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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 117-119+151, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959062

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics and influencing factors of bronchiectasis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Qiaokou District of Wuhan from 2016 to 2020. Methods The clinical data of 412 COPD patients admitted to Wuhan First Hospital from January 2016 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into combined group (162 cases) and non-combined group (250 cases) according to whether they were complicated with bronchiectasis by the high-resolution chest CT examination. The differences in basic data, laboratory indexes, and lung function indexes between the two groups of patients were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors for COPD patients complicated with bronchiectasis from 2016 to 2020 in Qiaokou District of Wuhan. Results The proportion of COPD patients with smoking history, the proportion of pulmonary tuberculosis history, the proportion of producing yellow-white sputum and yellow sputum, and the duration of symptoms in the combined group were significantly higher than those in the non-combined group (P<0.05). The PO2 and albumin levels of patients in the combined group were lower than those in the non-combined group (P<0.05), but the proportion of PCO2, hemoglobin, sputum culture positive, and the proportion of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection were significantly higher than those in the non-combined group (P<0.05). The values of the FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC, and FEV1% pred of patients in the combined group were significantly lower than those in the non-combined group (P<0.05). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that smoking history (OR=3.39, 95% CI: 2.02-5.56), pulmonary tuberculosis history (OR=3.09 , 95%CI: 1.85-5.16), duration of symptoms (OR=3.48, 95% CI: 1.93-6.29) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection (OR=3.76, 95% CI: 1.98-7.15) were the risk factors affecting COPD with bronchiectasis (P<0.05). Conclusion The pulmonary function of COPD patients with bronchiectasis decreased significantly in Qiaokou District of Wuhan from 2016 to 2020. The smoking history, tuberculosis history, duration of symptoms, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection are risk factors affecting COPD patients complicated with bronchiectasis.

2.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 22-29, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971269

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficiency and effect of establishing rat peri-implantitis model by traditional cotton thread ligation and local injection of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) around the implant, as well as the combination of the two methods.@*METHODS@#Left side maxillary first molars of 39 male SD rats were extracted, and titanium implants were implanted after four weeks of healing. After 4 weeks of implant osseointegration, 39 rats were randomly divided into 4 groups. Cotton thread ligation (n=12), local injection of LPS around the implant (n=12), and the two methods combined (n=12) were used to induce peri-implantitis, the rest 3 rats were untreated as control group. All procedures were conducted under 5% isoflurane inhalation anesthesia. The rats were sacrificed 2 weeks and 4 weeks after induction through carbon dioxide asphyxiation method. The maxilla of the rats in the test groups were collected and marginal bone loss was observed by micro-CT. The gingival tissues around the implants were collected for further real time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis, specifically the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) as well as interleukin-1β (IL-1β). The probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and gingival index (GI) of each rat in the experimental group were recorded before induction of inflammation and before death.@*RESULTS@#After 4 weeks of implantation, the osseointegration of implants were confirmed. All the three test groups showed red and swollen gums, obvious marginal bone loss around implants. After 2 weeks and 4 weeks of inflammation induction, PD, GI and BOP of the three test groups increased compared with those before induction, but only BOP was statistically significant among the three test groups (P < 0.05). At the end of 2 weeks of inflammation induction, marginal bone loss was observed at each site in the cotton thread ligation group and the combined group. At each site, the bone resorption in the combined group was greater than that in the cotton thread ligation group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05), bone resorption was observed at some sites of some implants in LPS local injection group. At the end of 4 weeks of inflammation induction, marginal bone loss was observed at all sites in each group. The marginal bone loss in the cotton thread ligation group and the combined group was greater than that in the LPS local injection group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). At the end of 2 weeks and 4 weeks of induction, the expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in the test groups were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with local injection of LPS around the implant, cotton thread ligature and the two methods combined can induce peri-implantitis in rats better and faster.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Inflammation , Lipopolysaccharides , Peri-Implantitis/pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 124-127, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effects and adverse reactions of hydromorphone versus morphine subcutaneous injection analgesia for cancer outbreak pain.Methods:A total of 98 patients with cancer outbreak pain admitted to Xuzhou Central Hospital were selected. According to the random number table method, the patients were divided into the observation group (receiving subcutaneous injection of hydromorphone for analgesia) and the control group (receiving subcutaneous injection of morphine for analgesia), 49 cases in each group. The numerical rating scale (NRS) scores and quality of life (QOL) scores, pain relief effects, serum β-endorphin, substance P, 5-hydroxytryptamine levels and the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results:The NRS scores of the two groups after treatment were decreased compared with those before treatment (all P < 0.05); and the NRS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group after treatment [(2.4±0.4) scores vs. (3.2±0.5) scores, t = 8.69, P < 0.001]; the QOL scores of the two groups after treatment were higher than those before treatment (all P < 0.05); and there were no statistically significant difference in QOL scores after treatment between the two groups [(46±7) scores vs. (43±7) scores, t = 1.62, P = 0.109]. The total effective rate of pain relief of the observation group was higher than that of the control group [93.88% (46/49) vs.79.59% (39/49), χ2 = 4.35, P = 0.037]. The serum β-endorphin, substance P, 5-hydroxytryptamine levels of the two groups after treatment were decreased compared with those before treatment (all P < 0.05). β-endorphin, substance P and 5-hydroxytryptamine of the observation group were lower than those of the control group after treatment[β-endorphin: (85±15) ng/L vs. (98±17) ng/L, substance P: (2.1±0.3) μg/ml vs. (2.4±0.4) μg/ml, 5-hydroxytryptamine: (0.31±0.05) ng/L vs.(0.38±0.06) ng/L; t values were 3.75, 3.63, 6.27, all P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the incidence of adverse reactions like skin pruritus, nausea and vomiting of the observation group were lower (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:Compared with subcutaneous injection of morphine for analgesia, hydromorphone can better alleviate the pain of patients with cancer outbreak pain, decrease the level of pain mediators, and reduce the incidence of skin pruritus, nausea and vomiting.

