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1.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 454-462, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513863

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the high-risk factors of retroperitoneal lymph nodes metastasis (LNM) and the effect of lymph nodes metastasis on prognosis in patients with endometrial carcinoma (EC).Methods Retrospec-tive research was carried out from January 2005 to December 2010 to identify 289 endometrial carcinoma patients treated with retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy at Peking Union Medical College Hospital.The high-risk factors of retroperitoneal LNM and prognostic factors of this disease were studied.Results 1) The median age at diagnosis was 55 years old.Patients of stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ were 224 (77.5%), 13 (4.5%), 45 (15.6%) and 7 (2.4%), respectively.Two hundred and eighty-nine patients received pelvic lymphadenectomy, of that 30 (10.4%) patients were found the pelvic LNM.Ninety-six patients received periaortic lymphadenectomy, of that 11 (11.5%) patients were found the periaortic LNM.Twenty-one (7.3%) patients developed recurrent disease and 11 (3.8 %) dead.The median follow-up was 37 months and the median disease-free survival (DFS) was 34 months.2) In univariate analysis, the incidence of LNM significantly increased in patients with CA125 ≥ 35 U/mL preoperatively, non-endometrioid adenocarcinoma, low grade, deep myometrium invasion, diameter of tumor ≥ 2 cm, cervical stroma involvement, positive peritoneal cytology and vagina or parametrial involvement (P<0.05).In multivariate analysis, CA125 ≥ 35 U/mL preoperatively, low grade, deep myometrium invasion were the independent high-risk factors of LNM (P<0.05).3)The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a significant difference between positive peritoneal cytology, vagina or parametrial involvement, appendix involvement, LNM and DFS (P<0.05).We also found a significant difference in the impact of non-endometrioid adenocarcinoma, low grade, deep myometrium invasion, positive peritoneal cytology, appendix involvement and LNM on overall survival (OS) (P<0.05).Cox regression analysis revealed retroperitoneal LNM is the independent prognostic factor of 5-year DFS (patients without LNM 92.1% vs patients with LNM 65.3%, P=0.002, 95% CI 0.078-0.552).We also found the trend that the 5-year OS was higher in patients without LNM than them with LNM, even though there was no significant difference(patients without LNM 96.1% vs patients with LNM 70.0%, P=0.086, 95% CI 0.039-1.238).Conclusions 1) there is a predictive value of low grade and deep myometrium invasion for EC patients with LNM.2)Patients with LNM have poorer prognosis than them without LNM.Therefore, patients with LNM should receive adjuvant therapy to reduce the risk of recurrence.

2.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 463-467, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513862

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and treatments of endometrioid carcinoma patients with preoperative diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia.Methods From 2005 to 2010, 404 patients were diagnosed with endometrioid carcinoma after hysterectomy.Among these patients,44 of them were diagnosed atypical endometrial hyperplasia(AEH) preoperatively.Retrospectively analysis the characteristics of these patients with SPSS13.0.Results Among the 44 cases, all of them were grade G1 disease, and 39 of them received comprehensive staging surgery.14(32%)young cases preserved bilateral ovaries.9 cases(20%) were given adjuvant radiology.No recurrence was detected during the median follow up of 52 months.Compared to the premenstrual group, although no statistical difference was detected, more patients with risk factors of deep myometrium invasion(4/22 vs 1/22) and lymph-vascular space invasion(LVSI, 3/22 vs 0/22) in the postmenstrual group.Compared to the patients who diagnosed with endometrioid cancer(EC) preoperatively, there are more patients with grade G1(P=0.000), fewer patients received adjuvant chemotherapy(P=0.003) and fewer recurrence(P=0.019) in AEH group.Conclusions The endomtrioid cancer patients who diagnosed with atypical hyperplasia preoperatively have better prognosis.Hysterectomy with bilateral ovaries preserved is acceptable in young patients.Post menopause patients have more risk factors of deep myometrium invasion and LVSI.

