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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 540-544, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873466

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the characteristics and related influencing factors of subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)changing with time in children with myopia. <p>METHODS: Totally 60 eyes of 60 children with myopia aged 6-15 years old who were admitted to the Eye Hospital of Nanchang University from July 2018 to September 2018 were included. IOP, axial length, equivalent spherical degree and SFCT were measured at baseline and 6mo of follow-up, respectively. Analyze the changes of the above-mentioned eye parameters and related influencing factors of SFCT. <p>RESULTS: Compared with baseline, follow-up for 6mo, myopic children's SFCT decreased by 8±14μm(<i>P</i><0.001), the axial length increased by 0.15±0.16mm(<i>P</i><0.001), and the equivalent spherical degree increased by -0.34±0.33D(<i>P</i><0.001), and there is a significant correlation between the SFCT change value and the axial length and equivalent spherical power change value(<i>r</i>s=-0.701, 0.633, both <i>P</i><0.001), indicating faster axial growth and myopia increasing is related to more thinning of the membrane thickness. Multiple linear regression analysis shows that SFCT is significantly correlated with axial length(<i>P</i>=0.001).<p>CONCLUSION: The SFCT of myopic children becomes thinner over time, and the axial length is negatively correlated with SFCT, and children with faster axial growing and greater myopia increasing are usually accompanied by more SFCT thinning.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873465

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 540-544, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873464

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the characteristics and related influencing factors of subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)changing with time in children with myopia. <p>METHODS: Totally 60 eyes of 60 children with myopia aged 6-15 years old who were admitted to the Eye Hospital of Nanchang University from July 2018 to September 2018 were included. IOP, axial length, equivalent spherical degree and SFCT were measured at baseline and 6mo of follow-up, respectively. Analyze the changes of the above-mentioned eye parameters and related influencing factors of SFCT. <p>RESULTS: Compared with baseline, follow-up for 6mo, myopic children's SFCT decreased by 8±14μm(<i>P</i><0.001), the axial length increased by 0.15±0.16mm(<i>P</i><0.001), and the equivalent spherical degree increased by -0.34±0.33D(<i>P</i><0.001), and there is a significant correlation between the SFCT change value and the axial length and equivalent spherical power change value(<i>r</i>s=-0.701, 0.633, both <i>P</i><0.001), indicating faster axial growth and myopia increasing is related to more thinning of the membrane thickness. Multiple linear regression analysis shows that SFCT is significantly correlated with axial length(<i>P</i>=0.001).<p>CONCLUSION: The SFCT of myopic children becomes thinner over time, and the axial length is negatively correlated with SFCT, and children with faster axial growing and greater myopia increasing are usually accompanied by more SFCT thinning.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 540-544, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873463

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the characteristics and related influencing factors of subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)changing with time in children with myopia. <p>METHODS: Totally 60 eyes of 60 children with myopia aged 6-15 years old who were admitted to the Eye Hospital of Nanchang University from July 2018 to September 2018 were included. IOP, axial length, equivalent spherical degree and SFCT were measured at baseline and 6mo of follow-up, respectively. Analyze the changes of the above-mentioned eye parameters and related influencing factors of SFCT. <p>RESULTS: Compared with baseline, follow-up for 6mo, myopic children's SFCT decreased by 8±14μm(<i>P</i><0.001), the axial length increased by 0.15±0.16mm(<i>P</i><0.001), and the equivalent spherical degree increased by -0.34±0.33D(<i>P</i><0.001), and there is a significant correlation between the SFCT change value and the axial length and equivalent spherical power change value(<i>r</i>s=-0.701, 0.633, both <i>P</i><0.001), indicating faster axial growth and myopia increasing is related to more thinning of the membrane thickness. Multiple linear regression analysis shows that SFCT is significantly correlated with axial length(<i>P</i>=0.001).<p>CONCLUSION: The SFCT of myopic children becomes thinner over time, and the axial length is negatively correlated with SFCT, and children with faster axial growing and greater myopia increasing are usually accompanied by more SFCT thinning.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873462

