Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 326
Filter
1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2839-2846, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007626

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The presence of fibrosis is a criterion for subtype classification in the newly updated hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) guidelines. The present study aimed to summarize differences in clinical characteristics and prognosis of non-fibrotic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (NFHP) and fibrotic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (FHP) and explore factors associated with the presence of fibrosis.@*METHODS@#In this prospective cohort study, patients diagnosed with HP through a multidisciplinary discussion were enrolled. Collected data included demographic and clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, and radiologic and histopathological features. Logistic regression analyses were performed to explore factors related to the presence of fibrosis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 202 patients with HP were enrolled, including 87 (43.1%) NFHP patients and 115 (56.9%) FHP patients. Patients with FHP were older and more frequently presented with dyspnea, crackles, and digital clubbing than patients with NFHP. Serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate antigen 125, carbohydrate antigen 153, gastrin-releasing peptide precursor, squamous cell carcinoma antigen, and antigen cytokeratin 21-1, and count of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) eosinophils were higher in the FHP group than in the NFHP group. BAL lymphocytosis was present in both groups, but less pronounced in the FHP group. Multivariable regression analyses revealed that older age, <20% of lymphocyte in BAL, and ≥1.75% of eosinophil in BAL were risk factors for the development of FHP. Twelve patients developed adverse outcomes, with a median survival time of 12.5 months, all of whom had FHP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Older age, <20% of lymphocyte in BAL, and ≥1.75% of eosinophil in BAL were risk factors associated with the development of FHP. Prognosis of patients with NFHP was better than that of patients with FHP. These results may provide insights into the mechanisms of fibrosis in HP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Prospective Studies , Alveolitis, Extrinsic Allergic/diagnosis , Fibrosis , Carbohydrates
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1014-1023, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978767

ABSTRACT

According to the theory of 'Xingben Dazao' of Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (BL), the susceptible syndromes and biomarkers of liver injury caused by BL were searched. Rat models of kidney-yin deficiency syndrome (M_yin) and kidney-yang deficiency syndrome (M_yang) were established, and all animal experimental operations and welfare following the provisions of the First Affiliated Experimental Animal Ethics and Animal Welfare Committee of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. YFYDW2020017). The results showed that BL significantly decreased the body weight, water intake, and urine weight of M_yin rats and increase the organ indexes of the liver, testis, adrenal gland, and spleen and the expression of alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Meantime, BL significantly increased the urine weight of M_yang rats and decreased the expression of ALT and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining showed that BL could aggravate inflammatory infiltration of hepatocytes in rats with M_yin and alleviate liver injury in rats with M_yang. Metabolomics identified 17 BL co-regulated significant differential metabolic markers in M_yin and M_yang rats. Among them, 8 metabolites such as glutamine, quinolinate, biliverdin, and lactosylceramide showed opposite trends, mainly involving cysteine and methionine metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, purine metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, glycerol phospholipid metabolism, glutamine metabolism, and other pathways. M_yin/M_yang may be the susceptible constitution of BL for liver damage or protection, which may be related to the regulation of amino acid metabolism and sphingolipid metabolism. The study can provide some experimental data support for the safe and accurate use of BL in the clinical practice of traditional Chinese medicine.

3.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 163-177, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008994

