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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2327-2335, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886912

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize the form ulation of Zuojin pectin c apsules,and to prepare modern Zuojin pectin capsules with protective effects against gastric ulcers. METHODS :The formulation of Zuojin pectin capsules was optimized with orthogonal test with the contents of pectin ,soluble starch and dextrin as factors ,using formability ,moisture absorption and flow ability as indicators. Zuojin pectin capsule was prepared by wet granulation filling method with Zuojin extract powder as raw material. The contents of palmatine hydrochloride ,berberine hydrochloride ,evodiamine and rutaecarpin were evaluated by HPLC. Basket method was used to investigate the release behavior of the capsule in 0.1 mol/L HCl solution. The gastric ulcer model of rats was established by intragastric administration of 75% ethanol. Gastric ulcer index ,the inhibition rate of gastric ulcer and the pathological sections were used as indexes to investigate the protective effect of Zuojin pectin capsules (the doses were 54,108, 216 mg/kg)on gastric ulcer. RESULTS :The optimal formulation of Zuojin pectin capsules included 45% pectin,12% soluble starch,27% dextrin and 1% xylitol. Results of in vitro drug , release showed that palmatine hydrochloride and berberine, hydrochloride in Zuojin pectin capsules released 53.76% and No.54.82% respectively within 1 h,completely released at about 8 h, and conformed to the zero-order release behavior. 2492109374@qq.com Different doses of Zuojin pectin capsule could improve the ulcer injury of gastric tissue in gastric ulcer model rats to different extent ,and significantly reduced the gastric ulcer index(P<0.01),significantly increased the inhibition rate of gastric ulcer and the percentage of positive expression area of Schiff ’s iodate staining (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :Zuojin pectin capsule with protective effect on gastric ulcer and certain sustained- release effect is successfully prepared.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 9-16, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effects of keto acid (KA) supplements on Chinese patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) are unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of KA supplementation on nutritional status, inflammatory markers, and bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) parameters in a cohort of Chinese patients with MHD without malnutrition.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, randomized, controlled, single-center clinical study conducted in 2011 till 2014. Twenty-nine patients with MHD were randomly assigned to a control (n = 14) or a KA (n = 15) group. The control group maintained a dietary protein intake of 0.9 g/kg/day. The KA group received additional KA supplement (0.1 g/kg/day). BIA was used to determine the lean tissue mass, adipose tissue mass, and body cell mass. The patients' nutritional status, dialysis adequacy, and biochemical parameters were assessed at the ends of the third and sixth months with t test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test.@*RESULTS@#The daily total energy intake for both groups was about 28 kcal/kg/day. After 6 months, the Kt/V (where K is the dialyzer clearance of urea, t is the dialysis time, and V is the volume of the distribution of urea) was 1.33 ± 0.25 in KA group, and 1.34 ± 0.25 in the control group. The median triceps skin-fold thickness in KA group was 12.00 and 9.00 mm in the control group. In addition, the median hand-grip strength in KA group was 21.10 and 25.65 kg in the control group. There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to the anthropometry parameters, dialysis adequacy, serum calcium and phosphorus levels, inflammatory markers, and amino-acid profiles, or in relation to the parameters determined by BIA. Both groups achieved dialysis adequacy and maintained nutritional status during the study.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this cohort of Chinese patients with MHD, the patients in the control group whose dietary protein intake was 0.9 g/kg/day and total energy intake was 28 kcal/kg/day, maintained well nutritional status during study period. The KA supplement (0.1 g/kg/day) did not improve the essential amino acid/non-essential amino acid ratio, nor did it change the patients' mineral metabolism, inflammatory parameters, or body compositions.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873087