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 318-325, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878045

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Methylene blue is the most commonly used tracer for sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy (SLNB) in China. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of clinical application of SLNB using methylene blue dye (MBD) for early breast cancer and the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of patients with early breast cancer treated at the Peking University First Hospital between 2013 and 2018. We calculated the SLN identification rate (IR) in SLNB with MBD and the false-negative rate (FNR), and analyzed the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses using Kaplan-Meier curves.@*RESULTS@#Between January 2013 and December 2018, 1603 patients with early breast cancer underwent SLNB with MBD. The SLN IR was 95.8% (1536/1603). Two SLNs (median) were detected per patient. There were significant differences in FNR between patients with SLN micrometastasis and macrometastasis (19.0% vs. 4.5%, χ2 = 12.771, P < 0.001). Chi-square test showed that there were significant differences in SLN successful detection rates among patients with different vascular tumor embolism status (96.3% vs. 90.8%, χ2 = 9.013, P = 0.003) and tumor (T) stages (96.6% vs. 94.1%, χ2 = 5.189, P = 0.023). Multivariate analysis showed that vascular tumor embolism was the only independent factor for SLN successful detection (odds ratio: 0.440, 95% confidence interval: 0.224-0.862, P = 0.017). Survival analysis showed a significant difference in disease-free survival (DFS) between patients with non-SLN metastasis and patients without non-SLN metastasis (P = 0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#Our single-center data show that, as a commonly used tracer in SLNB in China, MBD has an acceptable SLN IR and a low FNR in frozen sections. This finding is consistent with reports of dual tracer-guided SLNB. Positive SLNs with non-SLN metastasis are associated with DFS.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Methylene Blue , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of different dose of Realgar compatible with Indigo Naturalis on the transitional constituents of Indigo Naturalis in rat serum based on the compatibility of Qinghuangsan.Method:Indigo Naturalis test solution, the drug-containing serum of three different proportions of Qinghuangsan (10 g of Indigo Naturalis compatible with 52.5, 105, 210 mg of Realgar for group A, B and C, respectively) and blank serum were detected by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS, in combination with the chemical components identified in Indigo Naturalis test solution, the differences of transitional constituents of Indigo Naturalis in rat serum from the group A, B and C were analyzed. HL-60 cells (human leukemia cells) were treated with the three groups of Qinghuangsan drug-containing serum and the effect of drug-containing serum on the activity of HL-60 cells was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay.Result:A total of 19, 22, 25 of transitional constituents were detected in Qinghuangsan drug-containing serum from group A, B and C, respectively. The three groups of drug-containing serum all contained 5 prototype components from Indigo Naturalis test solution, including tryptanthrin, indigo, indirubin, 2-aminobenzoic acid and N-phenyl-2-naphthylamine, respectively. The results of CCK-8 assay showed that Qinghuangsan drug-containing serum of group C had the strongest inhibitory effect on HL-60 cells.Conclusion:After fixed Indigo Naturalis dose, with the increase of Realgar dose, the transitional constituents in rat serum increase and the inhibitory effect on HL-60 cells also gradually enhances, which indicates that Realgar may promote the absorption of active components in Indigo Naturali in vivo, thus enhance the efficacy, further explains the compatibility law and pharmacodynamic material basis of different proportions of Realgar and Indigo Naturalis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate constituents containing phenolic hydroxyl or carboxylic acid (excluding diarylheptanoids) from Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma herbal pair and single herb. Method:Multiple chromatographic separation techniques, including silica gel,MCI gel and Sephadex LH-20 gel, were employed to isolate and purify the compounds. Their structures were identified by means of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR),mass spectrometry (MS) and physicochemical properties. Constituents were quickly analyzed by UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MSn,and scanned in positive and negative ion modes. Result:These compounds were determined as trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid(1),vanillic acid(2),protocatechuic acid(3),fumalic acid(4),succinic acid(5),succinic acid monomethyl ester(6),docosanoic acid(7),azelaic acid(8) and p-hydroxybenzaldehyde(9). Forty compounds were speculated by comparing mass spectrometry data,retention times of some compounds and reference materials,including 14 phenols and 26 organic acids. Among the compounds of herbal pair,8 phenols and 22 organic acids in Sparganii Rhizoma as well as 11 phenols and 13 organic acids in Curcumae Rhizoma were identified. Cleavage pathways of main compounds were described. Conclusion:There are abundant phenols and organic acids in Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma herbal pair and single herb. The results enrich pharmacodynamic material basis of Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma herbal pair.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868029

