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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312776

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Yishen Daluo Decoction (YDD) on the expression of protein lipoprotein (PLP), oligodendrocyte transcription factor 1 (Olig 1), and oligodendrocyte transcription factor 2 (Olig2) in mice with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 40 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups, i.e., the normal group, the model group, the Chinese medicine (CM) group, and the Western medicine (WM) group, 10 mice in each group. Each mouse in the model, CM, and WM groups was subcutaneously injected with 200 microL antigen emulsion (containing 150 micro g PLP139 -151 and 400 micro g H37RA) in two parts at the upper abdomen on the first day. 100 microLBordetella pertussis juice (containing 0. 6 x 10(6) Bordetella pertussis) was injected by caudal vein on the first and the third day. On the 7th day after modeling, each mouse in the normal group and the model group was intragastrically given normal saline (0. 1 mL/10 g). YDD (0. 2 g crude drug/10 g) was intragastrically given to mice in the CM group, and prednisone (0. 039 mg/10 g) was intragastrically given to mice in the WM group. All mice were intervened for 54 days. Changes of PLP, Olig1, and Olig2 in the brain tissue of EAE mice were detected by Western blot. Results The levels of PLP and Olig2 in the brain tissue of the model group were less than those of the normal group (P <0.05). Compared with the model group, the levels of PLP, Olig1, and Olig2 in the brain tissue increased in the CM group (P <0.05); the levels of PLP and Olig2 in the brain tissue increased in the WM group (P <0.05). Compared with the WM group, the level of Olig1 in the brain tissue increased in the CM group (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>YDD could enhance remyelination by elevating the levels of Olig1 and Olig2 in the brain tissue of EAE mice.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Brain , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Mice , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , Oligodendrocyte Transcription Factor 2 , Transcription Factors
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231609

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the mechanism of pulmonary involvement in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients by observing the correlation between pulmonary functions and levels of alpha1-antitrypsin (A1AT) in serum and colon tissue in UC patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 90 patients with confirmed UC were assigned to different groups according to the extent of disease, the disease activity, the staging of severity, and course of disease. The serum level of A1AT in UC patients with different extent of disease, the disease activity, the staging of severity, and course of disease were compared. And 30 healthy volunteers were recruited as the control group. The serum renal and hepatic functions, pulmonary functions, and serum levels of A1AT were detected in the UC group and the control group. The correlation between A1AT and each pulmonary function index in UC patients was analyzed. The A1AT content in the colon tissue was detected with immunohistochemical assay in 20 UC patients as well as in 10 healthy volunteers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 90 UC patients, 54 patients were accompanied with pulmonary function abnormality (60.0%), and 24 with extraintestinal manifestations (26.7%). Compared with the control group, the serum level of A1AT was significantly lower in the UC group (P < 0.05). The serum level of A1AT was significantly higher in those with proctitis than in those with distal colonitis and pancolitis (P < 0.05). The serum level of A1AT was lower in patients with the course of disease 5 years and more than 5 years than in those with the course of disease less than 5 years (P < 0.05). Vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1.0), total lung capacity (TLC), function residual volume (FRV), and the ratio of diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide of lung (DLCO) were much lower in those with proctitis than in those with distal colonitis and pancolitis (P < 0.05). The ratio of FVC was negatively linear correlated with the course of disease (r = -0.23, P = 0.018). There was a positive correlation between the serum level of A1AT and peak expiratory flow (PEF) (r = 0.22, P = 0.03). The level of A1AT in the colon tissue was obviously lower in the UC patients than in those of the control group (P < 0.05). Mild and moderate UC patients had increased levels of A1AT in the colon tissue, when compared with severe UC patients (P < 0.05). The level of A1AT in the colon tissue was higher in those with proctitis than in those with distal colonitis and pancolitis (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prevalence of pulmonary function impairment was higher than other extraintestinal manifestations in UC patients. The pulmonary function test was helpful to screen the pulmonary impairment of UC patients. The A1AT level in the serum and the colon tissue obviously decreased in UC patients, indicating the pulmonary function impairment of UC patients might manifest as decreased A1AT levels correlated chronic airway inflammation, remodeling of airway, and obstructive changes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Case-Control Studies , Colitis, Ulcerative , Metabolism , Pathology , Colon , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Lung , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , alpha 1-Antitrypsin , Blood , Metabolism
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347149

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of extracts from Radix Ginseng, Radix Notoginseng and Rhizoma Chuanxiong (EXT) on delaying vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) aging in aged rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>VSMCs were obtained by the modified tissue explants technique and were shown to be positive for smooth muscle α-actin (SM-α-actin) by immunohistochemistry staining. VSMCs obtained from the young rats were served as the young control group; VSMCs obtained from the old rats were treated with no drug (the old group), with low dose extracts (20 mg/L, the EXT low-concentration group) and high dose extracts (40 mg/L, the EXT high concentration group), and with Probucal (10(-6) mol/L, the Probucal group) as a positive control. All groups were cultured for 24 h in the medium with 10% serum for 24 h followed by another 24 h in the serum-free medium. At the end of the 48-h culture, the following analyses were performed including determination of senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SAβ-Gal) activity, flow cytometry analysis of cell cycle, real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses of p16, Cyclin D1, cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) and retinoblastoma (Rb) mRNA expression, and Western blotting analyses of p16, cyclin D1, CDK4 and phosphoretinoblastoma (pRb) protein expressions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) In comparison to the younger rats, VSMCs from aged rats had significantly more SAβ-Gal positive cells (P<0.01) and more cells in S phase (P<0.05). VSMCs from the all treated groups showed a significant decrease in both SAβ-Gal positive cells (P<0.05) and S phase (P<0.05) compared to the old rats. (2) Compared with the young group, VSMCs in the old group had a significant decrease in p16 and Rb mRNA expression and a significant increase in Cyclin D1 and CDK4 mRNA expression. Compared with the old group, VSMCs in the treated groups had a significant increase in p16 and Rb mRNA expression and a significant decrease in Cyclin D1 and CDK4 mRNA expression (P<0.05). (3) Compared with the young group, VSMCs in the old group had a significant decrease in p16 protein expression and a significant increase in Cyclin D1, CDK4 and pRb protein expressions (P<0.05). Compared with the old group, VSMCs in the treated groups had a significant increase in p16 protein expression and a significant decrease in cyclinD1, CDK4 and pRb protein expressions (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>VSMCs obtained from old rats showed typical signs of cellular senescence and vascular aging. EXT had an effect on delaying senescence of VSMCs in vitro by altering the p16-cyclinD/CDK-Rb pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Aging , Animals , Aorta , Cell Biology , Cell Cycle , Cellular Senescence , Cyclin D1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation , Male , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Panax , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Retinoblastoma Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , beta-Galactosidase , Metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242393

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of ginseng-sanqi extract (GSE) on the vascular endothelium growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2), Ras and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in VEGFR-2-Ras-MAPK signal pathway of angiogenesis in cultured human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The protein expressions of VEGFR-2, Ras and MAPK in HUVEC and the effects of GSE (at different doses) and basic fibrin growth factor (bFGF) on them were detected by Western-Blot test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>GSE can enhance the expression of angiogenesis signaling proteins (VEGFR-2, Ras, MAPK) to different extents, especially in the groups treated by bFGF or higher dose GSE, the levels showed significant differences to those in the blank group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GSE can promote the expressions of VEGFR-2, Ras and MAPK in the angiogenesis signaling pathway, which may be the foundation of Chinese medicine for tonifying qi and activating blood circulation in promoting endothelial proliferation and angiogenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Humans , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 , Metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273699

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of Huoxue Injection (HXI, a Chinese herbal preparation consisted of red sage, chuanxiong, safflower and red peony root) on the expressions of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and the adherence of monocytes to endothelial cells in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) injured by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Model of injured cell was established by adding ox-LDL into the culture of HUVECs, and the model cells were intervened with HXI. The adhesive percentage of the model cells to monocytes was determined by protein quantification; mRNA and protein expressions of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 were determined by RT-PCR and flow cytometry respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After HUVEC being treated with ox-LDL for 12 h and 24 h, its adhesion rate to monocytes increased, with the mRNA and protein expressions of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in HUVEC enhanced significantly, showing significant differences as compared with those in the normal control (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). HXI could significantly reverse the above-mentioned changes dose-dependently, showing that these parameters in the HXI intervened cells significantly different to those in the untreated model cells respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HXI could inhibit the adherence of endothelial cells to monocytes by way of down-regulating the endothelial superficial adhesion molecules, so as to display its protection on endothelial cells, which should be helpful for reducing or suppressing the formation of atherosclerosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cells, Cultured , Down-Regulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL , Pharmacology , Monocytes , Cell Biology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Umbilical Veins , Cell Biology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324798

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective mechanism of geniposide, baicalin and berberine on hypoxia and reoxygenation injury in cultured rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cells.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A model of four hours hypoxia and twelve hours reoxygenation injury in rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cells in vitro was established. The injured cells were treated with geniposide (0.128, 0.064, 0.032 mmol x L(-1)), baicalin (0.028, 0.014, 0.007 mmol L(-1)) and berberine (0.024, 0.012, 0.006 mmol L(-1)), respectively. The immunocytochemical method and techniques of image quantitative analysis were used to detect the mean optical density and mean area in order to match the protein expression of VCAM-1. The method of RT-PCR was adopted to observe and match the mRNA expression of VCAM-1.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>As compared with the normal group, the mean optical density, the mean area and the mRNA expression of VCAM-1 of model group were significant increased (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.01). As compared with the model group, both the mean optical density and the mean area of all treated groups were decreased, and there was significant difference between them (P < 0.01, P < 0.01). As compared with normal group, the mean optical density of baicalin (0.007 mmol x L(-1)) and berberine (0.012, 0.006 mmol x L(-1)) were significant decreased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.01), but there was no significant difference between the other groups and the normal group. As compared with normal group, the mean area of baicalin (0.0014 mmol x L(-1)) was significant decreased (P < 0.05), but there was significant difference between the other groups and the normal group. The mRNA expression of all treated groups was not only lower than that of the model group but also higher than that of the normal group (P < 0.05, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results suggest that geniposide, baicalin and berberine, which are effective compositions of huanglian jiedu decoting, can protect hypoxia-reoxygenation injuried rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cells. One of the protected mechanisms is that they can inhibit the expression of VCAM-1.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Berberine , Pharmacology , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Cerebrum , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Endothelium, Vascular , Metabolism , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Gene Expression , Humans , Hypoxia , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Iridoids , Pharmacology , Male , Oxygen , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295463

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective mechanism of geniposide, baicalin and berberine on hypoxia and reoxygenation injury in cultured rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cells.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>To establish a model of hypoxia four hours and reoxygenation twelve hours injury in rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cells in vitro. The injured cells were treated with geniposide (0. 128, 0.064, 0.032 micromol mL(-1), baicalin (0.028, 0.014, 0.007 micromol mL(- 1)) and berberine (0.024, 0.012, 0.006 micromol mL(-1)). The expression of p65 subunit of NF-kappaB was detected by immunocytochemical assay and techniques of image quantitative analysis. The protein expression of NF-kappaB was calculated with the mean optical density and mean area. The nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB was calculated with the percentage of positive cells and ratios of light transmittance of cytoplasm and cell nucleus.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the normal group, both the protein expression and the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB of model group were significant increased (P <0.01). Compared with the model group, the mean optical density of all treated groups was decreased ,but these was no significant difference between them. As compared with model group, the mean area of all treated groups was significant decreased (P < 0.01). The percentage of nuclear translocation of all treated groups is not only lower than that of the model group but higher than that of the normal group (P <0.01). Compared with the model group, the ratios of light transmittance of cytoplasm and cell nucleus of all treated groups was significantly elevated (P <0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results suggesed that geniposide, baicalin and berberine could protect hypoxia/reoxygenation injuried rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cells injury. One of the mechanism may lie in inhibiting both the protein expression and the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Gene Expression Regulation , Hypoxia , Male , Microvessels , Pathology , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Oxygen , Metabolism , Protein Transport , Rats
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264882

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe effect of Huoxue injection on the expression of intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), the adherence of monocytes to endothelial cells, and the regulation role of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) injury induced by the oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The ox-LDL (100 mg x L(-1)) was added to the cultured HUVEC to prepare the injury model of HUVEC. The adhesive percentage between HUVEC treated with ox-LDL and monocytes was determined by protein quantification. Expression of mRNA and protein of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 were determined by RT-PCR and flow cytometry respectively. The percentage of positive cells and the ratio of nuclei and cytoplasm of NF-kappaB p65 staining in HUVEC the were examined by cell immunochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Treatment of HUVEC with ox-LDL for 12, 24 hours significantly increased adhesion of monocytes to HUVEC and enhanced the expressions of mRNA and protein of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. The percentage of positive cells and the ratio of nuclei and cytoplasm of NF-kappaB p65 staining in HUVEC were significantly increased after treatment with ox-LDL for 24 hours. Huo Xue Injection could significantly inhibit the adhesion between monocyte and HUVEC, the expression of mRNA and protein of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, and declined the percentage of positive cells and the ratio of nuclei and cytoplasm of NF-kappaB p65 staining in HUVEC. The effects were strengthened with increasing the deal of Huoxue injection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Huoxue injection has an inhibitory effect on the adherence of monocytes to HUVEC, probably by way of down-regulating the expression of mRNA and protein of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in HUVEC. The mechanism is probably associated with inhibiting the activation of NF-kappaB p65 of HUVEC. The effects of Huoxue injection can bring about the protective effect to endothelial cells injury induced by ox-LDL.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Adhesion , Cells, Cultured , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Injections , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Lipoproteins, LDL , Metabolism , Monocytes , Cell Biology , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Umbilical Veins , Cell Biology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343956

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To comparatively study the effects of three TCM methods for activating blood circulation, i.e. in combined with resolving stasis (A), regulating qi (B) and supplementing qi (C), respectively, on early stage cell apoptosis in precancerous lesion of rats with chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat model of CAG with precancerous lesion was duplicated by insertion of spring in pylorus and gastric perfusion of high-salt hot paste; and the impact of treatment on cell apoptosis was determined using Annexin V/PI double labeled flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After being intervened for 12 weeks, the early stage cell apoptosis rate in the natural recovery group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P <0.01); while it lowered more significantly in the three groups receiving TCM therapeutic methods for activating blood circulation, showing significant difference compared with the natural recovery group (P <0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Three therapies of activating blood circulation all show inhibitory action on the early stage apoptosis of precancerous lesion in CAG rats, which is possibly one of their action mechanisms for improving or reversing the precancerous lesion.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Blood Circulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Gastritis, Atrophic , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Precancerous Conditions , Drug Therapy , Qi , Rats , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337575

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the protective effect of panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) on human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) injury induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) for investigating the mechanism of PNS in treating arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Taking the cultured HUVECs as target cells, ox-LDL was used to establish a model of injured HUVEC and it was then intervened by PNS. The morphologic changes of HUVEC were observed under light microscope; activity of cells was determined by MTT method; the adhesive percentage between ox-LDL treated HUVEC and monocyte detennined by protein quantification and the protein expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) determined by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the time points of HUVEC being treated with ox-LDL (100 mg/L) for 12 h and 24 h, significant injury of HUVEC was shown, its activity reduced, the adhesion rate with monocytes elevated, and the protein expression of ICAM-l in HUVEC increased significantly (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). PNS showed significant effect in reversing all the above changes, as compared with the control group (without PNS treaded), respective significant difference was shown in all the four indexes (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PNS has a protective effect on endothelial cells injury induced by ox-LDL,which may be one of its mechanisms in treating ASO. The protective effect of PNS is probably by way of down-regulating the expression of ICAM-1 in endothelial cells and inhibiting the adherence of monocytes to endothelial cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Arteriosclerosis , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Cell Adhesion , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Endothelium, Vascular , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL , Metabolism , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Umbilical Veins , Cell Biology , Metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245997

