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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2416-2422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937041

ABSTRACT

italic>Psidium guajava Linn. is an evergreen shrub or small tree of Psidium Linnaeus in the Myrtaceae family. One new glycoside (1) together with 3 known meroterpenoids (2-4) and 9 known glycosides (5-13) were isolated from the fruits of Psidium guajava Linn.. The structure of the new compound was elucidated by the spectroscopic data analysis of HR-ESIMS, 1D- and 2D-NMR, and it was named psiguaoside A (1). The known compounds were identified as guajadial (2), 4,5-diepipsidial A (3), psidial A (4), chrysin-8-C-β-D-glucoside (5), 2,6-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-benzophenone (6), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), quercetin-3-O-xyloside (8), guaijaverin (9), avicularin (10), guavinoside E (11), guavinoside B (12), guajaphenone A (13). In the bioactivity assay, compound 3 exhibited significant inhibitory activitiy of U87 with IC50 values of 8.379 μmol·L-1.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940542

ABSTRACT

Seborrheic alopecia is a chronic dermatological disease caused by multiple factors. It occurs frequently in young and middle-aged men aged 20-30 years. The main clinical manifestations are greasy hair, itching, excessive dandruff, receding hairline, sparse hair on the top of the head, and progressive hair loss in the frontotemporal area. Seborrheic alopecia is not fatal, but it affects the appearance of patients, seriously harming their self-esteem and bringing great psychological distress to them. The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway widely exists in multicellular eukaryotes and is a basic growth regulatory pathway which regulates cell proliferation and differentiation, maintains stem cells activity and organ homeostasis, and affects cell migration. At present, it has been reported in China and abroad that Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is closely related to the occurrence and development of seborrheic alopecia and the action mechanism of drugs. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway advantages, and it can promote the formation of hair follicle laminae, the proliferation and differentiation of hair follicle stem cells, and the periodic changes in hair follicles by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, thereby alleviating seborrheic alopecia. This article reviewed the relationship of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and its key target protein factors with seborrheic alopecia to clarify the important role of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in seborrheic alopecia. At the same time, the TCM that targeted the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway to relieve seborrheic alopecia were summarized, so as to provide reference for the treatment of seborrheic alopecia and further development of new drugs.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 201-206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935371

ABSTRACT

Objective: To forecast the burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in China by 2030 and evaluate the effectiveness of controlling risk factors based on the predictive model. Methods: Based on the relationship between the death of COPD and exposure to risk factors and the theory of comparative risk assessment, we used the estimates of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD2015) for China, targets for controlling risk factors, and proportion change model to project the number of deaths, standardized mortality rate, and probability of premature mortality from chronic respiratory diseases by 2030 in different scenarios and to evaluate the impact of controlling the included risk factors to the disease burden of COPD in 2030. Results: If the trends in exposure to risk factors from 1990 to 2015 continued, the number of deaths and the mortality for COPD would be 1.06 million and 73.85 per 100 000 population in China by 2030, respectively, with an increase of 15.81% and 10.69% compared to those in 2015. Compared to 2015, the age-standardized mortality rate would decrease by 38.88%, and the premature mortality would reduce by 52.73% by 2030. If the smoking rate and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentration separately achieve their control targets by 2030, there would be 0.34 and 0.27 million deaths that could be avoided compared to the predicted numbers based on the natural trends in exposure to risk factors and the probability of premature death would reduce to 0.59% and 0.52%, respectively. If the control targets of all included risk factors were achieved by 2030, a total of 0.53 million deaths would be averted, and the probability of premature death would decrease to 0.44%. Conclusions: If the exposures to risk factors continued as showed from 1990 to 2015, the number of deaths and mortality for COPD would increase by 2030 compared to 2015, and the standardized mortality and the probability of premature death would decrease significantly, which would achieve the targets of preventing and controlling COPD. If the exposure to the included risk factors all achieved the targets by 2030, the burden of COPD would be reduced, suggesting that the control of tobacco use and air pollution should be enhanced to prevent and control COPD.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/prevention & control , China/epidemiology , Cost of Illness , Environmental Exposure , Humans , Particulate Matter/analysis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/prevention & control , Risk Factors
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935347

