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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 85-97, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913171

ABSTRACT

The development of nanotechnology has made it possible to develop safe, efficient, precise and controllable drug delivery system (DDS). Among them, organic or inorganic synthetic nanocarriers have been widely reported and used for the delivery of tumor therapeutic agents. However, some of carriers have several problems, such as easily eliminated by the body's immune system, difficult to preparation or poor safety in vivo. In recent years, with the development of biomedicine, biomimetic technology based biomembrane-mediated nanodrug delivery has organically integrated the low immunogenicity of natural biomembrane, cancer targeting, and the controllable and multifunctional of smart nanocarrier design. It will achieve a new breakthrough of nanotechnology in cancer targeted therapy. Based on the recent advances of cell membrane-derived biomimetic nanotechnology and the nanomedicine in the field of cancer therapy, this review discusses the three aspects including the experimental basis of cell membrane-derived biomimetic nanotechnology, the classification of biomimetic nanodrug delivery platforms, and the application in cancer targeted therapy. Therefore, the review will provide reference for the design of smart drug delivery system and its development in cancer targeted treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927993

ABSTRACT

Amyloid β-protein(Aβ) deposition in the brain is directly responsible for neuronal mitochondrial damage of Alzheimer's disease(AD) patients. Mitophagy, which removes damaged mitochondria, is a vital mode of neuron protection. Ginsenoside Rg_1(Rg_1), with neuroprotective effect, has displayed promising potential for AD treatment. However, the mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effect of Rg_1 has not been fully elucidated. The present study investigated the effects of ginsenoside Rg_(1 )on the autophagy of PC12 cells injured by Aβ_(25-35) to gain insight into the neuroprotective mechanism of Rg_1. The autophagy inducer rapamycin and the autophagy inhi-bitor chloroquine were used to verify the correlation between the neuroprotective effect of Rg_1 and autophagy. The results showed that Rg_1 enhanced the viability and increased the mitochondrial membrane potential of Aβ-injured PC12 cells, while these changes were blocked by chloroquine. Furthermore, Rg_(1 )treatment increased the LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ protein ratio, promoted the depletion of p62 protein, up-regulated the protein levels of PINK1 and parkin, and reduced the amount of autophagy adaptor OPTN, which indicated the enhancement of autophagy. After the silencing of PINK1, a key regulatory site of mitophagy, Rg_1 could not increase the expression of PINK1 and parkin or the amount of NDP52, whereas it can still increase the LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ protein ratio and promote the depletion of OPTN protein which indicated the enhancement of autophagy. Collectively, the results of this study imply that Rg_1 can promote autophagy of PC12 cells injured by Aβ, and may reduce Aβ-induced mitochondrial damage by promoting PINK1-dependent mitophagy, which may be one of the key mechanisms of its neuroprotective effect.


Subject(s)
Amyloid beta-Peptides/toxicity , Animals , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Humans , Mitophagy/physiology , PC12 Cells , Protein Kinases/metabolism , Rats , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927983

ABSTRACT

Farnesyl diphosphate synthase(FPPS) is a key enzyme at the branch point of the sesquiterpene biosynthetic pathway, but there are no reports on the transcriptional regulation of FPPS promoter in Pogostemon cabin. In the early stage of this study, we obtained the binding protein PcFBA-1 of FPPS gene promoter in P. cabin. In order to explore the possible mechanism of PcFBA-1 involved in the regulation of patchouli alcohol biosynthesis, this study performed PCR-based cloning and sequencing analysis of PcFBA-1, analyzed the expression patterns of PcFBA-1 in different tissues by fluorescence quantitative PCR and its subcellular localization using the protoplast transformation system, detected the binding of PcFBA-1 protein to the FPPS promoter in vitro with the yeast one-hybrid system, and verified its transcriptional regulatory function by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. The findings demonstrated that the cloned PcFBA-1 had an open reading frame(ORF) of 1 131 bp, encoding a protein of 376 amino acids, containing two conserved domains named F-box-like superfamily and FBA-1 superfamily, and belonging to the F-box family. Moreover, neither signal peptide nor transmembrane domain was contained, implying that it was an unstable hydrophilic protein. In addition, as revealed by fluorescence quantitative PCR results, PcFBA-1 had the highest expression in leaves, and there was no significant difference in expression in roots or stems. PcFBA-1 protein was proved mainly located in the cytoplasm. Furthermore, yeast one-hybrid screening and dual-luciferase reporter gene assay showed that PcFBA-1 was able to bind to FPPS promoter both in vitro and in vivo to enhance the activity of FPPS promoter. In summary, this study identifies a new transcription factor PcFBA-1 in P. cabin, which directly binds to the FPPS gene promoter to enhance the promoter activity. This had laid a foundation for the biosynthesis of patchouli alcohol and other active ingre-dients and provided a basis for metabolic engineering and genetic improvement of P. cabin.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Cloning, Molecular , Geranyltranstransferase/genetics , Pogostemon , Transcription Factors/genetics
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922412

