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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 490-500, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The study aimed to estimate the benchmark dose (BMD) of coke oven emissions (COEs) exposure based on mitochondrial damage with the mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) as a biomarker.@*METHODS@#A total of 782 subjects were recruited, including 238 controls and 544 exposed workers. The mtDNAcn of peripheral leukocytes was detected through the real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Three BMD approaches were used to calculate the BMD of COEs exposure based on the mitochondrial damage and its 95% confidence lower limit (BMDL).@*RESULTS@#The mtDNAcn of the exposure group was lower than that of the control group (0.60 ± 0.29 vs. 1.03 ± 0.31; P < 0.001). A dose-response relationship was shown between the mtDNAcn damage and COEs. Using the Benchmark Dose Software, the occupational exposure limits (OELs) for COEs exposure in males was 0.00190 mg/m 3. The OELs for COEs exposure using the BBMD were 0.00170 mg/m 3 for the total population, 0.00158 mg/m 3 for males, and 0.00174 mg/m 3 for females. In possible risk obtained from animal studies (PROAST), the OELs of the total population, males, and females were 0.00184, 0.00178, and 0.00192 mg/m 3, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on our conservative estimate, the BMDL of mitochondrial damage caused by COEs is 0.002 mg/m 3. This value will provide a benchmark for determining possible OELs.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Animals , Coke , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons , DNA Copy Number Variations , Benchmarking , Occupational Exposure/analysis , DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , DNA Damage
2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 482-486, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962496

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), so as to provide evidence-based reference for clinical practice. METHODS PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases were searched to collect randomized controlled trials (RCT) of ICIs (trial group) versus traditional chemotherapy or optimal supportive treatment (control group) in the treatment of mCRC from the establishment of the database to June 1, 2022. After literature screening and data extraction, Cochrane Systematic Review Manual 5.1.0 was used to evaluate the quality of the included literature, and RevMan 5.4 software was used for meta-analysis and sensitivity analysis. RESULTS A total of 4 RCTs were included, involving 833 patients. Meta-analysis showed that the overall survival (OS) [HR=0.77, 95%CI (0.64, 0.94), P=0.01] and progression-free survival (PFS) [HR=0.67, 95%CI (0.57, 0.79), P<0.000 01] were significantly higher in trial group than control group; the difference was not statistically significant when comparing the incidence of grade 3 and above adverse events in the two groups [RR=1.22, 95%CI (0.77, 1.94), P=0.39]. Subgroup analysis by mutation pattern showed that patients with mismatch repair proficiency and low levels of microsatellite instability (pMMR-MSS) mCRC patients in trial group had significantly higher PFS than control group (P<0.05). The results of sensitivity analysis showed that the results were robust. CONCLUSIONS Compared with traditional chemotherapy or optimal supportive treatment, ICIs can prolong the OS and PFS of mCRC patients, and maybe has more advantages in pMMR-MSS mCRC patients; the safety of ICIs is equivalent to that of traditional chemotherapy or optimal supportive treatment.

3.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 169-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961844

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo summarize the echocardiographic features of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA), analyze the causes of missed diagnosis, thus explore the diagnostic skills and improve the diagnostic accuracy for SVA. MethodsThe echocardiographic features and clinical data of 52 SVA patients who underwent surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2014 to March 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into 5 types according to modified Sakakibara classification system. ResultsThere were 32 male and 20 female patients with their age of 18~66 (36.1±11.6) years. Of the 52 aneurysms, 44 originated from the right coronary sinus (RCS), 8 from noncoronary sinus (NCS) and none from left coronary sinus (LCS). Among the 35 SVAs protruding into the right ventricle, including type I, type Ⅱ and type Ⅲv, 32 (91.4%) were associated with ventricular septal defect (VSD). There were 2 (17.6%) associated with VSD among the 17 SVAs protruding into the right atrium or other sites of the heart, including type Ⅲa, type Ⅳ and type Ⅴ. SVA was frequently associated with aortic valve disease, 27 cases (51.9%) of which needed surgical valve replacement or valvoplasty. SVA was missed in 4 patients and VSD in 8, with the misdiagnosis rates of 7.7% and 23.5%, respectively. The most commonly missed VSD diagnosis was subarterial VSD with type I SVA. Of the 19 SVAs associated with infective endocarditis (IE), 2 were missed, with the misdiagnosis rate of 10.5%. ConclusionThe ultrasound images of SVA are diverse and complex. SVA protruding into the right atrium is rarely associated with VSD, while SVA protruding into the right ventricle is frequently associated with VSD. SVA is also prone to be associated with aortic valve disease and IE, which makes the diagnosis more challenging. Therefore, during ultrasound examination, we must vigilantly and flexibly make use of the multiple scan slices so as to decrease the rate of missed diagnosis and improve the diagnostic accuracy for SVA.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1676-1681, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990390

