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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993066

ABSTRACT

Radiation skin injury can be induced by medical exposure, occupational exposure, and emergency exposure. Many relevant studies focused on the prevention and treatment of radiation-induced skin injury, but the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been fully clarified. It has been demonstrated that radiation-induced premature cellular senescence is involved in radiation skin injury. To discuss the relationship between radiation-induced premature cellular senescence and radiation-induced skin injury, this paper reviewed the mechanism of radiation-induced skin injury, the promotion of premature cellular senescence and related signal pathways, and the role of premature cellular senescence in wound healing.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986045

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the current situation of anxiety, subjective well-being in occupational population and the mediating effect of resilience. Methods: From March 24th to 26th, 2020, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among occupational population aged ≥18 years old using online questionnaires. A total of 2134 valid questionnaires were obtained, with respondents from 30 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government. Their general demographic data, subjective well-being, anxiety, and resilience were collected. Pearson χ(2) test and Spearson correlation analysis were used for data analysis, and structural equation model was used to explore the mediating effect of resilience on anxiety and subjective well-being. Results: The age of the respondents ranged from 18 to 60 years old, with an average age of (31.19±7.09) years old, including 1075 (50.4%) women and 1059 (49.6%) men. The positive rates of low subjective well-being and anxiety were 46.5% (992/2134) and 28.4% (607/2134), respectively. Anxiety scores were significantly negatively correlated with subjective well-being scores and resilience scores (r(s)=-0.52, -0.41, P<0.05), while resilience was significantly positively correlated with subjective well-being (r(s)=0.32, P<0.05). Structural equation models showed that anxiety had a negative predictive effect on subjective well-being, while resilience not only had a positive predictive effect on subjective well-being, but also played a mediating role between anxiety and subjective well-being, with a mediating effect of 9.9%. Conclusion: The situation of anxiety and well-being in the occupational population is still not optimistic, and resilience has a mediating effect between anxiety and subjective well-being.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Resilience, Psychological , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 469-482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965609

ABSTRACT

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) medicines have strong therapeutic potential for numerous rare genetic illnesses and malignancies because of its exact programmability based on Watson-Crick base pairing principle and unique ability to regulate gene expression. However, RNA medicines still have limitations in many areas, including stability, half-life time, immunogenicity, organ selectivity, cellular uptake and endosomal escape efficiency despite their great therapeutic potentials. This review briefly introduced numerous RNA medications [mostly messenger RNA (mRNA), small interfering RNA (siRNA), microRNA (miRNA) and antisense oligonucleotide (ASO)] that have intrigued of researchers in recent years, as well as their action mechanism in vivo. A number of delivery techniques, such as chemical modification, ligands coupling and nanocarriers have been proposed. The manufacture and applications of lipid nanoparticle, polymer nanoparticle and exosomes were discussed in depth. The goal of this work is to give a theoretical foundation and design concepts for the development of effective and safe RNA delivery technology, as well as to facilitate RNA therapeutic clinical translation.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3008-3026, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982902

ABSTRACT

Many efforts have been made to understand excitotoxicity and develop neuroprotectants for the therapy of ischemic stroke. The narrow treatment time window is still to be solved. Given that the ischemic core expanded over days, treatment with an extended time window is anticipated. Bestrophin 1 (BEST1) belongs to a bestrophin family of calcium-activated chloride channels. We revealed an increase in neuronal BEST1 expression and function within the peri-infarct from 8 to 48 h after ischemic stroke in mice. Interfering the protein expression or inhibiting the channel function of BEST1 by genetic manipulation displayed neuroprotective effects and improved motor functional deficits. Using electrophysiological recordings, we demonstrated that extrasynaptic glutamate release through BEST1 channel resulted in delayed excitotoxicity. Finally, we confirmed the therapeutic efficacy of pharmacological inhibition of BEST1 during 6-72 h post-ischemia in rodents. This delayed treatment prevented the expansion of infarct volume and the exacerbation of neurological functions. Our study identifies the glutamate-releasing BEST1 channel as a potential therapeutic target against ischemic stroke with a wide time window.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the recovery characteristics of T cell subsets in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) who received haploid hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT) and its relationship with acute graft-versus-host disease(aGVHD).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 29 SAA patients who received haploid hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the department of hematology, Shanxi Bethune Hospital from June 2018 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The absolute counts of CD3+T, CD4+T, CD8+T lymphocytes and the ratio of CD4+T/CD8+T lymphocytes in all patients before transplantation, 14, 21, 30, 60, 90 and 120 days after transplantation were analyzed. The proportion of T lymphocytes was compared in the non-aGVHD group, the grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ aGVHD group and the grade III-IV aGVHD group.@*RESULTS@#The counts of all T cells in 27 patients were far below the normal level at 14 and 21 days after transplantation, but there was obvious heterogeneity. There was a certain relationship between T cell immune reconstitution and conditioning regimen, age, and immunosuppressive treatment before transplantation. CD3+T cells showed a steady upward trend at 30, 60, 90, and 120 days after transplantation, and returned to the normal levels at 120 days after transplantation; faster recovery of CD4+T cells was closely related to aGVHD, which was at 30, 60, 90, 120 days after transplantation showed a slow upward trend, and which was still far below the normal level of 120 days after transplantation. CD8+T cell counts began to recover at 14 and 21 days after transplantation, and the recovery was earlier than the CD4+T cells, and its recovery speed was rapid 30 and 60 days after transptantation, which showed an upward trend and exceeded the normal levels 90 days after transplantation. Since CD8+ T cells reconstituted quickly, while the CD4+ T cells reconstitution was slowly, which made the long-term CD4+T/CD8+T cell ratio after transplantation was inverted . Compared with the non-aGVHD group, the absolute counts of CD3+T, CD4+T, and CD8+T cells in the aGVHD group were significantly higher than those in the non-aGVHD group at each time period after transplantation. In the aGVHD group, grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD occurred more frequently in the early post-transplantation period (within 14-21 days), the grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ aGVHD group mostly occurred within 30-90 days after transplantation, and CD3+T, CD4+T, CD8+T cell counts in the grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD group were significantly higher than those in the grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ aGVHD group; and the greater the proportion of CD4+T, the more severe the degree of aGVHD.@*CONCLUSION@#The speed of T cell immune reconstitution after SAA haploid transplantation is different, which is related to the conditioning regimen, age, and immunosuppressive therapy before transplantation. The rapid recovery of CD4+ T cells is closely related to the occurrence of aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Retrospective Studies , Haploidy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a risk prediction model for severe adenovirus pneumonia (AVP) in children, and to explore the appropriate timing for intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy for severe AVP.@*METHODS@#Medical data of 1 046 children with AVP were retrospectively analyzed, and a risk prediction model for severe AVP was established using multivariate logistic regression. The model was validated with 102 children with AVP. Then, 75 children aged ≤14 years who were considered at risk of developing severe AVP by the model were prospectively enrolled and divided into three groups (A, B and C) in order of visit, with 25 children in each group. Group A received symptomatic supportive therapy only. With the exception of symptomatic supportive therapy, group B received IVIG treatment at a dose of 1g/(kg·d) for 2 consecutive days, before progressing to severe AVP. With the exception of symptomatic supportive therapy, group C received IVIG treatment at a dose of 1 g/(kg·d) for 2 consecutive days after progressing to severe AVP. Efficacy and related laboratory indicators were compared among the three groups after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Age<18.5 months, underlying diseases, fever duration >6.5 days, hemoglobin level <84.5 g/L, alanine transaminase level >113.5 U/L, and co-infection with bacteria were the six variables that entered into the risk prediction model for severe AVP. The model had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.862, sensitivity of 0.878, and specificity of 0.848. The Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed good consistency between the predicted values and the actual observations (P>0.05). After treatment, group B had the shortest fever duration and hospital stay, the lowest hospitalization costs, the highest effective rate of treatment, the lowest incidence of complications, the lowest white blood cell count and interleukin (IL)-1, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10 levels, and the highest level of tumor necrosis factor alpha (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk model for severe AVP established in this study has good value in predicting the development of severe AVP. IVIG therapy before progression to severe AVP is more effective in treating AVP in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Adenoviridae Infections/drug therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Adenoviridae
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957688

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report a case of combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 28 (COXPD28) in China, identified the pathogenic mutation and explored the pathogenic mechanism preliminarily.Methods:The clinical characteristics of a patient with COXPD28 were retrospectively analyzed and the pathogenic mutations were identified by mitochondrial gene sequencing and whole exome sequencing. The wild-type and mutant plasmids of pathogenic genes were constructed, and effect of mutation on protein expression by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and Western blot were evaluated. Statistical methods mainly used one-way ANOVA and LSD test.Results:A 21 year old female patient presented with lactic acid poisoning due to repeated chest distress and wheezing since childhood. The sequencing of the whole exon group gene found that solute carrier family 25 member 26 (SLC25A26) gene had a compound heterozygous mutation (c.34G>C, p.A12P; c.197C>A, p.A66E), which was the first report in China. In vitro function test showed that the expression levels of SLC25A26 mRNA and S-adenosylmethionine carrier (SAMC) protein in cells transfected with SLC25A26 mutant plasmid were significantly lower than those transfected with wild type plasmid. The p.A66E mutant plasmid reduced the expression level of SLC25A26 mRNA and SAMC protein to 6% and 26% of wild type plasmids respectively (both P<0.001), while p.A12P mutant plasmid decreased to 62% and 82% of wild type plasmids respectively ( P<0.001, P=0.044). When the double mutant (p.A66E+p.A12P) plasmids were co-transfected, the expression levels of SLC25A26 mRNA and SAMC protein decreased to 47% and 57% of the wild type plasmids, respectively ( P<0.001, P=0.001). Conclusion:The pathogenic mutation gene of this patient with COXPD28 is SLC25A26 gene mutation (p.A66E, p.A12P), which causes the decrease of SLC25A26 expression level, mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation dysfunction, and induces COXPD28.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 343-349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the roles of resveratrol in reducing neuroinflammation and improving neurobehavioral functions after germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH) in neonatal rat model.Methods:GMH model was established intraparenchymally injecting bacterial collagenase in 7-day-old SD rats. 108 rats were randomly assigned into 18 groups (6 in each group), including 4 sham groups, GMH (12 h, 24 h, 72 h, 7 d) groups, 3 GMH+vehicle (dimethylsulfoxide, DMSO) groups, 5 GMH+resveratrol (10 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg, 1 000 mg/kg) groups and 2 GMH+resveratrol+EX527 (SIRT1 inhibitor) groups. Negative geotaxis and righting reflex tests were used to evaluate the short-term neurobehavior. Water maze, foot fault and Rotor-Rod tests were used to assess the long-term neurobehavior. Immunofluorescence was used to quantify the IL-1β and MPO positive cells (inflammatory markers) in peri-hematoma area. Western blot was used to evaluate the expression of relevant proteins in the brain.Results:Endogenous sirtuin-1(SIRT1) decreased to the lowest level at 24 h and then increased gradually. Phosphorylated NF-κB increased at 12 h, peaked at 72 h and returned to normal level at 7 d after GMH. Compared with the control group and other doses groups, GMH treated with resveratrol (100 mg/kg) had higher short-term behavioral scores at 48 h and 72 h. Compared with the control group, the resveratrol (100 mg/kg) group also had higher scores in water maze, foot fault and Rotor-Rod tests 22 days later. Immunofluorescence showed less positive IL-1β and MPO cells around hematoma in GMH+resveratrol group than both GMH+vehicle group and GMH+resveratrol+EX527 group. Western blot indicated that IL-1, TNF-α and IL-6 expressions were decreased in GMH+resveratrol group and Ex527 could offset the effects of resveratrol.Conclusions:Resveratrol (optimal dose: 100 mg/kg) can improve the short-term and long-term neurobehavioral functions of neonatal GMH rats. It can reduce GMH cells with positive inflammatory markers around the hematoma, possibly via inhibition of the SIRT1/NF-κB pathway. Resveratrol may be promising for the treatment of GMH patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933423

