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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907149

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the potential mechanism of Erchen decoction in the treatment of obese polycystic ovary syndrome and obese infertility, in order to provide theoretical basis for “treating different diseases with same method”. Methods The active ingredients and targets of Erchen decoction were obtained from TCMSP database, and the targets of obese polycystic ovary syndromes and obese infertility were obtained from GeneCard database. Active ingredient-target network was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.1, and protein-protein interaction network and core target were obtained from STRING. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis were performed by Cytoscape 3.7.1 and online software. Results 125 ingredients and 218 targets of Erchen decoction were obtained. There were 2 783 target genes for obese infertility and 2 962 target genes for obese polycystic ovary syndrome. Erchen decoction has a total of 117 target genes in the treatment of obese infertility and obese polycystic ovary syndromes, which proves the principle of “treating different diseases with same method”. Potential active ingredients include quercetin, kaempferol, naringin, baicalin and formononetin. PPI showed that STAT3, JUN, AKT1, MAPK3, MAPK1, MAPK14, IL-6 and FOS were the core targets of “treating different diseases with same method”. Molecular docking results showed that quercetin, kaempferol, etc. had good binding ability with JUN. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis showed that AGE-RAGE signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway and endocrine resistance might be the key pathways for the “treating different diseases with same method” of Erchen decoction. Conclusion Erchen decoction treating "different diseases with same method" involves same targets and same pathways, which can provide reference for future experimental research.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928057

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to study the effect of Xiangqin Jiere Granules(XQ) on lipid metabolism and chronic inflammation in different obesity model mice. The monosodium glutamate(MSG) obese mouse model was established by subcutaneous injection of MSG in newborn mice, and the high fat diet(HFD) obese mouse model was established by feeding adult mice with HFD. The normal mice were assigned into the control group; the MSG obese mice were assigned into MSG model group, XQ4.5 group(Xiangqin Jiere Granu-les, 4.5 g·kg~(-1)), XQ22.5 group(Xiangqin Jiere Granules, 22.5 g·kg~(-1)); the HFD obese mice were assigned into HFD model group, XQ4.5 group, and XQ22.5 group. The mice were intragastrically administrated with saline or XQ for 5 weeks. After that, the body weight, visceral fat mass, liver and thymus weight, and the organ indexes in each group were measured. The levels of triglyceride(TG), total cholesterol(TC), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c) in serum and liver tissue were detected by the kits. The mRNA expression levels of acetyl CoA carboxylase 1(ACC1), fatty acid synthetase(FAS), diacylgycerol acyltransferase 1(DGAT1) and hepatic lipase(HTGL) involved in lipid metabolism in mouse liver tissue were detected by quantitative real-time PCR(qPCR). The protein levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6) in serum were detected by ELISA, and the mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in liver tissue were detected by qPCR. Compared with the control group, MSG and HFD mice showed increased body weight, abdominal circumference, Lee index and visceral fat mass as well as elevated levels of TG, TC, and LDL-c in serum. The model mice had up-regulated gene levels of ACC1, FAS and DGAT1 while down-regulated gene level of HTGL in the liver. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein levels of IL-6 increased in the model mice. Compared with the model mice, XQ treatment decreased the body weight, abdominal circumference, Lee index, and visceral fat mass, lowered the levels of TG, TC, and LDL-c in se-rum, down-regulated the gene levels of ACC1, FAS, and DGAT1 in liver tissue, up-regulated the gene level of HTGL, and down-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of IL-6. To sum up, XQ has good therapeutic effect on different obesity model mice. It can improve lipid metabolism and reduce fat accumulation in obese mice by regulating the enzymes involved in lipid metabolism, and alleviate obesity-related chronic low-grade inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Inflammation/metabolism , Lipid Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Obese , Obesity/genetics
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924924

