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1.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 892-898, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of intraplaque neovascularization (IPN) detected by carotid contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with revascularization in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*METHODS@#This study was conducted among 105 patients who were followed up for more than 12 months after PCI. All the patients received CEUS examination for assessment of carotid plaque formation and IPN, which were compared between patients with revascularization (REV group, n=27) and those without revascularization (N-REV group, n=78). ROC curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of CEUS for predicting revascularization. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors associated with revascularization.@*RESULTS@#In the REV group, the IPN score was 0 in 1 (3.7%) patient, 1 in 8 (29.6%) patients, 2 in 15 (55.6%) patients and 3 in 3 (11.1%) patients. Significant differences were noted between REV and N-REV groups in plaque length (15.70±6.93 vs 12.10±6.64, P < 0.05), maximum plaque thickness (3.69±1.12 vs 3.14±1.18, P < 0.05) and IPN (1.74±0.71 vs 0.87±0.63, P < 0.001). IPN score was identified as an independent risk factor for revascularization in patients following PCI, and at the cutoff value of 1.5, its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for predicting the occurrence of revascularization were 74%, 89%, 69%, and 91%, respectively, with an AUC of 0.848 (95% CI: 0.703-0.905, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#CEUS allows noninvasive and semi-quantitative assessment of neovascularization in carotid artery plaques, and IPN detected by CEUS is correlated with the risk of revascularization in patients following PCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , ROC Curve , Risk Factors , Vascular Surgical Procedures
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 132-140, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the incidence of extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) and its risk factors in very preterm infants (VPIs) during hospitalization in China.@*METHODS@#A prospective multicenter study was performed on the medical data of 2 514 VPIs who were hospitalized in the department of neonatology in 28 hospitals from 7 areas of China between September 2019 and December 2020. According to the presence or absence of EUGR based on the evaluation of body weight at the corrected gestational age of 36 weeks or at discharge, the VPIs were classified to two groups: EUGR group (n=1 189) and non-EUGR (n=1 325). The clinical features were compared between the two groups, and the incidence of EUGR and risk factors for EUGR were examined.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of EUGR was 47.30% (1 189/2 514) evaluated by weight. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher weight growth velocity after regaining birth weight and higher cumulative calorie intake during the first week of hospitalization were protective factors against EUGR (P<0.05), while small-for-gestational-age birth, prolonged time to the initiation of total enteral feeding, prolonged cumulative fasting time, lower breast milk intake before starting human milk fortifiers, prolonged time to the initiation of full fortified feeding, and moderate-to-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia were risk factors for EUGR (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is crucial to reduce the incidence of EUGR by achieving total enteral feeding as early as possible, strengthening breastfeeding, increasing calorie intake in the first week after birth, improving the velocity of weight gain, and preventing moderate-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in VPIs.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Fetal Growth Retardation , Gestational Age , Hospitalization , Incidence , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
3.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 433-439, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD)in very preterm infants(VPI), and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of BPD in VPI.Methods:A prospective multicenter study was designed to collect the clinical data of VPI in department of neonatology of 28 hospitals in 7 regions from September 2019 to December 2020.According to the continuous oxygen dependence at 28 days after birth, VPI were divided into non BPD group and BPD group, and the risk factors of BPD in VPI were analyzed.Results:A total of 2 514 cases of VPI including 1 364 cases without BPD and 1 150 cases with BPD were enrolled.The incidence of BPD was 45.7%.The smaller the gestational age and weight, the higher the incidence of BPD( P<0.001). Compared with non BPD group, the average birth age, weight and cesarean section rate in BPD group were lower, and the incidence of male infants, small for gestational age and 5-minute apgar score≤7 were higher( P<0.01). In BPD group, the incidences of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome(NRDS), hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus, retinopathy of prematurity, feeding intolerance, extrauterine growth restriction, grade Ⅲ~Ⅳ intracranial hemorrhage, anemia, early-onset and late-onset sepsis, nosocomial infection, parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis were higher( P<0.05), the use of pulmonary surfactant(PS), postnatal hormone exposure, anemia and blood transfusion were also higher, and the time of invasive and non-invasive mechanical ventilation, oxygen use and total hospital stay were longer( P<0.001). The time of starting enteral nutrition, cumulative fasting days, days of reaching total enteral nutrition, days of continuous parenteral nutrition, days of reaching 110 kcal/(kg·d) total calorie, days of reaching 110 kcal/(kg·d) oral calorie were longer and the breastfeeding rate was lower in BPD group than those in non BPD group( P<0.001). The cumulative doses of amino acid and fat emulsion during the first week of hospitalization were higher in BPD group( P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that NRDS, invasive mechanical ventilation, age of reaching total enteral nutrition, anemia and blood transfusion were the independent risk factors for BPD in VPI, and older gestational age was the protective factor for BPD. Conclusion:Strengthening perinatal management, avoiding premature delivery and severe NRDS, shortening the time of invasive mechanical ventilation, paying attention to enteral nutrition management, reaching whole intestinal feeding as soon as possible, and strictly mastering the indications of blood transfusion are very important to reduce the incidence of BPD in VPI.

