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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828995

ABSTRACT

Pseudorabies virus (PRV), a veterinary pathogen that infects domestic animals as well as wild animals such as wild boar and feral swine, was recently reported to infect human and led to endophthalmitis and encephalitis. A retrospective seroepidemiologic survey was conducted using 1,335 serum samples collected from patients with encephalitis and ELISA positive rates were 12.16%, 14.25%, and 6.52% in 2012, 2013, and 2017, respectively. The virus neutralizing antibody titers of positive samples correlated well with ELISA results. The pseudorabies virus antibody positive rate of patients with encephalitis were higher than that of healthy people in 2017. The above results suggest that some undefined human encephalitis cases may be caused by PRV infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Blood , China , Encephalitis , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Herpesvirus 1, Suid , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Pseudorabies , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Retrospective Studies , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Young Adult
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 160-167, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780570

ABSTRACT

In order to explore MYB transcription factors related to developmental processes and secondary metabolism in Morinda officinalis, we analyzed MoMYB expression based on transcriptome data from three tissues (root, stem and leaf). We used this analysis to provide a theoretical foundation for regulating the metabolism of M. officinalis. RNA-seq data along with the five databases including PFAM and plantTFDB and others were used to screen and classify MoMYB, including GO functional annotation and classification, subcellular localization, signal peptide prediction, conserved motif discovery, and comparative phylogenetic analysis. RT-qPCR was carried out to detect tissue-specific expression differences of MoMYB genes. According to transcriptome data, 109 MoMYB sequences were identified and divided into four classes, containing 51 sequences related to R2R3-MYB. Subcellular localization analysis indicated that a majority of sequences were located in nucleus. Blast2GO analysis showed that 109 MoMYB sequences were classified into three major functional ontologies including molecular function (112), biological processes (76) and cellular components (239). The R2-MYB conserved motif of 51 R2R3-MYB sequences possessed three significantly conserved tryptophan residues, whereas a phenylalanine replaced the first tryptophan in R3-MYB. The results of multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis revealed that the R2R3-MYB was distributed in all subgroups, apart from the S10, S19 and S21 subgroups. RT-qPCR indicated that several R2R3-MYB genes were differentially expressed among the three tissues, and this finding was consistent with transcriptome data. The 109 MoMYB sequences were annotated and divided into different classes, which lays the foundation for further study on MYB transcriptional factors in M. officinalis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of addition and subtraction therapy of Guyinjian on oocyte quality, pregnancy outcome and ovarian reserve function in patients with poor ovarian response (POR) with kidney Yin deficiency syndrome. Method:Ninety patients were randomly divided into control group (45 cases) and observation group (45 cases) by random number table. The patients in both groups got antagonist. Based on such treatment, the patients in observation received additional addition and subtraction therapy of Guyinjian. The using time and amount of gonadotropin (Gn), ovum taking cycle, cycle canceling rate, fertilization rate, available embryo rate, quality embryo rate, ovulation cycle clinical pregnancy rate were recorded. Levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), serum estradiol (E2) and endometrial thickness, anti mullerian hormone (AMH), resistance index (RI), pulsation index (PI), end diastolic velocity (EDV) and peak systolic velocity (PSV) were detected. Ratio of PSV/EDV (S/D) was calculated, and scores of kidney yin deficiency syndrome were graded before and after treatment. Result:Total amount of Gn in observation group was less than that in control group (PP2 were higher than those in control group (PPPχ2=5.124, Pχ2=5.767, PPPPPConclusion:Addition and subtraction therapy of Guyinjian can increase ovarian blood supply, improve high ovarian reserve function, reduce Gn consumption, increase number of acquired eggs, alleviate symptoms of kidney yin deficiency, and can ameliorate ovarian responsiveness and pregnancy outcome.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 971-976, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299181

ABSTRACT

Cyclophosphamide (CPA) is the most common alkylating antineoplastic agent, as well as a strong immunosuppressant that is frequently applied to autoimmune diseases and organ transplantation. It is metabolized by cytochrome P450 oxidases (CYPs) to its active metabolite which played a critical role in therapy. CPA has serious and even fatal side effects, and its efficacy and adverse reactions are significantly varied among individuals. In this review, the association of the genetic polymorphisms in the metabolic enzymes and transporters involved in the disposition of CPA with the efficacy and adverse effects of CPA were summarized, thereby providing fundamental reference for further pharmacogenomic study of CPA.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating , Pharmacology , Cyclophosphamide , Pharmacology , Humans , NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase , Metabolism , Pharmacogenetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320644

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of 1,25-(OH)2D3 supplementation during gestation and lactation on TGF-β1 and Smad3 expression in lungs of rat offspring with asthma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-two female Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: low-, medium- and high-dose 1,25-(OH)2D3 supplementation and control groups (n=8 each). From the 7th day of gestation, the three 1,25-(OH)2D3 supplementation groups were administered with 2,10 and 20 μg/mL of 1,25-(OH)2D3 respectively every other day until weaning (rat offspring: 21 days old). The control group received normal saline instead. Then, bronchial asthma was induced in rat offspring from the 4 groups. The protein and mRNA expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 in the lung tissue was measured by immunochemistry and RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eosinophil cell infiltration and airway inflammation decreased in rat offspring from the low- and medium-dose 1,25-(OH)2D3 groups, but increased in rat offspring of the high-dose 1,25-(OH)2D3 group compared with the control group. Immunohistochemistry of lung tissues showed that the expression of TGF-β1 protein and pSmad3 decreased in rat offspring from the low- and medium-dose 1,25-(OH)2D3 groups (P<0.05), but increased significantly in rat offspring from the high-dose 1,25-(OH)2D3 group compared with the control group (P<0.05). PCR showed that the expression of TGF-β1 and Smad3 mRNA in the lung tissue decreased in rat offspring from the low- and medium-dose 1,25-(OH)2D3 groups (P<0.05), but increased significantly in rat offspring from the high-dose 1,25-(OH)2D3 group compared with the control group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>1,25-(OH)2D3 supplementation plays a role in regulating the immune system in asthmatic rats. Its mechanism may be associated with regulation of the expression of TGF-β/Smad signal pathway-related proteins through the vitamin D receptor signal pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Metabolism , Cholecalciferol , Dietary Supplements , Female , Lactation , Metabolism , Lung , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Signal Transduction , Smad3 Protein , Genetics , Physiology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Genetics , Physiology
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 947-950, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641833

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the characteristics of retinal detachment surgery after laser  in situ  keratomileusis (LASIK).METHODS: Eleven eyes of ten patients that experienced rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after LASIK procedure participated in the study. The characteristics of retinal detachment, management and complications after surgery were analyzed . RESULTS: Retinal detachment was characterized by the large percentage of multiple peripheral holes (73%) and giant tears (27%). All eyes underwent sclera buckling, and three of them combined with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and silicone oil tamponade. Silicone oil was removed after 1 month. Retina was reattached successfully at the first retinal detachment surgery in all eyes except one that succeeded at the fourth time. One eye of LASIK flap dehiscence and one eye of corneal subepithelial opacity occurred after surgery.CONCLUSION: Patients after LASIK should be carefully examined under pupillary dilation during follow-up. Sclera buckling is necessary to most retinal detachment after LASIK, and corneal protection is important in the treatment.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 984-988, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242532

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Neovascularization can cause vision loss in proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and may be affected by many factors. Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is a potent stimulator of angiogenesis. The study was aimed to investigate the expression of SDF-1 and its correlation with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the eyes with diabetic retinopathy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The levels of SDF-1 and VEGF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in the vitreous of 41 eyes of 41 patients with PDR and 12 eyes of 12 patients with idiopathic macular hole (IMH). Vitreous fluid samples and fibrovascular preretinal membranes were obtained at vitrectomy. SDF-1 and VEGF were localized using immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The vitreous concentration of VEGF was significantly higher in eyes with PDR ((2143.7 +/- 1685.21) pg/ml) than in eyes with IMH ((142.42 +/- 72.83) pg/ml, P < 0.001). The vitreous level of SDF-1 was also significantly higher in eyes with PDR ((306.37 +/- 134.25) pg/ml) than in eyes with IMH ((86.91 +/- 55.05) pg/ml, P < 0.001). The concentrations of both VEGF and SDF-1 were higher in eyes with active PDR than in eyes with inactive PDR. Panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) could decrease the SDF-1 levels in the vitreous of PDR patients. The vitreous concentration of SDF-1 correlated with that of VEGF in eyes with PDR (r = 0.61, P < 0.001). The costaining of SDF-1 and VEGF was confined to the vascular components in preretinal membranes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SDF-1 protein is highly expressed in both the vitreous and preretinal membranes of PDR patients; SDF-1 may be correlated with VEGF in angiogenesis in PDR.</p>


Subject(s)
Chemokine CXCL12 , Metabolism , Diabetic Retinopathy , Metabolism , Pathology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Metabolism , Retinal Perforations , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism , Vitrectomy , Vitreous Body , Metabolism
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2566-2571, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265895

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Neural apoptosis is generally believed to be mediated by two distinct pathways, caspase-dependant and caspase-independent pathways. This study investigated the apoptotic pathways involved in retinal ganglion cells in acute diabetes in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats by a peritoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Expression and localization of caspase-3 and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) proteins in the retina of diabetic rats was examined by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry analyses. Terminal transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and immunofluorescent staining specific for caspase-3 and AIF were applied to analyze for apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells. In addition, a caspase-3 inhibitor DEVD-CHO was injected intravitreally to further determine the apoptotic pathways of retinal ganglion cells triggered in acute diabetes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two weeks after induction of diabetes, a significant increase in caspase-3 protein expression and localization occurred in the nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell layer, and inner plexiform layer of the retina. Four weeks after the onset of diabetes, the increase in caspase-3 expression was profound eight weeks postinduction of diabetes (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, no AIF protein expression was detected in this study. In addition, intravitreal administration of the caspase-3 inhibitor DEVD-CHO reduced apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells by its direct inhibitory action on caspase-3.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Caspase-dependent apoptotic pathways may be the main stimulant of STZ-induced retinal ganglion cell apoptosis in acute diabetes.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Physiology , Apoptosis Inducing Factor , Metabolism , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Blotting, Western , Body Weight , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase Inhibitors , Caspases , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Male , Oligopeptides , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Retina , Metabolism , Retinal Ganglion Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism
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