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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928721

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and compare the effects of leukapheresis on hemostatic function in patients with hyperleukocytic leukemia.@*METHODS@#A total of 139 patients with AML, ALL and CML who underwent leukapheresis from June 2009 to February 2020 and did coagulation test before and after operation were included in this study. The clearance efficiency of each group and the difference among three groups were evaluated, as well as hemostatic function including platelet counts, coagulation indicators, CDSS score and incidence of adverse events. The difference of hemostatic function caused by leukapheresis in different leukemia patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#After leukapheresis, the WBC counts were decreased significantly in the three groups of patients (P<0.001), and the clearance efficiency was highest in ALL patients. However, the platelet counts also were decreased significantly (AML:P<0.001, ALL: P<0.001, CML: P<0.01) in the three groups of patients, particularly for acute leukemia patients with a positive correlation with WBC clearance efficiency(r=0.284). After leukapheresis, fibrinogen decreased, PT and APTT prolonged. For acute leukemia patients, higher CDSS score was related to an elevated incidence of bleeding events (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Leukapheresis is an effective method to decrease the leukemic burden, but it is necessary to monitor the impact on hemostatic function. It is recommended to assess the CDSS socre for acute leukemia patients, in order to identify the predictive value for bleedings.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Hemorrhage , Hemostatics , Humans , Leukapheresis/methods , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of modified Caprini risk assessment model(Caprini MRAM) in predicting the risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#A case-control study was used to collect 43 patients with DVT after TKA in lower limb department of Sichuan Orthopedic Hospital from January 2016 to November 2020 in the positive group, and 172 patients without DVT after TKA in the same period according to the 1∶4 ratio between positive and control group were selected in the control group. Caprini MRAM was used to score and grade the risk of DVT. The clinical data, score and risk classification of the two groups were compared. The relationship between the risk of DVT in the patients after TKA and the risk factors in the risk ckassification and assessment of Caprini MRAM was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression model.@*RESULTS@#The average score of caprini in DVT group was significantly higher than that in control group[(8.11±2.91) vs(4.07±2.12), P<0.001];DVT group was mainly at medium and high risk group(66.67%), while the control group was mainly at low risk (77.33%). There was a significant difference between the two groups in risk classification composition (P<0.001). BMI≥30 kg/m2, lower extremity edema (<1 month), severe pulmonary disease (<1 month), acute myocardial infarction (<1 month), bed rest (> 2 h), history of superficial or deep vein or pulmonary embolism and family history of thrombosis were the main risk factors for DVT in patients after TKA(all P<0.05). Preoperative D-dimer elevation (OR=4.380), BMI≥30 kg/m2(OR=2.518), lower extremity edema(<1 month)(OR=7.652), acute myocardial infarction (<1 month) (OR=1.994), bed rest (> 72 h)(OR=3.897), history of superficial or deep vein or pulmonary embolism (OR=13.517) and family history of blood embolism (OR=6.551) were independent risk factors for DVT in patients after TKA (all P<0.05). The risk of DVT was 13.457 and 2.739 times higher in high and moderate risk TKA patients with Caprini MRAM classification, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Caprini MRAM can be used to predict the risk of DVT in patients after TKA, especially for patients with high risk.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Case-Control Studies , Humans , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Venous Thrombosis/etiology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928207

