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1.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 399-405, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992845

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of qualitative characteristics of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and VueBox quantitative parameters in the evaluation of pathological molecular typing of breast cancer.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 133 patients with pathologically confirmed breast cancer who underwent CEUS examination in the People′s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from January 2020 to July 2022. The patients were divided into Luminal A type, Luminal B type, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2(HER-2) type and triple negative type according to the results of immunohistochemistry. The differences of qualitative characteristics and quantitative parameters of CEUS in different molecular subtypes of breast cancer were analyzed. The ROC curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of CEUS in the differentiation of molecular subtypes of breast cancer.Results:There were significant differences in enhancement intensity, post-enhancement boundary, filling defect and peripheral radial convergence among different molecular subtypes of breast cancer(all P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in enhancement uniformity ( P>0.05). Peak enhancement (PE), wash-in and wash-out areas under the curve (WiWoAUC), and wash-in ratio (WiR) of HER-2 type and triple-negative type breast cancer were higher than Luminal A type and Luminal B type (all P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that PE and radial convergence had reasonable diagnostic efficiency in Luminal A type, and the areas under the curve were 0.849 and 0.780, sensitivity was 0.711 and 0.889, specificity was 0.909 and 0.671, accuracy was 0.842 and 0.744, respectively. The areas under the curve of PE in diagnosing Luminal B type was 0.852, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 0.825, 0.763 and 0.782, respectively. The area under the curve of WiWoAUC and filling defect in diagnosing HER-2 type were 0.912 and 0.898, the sensitivity was 0.903 and 0.903, the specificity was 0.853 and 0.892, and the accuracy was 0.865 and 0.895, respectively. The area under the curve of clear boundary after enhancement in diagnosing triple negative type was 0.919, and the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 0.941, 0.897 and 0.902, respectively. Conclusions:There are differences in the qualitative characteristics and quantitative parameters of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in different molecular types of breast cancer. CEUS is suggested as a noninvasive modality for preoperative prediction of molecular subtypes of breast cancer.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 633-637, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the medication law of external application of TCM in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris (PV) by using data mining method.Methods:Clinical controlled trial literature about external application of TCM in the treatment of PV was retrieved from CNKI, VIP, WanFang, SinoMed, PubMed and Cochrane Library from the establishment of the databases to May 23, 2022. Prescriptions were extracted after screening. TCM inheritance computing platform V3.0 was used to analyze the property, taste, meridian, efficacy, use frequency, common medicinal pairs and the core combinations.Results:A total 186 prescriptions were included, involving 190 kinds of Chinese materia medica. The medicines were mostly bitter and cold in property and taste, mainly belonging to the liver and heart meridians. Heat-clearing drugs were mainly used, followed by blood circulation-activating and stasis-eliminating medicines, and tonic medicines. The ten most frequently used medicines were Sophorae Flavescentis Radix, Dictamni Cortex, Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex, Kochiae Fructus, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Salviea Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Poria, Rehmannine Radix, and Arnebiae Radix; the 3 commonly used medicinal pairs were Sophorae Flavescentis Radix- Dictamni Cortex, Sophorae Flavescentis Radix- Cnidii Fructus, and Sophorae Flavescentis Radix- Kochiae Fructus; 4 combinations were obtained through evolution. Conclusions:External application of TCM for the treatment of PV is around the core pathogenesis of "heat toxin", mainly treating from the blood, including cooling blood and detoxifcation, activating blood circulation and removing stasis, nourishing the blood and moistening dryness. Clearing heat and drying dampness, dispelling wind and relieving itching are also valued. The treating thoughts can provide some references for clinical treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 214-219, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014688

ABSTRACT

The main function of vitamin D is to regulate calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism, but in recent years, it has also been confirmed that it can participate in mitochondrial metabolism and autophagy, and further affect skeletal muscle cells, liver cells, nerve cells, etc. This article mainly discusses the effect of vitamin D on diabetic neuropathy by improving mitochondrial function and regulating autophagy, so as to provide a theoretical basis for the clinical application of vitamin D.