ABSTRACT

Objective::To clarify the inhibitory effect of essential oil from Alpinia zerumbet rhizome (EOFAZ) on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced transformation of macrophage into foam cell and explore its possible mechanism. Method::THP-1 monocyte was incubated with 100 μg·L-1 phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) to grow into macrophage, experiment was divided into 4 groups as follows, control group, model group (80 mg·L-1 ox-LDL), EOFAZ at low dose (80 mg·L-1 ox-LDL+ 4 μg·L-1 EOFAZ)and EOFAZ at high dose (80 g·L-1 ox-LDL+ 20 μg·L-1 EOFAZ). Mathye thiazolye telrazliurn (MTT) method was employed to examine the influence of EOFAZ on macrophage viability. Western blot was used to analyze the expression level of cluster of differentiation 36(CD36) and ATP-binding cassette transporter A1(ABCA1) protein in macrophage. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect cholesteryl ester contents in macrophage. Oil red O staining was applied to determine the accumulation of lipids in macrophage. Result::EOFAZ showed non-toxic effect on macrophage. Compared to control group, macrophage in model group displayed higher level of cholesteryl ester and lipid droplet(P<0.01), as well as significant increasing of CD36 expression (P<0.01), but no effect on ABCA1 expression. EOFAZ notably reduced the contents of lipids and cholesteryl ester(P<0.01), down-regulated expression of CD36 and up-regulated expression of ABCA1 in macrophage in comparison with the model group(P<0.01), indicating that EOFAZ inhibited transformation of macrophage into foam cell. Conclusion::EOFAZ could inhibit ox-LDL-induced transformation of macrophage into foam cell, the underlying mechanism may involves its ability to increase CD36 expression and decrease ABCA1 expression in macrophage.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873015

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether ultrafine powder of Gastrodiae Rhizoma (UPG) can alleviate the learning and memory impairment of vascular dementia rats and delay the process of VD, and whether this effect is related to the release of acetylcholine (Ach) through the regulation with acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and control of cholinergic system. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, UPG low dose group (0.45 g·kg-1), UPG high dose group (1.8 g·kg-1) and Huperzine A group (80 μg·kg-1), with 12 rats in each group. The drug administration groups were given orally drugs once a day for 8 weeks, and sham group and model group were given orally the same amount of distilled water. The learning and memory ability of the rats with VD were evaluated by the Morris water maze. Htoxylin eosin(HE) staining was used for pathomorphological observation of hippocampus CA1 area of the rats. The content of Ach was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), AChE and ChAT protein expressions were detected by Western blot, and expression of ChAT in hippocampus CA1 area was observed by immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the sham operation group, the escape latency of the model group was significantly increased (P<0.01), and the frequency of crossings platform and the time of staying in the target quadrant were reduced significantly (P<0.01). HE staining of hippocampal tissues from VD rat showed neuron disorders, loss and degeneration and necrosis, pyknosis of the nucleus and light coloration of the cytoplasm. The level of acetylcholine in the hippocampus was significantly decreased by ELISA (P<0.05), the expression level of AChE protein was significantly up-regulated, and the expression level of ChAT protein was significantly down-regulated (P<0.01). Compared with model group, each administration group could significantly reduce the escape latency of the model rats, and significantly increase the frequency of crossing platform and the time of staying in the target quadrant (P<0.01), the content of Ach was significantly increased (P<0.05), the expression of AChE protein was significantly down-regulated (P<0.01), while the expression of ChAT protein was significantly up-regulated (P<0.01). Conclusion:UPG improves the learning and memory ability of vascular dementia rats, and its mechanism may be related to the increase of Ach, ChAT level and the decrease of AChE level.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872774

