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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663548


A strategy based on immunomagnetic nanospheres ( IMNs ) for rapid, efficient and accurate detection of lymphnode metastasis carcinoma cells ( LNMCCs ) was developed in this study. First, IMNs processing magnetism and biological targeting were fabricated by the approach developed by our group previously. Then, LNMCCs in lymph node fine needle aspiration ( LNFNA) specimens were separated and enriched by the immunomagnetic isolation using IMNs. At last, the captured cells were identified with Wright's staining and immunocytochemistry ( ICC) . The separation and enrichment of LNMCCs with immunomagnetic isolation could reduce the background interference of LNFNA specimens effectively; the identification with Wright ' s staining and ICC offered more reliable information for accurate diagnosis, so the sensitivity, specificity and overall diagnostic accuracy had an obvious improvement compared with the conventional cytologic diagnosis. Besides, the simple and rapid incubation of LNFNA specimens with IMNs needed just 5 min, so the cytomorphology of captured LNMCCs could be intactly retained, which enabled to provide important basis for classifying lymphnode metastasis carcinoma ( LNMC ) and the subsequent pathological study. Moreover, the specific capture of epithelial carcinoma cells in LNFNA specimens with IMNs could make a definite diagnosis of the captured cells as LNMCCs, thus realizing the differentiated diagnosis of LNMC and malignant lymphoma. Additionally, this strategy exhibited successful LNMCCs detection in LNFNA specimens from 110 patients and had higher sensitivity ( 98 . 0%) , specificity ( 100 . 0%) , and overall diagnostic accuracy (98. 2%) than the conventional cytologic diagnosis. Therefore, it was a new attempt to use IMNs for detection of LNMCCs in LNFNA specimens from LNMC patients, and offered new ideas for LNMC diagnosis and study.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 874-878, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354561


To study the chemical constituents of Drynariae Rhizoma, nine phenolic acids were isolated from a 70% ethanol extract by using a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC. By spectroscopic techniques including 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 2D NMR, and HR-ESI-MS, these compounds were identified as 4, 4'-dihydroxy-3, 3'-imino-di-benzoic acid (1), protocatechuic acid (2), gallic acid (3), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (4), (E)-caffeic acid (5), ethyl trans-3, 4-dihydroxycinnamate (6), caffeic acid 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (7), p-coumaric acid 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (8), and 23(S)-12-O-caffeoyl-12-hydroxyllauric acid glycerol ester (9), separately. Among them, 1 and 9 are new compounds, and 3, 4, and 6 were isolated from Drynaria species for the first time.

Benzoates , Chemistry , Caffeic Acids , Chemistry , Cinnamates , Chemistry , Gallic Acid , Chemistry , Glycerol , Chemistry , Hydroxybenzoates , Chemistry , Imines , Chemistry , Lauric Acids , Chemistry , Molecular Conformation , Molecular Structure , Parabens , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polypodiaceae , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307054


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize clinical application experience of treatment of occluded iliofemoral veins with great saphenous vein cross-over bypasses.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 1998 to December 2005,6 patients(5 men, 1 woman) with occluded iliofemoral veins underwent great saphenous vein cross-over bypasses. They ranged in age from 36 to 52 years (mean, 41 years old). All patients had unilateral thigh and leg edema and swelling with accompanying pain. The normal contralateral great saphenous vein was dissected and it was tunneled across the super-pubic fat pad and anastomosed to the femoral vein or the proximal portion of great saphenous vein in distal to occluded iliofemoral veins.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The postoperative course was uneventful. One case sustained superficial infection postoperatively at donor site and the gradual wound healed by daily wound dressings. At 1 to 3.5 years (mean 1.8 years) followed up, all patients had pain disappearance and obvious relief of the edema but some swelling.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Great saphenous vein cross-over bypasses is effective operative method of treatment of occluded iliofemoral veins. The operation is relatively simple and safe.</p>

Adult , Embolism , General Surgery , Female , Femoral Vein , General Surgery , Humans , Iliac Vein , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Saphenous Vein , Transplantation
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324043


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize clinical application of one-stage toenail lengthening in free second toe transfer for reconstruction of the thumb (finger).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nine patients (male 7, female 2) underwent thumb (finger) reconstruction with second toe transfer were treated by one-stage toenail lengthening technique. Eight were the thumb and 1 was the index finger. Patients aged from 18 to 46 years,with an average of 25 years. A rectangle skin was resected at 0.5 cm away from the eponychium, which was 0.2 cm high and as wide as the toenail. Then stripped U shape flap gently towards proximal end and sutured it. During the operation, the injury of the subcutaneous vascular network should be avoided.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Superficial infection at donor area happened in 1 case and was healed by changing dressings. All the reconstruction thumbs (fingers) had survived completely. 2 to 3 mm extending of toenail length was obtained and the appearance of thumb (finger) was improved. There was no growth deformation of toenail. After 7 to 24 months follow up (the average time 13 months), the appearance of the nail was good.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>One-stage toenail lengthening in free second toe transfer for reconstruction of the thumb (finger), which can obtain a satisfactory appearance of the nail and have no influence on the motion of the reconstruction thumb (finger), is a simple and an effective operative procedure.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nails , Transplantation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Thumb , General Surgery