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of surgical treatment on prognosis in preterm infants with obstructive hydrocephalus.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 49 preterm infants with obstructive hydrocephalus. According to the treatment regimen, they were divided into two groups: surgical treatment (@*RESULTS@#Among the 49 preterm infants with obstructive hydrocephalus, severe intracranial hemorrhage (37 cases; 76%) and central nervous system infection (10 cases, 20%) were the main causes of hydrocephalus. There was no significant difference in the composition of etiology between the two groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Surgical treatment can improve the survival rate of preterm infants with obstructive hydrocephalus and the prognosis of preterm infants with severe intracranial hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Hemorrhage , Humans , Hydrocephalus/surgery , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876715

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics of Oncomelania hupensis in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, so as to provide insights into the assessment of the risk of schistosomiasis transmission and the scientific formulation of the schistosomiasis surveillance strategy. Methods From 2015 to 2019, a total of 19 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites were assigned in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, including 4 fixed sites and 15 mobile sites. Snail survey was performed by means of systematic sampling in combination with environmental sampling, and the infection of Schistosoma japonicum was detected by the crushing method combined with loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay. Results From 2015 to 2019, snail habitats were detected at areas of 17 040 to 39 527 m2, including 6 214 m2 emerging snail habitats and 16 563 m2 re-emerging snail habitats. The overall mean density of living snails was 0.019 2 snails/0.1 m2 and the occurrence of frames with snails was 1.11% in the national schistosomiasis surveillance sites; however, no S. japonicum infection was identified in snails. The area of snail habitats increased by 121.46% in the national surveillance sites in 2019 as compared to that in 2015; however, 50.34% (Z = −0.422, P > 0.05) and 42.85% (χ2 = 130.41, P < 0.01) reductions were seen in the overall means density of living snails and the occurrence of frames with snails. All snail habitats were distributed in the 4 fixed surveillance sites, and were mainly found in ditches, paddy fields and dry lands, with weeds as the primary vegetation type. Conclusions There are still risk factors leading to re-emergent transmission of schistosomiasis in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, such as local snail spread, and the monitoring of schistosomiasis remains to be reinforced to further consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis elimination in the region.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905830