ABSTRACT

Objective This consensus aims to provide evidence-based recommendations on common questions in the diagnosis and treatment of acute respiratory failure (ARF) for critically ill cancer patients.Methods We developed six clinical questions using the PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome) principle in diagnosis and treatment for critical ill cancer patients with ARF. Based on literature searching and meta-analyses, recommendations were devised. The GRADE (Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation) method was applied to each question to reach consensus in the expert panel. Results The panel makes strong recommendations in favor of (1) metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) tests may aid clinicians in rapid diagnosis in critically ill cancer patients suspected of pulmonary infections; (2) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy should not be used as a routine rescue therapy for acute respiratory distress syndrome in critically ill cancer patients but may benefit highly selected patients after multi-disciplinary consultations; (3) cancer patients who have received immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy have an increased incidence of pneumonitis compared with standard chemotherapy; (4) critically ill cancer patients who are on invasive mechanical ventilation and estimated to be extubated after 14 days may benefit from early tracheotomy; and (5) high-flow nasal oxygen and noninvasive ventilation therapy can be used as a first-line oxygen strategy for critically ill cancer patients with ARFs. A weak recommendation is: (6) for critically ill cancer patients with ARF caused by tumor compression, urgent chemotherapy may be considered as a rescue therapy only in patients determined to be potentially sensitive to the anticancer therapy after multidisciplinary consultations. Conclusions The recommendations based on the available evidence can guide diagnosis and treatment in critically ill cancer patients with acute respiratory failure and improve outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Critical Illness/therapy , Neoplasms/therapy , Oxygen , Pneumonia , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/drug therapy , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy
4.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 117-124, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981594

ABSTRACT

Background A simple measurement of central venous pressure (CVP)-mean by the digital monitor display has become increasingly popular. However, the agreement between CVP-mean and CVP-end (a standard method of CVP measurement by analyzing the waveform at end-expiration) is not well determined. This study was designed to identify the relationship between CVP-mean and CVP-end in critically ill patients and to introduce a new parameter of CVP amplitude (ΔCVP= CVPmax - CVPmin) during the respiratory period to identify the agreement/disagreement between CVP-mean and CVP-end.Methods In total, 291 patients were included in the study. CVP-mean and CVP-end were obtained simultaneously from each patient. CVP measurement difference (|CVP-mean - CVP-end|) was defined as the difference between CVP-mean and CVP-end. The ΔCVP was calculated as the difference between the peak (CVPmax) and the nadir value (CVPmin) during the respiratory cycle, which was automatically recorded on the monitor screen. Subjects with |CVP-mean - CVP-end|≥ 2 mmHg were divided into the inconsistent group, while subjects with |CVP-mean - CVP-end| < 2 mmHg were divided into the consistent group.Results ΔCVP was significantly higher in the inconsistent group [7.17(2.77) vs.5.24(2.18), P<0.001] than that in the consistent group. There was a significantly positive relationship between ΔCVP and |CVP-mean - CVP-end| (r=0.283, P <0.0001). Bland-Altman plot showed the bias was -0.61 mmHg with a wide 95% limit of agreement (-3.34, 2.10) of CVP-end and CVP-mean. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) of ΔCVP for predicting |CVP-mean - CVP-end| ≥ 2 mmHg was 0.709. With a high diagnostic specificity, using ΔCVP<3 to detect |CVP-mean - CVP-end| lower than 2mmHg (consistent measurement) resulted in a sensitivity of 22.37% and a specificity of 93.06%. Using ΔCVP>8 to detect |CVP-mean - CVP-end| >8 mmHg (inconsistent measurement) resulted in a sensitivity of 31.94% and a specificity of 91.32%.Conclusions CVP-end and CVP-mean have statistical discrepancies in specific clinical scenarios. ΔCVP during the respiratory period is related to the variation of the two CVP methods. A high ΔCVP indicates a poor agreement between these two methods, whereas a low ΔCVP indicates a good agreement between these two methods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Central Venous Pressure , Respiration , ROC Curve
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 659-665, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of a water-soluble novel dihydroartemisinin dimer containing nitrogen atoms SM 1044 on the apoptosis of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) resistant acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) NB4-R1 cells and its potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#The effects of SM 1044 on cell apoptosis, mitochondrial transmembrane potential, and the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were assessed by flow cytometry. Expressions of apoptosis-related proteins were determined by Western blot. The effects of SM 1044 on MAPK (ERK, JNK) signaling pathway, PML/RARα fusion protein, and expressions of apoptosis-related proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#SM 1044 could significantly induce apoptosis and the loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential in NB4-R1 cells, and activate apoptosis-related proteins caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). SM 1044 could also induce NB4-R1 cells to produce ROS. Western blot showed that SM 1044 activated the phosphorylation of MAPK (ERK, JNK) signaling pathway and down-regulated the expression of PML/RARα fusion protein.@*CONCLUSION@#SM 1044 can induce apoptosis of ATRA resistant APL NB4-R1 cells, which may be related to ROS/ERK and ROS/JNK signaling pathway, and can also induce by down-regulating PML/RARα fusion protein.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reactive Oxygen Species/pharmacology , Tretinoin/pharmacology , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Cell Line , Apoptosis , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Cell Differentiation
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 497-501, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical and genetic features of Joubert syndrome (JS) in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data, genetic data, and follow-up data of 20 children who were diagnosed with JS in the Department of Children's Rehabilitation, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, from January 2017 to July 2022.@*RESULTS@#Among the 20 children with JS, there were 11 boys and 9 girls. The common clinical manifestations were developmental delay (20 children, 100%), abnormal eye movement (19 children, 95%), and hypotonia (16 children, 80%), followed by abnormal respiratory rhythm in 5 children (25%) and unusual facies (including prominent forehead, low-set ears, and triangular mouth) in 3 children (15%), and no limb deformity was observed. All 20 children (100%) had the typical "molar tooth sign" and "midline cleft syndrome" on head images, and 6 children (30%) had abnormal eye examination results. Genetic testing was performed on 7 children and revealed 6 pathogenic genes, i.e., the CPLANE1, RPGRIP1L, MKS1, CC2D2A, CEP120, and AHI1 genes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#For children with developmental delay, especially those with abnormal eye movement and hypotonia, it is recommended to perform a head imaging examination to determine the presence or absence of "molar tooth sign" and "midline cleft syndrome", so as to screen for JS to avoid missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. There are many pathogenic genes for JS, and whole-exome sequencing can assist in the diagnosis of JS.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Cerebellum , Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/genetics , Eye Abnormalities/genetics , Retina , Retrospective Studies , Muscle Hypotonia/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 32-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969739