ABSTRACT

This article reviewed the present situation of the research on the relationship between the number of nursing staff, education level, skill combination and patient safety at home and abroad, as well as the indirect mechanism of nursing manpower factors on patient safety through intermediary factors such as working environment, attendance, nursing lack and so on. In view of the problems existing in domestic research, some suggestions were put forward, such as carrying out longitudinal and intervention research on patient safety, optimizing the allocation of nursing human resources and patient safety indicators, exploring the mechanism of multiple nursing factors and patient safety and conducting empirical analysis. To provide reference for hospital managers to improve nursing quality and ensure patient safety.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 989-996, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the grouping characteristics of psychological state symptom clusters in patients with non-small cell lung cancer during programmed death 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody combined with chemotherapy, and to analyze the predictors of different symptom cluster characteristics.Methods:This study was a cross-sectional study. In the form of a questionnaire, 171 patients with non-small cell lung cancer who received PD-1 monoclonal antibody combined with chemotherapy in Gansu Wuwei Tumor Hospital from March 2019 to March 2021 were selected as the research object by convenient sampling method. The general data questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Cancer-Related Fatigue Survey Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Physical Activity Measurement Scale for Cancer Patients, Distress Thermometer, and Quality of Life Measurement Scale for Lung Cancer Patients were used for investigation. The latent class model was fitted based on the evaluation results of physical fatigue, anxiety, depression, sleep quality and psychological distress in patients with non-small cell lung cancer during treatment. Latent class model analysis was performed on the scale results to establish a category group model. Logistic regression analysis was used to compare the demographic characteristics, disease stage, classification, and personality characteristics of patients in each group, and to explore the predictive indicators between different categories.Results:According to the symptoms of fatigue, anxiety, depression, sleep disorder and psychological distress in patients with non-small cell lung cancer during PD-1 monoclonal antibody therapy combined with chemotherapy, they were divided into two different categories. The group with high psychological symptoms accounted for 44.44% (76/171) and the group with low psychological symptoms accounted for 55.56% (95/171). The scores of physiological status, social/family status, emotional status, functional status, additional attention and physical activity in the quality of life scale of lung cancer patients with low psychological symptoms were 11.28 ± 5.62, 17.57 ± 4.31, 11.14 ± 3.27, 14.83 ± 5.24, 14.76 ± 4.03 and 88.61 ± 17.38, respectively. The scores were higher than those in the high psychological symptom group 17.82 ± 4.43, 10.76 ± 3.63, 18.62 ± 6.06, 9.34 ± 3.13, 26.26 ± 3.23, 58.04 ± 15.41, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 10.36-15.84, all P<0.05); logistic regression analysis showed that personality traits [extroverted ( OR=0.08, 95 % CI 0.03-0.23, P<0.05), intermediate ( OR=0.16, 95 % CI 0.08-0.33, P<0.05)] and physical activity in cancer patients ( OR=0.91, 95 % CI 0.88-0.93, P<0.05) were predictors for distinguishing high psychological symptom group. Conclusions:There are obvious classification characteristics of psychological symptom clusters in patients with non-small cell lung cancer during PD-1 monoclonal antibody combined with chemotherapy. Different psychological interventions and nursing care are given according to different psychological symptom characteristics during treatment to improve the quality of life of patients.

6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 590-596, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986966

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture on osteoarthritis in rats and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into osteoarthritis model group, electro-acupuncture group and control group (n=10), and in the former two groups, early osteoarthritis was induced using a modified DMM surgical modeling method. After successful modeling, the rats in the electro-acupuncture group were treated with electro-acupuncture at bilateral "Housanli" and "Anterior knee point". Behavioral tests of the rats were performed and scored using the LequesneMG scale. Subchondral bone degeneration was observed in each group, and serum levels of IL-1β, ADAMTS-7, MMP-3 and COMP were measured using ELISA. The mRNA and protein expressions of IL-1β, Wnt-7B, β-catenin, ADAMTS-7, and MMP-3 in the cartilage tissue of the knee joints were detected using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#In behavioral tests, the rats in the model and electroacupuncture groups had significantly higher LequesneMG scores after modeling than those in the control group (P < 0.05). After 20 days of treatment, LequesneMG scores were significantly lowered in rats in the electroacupuncture as compared with the model rats (P < 0.05). Imaging examination revealed obvious subchondral bone damage in both the electroacupuncture group and the model group, but the damages were significantly milder with former group. Compared with the model rats, the rats receiving electroacupuncture had significantly lower serum levels of IL-1β, ADAMTS-7, MMP-3 and COMP (P < 0.05) with also lower expressions of IL-1β, Wnt-7B, β-catenin, ADAMTS-7 and MMP-3 in the cartilage tissues at both the mRNA and protein levels (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture can alleviate joint pain and improve subchondral bone damage in rats with osteoarthritis by reducing IL-1β levels in the joint cartilage tissue and serum to alleviate joint inflammation and by reducing such cytokines as ADAMTS-7 and MMP-3 via regulating the Wnt-7B/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , beta Catenin/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Cartilage, Articular , Inflammation/metabolism
7.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 59-64, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986779