ABSTRACT

Objective: To predict the number of deaths, standardized mortality and probability of premature mortality caused by malignant cancer in the context of risk factor control at different levels in China in 2030, and assess the possibility of achieving the target of reducing the probability of premature mortality of malignant cancer. Methods: According to the risk factor control standard for malignant cancer used both at home and abroad, the results of China from Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 were used to calculate the population attributable fraction of the risk factors. Based on the comparative risk assessment theory, the deaths of malignant cancer were classified as attributable deaths and un-attributable deaths. Proportional change model was used to predict risk factor exposure and un-attributable deaths of malignant cancer in the future, then the number of deaths, standardized mortality rate and probability of premature mortality of malignant cancer in 2030 was estimated. Data analyses were performed by using software R 3.6.1. Results: If the risk factor exposure level during 1990-2015 remains, the number of deaths, standardized mortality rate, and probability of premature mortality of malignant cancer would increase to 3.62 million, 153.96/100 000 and 8.92% by 2030, respectively. If the risk factor exposure control level meets the requirement, the probability of premature mortality from cancer in people aged 30-70 years would drop to 7.57% by 2030. Conclusions: The control of risk factor exposure will play an important role in reducing deaths, standardized mortality rate and probability of premature mortality of malignant cancer. But more efforts are needed to achieve the goals of Health China Action.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , China/epidemiology , Cost of Illness , Humans , Middle Aged , Mortality, Premature , Neoplasms/epidemiology , Risk Factors
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935326

ABSTRACT

Objective: Predictive models were used to evaluate the impact of common risk factors on the number of cardio-cerebrovascular deaths and the probability of premature death. Methods: Using the data for China estimated by the Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (GBD 2015), we calculated the population attribution fraction (PAF) of risk factors. The proportional change model was used to estimate the number of unattributable deaths by 2030, and to predict the number of deaths, mortality, standardized mortality and probability of premature death by 2030. Results: According to the natural change trend of risk factors from 1990 to 2015, the number of deaths and mortality would reach 6.12 million and 428.53/100 000 by 2030, with an increase of 59.92% and 52.87%. By 2030, the probability of premature death from cardio-cerebrovascular diseases among Chinese aged 30-70 years old would continue to decline, from 11.43% to 11.28% for men, and from 5.79% to 4.43% for women. If the goals of all included risk factors were reached by 2030, 2 289 200 cardio-cerebrovascular deaths would be avoided. If only the exposure to a single risk factor was achieved by 2030, blood pressure, total cholesterol, and fine particulate matter exposure were the three most important factors affecting cardio-cerebrovascular deaths, which would reduce 1 332 800, 609 100 and 306 800 deaths, respectively. Among the involved risk factors, the control of blood pressure would mostly decrease the number of deaths due to ischemic heart disease and hemorrhagic stroke, about 677 300 and 391 100 deaths, accordingly. Conclusion: The control of risk factors is of great significance in reducing deaths and probability of premature death due to cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. If the control targets of all risk factors could be achieved by 2030, the burden of cardio-cerebrovascular diseases would be reduced greatly.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Blood Pressure , Cerebrovascular Disorders/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mortality, Premature , Risk Factors
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935281