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of high-frequency linear array probe in prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of fetal kidney fusion anomalies.Methods:A senior sonographer for prenatal diagnosis used a convex array probe and a high-frequency linear array probe to obtain and store renal images of the transverse section, sagittal and coronal plane and ectopic kidney of 27 fetuses with suspected or diagnosed fetal renal fossa emptiness, abnormal renal position and abnormal renal contour in Guangdong Women and Children Hospital from December 2018 to October 2019. The images were analyzed to judge the possibility of kidney fusions by another senior sonographer (subject 1) and a junior sonographer (subject 2) separately. Then, ROC curves were plotted and statistically analyzed based on postnatal follow-up results. The Kappa coefficient between the two subjects was calculated.Results:Areas under the two ROC curves were 0.969 and 0.756 when using a convex array probe, but 1.000 and 1.000 with a high-frequency linear array probe by two subjects separately. Subject 1 had no significant difference using two kinds of probes ( P>0.05), however, subject 2 had higher diagnostic accuracy when using high frequency linear array probes ( P<0.05). The diagnostic consistence of high-frequency linear array probe between subjects was higher than convex array probe, the Kappa coefficients were 1.000 and 0.516, respectively. Conclusions:The application of high-frequency linear array probe in prenatal diagnosis of fetal kidney fusion anomalies is feasible, and can improve the confidence and diagnostic accuracy for fetal kidney fusion anomalies.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793032

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the expression of GABA receptor mRNA in different brain regions of the central nervous system in chronic inflammatory pain rats and the intervention effect of electroacupuncture (EA).@*METHODS@#A total of 48 SPF male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank control group, a model control group, an EA group and a sham EA group, 12 rats in each group. The model of chronic inflammatory pain was established by injecting Freund's complete adjuvant into the foot. The EA group was treated with EA 28 days after the model establishment. The "Housanli" (ST 36) and "Kunlun" (BL 60) were selected and treated with dilatational wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency, 0.5-1.5 mA for 30 min; EA was given only once. In the sham EA group, the same acupoints were selected but the needles were only inserted into subcutaneous area; EA was connected for 30 min without electrical stimulation. The behavior changes of mechanical pain threshold and thermal pain threshold before model establishment, 1 day, 3 days, 7 days, 14 days, 21 days and 28 days after the model establishment as well as emotional behavior 29 days after the model establishment were observed; the relative expressions of GABA receptor mRNA in anterior cingulate cortex, amygdala and hypothalamus were observed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank control group, the change rates of mechanical pain threshold and thermal pain threshold in the model control group were decreased significantly 1 day, 3 days, 7 days, 14 days, 21 days, 28 days after model establishment (0.05). Compared with the blank control group, the expression of GABA receptor mRNA in the amygdala was decreased significantly in the model control group (<0.01); compared with the model control group and the sham EA group, the expression of GABA receptor mRNA in amygdala was increased after intervention in the EA group (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Single treatment of EA could significantly increase the mechanical pain threshold and thermal pain threshold, improve abnormal emotional behavior in rats with chronic inflammatory pain, which may be related to the increasing of expression of GABA receptor mRNA in the amygdala.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846194

