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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 503-506, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920470

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIV E To provide ideas for diagnosis and treatment of fungal endocarditis. METHODS The diagnosis and treatment of 1 case of aspergillus endocarditis participated by clinical pharmacists were analyzed. Clinical pharmacists suggested that blood macrogenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS)detection and blood microbial culture should be performed to assist in the diagnosis of fungal endocarditis ;considering the mechanism ,target and safety of the drug ,it was suggested to use voriconazole combined with micafungin for antifungal treatment ;through combining with the patient ’s condition and weighing up the pros and cons ,the dose of micafungin was adjusted to 300 mg per day ;clinical pharmacists prevented ,evaluated and dealt with adverse drug reactions during treatment ,and also provided medication guidance and long-term follow-up for the patient after discharge. RESULTS The clinician adopted the advice of the clinical pharmacists. Aspergillus fumigatus was detected in blood mNGS,which bought time for early diagnosis and individualized treatment of the patient. After 1 month treatment of voriconazole combined with micafungin ,the patient ’s condition was well controlled. The alkaline phosphatase and γ-glutamyl transferase of the patient returned to normal after treatment with adenosylmethionine succinate. With the help of medication guidance ,education and discharge follow-up of clinical pharmacists ,the medication compliance of the patient was good and the condition was stable. CONCLUSIONS The clinical pharmacists participate in the diagnosis and treatment process of the patient ,formulate an individualized anti-infective treatment plan for the patient and achieve good results ,which reflect the professional ability and service level of the clinical pharmacist ,and provide ideas for the clinical treatment of fungal endocarditis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921692

ABSTRACT

The medicinal plants with roots and rhizomes as the medicinal parts account for about 1/3 of Chinese medicinal herbs. Root and rhizome medicinal materials are widely used in clinical practice, whereas their wild resource reserves are insufficient to meet the market demand. With the expansion of planting areas, the formation of large-scale production areas, and the increase in planting years, diseases and insect pests of these medicinal plants, which are diverse and have broad transmission routes, strong concealment, and heavy damage, have become more and more serious. The prevention and control of these diseases and insect pests is characterized by multiple ways of pesticide application, large consumption of pesticides, susceptibility to soil barrier, difficulty in the control, and unstable control efficiency. Organophosphorus pesticides(OPPs) are widely used in the cultivation of Chinese medicinal plants because of their diverse varieties, broad-spectrum, good efficacy, and low residues, and have a positive effect on the yield and quality of Chinese medicinal materials. However, the abuse of OPPs not only increases the planting cost, but also affects the quality and safety of Chinese medicinal plants, the safety of clinical use of Chinese medicine, and the ecological safety of production areas. This paper reviewed the research and development progress of OPPs, the registration status of OPPs used in root and rhizome medicinal materials, residue limit standards, residue status, and rapid detection technology progress of OPPs. This review aims to provide research ideas and references for standardizing the use of OPPs in root and rhizome medicinal materials, reducing OPP residues, and establishing a fast, efficient, accurate, and reliable method for the detection of OPP residues in Chinese herbal medicine.


Subject(s)
Organophosphorus Compounds , Pesticide Residues/analysis , Pesticides/analysis , Plants, Medicinal , Rhizome/chemistry
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2857-2864, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921246

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS@#Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) have been associated with mortality, while the joint association with mortality is rarely reported among Chinese population. We aimed to examine the independent and joint association of PA and SB with all-cause mortality in southern China.@*METHODS@#A cohort of 12,608 China Hypertension Survey participants aged ≥35 years were enrolled in 2013 to 2014, with a follow-up period of 5.4 years. Baseline self-reported PA and SB were collected via the questionnaire. Kaplan-Meier curves (log-rank test) and Cox proportional hazards regression were performed to evaluate the associations of PA and SB on all-cause mortality.@*RESULTS@#A total of 11,744 eligible participants were included in the analysis. Over an average of 5.4 years of follow-up, 796 deaths occurred. The risk of all-cause mortality was lower among participants with high PA than those with low to moderate level (5.2% vs. 8.9%; hazards ratio [HR]: 0.75, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.61-0.87). Participants with SB ≥ 6 h had a higher risk of all-cause mortality than those with SB <6 h (7.8% vs. 6.0%; HR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.17-1.61). Participants with prolonged SB (≥6 h) and inadequate PA (low to moderate) had a higher risk of all-cause mortality compared to those with SB < 6 h and high PA (11.2% vs. 4.9%; HR: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.35-2.06). Even in the participants with high PA, prolonged SB (≥6 h) was still associated with the higher risk of all-cause mortality compared with SB < 6 h (7.0% vs. 4.9%; HR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.12-1.56).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Among Chinese population, PA and SB have a joint association with the risk of all-cause mortality. Participants with inadequate PA and prolonged SB had the highest risk of all-cause mortality compared with others.