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact of non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) on the global cognitive function and executive function of patients without dementia, and to observe the differences between different types of AF. Methods: This research is a prospective and cross-sectional study. Non-dementia patients admitted to the department of neurology in the third people's hospital of Chengdu from July 2018 to July 2019 were included. Patients with non-valvular AF were included in the AF group and those with sinus rhythm were included in the control group. General clinical data and compared global cognitive function (mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and montreal cognitive assessment (MOCA)) and executive function (shape trails test (STT) and stroop color and word test (SCWT)) data were obtained and compared between 2 groups, and between different AF type groups. Results: A total of 386 participants were included, including 203 in AF group (52.6%), age was 68 (63, 71) years old, 119 were male (58.6%) and 183 in control group, age was 68 (63, 71) years old, 101 were male (55.2%). MMSE(28 (27, 29)) and MOCA (25 (22, 26)) scores were lower in AF group than those in control group (P<0.05), while STT-A time (84 (64, 140) s), STT-B time (248 (184, 351) s), STT time difference((159 (106, 245) s), SCWT-A time (50 (50, 50) s), SCWT-B time (55 (46, 63) s), SCWT-C time (100 (86, 120) s) and SCWT time interference (46 (34, 65) s) were higher than those in control group (P<0.05). Moreover, there was no difference in above indexes between paroxysmal AF and non-paroxysmal AF. Conclusion: The global cognitive function and executive function of patients with non-valvular AF are both decreased, while there is no obvious difference of the global cognitive function and executive function between paroxysmal AF and non-paroxysmal AF patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Executive Function , Prospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cognition Disorders/diagnosis , Cognition
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 709-715, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) and quality of life, the association between CMD and perceived stress, and the mediation effect of perceived stress on the association between CMD and quality of life, and to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of CMD and the improvement of quality of life in these patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Data were collected by the employees' physical examination of a company in Xi'an in 2021. Multiple linear regression models were used to analyze the association between the status of CMD (divided into three categories: no CMD, presence of one kind of CMD, and with≥2 kinds of CMD (≥2 kinds of CMD were defined as cardiometabolic multimorbidity (CMM)), quality of life, and perceived stress. Mediation analysis with a multi-categorical independent variable was conducted to determine the mediation effect of perceived stress on the association between CMD and quality of life. Results: Among all 4 272 participants, 1 457 (34.1%) participants had one kind of CMD and 677 (15.8%) participants had CMM. The average scores for quality of life and perceived stress were (57.5±15.7) and (16.9±7.9), respectively. Compared with participants without CMD, after adjusting for demographic and lifestyle factors, no statistically significant associations were observed between one kind of CMD and perceived stress or quality of life (both P>0.05). Perceived stress did not mediate the association between one kind of CMD and quality of life. However, participants with CMM had lower quality of life and higher perceived stress than participants without CMD. The relative total effect coefficient c (95%CI) and the relative direct effect coefficient c' (95%CI) between CMM and quality of life were -3.71 (-5.04--2.37) and -2.52 (-3.81--1.24) (both P<0.05), respectively. The relative indirect effect coefficient a2b (95%CI) of perceived stress on the association between CMM and quality of life was -1.18 (-1.62--0.77) (P<0.05). The mediation effect size was 31.8%. Conclusions: CMM is negatively associated with quality of life and positively associated with perceived stress. Perceived stress partially mediates the association between CMM and quality of life. Our results suggest that, in addition to preventing and treating CMM actively, efforts should be taken to relieve the perceived stress of people with CMM to improve their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Stress, Psychological
9.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 515-518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984562