3.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 436-442, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513797

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the oncologic and reproductive outcomes after progestin treatment of complex endometrial hyperplasia(CEH) and grade 1 endometrial carcinoma(EC).Methods In a retrospective study, data were obtained for patients with CEH or grade 1 EC at presumed stage IA(without myometrial invasion) who wished to preserve fertility and were treated at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital, China, between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2011.Patients had received oral medroxyprogesterone acetate(250-500 mg/d) or megestrol acetate(160-480 mg/d) for at least 6 months.Results Among 55 included patients, median age was 32 years(range 21-41 years).41(75%) achieved complete response after a median period of 6(3-24) months.Complete response was less frequent among obese than nonobese patients(4/12 [33%] vs 37/43 [86%];P=0.001).Disease recurrence was recorded in 10(24%) patients with complete response;the 5-year recurrence-freesurvival rate was 71%.Among the 33 patients who retained a desire to conceive, 17(52%) became pregnant.Conclusions Fertility-sparing management with oral progestin is effective and safe.Obesity is associated with a lower probability of long-term success.

4.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 443-447, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513796

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and prognosis of ovarian preservation in young women with early-stage endometrial cancer.Methods Women≤45 years of age with stageⅠendometrial cancer recorded from Jan 2005 to Dec 2011 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were examined.They were further divided into two groups: ovarian preservation group and oophorectomy group.Clinical and pathological recording of these patients were compared.Results A total of 72 women, including 25 patients (34.7%) who had ovarian preservation, were identified.The ovarian preservation group was younger (P=0.007) and had a lower prevalence of lymphadenectomy (P0.05).Of seventy-two cases, five patients relapsed and all survived after a median follow-up time of 89 months (rang: 7-131 months).The Kaplan-Meier curve and the log rank test showed no difference in recurrence-free survival (P=0.194).In Cox model analysis, ovarian preservation had no effect on recurrence-free survival(HR=3.08, 95% CI 0.54-18.44).Conclusions Ovarian preservation in young women with early-stage endometrial cancer is safe and has no negative effect on recurrence-free survival or overall survival.

5.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 448-453, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513795

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the prognostic significance of positive peritoneal cytology (PPC) among patients with endometrial cancer and to find out potential risk factors for PPC in endometrial cancer.Methods Data were extracted from Peking Union Medical College Hospital between Jan 1 2005 and Dec 31 2010.Only those patients who had undergone a staging procedure were included.A total of 486 patients were identified.Statistical analyses were performed using Fisher`s exact test, Kaplan-Meier log rank, and Cox proportional hazards models.ResultsRate of PPC was 4.8% in endometrial cancer.Non-endometrioid endometrial cancer(P=0.000), stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ(P=0.000), deep myometrial invasion(P=0.001), and cervical stromal involvement(P=0.018) appeared to be risk factors for PPC in endometrial cancer.Univariate analysis revealed statistically difference in 5-year PFS (70.9% vs 90.0%) and 5-year OS (72.2% vs 96.0%).Progression-free survival and overall survival showedstatistically difference(P=0.005,P=0.000)between PPC and NPC endometrial cancer.On multivariate analysis, PPC remained no statistically difference in progression-free survival or overall survival(RR=3.812,95% CI 0.897-16.200,P=0.070;RR=3.426,95% CI 0.800-14.673,P=0.097).Conclusions PPC is not an independent risk factor in patients with endometrial cancer.Aggressive histology, FIGO stage, deep myometrial invasion and cervical stromal involvement are presumed to be associated with PPC in endometrial cancer.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453516

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the current status and outcomes of pelvic exenteration (PE) for recurrent cervical cancer.Methods The following electronic databases has been searched on recurrent cervical cancer management and treatment:Chinese Biological Medicine Disk (CBM),PubMed and Cochrane library.All retrieved studies had to fulfill the following inclusion criteria:cohort studies of recurrent cervical cancer,containing information of detailed patient and operation characteristics as well as the survival rate.Only publications in the English literature were included.All eligible literatures between Jan.1990 and Aug.2013 were assessed for quality.Relevant basic characteristics,complications,survival rate and prognostic factors were reviewed.Results There were eight trials involving 607 patients with cervical cancer received PE,including 515 cases with recurrent disease and 92 cases with primary disease.Four hundred and ninety patients had received total pelvic exenteration (TPE) operation,103 underwent anterior pelvic exenteration(APE) and 14 received posterior pelvic exenteration(PPE).The 5-year overall survival rate for recurrent cervical cancer fluctuate from 26.7% to 56.0%.Complication rates were from 34.3% to 83.3% and the mortality rate was 1.2% (7/607).Among the relevant factors affecting survival time,resection margin status seemed to be the most important.Conclusion Based on this systematic review,PE does help improve the survival of recurrent cervical cancer patients on the basis of strict selection of candidates.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452416

