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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 516-520, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807309

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between expressions of OCT-4, CD117 and clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer.@*Methods@#A total of 70 paraffin-embedded tissues of patients with ovarian cancer from January 2010 to February 2016 in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital were collected. The expressions of OCT-4 and CD117 were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*Results@#OCT-4 was mainly expressed in cytoplasm, while CD117 was expressed in cell membrane and cytoplasm. The positive expression rate of OCT-4 was 74.3% (52/70), and the positive expression rate of CD117 was 68.6% (48/70). The positive expression rates of OCT-4 in ovarian cancer tissues with poorly differentiation and high CA125 levels (≥500 U/ml), no peritoneal effusion and sensitive to chemotherapy drugs were 92.1% (35/38), 87.5% (28/32), 88.9% (24/27), and 78.7% (48/61), respectively, which were higher than those in ovarian cancer tissues with well and moderately differentiation, low CA125 levels (<500 U/ml), peritoneal effusion and resistance to chemotherapy drugs, the differences were statistically significant (P values were 0.000, 0.020, 0.047, and 0.043). The positive expression rates of CD117 in ovarian cancer tissues with poorly differentiation and peritoneal effusion were 84.2% (32/38) and 79.1% (34/43), respectively, which were higher than those in ovarian cancer tissues with well and moderately differentiation and no peritoneal effusion, the differences were statistically significant (P values were 0.006 and 0.017). Patients with OCT-4-positive expression, peritoneal effusion, and poorly differentiation had a shorter overall survival time (all P < 0.05). The peritoneal effusion and differentiation were independent prognostic factors in patients with ovarian cancer (both P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#OCT-4 can be used as an important reference for predicting drug sensitivity and evaluating prognosis in patients with ovarian cancer.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 597-602, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807214

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship of PD-L1 protein expression and gene amplification in gastric cancer and their correlation with clinicopathologic factors.@*Methods@#The cohort included 247 gastric cancer specimens with follow-up data and clinicopathologic data obtained from Shanxi Cancer Hospital in 2011. PD-L1 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*Results@#PD-L1 protein was expressed in 25.9% (64/247) of the tumor cells and 26.7% (66/247) of the tumor infiltrating immune cells (IC). There was a correlation between the two (P<0.01). The expression of PD-L1 in tumor cells correlated with the degree of differentiation and tumor diameter(P<0.05). The PD-L1 expression in IC correlated with vascular tumor thrombi(P<0.05). The amplification rate of PD-L1 gene detected by FISH was 19.0% (47/247), and was associated with age, large/small curvature of the stomach, tumor location, tumor diameter, and lymph node metastasis(P<0.05). The positive coincidence rate of the two methods was 25.0% (16/64), negative coincidence rate was 83.0% (152/183), and total coincidence rate was 68.0% (168/247), suggesting that the coincidence of IHC and FISH was poor (P=0.157). There was a negative correlation between PD-L1 protein expression on tumor cells and prognosis in gastric cancer. There was no significant correlation between PD-L1 protein expression on IC and PD-L1 gene amplification with prognosis. Vascular tumor thrombi, tumor diameter, depth of invasion, and lymph node metastasis were all poor prognostic factors of gastric cancer(P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that PD-L1 protein expression, depth of invasion and lymph node metastasis were all independent prognostic risk factors for gastric cancer.@*Conclusions@#Concordance between PD-L1 protein expression and gene amplification is poor. PD-L1 protein expression may signify poor prognosis. There is no significant correlation between PD-L1 gene amplification and prognosis of patients with gastric cancer.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 649-652,666, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661084

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen out probable lynch syndrome (LS) associated endometrial cancer (EC) by investigating the expression of mismatch repair (MMR) protein in EC, and to analyze the disease traits combined with clinicopathologic characteristics. Methods The expressions of MSH2, MSH6, MLH1 and PMS2 were detected by using immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 443 EC patients. Results In 443 EC patients, 328 cases (74%) with all MMR proteins expression were classified as sporadic EC, and 115 cases (26%) cases with loss expression of at least one MMR protein were regarded as probable LS. MMR-deficient cases mostly showed a loss of MLH1/PMS2 expression (42%), followed by the absence of MSH2/MSH6 (23%), MSH6 (17%), PMS2 (17%) and MSH6/MLH1/PMS2 (3%). Compared with the sporadic EC group, obesity was not found in probable LS group (body mass index<28 kg/m2) (P=0.040), and high tumor grade was common (P=0.012); There was no significant difference between the two groups in age, the incidence of diabetes or hypertension, family history of cancer or histological type, tumor location, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, myometrial invasion, lymph node metastasis, lymphatic or vascular invasion (all P> 0.05). A higher tumor grade was more common in the MSH6 and PMS2 deficient groups. Conclusions Compared with sporadic EC, the absence of obesity, a high grade tumor are more common in probable LS cases.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 649-652,666, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658229