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of Kangfuxin solution combined with lidocaine and gentamicin in the treatment of oral ulcers. Method A total of 120 patients with oral ulcer admitted to Tongzhou District Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital of Beijing from May 2019 to July 2021 were selected and divided into observation group and control group randomly. 58 patients were treated with lidocaine as a control group and 62 patients in the observation group were treated with Kangfuxin solution combined with lidocaine and gentamicin. The clinical efficacy, including oral ulcer condition, visual analogue scale (VAS score) after 3d and 5d of treatment, inflammatory factor levels and adverse reactions were observed and compared between the two groups before and after treatment. Results The overall effective rate of the treatment group (95.12%) was higher than that of the control group (74.36%) and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The ulcer area, ulcer healing time, and chewing improvement period were remarkably reduced compared with those in the control group (P<0.05). The VAS scores after 3d and 5d of treatment, the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions (3.22%) between the observation group and the control group (6.90%) (P>0.05). Conclusion Kangfuxin solution combined with lidocaine and gentamicin showed better curative effect on oral ulcer. This treatment regimen could effectively ameliorate various clinical symptoms of patients with oral ulcer, reduce patient pain and downregulate the levels of inflammatory factors, and help patients recover with high safety profile.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 469-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990063

ABSTRACT

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in children used to be manifested as emaciation, and overweight and obese children with T1DM are less observed.Therefore, these special population has not been concerned.However, in recent years, with the increase in the prevalence of T1DM in children, the rates of overweight and obese children with T1DM have on the rise.Overweight and obesity not only affect the growth and development of children, but also increases the risk of complications of T1DM that negatively affect the prognosis.Therefore, overweight and obesity have become a new problem in the long-term management of T1DM.This review aims to summarize the influencing factors for overweight and obesity in children with T1DM during follow-up, thus highlighting the management of the special population.This review provides reference for the monitoring of risk population of children with T1DM, timely performing clinical management and optimizing the therapeutic strategy of T1DM.