4.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 534-540, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956120

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of visual processing patterns on emotional face processing in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD).Methods:From June 2020 to August 2021, twenty-two AD patients (AD group) who met the conditions of this study were selected from the memory impairment clinic of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, and demographically matched twenty-one elderly healthy people (control group) were selected from the patients' family members and community residents. The two groups of subjects performed emotional face visual scanning and facial recognition experiments after completing the evaluation of the cognitive scale and eye movement data were recorded in the emotional face visual scanning task. Statistical analysis of the obtained results was performed using SPSS 23.0 Windows version software. The data that conformed to the normal distribution were tested by independent samples t-test and variance analysis, and the data that did not conform to the normal distribution were tested by nonparametric test. Results:(1)In the emotional face recognition task, the total accuracy of facial emotion recognition of AD patients(0.52(0.42, 0.59)) was lower than that of the normal control group(0.67(0.64, 0.69)), and the difference was statistically significant( Z=-4.023, P<0.01), which was mainly manifested in recognizing complex facial emotion. (2) In the emotional face visual processing task, the saccade count ((1.96±0.97), (2.50±0.44)), fixation count ((3.93±2.58), (6.37±2.08))and fixation time ((1 205.89±727.32)s, (1 761.38±525.54)s)of AD patients were lower than those of the control group( t=-2.314, -3.402, -2.880, all P<0.05), and the surrounding facial fixation time (384.95 (276.51, 587.78)s, 276.06 (190.03, 384.55)s) was higher than that of the control group( Z=-2.478, P=0.013). Patients with AD had a lower fixation count than that in the control group on the eye area of surprise ((3.76±2.90), (6.25±2.19)), anger ((4.48±2.72), (7.06±2.55)) and disgust ((4.10±2.45), (6.67±2.45)), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-3.164, -3.207, -3.436, all P<0.05). Patients with AD had a lower fixation time than those of the control group on the eye area of surprise ((1 150.26±753.22)s, (1 779.91±551.66)s), angry ((1 430.85±869.52)s, (1 944.51±612.63)s) and disgust ((1 266.14±765.67)s, (1 898.33±676.02)s), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-3.115, -2.247, -2.865, all P<0.05). (3) Spearman correlation analysis showed that the accuracy of overall emotional face recognition was positively correlated with the fixation time in the eye area in AD patients ( r=0.429, P<0.05). Conclusion:The impaired visual processing of AD patients causes emotional face recognition disorders. Therefore, AD patients have different visual processing patterns in emotional face processing than age-matched normal controls, mainly manifested as the decreased fixation on the eye area.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 570-575, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884945