4.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 403-409, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928921

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the differences between the serum metabolites in patients with adenomatous polyps of the colon and yang-deficiency constitution and those without colon polyps and with balanced constitution, and look for biomarkers that can be used to distinguish between the two groups.@*METHODS@#General patient information was gathered, and Chinese medicine constitution were collected in 940 patients who underwent electronic colonoscopy. A total of 119 patients with adenomatous polyps of the colon and yang-deficiency constitution were included in the experimental group, and 150 patients without colon polyps and with balanced constitution were included in the control group. Metabolomics analysis was performed on the fasting venous blood obtained from each patient in both groups. Principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis were performed on the detection results, potential biomarkers were screened, metabolic pathway changes were determined, and the metabolic processes involved were discussed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 59 differential biomarkers between the experimental group and the control group were identified. The differential metabolites were found mainly in the glycerophospholipid metabolism pathway, and the bile acid 3-oxo-4,6-choladienoic acid was the biomarker that distinguished the experimental group from the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#With the help of metabolomics analysis, the differential metabolites in patients with adenomatous polyps of the colon and yang-deficiency constitution and those in patients without colon polyps and with balanced constitution could be identified. The biomarker 3-oxo-4,6-choladienoic acid may have potential diagnostic value in patients with adenomatous polyp of the colon and yang-deficiency constitution. (Trial Registration No. NCT02986308).


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenomatous Polyps , Biomarkers , Chromatography, Liquid , Colon , Mass Spectrometry , Yang Deficiency
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2041-2048, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936562

ABSTRACT

With the in-depth study on the gut microflora, the impact of intestinal bacteria on human health has attracted more and more attention. It has become a research hotspot in life science and medicine, and is considered as an important target of disease control. Prebiotics can regulate the composition and function of intestinal flora and then improve host health. Carbohydrate is the most basic prebiotic. Its unique physiochemical characteristics and gut microbiota-regulating ability make it a promising ingredient for achieving drug target delivery and intestinal health promotion. In this paper, different kinds of prebiotics and their regulation mechanism of intestinal bacteria were illuminated. Moreover, the research progress of carbohydrate prebiotics in drug delivery system was elucidated, and its application prospect is prospected, so as to provide reference for related research.

6.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 40-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927844

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the performance of micro-flow imaging(MFI)in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules. Methods Totally 50 patients with thyroid nodules examined by conventional ultrasound,MFI,and contrast-enhanced ultrasound and confirmed by histological or cytological pathology in the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from May to December in 2020 were enrolled in the study.The clinical data and ultrasound images were retrospectively analyzed.A binary logistic regression model was established to evaluate the performance of the model in predicting benign and malignant thyroid nodules. Results Logistic regression showed that composition and "S-W-C" sign were independent risk factors for predicting malignant thyroid nodule.The sensitivity,specificity,and Youden index of the logistic regression model were 73.33%,80.00%,and 0.53,respectively,and the area under receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.799(95%CI=0.662-0.899). Conclusion MFI facilitates the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules and has the potential to be applied in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnosis, Differential , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 757-765, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922876