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical constituents from Sinopodophyllum hexandrum and their antitumor activities. Methods: The constituents were separated by chromatography of silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH20 and pre-TLC. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic means. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of the isolated compounds were studied by MTT method. Results: Nine compounds were isolated and identified as 8,2'-diprenylquercetin 3-methyl ether-4'-O-β-D-glucoside (1), 8,2'-diprenyl quercetin-3- methylether (2), 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3'-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-3-methoxy flavone (3), 8-prenylkaempferol (4), sophoflavescenol (5), podoverine A (6), sinoflavonoid K (7), diosmetin (8) and acacetin (9). Conclusion: Compound 1 is a new compound named sinoflavonoid glycosides A, and compounds 5-9 are isolated from S. hexandrum for the first time. Compounds 1-5 show cytotoxicities against HeLa cells with IC50 of 42.6, 46.9, 26.9, 16.1 and 31.2 μmol/L, respectively.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846131

ABSTRACT

By referring to Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2015 edition and relevant literatures, combining the Technical Requirements for Quality Control and Standard Formulation of Traditional Chinese Medicine Formula Granules (Draft for Comments) issued by China Pharmacopoeia Committee in 2016, and considering the actual production situation of formula granules, the specificity of quality standards, the selection of quantitative detection indexes, index component transfer rate and other aspects in the Publicity of Uniform Standards for Trial Use of Traditional Chinese Medicine Formula Granules were comprehensively discussed. According to the results of the discussion, relevant suggestions are put forward for the development and improvement of the quality standard of traditional Chinese medicine formula granules, which provides reference for promoting the healthy development of formula granule industry.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 432-440, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the status and its influencing factors of anxiety symptoms in patients with occupational noise-induced deafness(ONID). METHODS: A total of 220 ONID patients were selected as the ONID group,and 200 healthy participants without noise exposure were selected as the control group by judge sampling method.The two groups were investigated by the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The Tinnitus Handicap Inventory was used to evaluate the disability levels of tinnitus, and pure-tone audiometry was used to assess the degree of tinnitus and hearing impairment in the ONID group. RESULTS: The incidence of anxiety, depression, and sleep disorder were higher in the ONID group than that in the control group(52.7% vs 9.0%, 55.0% vs 15.0%, 52.3% vs 7.0%, P<0.05). In ONID with anxiety subgroup, the duration of disease was longer(1.0 vs 2.0 years, P<0.01), incidences of tinnitus, depression and sleep disorder were higher than those in ONID without anxiety subgroup(92.3% vs 100.0%, 18.3% vs 87.9%, 19.2% vs 81.9%, P<0.01). The result of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the longer the duration of disease and the more severe of the tinnitus, the higher the risk of anxiety symptoms in patients with ONID [the odds ratio(OR) and its 95% confidence interval(CI) were 1.35(1.10-1.65) and 2.94(1.56-5.54) respectively, P<0.01]. The risk of anxiety in patients with sleep disorders was higher than those without sleep disorders [OR(95%CI) was 12.78(5.90-27.64), P<0.01]. CONCLUSION: The ONID patients are more likely to have anxiety. The duration of disease, severity of tinnitus and sleep disorders are the risk factors causing anxiety in ONID patients.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 324-328, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881904

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of electroacupuncture treatment on the levels of cortisol and immune factors in patients with occupational noise-induced deafness(ONID) combined with depressive symptoms. METHODS: A total of 78 ONID patients combined with depressive symptoms were randomly divided into control group(40 cases) and electroacupuncture group(38 cases) by a random number table method. The control group received routine therapy, while the electroacupuncture group was treated with routine therapy plus electroacupuncture on alternate days, 3 times a week for 4 consecutive weeks. The levels of salivary cortisol, as well as the serum levels of cortisol, tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6) and C-reactive protein(CRP) of the two groups were observed and compared before and after treatment. RESULTS: Before treatment, the levels of saliva cortisol in the morning and night, and the serum levels of cortisol, IL-6, TNF-α and CRP in the two groups were compared, and the differences were not statistically significant(P>0.05). After treatment, the serum cortisol level of patients in electroacupuncture group reduced than that before treatment in the same group(P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the levels of salivary cortisol in the morning and night, and serum cortisol before and after treatment both in control group and electroacupuncture group(P>0.05). After treatment, the serum levels of IL-6 and TNF-α decreased in electroacupuncture group as compared with those before treatment and those after treatment in control group(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture treatment could reduce the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum of ONID patients combined with depressive symptoms. The regulation of electroacupuncture on the inflammatory cytokines may be one of the mechanisms in treating ONID combined with depressive symptoms.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the occurrence of serious adverse events (SAEs) related to chemotherapy with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the risk factors for death after the SAEs.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 734 children with ALL. They were treated with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen from January 2015 to June 2019. The occurrence of SAEs during the treatment was investigated. The children with SAEs were divided into a death group with 25 children and a survival group with 31 children. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for death after the SAEs.@*RESULTS@#Among the 734 children with ALL, 56 (7.6%) experienced SAEs (66 cases) after chemotherapy, among which 41 cases occurred in the stage of remission induction therapy. Of all 66 cases of SAEs, 46 (70%) were infection-related SAEs, including 25 cases of septic shock (38%), 20 cases of severe pneumonia (30%), and 1 case of severe chickenpox (2%), and 87% of the children with infection-related SAEs had neutrophil deficiency. The most common infection sites were blood and the lungs. The most common pathogens were Gram-negative bacteria, viruses, fungi, and Gram-positive bacteria. There were 16 cases (24%) of hemorrhage-related SAEs, with 11 cases of gastrointestinal bleeding (17%), 4 cases of pulmonary bleeding (6%), and 1 case of intracranial bleeding (2%). Of all 734 children with ALL, 66 (9.0%) died, among whom 25 died due to SAEs. The treatment-related mortality rate was 3.4%, and infection (72%) and bleeding (24%) were the main causes of death. Severe pneumonia was an independent risk factor for treatment-related death in ALL children (OR=4.087, 95%CI: 1.161-14.384, P=0.028).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SAEs often occur in the stage of remission induction therapy, and infection-related SAEs are more common in ALL children accepting chemotherapy with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen. The development of severe pneumonia suggests an increased risk for death in these children.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Child , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Humans , Neutrophils , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1719-1721, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825329

ABSTRACT

@#Long non-coding RNAs(LncRNAs)refer to RNAs that are longer than 200 nucleotides and cannot encode a protein. With the application of next-generation sequencing technology, whole-genome analysis shows that LncRNAs can regulate gene expression in immune response, epigenetic, gene transcription and post-transcriptional levels, thereby participating in the maintenance of cell proliferation and apoptosis, tissue homeostasis and other physiological processes. LncRNAs have been shown to involve in initiation and development of a variety of human diseases in recent years. This article reviews the research progress of LncRNAs in common diseases of ophthalmology, in order to early diagnosis and treatment of related ophthalmic diseases.

17.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 482-486, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821878

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveGut microbiota plays an important role in Parkinson′s disease, but the mechanisms behind this remain unknown. This study aims to investigate the characteristics of intestinal microbiota in patients with Parkinson′s disease, and to study the changes of intestinal Prevotella_copri and their role in this disease.Methods The study was carried out in 46 patients with Parkinson′s disease and their spouses. The spouse has been living with the patient for a long time, not suffering from any disease. Fecal samples from all subjects were collected using sterile containers. The bacterial DNA was extracted on ice following the Kit protocol. We used the BGISEQ-500 high-throughput sequencing platform to conduct metagenomic shotgun sequencing, to explore the changes of patients′ intestinal microbiota through bioinformatics, and to analyze the function and role of differential microorganisms in disease.ResultsCompared to healthy spouse, the gut microbiota of patients with Parkinson′s disease was significantly changed, which was characterized by decreased Prevotellaceae and Prevotella_copri, but by significantly elevated Bacteroides_stercoris and Escherichia_coli. Prevotella_copri was decreased with age increasing. The correlation analysis showed a significantly negative correlation between the abundance of Prevotella_copri and age, H-Ystage, UPDR total score, and UPDRS Ⅲ score. Results of the random forest model indicated five items including Prevotella_copri had good predictive value for the disease. The functional analysis stated pathways associated with super-pathway of thiamin diphosphate biosynthesis, 4-aminobutanoate degradation. The glucose-1-phosphate degradation and methyl phosphonate degradation significantly increased in patients, while pathways associated with aromatic amino acid biosynthesis, chorismate biosynthesis, thiamin formation, and pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage significantly decreased. Pathways of Prevotella_copri were mainly concentrated in UMP biosynthesis, S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle, and guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis.ConclusionStructural composition and metabolic functions of gut microbiota were significantly changed in patients with Parkinson′s disease. Prevotella_copri plays an important role in the occurrence and progression of the disease and can be used as a potential biomarker for Parkinson′s disease.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 958-966, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821695