Subject(s)
Exercise , Humans , Proportional Hazards Models , Sedentary Behavior , Self Report , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1276-1280, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921045

ABSTRACT

Taking the clinical trial of acupuncture in treatment of postprandial distress syndrome as an example, this paper proposes that the acupuncture clinical trial protocol should be optimized in view of acupuncture prescription, acupuncture frequency and outcomes. Besides, the data quality of acupuncture clinical trial should be improved in consideration of data sharing and electronic data capture so as to provide a reference for the majority of researchers to optimize and implement acupuncture clinical trial.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Clinical Trials as Topic , Dyspepsia/therapy , Humans , Research Personnel , Stomach Diseases/therapy , Treatment Outcome
5.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 958-967, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918739

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To systematically examine the effectiveness and tolerability of psilocybin for treating end-of-life anxiety symptoms. @*Methods@#The Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, and PsycINFO databases were searched up to November 25, 2020. We enrolled clinical trials investigating psilocybin for treating end-of-life anxiety symptoms. Meta-analysis was conducted using random-effects model. @*Results@#Overall, five studies were included, revealing that psilocybin was superior to the placebo in treating state anxiety at 1 day (Hedges’ g, -0.70; 95% confidence interval, -1.01 to -0.39) and 2 weeks (-1.03; -1.47 to -0.60) after treatment. Psilocybin was more effective than placebo in treating trait anxiety at 1 day (-0.71; -1.15 to -0.26), 2 weeks (-1.08; -1.80 to -0.36), and 6 months (-0.84; -1.37 to -0.30) after treatment. Psilocybin was associated with transient elevation in systolic (19.00; 13.58–24.41 mm Hg) and diastolic (8.66; 5.18–12.15 mm Hg) blood pressure compared with placebo. The differences between psilocybin and placebo groups with regard to allcause discontinuation, serious adverse events, and heart rates were nonsignificant. @*Conclusion@#Psilocybin-assisted therapy could ameliorate end-of-life anxiety symptoms without serious adverse events. Because of the small sample sizes of the included studies and high heterogeneity on long-term outcomes, future randomized controlled trials with large sample sizes are needed.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing radical resection of malignant colorectal cancer.Methods:Patients undergoing radical resection of malignant colorectal cancer from November 1, 2019 to December 1, 2020, were selected, and the medical records including gender, age, height, weight, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status, complications (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, chronic kidney disease and renal insufficiency), neoadjuvant therapy before surgery, preoperative serum creatinine level (within 1-3 days before surgery), preoperative prophylactic ureteral intubation, operation methods, intraoperative blood loss and blood transfusion, intraoperative fluid infusion and urine output, intraoperative hypotension occurrence and duration, intraoperative prophylactic ileostomy, operation time, postoperative length of stay, postoperative complications (ileus, anastomotic leak/abdominal infection), postoperative antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs use were retrospectively collected.Postoperative AKI was diagnosed based on Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes criteria.The patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group according to whether postoperative AKI occurred within 7 days after surgery, and the risk factors for postoperative AKI were screened by multivariate Poisson regression analysis.Results:A total of 543 patients were included in this study.There were 14 cases of postoperative AKI and the incidence was 2.6%.Poisson regression analysis showed that preoperative hypertension ( OR=5.04, 95% confidence interval 1.57-22.18, P=0.041) and postoperative use of vancomycin ( OR=8.87, 95% confidence interval 2.27-28.99, P=0.004) were the independent risk factors for postoperative AKI. Conclusion:Preoperative hypertension and postoperative use of vancomycin are the independent risk factors for postoperative AKI in patients undergoing radical resection of malignant colorectal cancer.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906073