ABSTRACT

Objective:A systematical study on the anti-breast cancer mechanism of tryptanthrin in breast cancer-bearing mice was done by Label-free proteomics. Method:UPLC-MS was used to detect the expressed-proteins of tryptanthrin inhibiting breast cancer in mice, chromatographic separation was achieved on the Ionoptics nano UPLC C18 column (0.075 mm×250 mm, 1.6 μm), and gradient elution was performed with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution as mobile phase. Data acquisition was carried out in electrospray ionization (ESI) under the positive ion mode, the scanning range was m/z 100-1 700, MaxQuant 1.6.5.0 was used for database retrieval. Label-free proteomics with high resolution mass spectrometry was used to screen differentially expressed proteins between the model group of 4T1 breast cancer mice and oral administration group of tryptanthrin (100 mg·kg-1). The proteomics of tryptanthrin against breast cancer was carried out. Result:A total of 3 997 proteins were identified in this proteomics research, and 2 911 proteins were quantifiable. A total of 750 differentially expressed proteins were identified between the model group and the tryptanthrin group, 286 proteins were up-regulated and 464 proteins were down-regulated. Gene ontology analysis showed that these differentially expressed proteins were mainly involved in biological processes of proliferation, cell migration, apoptosis, immunity, angiogenesis, inflammatory regulation, etc. Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes pathway analysis further indicated that these proteins were mainly concentrated in T cell receptors, B cell receptors, Toll-like receptors, nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB), Ras proteins, interleukin-17, tumor necrosis factor, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K-Akt), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and other signaling pathways. Conclusion:The differentially expressed proteins closely related to anti-breast cancer effect of tryptanthrin on 4T1 breast cancer mice are effectively screened out, including up-regulating proteins of leukocyte differentiation antigen 14 (CD14), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase and down-regulating proteins of CD44, heat shock 70 kDa protein 1A (HSPA1A), macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), NF-κB, ribosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-4 (RPS6KA4) and high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1). These findings suggest that tryptanthrin can inhibit breast cancer in mice mainly through regulating tumor inflammatory microenvironment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866044

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the medical students' general understanding of online teaching and online learning of medical courses during the COVID-19 epidemic, and to analyze the satisfaction with online medical curriculum and its influencing factors.Methods:A total of 188 medical students in Xiangya School of Medicineof Central South University were investigated anonymously with a self-designed questionnaire. SPSS 26.0 was used for analyzing the relevant data, t test or variance analysis was conducted fro coparison between groups. The data was described with rate and there was a significant difference when P<0.05.Results:The 88.83% of the students believed that online teaching was much necessary, and the greatest advantage of online teaching was that they could arrange their learning time freely. However, 59.57% of the students thought that the learning consciousness was reduced, and inadaptability to the change of teaching platform (49.47%) and teaching mode of teachers (59.57%) may be the main reasons affecting the teaching quality.Conclusion:Students have a high degree of acceptance of online teaching during the epidemic, but there are some problems such as decreased self-discipline, insufficient interaction between teachers and students, dissatisfaction with the construction of online course platform, inability to visit the laboratory and practice in the hospital, and so on. The investigation is still helpful to revise the medical education model in the post-epidemic period and the future. Our results suggest that the combination of online and offline teaching mode can be adopted in medical theory class and PBL discussion class, and at the same time, the construction of online learning resources for clinical practice and medical experiments should be strengthened.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2462-2468, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829351

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the fingerprint of crude/vinegar-processed Corydalis yanhusuo decoction pieces and their dispensing granules,and to determine the contents of five alkaloids (protopine,tetrahydropalmatine,corydaline,berberine hydrochloride,palmatine hydrochloride ). METHODS :HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Agilent TC-C18 column with mobile phase consisted of 0.1% phosphoric acid solution-methanol (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 280 nm,and the column temperature was 30 ℃. The sample size was 10 μL. Using palmatine hydrochloride as reference , Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatographic Fingerprint (2012 edition) was used to establish the fingerprint of 11 059) batches of C. yanhusuo decoction pieces ,7 batches of crude . yanhusuo dispensing granules , 12 batches of vinegar- processed C. yanhusuo decoction pieces and 11 batches of vinegar-processed C. yanhusuo dispensing granules. The same HPLC method was adopted to determine the contents of protopine, tetrahydropalmatine, corydaline, berberine hydrochloride and palmatine hydrochloride in 41 batches of crude/ vinegar-processed C. yanhusuo decoction pieces and their dispensing granules. RESULTS :There were 12 and 20 common peaks for crude C. yanhusuo decoction pieces and its dispensing granules ,and 14 and 16 common peaks for vinegar-processed C. yanhusuo decoction pieces and its dispensing granules. The similarity of each batch of same type were 0.529-0.981,0.342-0.985, 0.711-0.999,0.437-0.998,respectively. The linear range of protopine ,tetrahydropalmatine,corydaline,berberine hydrochloride and palmatine hydrochloride were 1.9-38.0,2.0-40.0,2.2-44.0,2.6-52.0,2.3-46.0 μg/mL(R2>0.999 0). The recoveries were 100.12%-100.98%(RSD=1.05%-1.90%,n=9). RSDs of precision ,reproducibility,stability(24 h)and durability tests were all lower than 2.0%. The average contents of five alkaloids in different batches of crude/vinegar-processed C. yanhusuo decoction pieces and its dispensing granules were 0.24-0.46,0.37-0.82,0.24-0.58,0.07-0.75,0.24-0.76 mg/g. RSDs were 12.27%-147.48%. CONCLUSIONS:The fingerprint of crude/vinegar-processed C. yanhusuo decoction pieces and its dispensing granules is established successfully. The similarities of fingerprint are different before and after processing with vinegar ,and the contents of five alkaloids in C. yanhusuo decoction pieces and its dispensing granules are greatly different.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1704-1710, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823047

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize the p reparation technology of citronellol submicroemulsion. METHODS :The content of citronellol in Citronellol submicroemulsion was determined by HPLC. Citronellol submicroemulsion by high-speed shearing dispersion-high pressure homogenization method ,with centrifugation stability constant (ke) and particle size were used as evaluation indexes. Its formulation and preparation technology were optimized and validated. Drug-loading amount and encapsulation rate of the preparation were detected. RESULTS :The linear range of citronellol were 4-64 μg/mL(R 2=0.999 9). RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h)and reproducibility tests were all lower than 3%. The recoveries were 97.64%-101.97%(RSD= 2.28%,n=3),97.71%-99.50%(RSD=1.29%,n=3),96.87%-101.48%(RSD=2.86%,n=3). The optimal formulation included that total weight of soybean oil and medium chain triglycerides (1 ∶ 1,g/g)was 3.75 g,1.2% soybean phospholipid was 0.6 g, cholesterol was 0.06 g,citronellol was 1.25 g,0.6 % sodium oleate was 0.3 g,15-hydroxystearic acid polyethylene glycol ester was 0.75 g,poloxamer 188 was 0.75 g,water added to 50 mL. After prepared by optimal technology at 4 ℃ which contained shearing speed of 13 000 r/min,lasting for 5 min, primary emulsion was adjusted to pH 7 with dilute hydro- chloric acid ,and homogenized with 600 Bar high pressure for 1434412440@qq.com 5 min. The parameters of Citronellol submicroemulsion accor- ding to optimal formulation and technology contained mean particle size of (91.05±0.26)nm,PDI of (0.20±0.01), Zeta-potential of (-30.86±0.39)mV,average content of 649511230@qq.com citronellol(100.21±0.01)%,the drug-loading amount was (2.481 7 ± 0.000 7) mg/mL,the encapsulation rate was (99.27 ± 0.03)% . CONCLUSIONS :The optimal formulation and technology is stable and feasible.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 595-600, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817317

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimi ze and improve the quality standard for Keqing capsules. METHODS :According to general rule 0502 method stated in 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia (part Ⅳ),TLC method was used to identify Reineckia carnea and Morus alba in Keqing capsules [the developing solvents were dichloromethane-ethyl acetate-formic acid (10 ∶ 4 ∶ 0.2,V/V/V) and ethyl acetate-carbinol-ammonia (12 ∶ 2 ∶ 1,V/V/V),respectively]. The contents of morphine and codeine phosphate in Keqing capsules were determined by HPLC. The determination was performed on XBridge C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.01 mol/L potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution (pH value adjusted to 2.7 with 5% phosphoric acid solution)(5 ∶ 95,V/V)at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm,and the column temperature was 35 ℃. The sample size was 10 µL. RESULTS :In TLC of R. carnea and M. alba in samples ,same color spots were shown in the correspon ding positions of reference substance chromatogram without interference from negative control. The linear range of morphine and codeine phosphate were batches of Keqing capsules were 0.97-1.37,0.16-0.37 mg/g,respectively. CONCLUSIONS :TLC identification method for R. carnea and M. alba ,as well as HPLC content determination method for morphine and codeine phosphate in Keqing capsules are established;the method is simple ,accurate and reliable with strong specificity ,which improves the quality standard of Keqing capsules.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773729

ABSTRACT

Ophiopogon japonicus is one of the commonly used medicines,and it has gradually become a therapeutic food for people's daily health care. O. japonicus in Sichuan province is the famous Dao-di herbs in Sichuan province,and is mainly produced in Santai county,Sichuan province. With the unique geographical advantage,Santai county plans to declare the new food raw materials of O. japonicus based on the geographical indication products( Fu Cheng O. japonicus),so it is necessary to analyze and evaluate the nutritional components of O. japonicus in Santai county. The experimental results showed that the content of the nutrients was characterized by low fat,high polysaccharide,high potassium and high vitamin B2,which can be developed as new food raw materials.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Nutrients , Nutritive Value , Ophiopogon , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Potassium , Riboflavin
11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 123-127, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804771

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the real-world safety and curative effect of ombitasvir combined with dasabuvir for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C 1b genotype infection in non-cirrhotic or compensated cirrhotic patients.@*Methods@#A real-world research method was adopted, and the research was conducted at three medical centers of mainland China. Non- cirrhotic or compensated cirrhotic patients with HCV genotype 1b infection who were initially treated with IFN/PEG-IFN-alpha combined with ribavirin, and ombitasvir combined with dasabuvir for 8 or 12 weeks were taken. Sustained virological response (SVR) and the incidence of adverse events during treatment and follow-up were evaluated after 12 weeks of drug withdrawal at OBV/PTV/r 25/150/100mg once daily and DSV 250mg, twice daily. Median and range were used for description of non-normally distributed data.@*Results@#80 cases of GT1b were included in this study. Of these 88.8% (71/80) were newly diagnosed, 12.5% (10/80) were compensated cirrhotic, 97.5% (78/80) received 12 weeks treatment, and 2.5% (2/80) received 8 weeks treatment. The rate of HCV RNA negative at EOT (end of treatment) was 100% (64/64). A total of 67 patients completed the treatment within 12 weeks, and 43 patients returned to the hospital for further consultations, and SVR12 was 100%(43/43). No patient discontinued the drugs because of an adverse event during treatment.@*Conclusion@#In the real world, Ombitasvir combined with dasabuvir for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C 1b genotype infection in China has 100% rates of EOT and SVR12 with well- tolerability and safety.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802079

ABSTRACT

Objective: To prepare oxymatrine phospholipid complex solid lipid nanoparticles(OMT-PC-SLN) lyophilized powder and evaluate its pharmaceutical properties. Method: Pseudo-ternary phase diagram was employed to optimize the formula of microemulsion;single factor experiments were adopted to optimize the formulation process of OMT-PC-SLN lyophilized powder with encapsulation efficiency as index;the morphology of this preparation was observed by transmission electron microscope(TEM).The particle size was measured by particle size analyzer and the in vitro release performance of OMT-PC-SLN lyophilized powder was examined. Result: Optimal formulation process was as following:taking soybean phospholipid and polyethylene glycol 15-hydroxystearate(Kolliphor HS 15) as the emulsifier,ethanol as co-emulsifier,ratio of emulsifier to co-emulsifier(Km)=3:2,oil phase:(emulsifier+co-emulsifier)=1:9,oxymatrine phospholipid complex-stearic acid-soybean phospholipid-Kolliphor HS 15-ethanol(30:100:180:360:360);taking 50 mL of 4%mannitol solution as the external aqueous phase,ice bath stirring at 1 000 r·min-1 and solidifying for 1 h,precooled at -20℃ for 24 h,took out and dried for 24 h.OMT-PC-SLN lyophilized powder was spherical in appearance with encapsulation efficiency of (38.09±1.24)%,average particle size of 785.5 nm,polydispersity coefficient(PDI) of 0.456 and the Zeta potential of -24.82 mV.The cumulative release rates of OMT-PC-SLN lyophilized powder were 72.63%at 2 h and 98.42%at 12 h;the cumulative release rate of oxymatrine(crude drug) was 98.60%at 2 h. Conclusion: This optimized formulation process of OMT-PC-SLN lyophilized powder is stable with good repeatability;compared with oxymatrine,OMT-PC-SLN lyophilized powder has a certain sustained-release effect.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801803

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a UPLC-MS/MS analysis method for determination of baicalin, geniposide, chlorogenic acid, cholic acid and hyodeoxycholic acid in Qingkailing (lyophilized) for injection in rat plasma, and to investigate the pharmacokinetic behavior of this preparation in normal and cerebral ischemic rats. Method: Rats were randomly divided into normal group and cerebral ischemia model group. The rat model of cerebral ischemia was established by suture embolization. The rats were given by intraperitoneal injection, and normal saline was used as the solvent. Blood samples were taken at the corresponding time points. After treatment, UPLC-MS/MS was used to determine the blood concentration of five components. The main detection conditions were mobile phase of 0.1%formic acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile for gradient elution (0-0.25 min, 90%A; 0.25-1 min, 90%-75%A; 1-2 min, 75%-50%A; 2-2.6 min, 50%-45%A; 2.6-2.65 min, 45%-90%A; 2.65-4.0 min, 90%A), the flow rate of 0.4 mL·min-1, the column temperature at 40℃, electrospray ionization under negative ion mode. The pharmacokinetic parameters were fitted and the bioavailability was calculated, the differences of treatment process of five components from Qingkailing (lyophilized) for injection in normal and cerebral ischemic rats were analyzed. Result: Compared with the normal group, the area under the curve (AUC0-t) of geniposide in rats from cerebral ischemia model group decreased significantly after intraperitoneal injection of Qingkailing (lyophilized) for injection (PTmax) of chlorogenic acid in rats from cerebral ischemia model group was significantly earlier than that in the normal group (PConclusion: Qingkailing (lyophilized) for injection has a certain difference in the treatment process between normal and cerebral ischemic rats, which has certain guiding significance for the clinical treatment of cerebral ischemic diseases with this preparation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753878

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the regulatory effect of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) on the expression of apoptosis related proteins after cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury and the protective effects of BCAA on ischemic brain injury in rats.Methods 40 male SD rats were randomly divided into normal diet group (n =20) and branched chain amino acid (BCAA) group (n=20) according to the random number table,and each group was randomly divided into control group (n=6),sham operation group (n=6) and model group (n =8) which used suture method to make ischemia reperfusion model.After modeling,modified Neurological Severity Scores (mNSS) was used to access the neurological impairment degree of 2,6,24,48 and 72 h in each group.The expression of apoptosis related proteins (Cleaved,Bax/Bcl-2) after 72 h was detected by the method of immune protein imprinting (Caspase3) and compared between normal diet group and BCAA group.Results Compared with the normal diet rats,the mNSS of BCAA diet rats after modeling at 2,6,24,48,72 h decreased (11.35±2.78 vs.7.15±2.41,P=0.019;9.35±1.75 vs.5.82±1.17,P=0.002;6.11±1.16vs.4.39±1.46,P=0.048;5.87±1.32vs.3.55±1.94,P=0.036;4.98±2.24vs.2.09±1.33,P=0.022).The expression of cleaved caspase3 protein and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 decreased in BCAA group.Conclusion BCAA can alleviate the apoptosis of rats after ischemia and reperfusion,reduce the damage of nerve function,and has a positive protective effect on ischemic brain injury.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772234