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 842-847, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014080

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the inhibitory effect of kappa-opioid receptor(κ-OR)stimulation on extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway on ET-1-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in vitro cultured myocardial cells from neonatal rats.Methods Myocardial cells of neonatal rats were cultured in vitro.The hypertrophic myocytes were induced by ET-1(10 nmol·L-1)before κ-OR agonist U50488H(1 μmol·L-1)was administered.The antihypertrophic effect of κ-OR stimulation was observed in the presence of U0126(1μmol·L-1), Ro-31-8220(50 nmol·L-1)and PTX(5 mg·L-1).The cardiomyocytes volume was measured by computer photographalysis system.The relative expression of ERK1/2 was determined by Western blot.The morphological changes in cardiomyocytes were observed under an inverted phase contrast microscope.The expression of mRNA of atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP)was determined by RT-PCR.Results Compared with normal control group, ET-1 could induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.Compared with ET-1 model group, U50488H(1 μmol·L-1)could obviously inhibit ET-1-induced increase of the cardiomyocytes volume, expression of ANPmRNA and expression of ERK1/2, which was similar to U0126(1 μmol·L-1)and Ro-31-8220(50 nmol·L-1); however, the inhibitory effects of U50488H were partly lost when preincubated with U0126(1 μmol·L-1)and Ro-31-8220(50 nmol·L-1); the inhibitory effects of U50488H, U0126(1 μmol·L-1)and Ro-31-8220(50 nmol·L-1)were lost when preincubated with NOR-BNI.Conclusion The stimulation of kappa-opiod can inhibit myocardial hypertrophy induced by ET-1, which is possibly via attenuating ERK1/2.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1989-1994, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928137

ABSTRACT

Toxicity-attenuating compatibility is an effective measure to ensure the safety of Chinese medicine. Involving the origin, processing method, compatibility mode, and dosage, it faces multiple challenges, such as the uncertainty of toxic substances, toxicity latency, indefinite safe dose, complex toxicity-efficacy relationship, and individual difference. As a result, research on clinical safety of Chinese medicine is limited by the consistency at "molecular-cellular-organ-overall" levels, unclear interaction of multiple medicinals and multiple substances, the "toxicity-efficacy-compatibility-syndrome" correlation, and the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" conversion law. Therefore, following the principle of "starting from the clinical practice, verifying via the theoretical basis, and finally applying in clinical practice", we verified the toxicity at "molecular-cellular-organ-overall" levels, revealed the interaction of multiple medicinals and substances, collected evidence at multiple levels, clarified the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" relationship, and tested the consistency between basic and clinical biomarkers. On this basis, we studied the toxicity-alleviating and efficacy-enhancing(preserving) compatibility characteristics, the fate of one medicinal and multiple medicinals in vivo, the molecular mechanism of toxicity, the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" conversion law, and the clinical characteristics of toxic traditional Chinese medicine based on disease and syndrome. The three mechanisms of toxicity-attenuating compatibility reflect the seven-reaction theory in Chinese medicine compatibility. Finally, the strategies for safe use of Chinese medicine were proposed.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 392-402, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927981

ABSTRACT

Obvious epigenetic differentiation occurred on Lycium barbarum in different cultivation areas in China. To investigate the difference and change rule of DNA methylation level and pattern of L. barbarum from different cultivation areas in China, the present study employed fluorescence-assisted methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism(MSAP) to analyze the methylation level and polymorphism of 53 genomic DNA samples from Yinchuan Plain in Ningxia, Bayannur city in Inner Mongolia, Jingyuan county and Yumen city in Gansu, Delingha city in Qinghai, and Jinghe county in Xinjiang. The MSAP technical system suitable for the methylation analysis of L. barbarum genomic DNA was established and ten pairs of selective primers were selected. Among amplified 5'-CCGG-3' methylated sites, there were 35.85% full-methylated sites and 39.88% hemi-methylated sites, showing a high degree of epigenetic differentiation. Stoichiometric analysis showed that the ecological environment was the main factor affecting the epigenetic characteristics of L. barbarum, followed by cultivated varieties. Precipitation, air temperature, and soil pH were the main ecological factors affecting DNA methylation in different areas. This study provided a theoretical basis for the analysis of the epigenetic mechanism of L. barbarum to adapt to the diffe-rent ecological environments and research ideas for the introduction, cultivation, and germplasm traceability of L. barbarum.