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence and critical windows of prenatal exposure to pyrethroid pesticides (PYRs) on neurodevelopment of 2-year-old children. Methods: The subjects of this study were derived from the Xuanwei Birth Cohort. A total of 482 pregnant women who participated in the rural district of Xuanwei birth cohort from January 2016 to December 2018 were included. Maternal urinary concentrations of PYRs metabolites during 8-12 gestational weeks, 20-23 gestational weeks and 32-35 gestational weeks were measured with ultra high performance liquid chromatography system coupled with a tandem mass spectrometry detector. Child neurodevelopment was evaluated with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition at 2 years of age. Multivariate linear regression models and binary logistic regression models were used to assess the association between PYRs exposure during pregnancy and children's neurodevelopment. Results: A total of 360 mother-child pairs had complete data on maternal urinary PYRs metabolites detection and children's neurodevelopment assessment. The detection rate of any one PYRs metabolites during the first, second and third trimester were 93.6% (337/360), 90.8% (327/360) and 94.2% (339/360), respectively. The neurodevelopmental scores of Cognitive, Language, Motor, Social-Emotional, and Adaptive Behavior of 2-year-old children were (102.3±18.9), (100.2±16.3), (102.0±20.3), (107.8±23.3) and (85.8±18.6) points, respectively. After controlling for confounding factors, 4-fluoro-3-phenoxybenzoic acid (4F3PBA, one of PYRs metabolites) exposure in the first trimester reduced Motor (β=-5.02, 95%CI: -9.08, -0.97) and Adaptive Behavior (β=-4.12, 95%CI:-7.92, -0.32) scores of 2-year-old children, and increased risk of developmental delay of adaptive behavior (OR=2.07, 95%CI:1.13-3.82). Conclusion: PYRs exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy may affect neurodevelopment of 2-year-old children, and the first trimester may be the critical window.


Subject(s)
Birth Cohort , Child Development , Child, Preschool , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Infant , Maternal Exposure/adverse effects , Pesticides/adverse effects , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/chemically induced , Pyrethrins/metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933749

ABSTRACT

With the advances in molecular genetic techniques, especially next-generation sequencing technologies, genetic testing is now a widely applied procedure in diagnosing hereditary muscle diseases. However, there remain many challenges to assessing the pathogenicity of genetic variants, understanding disease pathogenesis, and developing therapeutic strategies in hereditary muscle diseases. The zebrafish model system is a powerful tool to address these issues, thanks to conserved vertebrate genetics, the ease of genetic manipulation, and various assessment approaches for muscle function. Given the limited use of zebrafish model organisms on muscle disease research in China, this article mainly focuses on the advantages, applications, and limitations of zebrafish as a model of hereditary muscle disease.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of circular RNA circOMA1 in children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to investigate the effect and mechanism of circOMA1 on the cell proliferation and apoptosis of human acute monocytic leukemia cells (THP-1).Methods:Bone marrow samples of 14 children with AML at the initial diagnosis and after complete remission were collected as the initial diagnosis group and remission group, and bone marrow samples from 10 children without tumor or malignant blood disease in the same hospital and the same period were enrolled as the control group.Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression of circOMA1, miR-145 and myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (MYC) mRNA in clinical AML samples and THP-1 cell line.The cells transfected with THP-1 were divided into groups, the cells transfected with circOMA1 alone (circOMA1 high expression group) were transfected with pcDNA3.1 empty vector cells as control (pcDNA3.1 control group); the cells co transfected with circOMA1 and miR-145 (circOMA1+ miR-145 group) were treated with pcDNA3.1 and miR-NC co transfected cells were used as control (pcDNA3.1+ miR-NC group, circOMA1+ miR-NC group). Cell counting kit (CCK8) was adopted to detect the effects of circOMA1 and miR-145 on the cell proliferation of THP-1.The effects of circOMA1 and miR-145 on cell apoptosis of THP-1 were detected using flow cytometry, and the effects of circOMA1 and miR-145 on MYC protein expression was detected via Western blot.The comparison between groups was analyzed by independent sample t-test or paired sample t-test, and the correlation was analyzed by Pearson correlation. Results:The expression of circOMA1 in the initial diagnosis group(4.408±3.607) was significantly increased compared with that in the control group (0.998±0.560) ( t=2.946, P<0.01); the expression of circOMA1 in remission group(1.582±0.950) was significantly decreased compared with that in the initial diagnosis group( t= 3.628, P<0.01). The THP-1 cell experiments showed that compared to the pcDNA3.1 control group, the expression of miR-145 in the circOMA1 high expression group decreased ( t= 4.21, P<0.05), cell proliferation was enhanced at 72 h and 96 h ( t=5.46, 7.40, all P<0.05), apoptosis was inhibited( t=6.44, P<0.01). The expression of MYC protein in circOMA1+ miR-NC group was higher than that of pcDNA3.1+ miR-NC group( t=5.72, P<0.01), the expression of MYC protein in circOMA1+ miR-145 group was lower than that in circOMA1+ miR-NC group ( t=4.56, P<0.05); at 72 h and 96 h, the cell proliferation level of circOMA1+ miR-NC group was higher than that of pcDNA3.1+ miR-NC group ( t=5.77, 7.30, all P<0.05), the level of cell proliferation in circOMA1+ miR-145 group was lower than that in circOMA1+ miR-NC group ( t=4.66, 6.17, all P<0.05); the apoptosis rate of circOMA1+ miR-145 group was higher than that of circOMA1+ miR-NC group ( t=4.25, P<0.05). circOMA1 expression was negatively correlated with miR-145 expression ( r=-0.62, P=0.016) and positively correlated with MYC gene expression ( r=0.64, P=0.013) in clinical samples. Conclusions:circOMA1 is highly expressed in children with AML, and can promote AML cell proliferation and inhibit apoptosis through miR-145/MYC pathway, which provides a basis for AML therapy and diagnosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928153

