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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 29-32, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799130

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the association of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)276 in adiponectin gene with essential hypertension in population with impaired glucose regulation in Han people of Shanxi region.@*Methods@#The study population consisted of 216 Chinese Hans residents with impaired glucose regulation (IGR) in Shanxi province. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was applied to test the adiponectin SNP276G/T polymorphism.@*Results@#The distributions of genotypes and alleles of SNP276 both displayed significant difference between the IGR complicating norm tension group and the hypertension group (P=0.025, P=0.007). Compared with the TT genotype, the SNP276 non-TT (GT+ GG) genotype was associated with increased risk of complicating with hypertension (OR=3.346, 95% CI: 1.115-8.986, P=0.037), while after age- , sex- and BMI-adjusted, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (P=0.349).@*Conclusions@#SNP276 in adipose most abundant gene transcript 1 (APM1) was associated with the susceptibility to be complicating essential hypertension in population with impaired glucose regulation in Han people of Shanxi region.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 29-32, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867198

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the association of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)276 in adiponectin gene with essential hypertension in population with impaired glucose regulation in Han people of Shanxi region.Methods The study population consisted of 216 Chinese Hans residents with impaired glucose regulation (IGR) in Shanxi province.Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was applied to test the adiponectin SNP276G/T polymorphism.Results The distributions of genotypes and alleles of SNP276 both displayed significant difference between the IGR complicating norm tension group and the hypertension group (P =0.025,P =0.007).Compared with the TT genotype,the SNP276 non-TT (GT + GG) genotype was associated with increased risk of complicating with hypertension (OR =3.346,95% CI:1.115-8.986,P =0.037),while after age-,sex-and BMI-adjusted,there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (P =0.349).Conclusions SNP276 in adipose most abundant gene transcript 1 (APM1) was associated with the susceptibility to be complicating essential hypertension in population with impaired glucose regulation in Han people of Shanxi region.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828312

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect potential variant in an ethical Han Chinese pedigree affected with breast cancer.@*METHODS@#The proband and her relatives were subjected to next-generation sequencing using a target capture sequencing kit containing 121 cancer-related genes. Candidate variants were selected by analysis of their type, frequency in population, and segregation with the phenotype. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and TA cloning.@*RESULTS@#A c.2013_2014ins GT variant was detected in the BRCA1 gene among all breast cancer patients from this pedigree but not among healthy females. The variant was not recorded in the 1000 Genome Project database or the Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC) database. The frameshifting insertion was predicted to form an premature stop codon in gene transcript and can give rise to a truncated protein.@*CONCLUSION@#The BRCA1 c.2013_2014ins GT variant probably underlies the pathogenesis of breast cancer in this Chinese pedigree.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , BRCA1 Protein , Genetics , Breast Neoplasms , Genetics , Exome , Female , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Pedigree , Phenotype
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803570

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effectiveness of collaborative care model-based continuous nursing on the postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder(PPTSD), to provide reference for postpartum clinical nursing.@*Methods@#A total of 100 cases of postpartum puerpera in Beijing Luhe Hospital of Capital Medical University were assigned to the intervention group and the control group according to the random number table method with 50 cases each. In the control group, patients received continuous nursing, however, collaboration care model-based continuous nursing care was carried out in the intervention group. The PPTSD status and psychological resilience between the two groups was assessed by Posttraumatic stress Checklist-Civilian version (PCL-C) and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), respevtively.@*Results@#Before intervention, symptoms scores and total scores of PCL-C and CD-RISC between the two group was no statistical difference (P>0.05). After intervention, the scores of increased arousal symptoms (7.22±1.09), avoidance/numbing (9.77±2.41), re-experiencing symptoms (5.66±1.17) and PCL-C total scores (22.64±3.02) were significantly decreased in the intervention group compared to the control group (8.32 ± 1.05), (11.46 ± 2.87), (6.36 ± 1.25), (26.14 ± 3.27), and there were significant differences between the two groups (t=2.899-5.559, all P<0.01). However, the scores of tenacity (24.90 ± 4.83), strength (14.91 ± 2.25), optimism (7.18 ± 1.61) symptoms and CD-RISC total scores (46.99 ± 6.30) were remakedly increased in the intervention group compared to the control group (23.22 ± 2.69), (13.61 ± 1.75), (6.14 ± 0.91), (42.97 ± 3.30), there were significant differences between the two groups (t=2.154-4.011, P<0.05 or 0.01).@*Conclusions@#Collaboration care model-based continuous nursing care can promote the psychological resilience and alliviate PPTSD.

5.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 401-404,415, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692517

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the gene expression of Efnb2 and Ephb4 in the lung tissue of congenital esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula(EA-TEF) rat,and to explore the effect on lung development in EA rat.Methods Twenty-four female Wistar rats were randomly divided into experimental group(EATEF group)and control group(CON group)with 12 rats in each group.Adriamycin(ADR)-treated rats were established by intrapedtoneal injection of adriamycin at 1.75 mg / kg on day E7-9.The rats were sacrificed by caesarean on day 15 (E15),day 18 (El8) and day 21 (E21).The expression of Ephb4 and Efnb2 in fetal lung was detected by Q-PCR and immunohistochemistry.Results (1) It showed significantly higher mRNA expression levels of Efnb2 at the canalicular stage,which decreased and returned to pseudoglandular level at the sacular stage.The trend of Ephb4 mRNA and Efnb2 mRNA in the two groups was basically the same.The expression of Efnb2 mRNA in EA-TEF group(50.65 ± 12.65) was significantly higher than that in control group(23.63 ± 11.31) at the canalicular stage (P < 0.05),but there was no statistical significance between the two groups at both pseudoglandular stage and sacular stage;The expression of Ephb4 mRNA in EA-TEF group (4.32 ± 2.88) was significantly higher than that in control group (1.01 ± 0.19) at the pseudoglandular stage (P < 0.05),but there was no statistical significance between the two groups at both canalicular stage and sacular stage.(2)Efnb2 and Ephb4 proteins were expressed on the surface of vascular epithelium,alveolar and bronchial epithelium at different developmental stages,and there was no statistical significance in the distribution pattern.The expression of Efnb2 (162.70 ± 10.04) and Ephb4 (152.20 ± 12.32) in EA-TEF group was enhanced at the canalicular stage,while returned to normal level at the sacular stage.Conclusion The angiogenesis factor Efnb2 and its receptor Ephb4 can regulate the branching development of fetal lung tissue,which maybe a compensatory mechanism for pulmonary dysplasia in adriamycin-induced EA-TEF model.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703243

ABSTRACT

Objective Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is characterized by low birth weight of neonates. The aim of this study was to provide a reference for the establishment of IUGR models in scientific research, by comparing the experimental data of different rat models of IUGR established by three commonly-used methods. Methods A total of 20 pregnant rats on the day 0 of gestation were divided into 4 groups, with 5 rats in each group (n=5). Among them, 3 groups of rats were treated with alcohol intervention (group A), uterine artery ligation (group U), and low protein diet (LP group), respectively, to establish rat models of IUGR, and the fourth group served as the normal control group (CON group). Fetal rats were taken through cesarean section on the 20th day of gestation. The body mass, brain mass, placental mass, two-kidney mass, body length and tail length of the fetal rats were measured, and the incidence rate of IUGR, stillbirth rate and their brain to placenta ratio were calculated. The fetal rats in each group were continuously raised and the body mass, perirenal fat pad mass and some organ masses were determined at the 3rd, 6th and 12th weeks. Results The average body mass of the fetal rats in the groups A, U and LP group was significantly lower than that of the normal control group (P< 0. 05), and the incidence rate of IUGR of the fetal rats was significantly higher than that of the normal control group (P< 0. 05). In addition, the stillbirth rate of pregnant rats in the group U was significantly higher than those of the group A and LP group (P < 0. 05). After raising the rats for 3 weeks, the average body mass of rats in the three experimental groups was significantly lower than that of the normal control group (P < 0. 05), and after raising for 6 weeks, the average body mass in the three experimental groups was still lower than that of the normal control group, but with a non-significant difference (P> 0. 05). However, after raising for 12 weeks, the average body mass of the rats in the group A and LP group was significantly higher than that of the normal control group (P < 0. 05). Conclusions Rat models of IUGR can be successfully established either by alcohol intervention, uterine artery ligation or low protein diet. The IUGR model established by low protein diet has the advantages of a higher incidence rate of IUGR and lower stillbirth rate, being more suitable for animal model research. As regards the catch-up growth, the average body mass of the rats during the postpartum period and lactation period after delivered by cesarean section in the group A and LP group is lower than that of the normal control group, but after lactation the rats grow faster than those in the normal control group, indicating the existence of a catch-up growth in the group A and LP group.