4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 302-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920772

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the effects of bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol S ( BPS ), bisphenol F ( BPF ) and bisphenol AF ( BPAF ) on the proliferation and oxidative stress of BRL 3A rat liver cells, and to preliminarily evaluate their mutagenicities.@*Methods@#In vitro cultured BRL 3A rat liver cells were treated with BPA, BPS, BPF and BPAF at concentrations of 0, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 150 and 200 μmol/L for 48 h, respectively. Then, the cell viability was determined using the CCK-8 assay, and the half maximal inhibitory concentration ( IC50 ) was calculated. The minimum inhibitory concentration for BRL 3A cell proliferation was screened, and the intracellular reactive oxygen species ( ROS ) was measured in BRL 3A cells using the 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate ( DCFH-DA ) assay. In addition, the effects of BPA, BPS, BPF and BPAF at concentrations of 1 000, 200, 40, 8 and 1.6 μg/plate on the mutant colonies of histidine-deficient Salmonella typhimurium ( TA1535, TA97a, TA98, TA100 and TA102 ) were tested using the Ames test.@*Results@#Treatment with BPA and BPF at concentrations of 100 to 200 μmol/L and with BPAF at concentrations of 25 to 200 μmol/L inhibited BRL 3A cell survival at a concentration-dependent manner, while exposure to BPS at concentrations of 5 to 200 μmol/L resulted in no changes in BRL 3A cell survival. The IC50 values of BPA, BPS, BPF and BPAF were 131.7, >200, 187.5 and 21.6 μmol/L against BRL 3A cells, respectively. Treatment with BPS at 100 μmol/L or BPAF at 25 μmol/L caused no significant changes in the ROS level; however, exposure to BPA at 100 μmol/L and BPF at 100 μmol/L significantly increased the ROS level. Ames test showed that BPA, BPS, BPF and BPAF did not induce mutagenicity in TA1535, TA97a, TA98, TA100 or TA102 strains.@*Conclusions@#BPAF shows the highest cytotoxicity to BRL 3A cells, and low-concentration exposure to BPS has few effects on BRL 3A cells. The cytotoxicity of bisphenols against BRL 3A cells may be associated with the induction of oxidative stress. None of the four bisphenols show mutagenic effects under the present experimental conditions.

5.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 659-664, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of VueBox ? contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) quantitative analysis combined with ACR TI-RADS classification in the diagnosis of benign and malignant solid thyroid nodules. Methods:A total of 201 patients with thyroid solid nodules (201 nodules) who underwent surgery or puncture biopsy in the People′s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region were enrolled from October 2020 to February 2022. The preoperative conventional ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound images were retrospectively analyzed. According to the pathological results, they were divided into the malignant group and benign group. The differences of the quantitative parameters of CEUS between the two groups were analyzed, including peak enhancement (PE), wash-in and wash-out area under the curve (WiWoAUC), wash-in perfusion index (WiPI). ΔPE, ΔWiWoAUC, ΔWiPI were obtained by calculating the parameter difference between the surrounding normal glands and nodules. ROC curve was used to analyze the value of different quantitative parameters in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant solid thyroid nodules. The CEUS quantitative parameters with best diagnostic performance was selected and combined with ACR TI-RADS classification system to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the single diagnostic approaches and the combined approach.Results:The quantitative parameters of PE, WiWoAUC, WiPI, ΔPE, ΔWiWoAUC, ΔWiPI were significantly different between benign group and malignant group (all P<0.001). ΔPE had the highest diagnostic value among all the quantitative parameters (the area under the ROC curve was 0.802), and the cut-off value was 0.21.ΔPE combined with ACR TI-RADS classification showed the best efficiency in diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules, with an area under the curve of 0.898, and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 73.39%, 93.48%, 93.02% and 74.78%, respectively. Conclusions:Quantitative parameters of CEUS by using VueBox ? software is valuable for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant solid thyroid nodules, and its combination with ACR TI-RADS classification can improve the diagnosis accuracy.

