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Herald of Medicine ; (12): 152-156, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700977


Objective To investigate the inhibition of rutaecarpine (Rut) on left ventricular hypertrophy rat induced by abdominal aorta coarctation (AAC) and further explore the potential mechanisms. Methods Left ventricular hypertrophy was induced by AAC in male Sprague-Dawley rats.Fifty rats were randomly divided into five groups:model control group,sham operation group,low-,middle- and high-dose (10,20,40 mg?kg-1?d-1 ) Rut group,with 10 rats of each group.Rut was administrated by gavage once daily from the first day after operation for consecutive 4 weeks.The sham operation and model groups were administrated with equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution.The hemodynamics parameters were detected by BL-420 E biology function laboratory system,and the left ventricular hypertrophy index (LVHI,left ventricular weight/ body weight) was measured at 8 h after administration of the last dose.The pathological changes of left ventricular hypertrophy were evaluated by HE staining.To elucidate the mechanism of protection,the mRNA expressions of atrial natriuretic factor ( ANF),extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2) and MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) were analyzed by real time RT-PCR,and the protein expressions of MKP-1 and phosphorylated ERK2 (p-ERK2) were examined by Western blotting. Results Left ventricular hypertrophy induced by AAC was evidenced by the increased left ventricular weight (LVW) and LVHI (P<0.01),the decreased± dp/ dt max (P<0.01),and the elevated expression of ANF (P<0.01).Compared with model control,Rut (20,40 mg?kg-1?d-1 ) treatment significantly attenuated AAC-induced rat left ventricular hypertrophy,decreased the LVHI (P<0.05),left ventricular systole pressure (LVSP),and left ventricular end diastolic pressure ( LVEDP ) ( P < 0. 05), and increased ± dp/ dtmax ( P < 0. 01). In addition, Rut ( 20, 40 mg?kg-1?d-1 ) downregulated the expression of ANF,ERK2 mRNA,and ERK2 protein,but upregulated the MKP-1 mRNA and protein expression.However,Rut low-dose (10 mg?kg-1 ?d-1 ) was ineffective (P> 0.05). Conclusion Rut alleviates left ventricular hypertrophy induced by abdominal aorta coarctation,and the protection appears to be due,at least in part,to its inhibitory effects on the MAPK/ ERK signal pathway.

Herald of Medicine ; (12): 847-852, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615537


Objective To investigate the effects of icariin (ICA) on partial vasoactive substances in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) rat model.Methods Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into five groups:normal control group,model control group,ICA low-,middle-and high-dose (20,40,80 mg · kg-1 · d-1) group,12 rats in each group.Except for normal control group,the rats were injected with MCT (50 mg · kg-1 · d-1) to establish PAH model.After 1 week MCT-injection,ICA was given by intragastric administration for 3 weeks according to different groups.Mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) was recorded through catheter connected with Power Lab system.Except for normal control group,the right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVHI) was calculated using formula:right ventricle weight/the weight of left ventricle with septum× 100%.The morphology of lung artery was assessed by HE staining.Concentration of angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ),endothelin (ET),prostaglandine F2α(PGF2α),thromboxane A2(TXA2) and prostacyclin (PGI2) in serum was measured by ELISA kit assay.The protein levels of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE),cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and thromboxane A2 synthetase (TXAS) were analyzed by Western blotting,expression of ACE,COX-2 and TXAS mRNA was measured by real time RT-PCR.Results Compared with the normal control group,mPAP [(48.5±5.2) mmHg] and RVHI (33.3±3.8)%in model control group were significantly increased (P < 0.05),the morphology revealed there was obvious artery remodeling at distal artery,the contents of Ang Ⅱ,PGFA2,TXA2 in serum were elevated,and ACE,COX-2 and TXAS gene expression was up-regulated in rats treated with MCT.ICA (40,80 mg · kg-1 · d-1) treatment significantly attenuated mPAP,RVHI and pulmonary artery remodeling (P < 0.05),and decreased the contents of serum Ang Ⅱ,ET,PGF2β,TXA2,and PGI2,and inhibited the gene expression of ACE,COX-2 and TXAS.Conclusion ICA decreases the contents of AngⅡ,ET,PGI2,PGF2α and TXA2 in the serum of MCT-induced PAH rats,which may be one of the mechanisms underlying ICA inhibiting PAH.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603446


Combining the PBL teaching method and the organ system as the core teaching method, we have carried on the teaching practice of 2 comprehensive experiments in the circulation system of hem-orrhagic shock and treatment, as well as the renal function and failure of the urinary system. The implemen-tation process has been divided into two links: preparation before class and class-room practice to improve the students' ability to study and solve the problem of scientific research.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479714


Objective To observe the changes of serum gastrin (GAS)and plasma motilin (MTL)in patients with primary bile reflux gastritis.Methods 80 patients with primary bile reflux gastritis were selected.The serum GAS and plasma level of MTL were observed,and the results were compared with 80 healthy people.Results The content of MTL in plasma of the study group (282.37 ±31.56)pg/mL was significantly lower than that in the control group (t =-21.352,P <0.01).The level of serum GAS (91.28 ±27.71)pg/mL was significantly higher than the control group (t =-28.388,P <0.01).Conclusion Compared with the healthy people,secretion of MTL in patients with primary bile reflux gastritis has insufficient phenomenon,and has the excessive secretion of GAS in the body,this may be a factor in the pathogenesis of the disease.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423359


Pharmacology is the bridge of preclinical and clinical medicine,as well as medical science and pharmaceutical sciences.Guiding students to grasp some memory method will make for inspiring student's thinking and increasing their interest in pharmacology teaching.And it will also help to improve the effect of pharmacology teaching.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-564719


Aim To study the effect of naftopidil(Naf) on noradrenalin(NA)-induced proliferation of rats vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs),and explore its mechanisms. Methods The cultured VSMCs was induced to proliferate by NA,and effects of Naf on the VSMCs proliferation was tested by MTT assay and cell counting method respectively. The intra-cellular calcium concentration is investigated by fluorimetry,and the expressions of c-myc,c-fos and hypertension related gene-1(HRG-1) mRNA were tested by Real-Time RT-PCR. Results The proliferation of VSMCs induced by NA was inhibited by Naf(10-7~10-6mol?L-1),which diminished clearly VSMCs [Ca2+]i and decreased mRNA expressions of c-myc,c-fos and increased the expression of HRG-1 mRNA. Conclusions Proliferation of VSMCs induced by NA can be inhibited clearly by Naf. The mechanisms may be related to diminishing [Ca2+]i,antagonizing the up-regulation of c-myc and c-fos mRNA expressions by NA and antagonizing the down-regulation of HRG-1 mRNA expression.