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1.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 276-280, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885416

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced Parkinsonism (DIP) is a common complication of antipsychotic drugs, calcium channel antagonists, gastrointestinal prokinetic drugs, and antiepileptic drugs and the most common secondary Parkinsonism in the elderly. DIP caused by various drugs is not uncommon in clinic. However, it is easy to omit diagnosis and treatment. Withdrawal of offending drugs is the main treatment and lower risk drugs should be switched if the drug in use cannot be discontinued. The advances in definition, risk factors, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment, and prognosis of DIP are reviewed in this paper, in order to improve cognition for this curable iatrogenic disease in clinical practice.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 438-442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883903

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop and validate a clinical prediction model for the risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmia in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during hospitalization, and evaluate the effect of the prediction model.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted. A total of 2 649 patients with AMI admitted to cardiology department of Changzhou No.2 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from December 2012 to August 2020 were enrolled. The clinical characteristics including gender, age, medical history, discharge diagnosis, vital signs during hospitalization, electrocardiogram characteristics at admission, laboratory examination indexes, interventional treatment, drug usage, malignant ventricular arrhythmias [mainly included sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular flutter or ventricular fibrillation (VF)], and death were recorded. All patients were divided into two groups according to whether VT/VF occurred during their hospitalization. Independent risk factors for VT/VF during hospitalization were evaluated by multivariate Logistic regression analysis, and a clinical prediction model was constructed. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted, and the area under ROC curve (AUC) was calculated to evaluate the accuracy of the prediction model.Results:A total of 2 649 eligible patients with AMI were enrolled, of whom 134 (5.06%) developed VT/VF during hospitalization. The in-hospital mortality rate in VT/VF group was significantly higher than that in non-VT/VF group (38.1% vs. 1.7%, P < 0.01). Compared with the non-VT/VF group, the patients in the VT/VF group with lower systolic blood pressure [SBP (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 125.9±28.2 vs. 132.0±24.2], higher random blood glucose (mmol/L: 8.6±4.8 vs. 7.4±3.7), worse cardiac function [Killip heart function grade ≥ 3: 36.6% vs. 10.7%, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 0.50: 56.7% vs. 33.6%, frequent premature ventricular contractions: 12.7% vs. 1.2%] and more hypokalemia (46.3% vs. 17.3%), with significant differences (all P < 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that Killip classification of cardiac function ≥ 3 [odds ratio ( OR) = 3.540, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 2.336-5.363], random blood glucose > 11.1 mmol/L ( OR = 1.841, 95% CI was 1.171-2.893), LVEF < 0.50 ( OR = 0.546, 95% CI was 0.374-0.797), frequent premature ventricular contractions ( OR = 12.361, 95% CI was 6.077-25.144), potassium < 3.5 mmol/L ( OR = 4.268, 95% CI was 2.910-6.259), SBP < 90 mmHg ( OR = 0.299, 95% CI was 0.150-0.597) and creatinine (Cr) > 100 μmol/L ( OR = 2.498, 95% CI was 1.170-5.334) were independent risk factors for VT/VF in patients with AMI (all P < 0.05). The clinical prediction model of VT/VF risk was constructed based on the variables selected by multivariate regression analysis. The ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of the model in predicting VT/VF was 0.779 (95% CI was 0.735-0.823, P < 0.001); the optimal cut-off value of the model was 17, the sensitivity was 76.1%, the specificity was 67.3%. Conclusions:The incidence of VT/VF during hospitalization of AMI patients significantly increases the risk of in-hospital death. The independent risk factors of VT/VF are Killip grade ≥ 3, random blood glucose > 11.1 mmol/L, LVEF < 0.50, frequent ventricular premature beats, potassium < 3.5 mmol/L, SBP < 90 mmHg and Cr > 100 μmol/L. The newly constructed clinical prediction model has certain predictive value for the occurrence risk of VT/VF.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905165