6.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 321-326, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954132

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI) and the outcomes at 90 d after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:Patients with acute ischemic stroke received intravenous thrombolysis in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019 were retrospectively enrolled. SIRI was calculated according to neutrophil count, lymphocyte count, and monocyte count at admission. The modified Rankin Scale score was used to evaluate the outcomes at 90 d after onset. 0-2 was defined as good outcome, and 3-6 were defined as poor outcome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the independent correlation between SIRI and poor outcomes. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of SIRI for poor outcomes. Results:A total of 303 patients with acute ischemic stroke receiving intravenous thrombolysis were enrolled in the study, including 178 (58.7%) males. Their median age was 69 years (interquartile range 60-78 years), and 69 patients (22.8%) had poor outcomes. SIRI in the poor outcome group was significantly higher than that in the good outcome group (1.53±2.45 vs. 3.51±4.73; P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at admission (odds ratio [ OR] 1.230, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.151-1.315; P<0.001) and SIRI ( OR 1.240, 95% CI 1.074-1.432; P=0.003) were significantly associated with the poor outcomes at 90 d. ROC curve analysis showed that the areas under the curve for SIRI and NIHSS scores alone and in combination to predict poor outcomes were 0.721 (95% CI 0.650-0.792; P<0.001), 0.824 (95% CI 0.771-0.878; P<0.001) and 0.853 (95% CI 0.804-0.902; P<0.001), respectively. The best cut-off values were 1.59, 8.00, and 0.23, respectively, and the sensitivity and specificity were 60.9% and 73.9%, 76.8% and 75.6%, 75.4% and 82.5%, respectively. Conclusions:High SIRI at admission is independently associated with 90-day poor outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis. SIRI may be used as an outcome predictor in patients undergoing intravenous thrombolysis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 656-660, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and effect of retrograde thoracic duct approach via left venous angle in the treatment of chylothorax.Methods:From July 2019 to April 2021, the clinical data of 16 patients with chylothorax in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital Tongji University were retrospectively collected. All patients underwent percutaneous inguinal lymphography, super selective retrograde thoracic duct catheterization was attempted via the left venous angle. Successful patients underwent direct thoracic ductography. After the position of the rupture was shown, the thoracic duct was embolized with microcoils and glue.Results:The inguinal lymphography of 16 patients was successful, and the end of thoracic ducts was identified. Retrograde thoracic duct catheterizations were successful in 10 patients, 6 cases showed contrast agent overflow in thoracic ductography, and the thoracic ducts were embolized using microcoils combined with glue. Chylothorax was improved in 16 patients, and 6 cases were completely cured. All patients had no serious complications.Conclusion:It is an effective and feasible method to treat chylothorax by retrograde thoracic ductography and embolization approach via left venous angle.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 274-279, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) combined with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (LDL-C/HDL-C) and severity of coronary lesions in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).Methods:Patients who were diagnosed with ACS due to chest pain and received emergency coronary angiography in the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China and the Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January 2017 to June 2020 were enrolled in the final analysis. The data of gender, age, body mass index (BMI), past history, emergency blood routine indicators [neutrophil (NEU), lymphocyte (LYM), monocyte (MON), eosinophil (EOS), basophil (BAS), red blood cell (RBC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), blood red cell distribution width (RDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet volume distribution width (PDW)], blood lipid index [triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), HDL-C, LDL-C, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C)], and coronary angiography were collected. The results of coronary angiography were evaluated by the Gensini score. According to the Gensini score, the patients were divided into the control group (Gensini score = 0, 55 cases) and the study group (Gensini score > 0, 889 cases), and then the patients in the study group were divided into the low-Gensini-score group (Gensini score < 66, 419 cases) and the high-Gensini-score group (Gensini score ≥ 66, 470 cases). The differences in the general baseline data of the four groups were compared, and the correlation between the statistically significant data and the Gensini score was linearly analyzed, and then the combined diagnostic factors (NLR combined with LDL-C/HDL-C ratio) were obtained by Logistic regression analysis. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to evaluate the predictive value of NLR combined with LDL-C/HDL-C ratio in predicting the severity of coronary artery lesions in patients with ACS. Finally, multivariate linear regression analysis was used to establish the predictive model between NLR combined with LDL-C/HDL-C ratio and Gensini score.Results:A total of 944 patients were finally included. The differences in gender, age, BMI, hypertension, diabetes, smoking history, NEU, LYM, MON, EOS, RDW, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, NLR, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio between the control group and the study group were statistically significant. The differences in BMI, hypertension, diabetes, smoking history, NEU, LYM, MON, EOS, TG, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, NLR and LDL-C/HDL-C ratio between the low-Gensini-score group and the high-Gensini-score group were statistically significant. Linear regression analysis showed that compared with other indicators, the correlation between NLR, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio and Gensini score was stronger in the study group ( r values were 0.634 and 0.663, respectively, both P < 0.05). Binary Logistic regression analysis of the indicators related to Gensini score showed that NEU, LYM, HDL-C and LDL-C were independent risk factors for coronary stenosis in patients with ACS [odds ratio ( OR) were 0.189, 10.309, 13.993, 0.251, 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were 0.114-0.313, 4.679-22.714, 3.402-57.559, 0.121-0.519, respectively, all P < 0.05]. ROC curve analysis showed that NLR combined with LDL-C/HDL-C ratio had higher predictive value in predicting the severity of coronary lesions in ACS patients [area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.952, 95% CI was 0.93-0.969], when the cutoff value was -3.152, the sensitivity was 98.20%, and the specificity was 81.60%. According to the results of multivariate linear regression analysis, the prediction model between NLR, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio and Gensini score was established, and the formula was Gensini score = -7.772+15.675×LDL-C/HDL-C ratio+8.288×NLR ( R2 = 0.862). Conclusion:There is a significant correlation between emergency NLR combined with LDL-C/HDL-C ratio and Gensini score in patients with ACS at admission, which has a certain predictive value for the severity of coronary artery stenosis in patients with ACS, and can be used as a predictor for evaluating the severity of coronary artery disease.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1315-1320, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014765