ABSTRACT

UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS metabonomics technology was used to clarify the metabolic regulation pathways by which Platycodon total saponins (PTS) exert antitussive and expectorant effects in a mouse cough model, in which coughing is induced by concentrated ammonia, and in a phenol red excretion model. After approval by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Jiangxi University of Chinese Medicine (Approval No. JZLLSC-20190235), the mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a positive drug group and a PTS group. Endogenous metabolites in mouse serum were identified by UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS. Principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used for multivariate analysis. Metabolic pathways were analyzed by the Metaboanalyst platform. The results show that PTS can significantly prolong the cough latent period and cough frequency of mice, and significantly increase phenol red excretion. UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS identified 19 metabolites related to cough, and PTS significantly decreased 16 of them; 17 metabolites related to expectoration were identified, and PTS decreased the levels of all. Metabolic pathway analysis showed that linoleic acid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism were the main pathways involved in serum metabolite changes in this mouse cough model. Linoleic acid metabolism, phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, arachidonic acid metabolism, phenylalanine metabolism and α-linolenic acid metabolism were the main pathways involved in serum metabolite changes in the phenol red excretion model. This study is the first to elucidate the regulation of antitussive and expectorant metabolic pathways and the effect of PTS on these pathways.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 85-91, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906241

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the analgesic effects of Wenjing Zhitong prescription (WZP) and explore its possible analgesic mechanisms so as to provide experimental basis for research and development of new Chinese medicine. Method:Analgesic effects of WZP were evaluated by observing the writhing latency and number in the writhing models which were induced by oxytocin in rats as well as those induced by acetic acid and prostaglandin E<sub>1</sub> (PGE<sub>1</sub>), respectively in mice. Effect of WZP on uterine contraction frequency, amplitude and activity were evaluated by observing the oxytocin-induced contraction of uterine smooth muscle in rats and rabbits <italic>in vivo</italic>. In the oxytocin-induced rat writhing models, the content of prostaglandin F<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α </sub></italic>(PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic>) and prostaglandin E<sub>2 </sub>(PGE<sub>2</sub>) in rat uterine tissues and the content of beta-endorphins (<italic>β</italic>-EP) in rat serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Expression of estrogen receptor (ER) and oxytocin receptor (OTR) in rat uterine were tested by Real-time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) method to investigate the possible molecular mechanism of WZP for its analgesic effect. Result:Results of analgesic effect showed that in oxytocin-induced rat writhing experiment, the number of writhing responses in both the WZP (1.5,3.0 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group was lower than than in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In acetic acid-induced mice writhing experiment, the latency of writhing response in WZP (6.0 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group was significantly prolonged as compared with that in model group <italic>(P</italic><0.01), and the number of writhing response was significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In PGE<sub>1</sub>-induced mice writhing model, the writhing number in WZP (1.5,3.0,6.0 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) groups was significantly lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Results of effect on uterine smooth muscle demonstrated that WZP (0.38,0.75,1.50 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) could significantly reduce the frequency of uterine smooth muscle contraction in rabbits (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), WZP (0.75,1.50,3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) could significantly reduce the contractile amplitude and activity of smooth muscle in the uterus of rats (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Results of molecular mechanisms of analgesic effects showed that the WZP (0.75,1.50,3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) significantly reduced the content of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic> and the ratio of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic> to PGE<sub>2</sub> in the uterine tissue of rats (<italic>P</italic><0.01). In the WZP (3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, the levels of <italic>β</italic>-EP in the serum of rats were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the levels of OTR in uterus of rats in the WZP (1.50,3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Pharmacological studies demonstrated potent analgesic effect of WZP, and such analgesic effect were mediated by significantly inhibiting contraction of uterine smooth muscle, decreasing the contents of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub> </italic>and ratio of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic>/PGE<sub>2</sub>, reducing OTR expression in uterine as well as increasing the amount of <italic>β</italic>-EP in serum.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 90-98, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possible mechanism of Xieheyin in alleviating obese polycystic ovary syndrome with insulin resistance(PCOS-IR)and reducing inflammatory response. Method:Ten of sixty SPF femlae C57BL/6J mice were randomly selected as the normal group,and the rest mice were given letrozole 0.002 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> combined with fecal suspension 2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> for 28 consecutive days to establish model of PCOS-IR.The mice that were successfully modeled were randomized into the model group,metformin group(0.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),and low(10 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),medium(20 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),and high-dose(40 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>)Xieheyin groups,and administered with the corresponding drugs by gavage,once a day,for four consecutive weeks. Except the normal control group, the mice in the other groups were continuously given fecal suspension combined with letrozole solution to maintain the model during the treatment. The mice were weighed once a week.Levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG) were detected by blood glucose test strips.And enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to detect serum testosterone(T),follicle stimulating hormone(FSH),luteinizing hormone(LH),fasting insulin(FINS)level,and LH/FSH and Homeostasis model assesment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were calculated.The uterus and ovaries were weighed and fixed.Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining was used to observe ovarian tissue pathology morphology. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of tight junction key molecular zonula occludens 1(ZO-1),occludin in colon tissues,and the expression levels of Toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor kappa B/Nod-like receptor protein 3(TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3)signaling pathway and inflammation associated proteins cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1(Caspase-1) and interleukin-1<italic>β</italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) in colon tissues. Result:Compared with normal control group,the body weight of mice in the model control group increased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Serum FINS,FBG,HOMA-IR,T,LH/FSH were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The uterine organ ratio were decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01),while the ovarian organ ratio were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The number of atresia follicles and cystic dilatation follicles increased significantly,and the number of corpus luteum significantly decreased,the thickness of follicular granulosa cells also decreased,while the white membrane thickness of the ovary increased. Tight junction related ZO-1,occludin proteins in colon tissues were all decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01).The relative expression levels of inflammation-related protein IL-1<italic>β</italic>,Caspase-1 and TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 target protein signaling pathway were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05).Compared with model control group, the body weight of mice in the low,middle and high dose Xieheyin group decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The serum T,LH/FSH,FINS,FBG,HOMA-IR were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The uterine organ ratio were increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05),while the ovarian organ ratio were decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The number of cystic follicles decreased and corpus luteum increased,the thickness of follicular granulosa cells increased and be arranged normally,while the white membrane thickness of the ovary increased slightly. The expressions of ZO-1,occludin proteins were increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>,Caspase-1 and TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 target protein in the high dose group were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Xieheyin could activate intestinal TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 signaling pathway,inhibit pro-inflammatory factor secretion,improve obesity and IR,which was correlated with rebuilding intestinal mucosal barrier and inhibiting intestinal inflammation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 654-656, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837628

