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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879017

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents of water extracts of Asplenium ruprechtii were investigated. Five compounds were isolated by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatographies and preparative HPLC, and their structures were identified by various spectral analyses as aspleniumside G(1), trans-p-coumaric acid(2), trans-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(3), cis-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(4), and(E)-ferulic acid-4-O-β-D-glucoside(5). Among them, compound 1 is a new 9,19-cycloartane glycoside.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Glucosides , Glycosides , Triterpenes
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879015

ABSTRACT

The volatile oil from Mastiche and Olibanum medicinal materials was extracted by steam distillation, and the chemical components of the volatile oil were analyzed by GC-MS technology. The differences of the volatile oil components were compared and study on the Helicobacter pylori in vitro antimicrobial activitiy was conducted. The results showed that the yields of the volatile oil from Mastiche and Olibanum were 11.93% and 2.40%, respectively. A total of 46 compounds(91.31%) were identified from the volatile oil from Mastiche annd 35 compounds(92.49%) from Olibanum. The classification and comparison study of the components showed that the content of monoterpenes in the volatile oil from Mastiche was the highest(40.69%), followed by alcohols(28.48%); while the content of alcohols in the volatile oil from Olibanum was the highest(35.81%), followed by esters(24.92%). There were significant differences in the components of volatile oil from Mastiche and Olibanum, which might be one of the reasons for the difference in efficacy and application. In vitro bacteriostatic experiments showed that the minimum inhibitory concentration(MIC) of the volatile oil from Mastiche against H. pylori was 1 mg·mL~(-1), and the MIC of the volatile oil from Olibanum against H. pylori was more than 1 mg·mL~(-1). In combination with the results of the oil yield experiment, Mastiche had the advantage of inhibiting H. pylori activity. The research results provide scientific basis for the rational application of Mastiche and Olibanum.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Frankincense , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Helicobacter pylori , Monoterpenes/analysis , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878943

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the methodology of the characteristic spectrums of substance benchmarks was established. The paste-forming rate range, the contents and the transfer rate range of the index components, hydroxy safflower yellow A, ferulic acid and paeoniflorin, the characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrums of Taohong Siwu Decoction were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction.In the 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the similarity of characteristic spectrums was higher than 0.9. Furthermore, based on summarization of the characteristic peak information, there were 13 characteristic peaks in the whole decoction. Baishao had three characteristic peaks, Honghua had seven characteristic peaks, and Chuanxiong and Danggui had three characteristic peaks. The paste-forming rate of the 15 batches of substance benchmarks was controlled at 33.11%-40.62%. The content of hydroxy safflower yellow A was 0.129%-0.203%, with the average transfer rate of 16.596%±0.669%.The content of ferulic acid was 0.043%-0.055%, with the average transfer rate of 20.489%±1.772%.The content of paeoniflorin was 0.676%-0.943%, with the average transfer rate of 29.112%±3.273%.The quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of classical prescription Taohong Siwu Decoction was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrums, paste-forming rate and the content of index components. The established substance benchmark quality evaluation method was stable and feasible, and could provide a basis for quality control and subsequent development of relevant preparations of Taohong Siwu Decoction.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Quality Control
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878942

ABSTRACT

By preparing 10 batches of substance benchmarks freeze-drying powder( lyophilized powder),the methodology of the characteristic spectrum and the content of index component for substance benchmarks of Qingwei San was established. The characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrum,the contents and the transfer rate range of isoferulic acid,palmatine and paeonol,and the paste-forming rate range were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San. In the10 batches of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San,the similarity of characteristic spectrum was higher than 0. 90. In further comparison of the characteristic peak information,a total of 16 characteristic peaks were identified,including 5 characteristic peaks from Cimicifugae Rhizoma,5 characteristic peaks from Coptidis Rhizoma,2 characteristic peaks from Angelicae Sinensis Radix and 4 characteristic peaks from Moutan Cortex. The content of isoferulic acid was 0. 10%-0. 18%,with the average transfer rate of 49. 82%±4. 02%. The content of palmatine was 0. 17%-0. 31%,with the average transfer rate of 15. 84% ±2. 39%. The content of paeonol was 0. 41%-0. 75%,with the average transfer rate of 23. 41%±3. 23%. The paste-forming rate of the 10 batches of substance benchmarks were controlled at 27%-33%,with the transfer rate between the theoretical paste-forming rate and the actual paste-forming rate was 86. 59%±3. 39%. In this study,the quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrum,the content of index component and the paste-forming rate. A scientific and stable evaluation method was preliminarily established,so as to provide the basis for subsequent development and quality control of relevant preparations of Qingwei San.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Powders , Quality Control , Rhizome
5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 164-168, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837739