ABSTRACT

An UPLC-Q-TOF-MS method was employed to characterize and classify the chemical components of the standard decoction of Yiguanjian, a classical famous recipe. Chromatographic separation was performed on an Acquity HSS T3(2.1 mm ×100 mm, 1.8 μm) column with a mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid water-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile using gradient elution. The flow rate was 0.4 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was 40 ℃. Mass spectrometry was performed on electrospray ionization source(ESI) with positive and negative ion scanning modes. The potential compounds were identified by comparing the reference compounds, analyzing the mass spectrometry data and matching the published articles on Masslynx 4.1 software and SciFinder database. Finally, a total of 113 compounds, including 11 amino acids, 19 terpenoids, 13 phthalides, 11 steroidal saponins, 10 coumarins, 9 alkaloids, 7 flavonoids, 8 phenylethanoid glycosides, 8 organic acids and 17 other categories were identified. The established method systematically and accurately characterized the chemical components in Yiguanjian, which could provide experimental evidences for the subsequent studies on the pharmacodynamical material basis and quality control of Yiguanjian.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Flavonoids/analysis , Formates , Glycosides/analysis , Prescriptions
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928057

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to study the effect of Xiangqin Jiere Granules(XQ) on lipid metabolism and chronic inflammation in different obesity model mice. The monosodium glutamate(MSG) obese mouse model was established by subcutaneous injection of MSG in newborn mice, and the high fat diet(HFD) obese mouse model was established by feeding adult mice with HFD. The normal mice were assigned into the control group; the MSG obese mice were assigned into MSG model group, XQ4.5 group(Xiangqin Jiere Granu-les, 4.5 g·kg~(-1)), XQ22.5 group(Xiangqin Jiere Granules, 22.5 g·kg~(-1)); the HFD obese mice were assigned into HFD model group, XQ4.5 group, and XQ22.5 group. The mice were intragastrically administrated with saline or XQ for 5 weeks. After that, the body weight, visceral fat mass, liver and thymus weight, and the organ indexes in each group were measured. The levels of triglyceride(TG), total cholesterol(TC), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c) in serum and liver tissue were detected by the kits. The mRNA expression levels of acetyl CoA carboxylase 1(ACC1), fatty acid synthetase(FAS), diacylgycerol acyltransferase 1(DGAT1) and hepatic lipase(HTGL) involved in lipid metabolism in mouse liver tissue were detected by quantitative real-time PCR(qPCR). The protein levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6) in serum were detected by ELISA, and the mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in liver tissue were detected by qPCR. Compared with the control group, MSG and HFD mice showed increased body weight, abdominal circumference, Lee index and visceral fat mass as well as elevated levels of TG, TC, and LDL-c in serum. The model mice had up-regulated gene levels of ACC1, FAS and DGAT1 while down-regulated gene level of HTGL in the liver. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein levels of IL-6 increased in the model mice. Compared with the model mice, XQ treatment decreased the body weight, abdominal circumference, Lee index, and visceral fat mass, lowered the levels of TG, TC, and LDL-c in se-rum, down-regulated the gene levels of ACC1, FAS, and DGAT1 in liver tissue, up-regulated the gene level of HTGL, and down-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of IL-6. To sum up, XQ has good therapeutic effect on different obesity model mice. It can improve lipid metabolism and reduce fat accumulation in obese mice by regulating the enzymes involved in lipid metabolism, and alleviate obesity-related chronic low-grade inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Inflammation/metabolism , Lipid Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Obese , Obesity/genetics
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 697-706, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927556

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#: Breast cancer with low-positive human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression has triggered further refinement of evaluation criteria for HER2 expression. We studied the clinicopathological features of early-stage breast cancer with low-positive HER2 expression in China and analyzed prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#: Clinical and pathological data and prognostic information of patients with early-stage breast cancer with low-positive HER2 expression treated by the member units of the Chinese Society of Breast Surgery and Chinese Society of Surgery of Chinese Medical Association, from January 2015 to December 2016 were collected. The prognostic factors of these patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#: Twenty-nine hospitals provided valid cases. From 2015 to 2016, a total of 25,096 cases of early-stage breast cancer were treated, 7642 (30.5%) of which had low-positive HER2 expression and were included in the study. After ineligible cases were excluded, 6486 patients were included in the study. The median follow-up time was 57 months (4-76 months). The disease-free survival rate was 92.1% at 5 years, and the overall survival rate was 97.4% at 5 years. At the follow-up, 506 (7.8%) cases of metastasis and 167 (2.6%) deaths were noted. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that tumor stage, lymphvascular invasion, and the Ki67 index were related to recurrence and metastasis (P < 0.05). The recurrence risk prediction model was established using a machine learning model and showed that the area under the receiving operator characteristic curve was 0.815 (95% confidence interval: 0.750-0.880).@*CONCLUSIONS@#: Early-stage breast cancer patients with low-positive HER2 expression account for 30.5% of all patients. Tumor stage, lymphvascular invasion, and the Ki67 index are factors affecting prognosis. The recurrence prediction model for breast cancer with low-positive HER2 expression based on a machine learning model had a good clinical reference value for predicting the recurrence risk at 5 years.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#: ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR2100046766.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Female , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Mastectomy , Receptor, ErbB-2/metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of conventional ovulation induction protocol and acupuncture combined with conventional ovulation induction protocol on pregnancy outcomes of frozen embryo transfer (FET) in patients with anovulatory infertility.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with anovulatory infertility were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. In the control group, conventional ovulation induction protocol was applied to prepare endometrium. On the basis of the control group, acupuncture was started on the 2nd day of menstrual cycle in the observation group,Baihui (GV 20), Mingmen (GV 4), Geshu (BL 17), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), etc. were selected, once every other day, until 1 day before transplantation. The clinical pregnancy rate, embryo implantation rate, endometrial morphology on HCG trigger day, ovulation rate and cycle cancellation rate were compared in the two groups. The endometrial thickness before treatment and on HCG trigger day, TCM symptom score before and after treatment were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#In the observation group, the embryo implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate were higher than the control group (P<0.05), endometrial thickness and endometrial morphology on HCG trigger day were superior to the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM symptom score in the observation group was decreased compared with before treatment (P<0.05), and the variation was greater than the control group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the conventional ovulation induction protocol, acupuncture could enhance the embryo implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate of FET, improve the endometrial receptivity of patients with anovulatory infertility.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Embryo Transfer , Female , Humans , Infertility, Female/therapy , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 540-544, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923264