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia-activated prodrugs that specifically target tumor tissues were designed by attaching the nitro-aromatic ring carrier molecules that can be degraded in the hypoxic microenvironment of the tumor to the hydroxyamidine group of IDO1 inhibitor compound B and epacadostat. Eleven prodrug compounds were synthesized and their structures were confirmed by 1H NMR and HR-MS. Compounds F-1 and F-6, which had a higher stability and drug release rate, were identified by an in vitro stability assay, nitroreductase reduction assay, MTT assay, and an in vivo tumor tissue hypoxia degradation assay, and then evaluated for anti-tumor efficacy in vivo. The results showed that prodrug F-1 inhibited tumor growth by 67.41%, which was significantly higher than 42.31% for the starting drug group. It appeared that the inhibition of IDO1 in the tumor tissue was different from the overall inhibition of IDO1 in vivo. Animal treatment procedures were carried out with the approval of the Animal Care and Use Committee of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878821

ABSTRACT

UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology was used to analyze the chemical constituents from classical prescription Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Tang standard decoction. Acquity HSS T3 column(2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used as the chromatographic column, with 0.1% formic acid solution-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The volume flow rate was 0.4 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was 40 ℃. Mass spectrometry data of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Tang standard decoction were collected in positive and negative ion modes. The chemical constituents from classical prescription Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Tang standard decoction were analyzed and identified by Masslynx 4.1 software combined with SciFinder database, comparison with reference mate-rials, mass spectrometry data analysis and reference to relevant literature. A total of 110 compounds were analyzed and identified, including 33 flavonoids, 14 monoterpene glycosides, 8 triterpenoids, 8 gingerols, 17 phenylpropanoids, 12 organic acids, 7 amino acids and 11 other compounds. The results of this study provide an experimental basis for the further research on the substance basis and quality control of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Tang standard decoction.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids/analysis , Glycosides , Prescriptions , Reference Standards
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771891

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study whether the Bmi-1 gene can be a biomarker for analysis of clinical risk stratification and prognosis of ALL patients.@*METHODS@#The expression level of Bmi-1 gene in bone marrow samples from 127 cases of newly diagnosed ALL was detected by qRT-PCR, at the same time the expression level of Bmi-1 protein in bone marrow samples from above-mentioned cases was detected by Western blot. The collected samples were divided into 3 groups: high, intermediate and low risk according to clinical risk stratfication, the relationship between Bmi-1 expression and risk grade of ALL patients was analyzed; at the same time the collected samples were divided into 2 groups: prednisone good response (PGR) and prednisone poor respouse (PPR) according to the sensitivity of prednison test, and the sensitivily to prednisone in 2 groups was compared; moreover, the collected samples were divided into 2 groups: high level and low level according to median of Bmi-1 level, and the relation of Bmi-1 level with prognosis of patients was analyzed by using the Kaplan-Meier method.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of Bmi-1 in low risk group was lowest, while that in high risk group was highest, however that in intermediat risk group was between the low and high risk groups, statistical analysis showed significant difference (P<0.05). The expression level of Bmi-1 in PPR group was significantly higher than that in PGR group (P<0.001). The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the RFS rate in Bmi-1 high expression group was significantly lower than that in Bmi-1 low expression group (73.0% vs 90.6%) (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The Bmi-1 can be used as a molecular marker for the analysis of chinical risk and prognosis of pediatric ALL.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Child , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 , Metabolism , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prednisone , Prognosis
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