ABSTRACT

Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma is the dry root and rhizome of Nardostachys jatamansi (Valerianaceae) with a long medical history and a broad range of application, which is effective in regulating Qi, relieving pain, resolving depression, and enlivening spleen, as well as dispelling dampness and relieving swelling by external application. It can be used for the treatment of abdominal distension, loss of appetite, and vomiting. Besides, it can also relieve toothache and treat dermatophytosis and pyogenic infection by external use. Moreover, it serves as a common medicinal material in ancient Ayurveda and Unani medical systems in India and also as an ingredient in spices, foods, and cosmetics. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma possesses multiple pharmacological activities, such as sedation, anti-epilepsy, anti-convulsion, anti-depression, anti-arrhythmia, anti-malaria, anti-inflammation, anti-bacteria, anti-oxidation, and blood sugar metabolism improvement due to its multiple compounds contained, including terpenes, flavonoids, coumarins, and lignans. The main active components are sesquiterpenoids represented by nardosinone. The pharmacological activities, chemical compositions, and clinical applications of Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma have been investigated, but the research on resources, distribution, quality control, cultivation status, and applications are rarely reported. As an important genuine medicinal material from the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma is obtained mainly from wild N. jatamansi. Accordingly, the conservation and sustainable utilization of N. jatamansi have attracted much attention all around the world. Based on the resource survey, cultivation research, and relevant literature available, the present study reviewed resources, geographical distribution, chemical compositions, pharmacological activities, quality control, cultivation, and applications of N. jatamansi, aiming to provide references for the conservation and development of N. jatamansi.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906052

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of<italic> Stemona tuberosa</italic> alkaloids on the apoptosis of human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells and the expression of apoptosis-related proteins including B lymphocytoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), and cleaved cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3 (cleaved Caspase-3). Method:SMMC-7721 cells were routinely cultured, passaged, and treated with various concentrations (50, 75, 112, 167, and 250 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) of <italic>S. tuberosa </italic>alkaloids, while those in the blank control group were only treated with 10% fetal bovine serum. The cell proliferation was determined by tetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetry and colony assay and the cell apoptosis by Hoechst 33258 staining. The protein expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, and cleaved Caspase-3 were detected by Western blot. Result:<italic>S. tuberosa</italic> alkaloids inhibited the proliferation of SMMC-7721 cells, and the inhibition rate was significantly increased in comparison with that in the blank control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), with the half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC<sub>50</sub>) at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h being (173.36±8.75), (112.14±16.50), and (96.41±2.60)mg·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. The cell colony-inhibitory activity was significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the blank control group, <italic>S. tuberosa</italic> alkaloids promoted the apoptosis of SMMC-7721 cells, manifested as increased number of apoptotic cells and elevated apoptotic rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The typical morphological changes such as brightly blue-fluorescent condensed nuclei, cytoplasmic shrinking, and karyopyknosis were found under the upright fluorescence microscope. As revealed by comparison with the blank control group, the expression of Bcl-2 was significantly down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the protein expression levels of pro-apoptotic protein Bax and cleaved Caspase-3 in the 75, 112, 167, and 250 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> <italic>S. tuberosa</italic> alkaloids groups were significantly up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:<italic>S. tuberosa </italic>alkaloids inhibit the proliferation of SMMC-7721 cells and promote their apoptosis possibly by inhibiting Bcl-2 protein expression and promoting Bax and cleaved Caspase-3 protein expression.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905950

ABSTRACT

Polydatin, a polyphenolic compound, is the main active component of Chinese medicine Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma et Radix and has a variety of pharmacological activities. In recent years, there are more studies on the pharmacological effects and mechanisms of polydatin. Modern pharmacological studies show that polydatin has protective effects on the nervous system, cardio-cerebral vascular system, and respiratory system, and also has significant effects on the liver, kidney, lung, and other organs. Its effect of regulating blood glucose and blood lipid on atherosclerosis is significant, and the anti-fibrosis effect is significant on the liver and kidney. Polydatin can inhibit many types of tumor cells, suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis of tumor cells. Polydatin can also resist inflammation and radiation, protect bone marrow, and promote wound healing. Based on the literature on the pharmacological effects of polydatin, the authors found that the single pharmacological mechanism of polydatin is often regulated by multi-target proteins and multiple pathways, but the most of action targets are unclear, which needs to be further investigated. This study summarized the research progress on the pharmacological action and mechanism of polydatin in the past five years and put forward some suggestions on its present research situation and future research direction to broaden the research ideas of researchers and speed up the identification of the targets of its pharmacological effect. This study is expected to provide a scientific theoretical basis for the further development and utilization of polydatin.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901446

