expression of α7nAChR in the hippocampus was detected by immunohistochemistry. The contents of acetylcholine (ACh), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), activities of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and catalase (CAT) were evaluated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The neural apoptosis and autophagy were determined by TUNEL staining and LC3 staining, respectively.@*RESULTS@#ECH significantly lessened the brain infarct volume and ameliorated neurological deficit in infarct volume and water content (both P<0.01). Compared with MCAO rats, administration of ECH revealed shorter escape latency and long retention time at 7, 14 and 28 days (all P<0.01), increased the α7nAChR protein expression, ACh content, and ChAT activity, and decreased AChE activity in MCAO rats (all P<0.01). ECH significantly decreased MDA content and increased the GSH content, SOD, and CAT activities compared with MCAO rats (all P<0.05). ECH suppressed neuronal apoptosis by reducing TUNEL-positive cells and also enhanced autophagy in MCAO rats (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#ECH treatment helped improve cognitive impairment by attenuating neurological damage and enhancing autophagy in MCAO rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acetylcholinesterase , Autophagy , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Cerebral Infarction , Cognitive Dysfunction/drug therapy , Glutathione/metabolism , Glycosides , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/drug therapy , Neuroprotective Agents/therapeutic use , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Stroke/drug therapy , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , alpha7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor
12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 819-824, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956058

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effectiveness of Logistic regression, BP neural network and support vector machine models in the prediction of 30-day risk of readmission in elderly patients with an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to provide a scientific basis for the screening and prevention of high-risk patients with readmission.Methods:The COPD patient survey questionnaire was made, including the general data questionnaire, modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale (mMRC), activities of daily living (ADL), the geriatric depression scale, the mini nutritional assessment-short form (MNA-SF) and COPD assessment test (CAT). Elderly COPD patients were selected from the department of respiratory medicine of 13 general hospitals in Ningxia from April 2019 to August 2020 by convenience sampling method, and they were followed up 30 days after discharge. To explore the risk factors of patient readmission, Logistic regression model, BP neural network model and support vector machine models were constructed based on the risk factors. According to the ratio of the training set to the testing set of 7∶3, the model was divided into the training set sample and the testing set sample. The prediction efficiency of the model was compared by the precision rate, recall rate and accuracy rate, F1 index and the area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC).Results:A total of 1 120 patients were investigated, including 879 non-readmission patients and 241 readmission patients. Univariate regression analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in age, education level, smoking status, proportion of diabetes and coronary heart disease, hospitalization times of acute exacerbation of COPD in the past 1 year, seasonal factors and long-term home oxygen therapy, regular medication, proportion of rehabilitation exercise, course of disease, ADL, depression status, mMRC, nutritional status between non-readmission patients and readmission patients. Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that education level, smoking status, coronary heart disease, hospitalization times of acute exacerbation of COPD in the past 1 year, seasonal factors, whether long-term home oxygen therapy, whether regular medication, nutritional status were the risk factors for 30-day acute exacerbation of readmission in elderly patients with COPD. The training set showed that the accuracy rate of Logistic regression model, BP neural network model and support vector machine models were 70.95%, 76.51% and 84.78%, respectively. The recall rates were 79.55%, 86.36% and 88.64%, respectively. The accuracy rates were 87.81%, 90.81% and 93.82%, respectively. F1 indexes were 0.75, 0.81 and 0.87, respectively. The AUC were 0.850, 0.893 and 0.921, respectively. The testing set showed that the precision rate of Logistic regression model, BP neural network model and support vector machine model were 78.38%, 80.65% and 88.57%, respectively. The recall rates were 70.73%, 60.98% and 75.61%, respectively. The accuracy rates were 85.82%, 84.40% and 90.07%, respectively. F1 indexes were 0.74, 0.69 and 0.82, respectively. The AUC were 0.814, 0.775 and 0.858, respectively.Conclusion:Comparing with Logistic regression and BP neural network, support vector machine model has better prediction effect, and can effectively predict the risk of acute exacerbation of readmission in elderly patients with COPD within 30 days.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2447-2455, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955032

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the best evidence for intermittent pneumatic compression devices in preventing venous thromboembolism for trauma patients.Methods:According to "6S" evidence model, computer evidence retrieval was carried out. Guidelines, clinical decisions, evidence summaries, expert consensuses, and systematic reviews regarding intermittent pneumatic compression in preventing of venous thromboembolism for trauma patients were considered. The retrieval time limit was from the establishment of the database to October 31, 2021. Two researchers independently appraised articles, and extracted data for eligible studies.Results:A total of 21 articles were enrolled, including 13 guidelines, 1 clinical decision, 1 evidence summary, 2 expert consensuses, 4 systematic reviews. Totally 27 items of best evidence were summarized from four aspects: pretherapeutic evaluation, contraindications and applicable conditions, therapeutic strategies, training and education.Conclusions:This study summarized the best evidence of using intermittent pneumatic compression devices to prevent venous thromboembolism for trauma patients, which can provide evidence-based practice bases for nurses to implement scientific and effective standardized management of mechanical thromboprophylaxis. It is necessary to select evidence according to clinical practice and patients ′ wishes, so as to improve the effectiveness of using IPC in preventing thrombosis.

