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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 710-714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985762

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic features of primary adrenal NK/T cell lymphoma (PANKL). Methods: Six cases of PANKL were collected at Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2000 to December 2021. The clinicopathologic features including morphology, immunophenotype, treatment and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed, and relevant literature was reviewed. Results: There were two males and four females. The median age was 63 years (ranged from 57 to 68 years). The tumors involved bilateral adrenal glands in 4 cases and unilateral adrenal gland in 2 cases. The main clinical symptom was low back pain without obvious cause. Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is elevated in five cases. The imaging feature was rapidly enlarging mass initially confined to unilateral/bilateral adrenal glands. Morphologically, the lymphoid cells were mainly medium-sized with a diffuse growth pattern. Coagulative necrosis and nuclear fragmentation were common. Angioinvasion was seen. Immunophenotypically, the neoplastic cells were positive for CD3, CD56 and TIA-1 while CD5 was negative in 5 cases. All cases were positive for EBER by in situ hybridization with more than 80% proliferative activity by Ki-67. Four cases received chemotherapy, one case underwent surgery, and one case underwent surgery with chemotherapy. Follow-up was done in 5 cases; one case was lost to follow-up. Three patients died with a median survival of 11.6 months (3-42 months). Conclusions: PANKL is rare with highly aggressive clinical presentation and poor prognosis. Accurate diagnosis entails correlation of histomorphology, immunohistochemistry, EBER in situ hybridization and clinical history.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/pathology , Killer Cells, Natural/pathology , Prognosis , Immunophenotyping
2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 477-483, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013824

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the mechanism and search for potential biomarkers of ovalbumin ( OVA ) -induced asthma in mice base on lipidomics. Methods A BALB/c mouse model of asthma was prepared by OVA. TNF-α, IL-4, IL-10, IFN-γ levels in BALF and IgE level in serum were measured by ELISA. The inflammatory changes in mouse lung tissue were observed using HE staining. Lipid mediators ( LMs) in lung tissue and serum were quantified with UPLC-MS/ MS strategy. Results IgE level in serum and TNF-α, IFN-γ levels in BALF were higher (P <0.05) of asthmatic mice.Typical inflammatory manifestations were seen in lung tissue of asthmatic mice. A total of 57 lipid mediators were quantified with UPLC-MRM. LMs metabolic profiles differed significantly in serum and lung tissue between asthmatic and normal mice, 17 significantly different LMs were found in lung tissue and 6 LMs were found in serum, and the differential metabolites were produced through the cyclooxygenase (COX), lipoxygenase (LOX) and cytochrome P450 oxidase (P450) metabolic pathways. Conclusions OVA-induced allergic asthma can cause disorder of lip-id mediators, LMs and cytokines are involved in the occurrence and development of asthma. The differential LMs have potential research value as biomarkers for the development of allergic asthma.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1223-1229, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012397

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application of manual screening collaborated with the Artificial Intelligence TPS-Assisted Cytologic Screening System in urinary exfoliative cytology and its clinical values. Methods: A total of 3 033 urine exfoliated cytology samples were collected at the Henan People's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Liquid-based thin-layer cytology was prepared. The slides were manually read under the microscope and digitally presented using a scanner. The intelligent identification and analysis were carried out using an artificial intelligence TPS assisted screening system. The Paris Report Classification System of Urinary Exfoliated Cytology 2022 was used as the evaluation standard. Atypical urothelial cells and even higher grade lesions were considered as positive when evaluating the recognition sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of artificial intelligence-assisted screening systems and human-machine collaborative cytologic screening methods in urine exfoliative cytology. Among the collected cases, there were also 1 100 pathological tissue controls. Results: The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the AI-assisted cytologic screening system were 77.18%, 90.79% and 69.49%; those of human-machine coordination method were 92.89%, 99.63% and 89.09%, respectively. Compared with the histopathological results, the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of manual reading were 79.82%, 74.20% and 95.80%, respectively, while those of AI-assisted cytologic screening system were 93.45%, 93.73% and 92.66%, respectively. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of human-machine coordination method were 95.36%, 95.21% and 95.80%, respectively. Both cytological and histological controls showed that human-machine coordination review method had higher diagnostic accuracy and sensitivity, and lower false negative rates. Conclusions: The artificial intelligence TPS assisted cytologic screening system has achieved acceptable accuracy in urine exfoliation cytologic screening. The combination of manual screening and artificial intelligence TPS assisted screening system can effectively improve the sensitivity and accuracy of cytologic screening and reduce the risk of misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Urothelium/pathology , Cytodiagnosis , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Urologic Neoplasms/urine
4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1120-1125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012375