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen out probable lynch syndrome (LS) associated endometrial cancer (EC) by investigating the expression of mismatch repair (MMR) protein in EC, and to analyze the disease traits combined with clinicopathologic characteristics. Methods The expressions of MSH2, MSH6, MLH1 and PMS2 were detected by using immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 443 EC patients. Results In 443 EC patients, 328 cases (74%) with all MMR proteins expression were classified as sporadic EC, and 115 cases (26%) cases with loss expression of at least one MMR protein were regarded as probable LS. MMR-deficient cases mostly showed a loss of MLH1/PMS2 expression (42%), followed by the absence of MSH2/MSH6 (23%), MSH6 (17%), PMS2 (17%) and MSH6/MLH1/PMS2 (3%). Compared with the sporadic EC group, obesity was not found in probable LS group (body mass index<28 kg/m2) (P=0.040), and high tumor grade was common (P=0.012); There was no significant difference between the two groups in age, the incidence of diabetes or hypertension, family history of cancer or histological type, tumor location, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, myometrial invasion, lymph node metastasis, lymphatic or vascular invasion (all P> 0.05). A higher tumor grade was more common in the MSH6 and PMS2 deficient groups. Conclusions Compared with sporadic EC, the absence of obesity, a high grade tumor are more common in probable LS cases.

5.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 208-212,216, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606652

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between myc/bcl-2 and myc/p53 co-expression and the prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Methods A total of 148 DLBCL cases with the follow-up data in Shanxi Cancer Hospital from January 2010 to October 2014 were selected. The expression of myc, bcl-2 and p53 protein in paraffin samples was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Results The positive expression rate of myc, bcl-2 and p53 was 35.1 % (52/148), 60.1 % (89/148) and 24.3 % (36/148) respectively in 148 patients with DLBCL. There were 37 (25.0%) cases of myc/bcl-2 co-expression, which were correlated with Hans classification (χ2= 4.749, P= 0.029), IPI score (χ2= 4.894, P= 0.027), bone marrow invasion (χ2= 4.751, P= 0.029), and efficacy evaluation (χ2= 9.14, P= 0.003). Myc/p53 co-expression was detected in 17 cases (11.5 %), which was associated with Hans classification (χ2 = 5.349, P= 0.021) andLDH level (χ2= 11.1, P= 0.001). Univariate analysis revealed that myc [overall survival (OS): χ2= 6.044, P= 0.014; progression free survival (PFS):χ2= 6.212, P= 0.013], bcl-2 (OS:χ2= 5.812, P= 0.016; PFS:χ2= 4.878, P= 0.027), p53 (OS:χ2= 20.092, P< 0.0001; PFS:χ2= 18.492, P< 0.0001), myc/bcl-2 co-expression (OS: χ2= 11.277, P= 0.001; PFS:χ2= 9.024, P= 0.003) and myc/p53 co-expression (OS: χ2=21.150, P< 0.0001; PFS: χ2 = 18.655, P< 0.0001) were the adverse prognostic factors. In addition, the survival rate of the co-expression group was lower than that of single expression group, and the survival rate of myc/p53 co-expression group was lower than that of myc/bcl-2 co-expression group. Multivariate analysis showed that among the six independent variables, including myc, bcl-2, p53, myc/bcl-2, myc/p53 and treatment regimen, p53 expression was an independent prognostic affecting factor of OS (95%CI 0.172ˉ0.763, P=0.008) and PFS (95%CI 0.172ˉ0.773, P=0.009). Conclusion Myc, bcl-2 and p53 are the poor prognostic factors in DLBCL. Myc/bcl-2 and myc/p53 co-expression have synergistic effect, indicating the poor prognosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466289

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the differentially expressed genes between the NCAM + c-Kit +RBE and NCAM-c-Kit-RBE of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) cell lines,and to screen out the differentially expressed genes that are related to the stem cell signaling pathways.Methods Magnetic activated cell sorting was used to isolate the NCAM + c-Kit +/NCAM-c-Kit-subset cells,and then Agilent Whole Human Genome Microarray Kit was used to test the difference in gene expressions between the NCAM + cKit + and NCAM-c-Kit-subset cells.The difference in gene expressions related to the stem cell signaling pathways was analyzed by the SAS system.The result of the microarray was further confirmed by RT-PCR.Results The total differentially expressed genes which could be found through gene microarray were 7270 [foldchange(fc) ≥2 or fc ≤0.5].Compared with the NCAM-c-Kit-RBE,3572 genes were upregulated while 3698 genes were downregulated.The differences in gene expressions related to the stem cell signaling pathways were 421 (fc ≥2 or fc ≤ 0.5),among which 231 genes were upregulated while 190 genes were downregulated.Conclusions High-flux microarray could be used to screen out lots of differentially expressed genes between the NCAM + c-Kit + and NCAM-c-Kit-RBE cells.The differences in gene expression in the stem cell signaling pathways could also be further analyzed using the SAS system.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601443