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether sleep quality suffers in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease(AD)and mild cognitive impairment(MCI), and to further investigate the correlation between sleep disorders and cognitive function in these patients.Methods:In this study, 30 mild AD patients, 39 MCI patients and 43 demographically matched healthy controls were enrolled.Sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI), and cognitive function was assessed by the mini-mental state examination(MMSE), the Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA)and a set of neuropsychological scales.The correlation of sleep quality with cognitive function was analyzed for the three groups.Results:Differences were significant in sleep time score[0.0(1.0), 1.0(2.0) vs.1.0(1.0), F=8.18, P=0.02]and daytime function score[1.0(1.0), 1.0(1.0) vs.0.0(1.0), F=8.73, P=0.01]between mild AD, MCI and health control groups.Spearman correlation analysis suggested that scores of sleep disorders were negatively correlated with DSB( r=-0.43, P=0.02)and scores of daytime function were positively correlated with ADL( r=0.39, P=0.03)in patients with mild AD.In addition, scores of sleep quality were negatively correlated with the DSB score( r=-0.40, P=0.01), scores of sleep disorders were positively correlated with ADL( r=0.45, P<0.01), scores of daytime function were negatively correlated with DSF( r=-0.42, P=0.01), DSB( r=-0.62, P<0.01)and VFT-S( r=-0.33, P=0.04), and the total PSQI score was negatively correlated with DSF( r=-0.45, P=0.01)and DSB( r=-0.44, P=0.01)in the MCI group. Conclusions:Patients with mild AD and MCI have longer sleep time and impaired daytime function than healthy people, and sleep quality is correlated with memory, attention and daily living ability in patients with mild AD and MCI.

6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 252-258, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880548

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate whether the efficacy of Getong Tongluo Capsule (, GTC, consisted of total flavone of Radix Puerariae) on improving patients' quality of life and lowering blood pressure are superior to the extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGB) for patients with convalescent-phase ischemic stroke and primary hypertension.@*METHODS@#This randomized, positive-drug- and placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was conducted from September 2015 to October 2017. Totally 477 eligible patients from 18 hospitals in China were randomly assigned in a 2:1:1 ratio to the following interventions, twice a day for 12 weeks: (1) GTC 250 mg plus EGB-matching placebo 40 mg (237 cases, GTC group), (2) EGB 40 mg plus GTC-matching placebo 250 mg (120 cases, EGB group) or (3) GTC-matching placebo 250 mg plus EGB-matching placebo 40 mg (120 cases, placebo group). Moreover, all patients were orally administered aspirin enteric-coated tablets 100 mg, once a day for 12 weeks. The primary outcome was the Barthel Index (BI). The secondary outcomes included the control rate of blood pressure and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores. The incidence and severity of adverse events (AEs) were calculated and assessed.@*RESULTS@#The BI relative independence rates, the clinical recovery rates of NIHSS, and the total effective rates of NIHSS in the GTC and EGB groups were significantly higher than the placebo group at 12 weeks after treatment (P0.05). The control rate of blood pressure in the GTC group was significantly higher than the EGB and placebo groups at 12, 18 and 24 weeks after treatment (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#GTC exhibited significant efficacy in improving patients' quality of life as well as neurological function and controlling hypertension. (Registration No. ChiCTR1800016667).

7.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 191-195, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between RNF213 gene p. R4810K polymorphism and posterior cerebral artery involvement in Chinese children with familial moyamoya disease.Methods:Children with familial moyamoya disease admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery, the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from August 2004 to June 2018 were enrolled, and they were divided into posterior cerebral artery involved group and posterior cerebral artery uninvolved group. RNF213 gene p. R4810K single nucleotide polymorphism was detected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for posterior cerebral artery involvement. Results:A total of 65 children with familial moyamoya disease were enrolled. Their age was 6.98±4.46 years and 37 (56.9%) were male. The first symptom of 55 children (84.6%) was cerebral ischemia, and 37 (56.9%) involved posterior cerebral artery. There were 3 (4.6%) children with p. R4810K AA genotype, 26 (40.0%) with GA genotype, and 36 (55.4%) with GG genotype. The p. R4810K genotype distribution in the posterior cerebral artery involved group was statistically different from that in the uninvolved group (GA+ AA genotype: 56.8% vs. 28.6%; χ2=5.124, P=0.024), and there were no statistical difference in gender, age, first symptom, and genetic pattern. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting the first onset age and gender, p. R4810K G>A mutation was the only independent risk factor for posterior cerebral artery involvement (odds ratio 3.240, 95% confidence interval 1.082-9.705; P=0.020). Conclusion:The p. R4810K polymorphism of RNF213 gene is associated with posterior cerebral artery involvement in Chinese children with familial moyamoya disease.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1112-1116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905446

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the the quality of care for the people with disabilities and the related factors in Chengguan district of Lanzhou, Gansu, China. Methods:From August to November, 2016, 606 persons with disabilities registered in Chengguan District of Lanzhou City were sampled with multi-stage stratified cluster sampling, and investigated with World Health Organization Quality of Care and Support (QOCS) for people with disabilities in home. Results:The total score of QOCS was (50.33±11.25), and the dimension-score proportion were 59.5%, 62.0%, 63.9%, and 72.6% in the dimensions of acquisition, care giving, care accessibility and care environment, respectively. Multiple linear regression showed that the degree of disability, degree of disability influenced and income level were the independent factors realted with the total score of QOCS. There are significant differences among people with disabilities in term of different demographic characteristics and the severity of disability in each dimension-score. Conclusion:The quality of care for the people with disabilities needs to be improved in Chengguan District of Lanzhou in reasonable ways.

9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 523-527, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828711

ABSTRACT

Functional movement disorders (FMDs), also known as psychogenic movement disorders (PMDs), should be considered a biological-psychological-social disease like other functional neurological diseases. It is not merely a psychological or mental disease. The etiology of FMDs includes neurobiological changes, such as abnormal patterns of cerebral activation and abnormal connectivity between the limbic system and the motor networks. Inheritance and epigenetic machinery, such as DNA methylation and changes in grey and white matter morphology, may influence the development of FMDs. FMDs are not rare in the outpatient service of pediatrics and are one of the most challenging movement disorders due to complex and diversified clinical manifestations. Due to a lack of clinical knowledge and unified diagnostic criteria, it is difficult for pediatricians to make a correct diagnosis of FMDs, which may be easily confused with other diseases. Pediatricians should pay more attention to children with FMDs and establish a multidisciplinary team with psychiatrists, specialists in developmental behavior, and physiotherapists, so as to provide active management and treatment for such children.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Movement Disorders
10.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 566-571, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828133

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic has had a serious impact in the world. In the absence of vaccines and therapeutic drugs, disinfection has become an important technical means to block the spread of the virus. By analyzing the characteristics of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), we studied a series of disinfection technologies for COVID-19. During the outbreak of COVID-19, Jinan Second Center for Disease Control and Prevention disinfected the houses of the cases to be investigated in a community. The effectiveness of the disinfection technology was verified through the process of disinfection preparation, sampling before disinfection, field disinfection, sampling after disinfection and evaluation of disinfection effect. Compared the data before and after disinfection, the killing rate of the total bacterial colonies in the air and on the surface of the object was more than or equal to 90%, and no SARS-CoV-2 was detected after disinfection. The results show that the disinfection effect of the disinfection technology meets the standard. Finally, through the analysis of the wrong way of disinfection and the harm of over disinfection, the importance of scientific disinfection and precise disinfection are emphasized, and the research has a good guiding value for prevention and control of the epidemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Disinfection , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2054-2060, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826422

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is a common complication in women undergoing assisted reproductive treatment, but the underlying causes for this remain unclear. This study aimed to explore factors affecting the incidence of EP in in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective study on the incidence of EP in IVF/ICSI cycles between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2017. Patient age, infertility diagnosis (tubal factor or not), primary or secondary infertility, type of cycle (frozen-thawed or fresh), type of embryo(s) transferred (cleavage embryo or blastocyst), number of embryos transferred (one, two, or three), previous history of EP, and endometrial combined thickness were analyzed to explore their relationships with the incidence of EP. Based on clinical typing results, the patients were divided into an EP group or a non-EP group. Categorical variables were analyzed using Chi-squared test or Fisher exact test. Logistic regression analysis was performed to explore their associations with the incidence of EP.@*RESULTS@#The percentage of patients with primary infertility in EP group was significantly lower than that in non-EP group (31.3% vs. 46.7%, χ = 26.032, P < 0.001). The percentage of patients with tubal infertility in EP group was also significantly higher than that in non-EP group (89.2% vs. 63.6%, χ = 77.410, P < 0.001). The percentages of patients with transfer of cleavage-stage embryo or blastocyst (91.4% vs. 84.4%, χ = 10.132, P = 0.001) and different endometrial combined thickness (ECT) (χ = 18.373, P < 0.001) differed significantly between EP and non-EP groups. For patients who had a previous history of one to four EPs, the percentage of patients undergoing transfer of a cleavage-stage embryo was significantly higher in EP group than that in non-EP group (92.2% vs. 77.6%, χ = 13.737, P < 0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, tubal infertility was strongly associated with EP (adjusted odds ratio: 3.995, 95% confidence interval: 2.706-5.897, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In IVF/ICSI cycles, transfer of a blastocyst-stage embryo, especially for patients with a previous history of EP, reduced the rate of EP. Tubal infertility was strongly associated with EP.

12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 762-770, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of a kind of complete dentures fabricated using computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) workflow with that of the complete denture fabricated using conventional workflow.@*METHODS@#Twenty edentulous patients were included in this prospective, single-blind, self-controlled clinical trial. Two pairs of complete dentures were fabricated for each participant: one using the functional suitable denture (FSD) system with CAD/CAM, and the other using conventional fabrication workflow. In the final delivery appointment, the conventional dentures worn by the participant for 3 months at first. Then the participant swapped to wear digital denture for another 3 months. The patients' satisfaction and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) were measured using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and oral health impact profile (OHIP-20E) at baseline, 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months following denture delivery. In addition, the masticatory efficiency of each pair of dentures was measured after three months adaptation period for each type of dentures.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores of the twenty patients in FSD denture group on general satisfaction, ease of cleaning, ability to speak, esthetics, stability and oral health status on these six domains were higher than that of conventional denture group 3 months after delivery. While the VAS cores in FSD denture group on comfort, ability to chew and ability to chew up were the same as those of conventional denture group. But there was no significant difference (P>0.05). The VAS score on each domain in FSD denture group was higher than that of conventional denture group 3 months after delivery, three domains of which reached statistical significance (P < 0.05), involving functional limitation, psychological discomfort and total. The masticatory performance of the FSD denture (1.20±0.54) was slightly higher than that for the conventional denture (1.16±0.53), but the difference did not reach statistical significance (P=0.691).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The clinical efficacy of the FSD complete denture is comparable to that of the conventional complete denture. As for patient satisfaction and oral health related quality of life, FSD dentures received comparable scores as conventional complete dentures did.


Subject(s)
Humans , Denture, Complete , Patient Satisfaction , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Single-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 154-161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and compare the fishy components in raw, stir-fried, liquorice-processed, vinegar-processed and wine-processed products of Pheretima aspergillum, and explore the material basis and processing principle of fishy smell of P. aspergillum. Method:Heracles Ⅱ ultra-fasted gas chromatography electronic nose technology combined with chemometrics was used for the overall analysis of volatile components in raw P. aspergillum and its processed products. Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-GC-MS) was used to analyze and identify the volatile compositions in the raw products and processed products. Gas chromatographic conditions were as following:temperature program (initial temperature at 60 ℃, kept for 5 min, up to 120 ℃ with the heating rate of 3 ℃·min-1, and then up to 230 ℃ with the heating rate of 10 ℃·min-1 and finished), the inlet temperature at 280 ℃, high purity helium as the carrier gas, the flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1, the split ratio of 20∶1. Mass spectrum conditions were as following:electron impact ionization (EI), electron collision energy of 70 eV, ion source temperature of 230 ℃, quadrupole temperature at 150 ℃, scanning range of m/z 50-550. The relative content of each component was calculated by peak area normalization. Result:Principal component analysis (PCA) and discriminant factor analysis (DFA) of the electronic nose showed that the raw products and its processed products could be clearly distinguished from each other. Among them, the difference between raw products and stir-fried, liquorice-processed products was small, but the difference between raw products and vinegar-processed, wine-processed products was large. A total of 25, 27, 22, 26 and 33 components were respectively identified from raw, stir-fried, liquorice-processed, vinegar-processed and wine-processed products of P. aspergillum, there were 13 common components in these products, including 4 aldehydes (isovaleraldehyde, 2-methylbutyraldehyde, hexanal, benzaldehyde), 2 ketones (2-heptanone, 2-tridecanone), 1 carboxylic acid (lauric acid), 4 heterocyclic compounds (2-methylpyrazine, 2,5-dimethyl pyrazine, 2-pentylfuran, 2-ethyl-6-methyl pyrazine), 1 amine (trimethylamine) and 1 alcohol (1-octen-3-ol). Conclusion:The odorous components in the raw products are mainly derived from aldehydes (isovaleraldehyde, 2-methylbutyraldehyde, isobutyraldehyde, 2-ethylhexanal, hexanal) and amines (trimethylamine). Odorous components of P. aspergillum can be reduced effectively by stir-fried and liquorice, vinegar, wine processing, while flavoring substances can be increased by wine processing to cover its ugly odor. This paper can provide scientific basis for the deodorization of P. aspergillum by processing, and also provide reference for the analysis and correction of ugly odor of other animal medicines.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 101-107, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872959

ABSTRACT

Objective::To compare the difference of the content of volatile oil and the total relative percentage of phthalein compounds in volatile oil among different parts about Ligusticum chuanxiong, or among different decoction pieces with different processing methods. Method::Steam distillation was used(in the extraction of volatile oil.The chemical constituents of the volatile oil were identified by GC-MS analysis, and relative content of each component was determined by normalization method. Result::The contents of volatile oil in different parts were obviously different, and the order of the contents from high to low was rhizome(1.12%)>fibrous root(0.75%)>aerial part(0.41%). The GC-MS analysis similar compounds find in the three different volatile oils, and the order of total relative percentages of phthalein compounds from high to low was roots(83.29%)>rhizomes(44.5%)>aerial part(39.95%). On the other hand, the volatile oil content of three different Chuanxiong Rhizoma pieces with different processing methods was C(0.87%)>A(0.75%)>B(0.7%). The total relative percentages of phthalein compounds analyzed by GC-MS was C(79.14%)>A(73.09%)>B(67.29%). Conclusion::The content of phthalein compounds in the volatile oil of fibrous root was higher than that of rhizome, thus it can be appropriately used.The volatile oil content and chemical composition of different Chuanxiong Rhizoma pieces were significantly different.The content of volatile oil and phthalein compounds in fresh-cut Chuanxiong Rhizoma pieces were the most high, thus fresh-cutting can be used as a new processing method for Chuanxiong Rhizoma pieces.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 225-234, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872880

ABSTRACT

Gout is the second largest metabolic disease after diabetes, with a high incidence worldwide. Gout is a common and complex arthritic disease that, if left untreated, can damage joints and, in severe cases, lead to kidney stones and even life-threatening kidney failure. Although western medicine has also made significant achievements in the treatment of gout, it is often accompanied by gastrointestinal reactions, liver injury and other adverse reactions, and is prone to relapse after drug withdrawal, making the radical treatment of gout a difficult problem. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) used in gout have relatively long history, TCM has the characteristics of multiple ingredients targets, not only can produce related enzyme activity by inhibiting the uric acid(UA) and lowering uric acid generation, also can reduce uric acid by promoting uric acid excretion, except the uric acid reduction most applied in gout neighborhood of TCM can effectively reduce joint inflammation. TCM is mild, and the incidence of adverse reactions in the treatment of gout is significantly lower than that of western medicine. Some TCM can even play a role while protecting the kidney, so TCM is expected to solve the problem of treating gout. In recent years, a large number of studies have been conducted on the application of TCM in the gout neighborhood at home and abroad. By summarizing the studies on the application of TCM in the gout disease in the past 10 years, the mechanism of action and material basis have been summarized and analyzed, in the hope of providing references for the studies on the prevention and treatment of gout by TCM.