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effect of geniposide, baicalin and berberine for the rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cell.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The model of hypoxia and reoxygenation injury in rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cells in vitro was established. Both normal and model cells were treated with geniposide (1.024, 0.512, 0.256, 0.128, 0.064, 0.032, 0.016, 0.008 micromol x mL(-1)), baicalin (0.224, 0.112, 0.056, 0.028, 0.014, 0.007, 0.003 micromol x mL(-1)) and berberine (0.192, 0.096, 0.048, 0.024, 0.012, 0.006, 0.003 micromol x mL(-1)). Cell activity was measured by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) test.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After hypoxia/hypoglycemia cultures for 4 hour and reoxygenation for 12 hour, geniposide (0.128, 0.064, 0.032 micromol x mL(-1)), baicalin (0.028, 0.014, 0.007 micromol x mL(-1)) and berberine (0.024, 0.012, 0.006 micromol x microL(-1) could protect the injuried cerebral microvascular endothelial cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Appropriate concentration of geniposide, baicalin and berberine, which are effective components of Huanglian Jiedu decoction, could protect the injuried cerebral microvascular endothelial cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Berberine , Pharmacology , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Cerebral Cortex , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Iridoids , Pharmacology , Male , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Oxygen , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Pyrans , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283400

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the characteristics of early application of the recipe for activating blood circulation and the recipe for supplementing qi for inhibiting left ventricular remodeling and apoptosis in rats with heart failure.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The left coronary artery occlusion was conducted to establish the rat model of heart failure after myocardial infarction. The model rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, including model group, activating blood circulation group (8 g x kg(-1)), supplementing qi group (8 g x kg(-1)), activating blood circulation plus supplementing qi group (16 g x kg(-1)), and captopril group (10.125 g x kg(-1)), and a sham operation group was set up as negative control group. The drugs were administrated on the second day after myocardial infarction with a therapeutic course of 4 weeks or 8 weeks. The heart function was detected by impedance method; Pathological staining and image analysis were used to determine the perimeter and the area of left ventricular cavity, and myocardial nuclei number and collagen content per unit area; Apoptosis percentage of the myocardial cell was detected by TUNEL and the content of Ang II in the cardiac muscle was measured by radioimmunoassay.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>In comparison with the model group, the function of left ventricular contraction function improved, the area of left ventricular cavity diminished, and proliferation of collagen, content of Ang II and apoptosis percentage of the myocardial cell reduced in all of the treatment groups (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). After treatment of 8 weeks, the activating blood circulation group was similar to the sham operation group in improvement of cardiac index, and decreases of the area of left ventricular cavity and the content of Ang II; Apoptosis percentage of the myocardial cell in the activating blood circulation group was significantly lower than that in the supplementing qi group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both the recipes for activating blood circulation and for supplementing qi can inhibit left ventricular remodeling and myocardial apoptosis, and delay development of heart failure, with the best effect in the activating blood circulation group after treatment of 8 weeks.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II , Metabolism , Animals , Apoptosis , Astragalus propinquus , Chemistry , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Heart Failure , Metabolism , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardium , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Pathology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Qi , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Ventricular Remodeling
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287312

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect and the possible mechanism underlying the promotional effect of Astragalus membranaceus and Panax notoginseng on the transformation of bone narrow stem cells and proliferation of EPC.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The marrow blood was collected in the patients with ischemia of lower limbs and BM-MNCs were separated and proliferated under different conditions. A. morphologic observation was performed and the ratio of CD34+ cells was measured.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The shuttle shaped cells lined up as bunches with several round cells scattered. The ratio of CD34+ cells was significantly increased in groups treated with medium (P < 0.01) and lower (P < 0.05) dosages of A. membranaceus and medium (P < 0.01) and high dosages (P < 0.01) of P. notoginseng respectively as compared with control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A. membranaceus and P. notoginseng can promote the transformation and proliferation of EPC.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Astragalus propinquus , Chemistry , Cell Proliferation , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287271

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protect effects of Qingkailing injection on mitochondrion membrane potential (MMP) during injury induced by hypoxia-hypoglycemia and reoxygenation in cultured rat hippocampal neurons.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Mitochondrion activity was measured by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) test. MMP and apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry. intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) was measured with confocal laser scanning microscopy.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Hypoxia-hypoglycemia cultures for 5 hour and reoxygenation for 3 hour induced intracellular[Ca2+]i and apoptosis rate significantly increased. The effects were increased with the extending time of reoxygenation. MMP and mitochondrion activity declined significantly after 3 hour reoxygenation. The effects were declined with the extending time of reoxygenation. Qingkailing injection might have significantly decrease intracellular [Ca2+]i and apoptosis rate, increase MMP and mitochondrion activity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Qingkailing Injection might have significantly inhibit the decline in MMP induced by hypoxia-hypoglycemia and reoxygenation, and had effects of stable it and anti-neuronal apoptosis. The effects might be related to inhibit overload of intracellular free calcium.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Calcium , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Pathology , Hypoglycemia , Pathology , Injections , Membrane Potentials , Mitochondria , Physiology , Neurons , Pathology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269916

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect drug contained canine serum, prepared by gastric perfusion with Sanchi extract (SE), in inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis of cultured precancerous gastric cells by cell culture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The precancerous model cells (MC) used in the experiment were prepared through transforming eternalized human gastric mucosa epithelial cells GES-1 by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso-guanidine (MNNG). After once gastric perfusion of SE extract to dogs, the canine serum gotten before and at different time points after medication was used for test. The inhibitory effect of the drug serum obtained at different time points on MC after acting for 72 hrs was detected by 3-(4,5)-dimethy thioazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazoliumbromide (MTT) method to find the optimal time point for drug serum preparation, that were 2 hrs and 6 hrs after medication. Then the cell apoptosis promoting effect after acting for 72 hrs of the drug serum obtained at the optimal time points was determined by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The drug serum obtained at 2-hr and 6-hr after medication showed the highest inhibitive effect on MC cells, reaching 45.3% and 42.4% respectively, as compared with the effect of blank serum, the difference was significant (P<0.01). They could evidently promote the MC cell apoptosis, the apoptosis rate also showed significant difference to that of the blank serum (P < 0.05). Under their action, the proportion of MC cells in G0/G1 phase was obviously decreased (P < 0.05) while that in the G2/M phase significantly increased (P <0.05). However, the change of cells in S phase was not uniform.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The drug contained canine serum gotten 2 hr and 6 hr after SE feeding shows the optimal MC proliferation inhibitive effect and significant apoptosis promoting effect. Besides, it could significantly decrease the proportion of MC cells in G0/G1 phase and significantly increase that in G2/M phase, this effect might be one of the mechanisms of ES in inhibiting MC cell proliferation and promoting its apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Araliaceae , Cell Proliferation , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic , Cells, Cultured , Dogs , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Embryo, Mammalian , Gastric Mucosa , Cell Biology , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Humans , Methylnitronitrosoguanidine , Precancerous Conditions , Pathology , Stomach Neoplasms , Pathology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284517

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of recipe for activating blood circulation and supplementing Qi (RAS) on cardiac functional structure in rats with post-infarction heart failure (PIHF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat model of PIHF was established by left coronary artery ligation. Left ventricular samples of model rats from infarcted or peri-infarcted area were obtained at PIHF formation stage and stable stage (10 days and 8 weeks respectively after operation), the total RNA extracted and detected using 6 pieces of rat's 40s gene microarray (4096 genes/microarray), the data were analyzed using software as Genespring, Treeview, Clustering and SOM. Besides, RAS was used to treat the model rats beginning from 4 weeks after modeling and lasted for 4 weeks, changes of heart function and cardiac coefficient before and after treatment were observed by impedance method with Captopril as positive control.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Genespring analysis showed thousands of genes differential expression (upper or down regulated), including 13 kinds of gene involving energy metabolism, myocardial cytoskeleton, fibrosis, etc. which, in the infarcted area at heart formation stage were 1086 genes and at the stable stage, 724 genes, while in the peri-infarcted area, formation stage 196 genes and stable stage 97 genes. (2) After RAS or Captopril treatment, the heart function improved significantly, with the stroke volume, cardiac output and cardiac index increased significantly (P < 0.01). RAS could also improve the cardiac coefficient of model rats, as compared with that in untreated model, P < 0.01, compared with that in the sham-operated rats, P < 0.05.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PIHF is a kind of overload heart disease with multiple genes abnormality. RAS could improve the heart function and histologic indexes, so as to treat the heart failure.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cardiotonic Agents , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gene Expression , Heart Failure , Genetics , Myocardial Infarction , Genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358052

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish an in vitro injury model of ischemia-reperfusion in cerebral microvascular endothelial cells of rats and observe the protective effect of cholic acid.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Cultured rat microvascular endothelial cells were subjected to the oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) (Krebs solution) and recovery of oxygen-glucose, which simulated in vitro ischemia and reperfusion injury, and treated with cholic acid. The A value was measured with MIT chromatometry.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Cultured cells were impaired after OGD for 4 hours and recovery of oxygen-glucose for 12 hours, the A value of the cells treated with cholic acid was significantly higher than that of the cells without treatment (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Cholic acid could obviously protect rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cells from injury induced by an in vitro ischemia-reperfusion.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Brain Ischemia , Pathology , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Cholic Acid , Pharmacology , Endothelial Cells , Pathology , Male , Microcirculation , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Pathology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234878

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Danshensu (DSS) and Ligustrazine (TMZ), the extracts of Chinese herbs for promoting blood circulation, on angiotensin II (Ang II) induced myocardial hypertrophy and its related genes, and to explore the mechanisms of inhibitory effect.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adopting one-step method, the total RNA of myocardial cells was extracted by TRIzol reagent. Then the expression of ANP and beta-actin mRNA, as symbol of myocardial cells, were detected by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Molecular biological research showed that Ang II could significantly increase the expression of ANP mRNA in myocardial cells (P < 0.01), which could be significantly inhibited by Losartan (P < 0.01), both DSS and TMZ had the inhibitory effect (P < 0.05). Ang II could increase beta-actin mRNA expression in myocardial cells simultaneously, Losartan, DSS and TMZ could also significantly inhibit it (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The effective ingredients of Chinese herbs for promoting blood circulation, DSS and TMZ, have the effect of inhibiting the hyper-expression of ANP and beta-actin induced by Ang II, and preventing myocardial hypertrophy, therefore, it could be used to prevent and treat cardiomegaly.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Genetics , Cardiomegaly , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Lactates , Pharmacology , Male , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats , Rats, Wistar
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256326

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the protective effects of salidroside on injury induced by hypoxia/hypoglycemia in cultured SH-SY5Y cell.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Apoptosis and intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) were measured by flow cytometry, morphological changes and neuronal necrosis were observed with fluorescence microscope, and the lactic dehydrogenate (LDH) release was measured by LDH kits.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Hypoxia/hypoglycemia cultures for 2 hours induced neuronal apoptosis and necrosis. They were 18.59% (P < 0.01) and 4.94% (P < 0.01) respectively. There were morphological changes including chromatin condensation, nuclear fragmentation and formed apoptotic bodies after exposed to hypoxia/hypoglycemia for 2, 4, 6, 12 hours. After 2 hours of hypoxia/hypoglycemia, neuronal [Ca2+]i and the release of LDH were significantly increased. They were 8.46 nmol/L (P < 0.01) and 16.59% (P < 0.01) respectively. The effects were enhanced with the extending time of hypoxia/hypoglycemia. Salidroside might have significantly decreased the percentage of neuronal apoptosis and necrosis, reduced neuronal [Ca2+]i and the release of LDH. The effects of salidroside were strengthened with the increasing of Salidroside dosage.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Salidroside has effect of anti-neuronal apoptosis. This effect might be related to its function of decreasing intracellular free calcium concentration.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Calcium , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Glucosides , Pharmacology , Humans , Hypoglycemia , Metabolism , Pathology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Neurons , Pathology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Phenols , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rhodiola , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266819

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the inhibitory effects of Panax Notoginseng Saponins(PNS) on apoptosis induced by hypoxia/hypoglycemia and reoxygenation in cultured rat hippocampal neurons.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Apoptosis were measured by flow cytometry, intracellular free calcium concentration([Ca2+]i) was measured with confocal laser scanning microscopy, morphological changes and neuronal necrosis were observed with fluorescence microscope, and meanwhile the leakage of lactic dehydrogenase(LDH) was measured.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Hypoxia/hypoglycemia cultures for 5 hours and reoxygenation induced neuronal apoptosis and necrosis, and significantly increased neuronal [Ca2+]i and the leakage of LDH. The effects were increased with the extending time of reoxygenation. PNS has could significantly decrease the percentage of neuronal apoptosis and necrosis, and reduce neuronal [Ca2+]i and the leakage of LDH.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PNS has inhibitory effect on neuronal apoptosis. This effect might be related to its effect of decreasing intracellular free calcium concentration.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Calcium , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Fetus , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Cell Biology , Hypoglycemia , Pathology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Neurons , Cell Biology , Panax , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar
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