ABSTRACT

Autophagy, a conserved intracellular degradation system, is a specific life phenomenon in eukaryocytes. Autophagy is widely accepted as a pathway that double-membrane autophagosomes envelop and sequester intracellular cytoplasmic components and then fuse with lysosomes to form autolysosomes, which degrade their contents to regenerate nutrients. Autophagy may be triggered by starvation and a diverse range of pathogens, including parasites. Following infection with intracellular parasites, host cells may eliminate parasites by autophagy. However, parasites may develop self-defense mechanisms, and promote the self-growth and -development by host cell autophagy. This review describes the advances in the interplay between parasitic infections and host cell autophagy. Understanding autophagy is of great significance for the management of parasitic infections and the development of antiparasitic drugs.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 111-117, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873192

ABSTRACT

Objective:The SD rat model of hyperplasia of mammary gland(HMG) and the ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS) technology were used to explore the pharmacological material basis of Shuangjin Sanjie granules (SJSJG) for the treatment on HMG.Method:SD rat models of HMG were administered in groups, and the nipple height and the diameter were measured; the levels of estradiol (E2), progesterone (P) and prolactin (PRL) in serum were detected, pathological examination was conducted for the hyperplasia of breast tissue. Histochemical methods were used to detect the expressions of estrogen receptor α (ERα), androgen receptor (AR), progesterone receptor (PR), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) proteins. Finally, UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS technology was used to detect the main chemical constituents of SJSJG, and the pharmacodynamic substance basis was analyzed based on the pharmacological effect.Result:The results of animal experiments showed that compared with the normal group, nipple height and diameter of the model group increased remarkably (P<0.01), serum E2 significantly increased (P<0.01). Pathological examination showed abnormal hyperplasia of breast tissue, expressions of ERα, AR, PR and TNF-α increased, compared with the model group, the nipple height and diameter of the SJSJG group decreased remarkably (P<0.01), serum E2 was decreased significantly (P<0.01), pathological examination showed weakened abnormal hyperplasia of breast tissue, ERα, AR, PR and TNF-α protein expressions were significant decreased (P<0.01). The results of basic material study showed that 85 chemical components were identified from SJSJG, including 16 alkaloids, 7 flavonoids, 15 terpenes, 9 phenolic acid compounds, 3 coumarin compounds, 10 esters and lactone compounds, 7 fatty acids compounds, 4 amino acids compounds, and 14 other types of ingredients, among them, alkaloids and terpenoids chemical drug substances were closely related.Conclusion:SJSJG can effectively improve the condition of breast hyperplasia, and its medicinal substance basis may include saikosaponin A, Saikosaponin D, verticinone, peimine.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 119-125, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the components with urate anion transporter 1(URAT1) regulation effect and their combination mechanisms of Lagotis brevituba by integrating techniques of HK-2 cell capture,UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and molecular docking,so as to provide material and theory bases for the development of new hypouricemic medicines based on L. brevituba. Method:The HK-2 cells were applied to capture the components of L. brevituba. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to identify those components. The molecular docking technique was adopted to study the interaction mechanism between the compounds and URAT1. Result:Eight components were successfully screened and identified as hyperoside,plantamajoside,kaempferol-3-O-glucoside,lugrandoside,nepitrin,isolugrandoside,homoplantaginin,luteolin,respectively. Those components could combine with URAT1 mainly through hydrogen bond,van der Waals force and hydrophobic action,which were closely related to structure and compound types. Furthermore,the LibDock score of phenylethanoids was higher than that of flavonoids. Conclusion:The integration of target cell capture,UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and molecular docking techniques could be successfully used to identify captured compounds of L. brevituba with URAT1 regulation effects and illustrate their potential combination mechanisms as well as the structure-activity relationships. The findings may provide material and theory bases for the development of new hypouricemic medicines based on L. brevituba.

