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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 227-231, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884873


Objective:To analysis the impact of public health emergencies on mood fluctuations of depression and the related factors in the elderly in Shanghai, in order to provide a new evidence for early psychological intervention.Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 983 elderly in the Department of Geriatrics of Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University and two communities in Changning and Hongkou Districts of Shanghai by using a self-compiled social life questionnaire and Geriatric Depression Scale(GDS-30)during corona virus disease(COVID)-19 outbreak from 1 February to 15 February 2020.The mood fluctuations of depression and the related influencing factors were analyzed by comparing the current GDS-30 scores with the scores within previous six months.Results:Of 983 questionnaires, 867 were valid.The incidence of mild fluctuations of depression was increased from 20.9%(181/867)to 27.2%(235/867)during the public health emergencies( P<0.05), with 3 cases of newly emerged severe depression.The GDS-30 scores were higher during the public health emergencies than before the emergencies(9.88±3.85 vs.7.67±3.54, P<0.05). The four risk factors inducing fluctuations of depression in the elderly were the number of coexisted chronic diseases ≥2( P=0.036), the lack of visits or communication from families( P=0.015), the family members exposing a risk to COVID-19( P<0.01), and the daily viewing of epidemic news more than 4 h( P=0.023). Linear regression analysis showed that cough, sore throat, dizziness, sleep disturbance and dyspnea were significantly related to the aggravation of depression(based on the increase of GDS-30 score)( P<0.05). Conclusions:Public health emergencies may exacerbate depression in the elderly.They are more likely to experience the aggravation of depression when they suffer from multiple chronic diseases, lack the child visits or communications, have the family members exposing a risk to COVID-19 and pay excessive attention to the epidemic.

Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 670-674, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465058


Objective: To investigate the effect of the gene interfering technology on fatty acid synthase (FAS) gene silencing for lipid contents in human hepatic cell line HepG2 and to study the lipid metabolism related gene expression in HepG2 cells. Methods: A total of 3 pairs of small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting different sequences of FAS mRNA were synthesized as FAS-siRNA-1, FAS-siRNA-2 and FAS-siRNA-3, meanwhile, 2 controls were established as Blank control group, in which HepG2 cells were not treated, and Negative control group, in which HepG2 cells were transfected by non-effective siRNA. The mRNA, and protein expression levels of FAS in HepG2 cells were examined by real-time lfuorescence quantitative RCR and Western blot analysis to screen the most effective pair of siRNA for FAS gene silencing; and that speciifc siRNA was transtected to HepG2 cells for 48 hours to detect the intra-/extra-cellular TG, TC levels and the mRNA expression related to lipid metabolism in HepG2 cells. Results: The screening experiment indicated that FAS-siRNA-3 was most effective for FAS gene silencing. Compared with Blank control group, the mRNA and protein expressions in FAS-siRNA-3 transfected HepG2 cells (Transfected group)decreased to (52.33 ± 3.07) % and (51.57 ± 3.14) % respectively. Compared with Blank control group, Transfected group had the reduced intra-/extra-cellular TG levels and reduced extracellular TC level; while increased mRNA expression of hepatic lipase,P<0.0001 and decreased mRNA expression of TG transfer protein in HepG2 microsome,P<0.05. Conclusion: FAS gene silencing could signiifcantly decrease the intra-/extra- cellular TG level and extracellular TC level in HepG2 cells, those ifndings need to be conifrmed by furtherin vivo andin vitro studies.

Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 10-12, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671917


Objective To investigate the correlation of serum ferritin (SF) and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) with carotid intima-medium thickness (CIMT) in aged type 2 diabetes mellitus ( T2DM) patients.Methods sixty patients with T2DM, 60 with impaired glucose regulation (IGR) and 60 normal control subjects were recruited .SF, hs-CRP, fasting blood glucose (FBG), 2h postprandial blood glucose(2h PBG) along with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting insulin (FINS), triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were assayed, while CIMT of the participants were measured using B mode colorful Doppler ultrasonography .Results FBG, 2hPBG, HbA1c, FINS, homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), TG, TC and LDL-C showed significant difference be -tween patients with T2DM and normal controls ( P <0.05).FBG, 2hPBG, HbA1c, FINS, HOMA-IR showed significant difference between patients with IGR and normal controls ( P <0.05).FBG, 2hPBG, HbA1c, FINS, HOMA-IR, TG and LDL-C showed sig-nificant difference between patients with T 2DM and IGR (P <0.05).Compared with patients with IGR and controls , SF、hs -CRP and bilateral CIMT were found significantly increased in the T 2DM group (P <0.05), the similar differences which was also found comparing IGR group and normal control group .Besides, SF had positive correlation with hs -CRP and bilateral CIMT in both T2DM group ( r =0.89, P <0.05; r =0.82, P <0.05) and IGR group ( r =0.79, P <0.05; r =0.75, P <0.05).Conclusions SF and hs -CRP might contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic macroangiopathy ,which means they could be useful clinically as vascular risk factors.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381372