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 390-395, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616322

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assay for B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia according to individualized and specific immunoglobulin gene rearrangements in leukemia cells, and to use it for the monitoring of minimal residual disease (MRD) of B-cell lymphocytic leukemia. Methods The immunoglobulin gene rearrangements of bone marrow samples from 15 cases of B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia were analyzed with a validated European BIOMED-2 system, and the individualized and specific qPCR-based quantification of leukemic immunoglobulin gene rearrangements was established. Results Unique and specific gene rearrangements of immunoglobulin light and heavy chains were identified in 14 cases and Ig-qPCR based on these gene rearrangements had a sensitivity of 10-5 and high specificity which met the international criteria in 10 patients. Leukemia MRD quantification with immunoglobulin gene rearrangement-based qPCR was similar as compared with other MRD detection methods. Conclusion Immunoglobulin gene rearrangement-based leukemia MRD quantification is feasible, sensitive, specific, precise and much valuable for clinical decision of treatments in B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615124

ABSTRACT

Anorectal malformations (ARM)comprise a broad spectrum of congenital disorders that account for 25 % of gastrointestinal malformations.Despite numerous technical advances for treatment of ARM,complications such as fecal incontinence and constipation still occur and can greatly deteriorate patients' quality of life.It is recognized that lumbosacral spinal cord anomalies in ARM has been an important factor affecting the fecal function after procedure.Researchers have found that lumbosacral myelodysplasia is the common seen complication of ARM and neural cells decreased in lumbosacral spinal cord by the study on animals and human.Due to numerous factos affecting nerve innervation on annrectus and pelvic floor muscle,this review summarizes the nervous system complications and abnormal intervention of human and rats ARMs.The developments of study on ARM complications and intervention are detailed.Then the new direction of the research about the anorectal malformation nervous system is put forward,and the new strategy of improving the prognosis of anorectal malformation surgery is explored.

9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 441-444, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500300

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and discuss four methods of calculating likelihood ratio of DNA mixture. Methods In the case with CNAS-T0757 proficiency testing in 2013, the likelihood ratios were calculated and compared among four methods, including unrestricted combinatorial method, Clayton’s method, p2 principle method, and recommendations fromISFG . Results The likelihood ratios were maximumby Clayton’s method and recommendations fromISFG , followed by result of the unrestricted combinational method. The minimu mlikelihood ratio was obtained by p2 principle. Conclusion The unrestricted combi-national method could give furthest consideration to both information preservation and appraiser protection.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451108

ABSTRACT

This paper reports the diagnosis and therapy of one case of Dipylidium caninum infection in an infant.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440894

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the clinical application value of B ultrasound-guided visual painless artificial abortion operation. Methods One hundred and twenty women intented to terminate early pregnancy were randomly divided into 2 groups: group A (observation group) with ultrasound-guided visual painless artificial abortion operation and group B (control group) with traditional artificial abortion. Results Compared with the control group,the observation group has the advantages of less bleeding,less operation time, shorter bleeding time and less complications. There were statistical significances between two groups. Conclusion B ultrasound-guided visual painless artificial abortion operation is a safe and effective method, and it is worth promoting.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 830-832, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422602

ABSTRACT

Objective To study whether prostaglandin E1 (LipoPGE1) could prevent contrast medium-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) plus diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM).Methods Total 198 CHD patients with DM received coronary angiography (CAG) or PCI were randomly divided into PGE1 group and control group.All patients received routine treatment,and the PGE1 group also received 20 ml normal saline and 20 μg PGE1 (intravenous injection,1 time/d) for 10 days.The rate of CIN and the level of serum urea nitrogen (BUN),creatinine (Scr),cystatin C (Cys C) were measured before and 48 hours and 5 days after contrastmedium administration.Results The level of Scr,BUN and Cys C were lower in PGE1 group [(113.92±54.89)μmmol/ L,(7.85±4.05)mmol/L,(1.38±0.34)mg/L]for 48 hours and[(86.72±35.26)μmmol/L,(6.61 ± 3.09 ) mmol/L,( 1.29 ± 0.29) mg/L]for 5 days than in control group [(129.22±50.18)μmmol/L,(9.26±3.95)mmol/L,(1.56±0.23)mg/L]for 48 hours and[(109.83+31.76)μmmol/ L,(8.07±3.11)mmol/L,(1.37±0.21)mg/L]for 5 days (all P<0.05).The dose of contrast-medium was positively correlated with the level of Scr and BUN (r=0.74,P<0.05 and r =0.82,P<0.01,respectively).The patients' renal function in the PGE1 group was better than in control group after contrast-medium administration (P <0.05).BUN and Scr were positively correlated with the volume of contrast-medium (r=0.74,P<0.05,r=0.82,P<0.01).Conclusions PGE1 may prevent contrast medium-induced nephropathy in patients with CHD combined with DM.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 635-637, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387975

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of Lipo-prostaglandin E1 (LipoPGE1) in the treatment of non-ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (NSTEAMI).Methods A total of 86 patients with NSTEAMI were randomly and equally divided into LipoPGE1 group (n= 43) which received intravenous LipoPGE1 combined with low-molecular-weight heparin,aspirin, clopidogrel and other basic therapy, and the control group (n=43) which received placebo combined with the same therapy. The basic clinical settings, curative effect, main adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) within 30 days including sudden death, new-onset myocardial infarction and target vessel revascularization, bleeding complications and drug adverse effects were observed. Results There were no significant differences in basic clinical characteristics between the two groups. Compared with control group, the patients in LipoPGE1 group showed. significant improvements of ECG (93.0% vs. 74.4%), angina (95.3% vs. 81.4%, both P<0. 05), the incidences of left heart failure (2.3% vs. 14.0%) and MACEs within 30 days (4.7% vs.18.6%)(both P<0.05). There were no serious drug adverse effects. Conclusions The LipoPGE1 combined with heparin, aspirin and clopidogrel is effective and safe in the treatment of NSTEAMI,which could improve the clinical symptoms, distal myocardium perfusion and cardiac function,decrease the incidence of MACEs.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386940

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of preoperative iv different doses of pantoprazole on acidity of gastric fluid in patients undergoing elective surgery. Methods Sixty ASA Ⅰ -Ⅲ patients aged 38-80 yr,weighing 44-72 kg undergoing elective surgery were randomly allocated into 3 groups (n = 20 each): group Ⅰ control (group C); group Ⅱ pantoprazole 40 mg(group P1) and group Ⅲ pantoprazole 80 mg(group P2). The patients received intravenous normal saline (NS) 100 ml, pantoprazole 40 and 80 mg in NS 100 ml respectively in group C, P1 and P2 at 30 min before surgery. Gastric content was aspirated using a gastric tube on the patients'arrival in the operating room and at 1,2 h and the end of surgery. The pH of the gastric fluid was measured. The adverse effects including dizziness, diarrhea, PONV and incidence of stress ulcer were recorded. Results The pH was significantly increased in group P1 and P2 as compared with control group but there was no significant difference in pH between group P1 and P2 . There were no significant difference in the incidence of stress ulcer and pH of the gastric fluid≤2.5 among the 3 groups. Conclusion Preoperative intravenous pantoprazole 40 mg can effectively increase pH of gastric juice and is helpful in reducing the incidence of stress ulcer and the risk of acid aspiration.