Subject(s)
China , DNA Methylation , DNA Primers , Epigenesis, Genetic , Lycium/genetics
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 287-289, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927375

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To examine the bone proportional measurement standard on the chest and abdomen of modern women.@*METHODS@#The height, weight and distances of bone proportional measurement chest and abdomen of 101 young females were measured. The height was divided by 75 to calculate the data of bone proportional measurement, and compared with the national standard published in 2006 and the ancient literature of Miraculous Pivot: Gudu.@*RESULTS@#The bone proportional distances between two nipples and two coracoid processes of women were 8 cun and 12 cun respectively, which were in line with the 2006 national standard. The bone proportional distance from navel to superior margin of pubic symphysis (Qugu) was 6.5 cun, which was consistent with the ancient literature of Miraculous Pivot: Gudu. The bone proportional distance from suprasternal fossa to the middle point of xiphisternal synchondrosis (Qigu) was less than 9 cun, while the bone proportional distance from Qigu to navel was more than 8 cun, resulting in the ratio less than 9︰8. The bone proportional distance from suprasternal fossa to the middle point of xiphoid process was 9 cun, corresponding to the ratio of 9︰8 when comparing with the measurement from the middle point of xiphoid process to navel.@*CONCLUSION@#The bone proportional distance measurement between two nipples and two coracoid processes of women should follow the 2006 national standard, and the bone proportional distance measurement from navel to superior margin of pubic symphysis should follow the standard of Miraculous Pivot: Gudu. The middle point of xiphisternal synchondrosis should be replaced by the middle point of xiphoid process.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Abdomen , Abdominal Cavity , Acupuncture Points , Bone and Bones , Umbilicus
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 51-57, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics and rules of acupoint sensitization phenomena based on knee osteoarthritis (KOA), one of the clinical dominant diseases of acupuncture-moxibustion.@*METHODS@#In combination with literature and expert experiences, the acupoints with the highest use frequency in treatment of KOA were screened, e.g. Heding (EX-LE 2), Liangqiu (ST 34), Mingmen (GV 4), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Ququan (LR 8) and Dubi (ST 35). In 814 patients with KOA and 217 healthy subjects, the acupoint temperature, mechanic pain threshold and pressure pain threshold were detected separately. Using machine learning method, the sensitization was judged at each acupoint.@*RESULTS@#Compared with healthy subjects, the acupoint temperature was increased and the mechanic pain threshold and pressure pain threshold were reduced in KOA patients (P<0.05). Besides, the cut-off value was presented to distinguish whether the acupoint was sensitized or not. The results of machine learning showed that the highest prediction accuracy of acupoint sensitization was 86.7% (Shenshu [BL 23]) and the lowest one was 73.9% (Heding [EX LE 2]). The prediction accuracy at the third clinical stage trial was higher, the highest was 93.3% (Ququan [LR 8]) in KOA patients.@*CONCLUSION@#It is confirmed that the acupoint sensitization reflects the characteristics of disease and is correlative with the conditions of illness, which may provide the reference for the auxiliary diagnosis and condition assessment of KOA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Treatment Outcome
16.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 859-863, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989168

ABSTRACT

Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) refers to a series of pathological, imaging and clinical syndrome caused by various etiologies affecting cerebral arterioles, venules and capillaries. The main imaging features of CSVD include white matter hyperintensities, cerebral microbleeds, lacunar cerebral infarction, enlarged perivascular space, and brain atrophy. Deep medullary veins (DMVs) are small parenchymal veins around the lateral ventricle, which participate in the venous return from deep white matter veins to subependymal veins. In recent years, more and more studies have shown that DMVs are closely associated with the occurrence and development of CSVD. This article reviews the role of DMVs in CSVD, and provides ideas for further exploring the pathogenesis and imaging markers of CSVD.