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection leads to high mortality in swine. Despite extensive efforts, effective treatments against PRV infection are limited. Furthermore, the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013 is unclear. @*Objectives@#Our study aimed to investigate the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013, establish an inflammation model to elucidate the pathogenesis of PRV infection further, and develop effective drugs against PRV infection. @*Methods@#Kunming mice were infected intramuscularly with medium, LPS, and different doses of PRV-GXLB-2013. Viral spread and histopathological damage to brain, spleen, and lung were determined at 7 days post-infection (dpi). Immune organ indices, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), and inflammatory cytokines, as well as levels of activity of COX-2 and iNOS were determined at 4, 7, and 14 dpi. @*Results@#At 105 –106 TCID50 PRV produced obviously neurological symptoms and 100% mortality in mice. Viral antigens were detectable in kidney, heart, lung, liver, spleen, and brain. In addition, inflammatory injuries were apparent in brain, spleen, and lung of PRVinfected mice. Moreover, PRV induced increases in immune organ indices, ROS and NO levels, activity of COX-2 and iNOS, and the content of key pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ and MCP-1. Among the tested doses, 10 2 TCID 50 of PRV produced a significant inflammatory mediator increase. @*Conclusions@#An inflammatory model induced by PRV infection was established in mice, and 102 TCID50 PRV was considered as the best concentration for the establishment of the model.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893742

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pseudorabies virus (PRV) infection leads to high mortality in swine. Despite extensive efforts, effective treatments against PRV infection are limited. Furthermore, the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013 is unclear. @*Objectives@#Our study aimed to investigate the inflammatory response induced by PRV strain GXLB-2013, establish an inflammation model to elucidate the pathogenesis of PRV infection further, and develop effective drugs against PRV infection. @*Methods@#Kunming mice were infected intramuscularly with medium, LPS, and different doses of PRV-GXLB-2013. Viral spread and histopathological damage to brain, spleen, and lung were determined at 7 days post-infection (dpi). Immune organ indices, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), and inflammatory cytokines, as well as levels of activity of COX-2 and iNOS were determined at 4, 7, and 14 dpi. @*Results@#At 105 –106 TCID50 PRV produced obviously neurological symptoms and 100% mortality in mice. Viral antigens were detectable in kidney, heart, lung, liver, spleen, and brain. In addition, inflammatory injuries were apparent in brain, spleen, and lung of PRVinfected mice. Moreover, PRV induced increases in immune organ indices, ROS and NO levels, activity of COX-2 and iNOS, and the content of key pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ and MCP-1. Among the tested doses, 10 2 TCID 50 of PRV produced a significant inflammatory mediator increase. @*Conclusions@#An inflammatory model induced by PRV infection was established in mice, and 102 TCID50 PRV was considered as the best concentration for the establishment of the model.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2004-2015, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888848

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been known as the second common leading cancer worldwide, as it responds poorly to both chemotherapy and medication. Triptolide (TP), a diterpenoid triepoxide, is a promising treatment agent for its effective anticancer effect on multiple cancers including HCC. However, its clinical application has been limited owing to its severe systemic toxicities, low solubility, and fast elimination in the body. Therefore, to overcome the above obstacles, photo-activatable liposomes (LP) integrated with both photosensitizer Ce6 and chemotherapeutic drug TP (TP/Ce6-LP) was designed in the pursuit of controlled drug release and synergetic photodynamic therapy in HCC therapy. The TP encapsulated in liposomes accumulated to the tumor site due to the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. Under laser irradiation, the photosensitizer Ce6 generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) and further oxidized the unsaturated phospholipids. In this way, the liposomes were destroyed to release TP. TP/Ce6-LP with NIR laser irradiation (TP/Ce6-LP+L) showed the best anti-tumor effect both

13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1028-1033, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888514

