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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879445

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of receptor interacting protein serine-threonine kinases 1 (RIPK1) in the nucleus pulposus of patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH).@*METHODS@#Nucleus pulposus tissue specimens of 40 patients with LDH patients underwent surgical treatment from January 2016 to January 2018 as the case group, and nucleus pulposus tissue specimens of 30 patients with lumbar spine fracture underwent surgical treatment at the same time as the control group. The expression of RIPK1 mRNA and protein of receptor interaction were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot, respectively. The expression of RIPK1 protein in the nucleus pulposus were detected by immunohistochemical staining. The concentrations of RIPK1 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in nucleus pulposus were detected by ELISA method. The relationship between the concentrations of RIPK1, TNF-α in nucleus pulposus and the Pearce grade of LDH patients was analyzed by one-way ANOVA. The correlation between RIPK1 and TNF-α was analyzed by Pearson.@*RESULTS@#RIPK1 was weakly positively expressed in nucleus pulposus of control group, and RIPK1 protein was positively or strongly positively expressed in case group. The expression of RIPK1 mRNA in nucleus pulposus of case group was higher than that of control group (@*CONCLUSION@#The expression levels of RIPK1 mRNA and protein in the intervertebral disc tissues of LDH patients are higher than those of normal intervertebral disc tissues, and increased with the increase of Pearce grade, which may be an important factor involved in LDH inflammatory disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc/metabolism , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/genetics , Nucleus Pulposus , Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873748

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of persistent Echinococcus multilocularis infections on hepatic fibrosis in mice, so as to provide insights into the understanding of liver fibrogenesis induced by E. multilocularis infections and the treatment of alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Hepatic stellate HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells were exposed to the sera (25, 50 and 100 μL) from Meriones unguiculatus infected with E. multilocularis, and E. multilocularis, germinal layer cells (GCs) and protoscoleces (PSCs) for 48 hours, respectively. The cell proliferation was measured using a CCK-8 assay, and the levels of collagen 1 (Col1) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were measured in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells using ELISA. In addition, the serum and liver samples were collected 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 months post-infection with E. multilocularis, respectively. The serum Col1 and α-SMA concentrations were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the deposition of collagen fibers was examined in mice livers using Sirius red staining. Results The sera of E. multilocularis-infected gerbils promoted the proliferation of HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells in vitro, and there were significant differences seen in the proliferative rate of HSC-T6 (FHSC-T6 = 126.50, P < 0.05) and LX-2 cells (FLX-2 = 201.50, P < 0.05) among different serum groups, with the highest proliferative rate of HSC-T6 (573.36% ± 206.34%) and LX-2 cells (940.38% ± 61.65%) found following exposure to 100 μL mouse sera. Exposure to serum from E. multilocularis-infected gerbils resulted in an increase in the Col1 and α-SMA levels in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells, with the greatest Col1 (20.99 ng/mL ± 2.01 ng/mL) and α-SMA levels (305.52 pg/mL ± 16.67 pg/mL) measured following exposure to 100 μL sera. The metacestodes (142.65% ± 9.17% and 189.99% ± 7.75%), GCs (118.55% ± 8.96% and 122.54% ± 0.21%) and PSCs of E. multilocularis (156.34% ± 17.45% and 160.59% ± 31.41%) all promoted the proliferation of HSC-T6 and LX-2 cells in vitro, and there were significant differences in the proliferative rates of HSC-T6 (FHSC-T6 = 11.24, P < 0.05) and LX-2 cells among groups (FLX-2 = 47.72, P < 0.05). Exposure to E. multilocularis resulted in an increase in Col1 and α-SMA levels in the culture supernatant of HSC-T6 cells, and the highest Col1 (4.43 ng/mL ± 2.23 ng/mL) and α-SMA levels (285.20 pg/mL ± 90.67 pg/mL) were detected following treatment with E. multilocularis metacestodes. In addition, a persistent increase was seen in the deposition of collagen fibers in mice livers 1 to 8 months post-infection with E. multilocularis, with the greatest Col1 level (280.26 ng/mL ± 23.04 ng/mL) seen 6 months post-infection and the highest α-SMA level (33.68 ng/mL ± 4.45 ng/mL) detected 8 months post-infection, respectively. Conclusions Persistent E. multilocularis infections promote hepatic stellate cell proliferation, induce an increase in mouse serum Col1 and α-SMA levels, and cause elevated deposition of collagen fibers in mice livers. The infective stage of E. multilocularis is a critical period for inducing hepatic fibrosis of alveolar echinococcosis.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 130-137, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872610