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the behavior of seeking medical care for people with disabilities under the background of Health Poverty Alleviation. Methods:Descriptive statistics method was used to analyze the behavior of seeking medical care for people with disabilities based on the data of the National Health Poverty Alleviation Dynamic Management System. Results:The Three Batch action plan mainly focuses on contracted services for chronic diseases; the number of visits for people with disabilities gradually increases, the proportion of visits within the county increases, and the proportion of hospitalizations decreases. The hospitals visited are mainly secondary hospitals, township health hospitals and community health service centers, and the medical expenditure is relatively high. These phenomena are different among disability conditions. Conclusion:The behavior of people with disabilities was remarkably improved after Health Poverty Alleviation. In the future, we should consolidate the achievements of Health Poverty Alleviation, increase the prevention of chronic diseases for people with disabilities, and further improve the accessibility of medical services and the level of medical security for people with disabilities.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905062

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Biejiajian Wan on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of rat hepatic oval cells induced by transforming growth factor- β1(TGF-β1), in order to explore its mechanism in reversing EMT. Method:WB-F344 cells were divided into five groups: blank group, TGF-β1 model group (10 μg·L-1TGF-β1), low-dose group (10 μg·L-1TGF-β1+0.55 g·kg-1Biejiajian Wan), medium-dose group (10 μg·L-1TGF-β1+1.1 g·kg-1Biejiajian Wan), high-dose group (10 μg·L-1TGF-β1+2.2 g·kg-1Biejiajian Wan). Except blank group, TGF-β1 was used to induce WB-F344 cells in all of the remaining groups to construct an EMT model. After the cells were treated with low, medium and high doses of Biejiajian Wan serum, the changes of migration ability of WB-F344 cells were detected by cell scratching test. The expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin and Vimentin were detected by Western blot. Real-time PCR was used to detect the changes in the expression of β-catenin mRNA. The expression of β-catenin was detected by cell immunofluorescence assay. Result:Compared with normal WB-F344 cells, the intercellular space of WB-F344 cells became loose from tight, and the morphology changed from cobblestone to fibroblast after TGF-β1 induced WB-F344 cells for 4 days, and the expression of E-cadherin protein decreased, while the expression of N-cadherin protein increased (P<0.01), indicating that the EMT model of WB-F344 cells was successfully built. Compared with the blank group, the migration ability of WB-F344 cells in TGF-β1 model group was enhanced (P<0.01), compared with TGF-β1 model group, Biejiajian Wan could significantly inhibit the migration ability of WB-F344 cells; specifically, the low-dose group had no statistical significance, and the medium and high-dose groups had statistical significance (P<0.05). Western blot results showed that compared with the blank group, the expression of E-cadherin decreased, whereas those of N-cadherin and Vimentin increased in the TGF-β1 model group (P<0.01), compared with TGF-β1 model group, E-cadherin protein expression was increased in the low, medium and high-dose groups, while the expressions of N-cadherin and Vimentin was decreased; specifically, the low-dose groups had no statistical significance, and the medium and high dose groups had statistical significance (P<0.05,P<0.01). Real-time PCR results showed that compared with the blank group, the mRNA expression of β-catenin in the TGF-β1 model group was increased (P<0.05), whereas compared with TGF-β1 model group, the mRNA expression of β-catenin in the low, medium and high-dose groups of Biejiajian Wan was reduced (P<0.01). The results of cellular immunofluorescence showed that compared with the blank group, the fluorescence expression of β-catenin in the cell nucleus was enhanced in the TGF-β1 model group; and compared with the TGF-β1 model group, the expression of β -catenin in the cell nucleus of the low, medium and high-dose groups of Biejiajian Wan decreased, and the inhibitory effect of Biejiajian Wan on β-catenin in the cell nucleus was positively correlated with its concentration. Conclusion:Biejiajian Wan may reverse the EMT process that TGF-β1 induced WB-F344 cells, and inhibit the migration of WB-F344 cells by inhibiting Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the condition of subclinical cardiac damage in children with primary hypertension and the association between serum uric acid and subclinical cardiac damage.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 55 children who were hospitalized and diagnosed with primary hypertension in the Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to June 2020. Forty-five healthy children, matched for age and sex, were enrolled as the control group. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical features, laboratory examination, and parameters for left ventricular structure, systolic function, and diastolic function. The correlation of serum uric acid with the parameters for left ventricular structure, systolic function, and diastolic function in children with primary hypertension was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the hypertension group had significantly higher left ventricular mass (LVM), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), and relative wall thickness (RWT) (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with primary hypertension may have subclinical cardiac damage such as left ventricular hypertrophy, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, left atrial enlargement, and proximal aortic dilation. Elevated serum uric acid is significantly associated with cardiac damage in children with primary hypertension.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Child , Humans , Hypertension/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Uric Acid
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of children with recurrent medulloblastoma (MB) and treatment regimens.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 101 children with recurrent MB who were admitted to the hospital from August 1, 2011 to July 31, 2017. The children were followed up to July 31, 2020. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. The Cox regression model was used for multivariate regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#Of the 101 children, 95 underwent remission induction therapy, among whom 51 had response, resulting in a response rate of 54%. The median overall survival (OS) time after recurrence was 13 months, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 50.5%±5.0%, 19.8%±4.0%, and 10%±3.3% respectively. There was no significant difference in the 5-year OS rate between the children with different ages (< 3 years or 3-18 years), sexes, pathological types, or Change stages, between the children with or without radiotherapy before recurrence or re-irradiation after recurrence, and between the children with different times to recurrence (< 12 months or ≥ 12 months after surgery) (@*CONCLUSIONS@#As for the recurrence of MB, although remission induction therapy again can achieve remission, such children still have a short survival time. Only reoperation can significantly prolong survival time, and therefore, early reoperation can be considered to improve the outcome of children with recurrent MB.


