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Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 40-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932560


Objective:To investigate and analyze the basic occupational situation of Chinese radiotherapists and to provide references for the development and construction of the radiation therapist team in China.Methods:Between May 7, 2021 and June 15, 2021, this survey was conducted using a self-designed questionnaire, which was distributed and collected in the form of online survey to conduct a statistical analysis of the basic situation of radiotherapists in 30 provincial-level administrative regions in China.Results:A total of 2 928 valid questionnaires were collected from 30 provincial-level administrative regions. The ratio of male to female and average age of the participants were 69∶31 and 35 years (18-65), respectively. According to the survey result, 84.7% of the participants came from Tertiary A-level hospitals. In terms of educational background, the participants with doctoral, master, undergraduate, junior-college, and technical-secondary degrees accounted for 0.2%, 6.9%, 76.6%, 14.9%, and 1.4%, respectively. In terms of title, full senior technologists, associate senior technologist, technologist-in-charge, technologist, and technician in the participants accounted for 0.5%, 5.8%, 32.5%, 52.2%, and 8.2%, respectively. The participants with years of employment of 0-, 5-, 10-, 20-y accounted for 33.74%, 25.79%, 25.51%, and 14.96%, respectively. The majors of the participants included medical imaging/imaging technology (45.9%), clinical medicine (19.1%), and biomedical engineering (11.9%).Conclusions:Chinese radiotherapists tend to be younger and are rapidly increasing in number. Employers should attach importance to the career planningand continuing education of radiotherapists to improve their technical skills, in order to fully satisfy the demand for radiotherapists in the new era.

Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 599-604, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956882


Objective:To investigate the manpower allocation and scientific research level of radiotherapists in radiotherapy units in mainland China, aiming to provide reference for the construction of radiotherapist teams.Methods:The questionnaire was designed and produced by the organizer, released in the professional committee, professional group and other channels of the radiotherapist industry, and filled out by the technical person in charge of the radiotherapy unit through the online questionnaire survey. The collection time started from mid-May 2021 to mid-June 2021.Results:A total of 558 effective questionnaires filled out by radiotherapy units. The radiotherapy institutions participating in the survey had a total of 5500 radiotherapists, including 3702 males and 1798 females, 3754 with a bachelor's degree, 371 who are currently studying or have obtained a master's degree, 21 who are currently studying or have already obtained a doctoral degree, 3642 with junior or lower titles, 1580 with intermediate titles, and 278 with senior titles. In 2020, radiotherapists from 193 units published articles, those from 81 units received project funding, and those from 56 units obtained patent authorization, and those from 15 units had scientific research transformation. The participating units had a total of 1080 large-scale radiation therapy equipment. In 2020, the daily average number of radiotherapy patients was 47 900, the average daily load of accelerator patients was 44.35, and the average workload index per capita was 8.71. The average daily radiotherapy patients in county-level or below, city-level, and provincial-level institutions were 25.78, 65.68, and 173.76, respectively, and the per capita workload index was 5.22, 8.09, and 10.11.Conclusions:Compared with the 2019 survey, the educational background of radiotherapists in mainland China has been improved, and the title structure has been optimized to a certain extent, and the workload of large-scale radiotherapy units is larger than that of grass-roots units.

Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 59-61, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490358


Objective To study the impact of respiratory frequency and amplitude of patients with the thoracic or abdomen tumor on 4DCT' s reconstructed image.Methods 75 thoracic or abdomen tumor patients who performed a scanning with belly belt-type respiratory gating on 4DCT between November 2012 to March 2013 in our hospital were retrieved.Reviewed their respiratory frequency,amplitude and fault distance of 4DCT' s reconstructed image and analyzed the correlation fault distance of the reconstructed image.The correlation analysis was used by bivariate Spearman method.Results Among these reconstructed images,fault distance more than 6 mm could be seen in 11 cases,fault distance ranging from 3 mm to 6 mm could be found in 46 cases,and distance less than 3 mm could be detected in 18 case.Respiratory frequency correlated significantly with the amplitude (rs =0.369,P =0.000);the respiratory rate had a tight association with the fault distance of the reconstructed image (r,=0.273,P=0.018);and respiratory amplitude was associated obviously with the fault distance of the reconstructed image (r,=0.696,P=0.000).Conclusions Both 4DCT reconstructed image and respiratory amplitude are significantly correlated to the continuity of the respiratory frequency.The smaller the respiratory frequence and amplitude change are,the better continuity will be.

Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 366-369, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435912


Objective To investigate the clinical risk factors ot endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) for early colorectal cancer.Methods The clinical data of 140 patients with early colorectal cancer who received EMR at the Changzheng Hospital of Second Military Medical University from January 2005 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.EMR was applied for patients with early colorectal cancer with diameter lesser than 20 mm (protrusive lesions) or 5 mm (depressed lesions).If the diameter of the early colorectal cancer was above 3 cm and can not be resected at one time,endoscopic piecemeal mucosal resection was adopted.Clinicopathological factors including gender,age,tumor location,number,diameter,shape,resection type,depth of tumor invasion,tissue differentiation,lymphatic or vascular invasion,excision degree and curability were retrospectively analyzed.All the patients were divided into the complete cure group and the incomplete cure group.Univariate and multivariate analysis were done using the chi-square test and Logistic regression model,respectively.Results Of the 143 lesions,en-bloc resection was done in 125 lesions,and piecemeal resection in 18 lesions.There were 90 intramucosal carcinomas and 53 submucosal carcinomas.The numbers of high,moderate and low differentiated colorectal cancer were 96,37 and 10.Lymphatic or vascular invasion was found in 8 lesions.The numbers of R0,R1,R2 and Rx resection were 118,15,8 and 2.Two patients with Rx resection were excluded from this study.There were 98 patients (101 lesions) in the complete cure group,and 40 patients (40 lesions) in the incomplete cure group.The results of univariate analysis showed that tumor location,shape and resection type were the risk factors influencing the efficacy of EMR for early colorectal cancer (x2=7.523,16.280,4.156,P <0.05).The results of multivariate analysis showed that tumor located at the proximal colon,superficial protrusive and depressed type and piecemeal resection were the independently risk factors influencing the efficacy of EMR (OR =7.219,6.115,5.211,P <0.05).Conclusions EMR is not easy to achieve complete cure for early colorectal cancer with superficial protrusive and depressed type or located at the proximal colon.Endoscopic piecemeal mucosal resection should try to avoid.

Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545136


[Objective]To analyze reason of congenital infantile coxa vara to be misdiagnosed as infantile dislocation of hip joint.[Method]There were 6 patients(6 hip join)congenital infantile coxa vara being misdiagnosed as infantile dislocation of hip join in 54 patients(73 hip join)and treated by expectant treatment as infantile dislocation of hip join.The curative effect of 6 patients were not good,after serious medical examination,careful reading image data,paying attention to curative effect,6 patients were confirmed to be diagnosed as infantile dislocation of hip join and not infantile dislocation of hip join.[Result]The features for diagaosis of congenital infantile coxa vara were:the big greater trochanter of femur and its position moving up,short spacious neck of femur,spacious medial blank in hip joint,superposed neck of femur and lesser trochanter of femur,praeter propter exponent of acetabulum,acceptable succession of Shenton’s line,enlarged angle of femoral head epiphysis,late center of ossification,incorporated abnormity such as breves femoral bone,bowing of femoral bone,abortive clavicle and bones of cranium,equines.[Conclusion]The second center of ossification of femoral head is appeared 6~9 monthes after birth,and it is difficult to discriminate congenital infantile coxa vara and infantile dislocation of hip join before this.Early to realize symptom,physical sign and character of image of congenital infantile coxa vara is significant for correct diagnosis and can avoid misdiagnosis and mistreatment.

Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-537297


Objective To study the status and risk factors for falling down in elderly people in rural areas, and to provide evidences for preventions. Methods A total of 1 003 farmers aged 60 years old and over were surveyed to study the falls occurred during the previous 12 months before March 2001 in the elderly in a town of Laizhou City by cluster sampling method. Results The average incidence of falling down was 22.6%, 15.9% for men and 28.4% for women, respectively. The risk factors of falls included gender, age, single-living, falling history in the previous year, at least combined two kinds of chronic diseases, manifesting at least two symptoms, gait abnormalities, as well as complaining poor physical status and poorer general conditions than the previous year. Less social actions was negatively associated with the falls. Conclusions The falling in the elderly walkers results from an outcome of combination of multifactors. Since the complex pathogenesis, it should be prevented by a combination of several methods.