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the characteristics and related influencing factors of subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)changing with time in children with myopia. <p>METHODS: Totally 60 eyes of 60 children with myopia aged 6-15 years old who were admitted to the Eye Hospital of Nanchang University from July 2018 to September 2018 were included. IOP, axial length, equivalent spherical degree and SFCT were measured at baseline and 6mo of follow-up, respectively. Analyze the changes of the above-mentioned eye parameters and related influencing factors of SFCT. <p>RESULTS: Compared with baseline, follow-up for 6mo, myopic children's SFCT decreased by 8±14μm(<i>P</i><0.001), the axial length increased by 0.15±0.16mm(<i>P</i><0.001), and the equivalent spherical degree increased by -0.34±0.33D(<i>P</i><0.001), and there is a significant correlation between the SFCT change value and the axial length and equivalent spherical power change value(<i>r</i>s=-0.701, 0.633, both <i>P</i><0.001), indicating faster axial growth and myopia increasing is related to more thinning of the membrane thickness. Multiple linear regression analysis shows that SFCT is significantly correlated with axial length(<i>P</i>=0.001).<p>CONCLUSION: The SFCT of myopic children becomes thinner over time, and the axial length is negatively correlated with SFCT, and children with faster axial growing and greater myopia increasing are usually accompanied by more SFCT thinning.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908846

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of mind mapping in the experimental teaching of complete denture for the undergraduates of stomatological technology.Methods:In this study, the undergraduates of stomatological technology in Chongqing Medical University were divided into three groups. They were taught with traditional experimental teaching of complete denture, mind mapping teaching and modified mind mapping teaching respectively. The students' mastery degree were evaluated by experiment examination, theoretical examination and comprehensive examination (a weight to experiment and theoretical examination). SPSS 22.0 was used for statistical analysis.Results:The results of one-way ANOVA showed that there were significant differences in experimental examination ( F=99.471, P<0.001) and comprehensive examination ( F=22.909, P<0.001). Dunnett T3 analysis found that the comprehensive examination score of mind mapping group and modified mind mapping group were significantly improved than that of the traditional experimental group ( P<0.001). Conclusion:For the undergraduates who lack of clinical experience, mind mapping can effectively improve students' understanding and mastery of relevant knowledge in complete denture making.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference in antibacterial mechanism between <italic>Coptis chinensis</italic> and<italic> </italic>its<italic> </italic>flower stalk based on secondary metabolites and network pharmacology. Method:Based on the ultraperformance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) detection platform,the secondary metabolites database of <italic>C. chinensis</italic> and its flower stalk(MWDB) was built. The common database of metabolites information and the multivariate statistical analysis were used to study the differences of secondary metabolites between <italic>C. chinensis</italic> and its flower stalk and screen out 18 metabolites of<italic> </italic>the<italic> </italic>flower stalk and 11 metabolites of <italic>C. chinensis</italic> with a high content. BATMAN-TCM database was used to obtain the targets of component action,and their corresponding genes were inquired in the UniProt database. GeneCards was retrieved for antimicrobial genes,and the intersection genes of components and antimicrobials were obtained on Venny platform. Through DAVID gene ontology(GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis,the mechanism of its action was predicted,and the results were visualized through histogram and advanced bubble diagram drawn by GraphPad Prism software and OmicShare database. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed by STRING, database and the component-target-pathway network was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.2 software. The antibacterial differences were compared based on the results of network pharmacology analysis. Result:Through network pharmacology,the antibacterial active components of <italic>C. chinensis</italic> were 5 fewer than that of the flower stalk,55 more antibacterial targets than that of the flower stalk; quercetin and berberine were predicted to be the common components of the antagonistic action of <italic>C. chinensis </italic>and the flower stalk. Key genes involved in antimicrobial action were p38 Mitogen-activated protein kinase 14(MAPK14),catalase(CAT); malaria and Toll-like receptor signaling pathway were different key pathways involved in antimicrobial activity. Conclusion:<italic>C. chinensis </italic>and the flower stalk mainly exert the antibacterial effect in a multi-target and multi-pathway manner,which can offer new ideas and clues for the study of antibacterial mechanism of<italic> C. chinensis</italic> and the flower stalk,and provide a new development direction for the comprehensive development and rational application of the flower stalk resources.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Qingzhenfang for plasmoby (chronic urticaria), and to investigate its effect on cellular immune function. Method:One hundred and thirty-two cases patients were divided into control group and observation group evenly according to random number table. The 60 patients in control group finished the study because of 6 cases of dropout, loss of follow-up and withdrawal, and 62 patients in observation group finished the study. Patients in both groups got Yiebastine tablets, 10-20 mg/time, 1 time/day. Patients in control group additionally got Piminxiao capsule, 4 grains/time, 3 times/day, while patients in observation additionally got Qingzhenfang, 1 dose/day. The treatment continued for 8 weeks in both groups. Before the treatment, and at the second, fourth, and eighth week after treatment, scores of urticaria activity for 7 days (USA7) and total symptom score (TSS) were graded. Before and after treatment, scores of chronic urticaria quality of life scale (CU-Q2oL) and syndrome of rheumatic fever were graded. A follow-up of 3 months was conducted for the patients whose score of USA7 was less than 7 to record the recurrence. Complement 3 and 4 (C3, C4), CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup> cells were detected, and Th17/ CD4<sup>+</sup> and Treg/ CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> and Th17/Treg were calculated. Levels of peripheral blood interleukin-10 (IL-10), IL-17 and IL-23 were detected, and safety was evaluated after the treatment. Result:At the second, fourth and eighth week after the treatment, scores of USA7, TSS, CU-Q2oL and syndrome of rheumatic fever in observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of C3, C4, CD4<sup>+</sup>, Treg, CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup>and IL-35 in observation group were higher than those levels detected in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while levels of CD8<sup>+</sup>, Th17, Th17/Treg, IL-10, IL-17 and IL-23 were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Recurrence rate was 25.58% (11/43) in observation group, lower than 48.48% (16/33) in control group (<inline-formula><alternatives><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" id="M2"><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>χ</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mn mathvariant="normal">2</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:math><graphic specific-use="big" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/19F4CEA3-4719-4fe6-AFE8-81E481AA497E-M002.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="3.30199981" height="3.64066648"?></graphic><graphic specific-use="small" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xlink:href="alternativeImage/19F4CEA3-4719-4fe6-AFE8-81E481AA497E-M002c.jpg"><?fx-imagestate width="3.30199981" height="3.64066648"?></graphic></alternatives></inline-formula>=4.276, <italic>P</italic><0.05), and the clinical efficacy in observation group was superior to that in control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.021, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Yaoyi Qingzhenfang can control the degree of disease and improve the quality of life for patients with chronic urticaria, with superior clinical efficacy. In addition, it can reduce recurrence rate, increase the levels of C3, C4, regulate cellular immune function, and reduce immune inflammatory response, so it is worthy of further clinical research and use.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 318-325, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878045