Subject(s)
Cerebellar Neoplasms/therapy , Child , Humans , Medulloblastoma/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1606-1609, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of serum protein ROCK2 in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The patients were divided into cGVHD group and control group (without cGVHD). The expression levels of serum protein ROCK2 were detected by ELISA in patients with or without cGVHD after allo-HSCT.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of ROCK2 in serum of cGVHD patients was significantly higher than those in control group, moreover, the expression level of ROCK2 in severe cGVHD group was significant higher than that in moderate and mild cGVHD group (P<0.001). The expression level of ROCK2 was significantly decreased in the serum of cGVHD patients after treatment(P<0.01); the expression level of ROCK2 was significantly higher in the serum of cGVHD patients with lung as the target organ(P<0.01). The median survival time of patients with severe cGVHD were significantly shorter than that of patients with mild and moderate cGVHD(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ROCK2 shows certain reference value in the evaluation of severity and prognosis of cGVHD, and may be a new target for the treatment of cGVHD.


Subject(s)
Blood Proteins , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Transplantation, Homologous , rho-Associated Kinases
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921643

ABSTRACT

Chronic unpredicted mild stress(CUMS) combined with isolated feeding was used to induce depressed rat model. The anti-depressant effects of Zhizichi Decoction(ZZCD) and its solid fermented product(ZZC) were analyzed by behavioral test and comparison of pathological tissues of hippocampus and liver, metabolic characteristics of intestinal flora, and relative abundance of species. The results showed that ZZC could increase sucrose preference, shorten the immobility time in the forced swim test and tail suspension test(P<0.05), and repair damaged hippocampus and liver tissues, and the effect was superior to that of ZZCD. The results of Biolog ECO plates showed that the average well color development(AWCD) of intestinal flora in the model group significantly decreased and the metabolic levels of sugar and amino acids were reduced, while the AWCD of the treatment groups increased. The metabolic levels of the two carbon sources were improved in the ZZC group, while only sugar metabolic level was elevated in the ZZCD group. Metagenomic analysis of intestinal flora showed that the ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes was 3.87 in the control group, 21.77 in the model group, 5.91 in the ZZC group, and 18.48 in the ZZCD group. Lactobacillus increased by 3.28 times, and Prevotella and Bacteroidetes decreased by 75.59% and 76.39%, respectively in the model group as compared with that in the control group. Lactobacillus decreased by 31.13%, and Prevotella and Bacteroidetes increased by more than three times in the ZZC group as compared with that in the model group, while the corresponding changes in the ZZCD group were not significant. ZZC could improve depression-like beha-viors by regulating the structure of intestinal flora and metabolic functions and repairing damaged hippocampus and liver tissues in depressed rats, showing an anti-depressant effect superior to that of ZZCD. This study is expected to provide a basis for the development of new anti-depressant food products.