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To determine the clinical characteristics of intraretinal microvascular abnormality(IRMA)and associated neovascularization. <p>METHODS:This was a prospective, observational study. We recruited treatment-naive patients with diabetic retinopathy(DR)with IRMAs or retinal neovascularization, confirmed using fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA)between October 7, 2016 and December 10, 2017. Under the guidance of FFA, IRMAs and neovascularizations were scanned using optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA). Origins, initial layers, morphologic features, retinal nonperfusion areas(NPAs), location with capillary nonperfusion(CNP)and leakages demonstrated by FFA of IRMAs and associated neovascularization were documented and compared. Retinal nonperfusion areas were measured using Image J software. <p>RESULTS: Thirty-nine eyes of 36 patients were enrolled in this prospective study. High quality images of twenty IRMAs and 22 IRMA-associated neovascularizations were identified using OCTA. All IRMAs originated from and drained into veins in pruned-tree-like shapes. IRMAs originated from the major retinal vessels at the margin of the CNP, extended into retina and were always confined within a single original nonperfused area. All IRMA-associated neovascularizations originated from IRMAs with a sea-fan-like appearance. The IRMA associated neovascularizations crossed retinal venous and extended to both sides. The main part of these structures was intraretinal, except some advancing tips that breached the internal limiting membrane(ILM)to form neovascularization, and were adhered firmly to the retina; 91%(20/22)of IRMA-associated neovascularizations were located in the CNPs, and 9%(2/22)were located at the margin of CNPs. The affiliated NPAs of IRMA-associated neovascularizations were 26.1mm2±4.2mm2, significantly larger than the IRMAs(12.9mm2±4.7mm2, <i>P</i><0.05). The initial layers showed no statistic difference between the groups(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: OCTA is an effective method for detecting both IRMA and neovascularization in DR. IRMA and associated neovascularization had significantly different clinical characteristics that can be differentiated by OCTA, and therefore may be useful to better understand pathophysiological mechanisms and to guide efficient therapeutic strategies for DR patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883495

ABSTRACT

Mammalian catechol-O-methyltransferases(COMT)are an important class of conjugative enzymes,which play a key role in the metabolism and inactivation of catechol neurotransmitters,catechol es-trogens and a wide range of endobiotics and xenobiotics that bear the catechol group.Currently,COMT inhibitors are used in combination with levodopa for the treatment of Parkinson's disease in clinical practice.The crucial role of COMT in human health has raised great interest in the development of more practical assays for highly selective and sensitive detection of COMT activity in real samples,as well as for rapid screening and characterization of COMT inhibitors as drug candidates.This review summarizes recent advances in analytical methodologies for sensing COMT activity and their applications.Several lists of biochemical assays for measuring COMT activity,including the probe substrates,along with their analytical conditions and kinetic parameters,are presented.Finally,the challenges and future perspec-tives in the field,such as visualization of COMT activity in vivo and in situ,are highlighted.Collectively,this review article overviews the practical assays for measuring COMT activities in complex biological samples,which will strongly facilitate the investigations on the relevance of COMT to human diseases and promote the discovery of COMT inhibitors via high-throughput screening.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881073

ABSTRACT

Qing-Fei-Pai-Du decoction (QFPDD) is a Chinese medicine compound formula recommended for combating corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China. The latest clinical study showed that early treatment with QFPDD was associated with favorable outcomes for patient recovery, viral shedding, hospital stay, and course of the disease. However, the effective constituents of QFPDD remain unclear. In this study, an UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS based method was developed to identify the chemical constituents in QFPDD and the absorbed prototypes as well as the metabolites in mice serum and tissues following oral administration of QFPDD. A total of 405 chemicals, including 40 kinds of alkaloids, 162 kinds of flavonoids, 44 kinds of organic acids, 71 kinds of triterpene saponins and 88 kinds of other compounds in the water extract of QFPDD were tentatively identified via comparison with the retention times and MS/MS spectra of the standards or refereed by literature. With the help of the standards and in vitro metabolites, 195 chemical components (including 104 prototypes and 91 metabolites) were identified in mice serum after oral administration of QFPDD. In addition, 165, 177, 112, 120, 44, 53 constituents were identified in the lung, liver, heart, kidney, brain, and spleen of QFPDD-treated mice, respectively. These findings provided key information and guidance for further investigation on the pharmacologically active substances and clinical applications of QFPDD.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Alkaloids/analysis , Animals , COVID-19 , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Flavonoids/analysis , Mice , SARS-CoV-2 , Saponins/analysis , Triterpenes/analysis
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880554