ABSTRACT

Cell migration is defined as the directional movement of cells toward a specific chemical concentration gradient, which plays a crucial role in embryo development, wound healing and tumor metastasis. However, current research methods showed low flux and are only suitable for single-factor assessment, and it was difficult to comprehensively consider the effects of other parameters such as different concentration gradients on cell migration behavior. In this paper, a four-channel microfluidic chip was designed. Its characteristics were as follows: it relied on laminar flow and diffusion mechanisms to establish and maintain a concentration gradient; it was suitable for observation of cell migration in different concentration gradient environment under a single microscope field; four cell isolation zones (20 μm width) were integrated into the microfluidic device to calibrate the initial cell position, which ensured the accuracy of the experimental results. In particular, we used COMSOL Multiphysics software to simulate the structure of the chip, which demonstrated the necessity of designing S-shaped microchannel and horizontal pressure balance channel to maintain concentration gradient. Finally, neutrophils were incubated with advanced glycation end products (AGEs, 0, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0 μmol·L -1), which were closely related to diabetes mellitus and its complications. The migration behavior of incubated neutrophils was studied in the 100 nmol·L -1 of chemokine (N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenyl-alanine) concentration gradient. The results prove the reliability and practicability of the microfluidic chip.


Subject(s)
Cell Movement , Chemotaxis , Equipment Design , Lab-On-A-Chip Devices , Microfluidic Analytical Techniques , Microfluidics , Neutrophils , Reproducibility of Results
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927982

ABSTRACT

Based on ITS sequences, the molecular identification of Cordyceps cicadae and Tolypocladium dujiaolongae was carried out, and high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprint combined with chemical pattern recognition method was established to differentiate C. cicadae from its adulterant T. dujiaolongae. The genomic DNA from 10 batches of C. cicadae and five batches of T. dujiaolongae was extracted, and ITS sequences were amplified by PCR and sequenced. The stable differential sites of these two species were compared and the phylogenetic tree was constructed via MEGA 7.0. HPLC was used to establish the fingerprints of C. cicadae and T. dujiaolongae, and similarity evaluation, cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) were applied to investigate the chemical pattern recognition. The result showed that the sources of these two species were different, and there were 115 stable differential sites in ITS sequences of C. cicadae and T. dujiao-longae. The phylogenetic tree could distinguish them effectively. HPLC fingerprints of 18 batches of C. cicadae and 5 batches of T. dujiaolongae were established. The results of CA, PCA, and PLS-DA were consistent, which could distinguish them well, indicating that there were great differences in chemical components between C. cicadae and T. dujiaolongae. The results of PLS-DA showed that six components such as uridine, guanosine, adenosine, and N~6-(2-hydroxyethyl) adenosine were the main differential markers of the two species. ITS sequences and HPLC fingerprint combined with the chemical pattern recognition method can serve as the identification and differentiation methods for C. cicadae and T. dujiaolongae.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Cordyceps/genetics , Hypocreales , Phylogeny
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of acupoint injection combined with Vitalstim electrical stimulation for post-stroke dysphagia.@*METHODS@#A total of 98 patients with dysphagia after first stroke were randomized into an acupoint injection group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off), an electrical stimulation group (31 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a combination group (32 cases, 3 cases dropped off). Injection of mecobalamin into Tunyan point, Vitalstim electrical stimulation and the combination of injection of mecobalamin into Tunyan point and Vitalstim electrical stimulation were applied respectively in the 3 groups, once a day, 10 times as one course, 2 courses were required. Before and after treatment, the tongue muscle thickness and video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) score were observed in the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the tongue muscle thickness was decreased (P<0.05), the VFSS scores were increased (P<0.05) compared with before treatment in the 3 groups, and the variation of tongue muscle thickness and VFSS score in the combination group was greater than the acupoint injection group and the electrical stimulation group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both acupoint injection of mecobalamin and Vitalstim electrical stimulation have therapeutic effect on dysphagia after stroke, and the two have synergistic effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Deglutition , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Electric Stimulation , Humans , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874528