Subject(s)
Animals , Depression/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Fermentation , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Hippocampus , Rats , Stress, Psychological
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911637

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of myeloid sarcoma(MS).Methods:From January 2010 to May 2019, clinical data were reviewed for 89 MS cases. Age, gender, site of onset, type, comorbid diseases, lymphatic characteristics and disease remission status were analyzed. And 1-year survival rates were explored for different treatments including whether or not chemotherapy, transplantation and using hypomethylated drugs(HMAs)for maintenance after transplantation.Results:Among them, 21 cases had the data of chromosome karyotypic analysis and next generation sequencing and 8 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT). The 1-year overall survival rates(OS)of primary MS, MS with intramedullary disease and MS relapse after leukemic remission were 16.0%, 37.5% and 36.9% respectively( P=0.013). The 1-year OS of local treatment(surgical resection, intrathecal injection and local radiotherapy), chemotherapy plus local treatment and chemotherapy plus allo-HSCT was 0, 28.1% and 72.9% respectively( P=0.003). After two courses of treatment, the 1-year OS of patients with complete and incomplete remissions were 34.9% and 10.0% respectively( P=0.008). Half(4/8)MS patients relapsed within 1 year after transplantation and had a short survival.Three patients received decitabine after HSCT and all of them survived for a long time. Conclusions:Chemotherapy plus HSCT is efficacious for MS. Decitabine maintenance treatment after transplantation may prolong recurrence-free survival. However, a larger sample size is required for further clinical verifications.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2170-2176, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826456

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association between free triiodothyronine (FT3) and long-term prognosis in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients has not been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the level of FT3 could provide prognostic value in patients with DCM.@*METHODS@#Data of consecutive patients diagnosed with DCM were collected from October 2009 to December 2014. FT3 was measured by fluoroimmunoassay. Other biochemical markers, such as free thyroxin (FT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone, red blood cell, hemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen, and serum creatinine, were tested at the same time. Follow-up was performed every 3 months. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Pearson analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of FT3 and other lab metrics with DCM patients' prognosis. The association of long-term mortality in DCM and FT3 was compared using Cox hazards model.@*RESULTS@#Data of 176 patients diagnosed with DCM were collected. Of them, 24 patients missed FT3 values and six patients were lost to follow-up. Altogether, data of 146 patients were analyzed. During the median follow-up time of 79.9 (53.5-159.6) months, nine patients lost, 61 patients died (non-survival group), and 85 patients survived (survival group). FT3 was significantly lower in non-survival group than that in survival group (3.65 ± 0.83 pmol/L vs. 4.36 ± 1.91 pmol/L; P = 0.003). FT3 also showed a significantly positive correlation with red blood cell and hemoglobin, negatively correlated with age, blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine (P < 0.05), respectively. Patients in the group of lower FT3 levels (FT3 ≤3.49 pmol/L) suffered from a higher risk of all-cause mortality (P for log-rank = 0.001). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, FT3 level was significantly associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 0.70, 95% confidence interval 0.52-0.95, P for trend = 0.021).@*CONCLUSION@#Low levels of FT3 were associated with increased all-cause mortality in patients with DCM.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865549

