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1.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 115-118, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514303

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics of neonatal sepsis caused by gram positive (G +) bacteria,gram negative (G+) bacteria and fungi.Method Clinical data of 202 neonates with sepsis hospitalized from Jan.2012 to May.2015 were studied.According to the different pathogens,202 neonates were divided into gram positive bacteria group,gram negative bacteria group and fungi group.The general information,clinical manifestation,laboratory examination and treatment outcome of the three groups were analysed with Chi square analysis,LSD,Fisher exact probability tests.Result A total of 202 cases of neonatal sepsis were recruited.The detection rate of gram positive bacteria,gram negative bacteria and fungi was 35.2% (71 cases),56.4% (114 cases) and 8.4% (17 cases),respectively.Comparing with gram negative group and fungi group,gram positive group had older gestational age (36.0 ± 3.8 w,compared with gram negative 33.0 ± 3.9 w,fungi group 31.2 ± 3.2 w,P < 0.05),larger birth weight (2 620 ± 925 g compared with gram negative group 1 999 ± 849 g,fungi group 1 595 ± 666 g,P < 0.05),lower nosocomial infection rate (29.6% compared with gram negative group 70.2%,fungi group 94.1%,P <0.05),lower rate of shock,blood glucose disturbance and thrombocytopenia (P < 0.05).There was no statistics difference between the gram negative group and fungi group.Comparing with the other two groups,fungi group was older [20.0 (11.5,39.5) d compared with gram positive group 7.0 (2.0,17.0) d,and gram negative 10.0 (6.0,18.2) d,P < 0.05].The rate of deep venous catheterization in fungi group was higher than that in gram positive group and gram negative group (88.2% compared with gram positive group 25.4%,gram negative group 40.4%,P <0.05).The treatment course of fungi group was longer than that of the gram positive group and gram negative group [22.0 (12.0,37.5) d compared with the gram positive group 14.0 (10.0,17.0) d,gram negative group 14.0 (11.0,18.0) d,P <0.05].The incidence of apnea in the gram negative group was higher than that in gram positive group and fungi group (P < 0.05).The rate of leukocytosis,leukocytopenia and elevated CRP were higher in gram negative and gram positive group (P < 0.05).Conclusion The clinical manifestations and laboratory examinations in neonatal sepsis caused by different pathogens were different,which can help to early identification of different pathogenic infections.However,there is no specific indicators to differentiate neonatal sepsis caused by different pathogens.Early identification of the pathogen needs clinical acumen.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509224

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of icariin mediating migration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in rat bone marrow. Methods MSC proliferation was detected by CCK-8 test. Cell apoptosis was examined with Hoechst33342 staining after the establishment of cellular oxygen and glucose deprivation model. The protein expressions of CXCR4, the receptor of SDF-1, in the surface of MSC after stimulated by icariin were detected through Western blot. The migration of MSC was observed by Transwell chemotaxis assay. Results 0.01μmol/L, 0.1μmol/L and 1μmol/L of icariin could significantly promote the proliferation of MSC, while 10μmol/L of icariin inhibited the proliferation of MSC. After treatment of oxygen and glucose deprivation in vitro, 0.1μmol/L and 1μmol/L of icariin could inhibit the apoptosis of MSC. Icariin could not only improve the expression of CXCR4 in MSC, but also increase the number of transmembrane migrated MSC. After the addition of CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100, there was no significant difference in the number of cell migration among the different groups. Conclusion Icariin with appropriate concentration can promote the proliferation, survival and migration of MSC. SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of MSC migration by icariin.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456054

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of electroacupuncture on the expressions of autophagy related protein Beclin-1 and apoptosis related protein p53 of hippocampus in rats;To explore the mechanism of electroacupuncture on Alzheimer's disease (AD).Methods The rats were randomly divided into the normal group, the sham-operation group, the model group, and the electroacupuncture treatment group. “Baihui” and “Yongquan” points were taken for electroacupuncture treatment and the treatment course was 7 days. The rats were treated once a day for 4 courses. Changes in morphology and number of Nissl positive cells were examined by Nissl staining in hippocampal CA1 regions. Expressions of Beclin-1 and p53 protein were determined by Western blot analysis.Results Number of Nissl positive cells in CA1 region of the model group was significantly less than that of normal group (P<0.01). After electroacupuncture treatment, number of pyramidal cells and expression of Nissl body significantly increased (P<0.05). Expression of Beclin-1 decreased, while expression of p53 increased in the hippocampus of the model group, compared with that in the normal group (P<0.05). However, electroacupuncture treatment could significantly upregulate the expression of Beclin-1 protein (P<0.01), but downregulate the level of p53 (P<0.05).Conclusion Electro-acupuncture treatment could fight against Aβ-induced neuronal apoptosis, and improve the morphological changes of AD’s hippocampus.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452653