ABSTRACT

Purpose To ana1yze the expression features of 5-F1uorouraci1(5-FU)metabo1ic enzyme thymidy1ate synthetase(TS),thy-midine phosphory1ase( TP),dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase( DPD)and its re1ationship with c1inicopatho1ogica1 factors and progno-sis in co1orecta1 cancer,in order to further exp1ore its potentia1 significance in guiding co1orecta1 cancer chemotherapy. Methods Es-tab1ishment of a tissue microarray containing 72 patients with co1orecta1 cancer,and 56 norma1 tissue( dista1 cut edge tissue near carci-noma)was used to detect TS,TP,and DPD by immunohistochemistry,and to ana1yze its re1ationship with c1inicopatho1ogica1 factors and prognosis of co1orecta1 cancer through statistica1 method. Results The expression of TS in co1orecta1 cancer was 1ower than that in norma1 tissue(P=0. 876),which was associated with TNM(P=0. 043)and positive1y corre1ated with patients’overa11 surviva1(P=0. 027),the expression of TP in co1orecta1 cancer was higher than that in norma1 tissue(P=0. 315)that was associated with 1ymph node metastasis(P=0. 009)and negative1y corre1ated with the prognosis of patients(P=0. 040),DPD expression in co1orecta1 canc-er was higher than that in norma1 tissue(P=0. 071),which was re1ated to the histo1ogic type(P=0. 029). Overa11 surviva1 was sig-nificant1y shortened in co1orecta1 cancer with DPD high expression( P=0. 011). Conclusions TS,TP and DPD might be app1ied as important index of prognosis in co1orecta1 cancer patients using 5-FU adjuvant chemotherapy. The expression of TS re1ated c1ose1y with the c1inica1 stage is a bio1ogica1 marker of tumor progression. TP expression is c1ose1y re1ated to 1ymph nodes metastasis and recur-rence,which is an important factor of postoperative recurrence and metastasis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455882

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in the sun exposure and non-exposure skin,to observe the elastic protein in the same location,and to explore the relationship between non-enzymatic glycation reactions and,photo-aging skin morphological changes.Methods In the exposure and non-exposure specimens from 30 patients,elastic fibers were stained with Gomori staining,and immunohistochemistry for AGEs was performed.Results AGEs expressed clearly positive in all elastic fibers of degeneration markedly (+ + above) of exposure skin,and appeared line-like in markedly(+ + above)elastic fibers.While in all non-exposure skin,AGEs expressed negative.In the exposure skin with middle or old age,compared with non-exposure skin,AGEs expressed more and elastic fibers were hyperplasia with thickening,curling and irregular distribution.The skin parts of AGEs expressed accorded with where elastic fibers degenerated.Conclusions Ultraviolet radiation can induce denaturation of elastic fibers and non-enzymatic glycation may contribute to the mechanism of skin photo-aging.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440348

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the features of the NCAM+ c-Kit+ subset of hepatic progenitor cells in the intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) cell line RBE.Method Magnetic activated cell sorting was used to isolate NCAM+ c-Kit+/NCAM-c-Kit-subset cells,which were tested for hepatic progenitor cell properties and proliferation,colony formation,and invasive abilities in nude mice.Resuits The cell proliferation ability of NCAM+c-Kit+ subset cells was stronger than that of NCAMc-Kit-subset cells (P<0.01).In serum-free condition,the number of colonies formed by NCAM+c-Kit+ subset cells was more than that of NCAM-c-Kit-cells (P<0.01).1 × 104 NCAM+c-Kit+ cells were enough to form tumors in nude mice after subcutaneous inoculation for two weeks,while 1 × 106 NCAM-c-Kit-cells were necessary to form tumors for three weeks.The tumor formation rate of NCAM+c-Kit+ cells was higher than that of NCAM-c-Kit-cells (P=0.04).Conclusions It is possible that NCAM+c-Kit+ subset cells in RBE have the properties of hepatic progenitor cells,and NCAM combined with c-Kit might be a valuable marker for isolating and purifying ICC stem/progenitor cells.