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of stroke center on the treatment time and short-term prognosis in patients with ultra-early acute cerebral infarction (ACI) within 6 h treated with intravenous thrombolysis.Methods:The clinical data of 113 patients with ultra-early ACI treated with intravenous thrombolysis from July 2017 to July 2019 in Chaoyang City Central Hospital, Liaoning Province were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 40 patients who received intravenous thrombolysis before the establishment of the stroke center (from July 2017 to July 2018) were enrolled as control group, and 73 patients who received intravenous thrombolysis after the establishment of the stroke center (from August 2018 to July 2019) were as study group. The treatment time nodes were recorded, including the time of onset, time of ACI initial diagnosis, time of completing blood collection and index reporting, time of completing CT examination and diagnosis, time of informed consent and time of onset of intravenous thrombolysis. The short-term prognosis indexes were recorded, including the mortality rate, effective rate of intravenous thrombolysis, improvement rate of neurological deficit at discharge and length of stay.Results:The time of ACI initial diagnosis, time of informed consent and time of onset of intravenous thrombolysis in study group were significantly shorter than those in control group: (5.16 ± 1.97) min vs. (10.23 ± 7.80) min, (36.26 ± 21.89) min vs. (56.23 ± 40.97) min and (85.12 ± 35.46) min vs. (126.28 ± 50.14) min, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01); there were no statistical difference in the time of onset, time of completing blood collection and index reporting and time of completing CT examination and diagnosis between 2 groups ( P>0.05). The mortality rate in study group was significantly lower than that in control group: 1.4% (1/73) vs. 12.5% (5/40), the effective rate of intravenous thrombolysis and improvement rate of neurological deficit at discharge were significantly higher than those in control group: 84.9% (62/73) vs. 67.5% (27/40) and 76.7% (56/73) vs. 55.0% (22/40), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05); there was no statistical difference in length of stay between 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The establishment of standard stroke center can shorten the treatment time and improve the prognosis of patients with ultra-early ACI.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of haploid hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) and intensive immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA).Methods:The medical records of children newly diagnosed as SAA in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2013 to June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Among them, 33 patients received haplo-HSCT and 24 patients received IST that combined anti-thymocyte globulin(ATG) with Cyclosporine (CsA). The effective rate, overall survival (OS) rate, and failure free survival(FFS) rate of children in the haplo-HSCT group and the IST group were compared.Results:The median follow-up period was 25 months (9-60 months). There were 5 cases of early death in the haplo-HSCT group and 4 cases in the IST group, and the differences were not statistically significant ( P=0.822). Leaving out the early death cases, the effective rate in the haplo-HSCT group [100%(28/28 cases)] was higher than that in the IST group [30%(6/20 cases)] after 3 months of treatment, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=27.671, P<0.01). After 6 months of treatment, the effective rate in the haplo-HSCT group [92.9%(26/28 cases)] was higher than that in the IST group [65.0%(13/20 cases)], and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=5.943, P=0.015). After 12 months of treatment, the effective rate in the haplo-HSCT group [89.3%(25/28 cases)] was higher than that in the IST group [70.0%(14/20 cases)], but the difference was not statistically significant( P>0.05). The 3-year expected OS rate of children in the haplo-HSCT group and the IST group were 75.0% and 70.3%, respectively, with no statistically significant difference ( χ2=0.133, P=0.716). The 3-year expected FFS rate of children in the haplo-HSCT group (74.2%) was significantly higher than that in the IST group (48.7%), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.036, P=0.045). Conclusion:For children with SAA, haplo-HSCT is also an effective treatment if there is no sibling donor of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872818

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Biejia Jianwan on expressions of signal molecules and target genes of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smad pathway in diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced rat hepatocellular carcinoma, and explore the mechanisms of Biejia Jianwan suppressing the invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma. Method:The rats were divided into three group, namely normal group, model group and Biejia Jianwan group (2.2 g·kg-1·d-1). Rats in Biejia Jianwan group and model group received intraperitoneal injections of DEN to induce sequential chronic inflammation, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. At the sign of cirrhosis, rats in Biejia Jianwan group began taking Biejia Jianwan by gavage for 6 weeks. Rat blood was collected to measure serum levels of biochemical markers of liver function tests, including alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), total bilirubin(TBIL), albumin(Alb), γ-glutamyl transpeptadase(GGT), alkaline phosphatase(ALP). Rat livers were fixed in formalin and stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE)staining, quantitative real-time PCR was used to test the mRNA expressions of TGF-β1, and Western blot was used to test protein expressions of TGF-β1, Smad2/3, p-Smad2/3, N-cadherin, E-cadherin and Vimentin. Result:All of the levels of biochemical markers showed no difference in Biejia Jianwan group and model group. Biejia Jianwan could improve the pathological changes of balloon-like degeneration, edema, and necrosis in liver cancer tissues. Importantly, the treatment dramatically decreased the mRNA expression of TGF-β1(P<0.01), and the protein expressions of TGF-β1, p-Smad2(P<0.01). Besides, the protein expression of N-cadherin and Vimentin were decreased significantly (P<0.01). Conclusion:Biejia Jianwan can inhibit epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in hepatocellular carcinoma cells activated via TGF-β/Smad pathway by reducing TGF-β1 expression, so as to suppress the metastasis and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870602

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of the second generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib combined with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT)or chemotherapy in the treatment of Ph + acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph + ALL). Methods:A total of 56 Ph + ALL patients received dasatinib from January 2014 to June 2018. According to whether or not allo-HSCT was performed, they were divided into transplantation group(n=22)and chemotherapy group(n=34). The total survival rate(OS), disease-free survival rate(DFS), relapse and non-recurrence mortality(NRM)were compared between two groups. Results:The 2-year OS, DFS and cumulative recurrence rates were 69.1 % vs 47.8 %, 62.2 % vs 43.1 % and 14.6 % vs 44.1 % in transplantation and chemotherapy groups respectively. Significant inter-group differences existed in 2-year DFS, DFS and cumulative recurrence rates. The value of NRM was higher in transplantation group than that in chemotherapy group(18.6 % vs 14.1 %). However, the difference was statistically insignificant( P=0.476). Conclusions:The efficacy of dasatinib plus allo-HSCT is superior to that of dasatinib plus chemotherapy in the treatment of Ph + ALL.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828701

ABSTRACT

OBJCTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of surgery combined with chemotherapy and radiotherapy in children with central primitive neuroectodermal tumor (cPNET), as well as the risks factors for poor prognosis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 42 children who were diagnosed with cPNET from June 2012 to September 2018.@*RESULTS@#The 42 children had a median overall survival (OS) time of 2.0 years and a median event-free survival (EFS) time of 1.3 years; the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 76.2%±6.6%, 41.4%±8.7%, 37.3%±8.8% respectively, and the 1-, 3-, and 5-year EFS rates were 64.3%±7.4%, 32.7%±8.0%, 28.0%±8.1% respectively. The univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in the OS and EFS rates among the children with different patterns of surgical resection, chemotherapy cycles, and risk grades (P<0.05), and there was also a significant difference in the OS rate between the children receiving radiotherapy and those not receiving radiotherapy (P<0.05). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that chemotherapy cycles and risk grade were independent influencing factors for EFS and OS rates (P<0.05). The EFS and OS rates increased with the increase in chemotherapy cycles and the reduction in risk grade.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Multimodality therapy with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy is an effective method for the treatment of cPNET in children. Early diagnosis and treatment and adherence to chemotherapy for as long as possible may improve EFS and OS rates.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Child , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827189

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of conventional CAG regimen and decitabine + decreased dose CAG (D+dCAG) regimen on the clinical efficacy and safety of patients with MDS-RAEB/AML-MRC.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 67 patients with MDS-RAEB/AML-MRC hospitalized in our hospital from March 2012 to July 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. According to chemotherapecctic regimens, 76 patients were divided into 2 groups: 37 patients treated with conventional CAG regimen were enrolled in control group, 30 patients treated with decitabine + decreased dose CAG regimen were enrolled in D+dCAG group. The complete remission (CR) rate, overall remission rate (ORR), OS and PFS time and incidence of adverse reactions in 2 groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The CR in D+dCAG group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). ORR was not significanly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the cumulative OS rate between 2 groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the cumulative OS rate and PFS rate in nonimplantation between 2 groups (P>0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions of hematological system, pulmonary infection, skin and soft tissue infection, agranulocytosic fever and mycotic infection was not significanly different between 2 groups (P>0.05). The duration of granulocyte deficiency and platelet count less than 20×10/L were not significanly different between 2 groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with conventional CAG regimen, decitabine + decreased dose CAG regimen in the treatment of patients with MDS-RAEB/AML-MRC can efficiently improve the remission effects and showed the well overall safety, but can not increase the survival rate.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cytarabine , Decitabine , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827175

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigated the clinical and pathological characteristics of related-renal damage in patients with POEMS syndrome.@*METHODS@#Five patients diagnosed as POEMS syndrome in our hospital were selected. Their clinical manifestation, pathological characteristics of kidney and laboratory examination were analyzed retrospectively. Among the 5 patients, three males and two females with a median age of 50 years old. The mean interval before diagnosis was 13.0±7.2 months.@*RESULTS@#All the patients showed neuropathy, endocrinopathy, monoclonal plasma cell-proliferative disorder, skin changes and extravascular volume overload, in which 4 patients showed organomegaly. Proteinuria was found in 5 patients, and microhematuria was found in 4 patients. Moreover, 4 patients showed an elevated blood urea, while 2 patients showed creatinine elevation. 1 patient at chronic kidney disease (CKD)-G1 stage, 2 patients at CKD-G2 stage, and 1 patient at CKD-G3b stage, moreover, 1 patient at CKD-G5 stage. Endothelial injury and mesangial lesion were the main characteristics of renal pathology. 3 patients were pathologically diagnosed as thrombotic microangiopathy kidney damage, while 2 patients as light chain amyloidosis.@*CONCLUSION@#POEMS syndrome is a multi-systemic disease with complex clinical manifestations. 5 patients had different degrees of renal insufficiency. Endothelial injury and mesangial lesion are the main features of renal pathology.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Kidney , Male , Middle Aged , POEMS Syndrome , Paraproteinemias , Renal Insufficiency , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2829-2839, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877939

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a malignant hematological disease, originating from hematopoiesis stem cell differentiation obstruction and clonal proliferation. New reagents or biologicals for the treatment of AML are urgently needed, and exosomes have been identified as candidate biomarkers for disease diagnosis and prognosis. This study aimed to investigate the effects of exosomes from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on AML cells as well as the underlying microRNA (miRNA)-mediated mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Exosomes were isolated using a precipitation method, followed by validation using marker protein expression and nanoparticle tracking analysis. Differentially expressed miRNAs were identified by deep RNA sequencing and confirmed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Cell proliferation was assessed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium inner salt method, and cell cycle progression and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Functional gene expression was analyzed by qPCR and Western blotting (WB). Significant differences were determined using Student's t test or analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#BMSCs-derived exosomes effectively suppressed cell proliferation (both P < 0.0001 at 10 and 20 μg/mL) and cell cycle progression (P < 0.01 at G0-G1 stage), and also significantly enhanced cell apoptosis (P < 0.001) in KG-1a cells. There were 1167 differentially expressed miRNAs obtained from BMSCs-derived exosomes compared with KG-1a cell-derived exosomes (P < 0.05). Knockdown of hsa-miR-124-5p in BMSCs abrogated the effects of BMSCs-derived exosomes in regulating KG-1a such as the change in cell proliferation (both P < 0.0001 vs. normal KG-1a cell [NC] at 48 and 72 h). KG-1a cells treated with BMSCs-derived exosomes suppressed expression of structural maintenance of chromosomes 4 (P < 0.001 vs. NC by qPCR and P < 0.0001 vs. NC by WB), which is associated with the progression of various cancers. This BMSCs-derived exosomes effect was significantly reversed with knockdown of hsa-miR-124-5p (P < 0.0001 vs. NC by WB).@*CONCLUSIONS@#BMSCs-derived exosomes suppress cell proliferation and cycle progression and promote cell apoptosis in KG-1a cells, likely acting through hsa-miR-124-5p. Our study establishes a basis for a BMSCs-derived exosomes-based AML treatment.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Exosomes/genetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , MicroRNAs/genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1334-1345, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826843