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether the Chinese medicine Guben Yiliu III can improve the effect of gemcit -abine on human pancreatic cancer xenograft in nude mice . Methods Nude mice with transplanted human pancreatic cancer were divided randomly into 4 groups: control group, gemcitabine treatment group , combined ( Guben Yiliu III +gemcitabine) group, and Guben Yiliu III group, 10 mice in each group.The gemcitabine group and combined group were treated with gemcitabine from the 8th day after transplantation in a dose of 100 mg/kg by i.p.injection, twice a week. Guben Yiliu III and combined groups were given the aqueous solution of Guben Yiliu III granules p .o.since the 8th day af-ter transplantation .Result The inhibition rate of transplanted tumor in the three treatment groups were 48.9% in the gemcitabine group , 68.9%in the combined group , and 28.0%in the Guben Yiliu III group .The combined group showed a significantly higher inhibition rate than the gemcitabine group (P<0.05).The gemcitabine group, combined group and Guben Yiliu III group showed a significantly slower growth rate than the control group .However, the combined treatment group showed a pronounced side effect and body weight loss than the other 3 groups .Conclusions The Chinese medicine Guben Yiliu III can improve the inhibitory effect of gemcitabine on nude mice with human pancreatic cancer xenograft in the auxilla of nude mice .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441757

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Based on the integration of virtual reality technology with acupoints, acupuncture can be expressed three-dimensional y. OBJECTIVE:To explore the structure of points through reconstructing digitalized three-dimensional visualization of Neiguan (PC6) structure based on VOXEL-MAN and Micro-XCT. METHODS:Muscles and other tissues adjacent with Neiguan (PC6) were segmented and merged based on the VOXEL-MAN system combined with the anatomical knowledge of acupoints;nerves and blood vessels were performed with three-dimensional reconstruction;the needle-inserting animation of Neiguan (PC6) was obtained by running script file. Three-dimensional visualization and virtual needle-inserting researches of Neiguan (PC6) were performed. Nature of the acupoints was detected by the Micro-XCT-200 machine additional y. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The visualization of the anatomical structure of local Neiguan (PC6) was completed, and the localization and expression of Neiguan (PC6) in the digitized virtual human were realized. The Neiguan (PC6) structure was researched with Micro-XCT-200, and showed there was no new tissue. Local three-dimensional reconstruction of the acupoint structure could help to display the anatomical structure of acupoints and simulate the acupuncture process. It could also help to observe the relationship between the needle body and the surrounding tissues during needle-inserting, which supplying a good basis not only for exploring the security of needle-inserting, but also for improving the clinical effect of acupuncture. The research on the structure of acupoint Neiguan (PC6) by Micro-XCT-200 provides further experimental evidence for the hypothesis of three-dimensional acupoint.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590417

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship among hepatitis B virus(HBV) basic core promoter(BCP) mutation,serum HBV DNA contents and HBV markers as well as liver function of chronic hepatitis B patients.METHODS The A to T mutation at nucleotide 1762 and G to A mutation at nucleotide 1764 were determined by the method of polymerase chain reaction(PCR) microplate hybridization ELISA in 176 patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection.RESULTS The rate of HBV BCP mutants in negative and positive groups of HBeAg was 49.4% and 33.3%,respectively(P

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592164

ABSTRACT

The development of orthopedic fixing materials is a most basic and active aspect in orthopedic injury treatment.Their invention and application of early manual splints,gypsum bangs,hot-shaped splints,polymeric bangs and so on,greatly promoted orthopedic fixing performance and varied the strategies of orthopedic injury treatment.By repeated experiments and clinical trials,we developed a new orthopedic fixing material using polymeric materials.Convenient to operate,easy to remove,auto-shaped,X ray transmittable,water proof and durable,it not only satisfies the needs of fixing different parts of the body,but also remedies the defects of earlier fixing materials,and therefore has gained an extensive application as the best fixing material for the treatment of clinical and battle-field bone fractures.Further studies on it will surely better its properties,reduce its cost and lead it to a wider application.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554162

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the effects of Tea Po lyp henols on induction of apoptosis in human liver cancer cell etc. Telomerase acti vity of BEL-7404 cells was dramatically declined during the cell incuba tion with Tea Polyphenols. METHODS MTT colorimetric assay and trypan b lue exclusion method were used to examine the growth inhibition ofTea Polyphenols on BEL-7404 cells. Telomerase activity in cell was determined by PCR-ELISA method. Cell morphology and DNA gel electrophoresis were used to observe the apoptosis. RESULTS The solution of Tea Polyphenols showed dose-dependent and time-dependent inh ibitory effects on the proliferation on BEL-7404 cell line. After treatment wit h 0 2 and 0 1 g?L -1 tea polyphenols for 48 hours, cells displayed DNA ladder bands and typical morphological change of apoptosis included: ce ll shrinkage, membrane blebbing, chromatin condensation, nuclear fragmentation etc. Telomerase activit y of BEL-7404 cells was dramatically declined during the cell incubation with Tea Polyphenols. CONCLUSION Tea Polyphenols has growth inhibiti ng effect and may induce apoptosis in BEL-7404 in a certain dose range. The ant icancer mechanism of Tea Polyphenols might be related to the inhibition of telom erase activity.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591332

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a suit of rapidly-fixed evacuation stretcher for safe and convenient transportation of the wounded. Methods By making use of the expansion-shaping property of a bubble-shaped material produced by the chemical reaction of two kinds of Macromolecule materials, and the restrictive effect of body shape matching cotton fabric fixation-bag, a new type of stretcher was developed. Results It was proved by the maneuver and all kinds of traffic accidents that the field stretcher could provide dependable safeguard for the wounded, and the effect was very well. It was suitable to carry out the second or the third treatment and other transportation schemes. Conclusion This new type of field stretcher is light, portable and easily-operated, and besides, it can be used repeatedly.

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