ABSTRACT

Objective:This studu aims to investigate the effect of aqueous extract of modified Xiao Xianxiongtang on the epithelial mesenchymal transition(EMT) and the change of its invasion and migration ability of human gastric cancer MGC-803 cells mediated by transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>(TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>),and to explore the mechanism of regulating Wnt5a/Ca<sup>2+</sup>/ activated T-cell nuclear factor(NFAT) signaling pathway to inhibit EMT and invasion and metastasis of MGC-803 cells. Method:TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>(10 μg·L<sup>-1</sup>)was used to induce EMT and the invasion and metastasis model of human gastric cancer MGC-803 cells. Transwell chamber experiment, scratchhealing experiment, Western blot and immunofluorescence assay were used to detect cell invasion and migration ability, expression of EMT marker protein and key protein expression of Wnt5a/Ca<sup>2+</sup>/NFAT signaling pathway, and intracellular Ca<sup>2+</sup> concentration. Result:Compared with the blank group, TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> could significantly enhance the invasion and migration ability of MGC-803 cells(<italic>P</italic><0.01), down-regulate the level of E-cadherin(<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulate protein expressions of N-cadherin, Snail and Vimentin(<italic>P</italic><0.01), and induce cell Wnt5a, calcineurin (CaN), total protein of activated T-cell nuclear factor 1(NFAT1), up-regulation of phosphorylated proteins p-NFAT1 and NFAT1 nucleoprotein and intracellular accumulation of Ca<sup>2+</sup>(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> group, modified Xiao Xianxiongtang (10, 20, 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) could significantly inhibit this phenomenon,and 40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> had the best effect(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01).The specific inhibitors of Wnt5a/Ca<sup>2+</sup>/NFAT signaling pathway (<italic>R</italic>)-(+)-Bay-K-8644 and modified Xiao Xianxiongtang (40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) could significantly inhibit theinvasion and migration of MGC-803 cells mediated by TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, up-regulate the level of E-cadherin, and down-regulate expressions of N-cadherin, Snail, Vimentin, Wnt5a, CaN and NFAT1 proteins and reduce the intracellular accumulation of Ca<sup>2+</sup>(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01).Moreover, (<italic>R</italic>)-(+)-Bay-K-8644 combined with modified Xiao Xianxiongtang (40 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) had stronger inhibitory effect(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:These results suggest that modified Xiao Xianxiongtang can inhibit the EMT mediated by TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> via Wnt5a/Ca<sup>2+</sup>/NFAT signaling pathway,thereby reducing the invasion and migration ability of MGC-803 cells.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1175-1180, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of high dose methotrexate (HD-MTX), temozolomide (TMZ), and rituximab (R) in the treatment of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of patients with PCNSL diagnosed and treated in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from February 2010 to May 2017 were collected. First, patients were given 6-8 cycles of MTX (3.5 g/m@*RESULTS@#There were 42 patients enrolled in the study, 17 cases in HD-MTX+TMZ group and 25 cases in HD-MTX+TMZ+R group. The median PFS and OS times in HD-MTX+TMZ+R group were 56.7 months and N/A, respectively, while, 7.3 months and 34.7 months in HD-MTX+TMZ group, respectively. In addition, there was no significant difference in median survival between patients who received TMZ maintenance therapy and those who were only actively monitored. During the induction period, all the patients had grade 1-2 nausea and vomiting, while in the consolidation treatment period, no grade 3/4 toxicity was observed.@*CONCLUSION@#The combination of HD-MTX+TMZ+R in the treatment of PCNSL patients shows a definite short-term effect, which can increase the survival rate of the patients. The side effects are mild, and the patients can generally tolerate.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Central Nervous System , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/drug therapy , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Temozolomide/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887893

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the performance of mobile health platform for standardized management of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM). Methods A randomized controlled trial was conducted,in which 295 women with GDM were randomized into two groups(traditional management group and mobile health management group)by a computer-generated sequence.The traditional management group accepted standardized GDM management,and the mobile health management group was supplemented by mobile health management based on the standardized management.The glycemic control rate and the incidences of low birth weight,macrosomia,preterm birth,premature rupture of membranes,postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section,neonatal asphyxia,malformation,and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit were compared between the two groups. Results The glycemic control rate in mobile health management group was significantly higher than that in the traditional management group [(67.22±22.76)%


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Diabetes, Gestational/therapy , Female , Fetal Macrosomia , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Premature Birth , Telemedicine
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2595-2602, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887825

ABSTRACT

Nuclear receptor subfamily 2, group F, member 6 (NR2F6) is a member of orphan nuclear receptors, which is expressed in major tissues and organs of the human body, and plays an important role in the regulation of various biological functions and gene expressions. Recent studies have shown that the expression of NR2F6 was up-regulated in a variety of malignant tumors and showed significant correlations with cancer progression. These findings triggered the widespread interest in understanding the relationship between NR2F6 and cancer development and progression. In addition, the latest studies have underscored that NR2F6 was involved in enhancing antitumor immune responses that could serve as a potential target for immune regulation. This review summarizes the biological functions of NR2F6 and its role in tumors, with the aim to provide new insights into effective cancer therapies.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Neoplasms/genetics , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887469