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between insulin resistance and alterations in gut microbiota using the animal model of insulin resistance(eLtaS transgenic mice).Methods:Glucose tolerance was measured in eLtaS trans mice and wild-type (WT) mice. Faecal samples of mice were collected for metagenomics and 16S rDNA sequencing. Alterations of gut microbiota in eLtaS trans mice were further analyzed. Faeces from eLtaS trans mice were transplanted into WT mice by " dirty cage" sharing experiment, and glucose tolerance of mice was measured at different time points after transplantation. Results:Significant differences in composition and function of gut microbiota were observed between eLtaS trans mice and WT mice( P=0.028). Compared with WT mice, the diversity of gut microbiota in eLtaS trans mice increased evidently, moreover the relative abundance of Phylum Firmicutes in eLtaS trans mice significantly increased( P<0.001). However, the relative abundance of Phylum Bacteroides and Phylum Verrucomicrobia decreased visibly( P=0.042, P=0.033). The relative abundance of Akkermansia muciniphila and Parabacterides distasonis related to metabolic diseases decreased significantly in eLtaS trans mice( P=0.033, P=0.013). The gut microbiota of eLtaS trans mice was clearly different from that of WT mice in carbohydrate metabolism, lipid metabolism, biosynthesis of other secondary metabolites, metabolism of other amino acids, energy production and transformation. The glucose tolerance of WT mice was impaired at 7th, 8th and 9th week after faecal transplantation, and recovered at 1 week after cessation of faecal transplantation. Conclusion:Insulin resistance leads to obvious changes of gut microbiota in mice, meanwhile the gut microbiota of insulin resistance mice can further induce impaired glucose tolerance.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932567

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of CPT1A and CPT1B protein expression in rat intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6) after 60Co γ-ray irradiation, and the mechanism of the influence of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1) on the proliferation of irradiated IEC-6 cells. Methods:IEC-6 cells were cultured in serum-normal medium or in serum-starved medium overnight, and pretreated with 20 μmol/L palmitic acid (PA) before irradiation with 0, 5, 10, and 15 Gy. At 24 h after irradiation, the cellular protein was collected for the measurement of CPT1A and CPT1B proteins by Western blot. The influences of ETO, an inhibitor of CPT1, on the survival and proliferation of irradiated IEC-6 cells were analyzed by colony formation assay and CCK-8 assay. The protein expressions and phosphorylation levels of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in 5 Gy irradiated IEC-6 cells pre-treated with ETO were analyzed by Western blot at 48 h after radiation.Results:When IEC-6 cells were cultured in serum-normal medium together with PA, the protein level of CPT1A was significantly increased after 15 Gy irradiation ( t=-2.82, P<0.05). When IEC-6 cells were cultured in serum-starved medium, the protein level of CPT1A was significantly increased at 5, 10, and 15 Gy ( t=-3.28, -8.72, -8.67, P<0.05). When IEC-6 cells were cultured in serum-starved medium together with PA, the protein levels of CPT1A were significantly increased at 5, 10 and 15 Gy ( t=-10.69, -7.02, -8.23, P<0.05), the protein levels of CPT1B were significantly increased at 10 and 15 Gy ( t=-3.73, -5.05, P<0.05). After irradiation, the survival and proliferation of IEC-6 cells in ETO group were significantly lower than those in control group ( t=5.46, 13.22, P<0.05), and the protein level of ERK1/2 and p-JNK in ETO group were significantly lower than those in control group ( t=4.01, 3.29, 10.68, 14.44, P<0.05). Conclusions:CPT1 promoted radiation-induced IEC-6 injury cells survival and proliferation by enhancing the expression level of ERK1/2 protein and the activity of JNK.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930363