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, molecular features and differential diagnosis of primary synovial sarcoma of the lung (PSSL). Methods: Twelve cases of PSSL were collected at Henan Provincial People's Hospital, during May 2010 and April 2021, and their clinicopathological parameters were summarized. SS18-SSX, H3K27Me3, and SOX2 were added to the original immunomarkers to evaluate their diagnostic value for PSSL. Results: The age of 12 patients when diagnosed ranged from 32 to 75 years (mean of 50 years). There were 7 males and 5 females, 2 left lung cases and 10 right lung cases. Of the 6 patients who underwent surgical resection, five cases were confined to lung tissue (T1), one case had mediastinal invasion (T3), two cases had regional lymph node metastasis (N1), and none had distal metastasis. Microscopically, 11 cases showed monophasic spindle cell type and one case showed biphasic type composed of mainly epithelial cells consisting of cuboidal to columnar cells with glandular and cribriform structures. It was difficult to make the diagnosis by using the biopsy specimens. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed CKpan expression in 8 of 12 cases; EMA expression in 11 of 12 case; TLE1 expression in 8 of 12 cases; S-100 protein expression in two of 12 cases; various expression of bcl-2 and vimentin in 12 cases, but no expression of SOX10 and CD34 in all the cases. The Ki-67 index was 15%-30%. The expression of SS18-SSX fusion antibody was diffusely and strongly positive in all 12 cases. SOX2 was partially or diffusely expressed in 8 of 12 cases, with strong expression in the epithelial component. H3K27Me3 was absent in 3 of 12 cases. SS18 gene translocation was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test in all 12 samples. Six cases underwent surgery and postoperative chemotherapy, while the other six cases had chemotherapy alone. Ten patients were followed up after 9-114 months, with an average of 41 months and a median of 26 months. Five patients survived and five died of the disease within two years. Conclusions: PSSL is rare and has a broad morphological spectrum. IHC and molecular tests are needed for definitive diagnosis. Compared with current commonly used IHC markers, SS18-SSX fusion antibody has better sensitivity to PSSL, which could be used as an alternative for FISH, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction or next generation sequencing in the diagnosis of PSSL.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Sarcoma, Synovial/diagnosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Histones/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1001-1005, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012353

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of glomuvenous malformation (GVM). Methods: Thirty-one cases of GVM diagnosed at the Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2011 to December 2021 were collected. Their clinical and pathological features were analyzed. The expression of relevant markers was examined using immunohistochemistry. The patients were also followed up. Results: There were 16 males and 15 females in this study, with an average age of 11 years (range, 1-52 years). The locations of the disease included 13 cases in the limbs (8 cases in the upper limbs, 5 cases in the lower limbs), 9 cases in the trunks, and 9 cases in the foot (toes or subungual area). Twenty-seven of the cases were solitary and 4 were multifocal. The lesions were characterized by blue-purple papules or plaques on the skin surface, which grew slowly. The lumps became larger and appeared to be conspicuous. Microscopically, GVM mainly involved the dermis and subcutaneous tissue, with an overall ill-defined border. There were scattered or clustered irregular dilated vein-like lumens, with thin walls and various sizes. A single or multiple layers of relatively uniform cubic/glomus cells were present at the abnormal wall, with scattered small nests of the glomus cells. The endothelial cells in the wall of abnormal lumen were flat or absent. Immunohistochemistry showed that glomus cells strongly expressed SMA, h-caldesmon, and collagen IV. Malformed vascular endothelial cells expressed CD31, CD34 and ERG. No postoperative recurrence was found in the 12 cases. Conclusions: GVM is an uncommon type of simple venous malformation in the superficial soft tissue and different from the classical glomus tumor. Morphologically, one or more layers of glomus cells grow around the dilated venous malformation-like lumen, which can be combined with common venous malformations.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Glomus Tumor/surgery , Endothelial Cells/pathology , Paraganglioma, Extra-Adrenal/pathology , Immunohistochemistry
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 413-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935555