13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 190-196, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826383

ABSTRACT

To explore the value of conventional ultrasound combined with shear-wave elastography in the quantitative evaluation of sciatic nerve crush injury in rabbit models. Forty healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into four groups (=10 in each group):three crush injury (CI) groups (2,4,and 8 weeks after crush) and control group (without injury). The thickness and stiffness of the crushed sciatic nerves and denervated triceps surae muscles were measured at different time points and compared with histopathologic parameters. Inter-reader variability was assessed with intraclass correlation coefficients. Compared with the control group,the inner diameters of the sciatic nerves significantly increased in the 2-week CI group [(1.65±0.34) mm (0.97±0.15) mm,=0.00] but recovered to the nearly normal level in the 8-week CI group [(1.12±0.18) mm (0.97±0.15) mm,=0.06];however,compared with control group [(8.75±1.02)kPa],the elastic modulus of the nerves increased significantly in all the CI groups [2-week:(14.77±2.53) kPa;4-week:(19.12±3.46) kPa;and 8-week:(28.39±5.26) kPa;all =0.00];pathologically,massive hyperplasia of collagen fibers were found in the nerve tissues. The thickness of denervated triceps surae muscle decreased gradually,and the elastic modulus decreased 2 weeks after injury but increased gradually in the following 6 weeks;pathologically,massive hyperplasia of collagen fibers and adipocytes infiltration were visible,along with decreased muscle wet-weight ratio and muscle fiber cross-sectional area. The inter-reader agreements were good. Conventional ultrasound combined with shear-wave elastography is feasible for the quantitative evaluation of the morphological and mechanical properties of crushed nerves and denervated muscles.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Crush Injuries , Diagnostic Imaging , Elastic Modulus , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Muscle, Skeletal , Pathology , Random Allocation , Sciatic Nerve , Wounds and Injuries , Ultrasonography
14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 89-95, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the pharmacodynamics and mechanism of Chaijin Sanjie prescription (CJSJP) on rat mammary gland hyperplasia, in order to provide experimental basis for the research and development of new Chinese medicine. Method:SD rat model of mammary gland hyperplasia was established through exogenous intramuscular injection with estrogen and progesterone. After successful establishment of the model, the rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, and low, medium and high-dose CJSJP groups (3.13, 6.26, 12.52 g·kg-1) and Rupixiao (0.517 g·kg-1) group, with 9 rats in each group. After 28 days of administration, estradiol (E2), progesterone (P) and rolactin (PRL) were measured by radioimmunoassay, uterus and ovary coefficients were calculated; nipple diameter and breast histopathology were observed, estrogen receptor-α(ER-α) expression in mammary gland was measured by immunohistochemistry, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRH-R) mRNA expressions in hypothalamus, pituitary were measured by Real-time PCR. ICR mice were randomly divided into normal group, low, medium and high-dose CJSJP groups (5.2,10.4,20.8 g·kg-1) and Luotongding group (0.038 6 g·kg-1) according to their body weight. Twelve mice in each group were given drugs for 7 days, and 0.6% acetic acid was injected intraperitoneally for 30 minutes after the last administration. The writhing times were observed within 15 minutes. Result:Compared with the normal group, the diameter of nipple was widened, serum E2 was significantly increased (Pα expression were increased in model group. compared with model group, the diameter of nipple was significantly decreased in high dose group of CJSJP (P2 was decreased in all dose groups of CJSJP, pathological score of breast hyperplasia was decreased in middle and high dose groups of CJSJP, GnRH mRNA in hypothalamus was decreased in all dose groups of CJSJP. The writhing times of mice in high dose group of CJSJP was decreased (PConclusion:Chaijin Sanjie prescription can improve the lesions of breast hyperplasia. The therapeutic mechanism may be related to the regulation of GnRH gene expression in hypothalamus and the decrease of estrogen receptor expression.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 227-234, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801956