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of Huoxin Pill (, HXP) on cardiac fibrosis and heart failure (HF) in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced HF rats.@*METHODS@#Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups including control, HF, isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN), HXP low (HXP-L), and HXP high (HXP-H) groups (n=6 for each group) according to the complete randomization method. Rats were pretreated with ISMN (5 mg/kg daily), low concentration of HXP (10 mg/kg daily) or high concentration of HXP (30 mg/kg daily) or equal volume of saline by intragastric administration for 1 week, followed by intraperitoneal injection of ISO (10 mg/kg, 14 days), and continually intragastric administrated with above medicines or saline for additional 6 weeks. The effects of HXP treatment on the cardiac function, heart weight index (HWI), pathological changes, and collagen content were further assessed. Moreover, the role of HXP on activation of transforming growth factor- β 1 (TGF-β 1)/Smads pathway was further explored using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western-blot assay.@*RESULTS@#HXP treatment significantly alleviated the decrease of ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS), while decreased the elevation of left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) in ISO-induced HF rats (P<0.05). Moreover, HXP treatment obviously attenuated the increase of HWI and serum level of creatine kinase MB (CK-MB, P<0.05), as well as pathological changes in ISO-induced HF rats. Further determination indicated that HXP treatment alleviated the elevation of collagen I and collagen III protein expression in cardiac tissues of ISO-induced HF rats. Furthermore, HXP treatment significantly down-regulated the increase of TGF-β 1 and p-Smad2/3 protein expression in cardiac tissues of HF rats (P<0.05), while did not affect the expression of total Smad2/3.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HXP attenuated heart failure and cardiac fibrosis in ISO-induced HF rats by suppression of TGF-β 1/Smad2/3 pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880231

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Thymomas are the most common primary malignant tumors of anterior mediastinal. However, there are no specific laboratory indicator for the diagnosis the diagnosis of thymoma. The aim of this study was to screen out a tumor marker for diagnosis of thymoma by mRNA microarray analysis and confirmed it.@*METHODS@#By mRNA microarray analysis of 31 thymomas and peritumoral thymic tissues, we found that the transcription level of neuronal pentraxin 1 (NPTX1) gene was up-regulated more than 4 times in thymomas. To further verify the above results, we detected the transcription and expression level of NPTX1 in 60 thymoma and 30 thymic cyst patients by quantitative Real-Time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Furthermore, the diagnostic value of NPTX1 in thymoma by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The transcription level of NPTX1 mRNA in thymoma tissues was significantly higher than that in the thymic tissues of control group [(2.88±1.02) vs (1.35±0.47), P<0.001); The expression level of NPTX1 in thymoma tissues was significantly higher than that in the thymic tissues of control group (2 vs 1, P<0.001); The preoperative serum level of NPTX1 protein in thymoma patients were significantly higher than that in the thymic cyst patients of control group [(1,018.29±209.38) pg/mL vs (759.95±66.02) pg/mL, P<0.001]; At the threshold of 842.22 pg/mL, sensitivity and specificity of NPTX1 as a serologic marker were 85.00% and 93.33%, respectively for thymoma. ROC showed that the area the under curve (AUC) of NPTX1 was 0.902.@*CONCLUSIONS@#NPTX1 was highly expressed in thymoma patients, and had diagnostic value for thymoma.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878679

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the prognostic factors of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection(CR-BSI)and provide reference for clinical practice. Methods The clinical data of 346 CR-BSI patients from February 2014 to July 2019 were retrospectively reviewed,and the prognostic factors were analyzed. Results Of the 346 CR-BSI patients,62 died,yielding a case-fatality rate of 17.92%.Univariate analysis showed that 18 factors including age(


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Hypoproteinemia , Klebsiella Infections , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Mycoses , Prognosis , Pseudomonas Infections , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sepsis/mortality
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2250-2259, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878483

ABSTRACT

Amino acids are important compounds with a wide range of applications in the food, medicine and chemical industries. Corynebacterium glutamicum is a powerful workhorse commonly used in industrial amino acid production, with the scale of more than one million tons. In addition to its efficient anabolism, the effective exporters also ensure the high amino acid production by C. glutamicum. In this review, the research progress of amino acid exporter of C. glutamicum is summarized, to provide the foundation for further improving amino acid production by C. glutamicum via metabolic engineering.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Corynebacterium glutamicum/genetics , Metabolic Engineering
12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811669