ABSTRACT

Background@#The onset and progression of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is closely related to autoimmunity. Effective monitoring of the immune system and developing targeted therapies are frontier fields in T1DM treatment. Currently, the most available tissue that reflects the immune system is peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Thus, the aim of this study was to identify key PBMC biomarkers of T1DM. @*Methods@#Common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets GSE9006, GSE72377, and GSE55098, and PBMC mRNA expression in T1DM patients was compared with that in healthy participants by GEO2R. Gene Ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analyses of DEGs were performed using the Cytoscape, DAVID, and STRING databases. The vital hub genes were validated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using clinical samples. The disease-gene-drug interaction network was built using the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD) and Drug Gene Interaction Database (DGIdb). @*Results@#We found that various biological functions or pathways related to the immune system and glucose metabolism changed in PBMCs from T1DM patients. In the PPI network, the DEGs of module 1 were significantly enriched in processes including inflammatory and immune responses and in pathways of proteoglycans in cancer. Moreover, we focused on four vital hub genes, namely, chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL1), matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP9), and granzyme B (GZMB), and confirmed them in clinical PBMC samples. Furthermore, the disease-gene-drug interaction network revealed the potential of key genes as reference markers in T1DM. @*Conclusion@#These results provide new insight into T1DM pathogenesis and novel biomarkers that could be widely representative reference indicators or potential therapeutic targets for clinical applications.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874621

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, which the mechanisms behind its initiation and development are related to many factors. DMSCs (dermal mesenchymal stem cells) represent an important member of the skin microenvironment and play an important role in the surrounding environment and in neighbouring cells, but they are also affected by the microenvironment. We studied the glucose metabolism of DMSCs in psoriasis patients and a control group to reveal the relationship among glucose metabolism, cell proliferation activity,and VEC (vascular endothelial cell) differentiation in vitro, we demonstrated the biological activity and molecular mechanisms of DMSCs in psoriasis. @*Methods@#and Results: We found that the OCR of DMSCs in psoriatic lesions was higher than that in the control group, and mRNA of GLUT1 and HK2 were up-regulated compared with the control group. The proliferative activity of DMSCs in psoriasis was reduced at an early stage, and mRNA involved in proliferation, JUNB and FOS were expressed at lower levels than those in the control group. The number of blood vessels in psoriatic lesions was significantly higher than that in the control group (p<0.05), which the mRNA of VEC differentiation, CXCL12, CXCR7, HEYL and RGS5 tended to be increased in psoriatic lesions compared to the control group, in addition to Notch3. @*Conclusions@#We speculated that DMSCs affected local psoriatic blood vessels through glucose metabolism, and the differentiation of VECs, which resulted in the pathophysiological process of psoriasis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910121

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the diagnostic values of C-TIRADS, ACR-TIRADS and EU-TIRADS.Methods:According to the classification methods of the 3 guidelines, the ultrasonographic features of 283 thyroid nodules from 266 patients in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital from January 2019 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The pathological results were taken as the gold standard, the malignant percentage of different classification was calculated, the ROC curve was plotted, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) and the best diagnostic cut-off value were calculated, and the diagnostic values of the three guidelines were compared. According to the FNA recommendations of the guidelines, the recommended number of thyroid nodules and the detection rate of malignant nodules in different guidelines were analyzed.Results:The AUCs of C-TIRADS, ACR-TIRADS and EU-TIRADS were 0.80, 0.66, 0.61, respectively. The AUC of C-TIRADS was higher than those of ACR-TIRADS and EU-TIRADS ( P<0.001, P<0.001). The best diagnostic cutoff values of C-TIRADS, ACR-TIRADS and EU-TIRADS were 4C, 5 and 5, respectively. Under the critical points, the sensitivities of the 3 guidelines were 95.27%, 98.10%, 99.53%, the specificities were 54.17%, 33.33%, 20.83%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the number of FNA recommendations among the 3 guidelines(all P>0.05), their FNA recommendations were highly consistent (Kappa>0.9). Conclusions:The diagnostic value of C-TIRADS in the classification of benign and malignant thyroid nodules is higher than those of ACR-TIRADS and EU-TIRADS. The best critical value for diagnosis of thyroid nodules is C-TIRADS 4C. The three guidelines are similar in the number of FNA recommendations and the detection rate of malignancy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences in imaging characteristics and risk factors for mortality between the young and middle-aged and elderly patients with aortic dissection.Methods:The data from 1 220 patients with aortic dissection from January 2007 to December 2015 were successively collected. They were divided into young and middle-aged and elderly groups according to their ages. The basic information, computer comography angiography and echocardiogram results, hospital admissions and surgical details were collected and compared between the two groups using single variable regression analysis.Results:The ratio of female patients in the middle-aged and elderly group (>45 years old) was significantly higher than that of the young group (≤45 years old) (24.9% vs 18.7%, P=0.014), the ratio of hypertension patients was also significantly higher than that in the young group (77.5% vs 68.1%, P<0.001). Echocardiographic parameters showed that the prevalences of left ventricular enlargement (39.9% vs 26.9%) and left ventricular dysfunction (22.3% vs 14.1%) in the young group were significantly higher than in the middle-aged and elderly group (all P<0.001). The prevalences of ascending aorta dilation [(43.04±9.12)mm vs (41.69±10.99)mm] and thrombosis (39.1% vs 28.5%) were higher ( P<0.05). Although there was no statistically significant difference in mortality within 60 days after admission between the two groups (12.0% vs 15.1%, P=0.164), univariate regression analysis showed that aortic branch involvement was the main independent risk factor for mortality in young patients. Left ventricular remodeling (left atrial enlargement, ascending aortic dilation, aortic regurgitation) and decreased heart function were the main independent risk factors for death in the elderly patients. Conclusions:The mortality rate of young and middle-aged and elderly patients with aortic dissection are comparable, but the influencing factors are different. Screening out the relevant risk factors that affect the survival rate of the two groups, and conducting targeted prevention and intervention on them areof great significance to improve the survival rate of patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the implementation method of case teaching in pharmacology teaching according to the standards of golden course.Methods:The students from Batch 2017 clinical medical students in our university were selected as the research objects, and randomized into the control group ( n=121) and the case teaching group ( n=171). The control group used online learning and traditional lecture, and the case teaching group adopted the online teaching and case teaching methods. And the teaching effect was evaluated by questionnaire survey and final performance analysis. Results:Compared with control group, the case teaching group had better final performance ( P<0.01). The questionnaire survey showed that the case teaching improved the learning interest of students and also enhanced their application ability of the knowledge ( P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusion:Case teaching has achieved good teaching effect in pharmacology teaching.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907391