14.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 337-341, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953595

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the active ingredients in the root bark of Aralia echinocaulis. Methods: Three triterpenoid saponins were separated from the 70% ethanol extracts and purified by column chromatography and their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis. Compound 1 and 3 were evaluated for antioxidant activity by the in vitro DPPH free radical scavenging ability and the protective effect of OH

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 137-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920521

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTW) phenotype and abnormal blood pressure in children and adolescents in Yinchuan City, Ningxia, and to provide scientific basis for early identification and prevention of hypertension.@*Methods@#A cluster sampling method was adopted to select 1 566 children and adolescents in Yinchuan. All participants completed questionnaire survey, physical measurement and biochemical examination.@*Results@#In general, after adjusting for age, smoking, drinking, and family history of hypertension, compared with the normal triglyceride normal waist (NWNT) phenotype, the enlarged waist (EW) and HTW phenotypes both increased the risk of abnormal blood pressure ( OR EW =2.62, 95% CI =1.87-3.67; OR HTW =3.97, 95% CI =2.30-6.86); the risk of abnormal blood pressure in boys with EW and HTW phenotypes was that of boys with NTNW phenotype, respectively 3.80 times (95% CI =2.35-6.15) and 3.32 times (95% CI =1.59-6.92) of girls EW and HTW phenotypes. The risk of abnormal blood pressure in girls with EW and HTW phenotypes was that of girls with NTNW phenotype, respectively 1.72 times (95% CI =1.06-2.82) and 4.62 times(95% CI =1.97-10.85).@*Conclusion@#The hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotypes among children and adolescents in Yinchuan is significantly correlated with increased risk of abnormal blood pressure. More attention should be paid to triglyceride level and waist circumference among children and adolescents.

16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 453-458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935307

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between red blood cell folate (RBC folate) and the prognosis of low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 1). Methods: In the married women cohort established in 2014, 564 women with CIN 1 diagnosed by pathology were recruited. The demographic characteristics and factors of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia were collected. Meanwhile, the infection status of human papillomavirus (HPV) was detected by molecular diversion hybridization, and the level of RBC folate was measured by chemical photoimmunoassay. After 24 months of follow-up, pathological examination was performed again to observe the prognosis of participants. The women with reversal were taken as the control group,and those with continuous and progressive CIN 1 were taken as the case group respectively. The relationship between RBC folate and CIN 1 outcome was evaluated by logistic regression model. Results: 453 women completed the follow-up, aged (49.72±6.84) years old. CIN 1 was reversed in 342 women, continued in 58 cases and progressed in 53 cases. The RBC folate level M (Q1,Q3) were 399.01 (307.10, 538.97) ng/ml, 316.98 (184.74, 428.49) ng/ml and 247.14 (170.54, 348.97) ng/ml, respectively. With the decrease of RBC folate, the risk of continuous and progressive CIN 1 increased (all P<0.001), while the risk of reversal CIN 1 decreased gradually (P<0.001). Combined with high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection status, low level of RBC folate could increase the risk of CIN 1 progression regardless of HR-HPV infection (HR-HPV infection: OR=21.34, 95%CI: 3.98-114.54; HR-HPV uninfection: OR=11.15, 95%CI: 2.34-53.13). Conclusion: Low level of RBC folate could increase the risk of CIN 1 persistence and progression regardless of HR-HPV infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alphapapillomavirus , Case-Control Studies , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia , Erythrocytes , Folic Acid , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
17.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 93-101, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929197

ABSTRACT

Inducing durable and effective immunity against severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) via vaccination is essential to combat the current pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). It has been noticed that the strength of anti-COVID-19 vaccination-induced immunity fades over time, which calls for an additional vaccination regime, as known as booster immunization, to restore immunity among previously vaccinated populations. Here we report a pilot open-label trial of a third dose of BBIBP-CorV, an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (Vero cell), on 136 participants aged between 18 to 63 years. Safety and immunogenicity in terms of neutralizing antibody titers and cytokine/chemokine responses were analyzed as the main endpoint until day 28. While systemic reactogenicity was either absent or mild, SARS-CoV-2-specific neutralizing antibody titers rapidly arose in all participants within 4 weeks, surpassing the peak antibody titers elicited by the initial two-dose immunization regime. Broad increases of cellular immunity-associated cytokines and chemokines were also detected in the majority of participants after the third vaccination. Furthermore, in an exploratory study, a newly developed recombinant protein vaccine, NVSI-06-08 (CHO Cells), was found to be safe and even more effective than BBIBP-CorV in eliciting humoral immune responses in BBIBP-CorV-primed individuals. Together, these results indicate that a third immunization schedule with either homologous or heterologous vaccine showed favorable safety profiles and restored potent SARS-CoV-2-specific immunity, providing support for further trials of booster vaccination in larger populations.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , China , Immunogenicity, Vaccine , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 573-579, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942219