ABSTRACT

Gout is caused by the nucleation and growth of monosodium rate crystals in tissues and around joints, which is followed by long-standing hyperuricemia and serum urate of above the saturation threshold. It could cause a series of complications, such as cardiovascular, hypertension, and renal complications. Over the past two decades, the incidences of hyperuricemia and gout have been increasing due to the continuous improvement of living standards and the changes in dietary structure. The prime and most important therapy for hyperuricemia and gout is to reduce serum uric acid levels, but the western medicine for reducing uric acid in clinical application has serious toxic and side effects. With the rapid development of modern science and technology, the application and development of different screening methods for effective ingredients with a low toxicity and side effects from Chinese herbal medicines for reducing serum uric acid levels has attracted much attention in the research and development of drugs for the prevention and treatment of hyperuricemia and gout. In this study, the screening methods for extracts, fractions, active monomer components and other effective substances were reviewed and analyzed. According to the findings, the screening methods had a considerable progress both in vivo and in vitro. The results showed that the in vivo methods were mainly applied for studying the urate lowing effect and mechanisms of herbal extracts, while the studies for xanthine oxidase(XOD) inhibitors mainly depended on the in vitro methods. Molecular docking homology modeling and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry have become a new trend for screening effective substances with XOD inhibitory activities and uric acid excretion activities, while cell model will open up a new way for screening effective substances for uric acid excretion. The review provides certain reference for effective components screening of hyperuricemia and gout.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Library and Information Science ; (12): 1-5,49, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712449

ABSTRACT

A framework for assessing the impact of health information service in library was established according to the Methods and procedures for assessing the impact of library issued by the International Standardization Organiza-tion in 2014 by summarizing the health information service practices in foreign and domestic libraries. The indica-tions for assessing the impact of health information service in library were worked out for individuals, organizations/communities, and society with related assessment procedures summarized in order to provide reference for the health information service and its impact assessment in library.

17.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 341-346, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710191

ABSTRACT

AIM To establish an HPLC method for the simultaneous content determination of phellodendrine chloride,berberine hydrochloride,jatrorrhizine hydrochloride,(R,S)-goitrine,astilbin,hesperidin and atractylenolide Ⅲ in Supplemented Ermiao Granules (Phellodendri chinensis Cortex,Atractylodis Rhizoma,Smilacis glabrae Rhizoma,etc.) and to establish fingerprints.METHODS The analysis of 70% methanol extract of this drug was performed on a 35 ℃ thermostatic Amethyst C18-H column (4.6 mm ×250 mm,5 μm),with the mobile phase comprising of 0.05 mol/L potassium dihydrogen phosphate-acetonitrile flowing at 1.0 mL/min in a gradient elution manner,and the detection wavelengths were set at 237,291 nm.RESULTS Seven constituents showed good linear relationships within their own ranges (r =1),whose average recoveries were 95.77%-110.36% with the RS-Ds of 0.06%-2.94%.There were twenty common peaks in the fingerprints of fourteen batches of samples with the similarities of more than 0.990,five of which (5-hydroxymethylfurfural,phellodendrine,astilbin,hesperidin and berberine hydrochloride) were identified.CONCLUSION This stable,reliable and reproducible method can be used for the quality control of Supplemented Ermiao Granules.