17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 558-562, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940960

ABSTRACT

Studies have shown that autoimmune disease (AID)-related ulcers are disease complications that lead to serious poor prognosis such as infection and disability. It is difficult to make a clear diagnosis and there are contradictions between the applications of immunosuppressive therapy and anti-infectious therapy. Improper diagnosis and immunosuppressive therapy can easily delay the timing of anti-infectious therapy and surgery for patients, which bring adverse effects on the prognosis of patients. This paper reviews the concept, clinical characteristics and treatment suggestions of each subtype of AID-related ulcers, in order to provide more ideas for AID-related ulcers' clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases/therapy , Ulcer/complications
18.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1191-1196, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958642

ABSTRACT

Schizophrenia is a serious mental disease. The diagnosis of schizophrenia so far relies heavily on subjective evidence, including self-reported experiences by patients, manifestations described by relatives, and abnormal behaviors assessed by psychiatrists. The diagnosis, monitoring of the disease progression and therapy efficacy assessment are challenging due to the lack of established laboratory biomarkers. Based on the current literature, clinical consensus, guidelines, and expert recommendations, this review highlighted evidence-based potential laboratory biomarkers for the diagnosis of schizophrenia, including genetic biomarkers, neurotransmitters, neurodevelopmental-related proteins, and intestinal flora, and discussed the potential future directions for the application of these biomarkers in this field, aiming to provide an objective basis for the use of these biomarkers in the early and accurate diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis and rehabilitation assessment of schizophrenia.

19.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 466-471, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957865

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinicopathological features of end-stage lung disease complicated with neuroendocrine carcinoma after lung transplantation (LT).Methods:From April 2017 to December 2021, 5 cases of neuroendocrine cancer were diagnosed as end-stage lung disease by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and immunohistochemical stain.Clinical follow-up data, histological characteristics and immunophenotyping were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The ratio of male-to-female in five recipients was 4: 1 and the average age 64(56-73) years.Three cases were idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis concomitant with small cell carcinoma (including 1 case of combined small cell carcinoma), bronchiectasis plus carcinoid carcinoma (n=1) and connective tissue disease-related fibrosis plus carcinoid carcinoma (n=1). HE stain indicated that morphological spectrum changed from neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia to carcinoid in transplanted lung of bronchiectasis.Immunohistochemical stain indicated that neuroendocrine markers CgA, Syn, CD56 and epithelial markers AE1/AE3, TTF-1 were positive for small cell carcinoma and carcinoid.Ki-67 index of small cell carcinoma (n=2) and combined small cell carcinoma (n=1) was 80% and Ki-67 index of carcinoid (n=2) was ≤1%.Until the last follow-up, 3/5 patients survived and the remaining 2 died of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Corynebacterium striatus and Acinetobacter baumannii infections at Days 33 and 196 post-transplantation.Conclusions:Neuroendocrine carcinoma in transplanted lung is more common in elderly males and end-stage lung disease is mostly idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.Small cell carcinoma is a major type of neuroendocrine carcinoma.Specific neuroendocrine markers and TTF-1 aid in a definite diagnosis of neuroendocrine carcinoma.Postoperative infection is an important prognostic factor.

20.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 370-376, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933456

ABSTRACT

Adult-onset Still′s disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic autoinflammatory disorder. In China, standardized diagnosis and treatment for AOSD is insufficient. Based on the evidence from China and other countries, Chinese Rheumatology Association developed standardization of diagnosis and treatment of AOSD in China. The purpose is to standardize the methods for diagnosis of AOSD, treatment strategies, and reduce misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis and irreversible damage.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL