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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3597-3604, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336576

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1), the ligand of the myocardial ErbB receptor, is a protein mediator with regulatory actions in the heart. This study investigated whether NRG-1 preconditioning has protective effects on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and its potential mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We worked with an in vivo rat model with induced myocardial ischemia (45 minutes) followed by reperfusion (3 hours). NRG-1 message was detected in the heart using RT-PCR and the protein levels of NRG-1 and ErbB4 were detected by Western blotting analysis. Infarct size was assessed using the staining agent triphenyltetrazolium chloride and cardiac function was continuously monitored. The levels of creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase in plasma were analyzed to assess the degree of cardiac injury. The extent of cardiac apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and by Western blotting analysis of cleaved caspase-3. We examined the phosphorylation of Akt in the myocardium and the effect of PI3K/Akt inhibition on NRG-1-induced cardioprotection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Transcription and expression of NRG-1 and phosphorylation of its ErbB4 receptor were significantly upregulated in the I/R hearts. NRG-1 pretreatment reduced the infarct size following cardiac I/R in a concentration-dependent manner with an optimal concentration of 4 µg/kg in vivo. NRG-1 pretreatment with 4 µg/kg, i.v. markedly reduced the plasma creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase levels. Pretreatment with NRG-1 also significantly reduced the percentage of TUNEL positive myocytes and the level of cleaved caspase-3 in the I/R hearts. Pretreatment with NRG-1 significantly increased phosphorylation of Akt following I/R. Furthermore, the cardioprotective effect limiting the infarct size that was induced by NRG-1 was abolished by co-administration of the PI3K inhibitor LY294002.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The concentration of NRG-1, a new autacoid, was rapidly upregulated after myocardial I/R. NRG-1 preconditioning has cardioprotective effects against I/R injury through a PI3K/Akt-dependent mechanism in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Neuregulin-1 , Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Physiology , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Physiology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , ErbB Receptors , Receptor, ErbB-4
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 23-28, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316765

ABSTRACT

To explore the effects of 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11,12-EET) preconditioning and postconditioning on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury in rats, the IR injury model was built by stopping perfusion for 40 min followed by reperfusion for 30 min, and the changes of mitochondrial functions, myocardial metabolism and function were measured. Langendorff-perfused isolated rat hearts were divided into 4 groups: control group, persistently perfused with Krebs-Henseleit (K-H) fluid for 100 min; IR group, stopped perfusion for 40 min followed by reperfusion for 30 min; Pre-EET group, preconditioned with 6.24×10(-9) mol/L 11,12-EET for 5 min twice before subjected to ischemia; Post-EET group, postconditioned with 6.24×10(-9) mol/L 11,12-EET for 30 s twice before reperfusion. The computer-based electrophysiological recording system was used to measure the changes of maximal rate of the pressure increase in contract phase (+dp/dt(max)), maximal rate of the pressure decrease in diastole phase of heart (-dp/dt(max)), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and difference of left ventricular pressure (DLVP). The activities of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in effluent, Ca(2+)-ATPase, Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) in mitochondria were measured with colorimetry method; superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was measured with hydroxylamine method and malondialdehyde (MDA) content in myocardial tissues was measured with TBA method. The results showed that: (1) Compared with that in the control group, the myocardial functions, the values of SOD, SDH and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase were decreased in IR group (P<0.05); the values of LDH, MDA and Ca(2+)-ATPase were increased (P<0.05) in IR group. (2) Compared with that in IR group, the values of SDH and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase were increased (P<0.05) and the value of Ca(2+)-ATPase was decreased (P<0.05) in both Pre-EET and Post-EET groups. But no significant differences were detected between Pre-EET and Post-EET groups. (3) Compared with IR treatment, both 11,12-EET preconditioning and postconditioning caused significant decreases in MDA content and leakage of LDH, amendment of heart functions and increases in SOD activity (P<0.05). But there were no significant differences between 11,12-EET preconditioning and postconditioning. These results indicate that 11,12-EET preconditioning and postconditioning can protect myocardium from IR injury by improving mitochondrial functions, up-regulating the activities of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and SDH, and down-regulating the activity of Ca(2+)-ATPase in mitochondria. Moreover, 11,12-EET preconditioning and postconditioning also elevate the activity of SOD and reduce the content of MDA, suggesting that 11,12-EET can depress the oxidative stress in IR rat heart.


Subject(s)
8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid , Pharmacology , Animals , Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism , Heart , Ischemic Postconditioning , Ischemic Preconditioning , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Oxidative Stress , Rats , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase , Metabolism , Succinate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298687

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11, 12-EET) preconditioning and postconditioning on Ca(2+)-handling proteins in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury in rats and reveal the effects and mechanism of 11, 12-EET on cardioprotection. METHODS The IR injury model was built by stopping perfusion for 40 minutes followed by reperfusion for 30 minutes. The isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were divided into 4 groups: control group, IR group, EET preconditioning (Pre-EET) group and EET postconditioning (Post-EET) group. The computer-based electrophysiological recorder system was used to measure the changes of the maximal rate of pressure increased in the contraction phase (+dp/dt(max)), the maximal rate of pressure decreased in the diastole phase (-dp/dt(max)), the left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and the difference of left ventricular pressure (delta LVP). The activity of Ca(2+)-ATPase in sarcoplasmic reticulum was measured with colorimetric method. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to assess the gene expression of C(a2+)-handling protein [sarcoplasic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA), phospholamban (PLB), ryanodine receptor type 2 (RyR,), and 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate inositol receptor type 2 (IP3 R2) ] mRNAs level.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with IR group, the myocardial functions, the value of Ca(2+)-ATPase, and the expressions of IP3 R2 mRNA were significantly increased and the expression of PLB mRNA was significantly decreased in both Pre-EET group and Post-EET group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). And the expression of SERCA mRNA was significantly increased in Pre-EET group (P < 0. 05). However, no significant differences were detected between Pre-EET and Post-EET groups. Moreover, the expression of RyR2 mRNA was not significantly different among all groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>11, 12-EET preconditioning and post-conditioning can protect myocardium from IR injury by elevating the activity of Ca(2+)-ATPase in sarcoplasmic reticulum, up-regulating the expression of IP3 R2 mRNA, and down-regulating the expression of PLB mRNA. Moreover, up-regulating the expression of SERCA mRNA maybe one of mechanisms of 11, 12-EET preconditioning on cardio protection against IR injury.</p>


Subject(s)
8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid , Pharmacology , Animals , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors , Metabolism , Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial , Methods , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Rats , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel , Metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313680

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (11, 12-EET) on the degree of hypoxia/reoxygenation injury in human umbilical vein endothelial cells ( HUVECs), and reveal the possible pathway of EET on protection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Primary cultured HUVECs were randomly divided into control group, hypoxia/reoxygenation group, 11, 12-EET control group, 11, 12- EET hypoxia/reoxygenation group, inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERKI/2) group, and inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) group. Hypoxia/reoxygenation injury model in HUVECs was established by exposure to hypoxia (2% O2, 5% CO2 and 93% N2) for 3 hours, followed by reoxygenation (95% air and 5% CO2) for 1 hour. The evaluation of the endothelial cells were made by immunohistochemistry. The cell viability was monitored by MTT assay. Colorimetry method was used to assay the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) , malondialdehyde (MDA) and activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in culture medium. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and phosphorylated ERK1/2 in HUVECs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>11, 12-EET caused minor injury in normal oxygen incubated HUVECs; however, in hypoxia/reoxygenation HUVECs, it raised the cell viability markedly, decreased the LDH release and MDA content, and increased the activity of SOD and the expressions of eNOS and phosphorylated ERK1/2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>11, 12-EET may prevent against endothelial cell hypoxia/reoxygenation injury. The mechanism may be related to the increased activity of SOD, elimination of oxygen-derived free radicals, and reduction of eNOS and phosphorylated ERK1/2 lesion caused by hypoxia/reoxygenation.</p>


Subject(s)
8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid , Pharmacology , Cell Hypoxia , Physiology , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Reperfusion Injury , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Umbilical Veins , Cell Biology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318883

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of 11,12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11,12-EET) on nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury and explore the protective role of NOS in myocardium.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat myocardial ischemia/reperfusion model was produced by ischemia for 60 minutes and reperfusion for 30 minutes. Rats were divided into 5 groups: 11,12-EET ischemia/reperfusion groups (including EET1, EET2, and EET3 groups), EET control group, ischemia/reperfusion group, sham operation group, and control group. Changes of the maximal rates of rise and decrease of left ventricular pressure (+/-dp/dtmax) were observed. Activities of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and constrictive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) in myocardium were measured with chemocolorimetry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During both ischemia period (60 min) and reperfusion period (30 min), +/-dp/dtmax was significantly lower in ischemia/reperfusion group than in sham operation group (P < 0.01), and was significantly higher in EET1, EET2 and EET3 groups than in ischemia/reperfusion group (P < 0.01). cNOS level was significantly lower in ischemia/reperfusion group than in sham operation group, was significantly higher in EET1, EET2 and EET3 groups than in sham operation group (P < 0.01), and was significantly higher in EET2 group than in EET group (P < 0.01). iNOS level was significantly higher in sham operation group than in EET control group (P < 0.05), was significantly higher in ischemia/ reperfusion group than in sham operation group (P < 0.01), and was significantly lower in EET1, EET2 and EET3 groups than in ischemia/reperfusion group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Exogenous 11,12-EET can improve ischemia/reperfusion injury, which may be related with the changes of NOS isozymes.</p>


Subject(s)
8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid , Pharmacology , Animals , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Myocardium , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar
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