ABSTRACT

With the implementation of the two-child policy and the growing demand for child health, pediatric medication has been arousing widespread social concern. To develop the drugs suitable for children, including new compounds, new specifications and new dosage forms, is urgently required for pharmaceutical researchers. In this review, several technical bottlenecks for pediatric oral liquid preparations, as well as the novel strategies involved in drug nanocrystals, self-microemulsion, ion exchange resin and Pickering emulsion were discussed, which may be benefit to play a theoretical guiding role in the research and development of children's oral liquid formulation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 195-200, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884698

ABSTRACT

Traumatic fracture accounts for about 50% of the total of traffic accidents. The incidence of fracture in postmenopausal women is significantly higher than that in men. About 5%-10% of patients with bone fracture will suffer from complications such as delayed union or nonunion, which seriously affects the recovery of patients after operation and increases the economic burden of families and society, however, the specific regulatory mechanism has not been fully defined. Immune cells play an important regulatory role in fracture healing, and innate immune response is the first to initiate and participate in fracture healing. Macrophages are innate immune cells which widely exist in various tissues of the body. They play a complex and precise regulatory role in fracture healing by participating in inflammatory response, osteogenic and osteoclast differentiation, mineralization and angiogenesis. Nevertheless, macrophages can be polarized into different subsets and perform different or even opposite functions under different immune microenvironments. At present, it is believed that there are three main polarization states of macrophages: non-activated M0 macrophages, classically activated M1 macrophages and selectively activated M2 macrophage. It has been shown that each subset was positively involved in the regulation process of fracture healing at different stages. Herein, in this paper, the role of different subsets of macrophages in different stages of fracture healing and the related experimental studies are reviewed, helpfully to clarify the immunological mechanism of fracture in-depth and provide new strategies for the research on the immunological intervention of fractures targeting macrophages.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 359-364, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884426

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the short-term precision and accuracy of bone mineral density (BMD) measured with quantitative CT (QCT) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in multi-centre clinical research with a European spine phantom (ESP).Methods:From January 2016 to April 2020, totally 40 CT scanners (12 Siemens from Germany, 12 Philips from Netherlands, 9 GE from US, 5 Toshiba from Japan, 2 United Imaging from China) and 53 DXA instruments (34 GE Lunar from US, 14 Hologic from US, 5 Medlink from France) used in multi-centre in China were enrolled. The CT equipment came from 31 centers and DXA equipment from 32 centers.Using Mindways QCT software, the ESP was scanned 10 times on each instrument with repositioning using standardized spine protocols with QCT and DXA. The BMD value of the three lumbar vertebrae with low, medium, high density and the mean BMD value were measured. Accuracy was assessed by comparing BMD values measured on each device with the actual value of the phantom. Short-term precision was calculated as the root-mean-square standard deviation (RMS-SD) and root-mean-square standard deviation coefficient of variation (RMS-%CV) for the repeated measurements. The repeated measures variance analysis was used to compare the differences in BMD between different devices.Results:The differences in BMD values were statistically significant among different CT and DXA devices.The ranges of the accuracy measured by different QCT devices were 1.20% to 7.60% for Siemens, -1.83% to 0.20% for Philips, 1.18% to 13.20% for GE, -0.12% to 3.55% for Toshiba, -1.65% to 6.32% for United Imaging, 6.59% to 21.34% for GE Lunar, -6.65% to 5.45% for Hologic, and -6.97% to -0.68% for Medlink, respectively. The RMS-%CV of all vertebral BMD values measured by QCT and DXA ranged from 0.38% to 3.85%. The RMS-SD of QCT was 0.54 to 2.45 mg/cm 3, of DXA was 0.009 to 0.037 g/cm 2. The RMS-%CV values of each vertebral body measured by different QCT and DXA devices decreased with the increase of BMD, while the RMS-SD values showed the opposite tendency. Conclusions:Based on ESP, the QCT and DXA devices have significant differences in lumbar spine BMD measurement. Comparing the measurement results among different devices requires cross-calibration. Overall, the accuracy and short-term precision are within a reasonable range, which can be used for clinical follow-up observation. The short-term precision error and accuracy error range of QCT in evaluating the density of ESP were slightly smaller than those of DXA.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883953