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is an important risk factor for ischemic stroke. The glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level reflects the mean blood glucose level in the past 8-12 weeks. It is a detection index of abnormal glucose metabolism and chronic hyperglycemia. Some studies have shown that high HbA1c is associated with the poor outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke, including patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular mechanical thrombectomy. This article reviews the relationship between HbA1c and the outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effect of polysaccharides from Plantaginis Semen (PSP) against renal injury in rats with membranous nephropathy (MN) and its influence on the gut microbiota to provide a theoretical basis for the further investigation of PSP in the treatment of MN. Method:The MN model was induced by tail vein injection of cationic bovine serum albumin (C-BSA, 3.5 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) in rats with a modeling period of seven weeks. At the 4th week of modeling, the model rats were divided into a model group, a positive drug group (benazepril hydrochloride, 10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), a PSP high-dose group (PSP-H, 800 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), a PSP medium-dose group (PSP-M, 400 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), and a PSP low-dose group (PSP-L, 200 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) according to the random number table, with 10 in each group. Ten healthy rats were assigned to the normal control group. The rats in the normal control group and the control group received an equal amount of physiological saline by gavage, and those in the groups with drug intervention were administered correspondingly,once a day,for consecutive four weeks. The pathological changes of rat kidney and colon tissues were observed by optical microscopy. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the content of tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>) and interleukin-1<italic>β </italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) in the serum and colon tissues. The immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect the protein expression of TNF-<italic>α </italic>and IL-1<italic>β </italic>in renal tissues. The 16S rRNA sequencing method was used to investigate the effect of PSP on the gut microbiota in MN rats. Result:Compared with the normal control group, the model group showed enlarged glomeruli, thickened basement membrane, atrophied colonic gland, increased TNF-<italic>α</italic> and IL-1<italic>β</italic> in the serum and colon tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and elevated protein expression of TNF-<italic>α</italic> and IL-1<italic>β </italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the positive drug group and the PSP-H group displayed shrunk glomerular capsules, relieved basement membrane thickening, and neatly arranged colonic mucosa in colon tissues, while the PSP-M and PSP-L groups were inferior in improving renal tissues and colon tissues. Additionally, the PSP-H and PSP-M groups showed declining TNF-<italic>α</italic> and IL-1<italic>β</italic> in the serum and colon tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and dwindled protein expression of TNF-<italic>α</italic> and IL-1<italic>β </italic>in the renal tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01). No significant difference was observed in the PSP-L group. Compared with the normal control group, the model group showed increased abundance of Firmicutes and decreased abundance of Bacteroidetes. After PSP intervention, the abundance of Firmicutes was decreased, while that of Bacteroidetes was increased, and such changes were predominant in the PSP-H group. Conclusion:PSP can effectively alleviate renal injury, reduce the expression of inflammatory factors, regulate the structure of gut microbiota, and improve the damaged intestinal barrier of MN rats.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1555-1559, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904606

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the interaction of fat mass (FM) and fat free mass (FFM) on the aggregation of cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVRFs) among children and adolescents in Yinchuan City, China, so as to provide scientific basis for the prevention of CVRFs and cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 1 822 children and adolescents aged 12 to 18 years in Yinchuan City were randomly selected for questionnaire survey, physical examination, body composition assessment and laboratory tests, through a cluster sampling method from 2017 to 2020. Binary Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between FM, FFM and the aggregation of CVRFs, and their interaction was analyzed.@*Results@#After adjusting for sex and age, the risk of having CVRFs aggregation ≥1 in high FM and low FFM group and high FM and high FFM group was 2.01(95% CI =1.46-2.77) and 3.64(95% CI =2.66-4.98) times higher than that in low FM and low FFM group, and the risk of having CVRFs aggregation ≥2 was 1.67(95% CI =1.06-2.63) and 4.20 (95% CI =2.76-6.38) times, respectively( P <0.05). There was a multiplicative interaction between FM and FFM, which increased the risk of CVRFs aggregration ≥1 and ≥2. The adjusted OR and 95% CI were 1.58(1.04-2.40) and 1.95(1.12-3.42), respectively( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The results indicated the additive and multiplicative interactions between high levels of fat mass and fat free mass on the aggregation of cardiovascular risk factors, which increased the risk of aggregation of cardiovascular risk factors.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2248-2253, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886807

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE :To est ablish the method for the determination of 20(S)-protopanaxadiol(PPD)concentration in human plasma. METHODS :Plasma samples were precipitated with acetonitrile and determined by UPLC-MS/MS ,using finandrogen as internal standard. The determination was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC HSS T 3 column with mobile phase consisted of 5 mmol/L ammonium bicarbonate aqueous solution-acetonitrile (gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 40 ℃,and sample size was 10 μL. The ion source was electrospray ion source,and negative ion scanning was carried out with multiple reaction monitoring mode . The ion pairs used for quantitative analysis were m/z 459.40→ 375.20(PPD)and m/z 371.30→315.30(internal standard ). At the same time ,the method was applied to the determination of clinical samples. RESULTS :The linear range of PPD was 0.25-30.00 ng/mL(r=0.999 2),and the limit of quantitation was 0.25 ng/mL. RSDs of intra-batch and inter-batch were all lower than 10%,and relative errors (RE)were -14.61%-12.69%. Extraction method and matrix effect did not affect the quantitative determination of PPD. In ginsenoside CK 100 mg group ,ginsenoside CK 200 mg group and ginsenoside CK 300 mg group ,mean cmax of patients with rheumatoid arthritis after oral administration of corresponding drugs were 18.06,30.03,27.00 ng/mL;median tmax were 12.0,6.0,12.0 h;mean AUC 0-t were 622.52,668.15, 1 155.97 ng·h/mL. CONCLUTIONS :The method for the determination of PPD concentration in human plasma is successfully established. The method is sensitive ,accurate, kq1907011) stable,easy to operate and less plasma consumption. It can be used for the quantitative determination of clinical samples.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884600

ABSTRACT

Hypothyroidism is a common complication in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy, and its incidence is mainly associated with clinical factors, such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, sex, age and clinical stage, etc. The normal tissue complication probability models of radiation-induced hypothyroidism can be established by using related factors, which can be employed to screen the high-risk patients. In this article, clinical factors related to radiation-induced hypothyroidism were summarized, aiming to prevent the early radiation-induced hypothyroidism, reduce the incidence of hypothyroidism and improve the quality of life of patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the main factors of hypothyroidism after radiotherapy and to identify the optimal thyroid dosimetric parameters by analyzing the dosimetric parameters of the thyroid.Methods:The general clinical characteristics and dosimetric parameters of 206 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated in Cancer Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences were collected, and the correlation between them and the incidence of hypothyroidism was analyzed.Results:The incidence of hypothyroidism in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy was 50.49%(104/206). Univariate analysis showed that gender, N-stage, volume, mean dose, V 20Gy, V 25Gy, V 30Gy, V 35Gy, V 40Gy, V 45Gy of thyroid were associated with the incidence of hypothyroidism. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that volume (≤12.82 cm 3) and mean dose of thyroid were the independent risk factors of hypothyroidism. Mean dose of thyroid combined with volume could significantly predict the incidence of hypothyroidism after radiotherapy. Conclusion:Mean dose of thyroid ≤ 47.21 Gy is the optimal dosimetric parameter for radiation-induced hypothyroidism, especially the patients with thyroid volume ≤ 12.82 cm 3 should pay more attention to the protection of thyroid gland during radiotherapy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884351

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical and prognostic characteristics of ovarian endometrioid carcinoma (OEC) patients with synchronous endometrial lesions and patients with pure OEC.Methods:A retrospective review of the medical records of patients received initial treatment and a postoperative pathological diagnosis of OEC at Peking University People′s Hospital between August 1998 and December 2017 were performed. According to the inclusion criteria, a total of 56 patients with OEC were included in the study, including 13 patients concurrent with simultaneous endometrial lesions (Group A) and 43 patients with pure OEC (Group B).Results:Patients with synchronous endometrial lesions accounted for 23% (13/56). Mean age of Group A at diagnosis was (44.9±8.3) years old, 2/13 of patients were postmenopausal, and no one had a history of hypertension, the first symptom of 5/13 people was irregular vaginal bleeding. Mean age of Group B patients at diagnosis was (52.7±10.2) years old, 53% (23/43) of patients were postmenopausal, and 28% (12/43) patients had the history of hypertension, the first symptom of 4 (9%, 4/43) people was irregular vaginal bleeding. The differences of age, menopause status, history of hypertension and initial symptoms between the two groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in fertility history, dysmenorrhea history, age of menarche, history of endometriosis, preoperative and postoperative CA 125 level, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, tumor grade, metastatic site and platinum-based chemotherapy drug resistance between the two groups (all P>0.05). The overall 5-year survival rate of OEC patients was 91.6%, and the overall 5-year progression-free survival rate was 76.6%. Among them, the 5-year survival rate of the OEC concurrent with simultaneous endometrial lesions group was 80.2%, and the pure OEC group was 93.4%; the 5-year progression-free survival rate of the OEC concurrent with simultaneous endometrial lesions group was 74.1%, and the 5-year progression-free survival rate of the pure OEC group was 77.3%. There were no significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the independent factors for the prognosis of OEC patients were FIGO stage ( P=0.006) and residual lesion size ( P=0.020). Conclusions:OEC patients have a high proportion of simultaneous endometrial lesions. OEC with simultaneous endometrial lesions are younger than patients with pure OEC. Synchronous endometrial lesions do not affect the prognosis of patients with OEC.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884292

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the prediction model of postoperative Gleason score (GS) risk of prostatic cancer (PCa), and to compare the diagnostic efficacy of the model and each independent risk factor for PCa medium-high risk group.Methods:The clinical data of 362 patients who accepted transrectal prostate biopsy in the Run Run Shaw Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2018 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, and a total of 343 patients with prostate cancer who met the enrollment criteria were selected. According to the GS grading system, these patients were divided into low risk group, moderate risk group and high risk group. At first, the single factor analysis and Spearman rank correlation were used to find out the effective indicators with good correlation with GS risk. Then, multiple linear regression equation was applied for multi-factor analysis to obtain the independent risk factors and the prediction model for predicting GS risk, and then the ROC curve was used to compare the diagnostic efficacy of each independent risk factor and prediction model for PCa medium-high risk group.Results:In the single factor analysis, the differences of all indicators in GS risk were statistically significant (all P<0.05). In the correlation analysis with GS risk, except for the indicators of prostate volume (all P>0.05), the other indexes had linear correlations with the different risks of GS (all P<0.05). Among them, the total prostate specific antigen and two-dimensional ultrasound (2D-US) score showed moderate positive correlations( rs=0.402, 0.579, all P<0.001), contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) score showed a high positive correlation ( rs=0.709, P<0.001), and the rest indexes showed low positive correlations. Multiple linear regression was used to obtain two independent risk factors of 2D-US score ( X1) and CEUS score ( X2) for the prediction of GS risk, then, a prediction model was established: Y=0.863+ 0.066 X1+ 0.27 X2, the corresponding linear coefficient differences were statistically significant(all P<0.05). By the ROC analysis, the areas under the curves of 2D-US score, CEUS score and the prediction model were 0.838, 0.906 and 0.907, respectively. Conclusions:2D-US score and CEUS score are independent risk factors for predicting postoperative GS risk, and the diagnostic efficacy of the prediction model is higher than those of the 2D-US score and CEUS score for the medium-high risk group.

16.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 111-119, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Shenyankangfu Tablet (SYKFT) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been used widely to decrease proteinuria and the progression of chronic kidney disease.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial compared the efficacy and safety of SYKFT, for the control of proteinuria in primary glomerulonephritis patients, against the standard drug, losartan potassium.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Primary glomerulonephritis patients, aged 18-70 years, with blood pressure ≤ 140/90 mmHg, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 45 mL/min per 1.73 m@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was change in the 24-hour proteinuria level, after 48 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 735 participants were enrolled. The percent decline of urine protein quantification in the SYKFT group after 48 weeks was 8.78% ± 2.56% (P = 0.006) more than that in the losartan 50 mg group, which was 0.51% ± 2.54% (P = 1.000) less than that in the losartan 100 mg group. Compared with the losartan potassium 50 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 50 mg group had a 13.39% ± 2.49% (P < 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein level. Compared with the losartan potassium 100 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 100 mg group had a 9.77% ± 2.52% (P = 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein. With a superiority threshold of 15%, neither was statistically significant. eGFR, serum creatinine and serum albumin from the baseline did not change statistically significant. The average change in TCM syndrome score between the patients who took SYKFT (-3.00 [-6.00, -2.00]) and who did not take SYKFT (-2.00 [-5.00, 0]) was statistically significant (P = 0.003). No obvious adverse reactions were observed in any group.@*CONCLUSION@#SYKFT decreased the proteinuria and improved the TCM syndrome scores of primary glomerulonephritis patients, with no change in the rate of decrease in the eGFR. SYKFT plus losartan potassium therapy decreased proteinuria more than losartan potassium therapy alone.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT02063100 on ClinicalTrials.gov.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880554

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of Huoxin Pill (, HXP) on cardiac fibrosis and heart failure (HF) in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced HF rats.@*METHODS@#Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups including control, HF, isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN), HXP low (HXP-L), and HXP high (HXP-H) groups (n=6 for each group) according to the complete randomization method. Rats were pretreated with ISMN (5 mg/kg daily), low concentration of HXP (10 mg/kg daily) or high concentration of HXP (30 mg/kg daily) or equal volume of saline by intragastric administration for 1 week, followed by intraperitoneal injection of ISO (10 mg/kg, 14 days), and continually intragastric administrated with above medicines or saline for additional 6 weeks. The effects of HXP treatment on the cardiac function, heart weight index (HWI), pathological changes, and collagen content were further assessed. Moreover, the role of HXP on activation of transforming growth factor- β 1 (TGF-β 1)/Smads pathway was further explored using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Western-blot assay.@*RESULTS@#HXP treatment significantly alleviated the decrease of ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS), while decreased the elevation of left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) in ISO-induced HF rats (P<0.05). Moreover, HXP treatment obviously attenuated the increase of HWI and serum level of creatine kinase MB (CK-MB, P<0.05), as well as pathological changes in ISO-induced HF rats. Further determination indicated that HXP treatment alleviated the elevation of collagen I and collagen III protein expression in cardiac tissues of ISO-induced HF rats. Furthermore, HXP treatment significantly down-regulated the increase of TGF-β 1 and p-Smad2/3 protein expression in cardiac tissues of HF rats (P<0.05), while did not affect the expression of total Smad2/3.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HXP attenuated heart failure and cardiac fibrosis in ISO-induced HF rats by suppression of TGF-β 1/Smad2/3 pathway.

18.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 704-717, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922499

ABSTRACT

We conducted a randomized, open-label, parallel-controlled, multicenter trial on the use of Shuanghuanglian (SHL), a traditional Chinese patent medicine, in treating cases of COVID-19. A total of 176 patients received SHL by three doses (56 in low dose, 61 in middle dose, and 59 in high dose) in addition to standard care. The control group was composed of 59 patients who received standard therapy alone. Treatment with SHL was not associated with a difference from standard care in the time to disease recovery. Patients with 14-day SHL treatment had significantly higher rate in negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 in nucleic acid swab tests than the patients from the control group (93.4% vs. 73.9%, P = 0.006). Analysis of chest computed tomography images showed that treatment with high-dose SHL significantly promoted absorption of inflammatory focus of pneumonia, which was evaluated by density reduction of inflammatory focus from baseline, at day 7 (mean difference (95% CI), -46.39 (-86.83 to -5.94) HU; P = 0.025) and day 14 (mean difference (95% CI), -74.21 (-133.35 to -15.08) HU; P = 0.014). No serious adverse events occurred in the SHL groups. This study illustrated that SHL in combination with standard care was safe and partially effective for the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 619-622, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876416

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of plant and mushroom poisoning events among people aged 0-19 in Guizhou Province from 2015 to 2019, so as to provide the basis for prevention and control of food poisoning events among children and adolescents.@*Methods@#Data of people aged 0 to 19 involved in plant and mushroom poisoning incidents reported by the foodborne disease outbreak surveillance system in Guizhou Province from 2015 to 2019 were collected, verified, sorted and statistically analyzed.@*Results@#From 2015 to 2019, there were 590 cases of plant and mushroom poisoning among people aged 0 to 19 in Guizhou Province, 1 441 people were poisoned and 5 died. In May and September, family and collective dining halls were the places with the highest incidence of plant and poisonous mushroom poisoning incidents, accounting for 90.68% (535/590) of the total incidents. Poisonous mushrooms and masanberry accounted for 71.69% (423/590) of the food poisoning causes, and 5 people died of poisoning were caused by poisonous mushrooms.@*Conclusion@#In the cases of plant and mushroom poisoning among people aged 0-19 years in Guizhou Province,preschool primary and middle school students in rural areas are most vulnerable population of poisoning, so it is necessary to strengthen the publicity and education on the prevention and control of toxic plant and mushroom poisoning among children and teenagers in rural areas, so as to reduce the occurrence of relevant poisoning incidents.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 935-943, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878142

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Since 2019, a novel coronavirus named 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has emerged worldwide. Apart from fever and respiratory complications, acute kidney injury has been observed in a few patients with coronavirus disease 2019. Furthermore, according to recent findings, the virus has been detected in urine. Angiotensin-converting enzyme II (ACE2) has been proposed to serve as the receptor for the entry of 2019-nCoV, which is the same as that for the severe acute respiratory syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the possible cause of kidney damage and the potential route of 2019-nCoV infection in the urinary system.@*METHODS@#We used both published kidney and bladder cell atlas data and new independent kidney single-cell RNA sequencing data generated in-house to evaluate ACE2 gene expression in all cell types in healthy kidneys and bladders. The Pearson correlation coefficients between ACE2 and all other genes were first generated. Then, genes with r values larger than 0.1 and P values smaller than 0.01 were deemed significant co-expression genes with ACE2.@*RESULTS@#Our results showed the enriched expression of ACE2 in all subtypes of proximal tubule (PT) cells of the kidney. ACE2 expression was found in 5.12%, 5.80%, and 14.38% of the proximal convoluted tubule cells, PT cells, and proximal straight tubule cells, respectively, in three published kidney cell atlas datasets. In addition, ACE2 expression was also confirmed in 12.05%, 6.80%, and 10.20% of cells of the proximal convoluted tubule, PT, and proximal straight tubule, respectively, in our own two healthy kidney samples. For the analysis of public data from three bladder samples, ACE2 expression was low but detectable in bladder epithelial cells. Only 0.25% and 1.28% of intermediate cells and umbrella cells, respectively, had ACE2 expression.@*CONCLUSION@#This study has provided bioinformatics evidence of the potential route of 2019-nCoV infection in the urinary system.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , COVID-19 , Gene Expression , Humans , Kidney/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2 , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Single-Cell Analysis , Urinary Bladder/metabolism
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