10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 101-103, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381222

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of integrin β1 and VEGF in gastric carcinoma and evaluate its correlation with invasion and metastasis.Methods Immunohistochemistry techniques were used to study the expression of integrin β1 and VEGF in 63 gastric carcinoma specimens.We analyzed the variance with histological grade and stage and classification of clinical date.Results No significant relationship was observed among age,sex and histological classification of the expression of integrin β1 in the gastric cancer group (P>0.05).With the depth of invasion and lymphatic metastasis increasing,integrin β1 expression improved.The positive rate of integrin β1 among tubular adenocarcinoma,papillary carcinoma,mucinous carcinoma and undifferentiated carcinoma was 70.00 %,55.56 %,57.14 % and 64.86 %.No significant relationship was observed in it.Integrin β1 in cases with lymphnode metastasis was significantly higher than those without lymph node metastasis (P<0.05).No significant relationship was observed among VEGF expression and age,sex,histological classification and depth of invasion (P>0.05).Significant relationship was observed among VEGF expression and lymphatic metastasis.VECF in cases with lymph node metastasis was significantly higher than those without lymph node metastasis (P<0.05).Conclusion Immunohistochemistry techniques indicated that integrin β1 participated in the procession of invasion and metastasis.The expression of integrin β1 and VEGF are important factor,forecasting the invasion and metastasis.VEGF is an important factor for lymphnade metastasis of gastric carcinoma.VEGF in cases with lymphnode metastasis was significantly higher than those without lymphnode metastasis(P<0.05).The usage of integrin β1 and VEGF will improve the rightness in forecasting the invasion and lymph node metastasis of gastric carcinoma.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565471

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the predictive power of model for end-stage liver disease(MELD) and Child-Turcotte-Pugh(CTP) on the cirrhotic patients who underwent transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt(TIPS).Methods A total of 110 patients(98 males and 12 females) undergoing TIPS from January 2004 to March 2008 in our hospital were analyzed.Data of all patients were analyzed retrospectively.The main statistical tests included: Kaplan-Merier analysis to compare survival respectively,and the area of receiver operating characteristics(ROC) to compare the performance of the 2 models for predicting 3-month,1-year,and 2-year mortality.Results The survival rate rate of the patients whose MELD score under 15 showed significantly higher than the patients above MELD score 15.The area of ROC that predicting survival was 0.866 and 0.863 at 3 months,0.755 and 0.739 at 1-year,0.729 and 0.750 at 2-years respectively for the MELD and the CTP score.Conclusion Both MELD and CTP score can predict short-term survival accuracy,but poor in long-term.However,the MELD has overcome the shortcomings of CTP,and may be worth using in clinical.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541926

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the expression of hTERT, p16 and Topo-Ⅱ? in astrocytoma as well as their relationship during histogenesis and development of astrocytoma. Methods The expression of hTERT, p16 and Topo-Ⅱa in 64 astrocytoma specimens with different malignant grades and 10 normal brain tissues were studied using tissue microarray and immunohistochemistory. Results The expression rate of hTERT and Topo-Ⅱa were 50 % and 59.4 % respectively, they increased along with the increase of the malignant grade(P

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670829

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct of 3-dimensional finite element models of mandibular first molar with structure defect restoration.Methods:Reverse engineering technology was used. Geometric models were built by the use of advanced 3-dimensional laser scanning and computer assisted 3-dimensional design technique. The geometric data were introduced into the finite element software for establishing the finite element mesh after being processed.Results:The 3-dimensional finite element models of the minimum distal occlusal structure defect with restoration were created, which included metal crown with exterior anatomic morphology of the mandibular first molar, tooth preparation, filling material and the structure of periodontal membrane.Conclusion: The method may be a useful approach for building models of teeth and relative tissues.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539434

ABSTRACT

Forty-two hyperthyroid patients with mild hepatic dysfunction were treated with 131I once orally and followed up for 6 months. The changes of hepatic functions (ALT, AST, ALP, A/G) were determined before and after treatment, hepatic function was ameliorated in these patients. The results indicate that 131I-iodine is safe and effective in treating hyperthyroidism with mild hepatic dysfunction.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565616

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of TNF-A-863 and CGRP979 gene polymorphisms with the susceptibility to severe chronic periodontitis in Chinese.Methods:Buccal swabs were collected from 100 adult patients with severe chronic periodontitis and 118 healthy adult controls.DNA was extracted from each subjects of the two groups.PCR-LDR technique was used to identify the genotypes of TNF-A-863 and CGRP979.The difference in the genotypes between the two groups was analyzed by statistics software.Results:The genotype of TNF-A-863 was mainly TNF-A-863 A/C in patients with severe chronic periodontitis and TNF-A-863 C/C in healthy controls.There were significant differences in TNF-A-863 distribution between the two groups(P

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