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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883339


Objective:To observe the clinical effect of four-point fixation in patients with posterior chamber intraocular lens dislocation.Methods:A retrospective case series study was adopted.Sixteen patients (16 eyes) with posterior chamber intraocular lens dislocation who underwent suture suspension techniques with four-point fixation in Changzhou No.2 people's Hospital from January 2015 to January 2018 were enrolled.Postoperative effects were observed during follow-up, ranging from 6 to 13 months.The preoperative and 6-month postoperative uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), corneal endothelium cell count and astigmatism were measured and the differences were compared, and the relationships between total astigmatism and corneal astigmatism or intraocular lens induced astigmatism were analyzed, and the postoperative position of intraocular lens and complications were observed.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Changzhou No.2 People's Hospital (No.2015-C-012-01).Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before surgery.Results:The mean preoperative UCVA (LogMAR) and BCVA (LogMAR) were 1.09±0.24 and 0.48±0.20, respectively, which were significantly improved to 0.30±0.12 and 0.26±0.13 at 6 months after operation, respectively.And the differences were statistically significant ( t=11.782, 3.795; both at P<0.01).The preoperative and 6-month postoperative corneal endothelium cell count were (2 270±360)/mm 2 and (2 032±327)/mm 2, respectively, and the difference was not significant ( t=1.921, P=0.074).The 6-month postoperative mean total astigmatism, corneal astigmatism and intraocular lens induced astigmatism were (-1.47±0.82)D, (-1.34±0.61)D and (-0.22±0.35)D, respectively.There was a highly positive correlation between total astigmatism and corneal astigmatism ( r=0.885, P<0.05), but there was no significant correlation between total astigmatism and intraocular lens induced astigmatism ( r=-0.432, P=0.095).No dislocation, deviation or torsion of intraocular lens were observed during the follow-up.Varying degree of symptoms of iridocyclitis were observed during early stage after operation, which disappeared after treatment.There were two cases of high intraocular pressure, which were normal after treatment.No retinal detachment, choroidal detachment, expulsive suprachoroidal hemorrhage, endophthalmitis, corneal endothelial decompensation or other complications occurred during and after operation. Conclusions:There is a stable position of intraocular lens, good visual acuity and few complications after four-point fixation with suture and suspension, which is a feasible method to treat dislocated intraocular lens.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686699


Objective To establish and confirm the hepatitis B surface antigen(HBsAg) enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) high specificity S/CO limit as blood donor deferral criterion.Methods A total of 783 HBsAg ELISA reactive and 588 non-reactive samples were collected, and confirmed by HBsAg electrochemiluminescence detection and neutralization test.Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to evaluate the S/CO limit under 95% and 99% specificity.Another 124 HBsAg ELSIA reactive samples were tested for five kinds of hepatitis B virus(HBV) markers by using electrochemiluminescence detection to verify the blood donor deferral limit.The blood donor deferral limits of 3 laboratories, using the same reagents, were compared.Results The 95% specificity S/CO limit of two reagents were 0.24 and 0.65, the 99% specificity S/CO limit of two reagents were 3.89 and 3.62.The 99% specificity S/CO limit was set as the blood donor deferral criterion.Verify test indicated that the samples, with S/CO higher than the blood donor reentry limit of reagent 1 and 2, were all from HBV infected donor.The 99% specificity S/CO limits of reagent 1 in the other three laboratories were 3.77, 3.60 and 13.42 respectively.And the 99% specificity S/CO limits of reagent 2 in the other three laboratories were 27.73, 31.75 and 1.17.Conclusion The blood donor deferral limit of HBsAg ELISA could identify the true positive blood donor, and reduce the number of blood donor, entering the reentry process.It might not suit to adopt a unified donor deferral limit in different laboratories, even using the same reagents.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243915


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the onset time and efficacy of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) with Dermatophagoides farinae drops in children with house dust mites (HDM)-induced allergic rhinitis (AR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and forty three children with perennial moderate to severe HDM-induced AR were treated by SLIT with standardized Dermatophagoides farinae extract. One hundred children who finally completed two years treatment were divided into two groups according to the age: younger children group (aged 4-8 years, n = 52) and older children group (aged 9-14 years, n = 48). Respectively, Each children was assessed before and after 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 6th, 12th, 24th months of the treatment. Total nasal symptom score (TNSS), total medication score (TMS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were evaluated at each visit. All clinical data were analyzed retrospectively with the SPSS 19.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TNSS, TMS and VAS of two groups decreased significantly after three months of the treatment compared with before (younger children group: Z value was -3.843, -3.534, -3.940, older children group: Z value was -3.938, -3.405, -3.953, all P < 0.05). TNSS and VAS of younger children group decreased significantly after two months of the treatment compared with before (6.4 ± 1.6, 5.3 ± 1.4 vs 8.6 ± 1.2, 7.9 ± 1.6, Z value was -3.843, -3.940, both P < 0.05). Five children (5%) experienced local adverse events and 2 children (2%) experienced mild systemic adverse events. No severe adverse events happened during the treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SLIT with Dermatophagoides farinae drops is an efficient and safe treatment for children with HDM-induced AR. Its onset of action can be observed as early as 3 months after treatment.</p>

Administration, Sublingual , Adolescent , Allergens , Animals , Antigens, Dermatophagoides , Child , Child, Preschool , Dermatophagoides farinae , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Drug Therapy , Software , Sublingual Immunotherapy , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1736-1742, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242458


Understanding inter-species transmission of influenza viruses is an important research topic. Scientists try to identify and evaluate the functional factors determining the host range of influenza viruses by generating the recombinant viruses through reverse genetics in laboratories, which reveals the viruses' molecular mechanisms of infection and transmission in different species. Therefore, the reverse genetic method is a very important tool for further understanding the biology of influenza viruses and will provide the insight for the prevention and treatment of infections and transmission. However, these recombinant influenza viruses generated in laboratories will become the potential threat to the public health and the environment. In this paper, we discussed the biological safety issues of recombinant influenza viruses and suggested we should set up protocols for risk management on research activities related to recombinant highly pathogenic influenza viruses.

Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype , Genetics , Laboratories , Microbiology , Orthomyxoviridae , Genetics , Public Health , Reassortant Viruses , Genetics , Recombination, Genetic , Safety