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of mature T/NK cell lymphomas with aberrant CD20 or CD79α expression. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 641 cases of mature T/NK cell lymphoma diagnosed from January 2014 to December 2020 was performed, and 14 cases of CD20-positive and one case of CD79α-positive mature T/NK-cell lymphoma were identified. Histological examination, immunohistochemical characterization, in situ hybridization for Epstein-Barr virus encoded early RNA (EBER), and PCR testing for immunoglobulin and T cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements were performed. Clinicopathological characteristics of these lymphomas were analyzed. Results: There were 13 males and 2 females, with a median age of 56 years. There were 8 cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS), 3 cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL), 2 cases of monomorphic epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma (MEITL) and 2 cases of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). Twelve cases were stage Ⅲ or Ⅳ lymphomas. The prognosis was overall poor. The histology, immunophenotype and TCR gene rearrangement were not significantly different from the corresponding types of lymphoma. Ki-67 proliferation index was over 70% in all cases. The expression of CD20 or CD79α was weak and heterogeneous. All 15 case of Ig gene rearrangement were polyclonal. Conclusions: Mature T/NK cell lymphoma with abnormal expression of CD20 or CD79α is rare, commonly found in advanced stage, and associated with poor prognosis. The expression of CD20 or CD79α in these cases is weaker than the corresponding mature T/NK cell lymphomas, while its proliferation index is higher. Histomorphology, extensive immunoprofiling and molecular detection are required for accurate diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD20 , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Killer Cells, Natural/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/pathology , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 301-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935530

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features as well as BRAF V600E and MYD88 L265P mutation status of nodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma (NMZL). Methods: Thirty-two cases of NMZL were diagnosed from September 2009 to February 2021 at the Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Peking University School of Basic Medical Sciences. The clinicopathologic characteristics were obtained and analyzed. BRAF V600E and MYD88 L265P mutation status were identified using PCR and Sanger sequencing, respectively. Results: There were 20 males and 12 females patients with a median age of 69 years (ranging 36-82 years). The most prevalent clinical manifestation was multiple lymph nodes enlargement in head and neck (22/32, 68.8%), followed by inguinal (12/32, 37.5%), axillary (11/32, 34.4%), mediastinum (5/32, 15.6%) and retroperitoneal lymph nodes (4/32, 12.5%). Most of the patients were in Ann Arbor stage Ⅰ/Ⅱ (21 cases). The morphologic features included diffuse (24/32, 75.0%), nodular (5/32, 15.6%), interfollicular (2/32,6.3%) and perifollicular (1/32,3.1%) types. The tumor cells showed monocyte-like, centrocyte-like, small lymphocyte-like and plasma cell-like differentiation. Immunophenotyping revealed diffuse expression of CD20 in all tumor cells, whereas CD43 (11/32, 34.4%), bcl-2 (20/32, 62.5%), MNDA (13/32, 40.6%) and CD5 (2/32, 6.3%) were partially expressed. Ki-67 proliferation index varied from 10% to 40%. BRAF V600E mutation was found in two cases (2/32, 6.3%), but MYD88 L265P mutation was not detected. Eighteen patients survived and three died at the end of follow-up period which ranged 6 to 110 months. Conclusions: The morphologic features of NMZL varies across individuals, it should be differentiated from various B-cell lymphomas; however immunological biomarkers with high specificity for NMZL are still lacking. No MYD88 L265P mutation is found in NMZL. Some cases may harbor BRAF V600E mutation and yet the prevalence remains indeterminate; further researches are warranted.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/pathology , Mutation , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 202-206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935505

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical and pathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of congenital hemangioma (CH). Methods: Forty cases of CH were diagnosed from January 2017 to December 2020 in Henan Provincial People's Hospital. The clinical and pathological and immunohistochemical data were analyzed, with review of literature. Results: There were 24 male and 16 female patients. The lesions were located in the head, neck (11 cases), limbs (14 cases), and trunk (15 cases). The clinical manifestations were congenital painless plaques or masses, the larger ones protruded on the skin surface, mostly dusky purple or bright red, with surrounding white halos. Under low magnification, the tumor was lobular and well demarcated, composed of neo-microvascular lumen of different sizes. The vascular endothelial cells were cuboidal or hobnail in appearance, forming stellar drainage vessels within the lobules. Extra-medullary hematopoiesis was seen in one case of rapidly involuting CH; there were different number of tortuous and dilated vascular lumen between the lobular structures, and some non-involuting CH cases were vascular malformations, which were devoid of lobulated structures. Immunohistochemistry showed that endothelial cells were strongly positive for CD31, CD34 and ERG, while D2-40 and GLUT-1 were negative. Conclusions: CH is a benign congenital vascular tumor with characteristic lobulated growth and abnormal blood vessels in the stroma. Pathological diagnosis often needs to be differentiated from infantile hemangioma, pyogenic granuloma, kaposiform hemangioendothelioma and vascular malformation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Endothelial Cells/pathology , Hemangioendothelioma/pathology , Hemangioma/pathology , Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome/pathology , Sarcoma, Kaposi/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology
9.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 596-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876221

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate influencing factors of the first cases of varicella outbreaks in primary school in Pudong New Area of Shanghai and to provide scientific evidence for effective prevention and control measures against it. Methods The first 80 cases of varicella outbreaks in primary school in Pudong New Area were included for the case-control study.Immunization history, outing activities and information of out-of-school training were gathered.Univariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression analysis were adopted for data analysis. Results Multivariate analysis revealed that varicella vaccination period(OR=0.08, 95%CI:0.01-0.44)was the protective factor for the first case in a varicella outbreak, while weekly frequency of visits to large commercial/supermarkets (OR=4.79, 95%CI:1.86-12.34)and weekly attendance at out-of-school training(OR=1.84, 95%CI:1.01-3.35)were risk factors of the disease. Conclusion It is important to promote the current varicella vaccine immunization strategy, to strengthen the disinfection and health education of large commercial/supermarkets and to strengthen infectious disease management, disease prevention guidance and supervision in out-of-school training institutions.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 129-133, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787657

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, histogenesis, immunophenotypes, molecular genetic characteristics, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of calcifying fibrous tumors (CFT). A total of 32 cases of CFT (22 cases from Henan Provincial People's Hospital and 10 cases from PLA Army Medical Center) diagnosed between June 2009 and February 2019 were reviewed. The clinical and pathologic data were analyzed. There were 12 male and 20 female patients, aged from 15 to 63 years (mean 40.8 years). Eleven cases occurred in stomach, four cases in retroperitoneum, four cases in ovary, two cases in scrotum, two cases in mediastinum, two cases in head and neck, one case each in thoracic cavity, lung, adrenal gland, kidney, sigmoid colon, epididymis and mesosalpinx. All the tumors were solid masses with clear boundaries. The maximal dimension of the tumors ranged from 0.6 to 10.0 cm. Microscopically, there was hypocellular stromal sclerosis and wavy storiform coarse collagen with superimposed scattered or patchy lymphocytes and plasma cells; calcification or gravel formation were also detected. Immunohistochemistry showed that spindle cells were positive for vimentin and some were positive for CD34; and they were negative for calponin, SMA, desmin, S-100 protein, SOX10, STAT6, β-catenin, ALK, CD117, DOG1, CKpan, and EMA. No ALK rearrangement was detected by FISH in all cases. No C-KIT and PDGFRA mutation was detected in all the tested 11 cases of stomach, four cases of retroperitoneal and one case of sigmoid colon CFT. MDM2 was not amplified by FISH in all four tested cases of retroperitoneal CFT. CFT is a rare benign tumor of fibroblastic cell origin. The diagnosis mainly depends on histomorphologic analysis and immunophenotyping. CFT should be differentiated from other benign and malignant spindle cell mesenchymal tumors.