18.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 340-343, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614265

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the difference of the curative effect between incision-thread-drawing procedure and traditional incision drainage in the treatment of perianal abscess.Methods A total of 150 patients diagnosed with perianal abscess and treated at the first time from June 2015 to June 2016 in our department were selected as the research object in this experiment,who were divided into the observation group(75 cases) and control group(75 cases) according to the surgical method.Patients in the observation group were performed with incision-thread-drawing procedure,while the control group were treated by traditional incision drainage.The overall treatment effect,operation time,postoperative recovery time,hospital stay,hospital costs,wound healing time and postoperative complications between the two groups were observed and compared.Results The difference of the overall treatment effects between two groups were not statistically significant(P>0.05).The operation time,the postoperative recovery time,the hospitalization time and the cost,the time of wound healing of observation group were significantly better than the ones of the control group,the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).The recurrence rates of anal fistula,abscess and other complications in patients of observation group were significantly lower than the ones of control group.The differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion Compared with traditional incision drainage,the incision-thread-drawing procedure is more effective with less complications and lower recurrence rate,which should be the first choice for the treatment of perianal abscess.

19.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 375-378, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511583

ABSTRACT

Objective To monitor and compare the breathing mechanics on PC,VC and PRVC during pneumoperitoneum,and to discuss the significance of the clinic use of PRVC.Method Ninety laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients were equally divided into 3 groups (PC,VC,PRVC).Levels of PES,PAWM,PAP,PaCO2,ETCO2,TV MAP and HR were detected before pneumoperitoneum,and at 5,10,15 and 20 minutes postpneumoperitoneum.Results Pneumoperitoneum made three respiratory patterns with different levels of PAWM,PAP,and PES.PES post-pneumoperitoneum in the VC model was obviously higher than that in the PC and PRVC group.At 10 min post-pneumoperitoneum,levels of PaCO2 and ETCO2 increased obviously in the PC and VC group(P < 0.05).Levels of PaCO2 and ETCO2 were increased in the PC group,but TV level post-pneumoperitoneum was significantly lower than that in the other two groups (P < 0.05).Level of PaCO2 and ETCO2 were increased in the PC and VC group post-pneumoperitoneum,along with increases of MAP and HR (P < 0.05).Levels of MAP and HR in the PRVC group post-pneumoperitoneum were significantly lower than those in the PC and VC group (P < 0.05).Conclusion PRVC mode can effectively reduce the increases of pneumoperitoneum-induced PAWM,PAP,PES,without the unusual increase of PaCO2 and ETCO2 during surgeries,contributing to the stability of vital signs of perioperative patients.

20.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 29-32, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508242

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids ( PPH) for treatment of rectal mucosa prolapse.Methods The 100 patients who suffered from rectal mucosa prolapse and were planning to take surgical treatment for the first time in our hospital from June 2013 to June 2015 were randomly divided into the treatment group and the control group .Patients in the treatment group(n=50) underwent PPH while patients in the control group (n=50) underwent traditional simplified mucosal plication technique .To observe the therapeutic effect of the two groups ,the average operation time ,average length of stay in hospital ,postoperative pain within 72 hours,postoperative anal function and postoperative complications of the two groups .Results There was no significant difference in the over-all treatment effect between the two groups(P>0.05).The average operation time, average length of stay in hospital,postoperative pain with-in 72 hours and postoperative anal function of the treatment group were lower than those of the control group ,and the differences were significant (P0.05).Conclusion Compare to the traditional simplified mucosal plication technique ,PPH technique has more advantages such as shorter operation time ,less anguish of patients,less complication,shorter hospitalization time,and higher security, which indicates PPH could become the preferred method for treatment of rectal mucosa prolapse .

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