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis is one of the common complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Recent studies have shown that glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) can promote bone formation and inhibit bone resorption, suggesting that this hypoglycemic drugs may benefit T2DM patients with osteoporosis and high fracture risk, but its underlying mechanism is not fully understood, and different GLP-1RAs exhibit different skeletal effects and molecular mechanisms. In this paper, the effects of several GLP-1RAs on bone metabolism are reviewed.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2050-2076, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887781

ABSTRACT

Plant polyphenols are phenylpropanoid derivatives including phenolic acids, stilbenes, curcumins and flavonoids. These compounds display a variety of biological and pharmacological activities such as antioxidation, vasorelaxation, anti-coagulation, anti-inflammation, anti-tumor and anti-virus, conferring a huge application potential in the sectors of drugs, foods, cosmetics, and chemicals. Microorganisms have become important hosts for heterologous synthesis of natural products due to the advantages of fast growth, easiness of culture and industrial operation. In recent years, the development of synthetic biology has boosted the microbial synthesis of plant natural products, achieving substantial progress. In this review, we summarize the synthesis of plant polyphenols in engineered Escherichia coli, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and other microorganisms equipped with the designed biosynthetic pathways of polyphenols. We also discuss the optimization strategies such as precursor engineering, dynamic regulation, and co-cultivation to improve the production of polyphenols and propose future prospects for polyphenol pathway engineering.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Metabolic Engineering , Plants , Polyphenols , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): E005-E005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817252

ABSTRACT

The epidemiological history and clinical characteristics of 7 cases of COVID-19 and 1 case of close contact in the first family aggregation epidemic of COVID-19 in Gansu Province were analyzed. The first patient A developed on January 22, 2020, with a history of residence in Wuhan, and confirmed severe cases of NCP on January 24, 2020; patient B, on January 23, 2020, diagnosed on January 31, severe cases; patient C, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient D, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient E, on January 24, diagnosed on January 28; patient F, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 31; Patient G was asymptomatic and was diagnosed on January 31. In close contact, H was asymptomatic, PCR test was negative and asymptomatic, and he was discharged early. Among the 7 patients, 1 case died of (B) aggravation, and the other patients' condition was effectively controlled after active treatment. Except for the discharged cases, 5 cases were positive for COVID-19 specific IgM antibody and 1 case was negative. In this clustering outbreak, 4 patients remained asymptomatic, but PCR and IgM antibodies were positive, indicating that asymptomatic patients may be the key point to control the epidemic. Specific IgM antibody screening for patients whose pharyngeal swab nucleic acid test is negative but with ground glass-like lung lesions is very important for early detection and early isolation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): E005-E005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811692