Objective To elucidate cerebral cortical response to esophageal acid exposure in normal individuals by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and the characteristics of activity. Methods Fifteen volunteers were received intraesophageal perfusion with either 0.9% of sodium chloride or acid (0.1 mmol/L HC1) solutions. The modified block-design model of fMRI scanning was performed simultaneously. All of 32 minutes were needed for resting (A, 8 minutes), 0.9% of sodium chloride perfusion (B,8 minutes), acid perfusion (C,8 minutes) and 0.9% of sodium chloride perfusion again (D,8 minutes). Each chunk was consisted of 160 scans and every scan contained 3 seconds. Six hundred and forty scans were collected in all. The clinical response to esophageal acid exposure was observed and the changes in the cerebral regions was statistically analyzed. Results After perfusion of 0.9% of sodium chloride or acid, 10 out of 15 volunteers had chemosensitive complaints, such as pain in pars laryngen pharyngis, heartburn and chest complaint. The initial active domains involved deutocerebrum, anterior part of callosal gyrus, left side of insula, two sides of amygdale and subiculum hippocampi, two outers of forehead cortex. The provoked regions of acid perfusion (C-A) and 0.9% of sodium chloride perfusion again (D-A) were as same as that of the activated domains by initial perfusion of 0.9% sodium chloride (B-A). The intensity and amplitude of most provoked regions increased gradually(D-A> B-A, P< 0.01). Conclusions The two different stimulations of saline and acid provoke similar cerebral regions that may act in the regulation of esophageal sensitivity. There are the evidences of the central mechanism of esophageal visceral hypersensitivity by acid perfusion.

Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 759-763, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381608


Objective To investigate the changes of esophageal visceral sence stimulated by esophageal distention in rabbits and the protein expressions of calcitonin gene related peptide(CGRP),P substance(SP),5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT),Fos protein in central nervous system(CNS).Methods Twenty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into experimental group(n=8,received esophageal distention with 0.9 cm balloon for 30 s twice a day for 14 days),control group(n=6,received esophageal stimulation without balloon for 30 s twice a day for 14 days)and blank control grouop(n=6).The esophageal visceral sense was evaluated by animal behavior scores.The expressions of SP,CGRP,5-HT and Fos protein esophagus mucosa,spine,nucleus tractus solitari (NTS),periaqueductal gray(PAG)and thalamus were measured by immunochistochemistry.Results At the same behavior scores,the tube diameter of experimental group was significant lower than those of control group(P<0.05).The expression of SP in esophagus mucosa,spine and NTS was significant increased in experimental group compared to two control groups(P<0.05).The expression of CGRP and Fos in esophagus mucosa.spine,NTS,PAG and thalamus was increased in experimental group compared to two control groups(P<0.05).The expression of 5-HT in esophagus mucosa and spine was higher in experimental group than that in control and blank control groups (esophagus: 27.67±3.27 vs 11.00±1.79 or 11. 17±1.33;spine:24.00±5.22 vs 11.33±2.94 or 11. 83±2. 48, P<0. 01). But the expression of 5-HT in PAG was lower in experimental group( 13. 17±2.04) than that in control 17.67±2.07)and blank control (16.83±2.32) groups (P<0. 05). There was significant correlation between CGRP and Fos, SP and Fos, CGRP and SP in spine (r=0. 813,0. 779,0. 772,P=0. 025,0.034, 0. 036, respectively). Conclusions Esophageal hypersensitivity may be induced by esophageal distention. The expresstion of SP, CGRP, 5-HT was increased in the esophageal mueosa and CNS, which indicate that these neurotransmitters and CNS may play an important role in the increase of esophageal visceral sense.