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the differences of the clinical characteristics and laboratory indexes in children with positive dense fine spot (DFS) type anti-nuclear antibody, and thereby to explore the value of positive DFS in the diagnosis of immunological diseases.Methods:Among 9 613 cases who were routinely tested for antinuclear antibody (ANA) from August 2017 to February 2020, there were 197 cases with DFS positive, who were subjected to a retrospective analysis.These patients were divided into the autoimmune diseases (AID) group (39 cases) and the non-AID group (158 cases) according to clinical diagnosis.Healthy children in the same physical examination were used as healthy control group (40 cases). T test was applied to analyze the differences of humoral immunity markers between AID and non-AID groups.What′s more, DFS positive patients in different clinical departments, initial symptom and the part of body were further compared. Results:Among 9 613 children tested for autoantibodies, 2 654 (27.61%) were ANA positive, with the highest detection rate of the spotted type and 197 DFS positive cases, accoun-ting for 7.42% of ANA positive children; 97 DFS positive male patients accounted for 8.20% (97/1 183 case) of ANA positive male patients, 100 DFS positive female patients accounted for 6.80% (100/1 471 cases) of ANA positive female patients, and there was no significant difference in the positive rate.The departments with high positive ANA detection included the nephrology department (27.88%) and the rheumatology department (24.83%). The departments with a higher ANA positive rate in DFS positive children included the gastroenterology department (13.25%) and the infectious department (11.76%). Among the children with DFS antibody positive, 39 cases had AID, among which 38 cases had organ-specific AID, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) had the highest detection rate in 13 cases.The diseases with a high DFS positive rate in 158 non-AID cases included allergic purpura (46 cases). Serum immunoglobulin (IgG) level in the AID group was significantly lower than this in the non-AID group, serum IgM and C 4 levels in AID children were significantly lower than those in the non-AID group and healthy control group, and the serum IgA level of DFS positive group was significantly higher than that of children in the healthy control group.All children with DFS antibody positive had no specific autoantibodies. Conclusions:DFS antibody positive is important for the diagnosis of systemic AID in children.The combined detection with the DFS, other autoimmunity antibody index, humoral immune function index contributes to the early differential diagnosis of autoimmune diseases in children.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928893

ABSTRACT

This study introduced the current testing content and standards of ECG medical electronic instruments, combined with actual clinical needs, and discussed the comprehensive verification and evaluation protocol for ECG medical electronic instruments. The protocol mainly includes hardware performance testing, automatic diagnostic function testing and clinical application evaluation. The protocol emphasizes the clinical practicality and importance of the comprehensive verification and evaluation program, and provides a reference for the institutions involved in the program.


Subject(s)
Electrocardiography , Electronics, Medical , Reference Standards
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880457