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical features,treatment and prognosis of struma ovarii.Methods From January 1990 to January 2012,a total of 68 patients were diagnosed struma ovarii at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,Peking Union Medical College Hospital.Clinical data of these patients were studied retrospectively.Results (1) Characteristics of patients:the median age of patients was 42 years old (17-81 years).Of those patients,64 cases (94%) were diagnosed begin struma ovarii and 4(6%) were malignant struma ovarii.(2) Clinical feature:32(47%,32/68) patients were identified with pelvic mass by ultrasonic test,28 cases(41%) had clinical abdominal pain,8(12%) touched a mass from abdominal wall.Preoperative CA125 were tested in 54 patients,but only 8 cases(15%) had moderate elevation.All patients receive ultrasound examination,and 51 cases (75%) were mulitcystic lesions with many septi,3(4%) solid lesions and 14(21%) solid-cystic tumors.The mean diameter of tumors was(8 ± 3) cm.Ascites was present in 4 (6%,4/68)patients.Sixty-seven patients had unilateral lesions,and 1 patient had bilateral lesions.No patient had hyperthyroidism presentation.Nineteen cases underwent thyroid function test after operation,and the results were normal.(3) Treatment:all patients underwent surgical treatment.Among patients with begin struma ovarii,25 cases underwent cystectomy,15 cases unilateral,2 bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy,22 cases hysterectomy + unilateral or bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.Four malignant struma ovarii,1 patient underwent fertility-sparing staging surgery,2 patients unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy,1 case hysterectomy + bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.Two patients received chemotherapy after surgery.(4) Prognosis:all patients were followed up in Peking Union Medical College Hospital.The median follow-up time of benign struma ovarii was 5.4 years (6 months-21 years) and there were no recurrence.The median follow-up time of malignant struma ovarii was 11.5 years (9-20 years).Three cases had long-term recurrence at 2,7 and 16 years respectively after surgery.They were received surgical treatment after recurrence and all were alive.Two cases were given by thyroidectomy and 131I treatment.Conclusions Struma ovarii is a rare ovarian monodermal teratoma.Tumorectomy or salpingo-oophorectomy is the appropriate therapeutic treatment for benign struma ovarii.The incidence of malignant struma ovarii is low,and there are no standard treatments.Because of higher long-term recurrence rate,these patients need close follow-up.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445764

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the prognosis and fertility outcomes of patients with early stage of cervical cancer treated by vaginal radical trachelectomy ( VRT ) in combination with laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy.Methods The surgical data , disease recurrences and fertility outcomes were analyzed retrospectively for 51 patients who received VRT in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from Dec.2003 to Nov.2013.Results Forty-eight patients succeeded in preserving fertility.The median age was 29 years.International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics ( FIGO ) stage: 5 cases Ⅰa1 with lymph vascular space invasion (LVSI),4 cases Ⅰa2 and 39 cases in stage Ⅰb1.Tumor size: 20 cases with no visible lesion, 20 cases with tumor size ≤2 cm, 8 cases with tumor size >2 cm.Histological type:42 cases with squamous carcinoma , 6 cases with adenocarcinoma or adeno-squamous carcinoma.The mean excised cervical length and parametrial width was ( 2.6 ±0.6 ) cm and ( 1.9 ±0.5 ) cm, respectively.Six recurrences ( 12%) were observed after following up for a mean duration of ( 35 ±21 ) months.The recurrent rate in patients with tumor size >2 cm was 3/8, which was significantly higher than that of the patients with tumor size ≤2 cm (8%, 3/40;P2 cm.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 652-654, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435702

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the treatment methods of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in women aged 65 years and over.Methods From July 2002 to December 2011,51 postmenopausal women aged 65 years and over with CIN were admitted to our hospital.The diagnosis and treatment were summarized and analyzed,and the CIN related literatures were discussed.Results 31 patients received colposcopy and the colposcopically directed punch biopsy.Squamocolumnar junction (SCJ) was found in 18 patients (58.1%,18/31),and not found in 13 patients (41.9%,13/31).Among the 31 patients,21 patients received conization after biopsy.9 patients were under-diagnosed by biopsy,in which 4 cases (44.4%) SCJ were found and in 5 cases (55.6%)SCJ were not found.In all patients,26 patients received conization and 20 patients received hysterectomy directly.There were 14 patients received hysterectomy after conization.Among 14 patients,the uteruses in 4 patients with conization specimen diagnosed as CIN Ⅱ-Ⅲ and negative margin were 100.0% (4/4),and the uteruses in 3 patients with conization specimen diagnosed as CINII-Ⅲ and positive margin were 50.0% (3/6).Conclusions For women aged 65 years and over,it is very important whether SCJ can be seen or not in colpscopy and directed punch biopsy procedure.It is better to do conization if possible.Patients with conization specimen diagnosed CINII-Ⅲ and negative margin needn't subsequent hysterectomy.Patients with positive margin but with bad general conditions or complications can continue to be monitored if they have good follow-up conditions.If patients are diagnosed as carcinoma by conization specimen,total hysterectomy or radical hysterectomy is recommended.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430041

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics and assess the outcome of treatment for cervical cancer during pregnancy.Methods A cohort of 13 patients with cervical cancer diagnosed during pregnancy from January 2001 to September 2011 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) was retrospectively studied.Clinical information,gestational age at diagnosis,treatment options and maternal and child outcomes were collected and analyzed.Results Thirteen patients out of 2030 cases of invasive cervical cancer were diagnosed during pregnancy with an incidence of 0.64% (13/2030).The Mean gestational age at diagnosis of 13 patients is 21+6 weeks.Two cases were diagnosed during the first trimester,8 cases at second trimester and 3 cases at third trimester respectively.Vaginal bleeding during the pregnancy was main clinical manifestation presented in 8 patients and all thirteen cases were diagnosed by biopsy with pathological types of squamous cell carcinoma in 10 cases.The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage was Ⅰ in eleven cases and stage Ⅱ in two cases.Six patients of them received treatment promptly after diagnosis.The other 7 patients had delayed treatment with mean diagnosis-treatment interval time of 65 days due to fertility reasons,who ended pregnancy by cesarean section at mean gestational age of 34+6 weeks,two of them received chemotherapy with cisplatin + fiuorouracil (PF)or cisplatin respectively before the end of the pregnancy,while the one with PF chemotherapy experienced neonatal death.The rest 6 neonatal outcomes were good.As follow-up of 13 cases:11 cases in stage Ⅰ received surgical treatment,and two of which had recurrence respectively,15 months and 7 months post surgery,and one case had died.One case of Stage Ⅱ patients died and one had recurrence after 53 months after radiotherapy.The recurrence rate in 13 cases was 3/13 and the mortality rate was 2/13.Conclusions Most cases of cervical cancer diagnosed during pregnancy were in early FIGO stage.For those patients diagnosed in late pregnancy with strong fertility demand,considering delayed treatment according to FIGO stage of the disease and fetus maturity is appropriate.Chemotherapy during pregnancy may cause neonatal complications.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384847

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the clinicopathologic characteristics of mucinous borderline ovarian tumors (MBOT) and evaluate the risk factors for recurrence. Methods A retrospective study included age, the level of Preoperative serum CA125, surgical procedures, surgical-staging and the risk factors for recurrence in 130 patients with MBOT who were treated from Jan. 1994 to Dec. 2008 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital was done. Results Preoperative serum CA125 and CA199 were elevated in 34% (33/96) and 50% (13/26) of patients respectively. Fifty-two radical surgeries included total hysterectomy and bilateral saipingo-oovarectomy (THBSO) and 78 fertility-sparing surgeries included 54salpingo-oovarectomies (SO) and 24 cystectomy were done. Fifty-five cases underwent comprehensive surgical staging. Mean size of the tumors was (16 ± 10)cm and 90. 0% (117/130) were limited to unilateral ovary. There were 59 (45.4%) cases, 62 (47.7%o) cases, 2 (1.5%) cases and 7 (5.4%) cases in stage Ⅰa, Ⅰc, Ⅱ , Ⅲ , respectively. Forty-five(34.6%)concurrent with benign mucinous tumors, 14(10.8%)ovarian intraepithelial carcinoma, 8 (6.2%) micro-invasive carcinoma and 4 (3.1%) pseudomyxoma peritonei were found. Median duration for follow-up was 56.3 months. Sixteen (12.3%) recurrences and 2 tumor related deaths were found. Median duration from surgery to recurrence was 25.6 months. Recurrent rate after THBSO(4%, 2/49)was significantly lower than that of SO(13%, 7/54) and cystectomy (17%,4/24; P < 0.05). The recurrent rate of Ⅰc or Ⅲ was 18% (11/62) or 3/7, which were significantly higher than that of stage Ⅰa (3% ,2/59; P <0.05). Three of the 4 pseudomyxoma peritonei appeared recurrence.While,the results showed that these were no effect on recurrent rate whether concurrent intraepithelial,microinvasive carcinoma or not comprehensive staging surgery. Conclusions Majority of MBOT were diagnosed in early stage and have favorable prognosis. Patients who take conservative surgery had higher recurrence rate than those radical surgery, but it doesn't affect survival. Late stage and concurrent pseudomyxoma peritonei are risk factors for recurrence.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 491-494, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415556

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the differential expression of protein in taxol-resistance from elderly females with ovarian cancer, by compared proteomics analysis and identified the candidated marker in the clinical tissues. Methods Soluble fraction proteins in two SKOV3 taxol-resistant cells, SK-TR30 and SK-TR2500 and one A2780 taxol-resistant cell, A2780-TR paired taxol-sensitive ovarian cancer cells were separated and prepared by two dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). The differentially expressed proteins were selected and identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/lonization time of flight mass spectrometry(MALDI-TOF-MS) and database search. 2-DE profiles with high resolution and reproducibility were obtained. Then highly expressed protein-cofilin1 which exist in two forms of de-phosphorylate was detected and compared between human ovarian cancer specimens including 22 elderly female with chemosensitive and 21 elderly female with chemoresistant by immunohistochemistry. Results Among the identified proteins, there were sixteen over/under-expressed proteins in taxol-resistant cell lines as compared with taxol-sensitive cell lines. In particular, overexpression of cofilin1 and destrin were displayed in all three taxol-resistant cell lines. The expression of phosphorylation of cofilin (P<0.05), but not cofilin1, displayed much higher in chemoresistant than in chemosensitive group. Conclusions Cofilin1 may play a role of taxol resistance by phosphorylation of ovarian cancer cell. However, the mechanisms need to be elucidated further.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388724

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the differentially expressed genes in cardinal ligament between patients with pelvic organ prolapse ( POP) and postmenopausal women without POP by Human Genome Expression Chip and explore the potential molecular mechanism involved in POP.Methods From January to May,2007,cardinal ligament samples were obtained from 3 postmenopausal patients with POP-Q stage Ⅲ and 3 postmenopausal patients underwent hysterectomy due to other benign gynecologic diseases without POP in Peking Union Medical College Hospital.HE and Masson's trichrome staining was used to verify tissue origin and inspect histological changes.Those differentially expressed genes in cardinal ligaments were identified by Human Genome Chip and further interrogated with Gene Ontology (GO) and Pathway Analysis.Those remarkable expressed genes were confirmed by qRT-PCR.Results Alterations of ligament architecture in POP patients included disarrangement and collapse of smooth muscle bundles and collagen fibers.A total of 179 differentially expressed genes were screened between POP and non-POP cardinal ligament tissue,including 20 functional unknown genes.A total of 107 genes were upregulated in POP group,while 72 genes downregulated.Those differentially genes were revealed associated with multiple functional proteins and metabolic pathways by biological analysis.Among these,Wnt signaling pathway exhibited the most remarkable changes.Real-time quantitative PCR showed the genes of COL1Al,DKK1,SFRP1,FZD5,WNT16b in POP group (2.98 ±1.40,3.03 ±0.48,8.13 ±4.42,5.19 ±3.50,12.40± 3.88) were upregulated significantly compared with non-POP group (1.09 ±0.08,1/20 ±0.18,0.41 ± 0.51,0.87 ±0.24,1.40 ±0.47; P < 0.05 ).Conclusions The pathophysiology of POP is complex and associated with multiple functional proteins and metabolic pathways.Among these,the antagonist DKK1,SFRP1 in Wnt signaling pathway may contribute to a neurodegenerative role in POP development.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392031

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize hypersensitivity reactions to chemotherapy with carboplatin in patients with gynecologic malignancies and serve use of carboplatin.Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical features,management,or outcome of carboplatin-related hypersensitivity reactions in 13 patients with gynecologic malignancies from 1983 to 2008.Results Twenty times hypersensitivity reactions happened in thirteen women with carboplatin hypersensitivity reactions.The earliest one was at the 5th cycle,the last one was at the 28th cycle;the average cycle was 11.6.The accumulative dosage of carboplatin was 1 900-11 400 mg.The average dose was 4840 mg,2500-7200 mg were the main dose range.More than 5 cycles and (or) more than 2500-7200 mg of carboplatin administration significantly increased the incidence of hypersensitivity reactions in the twelve patients.Beactions were generally occurred at the first 5-10 minutes during intravenous infusion.The average time was 7.6 minutes.Symptoms included mild-to-moderate reactions and severe reactions.Thirteen patients experienced earboplatin hypersensitivity.Two out of 13 cases exhibited severe hypersensitivity reaction at the first time.The first hypersensitivity reactions was mild-to-moderate in 11 cases.When retreated with carboplatin,4 exhibited no more reactions,5 exhibited mild-to-moderate hypersensitiviry reactions,2 exhibited severe reactions.Mildto-moderate reactions were resolved by temporary interruption of carboplatin infusion,and (or) using steroid,while severe hypersensitivity reactions were resolved by more medicines.Conclusions The hypersensitivity reactions in the patients receiving carboplatin are increased after multiple doses of the agent.The possible of retreat with the carboplatin for the mild-to-moderate reactions may be considered.Hypersensitivity reactions should be treated actively.The following chemotherapy should be planed individually.The primary chemotherapy protocol for the patients with severe hypersensitivity reactions should not be reconsidered.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395302

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical characteristic, the optimal treatments and the prognosis for the recurrence and failure of primary treatment in malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCT).Methods The clinical data of 17 recurrent and failure of primary treatment in MOGCT cases treated in Pecking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1983 to May 2008 were analyzed retrospectively to evaluate failure of primary treatment and second treatment. Results Only the 4 eases of recurrent and failure of primary treatment of MOGCT were underwent comprehensive surgical staging. After primary surgery in 1 -8 months, 16 cases received the non-standard chemotherapy were found the lesion again. The secondary debulking surgery was done for the 15 cases and also received the standard chemotherapy. Among of them, 8 cases were survival during follow up, 5 cases gave up the treatment and 4 patients were lost following up during the treatment. Conclusions The standard primary treatment is the most important for the MOGCT. Even for the recurrence and failure of primary treatment of MOGCT, the satisfied cytoreduetive surgery plus the standard chemotherapy also show the significant impact on the prognosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401661

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and its effectiveness of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasm Ⅲ(VIN Ⅲ).Methods Clinical data, including age of the patients, mode of surgical operation, pathological features, results of post-operation follow-up, of 12 cases of VIN Ⅲ admitted to the Peking Union Medical College Hospital(PUMCH)during January 1984 to December2006 were retrospectively analyzed.Results Mean age of the 12 cases was 40.3(ranging from 23 to 56)years.All the patients had symptoms of vulvar itching, three with VUlVar ulcer and one with vulvar pain.There was single neoplasm focus in two cases and multiple focuses in 10 cases, five cases with neoplasm in other sites and five with human papilloma virus(HPV)infection.All the 12 patients received surgical operation, three with simple vulvectomy(one with some residue at perianal incisal edge)and other nine with lumpectomy(four with some residue at incisal edge).Eight cases were followed-up for 9.0 months in average(ranging 1~22 months)after surgical operation, including three with some residue at incisal edge.Relapse was found in two cases three and 11 months after operation, respectively, who received re-operation, including one with residue at incisal edge and one without residue.Conclusions It is necessary to attach more importance to biopsy for the cases of suspected VIN Ⅲ, as well as colposcopic diagnosis for those with vaginal or vulvar neoplasm and testing for HPV infection.Surgical operation, including simple vulvectomy and lumpectomy with or without adjunctive measures, are main treatment for patients of VIN Ⅲ and follow-up is also important for all those with VIN Ⅲ.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397320

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characters,treatment and prognosis of primary malignant tumor in vagina.Methods A retrospective analysis of 42 patients diagnosed with primary malignant tumor in vagina in Peking Union Medical College Hospital(PUMCH)between Jan 1984 and Aug 2006 was performed.Results Primary malignant tumor accounted for 0.98%(42/4286)in the total gynecological malignant tumors during that period in PUMCH.According to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics(FIGO)staging system,19 cases were at stage Ⅰ,12 cases at stage Ⅱ,5 cases at stageⅢ,and 6 cases at stage Ⅵ.Thairteen cases were squamous carcinoma,13 cases were malignant melanoma,8 cases were adenocarcinoma.3 case8 were yolk sac tumor and 5 cases were other types.The majority of patients were treated with surgery combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.Up to August 2007,19 cases survived.18 cases were dead and 5 casefl were lost.The longest follow up was 10 years,with the median time of 2 years.The overall 2-year SUrvival rate was 60.6%.For stage Ⅰ,stage Ⅱ, and stage Ⅲ-Ⅵ,the 2-year survival rates were 71.3%.58.3%and 29.6%respectively.The 2-year survival rate of patients with squamous carcinoma Was 46.8%,malignant melanoma 72.9%,adenocarcinoma 20.0%and patients with yolk sac tumor were all alive tumor-free after 6-10 years'follow up.Conclusions The prognosis of primary malignant tumor in vagina is affected by clinical stage and histological type.A8 to malignant melanoma,radical surgery combined with chemotherapy and immunotherapy produce good effects.Patients with yolk sac tumor can be cured only with chemotherapy.As to other types,more treatment experiences are needed.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397234

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effect between intra-arterial and intra-venous neoadjuvant chemotherapy(NACT)in stage Ⅰb2-Ⅱ b cervical carcinoma.Methods A retrospective analysis Was done on 52 cases of intra-venous NACT and 95 eases of intm-arterial NACT for stage Ⅰ b2-Ⅱ b cervical carcinoma treatad in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 1999.ResulIs The response rate of intraveHous NACT and intra-arterial NACT was 88%(46/52)and 79%(75/95).and the operative rate after NACT Was 81%(42/52)and 72%(68/95)respectively(P>0.05).There were no significant differences in surgery time,blood loss and pest-operative morbidity between these two groups.Pathological parametrial positive rate after NACT in arterial group(6%)Was significantly lower than that of venous group (50%,P>0.05).The venous group had very similar recurrence rates(13%vs 17%)and death rates (9%VS 12%)when compared with the arterial group(P>0.05).Conclusions The intra-arterial and intra-venous NACT for stage Ⅰ b2-Ⅱb cervical carcinoma show similar response rate.operative rate and surgical difficulties.Arterial NACT shows a better effect on parametrial infiltration.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588107

ABSTRACT

Cervical carcinoma is a continuous pathological procedure from preinvasive lesion to carcinoma.Cervicalintraepithelial neoplasia-the preinvasive disease of cervix carcinoma-is currently regarded to be associated with HPV infection.HPV is a small double-stranded DNA virus composed of protein shell and DNA core.The gene group includes early coding region,late coding region and long control region.E6 and E7 protein which are coded in the early coding region play a crucial role in virus copy.HPVs in reproductive system are very common in sex-active people.At least 75% of women who have sexual life will infect HPVs in some period of their life.Most of them can regress,and only those infected by high risk type virus and combined with other high risk factors could progress to HSIL or cervical carcinoma.As to HPV infection,people should neither overlook it nor got scared.Currently,treatment of the local vulva or cervical lesion caused by HPV infection is the most effective.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588106

ABSTRACT

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia is a preinvasive lesion of cervical carcinoma associated with HPV infection.It can be classified as low or high grade according to the degree of the lesion.Low grade lesion includes HPV infection and CIN1,and high grade lesion includes CIN2~3.HPV infection and CIN have become very common among fertile women,so more and more attention has been paid to the influence that HPV infection,cervical lesion and their treatments would have on pregnancy.HPV infection may increase during pregnancy period.Tough there will be more chances for the vaginal delivery infants to be exposed to HPV,it is not proper to draw a conclusion that cesarean must be performed for all HPV infected pregant women.If CIN1 is found during pregnancy,observation and close follow-up post partum should be advised.Pregnancy may not deteriorate CIN2~3,but clear diagnosis should be made during pregnancy if colposcopy examination result is not satisfactory or great doubt for invasive cancer exits.In this case,conization during the second semester of the pregancy is advised,which may increase the cesarean rate.Conservative therapy for CIN has not significant influnce on fertility,while cold knife conization and LEEP conization may increase the premature delivery rate,which may be associated with premature ruption of fetal membrane.

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