ABSTRACT

The epidemiological history and clinical characteristics of 7 cases of COVID-19 and 1 case of close contact in the first family aggregation epidemic of COVID-19 in Gansu Province were analyzed. The first patient A developed on January 22, 2020, with a history of residence in Wuhan, and confirmed severe cases of NCP on January 24, 2020; patient B, on January 23, 2020, diagnosed on January 31, severe cases; patient C, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient D, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient E, on January 24, diagnosed on January 28; patient F, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 31; Patient G was asymptomatic and was diagnosed on January 31. In close contact, H was asymptomatic, PCR test was negative and asymptomatic, and he was discharged early. Among the 7 patients, 1 case died of (B) aggravation, and the other patients' condition was effectively controlled after active treatment. Except for the discharged cases, 5 cases were positive for COVID-19 specific IgM antibody and 1 case was negative. In this clustering outbreak, 4 patients remained asymptomatic, but PCR and IgM antibodies were positive, indicating that asymptomatic patients may be the key point to control the epidemic. Specific IgM antibody screening for patients whose pharyngeal swab nucleic acid test is negative but with ground glass-like lung lesions is very important for early detection and early isolation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): E005-E005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787559

ABSTRACT

@#The epidemiological history and clinical characteristics of 7 cases of COVID-19 and 1 case of close contact in the first family aggregation epidemic of COVID-19 in Gansu Province were analyzed. The first patient A developed on January 22, 2020, with a history of residence in Wuhan, and confirmed severe cases of NCP on January 24, 2020; patient B, on January 23, 2020, diagnosed on January 31, severe cases; patient C, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient D, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 27; patient E, on January 24, diagnosed on January 28; patient F, asymptomatic, diagnosed on January 31; Patient G was asymptomatic and was diagnosed on January 31. In close contact, H was asymptomatic, PCR test was negative and asymptomatic, and he was discharged early. Among the 7 patients, 1 case died of (B) aggravation, and the other patients' condition was effectively controlled after active treatment. Except for the discharged cases, 5 cases were positive for COVID-19 specific IgM antibody and 1 case was negative. In this clustering outbreak, 4 patients remained asymptomatic, but PCR and IgM antibodies were positive, indicating that asymptomatic patients may be the key point to control the epidemic. Specific IgM antibody screening for patients whose pharyngeal swab nucleic acid test is negative but with ground glass-like lung lesions is very important for early detection and early isolation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 159-168, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771390

ABSTRACT

Two proteins of similar molecular weight (named as ASPR-C-1 and ASPR-C-2) from the crude drug of Angelica sinensis were purified and characterized by 80% ammonium sulfate precipitation, Sephadex G-50 gel filtration chromatography, and DEAE-Sepharose anion exchange chromatography. The molecular weight of ASPR-C-1 and ASPR-C-2 on SDS-PAGE was 17.33 kDa and 17.18 kDa, respectively. They were mainly monomeric in solution, but partially formed dimers and they were glycoproteins with glycosyl content of 2.6% and 8.2%, respectively. Both ASPR-C-1 and ASPR-C-2 were identified to be members of pathogenesis-related 10 family of proteins by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and have ribonuclease activities with the specific activity of 73.60 U/mg and 146.76 U/mg, respectively. The optimum pH of the two isoforms was similar, at about 5.6, while their optimum temperatures were different. The optimum temperature of ASPR-C-1 was 50 ℃, and that of ASPR-C-2 was 60 ℃. Both isoforms presented highest thermal stability at 60 ℃. However, ASPR-C-2 was more thermotolerant than ASPR-C-1. The latter was rapidly inactivated and retained only about 20% residual activity while the former still maintained about 80% of its original activity at a higher treatment temperature (80 to 100 ℃). In addition, Fe²⁺ had an activating effect on the ribonuclease activities of two isoforms while Ca²⁺, Mg²⁺, Zn²⁺, Mn²⁺, Ag⁺, Cu²⁺, EDTA (Elhylene diamine tetraacetic acid), dithiothreitol and sodium dodecylsulphate showed different degrees of inhibition of the enzyme activities. Our findings provide a foundation for further research on the biological function of PR-10 protein from Angelica sinensis.


Subject(s)
Angelica sinensis , Chromatography, Gel , Chromatography, Ion Exchange , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Enzyme Stability , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Kinetics , Molecular Weight , Protein Isoforms , Temperature
15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 513-517, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the historical evolution and clinical application of “eighteen incompatible medicaments” and “nineteen medicaments of mutual restraint” of TCM, and to provide reference for enriching the contents of rational use of TCM. METHODS: Through the methods of literature mining, using “eighteen incompatible medicaments” “nineteen medicaments of mutual restraint” “incompatible medicaments” “clinical use” “ADR” “ADE” as keywords, retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP database (from the date of database establishment to August 2018) and library of Henan University of TCM, related literatures about “eighteen incompatible medicaments” and “nineteen medicaments of mutual restraint” were extracted and combed, and the history and clinical application of them were summarized and analyzed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: “Eighteen incompatible medicaments” is one of the main contents of TCM basic theory. The word is first published in Shubencao, which is the concrete embodiment of the “opposite” in the “seven compatibility regularities” of TCM, and the number of “eighteen incompatible medicaments” of TCM recorded in the medical books of TCM is different from each other in the past dynasties. “Nineteen medicaments of mutual restraint” is one of the taboos of TCM compatibility, which is first found in Shennong’s Herbal. There are mixed use of “mutual inhibition” “incompatible” and “mutual restraint” in all dynasties, and there is still controversy about the attribution of “seven compatibility regularities” of “nineteen medicaments of mutual restraint” among physicians. Regardless of ancient medical books, modern medical books, various editions of Chinese Pharmacopeia, literature reports and clinical applications, there are compatibility usage of drug pairs of “eighteen incompatible medicaments” and “nineteen medicaments of mutual restraint”. Among them, 8 kinds of set prescription preparations containing drug pair of “eighteen incompatible medicaments” were involved in 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (part Ⅰ), most of which were Aconitum carmichaelii/Aconitum kusnezoffii-Bletilla striata/Ampelopsis japonica; 9 kinds of set prescription preparations containing drug pair of “nineteen medicaments of mutual restraint” were also involved, most of which were Syringa oblate-Curcuma rcenyujin, Cinnamomum cassia-Halloysitum rubrum. Although there are medical records or literature pointing out that it can be used to treat critical and difficult diseases, and some studies have preliminarily confirmed the compatibility rationality of individual incompatibility medicaments/medicaments of mutual restraint, the conclusions of relevant studies are not entirely consistent, and the intensity of research evidence is not high, and the research evidence is insufficient.  Basic researches should be strengthened and large-scle, multiple-center and high-quality  clinical studies are needed to confirm this conclusion so as to guaratetee the rationality and safety of drug use in clinic.

16.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 373-376, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810616

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical features of respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma (REAH) in the nasal cavity.@*Methods@#Clinical datas of 23 patients, who were hospitalized in Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, from February 2016 to February 2018 with histopathologically proved REAH in the nasal cavity were reviewed. There were 18 males and 5 females, with the age range from 16 to 71 years old. The most common area, main symptoms, surgical methods and follow-up results were analyzed.@*Results@#The most common area was olfactory cleft (21 cases), and the mainly symptom was nasal congestion (18 cases). All the patients received transnasal endoscopic surgery and had no recurrence during following-up from three months to one year.@*Conclusions@#The most common area of REAH in the nasal cavity is the olfactory cleft. Histopathological result is needed to make a definite diagnosis. Complete surgical resection is the main treatment.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 830-834, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700629

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the establishment of WeChat teaching platform and evaluate the effect of micro-lectures in obstetrics and gynecology teaching. Methods A total of 116 trainees (experi-mental group) of 2014 grade and 113 trainees of 2013 grade (control group) were enrolled in the study. The Students' ability of self-learning and collaborative innovation were measured with LASSI and CUCEI scales, and their academic performance was evaluated with using t test. Results The comparison of the four know-ledge modules showed that the differences in the results of the two knowledge modules, the ectopic pregnancy (P=0.00) and uterine fibroids (P=0.01) between the experimental group and the control group were signifi-cant. Besides, the comparison of students' literacy suggested that the differences in time management (P=0.01), selection of main points (P=0.04), innovation (P=0.00) and collaboration capability (P=0.03) between the experimental group and the control group were obviously significant. Conclusions Micro-lectures-assisted teaching can effectively improve students' academic performance, which has important practical value for improving students' self-learning ability, innovation and collaboration.