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics of primary hyperpara-thyroidism (PHPT) with normocalcemic parathormone elevation (NPE) after surgical treatment, so as to improve the therapeutic ability and standardized post-operative follow-up of PHPT patients.@*METHODS@#Nine patients who were diagnosed with PHPT in the Department of Endocrinology of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from August 2017 to November 2019 were selected as the subjects. They all developed NPE within 6 months after surgical treatment. The clinical features and outcomes were collected and analyzed retrospectively, in addition, the related literature was reviewed.@*RESULTS@#Clinical features: among the 9 patients, 6 were middle-aged and elderly females and 3 were male. The main clinical manifestations were bone pain, kidney stones, nausea and fatigue except for one case of asymptomatic PHPT. Pre-operative examination showed high serum calcium [(3.33±0.48) mmol/L], low serum phosphorus [0.76 (0.74, 0.78) mmol/L], high 24-hour urinary calcium [8.1(7.8, 12.0) mmol/24 h], obviously elevated intact PTH [(546.1±257.7) ng/L], vitamin D deficiency [25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (21.0±5.7) nmol/L]. Serum levels of bone alkaline phosphatase [7 patients 41.3(38.6, 68.4) μg/L, 2 patients >90 μg/L] and N-terminal midcourse osteocalcin (>71.4 μg/L) were significantly elevated. The estimated glomerular filtration rate decreased in 2 patients. Imaging examination: 7 patients had osteoporosis. Renal calculi were found in 3 patients by renal ultrasound. Imaging examination of parathyroid glands found definite lesions in all the patients, including 2 cases of multiple lesions and 7 cases of single lesions.@*TREATMENT AND OUTCOME@#two patients underwent parathyroidectomy, while other patients were treated with microwave thermal ablation. PTH increased 1 month after therapy [(255.0±101.4) ng/L], and no recurrent lesions were found by parathyroid ultrasound. After combined treatment with cal-cium and vitamin D for six months, PTH decreased significantly and the level of serum calcium remained normal at anytime during the follow-up period.@*CONCLUSION@#The occurrence of postoperative NPE may be related to the higher pre-operative PTH, vitamin D deficiency and lower creatinine clearance. However, NPE may not predict recurrent hyperthyroidism or incomplete parathyroidectomy. Adequate calcium and vitamin D supplementation after surgery seems to be beneficial for patients with NPE. Post-operative follow-up of PHPT patients should be standardized to prevent and treat post-operative NPE.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Calcium , China , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroidectomy , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 318-323, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015070

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the guiding role of individualized medication adjustment based on CYP2C19 metabolic typing in the treatment of ischemic stroke with clopidogrel, and to provide reference for clinical individualized medication. METHODS: The total of 80 patients with ischemic stroke were divided into the individualized drug instruction group with gene detection (n=40) and the control group without gene detection (n=40) according to whether they received CYP2C19 gene detection. According to the metabolism of CYP2C19, the individualized medication instruction group was divided into slow metabolic type, intermediate metabolic type, fast metabolic type and ultra-fast metabolic type. Patients with fast and ultra-fast metabolites were given clopidogrel dose of 75 mg once a day. Patients with intermediate metabolic type were given double clopidogrel dose of 150 mg once a day. Patients with slow metabolism were given tigrillo dose of 90 mg twice a day or aspirin dose of 100 mg once a day. The control group received 75 mg clopidogrel once a day. All patients enrolled in the groups were followed up for 3 months by outpatients or telephone. The incidence of vascular events and mRS scale scores were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The incidence of vascular events in the individualized drug instruction group was significantly lower than that in the control group, and the incidence of mRS score(0-1) was significantly higher than that in the control group, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The individualized medication for patients with ischemic stroke by CYP2C19 gene detection can significantly reduce the incidence of adverse vascular events and improve the prognosis and living ability of patients.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1201-1210, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887070

ABSTRACT

In recent years, targeted therapy has become the standard treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but this treatment method has very limited effect on patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 20 insertion (ex20ins) mutation. This insertion mutation is the third most common mutation in EGFR. It shrinks the drug binding pocket and gives tumors inherent resistance to available EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), resulting in the limited efficiency of the first and second generation of EGFR tyrosine. So far, no targeted therapy has been approved for NSCLC patients with EGFR exon 20 insertion mutations, and there are still no drugs that have met clinical needs. In this case, new treatment strategies using new EGFR TKIs or bispecific antibodies may establish new treatment standards for these patients in the future. In this review, we will summarize all relevant exon 20 insertions reported so far on the structure of EGFR and its influence on EGFR inhibitor sensitivity, as well as the treatment strategies of exon 20 insertions in NSCLC patients, hoping to be a clinical treatment for reference.

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