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThere is little longitudinal information on psychological burden and metabolic outcomes in young adults with diabetes (YAD) in Asia. We aimed to evaluate the association between psychological status and glycemia at baseline and 2 years following transition in a cohort of YAD in Singapore.MethodsSubjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), aged 17 to 25 years, were recruited from the YAD clinic in Singapore General Hospital. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression and Problem Areas for Diabetes scales were administered at transition (baseline) and at 18 to 24 months. Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) assessed during routine visits was tracked longitudinally.ResultsA total of 98 T1DM (74.8%) and 33 T2DM (25.2%) subjects were recruited between January 2011 and November 2017. At baseline, mean HbA1c was 8.6%±1.7%. Only 26.0% achieved HbA1c of ≤7.5% and 16.8% achieved HbA1c of P=0.009). At baseline, 9.2% of subjects had depression. This group also had poorer glycemia at baseline (HbA1c of depressed vs non-depressed: 9.6%±2.1% vs. 8.5%±1.6%, P=0.04), which persisted up to 24 months.ConclusionThe majority of YAD in Singapore have suboptimal glycemia. Psychological distress is a critical harbinger of poorer metabolic outcomes.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1803-1806, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906809

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the status of serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D[25 (OH)D] in children aged 0-6 years in Gansu Province, and to analyze the relationships between 25 (OH)D and age, seasonal characteristics and physical development, so as to provide a scientific reference for supplementing vitamin D for children in due time.@*Methods@#Stratified random cluster sampling method was used to select a total of 9 790 children aged 0-6 years from 6 cities and prefectures maternity and child health institutions in Gansu Province for health examination from January 2019 to December 2020. Serum 25 (OH)D concentration from 1 mL peripheral blood was tested by enzyme linked immunoassay. Subjects were classified into overweight and normal figure groups based on weight for height.@*Results@#the serum 25 (OH)D level M(P 25 ,P 75 ) of the children aged 0-6 was 81.31(63.14, 95.86)nmol/L. The detection rate of 25 (OH)D deficiency and insufficiency was 45.11%. The serum 25 (OH)D level of children 4- 6 years old was significantly lower than that of infants <1 year old and children 1-<4 years old, and the detection rate of 25 (OH)D deficiency and insufficiency was highest among 4-6 years old( χ 2=83.67, P <0.05). In winter the proportion of 25 (OH)D insufficiency and deficiency was highest (55.82%) ( χ 2=194.12, P <0.01). For overweight children, the abnormal rate of 25 (OH)D (19.83%) was significantly higher in autumn ( P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Children s vitamin D levels were associated with age, season and physical development. Vitamin D surveillance should be focused on ages less than 1 year old and above 4 years old, winter should be an important season. For overweight children, autumn should be the focus period for vitamin D deficiency prevention.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of cognitive-motor dual task training on vascular mild cognitive impairment (VaMCI) in old patients. Methods:From March to September, 2019, 76 old patients with VaMCI in three general hospitals were divided into control group (n = 38) and intervention group (n = 38). All the patients accepted health education, while the intervention group accepted cognitive-motor dual task training in addition, for three months. They were assessed with Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Beijing Version (MoCA-BJ) and Trail Making Test (TMT-A) before and after intervention, and the one-year incidence of fall before and after intervention was investigated in the intervention group. Results:Two cases in the control group and three cases in the intervention group dropped down. The total score and dimension scores of MoCA-BJ were more significantly in the intervention group than in the control group after intervention (|Z| > 2.002, P < 0.05), except the dimension of naming, while the time for TMT-A was significantly less (Z = -5.949, P < 0.001). The one-year incidence of fall decreased significantly during the year after intervention (χ2 = 10.080, P < 0.01). Conclusion:Cognitive-motor dual task training can improve the cognitive function of older VaMCI patients, especially for attention and executive function, and reduce the risk of fall.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the basic knowledge on assistive technology and World Health Organization (WHO) latest understanding of assistive technology. Methods:The literatures in the field of assistive technology, including relevant documents of WHO since its establishment in 1948, and ISO 9999, as well as related articles published were reviewed. Results:The understanding of assistive technology can be divided into four stages: early (ignored), midterm (disabled persons needed rehabilitation engineering), recent (persons with disabilities needed assistive technology), and the latest (all the human needed assistive technology). The basic knowledge of assistive technology, including definition, characteristics, classification, function, selection and application were also introduced. Conclusion:The awareness of assistive technology is improved with the in-depth understanding of rehabilitation. Rehabilitation has become a part of the health service system, which means assistive technology is a subset of health technology.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of circular arch device and dressing device on the secretion of collagen, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-1), transforming growth factor (TGF-β) of fibroblasts in the treated skin, and to explore the changes and mechanisms.Methods:The animals were purchased from the Southern Medical University Laboratory Animal Center. Using the established animal model, 54 mice were randomly divided into three groups: 18 mice each group, including control group, dressing device group and and circular arch device group. At the first, third and fifth day after negative pressure suction treatment, dermal thickness and density of collagen levels were and eosin staining, collagen level in local skin was determined using spectrophotometry, and MMP-1 and TGF-β levels were determined using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.Results:Dermal thickness level was increased significantly in negative suction treated groups [after 5 days of treatment, control group: (71±8) μm; circular arch device group: (351±9) μm; dressing device group: (267±12) μm, P< 0.05]. Compared with the control group, collagen level in the dermis was significantly higher in circular arch device groups [after 5 days of treatment, control group: (30.9±4.3) mg/g; circular arch device group: (72.7±3.6) mg/g, P< 0.05]. TGF-β level in circular arch device treated group was increasing gradually, and markedly higher than that in the dressing device group and the control group [after 5 days of treatment, control group: (0.24±0.1) ng/ml; circular arch device group: (0.78±0.08) ng/ml; dressing device group: (0.39±0.18) ng/ml, P< 0.05], while MMP-1 level was decreasing. In addition, TGF-β and MMP-1 levels in the dressing device treated group remained stable during the entire experiment. Conclusions:The interface of the circular arch negative pressure suction device can effectively activate the fibroblasts, promote the secretion of TGF-β and collagen, and thicken the skin tissue.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and signal intensity ratio (SIR) of MR diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in quantitative evaluation of lumbar spine osteoporosis.@*METHODS@#A total of 175 patients with lumbar spine diseases who received dualenergy X-ray absorption (DXA) bone mineral density (BMD), routine MRI and DWI of the lumbar spine from May 2017 to October 2019 were selected. According to the T-value of DXA, the patients were divided into osteoporosis group (64 cases), osteopenia group (53 cases) and normal bone mass group (58 cases). The ADC and SIR values of L@*RESULTS@#There were statistically significant differences in ADC and SIR values among three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#ADC and SIR can better reflect the BMD of patients with lumbar diseases, and can quantitatively evaluate the vertebral body of osteoporosis, which play an important role in the diagnosis of lumbar osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Osteoporosis/diagnostic imaging
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2779-2785, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887840