16.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 522-526, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754153

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether the ability of intertemporal choice is impaired in patients with mild cognitive impairment. Methods Twenty-seven patients with mild cognitive impairment and thirty-five healthy controls were recruited in this study. All subjects completed the " delay-discounting" task and the delayed discount rate (K value) was used to evaluate the patients' decision-making ability. Results (1) The delay discount rate(median=0. 0256,P25=0. 016,P75=0. 100) in mild cognitive impairment patients was higher than that of healthy cotrols(median =0. 006,P25=0. 0025,P75=0. 016). There was significant difference in K-value between the two groups ( Z=-2. 988,P<0. 01). ( 2) Spearman correlation analysis showed that the significant negatively correlation between K-value and digital span forward test (r=-0. 389, P=0. 045) in mild cognitive impairment group. Conclusion The ability of intertemporal choices is impaired in patients with mild cognitive impairment and negatively correlated with attention function.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 818-821, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753479

ABSTRACT

Medical experimental zoology is a very important course in medical colleges. The course construction of medical experimental zoology is of great significance for students in their understanding of the subject and scientific research as a whole. This article reviews the current situation of experimental zoology courses in medical colleges at home and abroad, describes the teaching design, teaching content and assessment methods in our school (North Sichuan Medical College), and then collects feedback and advices from students after they finish the course. This study aims to provide certain reference and thought for medical science curriculum reform innovation.

18.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 624-628, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775134

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the physical development, incidence of common respiratory diseases, and motor development during infancy in preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical features and infantile outcomes of preterm infants with BPD who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between January 2012 and December 2015. Preterm infants without BPD were used as controls who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit during the same period and had similar gestational age and birth weight. Physical development, number of hospital stays, the incidences of pneumonia and wheezing, and motor development during infancy were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, BPD infants had a significantly higher incidence of extrauterine growth retardation at discharge (48% vs 41%; P<0.05); BPD infants were more susceptible to pneumonia, wheezing, eczema and rhinitis; BDP infants also had a significantly higher number of readmissions due to respiratory tract infection (P<0.05). BPD infants had a significantly smaller head circumference than the control group at corrected ages of 3, 6, and 12 months (P<0.05). BPD infants had significantly delayed gross, fine, and overall motor development than the control group at corrected ages of 6 and 9 months (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Infants with BPD are susceptible to extrauterine growth retardation at discharge. Their head circumference growth is relatively slow. They are susceptible to pneumonia and wheezing during infancy. Moreover, they have delayed motor development when compared with those without BPD at corrected ages of 6 and 9 months.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Follow-Up Studies , Infant, Premature , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 820-823, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775100

ABSTRACT

A boy, aged 5 years, was admitted due to chest pain for 4 months, right lower limb weakness for 2 months, and weakness of both lower limbs for 10 days. There were no symptoms of defecation/urination disorders or disturbance of consciousness, and the boy had upper motor neuron paralysis in both lower limbs, without cranial nerve involvement or sensory disorder. Spine magnetic resonance imaging revealed tumor in the spinal canal between cervical vertebra 6 and thoracic vertebra 2, which put pressure on the spinal cord. He was transferred to the department of neurosurgery for surgical treatment and fully recovered after tumor resection, and no recurrence was observed after 6 years of follow-up. The pathological diagnosis was clear cell meningioma (WHO grade II). For children with chest pain and dyskinesia, spinal meningioma should be considered.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Chest Pain , Lower Extremity , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meningeal Neoplasms , Meningioma , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 585-588, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774029

ABSTRACT

A female infant was admitted to the hospital due to perioral cyanosis two hours after birth. The infant was born at the gestational age of 35 weeks by cesarean section with a birth weight of 2 400 g. Physical examination revealed wry mouth to the left side while crying, small auricles, and high palatal arch; fibrolaryngoscopy suggested bilateral vocal cord paralysis; echocardiography suggested ventricular septal defect; single nucleotide polymorphism testing showed 22q11.21 microdeletion. Therefore, the infant was given a definite diagnosis of asymmetric crying facies syndrome accompanied by 22q11.21 microdeletion. After 8-month follow-up, the infant still had asymmetric crying facies with presence of growth retardation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Crying , Facial Paralysis , Heart Defects, Congenital , Vocal Cord Paralysis
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