Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 11 de 11
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 570-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978500

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical and epidemiological features of pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) in kidney transplant recipients. Methods Clinical data of 68 kidney transplant recipients admitted from July, 2021 to December, 2021 were collected. All patients were divided into the PJP group (n=11), common pulmonary infection group (n=24) and non-pneumonia group (n=33) according to the status of pulmonary infection. The incidence and treatment of PJP after kidney transplantation were analyzed. Basic characteristics and laboratory parameters of the recipients were compared among all groups. The genotyping and transmission map of PJP patients were evaluated. Results Among 64 kidney transplant recipients, 11 cases were definitely diagnosed with PJP. The most common clinical manifestations included elevated body temperature, and dry cough complicated with progressive dyspnea. Chest CT scan showed diffuse interstitial inflammation and ground glass-like lesions of bilateral lungs in all patients. After diagnosis, all patients were orally given with compound sulfamethoxazole for 3-4 weeks. Two patients received non-invasive ventilator-assisted ventilation due to severe lung infection and dyspnea, and the remaining patients were given with nasal cannula oxygenation. One patient experienced elevated serum creatinine level upon discharge, and developed renal allograft failure. The remaining 10 recipients with PJP obtained normal renal allograft function, and no recipient died. Compared with the non-pneumonia group, the rejection rate was higher, the length of hospital stay was longer, the lymphocyte count was less, the lymphocyte proportion was lower, the levels of C-reactive protein, serum creatinine and lactate dehydrogenase were higher, and the levels of serum albumin was lower and CD4+T cell count was less in the PJP group (all P < 0.05). Compared with common pulmonary infection group, the lymphocyte count was less, the lymphocyte proportion was lower, the CD4+T cell count was less and 1, 3-β-D- glucan (BDG) level was higher in the PJP group (all P < 0.05). No new genotype was detected in 10 of the 12 testing samples. It was considered that PJP mainly depended on two transmission chains and two independent transmission individuals. Conclusions Kidney transplant recipients are prone to pneumocystis jirovecii (PJ) infection due to impaired cellular immune function. The most common clinical manifestations consist of elevated body temperature and dry cough complicated with progressive dyspnea, accompanied by headache and fatigue in partial patients. Chest CT scan shows diffuse interstitial inflammation and ground glass-like lesion of bilateral lungs. PJ may be transmitted through respiratory tract. Small-scale PJP might occur in the follow-up outpatient of kidney transplant recipients. Preventive measures should be delivered in a timely manner.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 547-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978497

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the intra-patient variability (IPV) of tacrolimus trough concentrations and its effect on serum creatinine (Scr) level in kidney transplant recipients treated with nematvir/ritonavir. Methods Clinical data of 41 kidney transplant recipients infected by SARS-CoV-2 and treated with nematvir/ritonavir were collected. The usage of nematvir/ritonavir and tacrolimus was summarized. The distribution of tacrolimus trough concentrations and the attainment rate of target concentration were analyzed. The correlation between the IPV distribution of tacrolimus trough concentrations and the changes of Scr level was determined. Results Among 41 kidney transplant recipients, 46%(19/41) were given with full- and low-dose nematvir/ritonavir, and 7%(3/41) were given with high-dose nematvir/ritonavir. Use of tacrolimus was discontinued at 24 h before nematvir/ritonavir treatment in 95%(39/41) patients, and at 24 h after use of nematvir/ritonavir in 5%(2/41) patients. Tacrolimus was given at least 3 d after the 5-d course of nematvir/ritonavir in all patients. The attainment rate of tacrolimus trough concentration was 73%(30/41), 30%(3/10), 48%(15/31), 35%(11/31) and 53%(16/30) before, during, 1 week, 2 weeks and 1 month after use of nematvir/ritonavir, respectively. The median IPV was 35%(23%, 51%). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the increase of Scr level was positively correlated with IPV (rs=0.400 7, P=0.028 2). Conclusions The attainment rate of tacrolimus trough concentration is declined in kidney transplant recipients treated with nematvir/ritonavir. The IPV of tacrolimus trough concentrations is elevated. The recipients with higher IPV are prone to an elevation in Scr level.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 265-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965051