ABSTRACT

To investigate whether the engineered Lactobacillus plantarum expressing the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) S1 gene can protect animals against PEDV, guinea pigs were fed with recombinant L. plantarum containing plasmid PVE5523-S1, with a dose of 2×10⁸ CFU/piece, three times a day, at 14 days intervals. Guinea pigs fed with wild type L. plantarum and the engineered L. plantarum containing empty plasmid pVE5523 were used as negative controls. For positive control, another group of guinea pigs were injected with live vaccine for porcine epidemic diarrhea and porcine infectious gastroenteritis (HB08+ZJ08) by intramuscular injection, with a dose of 0.2 mL/piece, three times a day, at 14 days intervals. Blood samples were collected from the hearts of the four groups of guinea pigs at 0 d, 7 d, 14 d, 24 d, 31 d, 41 d and 48 d, respectively, and serum samples were isolated for antibody detection and neutralization test analysis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The spleens of guinea pigs were also aseptically collected to perform spleen cells proliferation assay. The results showed that the engineered bacteria could stimulate the production of secretory antibody sIgA and specific neutralizing antibody, and stimulate the increase of IL-4 and IFN-γ, as well as the proliferation of spleen cells. These results indicated that the engineered L. plantarum containing PEDV S1 induced specific immunity toward PEDV in guinea pigs, which laid a foundation for subsequent oral vaccine development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Coronavirus Infections/veterinary , Guinea Pigs , Lactobacillus plantarum/genetics , Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus/genetics , Swine , Swine Diseases , Viral Vaccines/genetics
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 646-656, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887699

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease with a complex aetiology characterized by elevated pulmonary artery resistance, which leads to progressive right ventricular failure and ultimately death. The aberrant metabolism of arachidonic acid in the pulmonary vasculature plays a central role in the pathogenesis of PAH. The levels of 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO) and 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) are elevated in the pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (PAECs), pulmonary smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) and fibroblasts of PAH patients. Under hypoxia condition, 15-LO/15-HETE induces pulmonary artery contraction, promotes the proliferation of PAECs and PASMCs, inhibits apoptosis of PASMCs, promotes fibrosis of pulmonary vessels, and then leads to the occurrence of PAH. Here, we review the research progress on the relationship between 15-LO/15-HETE and hypoxic PAH, in order to clarify the significance of 15-LO/15-HETE in hypoxic PAH.


Subject(s)
Arachidonate 15-Lipoxygenase , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Humans , Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acids , Hypoxia , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension , Pulmonary Artery
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885985

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of combining two needling manipulations, Er Long Xi Zhu (two dragons playing with a pearl) and Guo Yan Re (heat produced to reach the eyes), in treating dry eye syndrome (DES) of lung-yin deficiency pattern. Methods: Fifty-six eligible DES patients of lung-yin deficiency were randomized into an observation group and a control group, with 28 cases in each group. Same acupoints were selected in the two groups: Cuanzhu (BL 2), Sizhukong (TE 23), Taiyang (EX-HN 5) and Fengchi (GB 20) were chosen as the major points and Feishu (BL 13) and Chize (LU 5) as the adjuvant. Er Long Xi Zhu and Guo Yan Re needling manipulations were applied in the observation group while twirling reinforcing manipulation was used in the control group. Treatment was conducted once per day in both groups, for two sets of 15 consecutive days at a 2-day interval. Changes in the symptom score, tear break-up time (BUT) and tear production were observed afterwards, and the clinical efficacy was also compared between the two groups. Results: The total effective rate was 92.8% in the observation group, higher than 71.4% in the control group, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the symptom score, tear BUT and tear production showed significant improvements in both groups (all P<0.05); the symptom score, BUT and tear production in the observation group were significantly different from those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Given the same acupoint selection, combining Er Long Xi Zhu and Guo Yan Re needling manipulations can produce more significant clinical efficacy than twirling reinforcing manipulation in treating DES of lung-yin deficiency pattern.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the long-term trend of viral hepatitis mortality in Jing’an District of Shanghai, and to provide a reference for viral hepatitis prevention and control. Methods:Mortality rate, standard mortality rate, PYLL and potential years of life lost rate (PYLL‰) of viral hepatitis in Jing’an district of Shanghai from 1976 to 2015 were calculated. The annual percent change (APC) of the mortality and PYLL‰ were analyzed by Joinpoint regression analysis. Results:From 1976 to 2015, there were 1 342 viral hepatitis death cases, including 832 males and 510 females. The average crude mortality rate was 8.31/100 000, and the average age-standardized mortality rate was 5.45/100 000. Among the deaths of viral hepatitis, men had a higher mortality rate, age-standardized mortality rate and PYLL% than women (χ2Pearson=107.34, 112.93, 39.15, all P<0.01), men were mainly in the age group of 35-64 years (accounted for 62.62%), while women were mainly in the age group of 65 years and above (accounted for 55.49 %), and the average death age of men was earlier than that of women (by rank-sum test: Z=-8.879,P<0.01). After 1990 (except in 2002), hepatitis B was the main cause of deaths from viral hepatitis, accounting for 75.00%-100%, and the proportion of other and unclassified cases gradually decreased. Overall, the mortality rate of viral hepatitis declined significantly during 1976-2015 (APC=-2.0%,P<0.05), with the turning point in 2002. The mortality rate of viral hepatitis declined significantly from 2002 to 2015 (APC=-8.1%,P<0.05). The overall PYLL‰ of viral hepatitis declined significantly during 1976-2015 (APC=-3.7%,P<0.05), with the turning point in 1992. After 1992, the PYLL‰ of viral hepatitis declined significantly during 1992-2015 (APC=-6.5%,P<0.05). Conclusion:There has been a significant decline trend of viral hepatitis in the mortality rate in Jing’an District of Shanghai from 2002 to 2015, with hepatitis B as the main cause of death.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , China , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879433

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the advantages of self made minimally invasive hook assisted transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) via modified bilateral Wiltse approach in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 140 patients underwent lumbar spine fusion surgery from October 2016 to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 72 cases were treated by self-made minimally invasive hook-assisted TLIF via modified bilateral Wiltse approach (group A), there were 37 males and 35 females, aged (48±16) years old;68 cases were treated by TLIF via traditional posterior median approach (group B ), there were 38 males and 30 females, aged (45±15) years old. The surgical incision size, operation time, intraoperative blood loss volume, postoperative drainage volume, postoperative wound healing, and intervertebral fusion rate at the final follow-up were recorded between two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to assess the clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 3 to 13 (8±5) months. The wound in group A healed well after operation, and 1 case in group B occurred wound necrosis after operation, and healed after debridement and suture. There were no significant differences in operation time and postoperative fusion rate between two surgical methods (@*CONCLUSION@#The self made minimally invasive hook assistedTLIF via modified bilateral Wiltse approach has the characteristics of minimally invasive, less intraoperative blood loss, less postoperative drainage, fewer complications, and more stable fusion in the treatment of lumbar degenerative desease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877639

ABSTRACT

"Acupuncture being for reducing rather than reinforcing" is originated from the description in


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Books , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moxibustion
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of medroxyprogesterone acetate combined with a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine contraceptive system (Mirena) on the levels of sex hormone and vascular endothelial growth factor in patients with moderate and severe endometriosis after laparoscopic surgery.Methods:A total of 102 patients with endometriosis who received laparoscopic conservative surgery in Hangzhou Ninth People's Hospital from October 2015 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. They were randomly assigned to undergo either medroxyprogesterone acetate treatment alone (control group, n = 51) or medroxyprogesterone acetate treatment + levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine contraceptive system application (observation group, n = 51) for 6 successive months. Clinical efficacy, serum luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, estradiol and vascular endothelial growth factor levels, Visual Analogue Scale score, endometriosis recurrence rate, and adverse reactions were compared between the control and observation groups. Results:Total effective rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [94.12% (48/51) vs. 80.93% (41/51), χ2 = 4.320, P < 0.05]. At 6 months after surgery, serum luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, estradiol and vascular endothelial growth factor levels in the observation group were (5.72 ± 0.53) U/L, (5.05 ± 0.91) U/L, (156.02 ± 21.80) pmol/L and (155.39 ± 24.72) ng/L respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(6.51 ± 0.67) U/L, (5.73 ± 0.68) U/L, (177.20 ± 23.20) pmol/L and (186.22 ± 28.14) ng/L, t = 6.604, 4.275, 4.747 and 5.878, all P < 0.05). At 3 and 6 months after surgery, Visual Analogue Scale score in the observation group were (2.39 ± 0.33) points and (1.27 ± 0.20) points respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(2.72 ± 0.40) points, (1.52 ± 0.25) points, t = 4.545 and 5.577, both P < 0.05]. Two-year follow-up results revealed that endometriosis recurrence in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [1.96% (1/51) vs. 13.73% (7/51), χ2 = 4.883, P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in total incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups [15.69% (8/51) vs. 13.73% (7/51), χ2 = 0.078, P > 0.05]. Conclusion:Application of medroxyprogesterone acetate combined with a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine contraceptive system after laparoscopic surgery for moderate and severe endometriosis can effectively regulate serum levels of sex hormone and vascular endothelial growth factor, decrease endometriosis recurrence rate and is highly safe. This method is worthy of clinical promotion.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908101

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect and safety of different heating methods in continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) treatment.Methods:One-hundred and twenty critical patients, who hospitalized in the department of ICU of Nanjing University of TCM affiliated Hospital from Nov. 2018 to Aug. 2020, were enrolled in this study and divided randomly and equally into four groups: control group (heated by Prismaflex′s blood warming equipment), group A (heated by spiral-wound case blood warming equipment), group B (heated by 3M Bair Hugger warming carpet) and group C (heated by 3M displacement liquid warming equipment). All the patients were monitored levels of rectal temperature, forehead temperature, and temperatures of CRRT′s arterial and venous ends in 12 hours after CRRT treatment. The rates of low or high temperature and max fluctuation range of temperature were recorded.Results:The highest temperatures of rectal, arterial and venous ends of CRRT in three groups were (37.20±0.23)℃, (37.15±0.35)℃, (37.16±0.24)℃, (37.21±0.35)℃, (37.15±0.31)℃, (37.19±0.23)℃ and (36.49±0.52)℃, (36.36±0.46)℃, (36.68±0.22)℃, respectively. After CRRT treatment, the highest temperatures of rectal in each group were (36.85±0.31)℃, (36.75±0.35)℃ and (36.96±0.21)℃, respectively. The highest temperatures of arterial and venous ends of CRRT in each group were (36.81±0.32)℃, (36.65±0.31)℃, (36.99±0.20)℃, (36.34±0.41)℃, (36.20±0.42)℃ and (36.30±0.28)℃, respectively. The highest temperatures of rectal, arterial and venous ends of CRRT in Group A and C were higher than those in control group. The highest temperatures of rectal and arterial ends of CRRT in Group A and B were lower than those in Group C ( t values were 2.037-4.559, P<0.05). After CRRT treatment, the lowest rectal temperatures in three groups were (36.85±0.31)℃, (36.75±0.35)℃ and (36.96±0.21)℃, respectively. The lowest temperatures of arterial and venous ends of CRRT in three groups were (36.81±0.32)℃, (36.65±0.31)℃, (36.99±0.20)℃, (36.34±0.41)℃, (36.20±0.42)℃ and (36.30±0.28)℃, respectively. The lowest temperatures of rectal, arterial and venous ends of CRRT in Group A and C were higher than those in control group. The lowest temperatures of rectal and arterial ends of CRRT in Group A and B were lower than those in Group C ( t values were 2.032-6.194, P<0.05). After CRRT treatment, the fluctuation of rectal temperatures in three groups were (0.34±0.11)℃, (0.38±0.15)℃ and (0.26±0.11)℃, respectively. The fluctuation of arterial and venous ends of CRRT temperatures in three groups were (0.30±0.14)℃, (0.35±0.23)℃, (0.22±0.14)℃, (0.33±0.16)℃, (0.39±0.23)℃ and (0.26±0.09)℃, respectively. The fluctuation levels of rectal, arterial and venous ends of CRRT in Group A and C were higher than those in control group. The fluctuation levels of rectal and arterial ends of CRRT in Group A and B were lower than those in Group C ( t values were 2.032-6.194, P<0.05). After CRRT treatment, the fluctuation of △RBC in three groups were 0.11±0.07, 0.11±0.06 and 0.09±0.06, respectively. The fluctuation of △Fib in three groups were 0.83±0.32, 0.84±0.28 and 0.60±0.31, respectively. Correlation analysis showed C methods was most related with the fluctuation temperatures of venous ends of CRRT. Conclusion:Heating replacement fluid by 3M blood warming device is proved to be the best way to prevent heat loss in CRRT treatment.

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