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with western conventional therapy on type Ⅱ respiratory failure of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) and evaluate the effect of acupuncture on diaphragmatic function and prognosis by bedside ultrasound.@*METHODS@#A total of 111 patients with AECOPD type Ⅱ respiratory failure were randomized into an acupuncture group, a conventional treatment group and a non-acupoint acupuncture group, 37 cases in each one. The routine AECOPD nursing care and treatment with western medicine were provided in the 3 groups. Additionally, in the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied at Dingchuan (EX-B 1), Feishu (BL 13), Taiyuan (LU 9), Danzhong (CV 17) and Zhongwan (CV 12), etc. In the non-acupoint acupuncture group, acupuncture was given at the points 5 to 10 mm lateral to each of the acupoints selected in the acupuncture group. Acupuncture was given once every day, 30 min each time, consecutively for 10 days in the above two groups. Separately, before treatment, on day 3, 7 and 10 of treatment, arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO@*RESULTS@#On day 3, 7 and 10 of treatment, PaO@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture as adjunctive therapy achieves significant therapeutic effect on AECOPD type Ⅱ respiratory failure. It improves diaphragmatic function, promotes oxygenation and relieves carbon dioxide retention of artery, alleviates clinical symptoms and reduces the time of mechanic ventilation and hospitalization. Besides, the bedside ultrasound detection can objectively reflect the effect of acupuncture on diaphragmatic function in the patients with AECOPD complicated with typeⅡrespiratory failure.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Diaphragm , Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908227

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of attention and interpretation therapy on sleep dysfunction and quality of life in perimenopausal syndrome patients.Methods:From August 2018 to January 2020, a total of 76 patients with perimenopausal syndrome were divided into experimental group (38 cases) and control group (38 cases) according to the random number table method. Two groups recieved routine therapy and nursing care, on the basis of this, the experimental group was given attention and interpretation therapy for 10 weeks. Before intervention and after 10 weeks of intervention, the effects were assessed by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL), respectively.Results:There was no significant difference in the score of PSQI, MENQOL before intervention between the two groups ( P>0.05). After intervention, the sleep quality, sleep duration, sleep efficiency scores and total PSQI scores were 0.79±0.10, 1.48±0.23, 1.11±0.22, 9.70±0.59; in addition, the vasomotor symptoms, psychological symptoms, somatic symptoms and total MENQOL scores were 3.06±0.81, 2.06±0.81, 2.50±0.51, 2.63±0.39 in the experimental group, significanlty lower than those in the control group (1.03±0.22, 1.85±0.33, 1.25±0.28, 10.59±0.66, 3.69±0.95, 2.83±0.77, 2.92±0.94, 3.18±0.53), the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.306-6.021, P<0.05). Conclusions:Attention and interpretation therapy can effectively alliviate sleep dysfunction and improve quality of life of perimenopausal syndrome patients.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 33-41, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781552

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is an infection-induced systemic inflammatory syndrome. The immune response in sepsis is characterized by the activation of both proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory pathways. When sepsis occurs, the expression and activity of many inflammatory cytokines are markedly affected. Xenobiotic receptors are chemical-sensing transcription factors that play essential roles in the transcriptional regulation of drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs). Xenobiotic receptors mediate the functional crosstalk between sepsis and drug metabolism because the inflammatory cytokines released during sepsis can affect the expression and activity of xenobiotic receptors and thus impact the expression and activity of DMEs. Xenobiotic receptors in turn may affect the clinical outcomes of sepsis. This review focuses on the sepsis-induced inflammatory response and xenobiotic receptors such as pregnane X receptor (PXR), aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), glucocorticoid receptor (GR), and constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), DMEs such as CYP1A, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, and CYP3A4, and drug transporters such as p-glycoprotein (P-gp), and multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRPs) that are affected by sepsis. Understanding the xenobiotic receptor-mediated effect of sepsis on drug metabolism will help to improve the safe use of drugs in sepsis patients and the development of new xenobiotic receptor-based therapeutic strategies for sepsis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812932