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the willingness of middle school students to engage in medicine and its influencing factors during COVID-19 pandemic in Lanzhou, so as to provide references for the early career planning education on middle school students. MethodsConvenient sampling method was used to choose 1 795 middle school students from 5 schools in Lanzhou from July 21 to July 31, 2022 for this study where an online questionnaire survey was distributed to collect data. A self-compiled questionnaire was used to gather the general information, assess the willingness to engage in medicine and seek the underlying reasons. The psychological resilience level of students was assessed using Resilience Scale for Adolescents. Then multivariate Logistic regression analysis was conducted to screen the factors associated with the willingness of middle school students to engage in medicine. ResultsAfter the local outbreak of COVID-19 in Lanzhou, 835 (46.52%) middle school students demonstrated their willingness to engage in medicine, and the top three reasons for their willingness were being affected by medical staff during the pandemic (75.69%), having interests in medical sciences (67.31%), and the potential increase of attention to national medical development after the epidemic (43.23%). Logistical regression analysis showed that female gender (OR=1.438, P<0.01), family members engaged in the medical and health industry (OR=1.574, P<0.01) and having a high psychological resilience score (OR=1.011, P<0.01) were related to the clear willingness to engage in medicine, while studying in senior middle school (OR=0.473, P<0.01) and excessive exposure (≥50%) to negative information during the epidemic (OR=0.797, P<0.05) were related to declining willingness to engage in medicine. ConclusionAfter the COVID-19 outbreak in Lanzhou, a large proportion of local middle school students show their willingness to engage in medicine, especially among those of female gender, having family members engaged in the medical and health industry and having high level of psychological resilience. Whereas students studying in senior middle school and with excessive exposure to negative information during the outbreak indicate low willingness to engage in medicine.

8.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 288-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986715

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of brentuximab vedotin(BV) combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of malignant lymphoma. Methods We collected the data of 32 lymphoma patients with CD30-positive status, including 14 cases of Hodgkin's lymphomas, 2 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, and 16 cases of mature T/NK cell lymphomas. Chemotherapy combined with BV was administered to all patients for a minimum of two cycles. The efficacy of the treatment was evaluated according to Lugano criteria every two cycles. Results Complete response rate and overall response rate after four cycles of treatment were 22% and 50%, respectively. Sixteen cases (50.0%) had grades 1 and 2 toxicity, and 16 cases (50.0%) had grade 3 toxicity or higher. The most common adverse events were neutropenia (50.0%), pneumonia (46.9%), and anemia (43.8%). The most common grade 3 or higher adverse events were pneumonia (18.8%) and febrile neutropenia (12.5%). Four patients discontinued brentuximab vedotin because of severe adverse events. Conclusion BV is effective in treating relapsed and refractory CD30- positive Hodgkin's lymphoma and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, and its overall safety is acceptable.

9.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 318-328, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986073

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effect of bone-anchored versus tooth-borne rapid palatal expansion (RPE) combined with maxillary protraction in the treatment of skeletal class Ⅲ patients with maxillary hypoplasia. Methods: Twenty-six skeletal class Ⅲ patients with maxillary hypoplasia in the late mixed or early permanent dentition were selected. All the patients underwent RPE combined with maxillary protraction in the Department of Orthodontics, Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University from August 2020 to June 2022. The patients were divided into 2 groups. Thirteen patients were enrolled in the bone-anchored RPE group [4 males and 9 females, aged (10.2±1.7) years] and the others were in the tooth-borne RPE group [5 males and 8 females, aged (10.1±1.0) years]. Ten sagittal linear indices [Y-Is distance (the distance from the incisor edge of the maxillary incisor to the vertical reference axis), Y-Ms distance (the distance from the mesial contact point of the maxillary first molar to the vertical reference axis), the relative distance between the maxillary and mandibular molars, overjet, etc.], 6 vertical linear indices [PP-Ms distance (the distance changes from Ms to the palatal plane), etc.] and 8 angle indices [SN-MP angle (the upper external angle of the intersection of the sella-nasion plane and the mandibular plane), U1-SN angle (the lower internal angle of the intersection of the long axis of the maxillary central incisor and the sella-nasion plane), etc.] were measured on the cephalometric radiographs before and after the treatment. Six coronal indicators (the inclination of the left and right first maxillary molar, etc.) were measured on cone-beam CT images before and after the treatment. The proportion of skeletal and dental factors in the changes of overjet were calculated. The differences of the index changes between groups were compared. Results: After the treatment, the anterior crossbite were corrected in both groups, and classⅠor classⅡ molar relationship were attained. In bone-anchored group, the changes of Y-Is distance, Y-Ms distance and maxillary and mandibular molar relative distance were (3.23±0.70), (1.25±0.34) and (2.54±0.59) mm, respectively, significantly less than those in the tooth-borned group in which the corresponding changes were (4.96±0.97) mm (t=-5.92, P<0.001), (3.12±0.83) mm (t=-7.53, P<0.001) and (4.92±1.35) mm (t=-5.85, P<0.05), respectively. The change of overjet in the bone-anchored group was (4.45±1.25) mm, significantly less than that in the tooth-borned group (6.14±1.29) mm (t=-3.38, P<0.05). Skeletal and dental factors accounted for 80% and 20% of the overjet changes in the bone-anchored group, respectively. While in the tooth-borned group, skeletal and dental factors accounted for 62% and 38% of the overjet changes, respectively. The PP-Ms distance change in the bone-anchored group [(-1.62±0.25) mm] was significantly less than that in the tooth-borned group [(2.13±0.86) mm] (t=-15.15, P<0.001). The changes of SN-MP and U1-SN in the bone-anchored group were -0.95°±0.55° and 1.28°±1.30°, respectively, significantly less than those corresponding indices in the tooth-borned group (1.92°±0.95°, t=-9.43, P<0.001; 7.78°±1.94°, t=-10.04, P<0.001). In the bone-anchored group, the inclination changes of maxillary bilateral first molars in the left and right sides were 1.50°±0.17° and 1.54°±0.19°, significantly less than the corresponding indices in the tooth-borned group (2.26°±0.37°, t=6.47, P<0.001; 2.25°±0.35°, t=6.81, P<0.001). Conclusions: The bone-anchored RPE with maxillary protraction could reduce the adverse tooth compensation effect, including the protrusion of maxillary anterior incisors, the increase of overjet and mandibular plane angle, and the mesial movement, extrusion and buccal inclination of maxillary molars.

10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 301-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986032

ABSTRACT

Carbon dioxide is a simple asphyxial gas, with low concentrations having an excitatory effect on the respiratory center, while high concentrations have an inhibitory effect on the respiratory center. Simple carbon dioxide poisoning is rarely seen clinically. This article reviews and analyzes the treatment process of 9 cases of acute inhalation carbon dioxide poisoning in a cargo ship carbon dioxide leakage accident in May 2019, summarizes clinical treatment experience, and provides timely and effective treatment for acute pulmonary edema caused by acute inhalation carbon dioxide poisoning. In particular, the application of hormones has a good prognosis, improving clinicians' understanding of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carbon Dioxide , Ships , Accidents , Pulmonary Edema , Treatment Outcome , Poisoning , Accidents, Occupational
11.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 364-366, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986014

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a method for the rapid determination of acetaminophen (APAP) in human plasma by LC-MS/MS. Methods: The plasma samples were extracted by methanol and acetonitrile (1: 1) and purified directly. C(18) column was used for sample separation. The mobile phase were methanol (5 mmol/L ammonium acetate) and water (5 mmol/L ammonium acetate). Samples were analyzed by LC MS/MS with the electrospray ionization multi reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. Results: The calibration curves of APAP was linear in the concentration range of 0~10 mg/L, the correlation coefficient (r) was greater than 0.999 0. The relative standard deviation within and between batches was less than 10%. The recovery rate were 96.81%~101.7%. The detection limit of the method was 0.1 μg/L and the lower limit of quantification was 0.3 μg/L. Conclusion: This method has strong specificity, high sensitivity and reliable determination results. It is suitable for the rapid analysis of clinical plasma samples.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Acetaminophen , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Methanol , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 665-670, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985755

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate and elucidate the clinicopathological and prognostic characteristics of SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: The clinicopathological and prognostic data were collected in 127 patients with SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer diagnosed in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Shanghai, China from January 2020 to March 2022. The variation and expression of biomarkers related to treatment were retrospectively reviewed. Results: One hundred and twenty-seven patients were eligible for enrollment. Among them 120 patients (94.5%) were male and 7 cases (5.5%) were female, while the average age was 63 years (range 42-80 years). There were 41 cases (32.3%) of stage Ⅰ cancer, 23 cases (18.1%) of stage Ⅱ, 31 cases (24.4%) of stage Ⅲ and 32 cases (25.2%) of stage Ⅳ. SMARCA4 expression detected by immunohistochemistry was completely absent in 117 cases (92.1%) and partially absent in 10 cases (7.9%). PD-L1 immunohistochemical analyses were performed on 107 cases. PD-L1 was negative, weakly positive and strongly positive in 49.5% (53/107), 26.2% (28/107) and 24.3% (26/107) of the cases, respectively. Twenty-one cases showed gene alterations (21/104, 20.2%). The KRAS gene alternation (n=10) was most common. Mutant-type SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer was more commonly detected in females, and was associated with positive lymph nodes and advanced clinical stage (P<0.01). Univariate survival analysis showed that advanced clinical stage was a poor prognosis factor, and vascular invasion was a poor predictor of progression-free survival in patients with surgical resection. Conclusions: SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer is a rare tumor with poor prognosis, and often occurs in elderly male patients. However, SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancers with gene mutations are often seen in female patients. Vascular invasion is a prognostic factor for disease progression or recurrence in patients with resectable tumor. Early detection and access to treatment are important for improving patient survivals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , China , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , DNA Helicases/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 976-982, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985504

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics of viral infections in children with diarrhea in Beijing from 2018 to 2022. Methods: Real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect viral nucleic acid of Norovirus (NoV), Sappovirus (SaV), Astrovirus (AstV), Enteric Adenovirus (AdV) or antigen of Rotavirus (RV) in 748 stool samples collected from Beijing Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2018 to December 2021. Subsequently, the reverse transcription PCR or PCR method was used to amplify the target gene of the positive samples after the initial screening, followed by sequencing, genotyping and evolution analysis, so as to obtain the characteristics of these viruses. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using Mega 6.0. Results: From 2018 to 2021, the overall detection rate of the above five common viruses was 37.6%(281/748)in children under 5 years old in Beijing. NoV, Enteric AdV and RV were still the top three diarrhea-related viruses, followed by AstV and SaV, accounting for 41.6%, 29.2%, 27.8%, 8.9% and 7.5%, respectively. The detection rate of co-infections with two or three diarrhea-related viruses was 4.7% (35/748). From the perspective of annual distribution, the detection rate of Enteric AdV was the highest in 2021, while NoV was predominant in the other 4 years. From the perspective of genetic characteristics, NoV was predominant by GⅡ.4, and after the first detection of GⅡ.4[P16] in 2020, it occupied the first two gene groups together with GⅡ.4[P31]. Although the predominant RV was G9P[8], the rare epidemic strain G8P[8] was first detected in 2021. The predominant genotypes of Enteric AdV and AstV were Ad41 and HAstV-1. SaV was sporadic spread with a low detection rate. Conclusion: Among the diarrhea-related viruses infected children under 5 years of age in Beijing, the predominant strains of NoV and RV have changed and new sub-genotypes have been detected for the first time, while the predominant strains of AstV and Enteric AdV are relatively stable.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Beijing/epidemiology , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Feces , Norovirus/genetics , Phylogeny , Rotavirus/genetics , Virus Diseases/epidemiology , Viruses/genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 158-164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971165

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop a quantitative evaluation software for three-dimensional morphology of pathological scars based on photo modeling technology, and to verify its accuracy and feasibility in clinical application. Methods: The method of prospective observational study was adopted. From April 2019 to January 2022, 59 patients with pathological scars (totally 107 scars) who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, including 27 males and 32 females, aged 33 (26, 44) years. Based on photo modeling technology, a software for measuring three-dimensional morphological parameters of pathological scars was developed with functions of collecting patients' basic information, and scar photography, three-dimensional reconstruction, browsing the models, and generating reports. This software and the clinical routine methods (vernier calipers, color Doppler ultrasonic diagnostic equipment, and elastomeric impression water injection method measurement) were used to measure the longest length, maximum thickness, and volume of scars, respectively. For scars with successful modelling, the number, distribution of scars, number of patients, and the longest length, maximum thickness, and volume of scars measured by both the software and clinical routine methods were collected. For scars with failed modelling, the number, distribution, type of scars, and the number of patients were collected. The correlation and consistency of the software and clinical routine methods in measuring the longest length, maximum thickness, and volume of scars were analyzed by unital linear regression analysis and the Bland-Altman method, respectively, and the intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), mean absolute error (MAE), and mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) were calculated. Results: A total of 102 scars from 54 patients were successfully modeled, which located in the chest (43 scars), in the shoulder and back (27 scars), in the limb (12 scars), in the face and neck (9 scars), in the auricle (6 scars), and in the abdomen (5 scars). The longest length, maximum thickness, and volume measured by the software and clinical routine methods were 3.61 (2.13, 5.19) and 3.53 (2.02, 5.11) cm, 0.45 (0.28, 0.70) and 0.43 (0.24, 0.72) cm, 1.17 (0.43, 3.57) and 0.96 (0.36, 3.26) mL. The 5 hypertrophic scars and auricular keloids from 5 patients were unsuccessfully modeled. The longest length, maximum thickness, and volume measured by the software and clinical routine methods showed obvious linear correlation (with r values of 0.985, 0.917, and 0.998, P<0.05). The ICCs of the longest length, maximum thickness, and volume of scars measured by the software and clinical routine methods were 0.993, 0.958, and 0.999 (with 95% confidence intervals of 0.989-0.995, 0.938-0.971, and 0.998-0.999, respectively). The longest length, maximum thickness, and volume of scars measured by the software and clinical routine methods had good consistency. The Bland-Altman method showed that 3.92% (4/102), 7.84% (8/102), and 8.82% (9/102) of the scars with the longest length, maximum thickness, and volume respectively were outside the 95% consistency limit. Within the 95% consistency limit, 2.04% (2/98) scars had the longest length error of more than 0.5 cm, 1.06% (1/94) scars had the maximum thickness error of more than 0.2 cm, and 2.15% (2/93) scars had the volume error of more than 0.5 mL. The MAE and MAPE of the longest length, maximum thickness, and volume of scars measured by the software and clinical routine methods were 0.21 cm, 0.10 cm, 0.24 mL, and 5.75%, 21.21%, 24.80%, respectively. Conclusions: The quantitative evaluation software for three-dimensional morphology of pathological scars based on photo modeling technology can realize the three-dimensional modeling and measurement of morphological parameters of most pathological scars. Its measurement results were in good consistency with those of clinical routine methods, and the errors were acceptable in clinic. This software can be used as an auxiliary method for clinical diagnosis and treatment of pathological scars.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Asian People , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Extremities , Keloid/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 233-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an intestinal organoid model that mimic acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) caused intestinal injuries by using aGVHD murine model serum and organoid culture system, and explore the changes of aGVHD intestine in vitro by advantage of organoid technology.@*METHODS@#20-22 g female C57BL/6 mice and 20-22 g female BALB/c mice were used as donors and recipients for bone marrow transplantation, respectively. Within 4-6 h after receiving a lethal dose (8.0 Gy) of γ ray total body irradiation, a total of 0.25 ml of murine derived bone marrow cells (1×107/mice, n=20) and spleen nucleated cells (5×106/mice, n=20) was infused to establish a mouse model of aGVHD (n=20). The aGVHD mice were anesthetized at the 7th day after transplantation, and the veinal blood was harvested by removing the eyeballs, and the serum was collected by centrifugation. The small intestinal crypts of healthy C57BL/6 mice were harvested and cultivated in 3D culture system that maintaining the growth and proliferation of intestinal stem cells in vitro. In our experiment, 5%, 10%, 20% proportions of aGVHD serum were respectively added into the organoid culture system for 3 days. The formation of small intestinal organoids were observed under an inverted microscope and the morphological characteristics of intestinal organoids in each groups were analyzed. For further evaluation, the aGVHD intestinal organoids were harvested and their pathological changes were observed. Combined with HE staining, intestinal organ morphology evaluation was performed. Combined with Alcian Blue staining, the secretion function of aGVHD intestinal organoids was observed. The distribution and changes of Lgr5+ and Clu+ intestinal stem cells in intestinal organoids were analyzed under the conditions of 5%, 10% and 20% serum concentrations by immunohistochemical stainings.@*RESULTS@#The results of HE staining showed that the integrity of intestinal organoids in the 5% concentration serum group was better than that in the 10% and 20% groups. The 5% concentration serum group showed the highest number of organoids, the highest germination rate and the lowest pathological score among experimental groups, while the 20% group exhibited severe morphological destruction and almost no germination was observed, and the pathological score was the highest among all groups(t=3.668, 4.334,5.309,P<0.05). The results of Alican blue staining showed that the secretion function of intestinal organoids in serum culture of aGVHD in the 20% group was weaker than that of the 5% group and 10% of the organoids, and there was almost no goblet cells, and mucus was stainned in the 20% aGVHD serum group. The immunohistochemical results showed that the number of Lgr5+ cells of intestinal organoids in the 5% group was more than that of the intestinal organoids in the 10% aGVHD serum group and 20% aGVHD serum group. Almost no Clu+ cells were observed in the 5% group. The Lgr5+ cells in the 20% group were seriously injuried and can not be observed. The proportion of Clu+ cells in the 20% group significantly increased.@*CONCLUSION@#The concentration of aGVHD serum in the culture system can affect the number and secretion function of intestinal organoids as well as the number of intestinal stem cells in organoids. The higher the serum concentration, the greater the risk of organoid injury, which reveal the characteristics of the formation and functional change of aGVHD intestinal organoids, and provide a novel tool for the study of intestinal injury in aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Mice , Female , Animals , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Stem Cells , Organoids
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 77-83, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970955

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the pathogenic mechanism of the miR-340/high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) axis in the formation of liver fibrosis. Methods: A rat liver fibrosis model was established by injecting CCl(4) intraperitoneally. miRNAs targeting and validating HMGB1 were selected with gene microarrays after screening the differentially expressed miRNAs in rats with normal and hepatic fibrosis. The effect of miRNA expressional changes on HMGB1 levels was detected by qPCR. Dual luciferase gene reporter assays (LUC) was used to verify the targeting relationship between miR-340 and HMGB1. The proliferative activity of the hepatic stellate cell line HSC-T6 was detected by thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay after co-transfection of miRNA mimics and HMGB1 overexpression vector, and the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins type I collagen and α-smooth muscle actin (SMA) was detected by western blot. Statistical analysis was performed by analysis of variance and the LSD-t test. Results: Hematoxylin-eosin and Masson staining results showed that the rat model of liver fibrosis was successfully established. Gene microarray analysis and bioinformatics prediction had detected eight miRNAs possibly targeting HMGB1, and animal model validation had detected miR-340. qPCR detection results showed that miR-340 had inhibited the expression of HMGB1, and a luciferase complementation assay suggested that miR-340 had targeted HMGB1. Functional experiments results showed that HMGB1 overexpression had enhanced cell proliferation activity and the expression of type I collagen and α-SMA, while miR-340 mimics had not only inhibited cell proliferation activity and the expression of HMGB1, type I collagen, and α-SMA, but also partially reversed the promoting effect of HMGB1 on cell proliferation and ECM synthesis. Conclusion: miR-340 targets HMGB1 to inhibit the proliferation and ECM deposition in hepatic stellate cells and plays a protective role during the process of liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Proliferation , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Fibrosis , Hepatic Stellate Cells , HMGB1 Protein/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 625-635, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970531

ABSTRACT

This study explored the feasibility of mineral element content and ratios of nitrogen isotopes to discriminate the cultivation mode of Dendrobium nobile in order to provide theoretical support for the discrimination of the cultivation mode of D. nobile. The content of 11 mineral elements(N, K, Ca, P, Mg, Na, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, and B) and nitrogen isotope ratios in D. nobile and its substrate samples in three cultivation methods(greenhouse cultivation, tree-attached cultivation, and stone-attached cultivation) were determined. According to the analysis of variance, principal component analysis, and stepwise discriminant analysis, the samples of different cultivation types were classified. The results showed that the nitrogen isotope ratios and the content of elements except for Zn were significantly different among different cultivation types of D. nobile(P<0.05). The results of correlation analysis showed that the nitrogen isotope ratios, mineral element content, and effective component content in D. nobile were correlated with the nitrogen isotope ratio and mineral element content in the corresponding substrate samples to varying degrees. Principal component analysis can preliminarily classify the samples of D. nobile, but some samples overlapped. Through stepwise discriminant analysis, six indicators, including δ~(15)N, K, Cu, P, Na, and Ca, were screened out, which could be used to establish the discriminant model of D. nobile cultivation methods, and the overall correct discrimination rates after back-substitution test, cross-check, and external validation were all 100%. Therefore, nitrogen isotope ratios and mineral element fingerprints combined with multivariate statistical analysis could effectively discriminate the cultivation types of D. nobile. The results of this study provide a new method for the identification of the cultivation type and production area of D. nobile and an experimental basis for the quality evaluation and quality control of D. nobile.


Subject(s)
Dendrobium , Minerals , Discriminant Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Nitrogen Isotopes
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 14-18, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic efficacy of governor vessel moxibustion combined with fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule, simple fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule and placebo moxibustion combined with fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule for mild to moderate depression with kidney-yang deficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 126 patients with mild to moderate depression with kidney-yang deficiency were randomized into a governor vessel moxibustion group (42 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a western medication group (42 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a placebo moxibustion group (42 cases, 1 case dropped off). The western medication group was given fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule orally, 20 mg a time, once a day. On the basis of the treatment in the western medication group, governor vessel moxibustion was applied from Dazhui (GV 14) to Yaoshu (GV 2) in the governor vessel moxibustion group, once a week; placebo moxibustion was applied in the placebo moxibustion group, once a week. Treatment of 8 weeks was required in the 3 groups. Before and after treatment, the scores of Hamilton depression scale-17 (HAMD-17), Asberg's rating scale for side effects (SERS) and TCM clinical symptom were compared, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of HAMD-17, SERS and TCM clinical symptom were decreased compared before treatment in the 3 groups (P<0.05), the decrease ranges of above scores in the governor vessel moxibustion group were larger than those in the western medication group and the placebo moxibustion group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 92.5% (37/40) in the governor vessel moxibustion group, which was higher than 75.6% (31/41) in the western medication group and 80.5% (33/41) in the placebo moxibustion group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Governor vessel moxibustion combined with fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule can improve the degree of depression and relieve the clinical symptoms in mild to moderate depression patients with kidney-yang deficiency, the efficacy is superior to simple fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule, and can reduce the fluoxetine hydrochloride capsule-induced adverse effect to a certain extent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Yang Deficiency/drug therapy , Depression/etiology , Fluoxetine , Acupuncture Points , Kidney
19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 172-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969863

