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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745715


Objective To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of active vitamin D3 on podocyte injury in type 1 diabetic rats.Methods Animals were randomly divided into normal control group (NC group),diabetic nephropathy group (DN group),diabetes nephropathy plus active vitamin D3 group (DN + VD group).Random tail vein blood glucose was measured and 24 hours of urine was collected every 3 weeks to observe the dynamic changes of blood glucose and 24-hour urine volume and urinary albumin.Rats were sacrificed at the end of 18th week,the kidney weight to body weight ratio,serum creatinine,blood urea nitrogen,serum calcium,and serum phosphorus levels were measured.Pathological in glomeruli were observed by PAS staining.Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to observe the expression of slit diaphragms proteins including Nephrin,Podocin,and vitamin D receptor protein VDR.The mRNA level of autophagy-related protein P62 was detected by realtime quantitative PCR,and expression of autophagy-related protein including LC3B/A,Beclin1,and P62 were detected by Western blotting.Ultrastructure of podocytes and autopbagosomes in podocytes were observed by electron microscopy.Results Levels of serum creatinine,blood urea nitrogen,and blood glucose in diabetic rats were higher than those in NC group (P<0.05),but without significant difference between DN and DN+VD groups (P>0.05).Compared with the DN group,the urinary protein and kidney weight to body weight ratio in the DN +VD group were significantly lower (P< 0.05).Mesangial matrix hyperplasia and basement membrane thickening were improved,and podocyte fusion and shedding were partially reversed.The expressions of Nephrin,Podocin,VDR,LC3B/A and Beclin1 were increased,and P62 mRNA and protein were down-regulated (P < 0.05).The number of autophagosomes in podocytes increased.Besides,positive correlations were found between Nephrin and Beclin 1 (r =0.939 8,P<0.05),as well as Nephrin and VDR (r=0.948 3,P<0.05),and Beclin1 andVDR (r=0.9093,P<0.05).Conclusion Active vitamin D3 inhibits the injury of diabetic nephropathy podocytes by up-regulating VDR expression and enhancing autophagy activity,thereby reducing proteinuria and delaying the development of diabetic nephropathy.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806016


Objective@#To investigate the different pattern of neck lymph node metastasis, the choice of surgical methods and prognosis in early tongue squamous cell carcinoma.@*Methods@#A total of 157 patients with early oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma were included in this study. Statistical analysis was performed to identify the pattern of lymph node metastasis, to determine the best surgical procedure and to analyze the prognosis.@*Results@#The occurrence of cervical lymph node metastasis rate was 31%(48/157). Neck lymphatic metastasis was significantly related to tumor size (P=0.026) and histology differentiation type (P=0.022). The rate of metastasis was highest in level Ⅱ [33% (16/48)]. In level Ⅳ, the incidence of lymph node metastasis was 5%(7/157), and there was no skip metastases. The possibility of level Ⅳ metastasis was higher, when level Ⅱ (P=0.000) or Ⅲ (P=0.000) involved. The differentiation tumor recurrence, neck lymphatic metastasis and adjuvant radiotherapy were prognostic factors (P<0.05). Multivariate analyses revealed histology differentiation type, neck lymphatic metastases and adjuvant radiotherapy were the independent prognostic factors.@*Conclusions@#Neck lymphatic metastasis rate is high in early tongue squamous cell carcinoma, simultaneous glossectomy and neck dissection should be performed. Level Ⅳ metastasis rate is extremely low, so supraomohyoid neck dissection is sufficient for most of the time. The histology differentiation type, neck lymphatic metastasis and adjuvant radiotherapy are independent prognostic factors.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712117


Objective To improve the efficiency of result reporting and ensure the accuracy of the results by establishing autoverification system in Clinical Chemistry and Immunology Laboratory.Methods The study followed the requirements of the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute(CLSI)AUTO-10A and ISO 15189:2012.In addition,seven categories of verification rules were encoded using the autoverification function of the CentraLink?Data Management System on the Aptio?Automation platform.These rules included Clinical Diagnostic Standard(CS), Sample Status(SS), Quality Control Severity(QS), Instrument Error Flags Severity(IS), Normal Severity(NS), Delta Check Severity(DS), and Logical Assessment Standard(LS).Various modules of Aptio Automation,laboratory information system(LIS)and hospital information system(HIS)were integrated using the CentraLink system to establish the autoverification system.Results The autoverification system was set up and tested from August 2015 to April 2016.In total, the system ran 4 496 425 tests on 366 180 chemistry specimens.The overall autoverification rate for tests performed increased from 53.4% to 87.0%.Glucose had the highest rate (98.3%)while CKMB had the lowest rate(63.6%).Average TAT for result verification decreased by 97.7%,from 46.3 minutes to 3.7 minutes.The system ran 410,040 tests on 160 119 chemiluminescence specimens.The autoverification rate for tests performed increased from 40.2%to 89%.C-P had the highest rate(98.4%)while A-TPO had the lowest rate(58.7%).Average TAT for result verification decreased by 77.4%,from 14.6 minutes to 3.3 minutes.From May 2016 to January 2017(when autoverification was employed),compared with the same period in 2014(when manual verification was employed),the following changes were observed with no increase in staff capacity:a)Volume of routine chemistry tests increased by 46.4%,and median TAT for tests decreased by 41.9%, from 118 minutes to 83 minutes; b)Volume of chemiluminescence tests increased by 24.5%and median median TAT for tests decreased by 52.4%, from 131 minutes to 86 minutes;c)Median TAT for critical values decreased by 50.5%; d)Rates of tests that did not go through autoverification were 88.2% for NS,6.05% for SS, 2.40% for DS,2.00% for LS, 0.97%for IS,and 0.43% for CS; e)Rates of abnormal specimen status identified by Aptio Automation were 7.13‰for jaundice,5.39‰ for blood lipids,2.20‰ for hemolysis,0.17‰ for barcode error, and 0.15‰ for insufficiency;f)Error rate decreased to 0.00%;and g)staff satisfaction increased from 85%to 100%.Conclusion Autoverification of results by using the CentraLink Data Management System can achieve quality control over the entire process of clinical laboratory testing, ensure accuracy of test results, improve work efficiency, decrease TAT, minimize the error rate, avoid skill variation of staff, reduce the pressure of performing manual verification,and improve medical security.

Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1508-1510,1514, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604008


Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of technologies for arteriovenous malformation(AVM ) ,which are skull to boneless head CTA by surface shaded display technique (hereinafter referred to as the SSD‐CTA technology) .Methods Totally 27 patients of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University were selected ,which were diagnosed with AVM by VCTDSA .The original data to our hospital CT workstation were imported ,SSD‐CTA technology to bone reconstruction were performed ,and the data of the two groups were compared .Another 5 patients in our hospital which were diagnosed with AVM by SSD‐CTA examination were selected ,and compared the results with DSA .Results The quality score of SSD‐CTA reconstructed image was less than that of VCTDSA ,but the diagnosis of the two technologies for AVM had no significant statistical difference (P>0 .05) .The number of AVM patients from our hospital wsa too less to do the statistical analysis .The detail resolution of SSD‐CTA was less than DSA ,but the diagnosis of SSD‐CTA was consistent with DSA .Conclusion SSD‐CTA has clinical practical val‐ue ,can be used as a check ,intracranial venous malformation diagnosis .