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the complete mitochondrial genome sequences of two phenotypes of Paragonimus westermani isolated from Fujian Province with different sizes of metacercariae, and perform a phylogenetic analysis of various geographical isolates of P. westermani from Asia, so as to identify the possible genetic characteristics associated with the P. westermani phenotypes. Methods P. westermani metacercariae with different sizes (large metacercariae, 380–420 μm in diameter; small metacercariae, 320–340 μm) isolated from freshwater crabs were used to infect dogs, and the eggs and adult worms of P. westermani were collected from the dog stool samples and lung tissues. Then, the egg size and morphology were compared. In addition, genomic DNA was extracted from the adult worms of the two phenotypes of P. westermani and used for the PCR amplification to yield the complete mitochondrial genome sequence. Sequence structure and phylogenetic analyses were performed based on the complete mitochondrial genome of P. westermani. Results Following infection with large and small P. westermani metacercariae, the adult worms recovered from the dog lung had a thick body, and had oral and ventral suckers. The ventral sucker was located slightly in front of the midline of the body, and testes, ovary and vitelline gland were seen in the adult worms. Following fixation, the adults appeared oval, with an approximately 1.7∶1 of the length-width ratio. The length and width of the eggs isolated from the fecal samples of dogs infected with large and small P. westermani metacercariae varied significantly, and the large metacercariae produced bigger eggs than the smaller metacercariae. Based on the morphological features of adults and eggs and the ITS2 sequences, both phenotypes were identified as P. westermani. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence analysis of adults showed almost consistent sequences in the protein-coding region of the mitochondrial genome of adult worms derived from large and small metacercariae, with a major variation seen in the former non-coding region. Sliding window analysis revealed the most polymorphic region within the ND4 gene across the mitochondrial genome from various geographical isolates of P. westermani, and phylogenetic analysis showed that both phenotypes were clustered into the Chinese branch of P. westermani, which was close to the Japanese branch and distinct from the South/Southeast Asian branch. Conclusions The genetic distance between the phenotypes of P. westermani isolated from Fujian Province is near at a mitochondrial genome level, with no remarkable genetic differentiation seen; however, the mutation and structural changes in the non-coding region may result in the phenotypic variations. In addition, there is a distinct variation of the evolutionary rate in the mitochondrial coding genes, suggesting the selection of appropriate molecular markers during the phylogenic researches.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799568

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the safety and feasibility of proximal partial gastrectomy with Cheng's Giraffe esophagogastric reconstruction for the treatment of early Siewert II adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG).@*Methods@#Indication of Cheng's Giraffe esophagogastric reconstruction: (1) Siewert II AEG or Siewert III AEG with diameter < 4 cm; (2) preoperative staging as cT1-2N0M0. A descriptive case series study was carried out. Clinical data of 34 patients with Siewert II AEG undergoing proximal partial gastrectomy and Cheng's Giraffe esophagogastric reconstruction at Department of Abdominal Surgery of Zhejiang Cancer Hospital and Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from February to July 2018 were retrospectively collected and analyzed, including 14 cases in IA stage, 11 cases in IIA stage and 8 cases in IIB stage. Brief procedure of Cheng's Giraffe esophagogastric reconstruction was as follows: Firstly, 12 cm long tubular stomach was formed by longitudinal incision 4 cm away from the great curvature of the stomach. Secondly, the gastric fundus and His angle were formed. Finally, the distance from His angle to esophagal-tubular gastric anastomosis should be more than 5 cm. The reflux disease questionare (RDQ) scores, radionuclide gastric emptying scintigraphy, and 24-hour multichannel intraluminal (MII)-pH monitoring technology were used to evaluate postoperative gastric emptying and gastroesophageal reflux.@*Result@#All 34 patients successfully completed proximal partial gastrectomy with Cheng's Giraffe esophagogastric reconstruction, including 13 cases by open surgery and 21 cases by laparoscopic surgery. The operation time was (144.6±39.8) minutes, the blood loss during operation was (35.4±17.2) ml. No laparoscopic case was converted to open surgery and no postoperative complication was observed. The postoperative hospital stay was (8.4±2.5) days. The postoperative RDQ score was 4.4±3.1 one month after operation, and 3.3±2.5 six months after operation. Gastric-half emptying time was (67.0±21.5) minutes, and the residual ratio was (52.2±7.7)% in 1 hour, (36.4±3.1)% in 2 hours and (28.8±3.6)% in 3 hours at postoperative 1-month. The 24-hour MII-pH monitoring at postoperative 2-month revealed the frequency of acid reflux was (12.6±7.9) times, frequency of non-acid reflux was (19.6±9.7) times, DeMeester score was 5.8±2.9.@*Conclusion@#Cheng's Giraffe esophagogastric reconstruction is safe and feasible in the treatment of Siewert type II AEG, and has good dynamic and anti-reflux effects.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873273

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in China. Due to its great individual differences in genetic background, pathogenesis and disease development trend, the survival risk rate after standardized western medicine treatment under the guidance of the current guidelines remains high. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has unique multiple-target, multiple-pathway and multiple-layer advantages, which can effectively make up for shortcomings of western medicine. Therefore, it has been widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Oxidative stress is one of the important causes of cardiovascular diseases. Nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2(Nrf2) is the central regulator of this reaction. When being activated, it can transfer to the nucleus and initiate signaling in the downstream pathway, thus playing an anti-oxidative stress role. As one of the most important endogenous protection systems in the body, the Nrf2/heme oxygenase-1 (Nrf2/HO-1) signaling pathway is the most classical approach for Nrf2 in playing roles. There have been certain achievements in studying and clarifying TCM by regulating this pathway to treat cardiovascular diseases using modern molecular biology and other methods. Based on this, this paper summarized the relationship between Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and cardiovascular diseases, then concluded and analyzed the mechanism and pharmacological effects of TCM and its active ingredients in Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway on different cardiovascular diseases, involving active ingredients of TCM, TCM pairs active ingredients, TCM extracts and TCM formula. This paper provides a theoretical reference for the development and utilization of anti-cardiovascular drugs.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872745

ABSTRACT

Tumor is one of the diseases that seriously endanger human health, and how to treat tumor effectively is still one of the important problems in the field of medicine. At present, most of the radiotherapies and chemical drugs for cancer have serious side effect despite of an obvious efficacy. With a unique syndrome differentiation treatment system and overall concept, traditional Chinese medicine has become the key research and development object of antitumor drugs due to many advantages, such as multiple channels, multiple levels, multiple links, multiple targets and less toxicity, and could can fully mobilize the immune and epidemic prevention mechanism of the body. A large number of studies have shown that Xiao Xianxiongtang and its effective ingredients have obvious antitumor effect. Many doctors have applied Xiao Xianxiongtang and modified formulas in clinical treatment of tumors, and relevant pharmacological studies have also confirmed the effectiveness of this formula, but with a lack of systematic summary of its effective ingredients and its mechanism of action. Now, with alkaloids, ketones, sterols and phenols in Xiao Xianxiongtang as the starting point, this study mainly focuses on inhibition of tumor cell proliferation, invasion and migration, induction of tumor cell apoptosis and autophagy, inhibition of tumor cell cycle, enhancement of tumor cell sensitivity, inhibition of tumor angiogenesis and regulation of immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment from two ways to sort out composition, function and mechanism of drugs. In this paper, effective components, main targets and mechanism of intervention in the tumor development of Xiao Xianxiongtang were reviewed, in order to provide a new idea for subsequent antitumor research and development of this prescription.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869867

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on inflammatory responses during intestinal mucosal barrier damage caused by gastrointestinal surgery in the rats.Methods:Forty-five healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7-8 weeks, weighing 220-260 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=15 each) by a random number table method: control group (C group), gastrointestinal surgery group (S group), and TEAS group (T group). Rats underwent pylorectomy and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunal anastomosis to establish gastrointestinal surgery models in S and T groups, while group C received no treatment.In group T, bilateral Zusanli and Hegu acupoints were stimulated with disperse-dense waves, current intensity 5 mA, frequency 2 Hz, from 30 min before surgery until the end of operation.Only electrode patches were applied, but no stimulation was applied in group S. Five rats were randomly selected from each group and sacrificed at 12, 24 and 48 h after surgery (T 1-3), and ileal tissues were taken after anesthesia.The pathological changes of ileal tissues were observed with a light microscope and scored according to Chiu.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine contents of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), diamine oxidase (DAO) and intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP). Western blot was used to detect the expression of occludin, claudin-3 and ZO-1.The immunohistochemical method was used to determine the percentage of occludin, claudin and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) positive cells. Results:Compared with group C, Chiu′s scores and contents of ileal IL-6, TNF-α, DAO and I-FABP were significantly increased, the percentage of occludin, claudin-3 and ZO-1 protein positive cells was decreased, and the expression of occludin, claudin-3 and ZO-1 was down-regulated at T 1-3 in group S and group T ( P<0.05). Compared with group S, Chiu′s scores and contents of ileal IL-6, TNF-α, DAO and I-FABP were significantly decreased, the percentage of occludin, claudin-3 and ZO-1 protein positive cells was increased, and the expression of occludin, claudin-3 and ZO-1 was up-regulated at T 1-3 in group T ( P<0.05). Conclusion:TEAS can reduce the intestinal mucosal barrier damage caused by gastrointestinal surgery by inhibiting the inflammatory response in rats.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867020

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influences of SCN3A gene polymorphism(c.905A>G/p.N302S and c. 1441C>T/p.L481L) on the efficacy of valproic acid sodium in the treatment of Zhuangzu epilepsies.Methods:Using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP)technique and the way of direct sequence, the SCN3A gene c. 905A>G/p.N302S and c. 1441C>T/p.L481L genotypes in peripheral blood were detected in 244 epileptic patients (85 cases in effective group and 139 cases of ineffective group) in the standardized treatment of valproic acid sodium.The blood concentration of valproic acid sodium was detected by LC-MS.Evaluating the correlation between the genotype and alleles of two groups of patients and the efficacy of valproic acid sodium and analyzing the difference of valproic acid sodium's blood concentration between different genotypes.The linkage disequilibrium of c. 905A>G/p.N302S and c. 1441C>T/p.L481L were analyzed by software SHEsis.Results:The allele and genotype distribution in c. 905A>G/p.N302S loci between effective group(A, G allele: 50.6%, 49.4%, AA, AG, GG genotype: 27.1%, 47.1%, 25.8%) and ineffective group(A, G allele: 37.4%, 62.6%, AA, AG, GG genotype: 16.6%, 41.7%, 41.7%) had statistically significant difference(χ 2=7.501, P=0.006; χ 2=7.907, P=0.019). There was no significant difference in allele and genotype distribution of c. 1441C>T/p.L481L loci between effective group(C, T allele: 47.1%, 52.9%, CC, CT, TT genotype: 23.5%, 47.1%, 29.4%) and ineffective group(C, T allele: 38.8%, 61.2%, CC, CT, TT genotype: 18.7%, 40.3%, 41.0%)(χ 2=2.920, P=0.088; χ 2=3.099, P=0.212). Compared with the AA + AG genotype, the GG genotype at c. 905A>G/p.N302S locus significantly reduced the efficacy of valproic acid sodium ( OR=2.051, 95% CI=1.136-3.703). Compared with genotypes AA+ AG, there were no significant differences in blood concentration of genotype GG of c. 905A>G/p.N302S ( t=3.256, P=0.137). Compared with genotypes CC+ CT, there were no significant differences in blood concentration of genotype TT of c. 1441C>T/p.L481L( t=4.628, P=0.082). c.905A>G/p.N302S and c. 1441C>T/p.L481L were without linkage disequilibrium. Conclusion:These results suggest that the single nucleotide polymorphisms of c. 905A>G/p.N302S in SCN3A genes may play a role in the resistivity of valproic acid sodium in Zhuangzu epilepsies.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865863

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the current status of the cultivation process of professional postgraduates of clinical medicine, combining with the case of the auxiliary teaching model of Academic Salons on the WeChat platform in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. We collected students' satisfaction evaluation of this auxiliary teaching model by questionnaire survey. Through analyzing the results and feedback, we found that the overall satisfaction of this auxiliary teaching model is 71.43%, and the model has a remarkable effect in broadening knowledge, inspiring thinking of clinical diagnosis and treatment, improving ability of scientific research, increasing learning interest, enhancing the ability to link theory with practice, and using the knowledge flexibly. However, there are still some shortcomings in early publicity, understanding students' interests and needs, and improving students' autonomous learning ability. Therefore, using the WeChat platform to carry out academic salons is a good auxiliary teaching model for cultivating the scientific research ability of professional postgraduates of clinical medicine.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevention effect of nurse-led peer support system on the postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder of primipara.Methods:A total of 74 cases of primipara were randomly divided into experimental group ( n=37) and control group ( n=37). The control group received routine nursing. The experimental group received nurse-led peer support intervention. The postpartum depression and postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder was assessed by using Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) and impact of event scale-revised (IES-R) before and after intervention. Results:Before intervention, the socre of EPDS and IES-R was no statistical difference between experimental group and control group ( P>0.05). After intervention, the scores of EPDS and IES-R were significantly decreased in the experiment group [(5.41 ± 0.49) pionts, (16.56 ± 1.36) pionts] compared to the control group [(16.56 ± 1.36) pionts, (19.01 ± 1.98) pionts], the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Nurse-led peer support system can alliviate postpartum depression and posttraumatic stress disorder status and promote the psychological health of primipara.

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