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Methylene blue is the most commonly used tracer for sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy (SLNB) in China. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of clinical application of SLNB using methylene blue dye (MBD) for early breast cancer and the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of patients with early breast cancer treated at the Peking University First Hospital between 2013 and 2018. We calculated the SLN identification rate (IR) in SLNB with MBD and the false-negative rate (FNR), and analyzed the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses using Kaplan-Meier curves.@*RESULTS@#Between January 2013 and December 2018, 1603 patients with early breast cancer underwent SLNB with MBD. The SLN IR was 95.8% (1536/1603). Two SLNs (median) were detected per patient. There were significant differences in FNR between patients with SLN micrometastasis and macrometastasis (19.0% vs. 4.5%, χ2 = 12.771, P < 0.001). Chi-square test showed that there were significant differences in SLN successful detection rates among patients with different vascular tumor embolism status (96.3% vs. 90.8%, χ2 = 9.013, P = 0.003) and tumor (T) stages (96.6% vs. 94.1%, χ2 = 5.189, P = 0.023). Multivariate analysis showed that vascular tumor embolism was the only independent factor for SLN successful detection (odds ratio: 0.440, 95% confidence interval: 0.224-0.862, P = 0.017). Survival analysis showed a significant difference in disease-free survival (DFS) between patients with non-SLN metastasis and patients without non-SLN metastasis (P = 0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#Our single-center data show that, as a commonly used tracer in SLNB in China, MBD has an acceptable SLN IR and a low FNR in frozen sections. This finding is consistent with reports of dual tracer-guided SLNB. Positive SLNs with non-SLN metastasis are associated with DFS.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Methylene Blue , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 540-544, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873466

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To study the characteristics and related influencing factors of subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)changing with time in children with myopia. <p>METHODS: Totally 60 eyes of 60 children with myopia aged 6-15 years old who were admitted to the Eye Hospital of Nanchang University from July 2018 to September 2018 were included. IOP, axial length, equivalent spherical degree and SFCT were measured at baseline and 6mo of follow-up, respectively. Analyze the changes of the above-mentioned eye parameters and related influencing factors of SFCT. <p>RESULTS: Compared with baseline, follow-up for 6mo, myopic children's SFCT decreased by 8±14μm(<i>P</i><0.001), the axial length increased by 0.15±0.16mm(<i>P</i><0.001), and the equivalent spherical degree increased by -0.34±0.33D(<i>P</i><0.001), and there is a significant correlation between the SFCT change value and the axial length and equivalent spherical power change value(<i>r</i>s=-0.701, 0.633, both <i>P</i><0.001), indicating faster axial growth and myopia increasing is related to more thinning of the membrane thickness. Multiple linear regression analysis shows that SFCT is significantly correlated with axial length(<i>P</i>=0.001).<p>CONCLUSION: The SFCT of myopic children becomes thinner over time, and the axial length is negatively correlated with SFCT, and children with faster axial growing and greater myopia increasing are usually accompanied by more SFCT thinning.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 549-552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873465

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the vision-related quality of life after corneal refraction surgery of the new recruits in a navy unit. <p>METHODS:New recruits in a navy unit during 2014-2016 were interviewed druing recheck ophthalmic examination through a questionnaire, including basic data and the Visual Function Questionnaire-25(VFQ), and also checking the visual acuity, contrast sensitivity(CS), optometry.<p>RESULTS: Among 2 760 new recruits, 340 persons(12.32%)had undergone corneal refractive surgeries, which included corneal stroma surgery(89.71%)and corneal surface surgery(10.29%). According to the preoperative myopia spherical equivalent, the subjects were divided into three groups: mild myopia group(≤-3.00D, 134 cases), moderate myopia group(>-3.00 D to < -6.00D, 159 cases), and high myopia group(≥-6.00D, 47 cases). The postoperation spherical equivalent range ±1.0D is 128 cases(95.52%), 153 cases(96.23%), 38 cases(80.85%)in mild myopia group, moderate myopia group and high myopia group respectively. The contrast sensitivity(CS)were statistically significant among three different diopter groups under natural light and glare conditions(<i>P</i><0.05), the CS of the low myopia group and moderate myopia group were higher than in high myopia group(<i>P</i><0.05). The visual-related quality of life scores were statistically significant among three group(<i>P</i><0.05). The scores of low(6.25±8.61)points and moderate myopia groups(6.87±8.51)points were significantly better than that of high myopia group(9.84±9.76)points(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION:The vision-related quality of life in new recruits after corneal refractive surgery in the unit is related with preoperative diopter of refractive error. The vision-related quality of life in recruit with lower diopter are better than in recruit with higher dioper.

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