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of childhood abuse experience on relapse tendency of compulsory drug abusers, and the intermediary role of resilience and depression between them.Methods:A total of 261 drug abusers were investigated with childhood trauma questionnaire(CTQ), the Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC), self-rating depression scale (SDS) and relapse tendency psychological questionnaire.All data processing and analysis were carried out by SPSS 25.0 software.Correlation analysis, Bootstrap analysis and other methods were used to test the mediating effect.Results:The scores of childhood abuse treatment, resilience, depression and relapse tendency were 44.690±18.550, 60.210±22.790, 48.370±12.450, and 15.300±9.833 respectively.Childhood abuse was negatively correlated with resilience( r=-0.396, P<0.01), and positively correlated with depression and relapse tendency( r=0.584, 0.298, P<0.01).Resilience was negatively correlated with depression and relapse tendency( r=-0.558, -0.147, P<0.05).Depression had a significant positive correlation with relapse tendency( r=0.286, P<0.01).Childhood abuse could directly predict the tendency of relapse( β=0.202, P<0.01), and it could also affect the tendency of relapse through the mediation of depression( β=0.082, 95% CI=0.007-0.165) and the chain mediation of resilience and depression( β=0.029, 95% CI=0.002-0.064). Conclusion:The experience of childhood abuse leads to the decrease of resilience of strong abstinence personnel and increases the level of depression, which finally increases the tendency of relapse.

7.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 19-25, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881964

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To construct and verify the incidence prediction model of occupational coal workers′ pneumoconiosis(CWP) in coal mine workers exposed to dust(hereinafter referred to as ″dust exposure″) based on a multi-layer perceptron(MLP) neural network, and explore its application value in predicting CWP incidence. METHODS: A total of 17 023 dust exposed workers in a coal mining group in Hebei Province from 1970 to 2017 were selected as the research subjects by a typical sampling method. Among them, 839 patients were confirmed as CWP and 16 185 workers did not suffered from CWP. The MLP neural network model was established with the incidence of CWP as the target output variable, and the type of work, age, beginning year of dust exposure, observation year(i.e. incubation period) and cumulative dust exposure as the input variable. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive ability of the built model. The established model was used to predict the high-risk group and key monitoring group population of CWP in dust-exposed workers in the following 10 years. RESULTS: There were 44 synapses in the hidden layer of the established MLP neural network model. The area under ROC curve was 0.91. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the model were 92.7%, 74.8% and 93.6%, respectively. In the validation samples, the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were 92.1%, 70.5% and 93.2%, respectively. The MLP neural network model was used to predict 1 534 workers with high risk of CWP in the following 10 years, and the individuals were located. The number of workers in need of actively monitored was 7 599. Among them, it is predicted that the incidence of CWP in different types of dust exposed workers in the following 10 years from high to low is tunneling worker, coal miner, mixing worker and auxiliary worker(P<0.01). The earlier the dust exposure began, the higher the risk of CWP(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The MLP neural network model based on the type of work, age, beginning year of dust exposure, incubation period and cumulative dust exposure has a good performance in predicting the incidence of CWP in coal mine dust exposure workers, and can provide a reference for early preventive management measures to prevent and cure CWP.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881072

ABSTRACT

In this study, a high performance thin-layer chromatography/single quadrupole mass spectrometry QDa (HPTLC-QDa) method for robust authentication of Ganoderma lucidum, a popular and valuable herbal medicine, has been developed. This method is simple and practical, which allows direct generation of characteristic mass spectra from the HPTLC plates automatically with the application of in situ solvent desorption interface. The HPTLC silica gel plates were developed with toluene-ethyl formate-formic acid (5 : 5 : 0.2, V/V) and all bands were transferred to QDa system directly in situ using 80% methanol with 0.1% formic acid as desorption solvent. The acquired HPTLC-QDa spectra showed that luminous yellow band b3, containing ganoderic acid B/G/H and ganodeneric acid B, the major active components of Ganoderma, could be found only in G. lucidum and G. lucidum (Antler-shaped), but not in G. sinense and G. applanatum. Moreover, bands b13 and b14 with m/z 475/477 and m/z 475/491/495, respectively, could be detected in G. lucidum (Antler-shaped), but not in G. lucidum, thus allowing simple and robust authentication of G. lucidum with confused species. This method is proved to be simple, practical and reproducible, which can be extended to analyze other herbal medicines.

9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 108-115, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880940

ABSTRACT

Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) alone or in combination with other immunosuppressive drugs has emerged as a promising strategy in the setting of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Improved survival rate was reported in lymphoid malignancies following PT-Cy strategy compared with myeloid disease in non-myeloablative bone marrow transplant setting. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PT-Cy combined with cyclosporine as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis after myeloablative conditioning and T cell-replete peripheral stem cell transplantation in lymphoid malignancies. This single-arm phase II clinical trial (NCT01435447) involving 31 adult patients was conducted from January 2013 to June 2018. The donor-type neutrophil engraftment rate was 100%, and the overall incidence of grade II to IV and grade III to IV acute GVHD was 39% and 24%, respectively. The cumulative incidence rates of chronic GVHD (35%), including moderate to severe forms (10%), were reduced compared with those of the historical group (P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively). With a median follow-up of 18 months, the estimated 2-year overall and event-free survival was 64.8% (95% confidence interval: 47.8%-86.7%) and 58.4% (95% CI: 41.9%-81.7%), respectively. The 2-year cumulative incidence rate of relapse was 19.5% (95% CI: 9.0%-35.8%), whereas the non-relapse mortality rate was 21.8% (95% CI: 11.3%-38.1%). These results demonstrated the feasibility of PT-Cy as GVHD prophylaxis in this clinical setting. This strategy could significantly reduce the incidence of chronic GVHD and its moderate to severe forms but not of acute GVHD and results in similar survival outcomes compared with the historical group. A prospective study with additional patients is warranted to confirm the role of PT-Cy in lymphoid malignancy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Busulfan/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Neoplasms , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Prospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Vidarabine/analogs & derivatives
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA).@*METHODS@#Clinical data from 270 SAA patients with allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed, including 108 sib congruence patients and 162 substitute donors (68 unrelated donor congruence patients and 94 related haploid patients). Different pretreatment schemes were selected for different transplantation modes. The HLA-identical sibling and haploid grafts were all bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cells, and the grafts from unrelated donors were peripheral blood stem cells. After granulocyte implantation, blood CMV-DNA was regularly monitored. Flow cytometry was also used to determine the absolute number of CD3@*RESULTS@#CMV infection occurred in 229 of 270 patients with an incidence of 84.8%. Among them, 18 patients developed giant cell disease. Univariate analysis showed that alternative donors (unrelated total and haploid donors), mycophenolate mofetil and acute graft-versus-host disease were statistically significantly associated with CMV infection (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that alternative donors were associated with CMV infection. The recovery of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#After allo-HSCT, substitute donors are more easily to develop CMV infection than full-sibling donors, and the reconstruction of immune function is delayed after transplantation.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880163

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influencing factors in children with chronicity immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), and to provide basis for judging the prognosis and treatment in children with ITP.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of children with ITP admitted to The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University in the past 5 years were retrospectively analyzed and followed up for more than 1 year. According to the inclusion criteria, the eligible cases (328 cases in total) were selected and collected through medical record system retrieval, outpatient clinic and telephone follow-up. Independent influencing factors affecting the prognosis of children with ITP were obtained through single-factor and multi-factor logistic analysis, and their predictive value for the prognosis of ITP in children were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Of 328 children with ITP, 208 were newly diagnosed with ITP (64%), 54 were persistent ITP (16%), 66 were chronic ITP (20%), and the remission rate within 1 year was 79.9%. The results of univariate analysis showed that, age, pre-morbidity history of infection and vaccination, antinuclear antibodies, initial absolute lymphocyte count(ALC) and treatment options were related to the prognosis of the children (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the history of infection and vaccination before onset, initial treatment options, and ALC at the time of initial diagnosis were independent factors affecting the prognosis of children with ITP (P<0.05). The time for platelet recovery to 100×10@*CONCLUSION@#The initial treatment plan combined with IVIG can reduce the occurrence of chronicity in children with ITP, and its efficacy is better than that of the single corticosteroids group (the platelet recovery time is shorter); history of preceding infection or vaccination, ALC at the time of initial diagnosis are independent factors affecting the prognosis of children with ITP, and the combination of the two shows a better predictive value for the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Prognosis , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analysis the relationship between different BMI (body mass index) and the clinical characteristics, laboratory examination indexes of newly diagnosed adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), so as to investigate the effects of BMI to the efficacy of first induction chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 145 newly diagnosed adult AML patients treated in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from August 2015 to August 2019 were retrospective analyzed. According to the guidelines for prevention and control of overweight and obesity in Chinese adults, the BMI (kg/m@*RESULTS@#Among the 145 newly diagnosed adult AML patients, there were 71 males and 74 females. The median age was 50 years old(range 18 to 82 years old). There were 21 patients in underweight group (14.5%), 79 patients in normal weight group (54.5%), and 45 patients in overweight and obese group (31.0%). The patients with higher BMI level showed the older in age(P=0.018). There were significant differences in sex between the patients in each group(P=0.035). In overweight and obese patients, the number of male was significantly higher than female. There were no statistical differences in AML classification, comorbidities(Diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease), hospital days, whether secondary AML and FLT3 gene mutation among the patients in different BMI groups. There were significant differences in TG of the patients in the different groups, the overweight and obese patients were higher (P=0.007). There were no significant differences in WBC and Hb counts, ALB, TC, HDL, LDL, or LDH between the patients in each BMI group at newly diagnosed. The complete remission rate of the patients in the low body mass group or overweight and obese group were lower than that in the normal body weight group (P=0.035). The rate of documented infection during the first induction chemotherapy were significantly higher for the patients in low body mass group than those in normal weight group or overweight and obese group (P=0.038). There was no statistical difference in chemotherapy regimens, the number of chemotherapy until CR, febrile neutropenia, bleeding, and the time of neutropenia, liver and kidney toxicity among each BMI group. Multivariate analysis showed that overweight and obese (P=0.012) , FLT3 mutation (P=0.015) were the risk factors affecting the CR rate of the patients. And the patients with secondary AML, high-risk type, and newly diagnosed WBC ≥50×10@*CONCLUSION@#In newly diagnosed adult patients with AML, low body mass, overweight and obesity, and FLT3 mutations were the factors reducing the early efficacy of AML patients. There were more adverse reactions induced by chemotherapy in the low body mass group. Therefore, inappropriate BMI level can be a risk factor for assessing the prognosis of adults with newly diagnosed AML.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Body Mass Index , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880075

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of micro-transplantation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 13 adult AML patients who received micro-transplantation as consolidation therapy from July 2014 to October 2019 was retrospectively analyzed, and the adverse reactions and efficacy of micro-transplantation were followed up.@*RESULTS@#Eight patients received micro-transpantation were still in complete remission, 5 patients relapsed after micro-transplantation, 1 of them received umbilical cord blood micro-transplantation after remission by reinduction, and all of the 13 patients have survived till now. The median overall survival time was 13 months, and the median relapse-free survival time was 12 months. All 13 patients developed grade 2-4 hematological adverse reactions. The median recovery time of neutrophils and platesets was 13 (11-15) and 15 (13-17) days, respectively. None of the 13 patients developed acute or chronic graft versus host disease. Twelve patients suffered from different infections, however, there were no serious organ function injury complications happened.@*CONCLUSION@#The micro-transplomtation of HLA-incompatible stem cells derived from peripheral blood or umbilical and blood is an effective regimen for the consolidation therapy of AML, especially for the patients suffered from low and moderate risk of AML or the aged AML patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Consolidation Chemotherapy , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879105

ABSTRACT

Weeds is one of the important parts of agricultural ecosystem of Chinese materia medica. Weeds is a double-edged sword with advantages and disadvantages for the cultivated medicinal plants. In this study, we firstly analyzed the positive and negative effects of weeds on the yield and quality of Chinese materia medica. We then explored the possible mechanisms for the weeds' positive effects from the aspects of interspecific relationship, soil microecological environment, light environment, natural control of pests and so on. We also summarized three basic principles of weed control, that is, "making medicinal plants and weeds coexist harmoniously, achieving the overall optimum growth of medicinal plants", "prevention first, integrated control" and "preserving beneficial weeds and increasing their beneficial effects, removing harmful weeds and control their adverse effects". Finally, we introduced several common weed ecological control technology in field of the cultivated medicinal plants in China, including technology of controlling weeds by no-tillage, stral mulch, rotation, alternative herbs, competitive crops, and allelopathy. This study is aimed to apply the ecology theory to guide weed management and control, so as to achieve the goal of advantages promotion and disadvantages elimination of weeds to cultivated medicinal plants, making weeds into treasure and to promote the sustainable and healthy development of Chinese medicinal materials production and the protection of weed diversity.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Ecosystem , Materia Medica , Plants, Medicinal
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1289-1298, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878153

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The significant morbidity and mortality resulted from the infection of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) call for urgent development of effective and safe vaccines. We report the immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, KCONVAC, in healthy adults.@*METHODS@#Phase 1 and phase 2 randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trials of KCONVAC were conducted in healthy Chinese adults aged 18 to 59 years. The participants in the phase 1 trial were randomized to receive two doses, one each on Days 0 and 14, of either KCONVAC (5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo. The participants in the phase 2 trial were randomized to receive either KCONVAC (at 5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo on Days 0 and 14 (0/14 regimen) or Days 0 and 28 (0/28 regimen). In the phase 1 trial, the primary safety endpoint was the proportion of participants experiencing adverse reactions/events within 28 days following the administration of each dose. In the phase 2 trial, the primary immunogenicity endpoints were neutralization antibody seroconversion and titer and anti-receptor-binding domain immunoglobulin G seroconversion at 28 days after the second dose.@*RESULTS@#In the phase 1 trial, 60 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 24), 10-μg vaccine (n = 24), or placebo (n = 12). In the phase 2 trial, 500 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 100 for 0/14 or 0/28 regimens), 10-μg vaccine (n = 100 for each regimen), or placebo (n = 50 for each regimen). In the phase 1 trial, 13 (54%), 11 (46%), and seven (7/12) participants reported at least one adverse event (AE) after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. In the phase 2 trial, 16 (16%), 19 (19%), and nine (18%) 0/14-regimen participants reported at least one AE after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. Similar AE incidences were observed in the three 0/28-regimen treatment groups. No AEs with an intensity of grade 3+ were reported, expect for one vaccine-unrelated serious AE (foot fracture) reported in the phase 1 trial. KCONVAC induced significant antibody responses; 0/28 regimen showed a higher immune responses than that did 0/14 regimen after receiving two vaccine doses.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both doses of KCONVAC are well tolerated and able to induce robust immune responses in healthy adults. These results support testing 5-μg vaccine in the 0/28 regimen in an upcoming phase 3 efficacy trial.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx (No. ChiCTR2000038804, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=62350; No. ChiCTR2000039462, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=63353).


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Double-Blind Method , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, Inactivated/adverse effects
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1152-1159, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878126

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Compared to adult studies, studies which involve the treatment of pediatric congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) are limited and no universal treatment regimen is available. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)/human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) therapy for treating male adolescents with CHH.@*METHODS@#Male adolescent CHH patients were treated with hCG/hMG (n = 20) or a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) pump (n = 21). The treatment was divided into a study phase (0-3 months) and a follow-up phase (3-12 months). The testicular volume (TV), penile length (PL), penis diameter (PD), and sex hormone levels were compared between the two groups. The TV and other indicators between the groups were analyzed using a t-test (equal variance) or a rank sum test (unequal variance).@*RESULTS@#Before treatment, there was no statistical difference between the two groups in terms of the biochemistry, hormones, and other demographic indicators. After 3 months of treatment, the TV of the hCG/hMG and GnRH groups increased to 5.1 ± 2.3 mL and 4.1 ± 1.8 mL, respectively; however, the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05, t = 1.394). The PL reached 6.9 ± 1.8 cm and 5.1 ± 1.6 cm (P  0.05, t = 0.314). After 9 to 12 months of treatment, the T level was higher in the hCG/hMG group. Other parameters did not exhibit a statistical difference.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The hCG/hMG regimen is feasible and effective for treating male adolescents with CHH. The initial 3 months of treatment may be a window to optimally observe the strongest effects of therapy. Furthermore, results from the extended time-period showed positive outcomes at the 1-year mark; however, the long-term effectiveness, strengths, and weaknesses of the hCG/hMG regimen require further research.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02880280; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02880280.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Chorionic Gonadotropin/therapeutic use , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Hypogonadism/drug therapy , Male , Menotropins/therapeutic use , Spermatogenesis , Testosterone
17.
Rev. invest. clín ; 72(1): 25-31, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251831

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Clinical situations in intensive care units (ICUs) change rapidly, and many factors may prolong the length of stay (LOS) of patients. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to examine the effects of implementing an electronic-ICU (e-ICU) and an informatics system in an ICU on the LOS of patients and quality of care. Methods: We evaluated the implementation of a technology electronic dashboard-ICU (TED-ICU) system to upload automatically physiological information and clinical data within the critical care unit for providing real-time information to the care team. Furthermore, TED-ICU software automatically performed Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) every 48 h. If a patient's SOFA score decreased by more than 2 points, there was an automatic reminder for transferring patients to the general ward. We prospectively collected data for this study from the ICU before and after implementing the e-ICU. Results: In total, 2248 patients were admitted to our ICU during the study period (1147 and 1101 patients before and after TED-ICU implementation, respectively). Demographic characteristics and in-hospital mortality rates did not differ significantly between the two groups, and the LOS decreased from 7.26 to 5.53 days (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Implementing an informatics system (TED-ICU) and care bundle in ICUs can reduce the LOS.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788889

ABSTRACT

Tricalcium phosphate (TCP) is one of the most widely used bioceramics for constructing bone tissue engineering scaffold. The three-dimensional (3D) printed TCP scaffold has precise and controllable pore structure, while with the limitation of insufficient mechanical properties. In this study, we investigated the effect of sintering temperature on the mechanical properties of 3D-printed TCP scaffolds in detail, due to the important role of the sintering process on the mechanical properties of bioceramic scaffolds. The morphology, mass and volume shrinkage, porosity, mechanical properties and degradation property of the scaffold was studied. The results showed that the scaffold sintered at 1 150℃ had the maximum volume shrinkage, the minimum porosity and optimal mechanical strength, with the compressive strength of (6.52 ± 0.84) MPa and the compressive modulus of (100.08 ± 18.6) MPa, which could meet the requirements of human cancellous bone. In addition, the 1 150℃ sintered scaffold degraded most slowly in the acidic environment compared to the scaffolds sintered at the other temperatures, demonstrating its optimal mechanical stability over long-term implantation. The scaffold can support bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) adherence and rapid proliferation and has good biocompatibility. In summary, this paper optimizes the sintering process of 3D printed TCP scaffold and improves its mechanical properties, which lays a foundation for its application as a load-bearing bone.

19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 115-124, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788847

ABSTRACT

Placenta serves as a temporary fetal organ, which mediates maternal-fetal crosstalk and intrauterine fetal growth. Placental defensive barrier is a fundamental physiological function, which balances maternal immune tolerance to the fetus and resistance to pathogens. This review summarizes the latest research progress on the mechanisms of placental barrier formation from the view of placental development. Recent discoveries have shed light on the cellular and molecular properties of placental defensive mechanisms in syncytiotrophoblast, including autophagy, exosome mediated anti-pathogenic pathways, cell-cell junctions and cytoskeleton networks. We also present an overview of placental barrier dysfunction and its implications in intrauterine TORCH infections.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876208

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the relationship between chronic diseases and cognitive function in elderly patients, for the purpose of preventing and alleviating cognitive malfunction. Methods A total of 100 retired high intellectuals with age older than 65 years were enrolled.They were hospitalized in Zhongshan Hospital and were requested to complete a conventional questionnaire.Cognitive function was evaluated by Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) Scale.Their chronic diseases including hypertension, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus were recorded and compared among subjects with different cognitive function levels. Results Based on MoCA Scale, 34 cases were sorted as having normal cognitive function, 50 cases as mild cognitive impairment, and 16 cases as moderate cognitive impairment.Patients with moderate cognitive impairment showed a significantly higher percentage of hypertension (93.8%), coronary artery disease (75.0%), stroke (56.3%), diabetes mellitus (56.3%) while the patients with normal cognitive function exhibited relatively lower percentage of the above-mentioned diseases (61.8%, 41.2%, 17.6%, 20.6%, respectively, P < 0.05).However such difference was not observed for respiratory disease and neoplastic disease among patients with different cognitive conditions (P>0.05).In addition, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases were found to be important risk factors of mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment (P=0.002). Conclusion Prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases could be imperative to alleviate the process of cognitive impairment.

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