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of petroleum ether extract of Rhizoma Amorphophalli (SLG) in inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis and differentiation of leukemia K562 cells.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were processed by SLG and PD98059 which was the ERK signaling pathway blocker. Then cell vitality was tested by MTT. Cell apoptosis rate and positive percentage of antigen expression related with differentiation were detected by flow cytometry. The protein expression levels of ERK1/2 and pERK1/2 were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The proliferation activity of K562 was reduced by 50, 100, 200 mg/L SLG in a concentration dependent manner (r=0.9997). The apoptosis rate and positive expression rate of CD11b, CD14 and CD42b which were related with differentiation were raised by SLG, as well as the expression of pERK1/2, while PD98059 could reverse the promoting effect of SLG on apoptosis and differentiation partially.@*CONCLUSION@#SLG can inhibit the proliferation and promote apoptosis and differentiation of K562 cells through ERK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Alkanes , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Petroleum , Plant Extracts/pharmacology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888357

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field on patients with lumbar disc herniation and the influence on serum IL-1β and TNF-α.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to March 2019, 58 patients with lumbar disc herniation were included in the study, which were randomly divided into observation group and control group by digital table method. Observation group of 29 cases, including 16 males and 13 females, aged (38.03±11.29) years old, were treated with lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field. The 29 cases in control group, including 17 males and 12 females, aged (38.21±9.16) years old, were treated with pulsed electric field. Both groups of patients were treated 3 times a week, once every other day, 3 times as a course of treatment. After 2 courses of treatment, the two groups of patients were scored before and after treatment by the numeric rating scales (NRS);at the same time, the serum levels of IL-1β and TNF-α were measured before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The NRS scores of observation group and control group were 4.21±1.76, 4.66±1.61 before treatment, and 1.28±0.84, 2.10±1.35 after treatment, respectively. The NRS scores of the observation group after treatment was significantly lower than that of the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#The lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field has a good analgesic effect on patients with lumbar disc herniation, and it has a significant impact on the patient's serum IL-1β and TNF-α concentration, which can be used as a clinical guide. However, the synergistic effect of lever positioning technique combined with pulsed electric field and guidelines for clinical treatment need further research.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1267-1275, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878175

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy has opened a new era in cancer treatment. Drugs represented by immune checkpoint inhibitors have led to important breakthroughs in the treatment of various solid tumors, greatly improving the survival rate of cancer patients. Many types of immunotherapeutic drugs have become widely available; however, their efficacy is variable, and relatively few patients with advanced cancer experience life-altering durable survival, reflecting the complex and highly regulated nature of the immune system. The research field of cancer immunotherapy (CIT) still faces many challenges in pursuing the broader social goal of "curing cancer." Increasing attention has been paid to strengthening the understanding of the molecular or cellular drivers of resistance to immunotherapy, actively exploring more effective therapeutic targets, and developing combination therapy strategies. Here, we review the key challenges that have emerged in the era of CIT and the possible solutions or development directions to overcome these difficulties, providing relevant references for basic research and the development of modified clinical treatment regimens.


Subject(s)
Combined Modality Therapy , Humans , Immunologic Factors , Immunotherapy , Neoplasms/therapy
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effect of acupuncture for the improvements in various dyspeptic symptoms of postprandial distress syndrome.@*METHODS@#The secondary analysis on the data of a multi-center randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. 278 patients with postprandial distress syndrome were randomized into an acupuncture group (138 cases) and a sham-acupuncture group (140 cases). In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Danzhong (CV 17), Zhongwan (CV 12), Qihai (CV 6), Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36), etc. In the sham-acupuncture group, 6 sites, neither located on meridians nor belonged to meridian acupoints, were selected and punctured shallowly. The duration of treatment was 20 min each time, 3 times a week, for 4 weeks totally in the two groups. The follow-up visit lasted for 12 weeks. The scores of dyspeptic symptoms were compared between the two groups before treatment, during treatment (in week 1, 2, 3 and 4) and during follow-up (in week 8, 12 and 16) separately.@*RESULTS@#Besides the scores of early satiety and vomiting in the sham-acupuncture group in week 1, the scores of the other dyspepsia symptoms during treatment and follow-up were all reduced in the two groups as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture remarkably relieves postprandial fullness, early satiety, upper abdominal bloating and belching in patients with postprandial distress syndrome.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Dyspepsia/therapy , Humans , Meridians , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877557

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the literature characteristics of the clinical researches on tumor treatment with acupuncture-moxibustion in PubMed database so as to provide the references for the study of acupuncture-moxibusion in intervention of tumor.@*METHODS@#The articles on the clinical researches of acupuncture-moxibusion in treatment of tumor were retrieved from PubMed database listed till December 31, 2018. Using bibliometric methodology, the analysis was conducted on publication year, publication journal, author, country or region, research institution, disease spectrum and therapeutic regimen.@*RESULTS@#A total of 143 articles are included. The publications are increased steadily since 2004. The articles are published in 64 international journals, of which, @*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture-moxibustion is quite extensively involved in the treatment of tumor in the field of nervous (mental) system and digestive system. But the regimen of acupuncture- moxibustion needs to be further optimized and promoted.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Bibliometrics , China , Humans , Moxibustion , PubMed
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876713

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in national surveillance sites of Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for formulating the new schistosomiasis surveillance program and consolidating schistosomiasis elimination achievements. Methods A total of 54 to 55 national surveillance sites and 6 risk monitoring sites were assigned in historical endemic regions of Zhejiang Province from 2015 to 2019, where the Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans, livestock, snails and wild feces were monitored. All data pertaining to the surveillance results were descriptively analyzed. Results There were 34 530 person-time local residents receiving serological screening for S. japonicum infections in national surveillance sites of Zhejiang Province from 2015 to 2019, and the seroprevalance of S. japonicum infections were 0.29% to 0.68%; however, no egg-positives were detected. During the period from 2015 to 2019, there were 62 086 person-time mobile populations receiving serological screening for S. japonicum infections in national surveillance sites of Zhejiang Province, and the seroprevalance of S. japonicum infections were 0.32% to 0.56%; additionally, there were 27 egg-positives identified, including 3 imported cases with schistosomiasis haematobia and one case with acute schistosomiasis japonica, indicating that the adjusted prevalence of Schistosoma infections were 0.01% to 0.07% among mobile populations. A total of 829 livestock were examined for S. japonicum infections, with no positives detected. There were 10.55 hm2 and 2.89 hm2 snail habitats found in national surveillance sites and risk monitoring sites of Zhejiang Province during the 5-year period, respectively; however, no S. japonicum infections were identified in snails. Moreover, a total of 305 wild feces were tested for S. japonicum infections, and no egg-positives were identified. Conclusions The schistosomiasis elimination achievement have been consolidated in Zhejiang Province; however, the risk factors of re-emerging schistosomiasis have not been completely eliminated, such as residual snails and imported schistosomiasis cases. Further surveillance and control activities of snails and the source of S. japonicum infections should be reinforced.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879865

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the association of early nutrition intake with the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, and Weipu Periodical Database were searched for the observational studies on the association between early nutrition intake and BPD. RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of eligible studies.@*RESULTS@#Eight observational studies were included, with 548 infants with BPD and 522 infants without BPD. The Meta analysis showed that the BPD group had a significantly lower caloric intake than the non-BPD group within the first week after birth and in the first 2 weeks after birth (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early nutrition deficiency may be associated with the development of BPD, and more attention should be paid to enteral feeding of infants at a high risk of BPD to achieve total enteral feeding as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , China , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Malnutrition , Parenteral Nutrition
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The measurement of diabetic foot ulcers is important for the success in diabetic foot ulcer management. At present, it lacks the accurate and convenient measurement tools in clinical. In recent years, artificial intelligence technology has demonstrated the potential application value in the field of image segmentation and recognition. This study aims to construct an intelligent measurement model of diabetic foot ulcers based on the deep learning method, and to conduct preliminary verification.@*METHODS@#The data of 1 042 diabetic foot ulcers clinical samples were collected. The ulcers and color areas were manually labeled, of which 782 were used as the training data set and 260 as the test data set. The Mask RCNN ulcer tissue color semantic segmentation and RetinaNet scale digital scale target detection were used to build a model. The training data set was input into the model and iterated. The test data set was used to verify the intelligent measurement model.@*RESULTS@#This study established an intelligent measurement model of diabetic foot ulcers based on deep learning. The mean average precision@.5 intersection over union (mAP@.5IOU) of the color region segmentation in the training set and the test set were 87.9% and 63.9%, respectively; the mAP@.5IOU of the ruler scale digital detection in the training set and the test set were 96.5% and 83.4%, respectively. Compared with the manual measurement result of the test sample, the average error of the intelligent measurement result was about 3 mm.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The intelligent measurement model has good accuracy and robustness in measuring the diabetic foot ulcers. Future research can further optimize the model with larger-scale data samples.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot , Humans
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