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2.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1634-1638, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of compound Lactobacillus acidophilus tablets combined with bismuth-containing quadruple therapy in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori-positive (Hp +) chronic non-atrophic gastritis and its effect on Lactobacillus and Escherichia coli.Methods:A total of 104 patients with Hp + chronic non-atrophic gastritis who received treatment in Affiliated Hospital of Shaoxing University from March 2019 to September 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into control and observation groups, with 52 patients in each group. The control group was treated with bismuth-containing quadruple therapy. The observation group was treated with compound Lactobacillus acidophilus tablets (2 tablets once, three times per day) based on bismuth-containing quadruple therapy. Two groups were treated for 2 successive weeks. The endoscopic grading score of gastric mucosa, improvement in pathological grading of gastric mucosa, Hp eradication rate, and Lactobacillus and Escherichia coli levels were compared between the two groups. Results:After treatment, endoscopic grading score of gastric mucosa (gastric mucosa inflammation, inflammation activity, atrophy, and intestinal metaplasia) in the observation group was (1.31 ± 0.18) points, (1.24 ± 0.18) points, (1.15 ± 0.16) points, (1.04 ± 0.15) points, respectively, which was superior to (1.73 ± 0.25) points, (1.59 ± 0.21) points, (1.44 ± 0.19) points, (1.30 ± 0.18) points in the control group ( t = 3.67, 3.80, 4.17, 4.52, all P < 0.01). Improvement in pathological grading of gastric mucosa in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [94.23% (49/52) vs. 78.85% (41/52), χ2 = 4.04, P < 0.05]. Hp eradication rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [92.31% (48/52) vs. 75.00% (39/52), χ2 = 4.50, P < 0.05]. After treatment, the amount of Lactobacillus and Escherichia coli in the observation group were (8.30 ± 0.95) copies and (8.04 ± 0.95) copies, which were significantly greater than (7.51 ± 0.93) copies and (8.30 ± 0.95) copies in the control group ( t = 4.02, 3.75, both P < 0.01). Conclusion:Compound Lactobacillus acidophilus tablets combined with bismuth-containing quadruple therapy is highly effective on Hp + chronic non-atrophic gastritis and it can effectively improve intestinal microflora.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 241-249, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940196

ABSTRACT

Mori Cortex is sweet and pungent in taste, cold in nature, and has the tropism to the lung meridian. It has the functions of purging the lung and relieving asthma and can treat oliguria and edema, being one of the commonly used herbal medicines in clinical practice. The prescriptions with Mori Cortex, such as Sangbaipi Tang, Qingjin Huatanfang, and Qingfei Huatantang, are widely used in clinical practice. The main active components in Mori Cortex are the material basis for its efficacy. Owing to the mature methods for the identification of pharmacodynamic substances in Chinese herbal medicines, the research on the chemical components of Mori Cortex has been in-depth and systematic. This article reviews the recent studies about the chemical components and pharmacological effects of Mori Cortex, as well as the treatment of respiratory diseases by the prescriptions with Mori Cortex. On this basis, the effect and mechanism of Mori Cortex and related prescriptions in the treatment of respiratory diseases are summarized. Furthermore, this article analyzes the formulation compatibility and commonly used dosages of Mori Cortex-related prescriptions in clinical practice. It provides reference for the clinical application of Mori Cortex and related prescriptions in the treatment of respiratory diseases.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 241-249, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940164

ABSTRACT

Mori Cortex is sweet and pungent in taste, cold in nature, and has the tropism to the lung meridian. It has the functions of purging the lung and relieving asthma and can treat oliguria and edema, being one of the commonly used herbal medicines in clinical practice. The prescriptions with Mori Cortex, such as Sangbaipi Tang, Qingjin Huatanfang, and Qingfei Huatantang, are widely used in clinical practice. The main active components in Mori Cortex are the material basis for its efficacy. Owing to the mature methods for the identification of pharmacodynamic substances in Chinese herbal medicines, the research on the chemical components of Mori Cortex has been in-depth and systematic. This article reviews the recent studies about the chemical components and pharmacological effects of Mori Cortex, as well as the treatment of respiratory diseases by the prescriptions with Mori Cortex. On this basis, the effect and mechanism of Mori Cortex and related prescriptions in the treatment of respiratory diseases are summarized. Furthermore, this article analyzes the formulation compatibility and commonly used dosages of Mori Cortex-related prescriptions in clinical practice. It provides reference for the clinical application of Mori Cortex and related prescriptions in the treatment of respiratory diseases.

5.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 68-72, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823135

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the treatment outcomes of multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases in Hubei Province. Methods From October 2006 to June 2017, a retrospective cohort analysis of treatment outcomes for 1 447 patients with MDR-TB who were included in treatment was performed. Excel worksheet was created to establish database by monthly and quarterly reports. The statistical analysis of data was conducted using SPSS 21.0 software. Results Among 1 447 MDR-TB patients, 1 076 were males and 371 were females, with an average age of 44.44±14.28 years. 798 patients were cured, 63 patients completed the course of treatment, and the overall treatment success rate was 59.50% (861/1 447). The treatment success rate was68.02% (268/394) in newly diagnosed cases, and 56.32% (593/1 053) in relapse cases. There was a significance difference between the two groups (χ2=16.30,P2=26.65,P2=1.34,P=0.25). Conclusion It is extremely important to screen drug-resistant individuals for smear-positive patients, and to detect and treat drug-resistant patients timely. The negative conversion of sputum bacteria at the end of 6th month had important predictive significance for the treatment outcomes of MDR-TB patients. The patients with continued positive sputum at the end of 6th month should be closely monitored to adjust treatment according to the progress of the patient's condition and to explore a way to shorten the treatment course.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 147-150, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872227

ABSTRACT

At present, discipline construction has gradually become the core theme of the development of clinical pharmacy in hospitals. As a key construction project unit of clinical pharmacy in Shanghai, from August 2017 to October 2019, the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University continued to promote the clinical pharmacy from four aspects: improving the practical ability of clinical pharmacists, building the information and automatic clinical pharmaceutical service mode, establishing the talent training echelon and promotion system, and strengthening the capacity of clinical transformation research and construction.

7.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 278-281, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804852

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical effect of the combination of distal subcutaneous buried suture, to reduce local tension, and electron irradiation for the treatment of keloid.@*Methods@#From May 2014 to July 2016, nine female patients with recurrent keloid in torso were treated by above method. After eligibility was confirmed, surgery was performed to completely excise the keloid. An extensive subcutaneous segregation was made around the incision. The 4-0 PDS Ⅱ sutures were buried in the subcutaneous layer, 1.5 cm from the edges of incision, 1 cm apart from each other, and were knotted from both ends of the incision to the center. The normal skin on both sides of the incision were pulled toward the center, and completely relaxed without tension. An interrupted subcutaneous suture was made with a 4-0 Coated VICRYL absorbable suture, and a continuous intradermic suture was made using a 5-0 Coated VICRYL absorbable suture. Superficial electron irradiation was implemented 10-22 h postoperatively. The dose of radiation was 4 Gy each time, with the frequency of 4-5 times in 4-7 days, once a day, and the total dose was up to 16-20 Gy.@*Results@#The average follow-up was 15 months (12-18 months). Based on the three-stage classification system formulated by Dr. Cai, an asymptomatic flat and soft scar without recurrence up to 12 months was classified as cured (excellent). All the patients in this series met the criterion of cure.@*Conclusions@#The distal subcutaneous buried suture technique, pulling bilateral normal skin toward the center with a PDS Ⅱ suture, could completely relax the skin around the incision, and maintain a prolonged tension-free state, combination therapy of electron irradiation and surgery may reduce the inflammation during the healing process, and result in a dramatic inhibition of the recurrent of keloids after surgery.

8.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 197-201, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804798

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the occupation stress and job burnout of orphan child care workers in Nanjing and nursing staff in Yangzhong primary hospital, to compare the differences of occupational stress and job burnout between the two social service workers.@*Methods@#From February to May 2017, a cross- sectional survey was conducted. Cluster sampling method was used to investigate the occupation stress and job burnout of orphan child care workers in Nanjing and nursing staff in Yangzhong primary hospital, totally 403 people, by a combination of the Internet of things assessment system of occupational stress and traditional questionnaire.@*Results@#There were statistically significant differences of occupational stress and job burnout scores of both social service workers (P<0.05). Orphan child care workers in job control, technology utilization, job routinization, work risk, role ambiguity and participation decision-making, anxiety state, body complain, life attitude, behavior characteristics, ambition, anxiety trait, social support, logic, family-work relationship and depersonalization were higher than those of Yangzhong primary nurses (P<0.05); Primary nurses in Yangzhong in quantitative load and change, workload, role conflict, job prospects, promotion, depressive symptom, daily stress, self-esteem, task strategy, time management, work input, and personal accomplishment reduction scored higher than those of Orphan child care workers (P<0.05). The logistic regression analysis of the occupational depletion positive rate of the two social service personnel showed that the protective factors of the nursing staff of the orphans and disabled children had behavioral characteristics and family support(OR=0.877, P=0.044; OR=0.691, P=0.001) . The contributing factors of the primary nursing staff in Yangzhong were task control, workload, work psychological control source (OR=1.110, P=0.019; OR=1.128, P<0.001;OR=1.066, P=0.032) . The protection factors were technical utilization, opportunities for improvement, and mental health (OR=0.775, P=0.005; OR=0.765, P=0.006; OR=0.914, P=0.002) .@*Conclusion@#The work content, the service object and the nature of the unit of primary caregivers influence the state of occupational stress and job burnout. The influencing factors of occupational stress and job burnout are not identical, Different social service personnel show occupational stress and occupational exhaustion in different aspects, and it is necessary to propose mitigation measures for two kinds of social service personnel.

9.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2087-2092, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802893

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the fatigue status and influencing factors of nurses, and to evaluate whether trait coping styles mediate the relationship between occupational stress and fatigue.@*Methods@#A total of 167 nurses in Shaoxing Municipal Hospital were selected by cluster random sampling in April, 2018.Their fatigue status was assessed by Chinese version of multidimensional fatigue scale, occupational stress was assessed by occupational stress inventory revised edition, and trait coping style was assessed by trait coping style questionnaire.The data were analyzed by SPSS22.0.@*Results@#A total of 164 valid questionnaires were obtained, the physical fatigue score was (22.9±9.3)points, the decreased activity score was (6.7±2.7)points, the decreased motivation score was (6.6±2.6)points, the mental fatigue score was (9.0±4.0)points, the total fatigue score was (47.3±13.5)points.The total fatigue scores of nurses with different ages(F=2.520, P=0.043), nursing years(F=3.388, P=0.020), educational background(t=-2.571, P=0.011), professional title(F=3.743, P=0.026), departments(F=4.412, P=0.001) and night shift frequency(F=3.412, P=0.019) were significantly different.The total fatigue scores were positively correlated with negative coping(r=0.274, P=0.009), occupational tasks(r=0.351, P=0.007) and stress response(r=0.348, P=0.004) respectively.Negative coping styles partially mediated the relationship between occupational stress and fatigue.The total effect of occupational stress on fatigue was 0.066, the ratio of negative coping to total effect was 49.62%.@*Conclusion@#There are many factors influencing nurses' fatigue, and negative coping styles play a mediating role between occupational stress and fatigue.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 842-845, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796487

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the intention of pediatricians turnover in Shenzhen and its influencing factors.@*Methods@#From September to December 2016, a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 948 pediatricians from Shenzhen to conduct a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire cover the following: 1. Basic information: general demographic characteristics(gender, age, marriage, education, etc.); 2. Work status survey: turnover intention, experiences with violence against medical workers, professional job satisfaction, and work stress, etc. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were used to identify factors for pediatrician′s turnover intention.@*Results@#Among the 948 pediatricians in Shenzhen, 62.5% had turnover intention; age, title, education, seniority, monthly income, medical institution nature, medical institution level, length of sleep, job satisfaction, work stress, experience with violence and family support all affect the pediatrician′s turnover intention(P<0.05); multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, education, monthly income, job satisfaction, work stress and experience with violence were the influencing factors of pediatrician′s turnover intention(P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The pediatrician′s turnover intention in Shenzhen is not low. Relevant measures should be taken by the government, hospital administrators, children patients and their family to ensure the supply of children′s medical services.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 842-845, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792225

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the intention of pediatricians turnover in Shenzhen and its influencing factors.Methods From September to December 2016,a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 948 pediatricians from Shenzhen to conduct a questionnaire survey.The questionnaire cover the following:1.Basic information:general demographic characteristics (gender,age,marriage,education,etc.);2.Work status survey:turnover intention,experiences with violence against medical workers,professional job satisfaction,and work stress,etc.Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were used to identify factors for pediatrician's turnover intention.Results Among the 948 pediatricians in Shenzhen,62.5% had turnover intention;age,title,education,seniority,monthly income,medical institution nature,medical institution level,length of sleep,job satisfaction,work stress,experience with violence and family support all affect the pediatrician's turnover intention (P < 0.05);multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age,education,monthly income,job satisfaction,work stress and experience with violence were the influencing factors of pediatrician's turnover intention (P < 0.05).Conclusions The pediatrician's turnover intention in Shenzhen is not low.Relevant measures should be taken by the government,hospital administrators,children patients and their family to ensure the supply of children's medical services.

12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1209-1213, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813028

ABSTRACT

To determine the relationship among the levels of D-dimer, fibrinogen (FIB), and fibrin degradation products (FDP) in acute fatal chest pain patients.
 Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the patients with aortic dissection (AD), pulmonary embolism (PE) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from May 1, 2017 to April 30, 2018. All the patients had a chest and/or back pain. Levels of D-dimer, FIB, and FDP were examined at the time of admission, and the patients were further diagnosed by computed tomography angiography (CTA) or percutaneous transluminal coronary intervention (PCI). The levels and negative rates of D-dimer, FIB, and FDP in patients with AD, PE, and AMI were compared.
 Results: A total of 234 patients were enrolled, including 95 AD, 98 AMI, and 41 PE. In the AD group, the AMI group and the PE group, the negative ratios of D-dimer were 13.68%, 70.41% and 4.88%, respectively; the negative ratios of FDP were 24.21%, 81.63% and 24.39%, respectively. There was no significant difference in negative rates of D-dimer and FDP between the AD group and the PE group (all P>0.05), but negative rates of D-dimer and FDP were significantly higher in the AMI group than those in the AD group and the PE group (all P0.05). However, there were no significant difference in the FIB levels among 3 groups (all P>0.05). The FDP level in the AMI group was significantly lower than that in the AD group or in the PE group (both P0.05).
 Conclusion: The levels of D-dimer and FDP are increased in AD and PE patients and may be as the useful biomarkers for the high-risk chest pain patients but not for AMI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chest Pain , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Fibrinogen , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Pulmonary Embolism , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 572-578, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743664

ABSTRACT

0bjective To translate and revise the Assessment of Interprofessional Team Collaboration Scale (AITCS) into Chinese, then to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of AITCS. Methods The Chinese version of AITCS was translated from the original one, back-translated and adjusted for cultural adaptation. The reliability and validity were tested among 288 nurses, 81 physicians, 25 respiratory therapists, 10 physical therapists and 3 nutritionists from a tertiary hospital in Hangzhou using convenience sampling. Results The average of scale-level content validity index was 0.98, unanimity of scale-level content validity index was 0.84 and item-level content validity index was 0.89-1.00. Exploratory factor analysis extracted three common factors,which explained 61.427% of the total variance,and each item had high factor loading quality (>0.4). The correlations coefficients between each dimension score and the total score ranged from 0.801 to 0.898 (P<0.05),and the correlations coefficients between each dimension score ranged from 0.607 to 0.698 (P<0.05). The Cronbach α of AITCS was 0.909, split-half reliability was 0.835 and test-retest reliability was 0.763. Conclusion The Chinese version of the AITCS has been proved to be reliable and valid. It is a valuable tool for evaluating interprofessional team collaboration among the health professional providers in mainland China.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 627-631, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756680

ABSTRACT

Objective To probe into the status of " Internet +maternal and children healthcare"services provided by municipal maternal and child healthcare institutions, and to analyze existing problems, provide reference for the development of " Internet+maternal and children healthcare" for MCH institutions and other medical institutions. Methods From June to August 2018, the National General Information Platform on Women and Children Health was engaged, to launch a questionnaire survey on the status of" Internet+maternal and children healthcare" application at municipal MCH institutions across the country. Results The top three handy services for the public provided by municipal MCH institutions using the" Internet+" technology for the clients were hospital information inquiry, appointment registration and medical test result queries, accounting for 49.1% , 44.2% and 35.8% respectively. The proportion of" Internet+" specific service for women and children from high to low were portable device remote monitoring ( 16.1% ), antenatal examination/physical examination of children/vaccination reminder (13.3% ), online school for pregnant women(10.2% ), follow-up management services(9.8% ) and self-service measurements such as body height, weight, and blood pressure(3.5% ).The top three services for doctors were patient test result checkup, inquiry of patients′ basic information, and inquiry of patients′treatment, accounting for 19.3% , 17.5% and 13.0% respectively.In terms of service provision of the top one service for nurses was specimen code scan(17.5% ).In terms of the 18 handy services accessible, 5 specific services for women and children, 9 services for doctors, 4 services for nurses, the proportion declined in turn from the eastern, central and western areas in the country.The top three roadblocks to be resolved right away in the " Internet+maternal and children healthcare" service, were the lack of supervision system, that of professional technical management personnel and that of standard specifications, accounting for 63.5% , 57.5% and 49.1% respectively. Conclusions The " Internet+maternal and children healthcare"in municipal MCH institutions in China stays at an initial development stage, and there is a great development difference between the eastern, central and western regions of China. Relevant measures must be taken to reduce the development gap between municipal MCH institutions among these regions, and to solve the roadblocks curbing the development of " Internet + maternal and children healthcare" in municipal MCH institutions in China.

15.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2087-2092, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753741

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the fatigue status and influencing factors of nurses,and to evaluate whether trait coping styles mediate the relationship between occupational stress and fatigue.Methods A total of 167 nurses in Shaoxing Municipal Hospital were selected by cluster random sampling in April,2018.Their fatigue status was assessed by Chinese version of multidimensional fatigue scale,occupational stress was assessed by occupational stress inventory revised edition,and trait coping style was assessed by trait coping style questionnaire.The data were analyzed by SPSS22.0.Results A total of 164 valid questionnaires were obtained,the physical fatigue score was (22.9 ± 9.3) points,the decreased activity score was (6.7 ± 2.7) points,the decreased motivation score was (6.6 ± 2.6) points,the mental fatigue score was (9.0 ± 4.0) points,the total fatigue score was (47.3 ± 13.5) points.The total fatigue scores of nurses with different ages(F =2.520,P =0.043),nursing years(F =3.388,P =0.020),educational background(t =-2.571,P =0.011),professional tide (F =3.743,P =0.026),departments (F =4.412,P =0.001) and night shift frequency (F =3.412,P =0.019) were significantly different.The total fatigue scores were positively correlated with negative coping (r =0.274,P =0.009),occupational tasks (r =0.351,P =0.007) and stress response (r =0.348,P =0.004) respectively.Negative coping styles partially mediated the relationship between occupational stress and fatigue.The total effect of occupational stress on fatigue was 0.066,the ratio of negative coping to total effect was 49.62%.Conclusion There are many factors influencing nurses'fatigue,and negative coping styles play a mediating role between occupational stress and fatigue.

16.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 908-911, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807708

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the occupation stress of orphan child care workers in Nanjing, to explore the influence of different demographic characteristics on occupational stress of orphan child care workers and propose measures.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling method was used to investigate the occupation stress of 236 people of orphan child care workers in Nanjing by a combination of the Internet of things assessment system of occupational stress and traditional questionnaire.@*Results@#The scores of workload, job prospects, participation decision-making, anxiety and logical in different age groups among orphan child care workers were statistically different (P<0.05) ; The scores of organizational loyalty in different education groups among orphan child care workers were statistically different (P<0.05) ; The scores of task control, resource control, workload, job prospects, job satisfaction, mental health, anxiety and ambition were statistically different among orphan child care workers with different job titles (P<0.05) ; The scores of role conflict, role ambiguity, job satisfaction, mental health, anxiety, self-esteem, colleague support, family support and task strategy were statistically different orphan child care workers in different classes (P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#Different demographic characteristics will have certain influence on occupational stress of orphan child care workers.

17.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 422-425, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806611

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the differences of occupational stress and its factors between petroleum refining workers and support staffs, and to propose more targeted measures to promote the health of petroleum refining and petrochemical workers.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among 353 petroleum refining workers and 189 employees in the logistics department using the occupational stress inventory revised edition (OSI-R) scale between June 13, 2017 and July 27, 2017.@*Results@#Among the occupational factors, there were significant differences in the job requirements, work risk, job monotony, participation in the decision-making scores among the male workers between labor group and logistics group (P<0.01) . And for female workers in the chemical group and logistics group there were also differences in the value of work control, job requirements, work monotonous, work prospects, improvement of opportunity (P<0.05) . In the aspect of personality traits, the score of work psychological control in chemical group was higher than that of the logistics group, while the organization loyalty score was lower than that of the logistics group. Be-sides, there were significant differences between chemical group and logistics group in the score of A behavior, self-esteem and anxiety traits among female group (P<0.05) . In terms of mitigating factors, there was a significant difference in social support score between chemical group and logistics group among female workers (P<0.01) . Comparison of the two groups of psychological stress showed that the mental health and anxiety status of the chemical group and the logistics group showed a difference (P<0.05) , and female workers in the chemical group job satisfaction score lower than the logistics group, but the body Complaints score higher than the logistics group.@*Conclusion@#The psychological stress response of petroleum refining workers is obviously more serious than the staff of logistics department, and there were significant differences between the two groups on occupational stress factors.

18.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 295-297, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806310

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between occupational stress factors and the level of thyroid function and liver function in petroleum refining and petrochemical workers. @*Methods@#A total of 353 petroleum refining workers were investigated by occupational stress indicator question-naire (OSI-R) , and their level of thyroid and liver function were measured. @*Results@#With the incre-ase of task control, decision control, environmental control, resource control and technology utilization score, the TT4 concentration level decreased (P<0.05) . The TT4 concentration level increased with the increase of the quantiontive load, load changes, job hazards, job prospects, promation opportunities and participaction decision rating (P<0.05) . The total protein concentration level decreased with the increase of task control, decision control, environmental control, resource control, quantitative load, load change, promotion opportunity and participation decision value (P<0.05) , increased with the use degree of technology, work risk, job monotonous, work prospects score rised (P<0.05) . And there were statistically significant differences in the job requirements and job control scores between the low, middle and high levels of occupational factors (P<0.05) . @*Conclusion@#Occupational stress factors of petroleum refining workers have certain influence on the level of thyroid and liver function index.

19.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 267-270, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806302

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the statistical differences of the vocational exhaustion positive rate among various occupational stress factors, occupational stress reaction, personality characteristics and relieving factors, to lay a foundation for reducing occupational stress of the medical staffs. @*Methods@#656 medical staffs in Yangzhong and Chifeng hospitals were included to conduct the evaluation of the occupational stress and job burnout, analyze the differences among the various factors by comparing them. @*Results@#Various levels of vocational exhaustion positive rate among different occupational stress factors, occupational stress reaction, personality characteristics and relieving factors show statistical difference (P<0.05) . Among occupational stress factors, the vocational exhaustion positive rate of high level groups of conflict in groups was the highest (73.4%) , among occupational stress reaction, the vocational exhaustion positive rate of high level groups of body complain was the highest (80.4%) , among personality characteristics, the vocational exhaustion positive rate of low level groups of self-esteem was the highest (74.4%) , among relieving factors, the vocational exhaustion positive rate of high level groups of family support was the highest (76.4%) . @*Conclusion@#The vocational exhaustion rate of medical staffs show very high in the profession, comprehensive factors should be considered to create harmonious working atmosphere and to reduce vocational exhaustion positive rate of the medical staffs, to reduce the positive rate of vocational exhanstion in medical staffs.

20.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 247-250, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806296

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between occupational stress factors and psychological stress reaction among petrochemical workers, detecting the effects caused by the occupational stress and putting forward solutions to reduce the occupational stress degree. @*Methods@#392 petrochemical workers in Oil refining enterprise were included to conduct the evaluation of the occupational stress, correlation analysis and ridge regression were used to analyze the relationship between occupational stress and five aspects of psychological stress reaction and to detect the influencing factors. @*Results@#Mission control, decision control, environmental control, resources control, promotion, and participation in decision making were positively correlated with job satisfaction (P<0.01) , technology utilization degree, work order tonality, job prospects were negatively correlated with job satisfaction (P<0.05) ; mission control, resource control, promotion, participation in decision-making were positively correlated with mental health (P<0.01) , work order tonality, job prospects were negatively correlated with mental health (P<0.05) ; load change risk, work, work order tonality, job prospects were positively correlated with depression (P<0.05) resource control, promotion opportunities were negatively correlated with depression (P<0.05) ; quantitative risk load, work, work order tonality, job prospects were positively correlated with anxiety (P<0.05) , the task control, promotion, and participation in decision-making were negatively correlated with anxiety (P<0.05) ; work, load change, work order tonality, risk scoring for job prospects were positively correlated with body complaint (P<0.01) , mission control, decision control, resource control were negatively correlated with body complaint (P<0.05) . @*Conclusion@#Different stress factors make different effects in different psychological stress reaction, the main predictors and predictive power of each psychological stress reaction were not the same.

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