18.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 460-463, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697640

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between CYP2C19*2 gene polymorphism and efficacy of anastrozole in postmenopausal women with breast cancer. Methods The polymorphisms of CYP2C19*2 gene in postmenopausal women with postmenopausal breast cancer were detected by PCR. Results The A allele frequency of the CYP2C19*2 gene(OR=3.146,95% CI:1.244~7.275,P<0.05)was a risk factor for the efficacy of post-menopausal breast cancer patients.The survival rate was lower than that of GG(χ2=6.26,P<0.05).After treat-ment,the FSH and LH of GG patients were significantly lower than those of AA and GA(t=5.29,6.47,P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that anastrozoleand CYP2C19*2 gene polymorphism were indepen-dently associated with serum FSH and LH levels in postmenopausal women with breast. Conclusion CYP2C19*2 gene polymorphism is associated with anastrozole in the treatment of postmenopausal breast cancer.

19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 862-868, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807255

ABSTRACT

The incidence of high-risk sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) is high, indicating that MSM is the high-risk population of HIV/AIDS, syphilis and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and also the key population of transmission control. However, the risk of HIV infection is different between individual MSM due to differences in socio-demographic characteristics, sexual characteristics, sexual networks and other factors. It is imperative to establish an HIV infection risk assessment model for MSM in China, to allow for MSM to quantitatively recognize their risk of HIV infection as well as to allow for implementation of tailored HIV prevention and intervention programs targeting MSM at greatest risk for HIV infection. The present study reviewed all published HIV infection risk assessment models among MSM in the world, and put forward the workable methods, potential items and precautions to develop an HIV infection risk assessment model among MSM in China.

20.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 409-417, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727578

ABSTRACT

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy disorder that is characterised by severe hypertension and increased risks of foetal and maternal mortality. The aetiology of PE not completely understood; however, maternal nutrition and oxidative stress play important roles in the development of hypertension. The treatment options for PE are currently limited to anti-hypertensive drugs. Punicalagin, a polyphenol present in pomegranate juice, has a range of bioactive properties. The effects of supplementation with punicalagin on angiogenesis and oxidative stress in pregnant rats with induced hypertension were investigated. The pregnant rats were randomly divided into five experimental groups (n=12 per group). Hypertension was induced using an oral dose of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 50 mg/kg/day) on days 14–19 of pregnancy. Punicalagin (25, 50 or 100 mg/kg) was given orally on days 14–21 of pregnancy. Punicalagin treatment at the tested doses significantly reduced diastolic, systolic, and mean arterial blood pressure in L-NAME treated rats from day 14. Punicalagin also restored angiogenic balance by increasing the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and downregulating vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1/fms-like tyrosine kinase-1. Punicalagin, significantly increased the placental nitric oxide levels as compared to PE group. The increased levels of oxidative stress in rats with PE were markedly decreased by treatment with punicalagin. Punicalagin at the tested doses markedly (p < 0.05) enhanced the placental antioxidant capacity in L-NAME-treated rats. The raised catalase activity observed following L-NAME induction was significantly (p < 0.05) and restored to normal activity levels in punicalagin treatment. Further, 100 mg dose of punicalagin exhibited higher protective effects as compared to lower doses of 25 and 50 mg. This study shows that supplementation with punicalagin decreased blood pressure and oxidative stress and restored angiogenic balance in pregnant rats with induced PE.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Antihypertensive Agents , Arterial Pressure , Blood Pressure , Catalase , Hypertension , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced , Maternal Mortality , Models, Animal , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester , Nitric Oxide , Oxidative Stress , Pre-Eclampsia , Lythraceae , Tyrosine , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
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