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Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 840-843, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912978


Objective:To investigate the expression of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in rectal cancer tissues and the correlation of PD-L1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival of patients.Methods:The clinical data of 200 newly treated rectal cancer patients in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from January 2014 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The expression of PD-L1 in rectal cancer tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry. The correlations of PD-L1 expression with gender, age, tumor T stage, lymph node metastasis, tumor differentiation, histological type, tumor TNM stage, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and overall survival of patients were analyzed.Results:The positive expression rate of PD-L1 was 24% (48/200). The positive expression rate of PD-L1 was high in patients with lymph node metastasis and high NLR (≥ 3.5) (both P < 0.05). The 5-year overall survival rate in PD-L1-positive group was 42%, and the PD-L1-negative group was 59%, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P < 0.05). The results of multivariate analysis showed that lymph node metastasis ( HR = 3.456, 95% CI 2.148-5.556, P < 0.01), NLR ≥ 3.5 ( HR = 1.871, 95% CI 1.169-2.996, P = 0.009), and PD-L1-positive expression ( HR = 2.187, 95% CI 1.373-3.484, P = 0.001) were independent adverse influencing factors for the overall survival of rectal cancer patients. Conclusion:PD-L1 is highly expressed in rectal cancer tissues, and the positive expression of PD-L1 is associated with poor overall survival of patients.

Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 448-451,454, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598449


Objective To analyze imageology appearance and clinical characteristics of the cystic and solid breast carcinoma.Methods Features of MRI and B-type ultrasonic inspection of 26 patients with the cystic and solid breast carcinoma pathologically confirmed (15 patients with mucinous carcinoma,6 patients with intracystic papillary carcinoma,5 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the breast) were retrospectively reviewed.Results In terms of clinical appearance,the incidence of the squamous cell breast carcinoma with an average age of 70.1 years old was larger than in youth,while mucinous carcinoma with an average age of 67.7 years old and intracystic carcinoma of breast with an average age of 55.1 years old were contrary.The squamous cell breast carcinoma developed more quickly than mucinous carcinoma and intracystic carcinoma of breast.The squamous cell breast carcinoma often occurred around mammilla (4/5),while the mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma often occurred upper outer quadrant of breast,which was similar with other breast cancer.The average size of 49.6 mm in the squamous cell breast carcinoma was largest than the average size of 25.1 mm in mucinous carcinoma and the average size of 35.2 mm in intracystic papillary carcinoma.The malignant degree of squamous cell breast carcinoma was higher than mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma,which intended to occur lymph node metastasis and skin infiltration.The diagnosis probability of mucinous carcinoma was smaller than intracystic papillary carcinoma through preoperative puncture,while squamous cell breast carcinoma was larger.On the MRI imageology appearance,both types of breast cancer had the same shape of rotundity or lobulated.The tumors were low signal on T1WI and partially high signal on T2WI,which were circular enhancement after enhancement.However,the edge of mucinous carcinoma and squamous cell breast carcinoma was rougher than intracystic papillary carcinoma compared with squamous cell breast carcinoma.The bursa wall of mucinous carcinoma was more uniformity,while papillary soft tissue image can be found in intracystic papillary carcinoma,which was enhanced significantly after enhancement.In terms of ultrasonic sound (US),there were low echo signal and high echo signal on the back of tumor compared with other breast tumor.There were shadow beside mucinous carcinoma.Squamous cell breast carcinoma was rich in blood supply,while mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma were opposite.Conclusion Histological type of cystic and solid breast carcinoma is complex,but the appearances of MRI and US have some characteristics.Histological type and the range of disease could be guessed through the combination of preoperative puncture and clinical appearance,which plays an important role in operation mode and treatment guidance.

Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 202-205, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472308


Objective To investigate the significance and expression of PTEN, MLL in T lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukaemia(T-LBL/ALL). Methods Seventy-six cases of T-LBL/ALL were studied by using immunohistochemical EnVision method for PTEN. Fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) for MLL gene (located on chromosome 11q23) was performed to detect its breakage and amplification. Results Among the 76 cases ofT- LBL/ALL, the positive rate of PTEN was 64.47 % (49/76), lower than that in reactivated lymphoid tissue (100 %, 20/20) (λ2= 19.220, P <0.05). PTEN expression was reversely correlated to theclinical stage, Ki-67 index and LDH level (P <0.05). Among the 76 cases, MLL gene with breakage of 11q23 was detected in 13 cases (17.11%), and amplification in 18 cases (23.68 %). Survival rate ot MLL gene breakage group was lower than that of non-breakage group (25.0 %, 43.6 %). Survival rate of MLL gene amplification group was lower than that of non-amplification group too (17.1%, 42.7 %). Both of breakage and amplification were related to prognosis ( λ 2 = 11.357, λ 2 = 4.533; P <0.05). Conclusion Anti-oncogene PTEN down-regulation may play an important role on the development and proceeding of T-LBL/ALL. MLL gene with breakage and amplification of 11q23 are helpful to predict prognosis of T-LBL/ALL. The case with MLL gene breakage and amplification of T-LBL/ALL may have a poor prognosis. It hints this group maybe a subtype of T-LBL/ALL.