ABSTRACT

Lycopene, as a high value-added terpene compound, has been widely concerned by researchers at home and abroad. Firstly, the ability of lycopene synthesis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae model strains S288c and YPH499 was analyzed and compared. The results showed that YPH499 was more suitable for lycopene synthesis as yeast chassis. Subsequently, the effects of constitutive promoters GPDpr, TEF1pr and inducible promoters GAL1pr, GAL10pr on Lycopene synthesis were compared. The results showed that when GPDpr and TEF1pr were used as promoters of crtE, crtB and crtI in lycopene synthesis pathway, the production of lycopene was 15.31 mg/L after 60 h fermentation in shaking flask. When GAL1pr and GAL10pr were used as promoters, the production was 123.89 mg/L, which was 8.09 times higher. In addition, the methylvaleric acid (MVA) pathway was further modified to overexpress the key enzyme gene of N-terminal truncation, tHMG1 (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase). The lycopene production was 265.68 mg/L, and the yield per cell was 72.79 mg/g. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain designed and constructed in this study can express lycopene in high yield per cell, thus could be used in the industrial production of lycopene after further construction and optimization.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Genetics , Fermentation , Industrial Microbiology , Lycopene , Metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics , Metabolism , Species Specificity
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the gene mutational spectrum between elderly and young adults with acute myeloid leukemia(AML) based on next generation sequencing(NGS).@*METHODS@#The specimens of 250 AML patients in first affiliated hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2018 to November 2018 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The mutation of 22 related genes were detected by using AML NGS chips. Then, the differences between elderly (≥60 years old) and young adults (<60 years old) were compared.@*RESULTS@#The most frequent mutations of 250 patients were as follows: NPM1(22.4%), FLT3-ITD(18.8%), NRAS(17.2%), DNMT3A(14.4%), TET2(11.6%), IDH2(9.6%), Biallelic CEBPA(8.8%), Moallelic CEBPA(8.4%), KIT(8.4%), RUNX1(7.6%), IDH1(7.6%), ASXL1(6.0%), U2AF1(5.2%), SRSF2 (3.2%), SF3B1(3.2%), TP53(2.4%), KRAS(2.0%). The NPM1, CEBPA, DNMT3A mutation significantly increased in intermediate prognosis group while KIT significantly increased in favourable prognosis group. The TET2 and IDH2 mutation rate in elderly patients were significantly higher than that in young patients (21.8% vs 8.7%) (χ=7.180, P=0.007) and (20.0% vs 6.7%) ( χ=8.788, P=0.003) respectively. Compared with young patients, the frequencies of DNA methylation and demethylation mutations (including DNMT3A, TET2, IDH1, IDH2) and RNA splicing enzyme mutations (inc-luding SRSF2, SF3B1, U2AF1, ZRSR2) in elderly patients significantly increased(67.3% vs 36.4%) (χ=16.653, P=0.000) and (23.6% vs 8.7%)(χ=9.041, P=0.003) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The gene mutational spectrum in elderly and young adult AML shows heterogeneity. Compared with young adults, the frequencies of DNA methylation and demethylation mutations and RNA splicing enzyme mutations in elderly patients significantly increase.

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