15.
Virologica Sinica ; (6): 93-99, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407246

ABSTRACT

Since HBV DNA integration was discovered for the first time in 1980, various methods have been used to detect and study it, such as Southern Blot, in situ hybridization, polymerase chain reaction and so on. HBV DNA integration is thought to be random on the whole although some hot spots of integration were described by some researchers, one of which might be the repetitive sequences of the genomic DNA. Besides, DNA damage, especially double-strand breaks could promote HBV DNA integration into host genome. HBV DNA integration into cells may damage the stability of the genome, cause DNA rearrangement, promote DNA deletion and induce the formation of HCC.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317430

ABSTRACT

HBV polymerase has intrinsic RNA-dependent reverse transcriptase, DNA-dependent DNA polymerase as well as RNaseH activity. Analysis of HBV polymerase has been hampered for many years due to the inability to express functional enzyme in a recombinant system. To obtain active polymerase at a high level, we have taken advantage of baculovirus expression system. The gene of HBV polymerase was amplified by PCR and cloned into pFastBac Dual to construct the recombinant plasmid pFastbac Dual-pol. The recombinant donor plasmid, pFastbac Dual-pol, was constructed by inserting HBV polymerase gene into EcoRI and PstI sites controlled by polyhedrin promoter. The recombinant donor plasmid was transformed into DH10Bac competent cells for transposition. Recombinant bacmid was constructed by inserting of the mini-Tn7 element from the donor plasmid into the mini-attTn7 attachment site on the bacmid. The recombinant bacmid DNA was isolated and transfected into the Sf9 cells to produce the recombinant virus, and healthy insect Sf9 cells were infected with the recombinant virus containing HBV polymerse gene to express the target protein. HBV polymerse expressed in insect cells was analyzed by SDS-PAGE. PCR results showed recombinant donor plasmid, pFastbac Dual-pol, was constructed successfully. The recombinant hepatitis B virus polymerase was expressed in insect cells at high level. The recombinant hepatitis B virus polymerase should facilitate the analysis of HBV polymerase biological characteristics, allow the investigation for new anti-HBV drugs specifically blocking HBV polymerase.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634543

ABSTRACT

HBV polymerase has intrinsic RNA-dependent reverse transcriptase, DNA-dependent DNA polymerase as well as RNaseH activity. Analysis of HBV polymerase has been hampered for many years due to the inability to express functional enzyme in a recombinant system. To obtain active polymerase at a high level, we have taken advantage of baculovirus expression system. The gene of HBV polymerase was amplified by PCR and cloned into pFastBac Dual to construct the recombinant plasmid pFastbac Dual-pol. The recombinant donor plasmid, pFastbac Dual-pol, was constructed by inserting HBV polymerase gene into EcoRI and PstI sites controlled by polyhedrin promoter. The recombinant donor plasmid was transformed into DH10Bac competent cells for transposition. Recombinant bacmid was constructed by inserting of the mini-Tn7 element from the donor plasmid into the mini-attTn7 attachment site on the bacmid. The recombinant bacmid DNA was isolated and transfected into the Sf9 cells to produce the recombinant virus, and healthy insect Sf9 cells were infected with the recombinant virus containing HBV polymerase gene to express the target protein. HBV polymerase expressed in insect cells was analyzed by SDS-PAGE. PCR results showed recombinant donor plasmid, pFastbac Dual-pol, was constructed successfully. The recombinant hepatitis B virus polymerase was expressed in insect cells at high level. The recombinant hepatitis B virus polymerase should facilitate the analysis of HBV polymerase biological characteristics, allow the investigation for new anti-HBV drugs specifically blocking HBV polymerase.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409785

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Research has proved that nifedipine can improve the functions of vascular endothelial cells. However, it still needs further study on its mechanism on dilating vessels.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of controlled-release nifedipine to nitrogen monoxide(NO) and induced nitric oxide synthase(iNOS) in spontaneously hypertensive rats(SHR).DESIGN: Comparative observational study based on experimental animals.SETTING: Experimental animal centre in a medical college.MATERIALS: This study was completed in Experimental Animal Centre of Shandong University during April to May 2002. Twenty-one recombinant inbred rats of clean class with body mass of(300 ± 2) grams were provided by Experimental Animal Centre of Shandong University. They were randomly divided into three groups: control group, normal group and low dose group,each with 7 rats.METHODS: Saline(10 mL/kg), 10 mL/kg and 3 mL/kg controlled-release nifedipine solution(0. 3 g/L) were poured into stomach to rats in control group, normal dose group and low dose group once everyday for 15 days respectively. Eyeball was removed to collect blood and heart and lung were removed at the same time to test the content of NO and iNOS in serum after last administration.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Content of NO, comparison of iNOS activity between groups.RESULTS: There was significant difference on NO content between normal dose group and control group, low dose group after 15 days' administration ( P < 0. 01 ) . Compared with control group and low dose group, there was significant difference on the iNOS activity in heart and lung of normal dose group(P <0.01, P <0.05).CONCLUSION: While nifedipine reduces the blood pressure, it can also improve the content of NO and resist the increasing activity of iNOS casued by increased blood pressure.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322945

ABSTRACT

Summary: This experiment aimed to investigate the effect of adrenergic system in the subnucleus commissuriu of nucleus solitrius tractus (CNTS) on renal nerve discharges. Norepinephrine (NE) was microinjected into the CNTS of rabbits and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and renal nerve discharges (FRND) were synchronously recorded. The results indicated that (1) microinjection of norepinephine into the CNTS of rabbit could significantly attenuate the frequency of renal nerve discharge, and at the same time decrease markedly the mean arterial pressure. (2) Microinjection of 0.3 nmol yohimbin into CNTS had no significant influence on FRND and MAP, but could attenuate and even reverse the effects of NE on FRND and MAP. These results suggest that microinjection of NE into CNTS may activate the alpha-adrenorecptor located in CNTS and secondarily produce a depressor effect by attenuating the activity of peripheral sympathetic nervous system.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641009

ABSTRACT

This experiment aimed to investigate the effect of adrenergic system in the subnucleus commissuriu of nucleus solitrius tractus (CNTS) on renal nerve discharges. Norepinephrine (NE) was microinjected into the CNTS of rabbits and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and renal nerve discharges (FRND) were synchronously recorded. The results indicated that (1) microinjection of norepinephine into the CNTS of rabbit could significantly attenuate the frequency of renal nerve discharge, and at the same time decrease markedly the mean arterial pressure. (2) Microinjection of 0.3 nmol yohimbin into CNTS had no significant influence on FRND and MAP, but could attenuate and even reverse the effects of NE on FRND and MAP. These results suggest that microinjection of NE into CNTS may activate the alpha-adrenorecptor located in CNTS and secondarily produce a depressor effect by attenuating the activity of periphenal sympathetic nervous system.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure/drug effects , Depression, Chemical , Kidney/innervation , Microinjections , Norepinephrine/pharmacology , Solitary Nucleus/physiology , Sympathetic Nervous System/drug effects , Sympathetic Nervous System/physiopathology , Vasomotor System/physiopathology
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