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia(NCP) caused by 2019 novel coronavirus has become a global public health challenge. Some patients accompany with liver function damage in addition to the main typical respiratory symptom. Here we analyzed the clinical features, susceptible population, potential causes and therapeutic strategies of NCP related liver injury.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828388

ABSTRACT

Schisandra is the mature fruit of Schisandra chinensis(known as "north Schisandra") or S. shenanthera(known as "south Schisandra"). S. chinensis contains a variety of lignans, volatile oils, polysaccharides, organic acids and other chemical constituents; among them, lignans are recognized as the characteristic active components. Clinical studies have found that Schisandra and Schisandra-related products have a better effect in the prevention and treatment of viral hepatitis, drug-induced liver injury, liver cirrhosis, liver failure and other liver diseases. Modern pharmacological studies have demonstrated that Schisandra has a variety of pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammation, antioxidation, anticancer, regulation of nuclear receptor, antivirus, regulation of cytochrome P450 enzyme, inhibition of liver cell apoptosis and promotion of liver regeneration. This paper reviews the studies about the applications and mechanism of Schisandra in the prevention and treatment of liver diseases, in the expectation of providing guidance for the development of hepatoprotective drugs from Schisandra and the clinical applications of Schisandra-related products.


Subject(s)
Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Chemistry , Humans , Lignans , Protective Agents , Schisandra
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828082

ABSTRACT

Cinnamomum cassis is one of the commonly used traditional Chinese medicines in China. Its genuine producing areas distribute in Guangdong and Guangxi provinces. As an important edible herb and export variety of China, the quality control and internationalization of quality standards of C. cassis is extremely significant. In the recent years, with the development of the cinnamon industry, relevant academic research and the upgrade of the international standards, it is necessary to summarize the quality-related progress of C. cassis. In the present review, the germplasm resources, specific quality marker(Q-marker) and quality standards of C. cassis were summarized on the basis of published research during the last 10 years.


Subject(s)
China , Cinnamomum , Cinnamomum aromaticum , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2177-2185, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826419

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Developing effective spinal cord repair strategies for spinal cord injury (SCI) is of great importance. Emerging evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) are closely linked to SCI recovery. This study aimed to investigate the function of miR-34c in the neuronal recovery in rats with SCI.@*METHODS@#A rat model with SCI was established. Differentially expressed miRNAs were identified by a microarray analysis. MiR-34c expression in rats was measured by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Altered expression of miR-34c or C-X-C motif ligand 14 (CXCL14) was introduced in SCI rats to measure their roles in neuronal recovery. Western blot analysis was performed to determine the phosphorylation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3). Neuronal apoptosis in rat spinal cord tissues was detected. The concentrations of SCI recovery-related proteins thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH), prostacyclin (PGI2), and ganglioside (GM) were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Data were analyzed using a t-test with a one-way or two-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#Rats with SCI presented decreased grip strength (112.03 ± 10.64 vs. 17.32 ± 1.49 g, P < 0.01), decreased miR-34c expression (7 days: 3.78 ± 0.44 vs. 0.95 ± 0.10, P < 0.05), and increased CXCL14 expression (7 days: 0.61 ± 0.06 vs. 2.91 ± 0.27, P < 0.01). MiR-34c was found to directly bind to CXCL14. Overexpression of miR-34c increased grip strength (11.23 ± 1.08 vs. 31.26 ± 2.99 g, P < 0.01) and reduced neuronal apoptosis in spinal cord tissues (53.61% ± 6.07% vs. 24.59% ± 3.32%, P < 0.01), and silencing of CXCL14 also increased the grip strength (12.76 ± 1.13 vs. 29.77 ± 2.75 g, P < 0.01) and reduced apoptosis in spinal cord tissues (55.74% ± 6.24% vs. 26.75% ± 2.84%, P < 0.01). In addition, miR-34c upregulation or CXCL14 downregulation increased the concentrations of TRH, PGI2, and GM, and reduced phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT3 in rats with SCI (all P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The study provided evidence that miR-34c could promote neuronal recovery in rats with SCI through inhibiting CXCL14 expression and inactivating the JAK2/STAT3 pathway. This study may offer new insights into SCI treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787637

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia(NCP) caused by 2019 novel coronavirus has become a global public health challenge. Some patients accompany with liver function damage in addition to the main typical respiratory symptom. Here we analyzed the clinical features, susceptible population, potential causes and therapeutic strategies of NCP related liver injury.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1332-1336, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of scar uterus on assisted reproduction treatment strategy.Methods:From January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2017, 109 cases of scar uterus group and 63 cases of vaginal delivery history group who underwent in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) assisted pregnancy fresh embryo transfer in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Results:⑴ There was no significant difference in the total amount of gonadotropin (Gn) and the total days of GN in patients <35 between scar uterus group and the vaginal delivery history group ( P>0.05), but there were significant differences in the number of oocytes, mature oocytes, two pronucleus (2PN) and excellent embryos between the scar uterus group and the vaginal delivery history group ( P<0.05). When the age was ≥35 years old, there was no significant difference in the total number of GN, the total days of GN, the number of oocytes obtained, the number of mature oocytes, the number of 2PN and the number of excellent embryos between the two groups ( P>0.05). ⑵ There were no statistically significant differences in clinical pregnancy rate and embryo implantation rate between the two groups of patients < 35 years old, no matter single embryo transplantation or double embryos transplantation. When transplant two embryos, the clinical pregnancy rate and embryo implantation rate in the scar uterus group were slightly lower than those in the vaginal delivery history group (57.57% vs 71.05% and 39.39% vs 47.37%, respectively), but with no significant difference ( P>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the clinical pregnancy rate and embryo implantation rate between single embryo transplantation and double embryo transplantation in patients≥35 years old ( P>0.05). ⑶ There were no statistically differences in biochemical pregnancy rate, early abortion rate, preterm birth rate and average newborn weight between the scar uterus group and the vaginal delivery history group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Cesarean section may affect the ovarian function. For patients with previous cesarean section, early evaluation of ovarian function is recommended. Single embryo transfer does not reduce the outcome in IVF-ET. It is recommended to perform single embryo transfer for patients with scar uterus to reduce the risk during pregnancy of twin pregnancy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865890

ABSTRACT

Based on the analysis of the existing problems in outpatient nursing education, this study builds an organizational framework of outpatient nursing education based on the competency model, and proposes measures such as the construction of outpatient nursing education teachers, the optimization of the education mode and training facilities and so on. The results show that there are statistical differences in the teaching ability, teaching quality, student feedback and total scores before and after constructing the organizational framework of outpatient nursing education based on the competency model, indicating that the framework guarantees the basis of the dynamic selection mechanism of nursing education teachers, ensures the quality of outpatient nursing education, and can provide a reference for the development of outpatient nursing specialty and talent training.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862691

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To investigate the mechanism of Buyang Huanwu Tang (BYHWT) in improving synaptic structural plasticity after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats. <b>Method::Middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion model was established. SD rats were randomly divided into sham-operated group, model group, BYHWT group, BYHWT+ Gap26(connexin43 inhibitor)groups. BYHWT was given twice a day(16 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), Gap26 was intraperitoneally injected once a day since the third day after surgery (25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). Brain was taken out at the 7<sup>th</sup> day. The changes of neuronal synaptic and gap junction ultrastructure were observed by transmission electron microscopy. Synaptophysin (SYN) and growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43) protein expression were detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence. <b>Result::The structure of synapses was integrated, and the gap junctions were clear in sham-operated group. In the hippocampus of model group, the structure was destroyed, and the gap junctions disappeared. Compared with the sham-operated group, model group up-regulated the expressions of SYN and GAP-43 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). In the hippocampus of BYHWT group, the structure was close to the normal. Furthermore, BYHWT up-regulated the expressions of SYN and GAP-43 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). However, after the combined administration with Cx43 inhibitor (Gap26), the damage of synaptic structural decreased, only a small number of gap junctions with the structural integrity can be seen, and the effect of BYHWT on SYN and GAP-43 was inhibited (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). <b>Conclusion::BYHWT could improve the hippocampal synaptic structural plasticity obviously after the CIRI. The mechanism may be related to the increase of the expression of Cx43 and the promotion of the intervention of SYN and GAP-43.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the improvement of neurological symptoms in patients with Type 2 diabetic peripheral neuropathy via resistance exercise.@*METHODS@#A total of 100 patients with Type 2 diabetic peripheral neuropathy were selected as the research objects, and they were randomly divided into an observation group who performed resistance exercise (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, there was statistically difference in the TCSS scores in the observation group at 3 months (@*CONCLUSIONS@#After the intervention of resistance exercise, the blood glucose and DPN can be improved in a certain extent, and which can be popularized in Type 2 diabetes patients.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Body Mass Index , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Neuropathies , Humans , Resistance Training
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