11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 632-635, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695104

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and prognosis of malignant solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma ( SFT/HPC). Methods Sixteen cases of intracranial malignant SFT/HPC were retrospectively studied. The clinical data, imaging features, histopathological and immunohistochemical characteris-tics were analyzed. Results The 8 male and 8 female patients were between 31 and 71 years of age ( mean 51). The median age was 51 years (range, 31-71 years). 16 malignant SFT/HPC cases were originated from intracalvarium. The imaging features showed intracranial neoplasms with relatively clear surrounding boundaries. Microscopically spindle shaped cells were hypercel-lular, and exhibited≥5 mitoses per 10 HPF. Cytological atypia was mild. The clinicopathologic characteristics included pattern-less growth pattern, storiform or fascicular growth pattern, solita-ry fibrous tumor-like regions and hemangiopericytoma-like re-gions. Tnere were 2 cases with abundant papillary structure and 2 with sarcomatous structure, 2 with focal necrosis, 2 with inva-ded cerebral tissues, and 10 with invaded meninges. Immuno-histochemically, 93. 75% ( 15/16 ) cases were positive for STAT6, with 15/16 showing diffuse staining. 87. 5% (14/16) cases were positive for CD34, with 37. 5% (6/16) showing dif-fuse staining. 81. 25% (13/16) cases were positive for BCL-2. 68. 75% (11/16) cases were positive for CD99. The Ki-67 in-dex ranged from 5% to 40% . Sixteen patients were followed up for 1-64 months, and 7 patients ( 43. 75% ) had recurrences. Conclusion Malignant SFT/HPC shares malignant behaviours. STAT6 is a specific marker for the diagnosis of this tumor. The prognosis of malignant SFT/HPC is related to the extent of tumor excision and long-term follow-up.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 295-299, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695092

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma. Methods To reported the histopathological and immunohistochemical features in 29 cases of Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma, combined with the clinical data and the literature review. Results Of the 29 patients, 15 were male and 14 were female, almost all patients were no more than 1 year old, except one patient aged 25 years.28 cases occurred in superficial skin, including 15 cases in limbs, 5 cases in head and neck, 4 cases in trunk, 1 case in armpit, 3 cases were multiple sites, and 1 case in pelvic cavity. The clinical manifestations were limited or diffuse skin painless plaque, and 16 cases with Kabasach-Merritt phenomenon. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of proliferating small blood vessels and spindle cells, with irregular nodular or lobulated distribution, and invasive growth. Spindle cells were arranged in bundles, with epithelioid cells and spindle cells arranged in nests, and glomerulus-like structures, and the latter with crescent shaped vascular fissures. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were strongly positive for VEGFR-3, CD31, CD34 and ERG. Partial tumor cells were positive for SMA and D2-40, but negative for CK, Glut-1 and HHV8. Conclusion Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma is a rare, intermediate, locally aggressive angiogenic tumor, mainly occurring in infants and young adults. The diagnosis relies on its unique morphology and immunophenotype, and it should be differentiated from tufted angioma, infantile hemangioma, congenital hemangioma, spindle cell hemangioma, verrucous venous malformation and Kaposi sarcoma. Extended resection is the best way to treat Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 187-190, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695081

ABSTRACT

Purpose To summarize the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of salivary glands(MASC). Methods Four cases of MASC were included. The clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical features and follow-up data were evaluated. Results The patients aged between 20 to 72 years. Two cases were male and two were female. The average age was 52.2 years. All cases showed infiltrative growth and diverse cytology and histology, including lobular, cystic papillary, solid, cribriform or glandular structures, and microcystic honeycombed pattern composed of small cysts merged into larger cysts resembling thyroid follicles. There were no necrosis, nerve or vascular invasion in 4 cases. S-100 protein, Mammaglobin or SOX10 were strongly positive in all MASC cases.3 cases were insignificant positivity for GATA-3. Both p63 and DOG-1 were negative. Conclusion MASC is a lowgrade malignant epithelial tumor of salivary glands. Combined immunohistochemical positivity of S-100 protein, Mammaglobin and SOXIO, or negative for DOG-1, are useful in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of MASC.

14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 1356-1359, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695051

ABSTRACT

Purpose To study the infection mode and distribution of high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) in lowgrade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs) and to analysis its effect.Methods HPV genotype of 328 cervical tissues embedded by paraffin which contained 168 LSILs and 160 highgrade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs) were detected by the methods of real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and in situ hybridization.Results Diseased cells of LSIL stained with hematoxylin and eosin(HE) were concentrated in the upper layer of the cervical squamous epithelium,whereas HSIL were concentrated in the lower layer of the epithelium in HE staining.In LSIL,the positive ratcs of HR-HPV was 95.2%.In LSIL and HSIL,HPV 16/18 positive rates were 26.2%,57.5%,respectively.Other HR-HPV positive rates were 80.9%,55.0%,respectively.The differences were statistically significant (P <0.001).HR-HPV positive rate was 70.2% in the group of in situ hybridization.The positive cells were confined to the surface and middle layer of the LSIL cervical squamous epithelium.Conclusion HR-HPV infection is closely related to LSIL,especially other HR-HPV (except for HPV 16/18).The infection mode of HR-HPV in LSIL starts from the surface layer of the cervical squamous epithelium.

15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 534-537, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303529

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathologic features, radiologic findings, treatment options and prognosis of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinicopathologic and radiologic features were retrospectively analyzed in 10 cases of DNT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Intractable partial seizure was the main presenting symptom in all patients. The tumor was located in temporal lobe (number = 5), frontal lobe (number = 3) or parietal lobe (number = 2). CT scan displayed a hypodense lesion. MRI scan revealed the tumor was non-enhancing T1WI hypointense and T2WI hyperintense, with internal septation and hyperintense ring around the tumor seen on FLAIR image. There was neither peritumoral edema nor mass effect. Histologically, the tumor showed the presence of glioneuronal element, with oligodendrocyte-like cells, floating neurons, astrocytes and associated microcystic changes. Immunohistochemical study demonstrated positivity for NeuN and synaptophysin in the neurons and some oligodendrocyte-like cells. Olig2 and S-100 protein were also expressed in the oligodendrocyte-like cells. Ki-67 index were lower than 1% in all cases. Nine cases were treated by complete surgical excision and the remaining case was subtotally excised. No post-operative chemotherapy or radiotherapy was given. One of the 10 cases recurred on follow up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Correct diagnosis of DNT requires correlation with clinicopathologic, radiologic and immunohistochemical findings. Complete resection of the tumor and epileptogenic foci is the mainstay of treatment for DNT, with intraoperative EEG monitoring. Post-operative chemotherapy or radiotherapy is not required.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Antigens, Nuclear , Metabolism , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Brain Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Cerebral Cortex , Metabolism , Pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , Neurosurgical Procedures , Oligodendrocyte Transcription Factor 2 , Retrospective Studies , S100 Proteins , Metabolism , Synaptophysin , Metabolism , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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