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the mitigating effects of sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA) on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced spermatogenesis dysfunction.@*METHODS@#Male rats (n = 30) were randomly divided into three groups: control, HFD, and 4-PBA (HFD +4-PBA). After 13 weeks, rats were euthanized. Testes and epididymis were harvested for further analysis. Sex hormones were detected, and hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to examine the histological changes in the testes. Semen samples were collected to evaluate sperm quality. Spermatogenic cell apoptosis was detected by TUNEL assay.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the final body weight and body weight gain were significantly higher in HFD-fed rats, while the testicle/body weight ratios were lower (P < 0.05). In HFD-fed rats, obvious pathological changes in the testicular tissue were observed. Treatment with 4-PBA attenuated HFD-induced histological damage, ameliorated the HFD-induced decrease in serum testosterone (T), and reduced the rate of testicular cell apoptosis (P < 0.05) in obese male rats. Finally, 4-PBA significantly improved semen parameters in HFD rats (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#HFD exposure induced detrimental effects on spermatogenesis, semen quality, serum T level, and testicular cell apoptosis in rats. Treatment with 4-PBA ameliorated HFD?induced impaired spermatogenesis via inhibition of apop-tosis in rats. 4-PBA may have therapeutic value in the treatment of obesity?related impairment of spermatogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diet, High-Fat , Male , Phenylbutyrates , Pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Semen Analysis , Spermatogenesis , Testis , Pathology , Testosterone , Blood
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687321

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to prepare triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel, investigate its transdermal permeation, and compare the results with ordinary gel and cream. Improved Franz diffusion cell method was used in the transdermal delivery experiment with rat abdominal skin as in vitro model. The receptor fluid at different time points was collected; ferulic acid concentration was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and triptolide concentration was determined by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Then the penetration rate, transdermal volume and skin reserve of three dosage forms (hydroplasy gel, ordinary gel, and cream) to investigate the transdermal properties of ferulic acid and triptolide in vitro of triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel. The results showed that the steady penetration rate of ferulic acid was 5.268 5, 8.990 9, 12.042 0 μg·cm⁻² ·h⁻¹ respectively in triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel, ordinary gel and cream; the skin retention was (30.234 8±1.525 4), (20.402 6±0.402 6), (7.635 3±1.094 2) μg·cm⁻² . The steady-state permeation rate of triptolide was 67.238 0, 67.238 0 ng·cm⁻² ·h⁻¹ in triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel, about 1.24 times of cream and 3.28 times of ordinary gel; the skin retention was (371.351 4±35.317 1) ng·cm⁻², about 3.35 times of cream and 5.25 times of ordinary gel. Therefore, the ethosomes gel showed good transdermal absorption property and it may be good for clinical safety administration.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699443

ABSTRACT

Objective :To analyze influence of probucol combined atorvastatin on hemodynamics and blood lipids in patients with large artery cerebral infarction (LACI).Methods :A total of 92 LACI patients were randomly and e-qually divided into atorvastatin group and combined treatment group (received atorvastatin combined probucol ) , both groups were treated for six months .Therapeutic effect etc indexes before and after treatment were compared between two groups .Results :Compared with atorvastatin group after six-month treatment ,there were significant reductions in levels of TC [ (4.57 ± 0.82) mmol/L vs.(3.23 ± 0.71) mmol/L] ,TG [ (1.37 ± 0.45) mmol/L vs. (1.02 ± 0.34) mmol/L] ,LDL-C [ (2.52 ± 0.83) mmol/L vs .(1.50 ± 0.54) mmol/L] ,oxidized low density lipo-protein [ox-LDL ,(78.36 ± 14.05) mg/L vs.(58.37 ± 12.00) mg/L] ,left and right middle cerebral artery pulsatili-ty index (PI) [left :(0.84 ± 0.25) vs.(0.74 ± 0.14) ,right :(0.84 ± 0.23) vs.(0.74 ± 0.16)] and inflammatory factors ,and significant rise in total effective rate (69.57% vs.89.13% P=0.020) ,left and right middle cerebral systolic blood flow velocity (Vs) [left :(87.45 ± 15.58) cm/s vs.(95.48 ± 18.34) cm/s ,right :(89.27 ± 14.36) cm/s vs.(96.18 ± 14.03) cm/s] and mean blood flow velocity (Vm) [left :(60.90 ± 16.19) cm/s vs .(76.19 ± 17.40) cm/s ,right :(62.08 ± 17.23) cm/s vs .(91.38 ± 19.26) cm/s] in combined treatment group ,P<0.05 or <0.01. There was no significant difference in drug adverse reactions incidence rate between two groups , P=1. 000 .Conclu-sion :Therapeutic effect of probucol combined atorvastatin is significantly better than that of pure atorvastatin on large artery cerebral infarction .It can more significantly improve blood lipids and intracranial artery hemodynamics with anti-inflammatory effects .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335850