ABSTRACT

In recent years, many studies have found that vaginal microbiota is closely related to female reproductive tract diseases. However, traditional microbial culture technology has the defects of long culture cycle and most microorganisms cannot be cultured. The development of metagenomics technique has broken the limitations of culture technology, and has been gradually applied to the study of vaginal microorganisms with the characteristics of high throughput, short time, identification of microbial population structure and gene function. It also provides technical support for elucidating the relationship between vaginal microbiota and female reproductive tract diseases. This article mainly introduces the metagenomics techniques and their applications in prevention, screening and diagnosis of common female reproductive tract diseases, and discusses their promising development and limitations to be overcome.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Microbiota/genetics , Vagina , Metagenomics/methods
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 175-181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969822

ABSTRACT

Objective: Retrospective analysis of the efficacy and influencing factors of bladder preservation integrated therapy for unresectable invasive bladder cancer confined to the pelvis was done, also including the bladder function preservation and adverse effects analysis. Methods: Sixty-nine patients with unresectable locally invasive bladder cancer who received radiotherapy-based combination therapy from March 1999 to December 2021 at our hospital were selected. Among them, 42 patients received concurrent chemoradiotherapy, 32 underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapyand 43 with transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) prior to radiotherapy. The late adverse effect of radiotherapy, preservation of bladder function, replase and metastasis and survival were followed-up. Cox proportional hazards models were applied for the multifactorial analysis. Results: The median age was 69 years. There were 63 cases (91.3%) of uroepithelial carcinoma, 64 of stage Ⅲ and 4 of stage Ⅳ. The median duration of follow-up was 76 months. There were 7 grade 2 late genito urinary toxicities, 2 grade 2 gastrointestinal toxicities, no grade 3 or higher adverse events occurred. All patients maintained normal bladder function, except for 8 cases who lost bladder function due to uncontrolled tumor in the bladder. Seventeen cases recurred locally. There were 11 cases in the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group with a local recurrence rate of 26.2% (11/42) and 6 cases in the non-concurrent chemoradiotherapy group with a local recurrence rate of 22.2% (6/27), and the difference in local recurrence rate between the two groups was not statistically significant (P=0.709). There were 23 cases of distant metastasis (including 2 cases of local recurrence with distant metastasis), including 10 cases in the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group with a distant metastasis rate of 23.8% (10/42) and 13 cases in the non-concurrent chemoradiotherapy group with a distant metastasis rate of 48.1% (13/27), and the distant metastasis rate in the non-concurrent chemoradiotherapy group was higher than that in the concurrent chemoradiotherapy group (P=0.036). The median 5-year overall survival (OS) time was 59 months and the OS rate was 47.8%. The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) time was 20 months and the PFS rate was 34.4%. The 5-year OS rates of concurrent and non-concurrent chemoradiotherapy group were 62.9% and 27.6% (P<0.001), and 5-year PFS rates were 45.4% and 20.0%, respectively (P=0.022). The 5-year OS rates of with or without neoadjuvant chemotherapy were 78.4% and 30.1% (P=0.002), and the 5-year PFS rates were 49.1% and 25.1% (P=0.087), respectively. The 5-year OS rates with or without TURBT before radiotherapy were 45.5% and 51.9% (P=0.233) and the 5-year PFS rates were 30.8% and 39.9% (P=0.198), respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis results showed that the clinical stage (HR=0.422, 95% CI: 0.205-0.869) was independent prognostic factor for PFS of invasive bladder cancer. The multivariate analysis showed that clinical stages (HR=0.278, 95% CI: 0.114-0.678), concurrent chemoradiotherapy (HR=0.391, 95% CI: 0.165-0.930), neoadjuvant chemotherapy (HR=0.188, 95% CI: 0.058-0.611), and recurrences (HR=10.855, 95% CI: 3.655-32.638) were independent prognostic factors for OS of invasive bladder cancer. Conclusion: Unresectable localized invasive bladder cancer can achieve satisfactory long-term outcomes with bladder-preserving combination therapy based on radiotherapy, most patients can retain normal bladder function with acceptable late adverse effects and improved survival particularly evident in patients with early, concurrent chemoradiotherapy and neoadjuvant chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Combined Modality Therapy , Chemoradiotherapy/methods , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Staging
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