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Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 45-48, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487459


ObjectiveTo dynamically observe the effects ofJieduan Niwan Formula on mitochondrial apoptotic pathway in acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) rats; To further reveal the possible mechanism ofJieduan Niwan Formula.MethodsSPF Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group andJieduan Niwan group. 13-week porcine serum injection followed withD-galactosamine and lipopolysaccharide joint acute attack was used to established ACLF model in all rats except for normal group. Rats inJieduan Niwangroup were orally givenJieduan NiwanFormula for 3 days before acute attack. Rats were sacrificed respectively at 4, 8 and 12 h after models were established. The expressions of Bid, Cytochrome C (Cyt C) and hepatocyte ultrastructure were detected by Western blot method, immunohistochemical analysis and transmission electron microscope, respectively.Results Compared with normal group, the levels of Cyt C and Bid in model group increased at 4 h and peaked at 8 h but decreased at 12 h (P<0.05); however, the levels of Cyt C and Bid inJieduan Niwan group were lower than those in model group at 4 and 8 h but higher at 12 h (P<0.05). The ultrastructures were significantly damaged in model rats, which severity was escalated through time; inJieduan Niwan group, the degree of injury decreased at each timing.ConclusionJieduan NiwanFormula can efficiently alleviate the hepatocyte damage in ACLF rats, and the mechanism might be involved in the inhibition of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway.

Chinese Journal of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases ; (6)1987.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-583086


Objective To investigate the effect of daphnetin on superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and DNA synthesis in P. falciparum in vitro. Methods The effect of daphnetin, daphnetin-Fe complex and desferrioxamine B on SOD activity of P. falciparum (P. f) FOCI in vitro was determined with a SOD test-kit. The level of DNA synthesis of P. f synchronized cultured in vitro at various developmental stages after treatment of daphnetin or desferrioxamine B was assayed by fluorescein Hoechest 33258. Results The total SOD activity decreased by 60% after daphnetin treatment while it only decreased by 22% if treated with desferrioxamine B. No effect on SOD activity of P. f treated with daphnetin-Fe complex was observed. The level of DNA synthesis of P. f trophozoites in synchronized in vitro culture was significantly lower than that of the control. Conclusion Daphnetin lowered SOD activity and decreased DNA synthesis of P. f in vitro.