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to explore the effects of Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil on transdermal absorption, and investigate the mechanism of permeation on the microstructure and molecular structure of stratum corneum. Through the determination of stratum corneum/medium partition coefficient of ferulicacid in Chuanxiong influenced by Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil, the effects of volatile oil of frankincense and Myrrh on the the microscopic and molecular structure of stratum corneum were explored by observation of skin stratum corneum structure under scanning electron microscopy, and investigation of frankincense and myrrh essential oil effects on the molecular structure of keratin and lipids in stratum corneum under Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that the oil could enhance the distribution of ferulic acid in the stratum corneum and medium, and to a certain extent damaged the imbricate structure of stratum corneum which was originally regularly, neatly, and closely arranged; some epidermal scales turned upward, with local peeling phenomenon. In addition, frankincense and myrrh essential oil caused the relative displacement of CH2 stretching vibration peak of stratum corneum lipids and amide stretching vibration peak of stratum corneum keratin, indicating that frankincense and myrrh essential oil may change the conformation of lipid and keratin in the stratum corneum, increase the bilayer liquidity of the stratum corneum lipid, and change the orderly and compact structure to increase the skin permeability and reduce the effect of barrier function. It can be concluded that Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil can promote the permeation effect by increasing the distribution of drugs in the stratum corneum and changing the structure of the stratum corneum.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3562-3565, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611005

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare aspirin phospholipid complex (ASP-PC) and conduct the characterization. METHODS:Using the combination rate of ASP and PC as index,single factor test was used to screen the preparation method of ASP-PC,PC type,solvent type,reaction time,reaction temperature,solvent volume and drug-lipid ratio. The verification test was conducted. UV spectrophotometry,Thermogravimetric analysis,X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used for the characterization of ASP-PC. RESULTS:Magnetic stirring-condensing reflux method was adopted,drug-soybean phospholipids ratio was 1:3 (mol/mol),solvent was tetrahydrofuran,reacting for 3 h under 58 ℃. The average combination rate of prepared ASP-PC was 83.52%(RSD=1.16%,n=3). Compared with ASP,physical mixture of ASP and PC,UV spectrum showed that ASP-PC had no new absorption peak. Thermogravimetric analysis,X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed the ASP and PC in ASP-PC were interacted;and ASP-PC changed little in quality within 0-300 ℃. CONCLUSIONS:ASP-PC can be successfully prepared,in which,ASP and PC were combined successfully;while there are still trace amounts of ASP in the form of crystals.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618215

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of bioelectrical impedance analysis(BIA) interventions on volume status in hemodialysis patient. Methods Searched The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, EBsco, Wanfang Data, China Biology Medicine, China National Knowledge Infrastructure to collect clinical trials. The retrieval time was from database to July 15, 2016. The studies were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and were critically appraised by two reviewers. Then the data of included studies were extracted. Meta-analysis was conducted by using RevMan 5.3 software and descriptive analysis. Results Ten clinical trials were included six random control trial, one controlled clinical trail, three longitudinal study, involving 2009 patients. The results of Meta-analysis showed that the effectiveness of BIA interventions on volume management could improve blood pressure (P=0.001), protect the heart function(left ventricular mass index,P=0.002), compared with the clinical evaluation method, the BIA assessment of dry weight of hemodialysis patients could reduce hospitalization rate 14%. Descriptive analysis showed that BIA intervention volume management had certain advantages for the survival benefit of patients, but the current research was still few, had not yet come to a certain conclusion. Conclusions BIA can improve the management of the volume status and dry weight of hemodialysis patients, so as to it can improve the clinical benefit and survival benefit of patients.Better methods and guidelines for assessing DW and using BIA need to be developed.We propose that experienced HD nursing staff be trained in the use of the BIA to help monitor patient over hydration and approximate dry weight in consultation with the nephrologists responsible for the care of these patients so as to obviate excessive residual over hydration between nephrology reviews.

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