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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954968

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the perioperative clinical characteristics of patients with oral cancer underwent radical resection and flap reconstrution and the nursing managements.Methods:From January 2020 to December 2020, 658 patients with oral cancer underwent radical resection and flap reconstrution in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into the elderly group (≥60 years) and the younger group (< 60 years), including 279 cases in the elderly group and 379 cases in the younger group. The perioperative clinical data of the patients were collected, and the perioperative general situation, postoperative complications and influencing factors of complications were analyzed.Results:There were differences between the two groups in the aspects of sex ( χ2 = 12.38, P<0.001), preoperative BMI ( t = 2.43, P = 0.015), smoking history ( χ2 = 18.34, P<0.001), preoperative anesthesia grade ( χ2 = 25.61, P = 0.001), preoperative coexisting disease ( χ2 = 46.97, P<0.001), whether oral floor or tongue cancer ( χ2 = 16.68, P<0.001), whether free flap ( χ2 = 6.81, P = 0.003), operation time ( t = 2.19, P = 0.029), preoperative test index hemoglobin ( t = 4.96, P<0.001), albumin ( t = 5.44, P<0.001), D-dimer( Z = -13.52, P<0.001), calcium levels ( t = 4.07, P<0.001) and postoperative complications ( χ2 = 14.55, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis of postoperative complications showed that the age ( OR = 1.021, 95% CI = 1.005-1.037, P = 0.011), preoperative D-dimer ( OR = 1.219, 95% CI = 1.026-1.447, P = 0.024) and the preoperative coexisting disease ( OR = 1.642, 95% CI = 1.108-2.432, P = 0.013) were the risk factors for the postoperative complications. Multivariate analysis of discharge with tube showed that the age ( OR = 1.017, 95% CI = 1.003-1.031, P = 0.017), preoperative BMI ( OR = 0.917, 95% CI = 0.873-0.963, P = 0.001), whether oral floor or tongue cancer ( OR = 2.135, 95% CI = 1.475-3.091, P<0.001), and operation time ( OR = 1.220, 95% CI = 1.120-1.328, P<0.001) were the related factors for the discharge with tube. Conclusion:In view of the above risk factors, it is beneficial for the physical and mental recovery of patients to pay attention to preoperative evaluation, make adequate preoperative preparation, postoperative nursing and observation, improve swallowing function training, prepare for discharge, pay attention to continuous nursing, and establish a tertiary hospital-community-family rehabilitation system.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930536

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare myeloid tumor disease, which is characterized by CD1a + CD 207+ dendritic cell proliferation.The clinical manifestations of LCH vary greatly due to the different locations and different involved organs.Among them, neurodegenerative disease (ND) is one of the manifestations of central nervous system involvement in LCH.The pathogenesis of LCH-ND is unclear and it is mainly characterized by neurological disorders and progressive imaging changes.Due to its unclear etiologies and long progress of LCH-ND, the treatment of LCH-ND remains very challenging.Presently, the main modalities of treatment include intravenous immunoglobulin, chemotherapy and targeted therapy.Early treatment and timely intervention may be the key to halt the progression of LCH-ND, to stabilize the central nervous system function and to improve the quality of life.The pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and clinical evaluation of LCH-ND are briefly reviewed.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1824-1836, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927820

ABSTRACT

In order to construct a recombinant replication deficient human type 5 adenovirus (Ad5) expressing a foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) capsid protein, specific primers for P12A and 3B3C genes of FMDV-OZK93 were synthesized. The P12A and 3B3C genes were then amplified and connected by fusion PCR, and a recombinant shuttle plasmid pDC316-mCMV-EGFP-P12A3B3C expressing the FMDV-OZK93 capsid protein precursor P12A and 3B3C protease were obtained by inserting the P12A3B3C gene into the pDC316-mCMV-EGFP plasmid. The recombinant adenovirus rAdv-P12A3B3C-OZK93 was subsequently packaged, characterized and amplified using AdMaxTM adenovirus packaging system, and the expression was verified by infecting human embryonic kidney cell HEK-293. The humoral and cellular immunity levels of well-expressed and purified recombinant adenovirus immunized mice were evaluated. The results showed that rAdv-P12A3B3C-OZK93 could be stably passaged and the maximum virus titer reached 1×109.1 TCID50/mL. Western blotting and indirect immunofluorescence showed that rAdv-P12A3B3C-OZK93 expressed the FMDV-specific proteins P12A and VP1 in HEK-293 cells. In addition, the PK cell infection experiment confirmed that rAdv-P12A3B3C-OZK93 could infect porcine cells, which is essential for vaccination in pigs. Comparing with the inactivated vaccine group, the recombinant adenovirus could induce higher FMDV-specific IgG antibodies, γ-IFN and IL-10. This indicates that the recombinant adenovirus has good immunity for animal, which is very important for the subsequent development of foot-and-mouth disease vaccine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Adenoviridae/genetics , Adenoviruses, Human/genetics , Antibodies, Viral , Capsid/metabolism , Capsid Proteins , Foot-and-Mouth Disease/prevention & control , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus/genetics , HEK293 Cells , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Serogroup , Swine , Viral Proteins , Viral Vaccines/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the pathogenicity and further explore the association between genotype and clinical phenotype of this variant, analyzing a novel variation of SPAST gene in hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) family from Changzhi city, Shanxi Province.Methods:A family with HSP was tracked and collected in Neurology Department of Heping Hospital Affiliated to Changzhi Medical College in October 2019. Peripheral venous blood of 2 ml was extracted from the proband and 8 other members of the family, genomic DNA was extracted from the blood samples, and the genes of spastic paraplegia were screened by next-generation sequencing (NGS). HGMD, 1000G, OMIM databases and PolyPhen2, SIFT and other software were used for bioinformatics analysis of suspected mutations. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to further screen for total deletions/duplications in patients who remained negative after targeting NGS, and Sanger sequencing was performed to verify the suspected pathogenic mutation sites in the family to determine co-isolation of the mutation sites in the family members. Finally, it is necessary to refer to the latest version of The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) sequence variation interpretation guidelines to interpret the mutation sites to determine pathogenicity.Results:The HSP family consist 47 members of 4 generations and 10 patients, with onset ages ranging from 2 to 44 years. The proband′s daughter only showed positive bilateral Babbitt signs on physical examination, and the rest of the patients showed spasticity and weakness of lower limbs with varying severity on this basis. Preliminary screening by next-generation sequencing technology showed that the proband had frame-shift variation of SPAST gene c.1057_1058insCC (p.Leu354HisfsTer11) and missense variation of DCTN1 gene c.2213A>G (p.Gln738Arg). Then, Sanger sequencing was used for in-family verification, which showed SPAST gene c.1057_1058insCC (p.Leu354HisfsTer11) was detected in the affected members include father, brother, son and daughter, and not detected in the unaffected normal members, the proband′s wife, mother, sister and sister-in-law. However, the unaffected of mother detected missense variation of DCTN1 gene c.2213A>G (p.Gln738Arg), while the remaining members did not detect this variation. The results of MLPA showed that no large fragment variation was found.Conclusions:The genetic pattern of the HSP family was autosomal dominant, and the clinical characteristics were consistent with hereditary spastic paraplegia type 4 (SPG4). Co-segregation of SPAST gene c.1057_1058insCC (p.Leu354HisfsTer11) was found in the HSP family and was the pathogenicity cause of this SPG4 family, and it was a newly discovered mutation locus.

5.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 460-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To learn about the iodine nutritional status and thyroid function of pregnant women in the areas of oral lipiodol pills in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang).Methods:In October 2019, using the probability proportionate to size sampling (PPS sampling) method, Aksu Prefecture (Aksu) of Xinjiang was divided into 5 sampling areas according to the directions of east, west, south, north and middle. One county was selected from each area, one township was selected from each county according to the directions of east, west, south, north and middle, and 20 pregnant women were selected from each township. The general demographic data of pregnant women were collected by questionnaires, and 24-hour urine samples, household salt samples and drinking water samples were collected for iodine detection, and serum samples were collected for thyroid function index detection.Results:A total of 555 pregnant women were investigated, including 121, 234 and 200 women in the early, middle and late pregnancy, with an average age of 26 years. Among them, the median of urinary iodine of women in early, middle and late pregnancy was 209.53, 204.27 and 225.29 μg/L, respectively, which was all in the appropriate state. The median of salt iodine was 24.70, 26.00 and 26.20 mg/kg, respectively, and the median of water iodine was 4.85, 3.30 and 4.85 μg/L, respectively. There were no significant difference in urinary iodine, salt iodine and water iodine during different pregnancy ( H= 1.61, 4.38, 2.63, P > 0.05). The prevalence rate of subclinical hypothyroidism, subclinical hyperthyroidism and hyperthyroidism in pregnant women was 4.32% (24/555), 0.54% (3/555) and 0.36% (2/555), respectively; and the highest prevalence rate was in the middle pregnancy, which was 7.26% (17/234), 1.28% (3/234) and 0.85% (2/234), respectively. The positive rate of autospecific antibody in pregnant women with normal thyroid function was 13.15% (73/555). The positive rate of thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) and thyroglobulin (TgAb) was 11.35% (63/555), 8.11% (45/555), respectively. After excluding the pregnant women with positive thyroid autospecific antibody, the range ( P2.5- P97.5) of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in different pregnancy were close to or slightly higher than the recommended reference value in the "Guideline on Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Diseases During Pregnancy and Postpartum (2nd ed)". Except that the P2.5 value of free thyroxine (FT 4) in early pregnancy was lower than the reference value, the FT 4 range in other pregnancy showed the same trend as that of TSH. The results of Spearman correlation analysis showed that free triiodothyronine (FT 3) and FT 4, TPOAb and TgAb, TgAb and FT 4 were positively correlated ( r= 0.497, 0.504, 0.216, P < 0.05), and TSH and FT 3 was negatively correlated ( r = - 0.194, P < 0.05) in the early pregnancy; FT 3 and FT 4, TPOAb and TgAb were positively correlated in the middle and late pregnancy ( r = 0.188, 0.527, 0.177, 0.623, P < 0.05); TSH was negatively correlated with FT 3 in the late pregnancy ( r = - 0.165, P < 0.05); there was no correlation between urinary iodine and thyroid function indexes ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:The water iodine in the outer environment of the oral lipiodol pills area Aksu in Xinjiang is low, and the iodine nutrition level of pregnant women is appropriate. Except that the P2.5 value of FT 4 in the early pregnancy is lower than the reference value, the TSH range close to or of women during each pregnancy and the FT 4 range of women in the middle and late pregnancy are slightly higher than the reference value, which still need continuous monitoring.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930345

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the infection and epidemic characteristics of the human metapneumovirus (HMPV) in Chinese patients with febrile respiratory syndrome (FRS), and to provide important baseline data for clinical diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of HMPV-induced respiratory tract diseases in China.Methods:FRS cases from January 2009 to June 2021 in 9 provinces in China, including Beijing, Hebei, Jilin, Shandong, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Anhui, Guangdong, Hunan were retrospectively analyzed for their respiratory samples, clinical and epidemic data.The respiratory samples were detected for HMPV by quantitative real-time PCR.Results:A total of 11 660 cases were tested for HMPV, involving 296 (2.54%) HMPV-positive cases.Among 296 HMPV-positive cases, 218 were single HMPV infection, and 78/296 (26.35%) were co-infected with one or more respiratory viruses.HMPV mainly affected children under 5 years of age (3.10%), and in this population, the proportion of pneumonia in HMPV co-infection cases was significantly higher than that of single HMPV infection.HMPV could be detected all year round, which was more popular in winter and spring, with the peak of HMPV epidemic in March.Conclusions:HMPV is one of the important pathogens causing acute respiratory infection in children, showing a clear seasonal epidemic.HMPV can be infected alone or in combination with other respiratory viruses, which may increase the risk of pneumonia in children.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application effect of modified butterfly needle fixation method for implantable venous access port in breast cancer patients, in order to povide reference for the clinical applicaiton.Methods:A total of 300 patients with breast cancer from Janurary to December 2019 in Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center were divided into two groups by random digits table method: experimental group and control group, 150 cases in each group. The experimental group was treated with modified implantable intravenous port butterfly needle fixation method, while the control group was treated with conventional fixation method. The Visual Analogue Scale of pain during needle extraction, the incidence of needle stick injury and the time of needle extraction were measured between the two groups.Results:The Visual Analogue Scale of pain, the time of needle pulling were (4.01±0.89) points, (2.71±0.52) min in the control group, and (1.84±0.84) points, (1.86±0.39) min in the experimental group, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were -21.70, -16.02, P<0.01). The incidence of needle stick injury was 4.00% (6/150) in the control group and no needlestick injury event occurred in the experimental group, the difference was statistically significant (Fisher exact probability, P<0.05). Conclusions:The modified method of dressing fixation can effectively reduce the pain during needle pulling, reduce the incidence of needle stick injury, and effectively shorten the time of needle pulling.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect serum levels of vitamin A (Vit A), vitamin D(Vit D)25-hydroxy vitamin D[25-(OH)D] and vitamin E(Vit E) in children aged 0-6 years in Tibetan Plateau of Garzi Prefecture, thus providing references for physical examinations and prevention of 4 key diseases (rickets, malnutrition anemia, pneumonia and diarrhea) in children in plateau areas by relevant government departments.Methods:A total of 2 122 children who participated in physical examination in 12 townships of Xiangcheng County and 14 townships of Daocheng County, Garzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province from April 2017 to April 2019 with 0-6 years old were recruited for surveying physical measurements and collection of venous blood.Serum Vit A and Vit E levels were detected by high performance liquid chromatography.Serum levels of 25-(OH)D were detected by high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.The relationship between Vit A, Vit E and 25-(OH)D levels with the gender, age, seasonal change and altitude was analyzed.Results:The serum Vit A level, subclinical Vit A deficiency rate and marginal vitamin A deficiency rate were(1.05±0.27) μmol/L, 8.15%(173/2 122 cases) and 45.99%(976/2 122 cases), respectively in 2 122 children with 0-6 years old.There were significant differences in the serum Vit A level, the subclinical Vit A deficiency rate and the marginal vitamin A deficiency rate in children with different ages, seasons and altitudes (all P<0.05). The serum level of 25-(OH)D and 25-(OH)D deficiency rate insufficient rate were (24.65±6.45) ng/L, 6.03%(128/2 122 cases) and 16.59%(352/2 122 cases), respectively.There were significant differences in the serum level of 25-(OH)D, 25-(OH)D deficiency rate and 25-(OH)D insufficient rate in children with different ages and seasons (all P<0.05). The mean serum Vit E level, Vit E deficiency rate and Vit E insufficient rate were (7.81±1.74) mg/L, 2.78%(59/2 122 cases) and 29.59%(628/2 122 cases), respectively.There were significant differences in serum Vit E level, Vit E deficiency rate and Vit E insufficient rate in children with different ages and seasons (all P<0.05). The mean serum levels of Vit A and Vit D remained the lowest before the age of 1 year, and their deficiencies at this age were the most significant.The mean serum level of Vit E remained the lowest in >1-2 years old, and its deficiency and insufficient at this age were the most significant.Vit A, D and E levels were significantly affected by seasonal changes, which were significantly higher in the summer than in the spring, autumn and winter.In addition, Vit A and 25-(OH)D were significantly affected by the altitude, which were the lowest above 4 km altitude. Conclusions:The overall serum levels of Vit A, 25-(OH) D and E in children with 0-6 years old in Tibetan Plateau areas of Ganzi Prefecture are lower than those in plain areas.Vit A, 25-(OH) D and Vit E levels significantly differed in the age, season and altitude, which are related to the lack of local resources, insufficient maternal nutrition during pregnancy and insufficient intake after birth, as well as temperature and light caused by changes in local seasons and altitude.Therefore, it is necessary to make reasonable supplements during pregnancy to prevent vitamin deficiency.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907817

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of overexpression of long non-coding RNA maternally expressed gene 3 (LncRNA MEG3) on autophagy, apoptosis and mammalian rapamycin target protein (mTOR) pathway in pancreatic cancer cells (PANC1) .Methods:The pCMV-N-Flag-MEG3 expression plasmid was constructed and transfected into PANC1 cells. The expression of LncRNA MEG3 in hpde6c7 (normal pancreatic cells) group, PANC1 (blank control) , Vector (PANC1 cell transfected empty vector) group and MEG3 (PANC1 cell transfected with pCMV-N-Flag-MEG3 recombinant plasmid) group was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) ; methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) , flow cytometry and monodansylcadaverin (MDC) staining were used to detect the effects of overexpression of LncRNA MEG3 on the proliferation, apoptosis and autophagy of PANC1 cells; Western blot was used to detect the effects of overexpression of LncRNA MEG3 on the expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax and Beclin-1 in PANC1 cells, and the phosphorylation levels of mTOR, ribosomal p70S6 kinase protein (SK61) and uclear initiation factor 4E binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) in mTOR pathway.Results:Compared with those in PANC1 group and Vector group, the expression level of LncRNA MEG3 (0.36±0.08 vs 0.35±0.11 vs 0.69±0.09) , proliferation inhibition rate (3.35%±0.12 vs 3.23%±0.09 vs 36.77%±0.13) , autophagy rate (29.32%±1.03 vs 26.73%±1.32 vs 57.76%±1.09) , apoptosis rate (9.85%±1.58 vs 9.73%±1.12 vs 35.89%±1.05) , expression levels of Bax (0.26±0.08 vs 0.29±0.05 vs 0.83±0.08) and Beclin 1 (0.15±0.06 vs 0.17±0.02 vs 0.61±0.03) of PANC1 cells in MEG3 group were significantly higher (all P<0.05) , and the expression level of Bcl-2 (0.79±0.12 vs 0.81±0.09 vs 0.30±0.03) and phosphorylation levels of mTOR (1.08±0.05 and 1.06±0.08 vs 0.37±0.10) , SK61 (1.12±0.06 and 1.11±0.09 vs 0.41±0.03) and 4E-BP1 (0.97±0.07 and 0.95±0.03 vs 0.39±0.05) in mTOR pathway were significantly lower (all P<0.05) . Conclusion:Overexpression of LncRNA MEG3 can inhibit the proliferation of PANC1 cells, promote apoptosis and formation of autophagic vesicles, which may be related to the blocking of mTOR pathway.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906611

ABSTRACT

Objectives Comparative analysis on epidemiological characteristics of measles in Minhang District before and after Large scale supplementary immunization activities of measles containing vaccine(MCV) in 2010. Methods Measles incidence data of MCV-SIA in 2010 and the first five years before 2010 (from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2009), the next five years (from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2015) and the second five years (from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2020) after were collected. Descriptive epidemiological method was used for comparative analysis. Results The incidence rate of measles in Minhang District, Shanghai after MCV-SIA in 2010 showed a significant downward trend, The average annual incidence (per 100 0000) in the first 5 years before 2010 was 155.96, SIA was 30.08,The next five years was 29.52, The second five years was 2.84,There was statistical difference in the annual incidence rate between the four groups.(χ2=3165.821,P2=1.646,P=0.223)The proportion of 8-month-old children under the age of MCV decreased from 15.46% in the first five years of MCV-sia to 5.88%,In the second five years after MCV-sia, the proportion of 10-14 age group increased from 7.81% to 13.83%, The susceptible population of measles before MCV-SIA was less than 8 month old and under the age of MCV initial immunization, no migrant workers with no history of immunization and adults with registered residence. Once there is a source of infection, it is easy to cause the spread of the epidemic. After MCV-SIA, foreign students in international schools and nonworking population became the focus of measles. Of the 95 cases in which measles virus genotypes were available in the next five years, 2 (2.11%) were A genotype, and 93 (97.89%)were the indigenous H1 genotype ; Of the 7 cases in which measles virus genotypes were available in the second five years,7 (100%)were the indigenous H1 genotype . Conclusions After MCV-SIA, the comprehensive measles prevention and control measures can effectively control the incidence and prevalence of measles in Minhang District. But circulation of the indigenous H1 genotype was not interrupted, the work of normalization measures to eliminate measles also needs to cooperate with many departments to strengthen the prevention and control measures of measles in foreign schools and the nonworking population.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the bacterial composition and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical isolates from bloodstream infections in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture were collected during January 2020 to December 2020 in member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS). Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted by agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute(CLSI, USA). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 10 043 bacterial strains were collected from 54 hospitals, of which 2 664 (26.5%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 7 379 (73.5%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (38.6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (18.4%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.9%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (7.5%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.9%), Enterococcus faecium (3.3%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.8%), Enterococcus faecalis (2.6%), Acinetobacter baumannii (2.4%) and Klebsiella spp (1.8%). The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus aureus were 27.6% and 74.4%, respectively. No glycopeptide- and daptomycin-resistant Staphylococci were detected. More than 95% of Staphylococcus aureus were sensitive to rifampicin and SMZco. No vancomycin-resistant Enterococci strains were detected. Extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis were 48.4%, 23.6% and 36.1%, respectively. The prevalence rates of carbapenem-resistance in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were 2.3% and 16.1%, respectively; 9.6% of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains were resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. The prevalence rate of carbapenem-resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii was 60.0%, while polymyxin and tigecycline showed good activity against Acinetobacter baumannii. The prevalence rate of carbapenem-resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 23.2%. Conclusions:The surveillance results in 2020 showed that the main pathogens of bloodstream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while Escherichia coli was the most common pathogen, and ESBL-producing strains declined while carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae kept on high level. The proportion and the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa were on the rise slowly. On the other side, the MRSA incidence got lower in China, while the overall prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci was low.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1370-1372, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931780

ABSTRACT

The clinical efficacy of polymyxins in severe infection caused by carbapenem resistant organism (CRO) has gradually been recognized, and the course of treatment is generally 2 to 4 weeks. The most common complications after intravenous injection are nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity, however, there are few reports on the efficacy and safety of the long course use of polymyxins. A patient with carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) infection after neurosurgery was admitted to the department of neurosurgical intensive care unit (NICU) of Lanzhou University Second Hospital. As the family refused the excision of brain abscess and Ommaya reservoir placement, polymyxin B was given intravenous (3.0 mg·kg -1·d -1) combined with intrathecal (5 mg once daily) injection, and high-dose sulbactam (8 g/d) was intravenously injected for anti-infection therapy. Finally, the brain abscess was absorbed and the patient was successfully cured. The total course of polymyxin B was 69 days with a cumulative dosage of 7 500 mg. There were no complications such as polymyxin-related nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity during the period, and no symptoms of respiratory inhibition or neuromuscular blockage were observed, but polymyxin-related skin pigmentation appeared about 1 month after intravenous administration of polymyxins B, which subsided after drug withdrawal. It is suggested that long course of polymyxins B is safe and effective for intracranial infection caused by CRAB.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacteria isolated from blood culture in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2018 to December 2019. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted with agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 14 778 bacterial strains were collected from 50 hospitals, of which 4 117 (27.9%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 10 661(72.1%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (37.2%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (17.0%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.7%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (8.7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.7%), Enterococcus faecium (3.4%), Acinetobacter baumannii(3.4%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.9%), Streptococci(2.8%) and Enterococcus faecalis (2.3%). The the prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus were 27.4% (394/1 438) and 70.4% (905/1 285), respectively. No glycopeptide-resistant Staphylococcus was detected. More than 95% of S. aureus were sensitive to amikacin, rifampicin and SMZco. The resistance rate of E. faecium to vancomycin was 0.4% (2/504), and no vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis was detected. The ESBLs-producing rates in no carbapenem-resistance E. coli, carbapenem sensitive K. pneumoniae and Proteus were 50.4% (2 731/5 415), 24.6% (493/2001) and 35.2% (31/88), respectively. The prevalence of carbapenem-resistance in E. coli and K. pneumoniae were 1.5% (85/5 500), 20.6% (518/2 519), respectively. 8.3% (27/325) of carbapenem-resistance K. pneumoniae was resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. The resistance rates of A. baumannii to polymyxin and tigecycline were 2.8% (14/501) and 3.4% (17/501) respectively, and that of P. aeruginosa to carbapenem were 18.9% (103/546). Conclusions:The surveillance results from 2018 to 2019 showed that the main pathogens of bloodstream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while E. coli was the most common pathogen, and ESBLs-producing strains were in majority; the MRSA incidence is getting lower in China; carbapenem-resistant E. coli keeps at a low level, while carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae is on the rise obviously.

14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 323-330, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880276

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression, influence cellular processes, and promote disease development. Variations in miRNA expression have been observed in many diseases, including hepatitis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of miR-144-3p on the invasion and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma by targeting recombinant insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1).@*METHODS@#The expression of miR-144-3p in patients with lung adenocarcinoma was queried through bioinformatics database. MirTarPathway was used to analyze the KEGG enrichment pathway of miRNA. The expression and plasmid transfection efficiency of miR-144-3p in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines were detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Transwell assay was used to detect the changes of cell invasion and migration ability in different groups. Bioinformatics determined the key genes (Hub genes) of miR-144-3p; Double luciferase target assay was used to detect the mutual binding of miR-144 and IRS1. Western blot assay was used to detect the expression of IRS1 in different cell lines and the expression of after overexpression of miR-144.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-144-3p in lung adenocarcinoma tissues was decreased, qRT-PCR results indicated that the expression of miR-144-3p in lung adenocarcinoma cell A549 was significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the overexpressed plasmid was successfully transfected (P<0.05). Overexpression of miR-144 decreased the ability of cell migration and invasion (P<0.05). The expression of IRS1 was up-regulated in lung adenocarcinoma tissues. Survival analysis showed that patients with lung adenocarcinoma with high IRS1 expression had a poor prognosis (P<0.05). Double luciferase assay results showed that miR-144 could specifically identify 3'-UTR of IRS1 and inhibit reporter enzyme expression (P<0.05). Western blot indicated that the expression of IRS1 was increased in A549 cells (P<0.05). After overexpression of miR-144, the expression level of IRS1 protein was decreased (P<0.05). Transwell experiment proved that miR-144-3p could inhibit invasion and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma cells by targeting IRS1 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-144-3p inhibits the invasion and migration of A549 cells through targeted regulation of IRS1, thus playing an anticancer role in tumors.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879579

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for the detection of fetal chromosome copy number variations (CNVs).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 18 661 pregnant women who underwent NIPT were collected. For fetuses suspected for carrying CNVs, amniotic fluid samples were collected for chromosomal karyotyping and/or chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA).@*RESULTS@#Among all samples, NIPT suggested that 58 fetuses carried trisomy 21, 18 carried trisomy 18, 19 carried trisomy 13, 1 carried trisomies 18 and 21. Eighty eight women accepted invasive prenatal diagnosis. The results of CMA in 59 cases were consistent with those of NIPT, which yielded a consistency rate of 67.05%. In addition, 37 cases of fetal CNVs were detected by NIPT, of which 19 (15 microdeletions and 4 microduplications) have accepted invasive prenatal diagnosis. In 14 cases, the results were consistency with those of NIPT, with a consistent rate of 73.68%.@*CONCLUSION@#NIPT features high sensitivity and accuracy. Invasive prenatal diagnosis should be considered for CNVs detected by NIPT, and by tracing its parental origin, it can provide guidance for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Chromosomes , DNA Copy Number Variations , Fetus , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy/genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877082

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the key epidemiological parameters, including the serial interval (SI), basic reproduction numbers (R0), and time-dependent reproduction numbers (Rt) based on the case data of COVID-19 published on the official website of Shaanxi Provincial Health Commission. Methods The method of maximum likelihood estimation was used to fit the probability distribution of SI, and three parametric models including Gamma, Weibull, and Lognormal distributions were adopted to estimate the distribution of SI. The optimal model was selected by the corrected Akaike information criterion (AICc). Based on nonlinear regression model the cumulative number of confirmed cases was fit to the growth rate r of the Richard growth model to estimate R0. The Rt was calculated based on the Bayesian framework. Results A total of 49 transmission chains were discovered from 245 local confirmed cases in Shaanxi Province. The Gamma distribution was the optimal model to fit the SI here by AICc. Using the Gamma distribution, the mean SI was estimated to be 6.3 days (95%CI:5.98 - 6.43) with a standard deviation (SD) of 3.94 days (95%CI: 3.01 - 5.03). Using the Richard growth model, the growth rate was estimated to be 0.23 (95% CI: 0.21 - 0.24) and the basic reproduction number in Shaanxi to be 3.11 (95%CI: 2.91 - 3.40). Rt showed an overall downward trend, and fell below 1 on February 10 (Rt=0.95(95%CI: 0.76-1.16)), and stabilized at around 0.35 on February 18. Conclusion The SI of COVID-19 is relatively shorter than that of MERS and SARS, while the R0 is relatively larger, and Rt is on a downward trend, which suggests COVID-19 is a highly transmissible infectious disease. The control measures including the isolation and treatment of confirmed patients, quarantine and observation of suspected cases, contact tracing, improvement of public awareness, and adoption of self-protection measures can effectively reduce the COVID-19 outbreak.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacteria isolated from blood culture in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2016 to December 2017. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted by agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) 2019. WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 8 154 bacterial strains were collected from 33 hospitals, of which 2 325 (28.5%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 5 829 (71.5%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (34.7%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (15.8%), Staphylococcus aureus (11.3%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (7.4%), Acinetobacter baumannii (4.6%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.9%), Enterococcus faecium (3.8%), Streptococci (2.9%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.7%) and Enterococcus faecalis (2.5%). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (MRCNS) accounted for 34.2%(315/922) and 77.7%(470/605), respectively. No vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus was detected. The resistance rate of Enterococcus faecium to vancomycin was 0.6%(2/312), and no vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium was detected. The ESBLs-producing rates in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus were 55.7%(1 576/2 831), 29.9%(386/1 289) and 38.5%(15/39), respectively. The incidences of carbapenem-resistance in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae were 1.2%(33/2 831), 17.5%(226/1 289), respectively. The resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to polymyxin and tigecycline were 14.8%(55/372) and 5.9%(22/372) respectively, and those of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to polymyxin and carbapenem were 1.3%(4/315) and 18.7%(59/315), respectively. Conclusion:The surveillance results from 2016 to 2017 showed that the main pathogens of blood stream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while Escherichia coli was the most common pathogen; the MRSA incidence was lower than other surveillance data in the same period in China; carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli was at a low level during this surveillance, while carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is on the rise.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828891

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of miR-204 on the invasion and metastasis of breast cancer by targeted regulation of HNRNPA2B1.@*METHODS@#The bioinformatics database was used to obtain data of the expressions of miR-204 in breast cancer patients and the survival rate of the patients. RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of miR-204 in breast cancer cell lines. The expression vector GV369-miR-204 was used to overexpress miR-204 in MDA-MB-231 cells. Transwell assay was performed to detect the effect of miR-204 on the migration and invasion ability of the breast cancer cells. The key genes (hub genes) of miR-204 were determined by bioinformatics method. A dual luciferase assay was used to analyze the targeting relationship between miR-204 and HNRNPA2B1. The expression of HNRNPA2B1 in MDA-MB-231 cells after miR-204 overexpression was detected by Western blotting, and Transwell assay was used to examine the changes in the cell invasion ability.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-204 was decreased in both breast cancer tissues, and was significantly lower in breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells than in MCF-10A cells ( < 0.05). The decreased expression of miR-204 was associated with poorer prognosis of breast cancer patients ( < 0.05). Upregulation of miR-204 in MDA-MB-231 cells significantly inhibited the invasion and migration of the cells ( < 0.05). Analysis of the data from the Starbase revealed that the expression of miR-204-5p was negatively correlated with the expression of HNRNPA2B1, and the expression of HNRNPA2B1 was increased in breast cancer patients ( < 0.05) in association with a poorer prognosis of the patients ( < 0.05). Dual luciferase assay demonstrated that miR-204 could bind to HNRNPA2B1 in a target-specific manner. Western blotting and Transwell assay showed that miR-204 significant inhibited the migration and invasion ability of breast cancer cells by targeting HNRNPA2B1 ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#miR-204 expression is decreased in breast cancer tissues and cells, and its overexpression can inhibit the invasion and metastasis of breast cancer cells by targeted regulation of HNRNPA2B1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1228-1238, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828849

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus continually lead to worldwide human infections and deaths. Currently, there is no specific viral protein-targeted therapeutics. Viral nucleocapsid protein is a potential antiviral drug target, serving multiple critical functions during the viral life cycle. However, the structural information of SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein remains unclear. Herein, we have determined the 2.7 Å crystal structure of the N-terminal RNA binding domain of SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein. Although the overall structure is similar as other reported coronavirus nucleocapsid protein N-terminal domain, the surface electrostatic potential characteristics between them are distinct. Further comparison with mild virus type HCoV-OC43 equivalent domain demonstrates a unique potential RNA binding pocket alongside the -sheet core. Complemented by binding studies, our data provide several atomic resolution features of SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein N-terminal domain, guiding the design of novel antiviral agents specific targeting to SARS-CoV-2.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1012-1014, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823166

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of maternal passive smoking during pregnancy and girls’ overweight /obesity on the age at menarche(AAM), and to provide a reference for improving healthy development of children and adolescents.@*Methods@#Based on the school entrance physical examination in 2016, a cross-section study was conducted by convenient sampling method, in a total of 2 722 students of 7th grade, from 26 middle schools in urban areas of Guangzhou. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to investigate the relationship between maternal passive smoking during pregnancy and girls’ overweight /obesity and AAM. A four-way decomposition method was used to explore the mediated effect of girls’ overweight/obesity on the relationship between maternal passive smoking during pregnancy and AAM.@*Results@#The proportion of girls who had menstruate was 90.82%(2 472/2 722). The median AAM was 12.00 years old, with an early menarche rate of 34.91%(863/2 472). Compared with girls whose mother hadn’t passive smoking during pregnancy, the risk of early AAM in girls with mother passive smoking during pregnancy≤3 days/week increased by 32%(OR=1.32, 95%CI=1.06-1.65), the risk in girls with maternal passive smoking during pregnancy>3 days/week increased by 58%(OR=1.58, 95%CI=1.21-2.07). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that, overweight or obesity girls had a 77% higher risk of early AAM than non-overweight/obesity girls(OR=1.77, 95%CI=1.36-2.31). The four-way decomposition analysis showed 79.60% of early AAM risk could be accounted by maternal passive smoking during pregnancy(P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Girls’ overweight/obesity and maternal passive smoking during pregnancy were associated with early menarche. The effect on daughters’ age at menarche is mainly in a direct effect manner of maternal passive smoking during pregnancy.

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