ABSTRACT

This study established a rapid ECG screening system through the application of wearable ECG equipment. The closed-loop and self-service process of ECG inspection, data collection, transmission and printing have been realized. The new rapid ECG screening system docking with HIS system in the hospital, forming a new intelligent mode of rapid ECG screening. This paper introduces the design of the intelligent mode of ECG rapid screening from the aspects of hardware, software, wearable ECG examination equipment, and briefly describes its implementation path and technical scheme. With the rapid ECG screening system, human power can be saved, the timeliness of ECG examination can be enhanced. The level of ECG diagnosis in the basic units can be improved through building a multiple medical centers which is rely on the cloud platform.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electrocardiography , Equipment Design , Research , Software , Wearable Electronic Devices
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism and regulatory effects of melatonin on UVB-induced melanin synthesis in human immortalized keratinocytes (HaCaT), so as to provide a theoretical basis for the skin protection of melatonin.Methods:HaCaT cells were pretreated with 10 -5 mol/L melatonin and then irradiated with 80 mJ/cm 2UVB. The melanin content was detected by NaOH assay, the proportion of premature senescence cells was detected by β-galactosidase staining kit, and the protein expression levels of both p53 and tyrosinase (TYR) were detected by Western blot at 72 h after UVB exposure. After 12 h pretreatment of ATM/ATR inhibitor, p53 inhibitor and melatonin, the proportion of premature senescence and the change of melanin content in HaCaT cells were detected at 72 h after 80 mJ/cm 2 UVB irradiation. Results:Melatonin inhibited UVB-induced increases of melanin content ( t=56.65, 13.39, P<0.05) and TYR expression ( t=16.46, P<0.05) in HaCaT cells. Melatonin alleviated UVB-induced premature senescence ( t=7.139, P<0.05) and inhibited UVB-induced increase of p53 expression ( t=19.08, P<0.05) in HaCaT cells. In addition, ATM/ATR inhibitor, p53 inhibitor and melatonin all inhibited UVB-induced increase of melanin content in HaCaT cells. Conclusions:Melatonin inhibits TYR-mediated melanin synthesis by regulating p53-related premature senescence in HaCaT cells after UVB irradiation.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Qigesan on the proliferation and apoptosis of the human esophageal cancer cell EC9706, and the effect on miR-133a/protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. Method:The effective constituent of Qigesan was extracted by ethyl acetate. Thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide(MTT) colorimetric assay was used to determine the dosage of Qigesan on cells and to detect the effect of Qigesan on the proliferation of EC9706 cells. The effect of Qigesan on apoptosis of EC9706 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The effect of Qigesan on miR-133a and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor(IGF-1R) mRNA expression was detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) . The protein expression of Akt and mTOR in EC9706 cells was detected by Western blot. Result:Qigesan can inhibit the proliferation of EC9706 cells in a dose-dependent manner(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Inhibitory concentrations 30% inhibition concentration(IC<sub>30</sub>) 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> and median inhibition concentration(IC<sub>50</sub>) 80 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> were selected for follow-up experiments. Compared with the blank group, both the inhibitor group and the combination drug group can inhibit the proliferation of EC9706 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The inhibitor at 0.25 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> was selected for subsequent experiments. Compared with the blank group, Qigesan 80 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> dose group could significantly promote the late apoptosis rate and total apoptosis rate of EC9706 cells(<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> dose group could significantly promote the late apoptosis rate of EC9706 cells(<italic>P</italic><0.05), which shows synergistic effect after concomitant use with Akt/mTOR inhibitor(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the blank control group, each group can effectively increase expression of miR-133a(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The combination of inhibitor and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has obvious promotion effect. Compared with blank control group, the expressions of Akt and mTOR were significantly decreased in each group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with single medication, the expressions of Akt and mTOR were decreased in combination of inhibitor and TCM group. Conclusion:Qigesan can inhibit the growth of EC9706 cells and promote apoptosis, and its inhibitory mechanism may be related to the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway by regulating the expression of miR-133a.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885977

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of herb-partitioned moxibustion (HPM) on tight junctions (TJs) of intestinal epithelial cells in Crohn disease (CD) mediated by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)-myosin-light- chain kinase (MLCK) pathway. Methods: Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a normal control (NC) group, a model control (MC) group, an HPM group and a mesalazine (MESA) group, with 12 rats in each group. Trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) was administered to establish CD models. When the model was confirmed a success, the HPM group rats were treated with HPM at Tianshu (ST 25) and Qihai (CV 6), while the MESA group rats were given MESA solution by lavage. When the intervention finished, the colonic epithelial tissues were separated, purified and cultured in each group to establish the intestinal epithelial barrier model in vitro, and TNF-α was added (100 ng/mL) in the culture medium and maintained for 24 h to establish an increased epithelial permeability model. Transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) was used to examine the permeability of the barrier; Western blot was used to observe the expressions of the proteins related to TJs of intestinal epithelial cells mediated by TNF-α-NF-κB-MLCK pathway; immunofluorescence staining was used to observe the expressions and distributions of tight junction proteins in the intestinal epithelium. Results: After TNF-α induction, compared with the MC+TNF-α group, the TEER value increased significantly in the HPM+TNF-α and MESA+TNF-α groups (both P<0.001); the expressions of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65, MLCK, myosin light chain (MLC), tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and receptor interaction protein-1 (RIP1) decreased significantly (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and the expression of zinc finger protein A20 (A20) increased significantly (P<0.01); the expressions of occludin, claudin-1, zonula occludens protein 1 (ZO-1) and F-actin also increased significantly (all P<0.01). Compared with the MESA+TNF-α group, the expressions of MLC, occludin, claudin-1, ZO-1 and F-actin increased significantly in the HPM+TNF-α group (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusion: HPM can protect or repair the damage of intestinal epithelial barrier in CD rats, which may be achieved through modulating the abnormal TJs in intestinal epithelium mediated by TNF-α-NF-κB-MLCK pathway.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885144

ABSTRACT

To assess the correlation between thyroid function and glucolipid metabolism in type 1 diabetic adults. A retrospective analysis was conducted in 230 type 1 diabetic adults who were hospitalized in the Department of Endocrinology of Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from January 2008 to January 2020. It showed that thyroid stimulating hormone(TSH) was significantly positively correlated with total cholesterol (TC) ( r=0.239), triglycerides (TG) ( r=0.166) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ( r=0.249), respectively (all P<0.05). Free triiodothyronine (FT 3) was significantly negatively correlated with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ( r=-0.272), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ( r=-0.240), TC ( r=-0.197) and LDL-C ( r=-0.220), respectively (all P<0.05). Free thyroxine (FT 4) was negatively correlated with TC ( r=-0.171) and LDL-C ( r=-0.170), respectively (all P<0.05). TC was an independent predictor of TSH, FT 3 and FT 4, FT 3 and FT 4 were independent predictors of HbA1c. TSH was an independent predictor of TC, TG and LDL-C. Thyroid function is closely related to glucolipid metabolism in type 1 diabetic adults.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1582-1588, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922299

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#The clinical data of 53 COVID-19 patients were collected from a single center in Wuhan from February 8, 2020 to March 25, 2020. The patients were divided into severe type group (38 patients) and critical type group (15 patients). The clinical characteristics, indexes of liver function, coagulation function and inflammatory markers were analyzed retrospectively. According to the degree of abnormal liver function in the process of diagnosis and treatment, the patients were divided into three groups: combined liver injury, mild abnormal liver function and normal liver function group. Statistical analysis was performed by using Student t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#Among the 53 patients, 29 were male (54.7%) and 24 were female (45.3%), the median age was 57(27-80) years old. The time from onset to admission was (11.5±7.7) days. The levels of AST, TBIL, DBIL, ALP, GGT, LDH, D-dimer, PCT and hsCRP in critical patients were higher than those in severe patients (P<0.05). The levels of Alb in critical patients was lower than those in severe patients (P<0.05). Among the 53 patients, 34 (64%) patients showed abnormal elevation of ALT, AST or TBIL, while 4 (7.5%) patients showed the criteria of COVID-19 with liver injury. After the patients were grouping according to the degree of liver dysfunction, the levels of ALP, GGT and D-dimer of the patients in the liver injury group were significantly higher than those in the normal liver function group, D-dimer levels of the patients in the liver injury group was significantly higher than those in the mild abnormal liver function group, while the levels of ALP and GGT in the mild abnormal liver function group were significantly higher than those in the normal liver function group, and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In this group, the patients with COVID-19 severe/critical type have a certain proportion of liver injury accompanied by significantly increased D-dimer levels, critical type patients have more severe liver function and coagulation dysfunction, which may promote the progression of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Coagulation Disorders , COVID-19 , Liver , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of penetrating moxibustion on migraine without aura (MO) patients.@*METHODS@#Totally 60 MO patients from the Acupuncture Clinic of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Chinese Medicine were collected from November 2015 to February 2017. All patients were assigned to a treatment group and a control group using a random number table, 30 cases in each group. The treatment group was treated with penetrating moxibustion, and the control group was treated with mild moxibustion, thrice a week for 4 consecutive weeks. The total effective rate, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores, headache intensity, and Migraine Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MSQ) scores of patients after treatment were compared between the two groups. The moxibustion sensation and reaction after moxibustion were observed, and the adverse reactions were evaluated. All patients were followed up at 4 and 16 weeks after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than that of the control group (93.33% vs. 80.00%, P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Penetrating moxibustion can significantly relieve pain and improve quality of life of MO patients. After penetrating moxibustion, flushing and sweating of patients were obvious, and the curative effect was superior to the mild moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Migraine without Aura/therapy , Moxibustion/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
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