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between internal iliac artery calcification and delayed graft function (DGF) and short-term prognosis of kidney transplant recipients. Methods Clinical data of 222 kidney transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to the recovery of renal function, all recipients were divided into the DGF group (n=50) and immediate graft function (IGF) group (n=172). According to whether the recipients were complicated with severe internal iliac artery calcification, DGF and IGF groups were further divided into the high-risk DGF (n=22), low-risk DGF (n=28), high-risk IGF (n=41) and low-risk IGF(n=131) subgroups, respectively. Clinical data of donors and recipients were statistically compared between two groups. The incidences of postoperative DGF and internal iliac artery calcification were recorded. The risk factors of DGF after kidney transplantation, and the correlation between internal iliac artery calcification and clinical parameters were analyzed. Short-term prognosis of recipients with DGF complicated with severe internal iliac artery calcification was evaluated. Results The incidence of DGF was 22.5% (50/222). Among all recipients, 28.4% (63/222) were complicated with severe internal iliac artery calcification. In the DGF group, 44% (22/50) of the recipients were complicated with severe internal iliac artery calcification, higher than 23.8% (41/172) in the IGF group (P < 0.05). Univariate analysis showed that high serum creatinine (Scr) level of donors, male donor, high triglyceride level and severe internal iliac artery calcification of recipients were the risk factors for DGF after kidney transplantation (all P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that Scr≥143 μmol/L of donors and severe internal iliac artery calcification of recipients were the independent risk factors for DGF after kidney transplantation (both P < 0.05). Correlation analysis indicated that internal iliac artery calcification was weakly correlated with the age of recipients and renal artery anastomosis (both P < 0.05). In the DGF group, the Scr level at postoperative 1 month was significantly higher, whereas the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was significantly lower than those in the IGF group (both P < 0.05). The eGFR at postoperative 12 months in the high-risk DGF subgroup was significantly lower than those in the low-risk DGF, high-risk IGF and low-risk IGF subgroups (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Internal iliac artery calcification is not only a risk factor for recovery of renal allograft function, but also negatively affects short-term prognosis of renal allograft function.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 74-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907036

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the predictive values of serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), urine NGAL, serum cystatin C (Cys-C) and serum creatinine (Scr) for early delayed graft function (DGF) in kidney transplant recipients. Methods Clinical data, blood and urine samples of 159 kidney transplant recipients were collected. All recipients were divided into the DGF group (n=42) and immediate graft function (IGF) group (n=117) according to the incidence of DGF. Clinical data of all recipients were analyzed. The changes of serum NGAL, urine NGAL, Cys-C and Scr levels were statistically compared between two groups. The predictive values of different markers for early DGF were assessed. Results Among 159 kidney transplant recipients, DGF occurred in 42 cases with an incidence rate of 26.4%. There were statistically significant differences in donor age, cold ischemia time of donor kidney and complement-dependent cytoxicity (CDC) between the two groups(all P < 0.05). Within postoperative 2 weeks, the serum NGAL levels in the DGF group were higher than those in the IGF group (all P < 0.05). The Cys-C, Scr and urine NGAL levels in the DGF group were higher compared with those in the IGF group within 3 weeks after kidney transplantation(all P < 0.001). Serum NGAL, urine NGAL, Cys-C and Scr levels had certain predictive values for early DGF in kidney transplant recipients. Cys-C yielded the highest predictive value with a cut-off value of 4.73 mg/L, sensitivity of 0.833, specificity of 0.812 and area under the curve (AUC) of 0.895. Conclusions Cys-C has higher predictive value for early DGF in kidney transplant recipients compared with serum NGAL, urine NGAL and Scr.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 332-338, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885017

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the predictive value of the quick sequential organ failure assessment(qSOFA) score in septic shock after percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL).Methods:309 patients who underwent PCNL at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University between May 2018 and October 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Among them, there were 192 men and 117 women, whose mean age was (51.4±12.8)years (range from 20 to 79 years). There were 82 cases(26.5%) of hypertension and 23 cases(7.4%) of diabetes. There were 88 patients(28.5%) with positive preoperative urine culture.102 patients(33.0%) were diagnosed with staghorn calculi by abdominal CT and urinary tract abdominal plain film(KUB).78 patients(25.2%) had a history of urinary surgery. The qSOFA and SIRS were evaluated to all patients within 24 h after PCNL and the best diagnostic criteria was considered as qSOFA≥2 and SIRS≥2. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curves were constructed and the areas under the curve(AUC) were calculated to compare the discriminatory ability of qSOFA and SIRS with the post-PCNL septic shock. A univariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the covariates associated with post-PCNL sepsis. Then adjusted multivariate analysis was used to identify the predictive value of positive qSOFA and SIRS for the postoperative clinical outcomes including postoperative hospitalization days, postoperative blood transfusion, postoperative re-intervention, residual stone, planned readmission within 30 days and unplanned readmission within 30 days.Results:Among the 309 patients who underwent PCNL, 23 patients(7.4%) met the positive qSOFA criterion while 84 patients(27.2%) developed to SIRS. 7 patients(2.3%) were admitted to ICU after operation and were eventually diagnosed as septic shock, among which 6 patients met the criteria of qSOFA and SIRS. 8 patients(2.6%) underwent multi-channel operation. The median operative time of 309 patients was 85(56, 115) min. Postoperative calculus composition analysis showed that 64 patients(20.7%) were infectious calculi. Postoperative KUB showed residual calculi in 179 patients (57.9%). The median postoperative hospital stay was 7(6, 9) days. 10 patients(3.2%) received blood transfusion. 9 patients(2.9%) received re-intervention after surgery. There were 41 patients (13.3%) of planned readmissions and 16 cases (5.2%) of unplanned readmissions within 30 days. The AUC of qSOFA and SIRS was 0.900 and 0.799 respectively. The qSOFA had a higher specificity, positive likelihood ratio and positive predictive value(94.4%, 15.23, 26.1%)than that of SIRS(74.2%, 3.32, 7.1%)for septic shock. In univariate logistic regression analysis significant associations were observed between positive urine culture, stone size, staghorn stones, struvite stones, surgery history, operation time and sepsis after PCNL. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that postoperative length of stay( OR=1.237, 95% CI 1.048-1.459, P=0.012) and postoperative transfusion( OR=8.265, 95% CI 1.409-48.481, P=0.019) were closely associated with qSOFA after adjusting for covariates shown to be related to post-PCNL sepsis mentioned above. Conclusions:The qSOFA could be superior to SIRS in predicting septic shock after PCNL.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 105-110, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734578

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between uric acid stone formation and visceral fat area based on computed tomography.Methods As many as 247 patients admitted to our hospital were retrospectively reviewed from January 2017 to January 2018.There were 161 males (65.2%) and 86 females (34.8%).The average age was 51 (20-88 years).According to the results of stone analysis after surgery,the patients were divided into uric acid stone group and non-uric acid stone group.According to the abdominal CT scan,Image J software was used to measure the anthropometric measurements like waist circumference,total fat area (TFA),and visceral fat area (VFA),and subcutaneous fat area (SFA).The clinical characteristics of different stone components were compared.An univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent factors associated with uric acid stone formation.Different anthropometric measurements were compared by using the area under receiver operating characteristic curve.Results The uric acid stones in high VFA group (28/110;25.5%) were obviously more frequent than that in the low VFA group (7/137;5.1%) (P < 0.05).The results of the univariate logistic regression analysis showed that age,diabetes,hyperlipidemia,TFA,waist circumference,body mass index (BMI),VFA,uric acid,and urine pH were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that diabetes (OR =3.408,95% CI 1.123-10.340,P =0.030),VFA (OR =6.740,95% CI 1.95 1-23.279,P =0.003),uric acid (OR =3.182,95 % CI 1.120-9.040,P =0.030) and urine pH (OR =4.052,95% CI 1.095-14.989,P =0.036) were independent factors associated with uric acid stone formation.The area under the curve of TFA,waist circumference,BMI,VFA,and SFA were 0.659,0.665,0.632,0.723 and 0.544,respectively.Conclusions Diabetes,VFA,uric acid and urine pH are independent factors influencing the formation of uric acid stones.Compared with other anthropometric measurements such as TFA,waist circumference,BMI,and SFA,VFA can better assess abdominal obesity and predict the formation of uric acid stones.

7.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 284-288, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755935

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy of renal transplantation plus hematopoietic stem cell transplantation on inducing immune tolerance and summarize its long-term follow-up outcomes . Methods From 2009 to 2018 ,a total of 11 cases of living related donor kidney transplantation plus hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were performed .Two of them were HLA-matched and the remainder were mismatched for one HLA haplotype . The donor hematopoietic stem cells were mobilized using granulocyte colony-stimulating factor at 5 days pre-transplantation and collected at 1 day pre-operation .The recipients received total lymphoid irradiation for 3 days pre-transplantation and received anti-thymocyte globulin induction during transplantation .The donor hematopoietic stem cells were infused at 2 ,4 and 6 postoperative day .Postoperative regulatory T cells ,chimerism ,B cell activating factor and mixed lymphocyte culture and other parameters were detected and long-term follow-up outcomes tracked .Results The immune tolerance-inducible recipients had a significant increase in activated Treg .One HLA-matched recipient achieved 30%-50% of chimerism and lost after 6 months .However ,other recipients did not achieve mixed chimerism .The BAFF of recipient spiked sharply after transplantation .Mixed lymphocyte culture indicated that a donor-specific low response was induced .The recipients were followed up for 717 to 3612 days .The first recipient lost renal function and another ten recipients had stable renal function . None of the recipients had myelosuppression or graft-versus-host disease .Allograft biopsy confirmed only one case of mild acute rejection . The dose of immunosuppressive agents was lowered in 5 patients .Conclusions Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for inducing tolerance is safe during renal transplantation . And chimerism is essential for inducing immune tolerance .

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 272-277, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731739

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the interleukin (IL)-35 and the recovery of renal graft function. Methods Clinical data of 45 recipients receiving renal transplantation from donation after cardiac death (DCD) were retrospectively analyzed. According to the presence of delayed graft function (DGF) after renal transplantation, all recipients were divided into the immediate graft function (IGF) group (n=32) and DGF group (n=13). The serum creatinine (Scr) level and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in the recipients were statistically compared between two groups at 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 28 d and 3, 6 and 12 months after renal transplantation. The IL-35 levels in the serum and urine samples of the recipients were statistically compared between two groups at 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, 28 d following renal transplantation. Results In the DGF group, the renal function was restored slowly. Compared with the IGF group, the Scr level was significantly higher, whereas the eGFR was considerably lower in the DGF group at postoperative 7 d (both P<0.05). At 1 year after surgery, there was no significant difference in the Scr level between two groups. Compared with the IGF group, the eGFR in the DGF group was significantly lower at postoperative 1 year (P<0.05). At 1, 2, 3, 7, 14 d after operation, the serum levels of IL-35 in the DGF group were evidently lower than those in the IGF group (all P<0.05). Compared with the IGF group, the serum level of IL-35 in the DGF group was significantly increased at postoperative 28 d (P<0.05). At postoperative 1, 2, 3, 7 d, the IL-35 levels in the urine samples in the DGF group were significantly lower than those in the IGF group (all P<0.05). At postoperative 14 and 28 d, the IL-35 levels in the urine samples did not significantly differ between two groups (both P>0.05). Conclusions The low levels of IL-35 in the serum and urine of recipients after renal transplantation are associated with the incidence of DGF to certain extent, prompting that excessively weak systemic and local anti-inflammatory responses early after renal transplantation and uncontrolled excessive inflammatory response are probably the pivotal causes of DGF.

9.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5432-5439, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504829

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:In recent years, with the use of new immunosuppressive agents, the survival rate of renal graft is greatly improved, but accompanied by lots of side effects and unchanged long-term graft survival. Mesenchymal stem cel s (MSCs) have aroused people’s great interest, while their efficacy in kidney transplantation remains controversial. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy of MSCs transplantation on post-transplant renal graft function with a systematic review. METHODS:PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library database, the Cochrane Central Register of Control ed Trials, Wanfang database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched until November 2015. Revman 5.3 was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:A total of 6 randomized control ed trials were included, including 1 166 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that at 1, 2 weeks and 1 month after kidney transplantation, the posttransplantation estimated glomerular filtration rates in the MSC-treated group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P0.05). To conclude, MSC-based immunosuppression regimen is superior to current standard immunotherapy in improving renal graft function in the early stage after kidney transplantation, but the clinical efficacy is diminished in the later period. Therefore, further investigation using large-scale randomized control ed trials is warranted.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 698-702, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503716

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between dyslipidemia and urinary stone formation.Methods The clinical data of 427 patients diagnosed with urolithiasis in our hospital during January 2015 to May 2016 were collected.Among them,272 men accounting for 63.7%,155 women account for 36.3%.The average age were 53 (43-63).218 cases were kidney stones,accounting for 35.6%;158 cases were ureteral calculi, accounting for 25.8%; 23 cases were kidney stones with ureteral calculi, accounting for 3.8%;28 cases were bladder calculi, accounting for 4.6%.At the same time,950 age and gender matched healthy controls were collected.Among them,570 men accounting for 60%, 380 women account for 40%.The average age were 53 ( 48-60 ).All of them had undergone renal ultrasound to excluded urolithiasis.The difference between lipid level and incidence of dyslipidemia in patients with urolithiasis were observed. The relationship between lipid level and serum UA, urine pH and stone composition was evaluated and analyzed with logistic regression.Results The average serum TC,TG,HDL-C levels of patients with urolithiasis were 4.34mmol/L, 1.38mmol/L, 1.25mmol/L, which levels were 4.32mmol/L,1.09mmol/L,1.40mmol/L in healthy controls.Significant difference were seen between the two groups ( P <0.05 ).The average serum LDL-C was 2.63mmol/L in patients with urolithiasis and 2.65mmol/L in healthy controls.No difference were seen between the two groups ( P=0.241).31.6% of patients with urolithiasis had different degree of dyslipidemia.The average serum UA levels,urine pH value of patients with dyslipidemia were 392μmol/L and 5,which were 339μmol/L and 6 in patients with normal lipid level.Significant difference were seen between the two groups ( P<0.05 ).Among 193 patients who had stone composition analysis, 130 cases had normal lipid level, accounting for 67.4%; 63 cases had dyslipidemia, accounting for 32.6%.In 63 patients with calculi who had dyslipidemia,31 cases had uric acid calculi,accounting for 49.2%.In 130 patients with calculi who had normal lipid level,40 cases had uric acid calculi, accounting for 30.8%.Significant difference were seen between the two groups ( P =0.013 ).Multivariate logistic regression showed TG was the independent risk factor of urinary stone formation ( P=0.001).Conclusion Dyslipidemia is closely related to urinary stone formation,especially concerning the for hypertriglyceridemia.

11.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 765-767, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461822

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI), blood lipid level and cancer de?tection in prostate biopsy. Methods A total of 214 patients undergoing a prostate biopsy during 2013.2—2014.8 were re?viewed retrospectively. They were divided into prostate cancer and non-cancer groups by biopsy results. The differences of age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, prostate volume (PV), blood lipid level and BMI were analyzed between two groups. Risk factors for cancer detection of biopsy were also analyzed. Results Compared with non-cancer patients, pros?tate cancer patients were older, had higher level of PSA and BMI, but smaller PV and lower level of HDL-C ( P<0.05). Lo?gistic regression analysis showed that older, higher level of PSA and BMI were risk factors for prostate biopsy positive, but larger PV and higher level of HDL-C were protective factors (P<0.05). Conclusion Comprehensive assessment of BMI and blood lipid levels can provide important reference for prostate cancer screening at early time and establishment of pros?tate biopsy scheme, which also provide significant evidence for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer at early stage for high risk population.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL