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1.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 553-561, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871937

ABSTRACT

TORCH, which is considered as a series of pathogens, including the Toxoplasma gondii, Rubella virus, Cytomegalovirus or Herpes simplex virus, often infects the pregnant women to induce the the fetus or newborn infection by transplacental infection or exposure to contaminated genital tract secretions at delivery. Increasing evidence have been confirmed that the infection of TORCH may cause the miscarriage, premature birth, malformed fetus, stillbirth, intrauterine growth retardation, neonatal multiple organ dysfunction and other adverse pregnancy outcomes. For most TORCH-infections cases may lacking the effective treatments during pregnancy, and it is important to achieve the effacing monitoring of TORCH infections before and during pregnancy. The laboratory testing of TORCH has the great significance. However, the consensus opinions still need to improve the the standardization of TORCH testing process and the correct interpretation. Based on the characteristics of the TORCH detection method, this article gives a consensus opinion on the standardized detection and clinical application of TORCH from the laboratory perspective according to the characteristics and types of infection of different pathogens.

2.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 691-694, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864088

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the variation and characteristics of gene mutation in patients with 6-pyruvoyltetrahydropterin synthase deficiency(PTPSD) in Henan province, and to provide the theoretical basis for early diagnosis, treatment, genetic consultation and prenatal diagnosis of PTPSD.Methods:One thousand nine hundred and six children with hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA) treated in Henan Neonatal Screening Center, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1998 to December 2018 were included.Chemiluminescence was used for pheny-lalanine (Phe) detection in blood or dried blood spots.For patients with Phe concentration >120 μmol/L, urine pterin analysis was carried out, and the activity of dihydropteridine reductase (DHPR) was detected.Mutations of the PAH, GCH1, GFRP, PCBD1, PTPS and QDPR in 79 children with tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency(BH4D) were detected by using the high-throughput sequencing.All variations were verified by Sanger sequencing. Results:Among the 1 906 children, 79 cases were diagnosed as BH4D clinically, and they all were PTPSD.The incidence of PTPSD in HPA in Henan was 4.14%.One hundred and fifty-six out of 158 alleles in 79 children were detected, and the detection rate of gene mutation was 98.73%, 30 mutations were identified and most of the variants were located in exons 5(92/156 cases, 58.97%). Variants of c. 259C>T (61/156 cases, 39.10%), c.286G>A (17/156 cases, 10.90%), c.155A>G (13/156 cases, 8.33%) and c. 272A > G (10/156 cases, 6.41%) were more common.Six novel variations were detected, which included c. -77G>T, c.158A>G, c.262C>T, c.207G>A, c.316A>G and c. 332C>G; 38 genotypes had been identified, including 3 homozygous mutations and 33 compound heterozygous mutations.Conclusions:c. 259C>T is the hot-spots gene mutation in Chinese PTPSD patients in Henan province.The identification of 6 new mutations enriches the gene mutation profile.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1120-1122, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800868

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To report on a case of maternally derived 45, X mosaicism detected by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT).@*Methods@#Fetal sex chromosomal abnormality was detected by NIPT. Maternally derived 45, X mosaicism was confirmed by chromosome karyotype analysis. Fetal sex chromosome aneuploidy was detected by amniotic fluid chromosome microarray analysis.@*Results@#A maternal 45, X mosaicism was diagnosed. The fetus was confirmed to be normal.@*Conclusion@#Maternal 45, X masaicism can be diagnosed by NIPT.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1120-1122, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776732

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on a case of maternally derived 45,X mosaicism detected by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT).@*METHODS@#Fetal sex chromosomal abnormality was detected by NIPT. Maternally derived 45,X mosaicism was confirmed by chromosome karyotype analysis. Fetal sex chromosome aneuploidy was detected by amniotic fluid chromosome microarray analysis.@*RESULTS@#A maternal 45,X mosaicism was diagnosed. The fetus was confirmed to be normal.@*CONCLUSION@#Maternal 45,X masaicism can be diagnosed by NIPT.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Aneuploidy , Karyotyping , Mosaicism , Prenatal Diagnosis , Sex Chromosome Aberrations
5.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 106-110, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of miR-200c on the migration and proliferation abilities of breast cancer MDA-MB-231 and BT-549 cells,and to clarify the mechanism of miR-200c in inhibiting the epithelial-mesenchymal transiton (EMT) of triple negative breast cancer.Methods:The human triple negative breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and BT-549) were chosen in this study.The cells were transiently transfected with miR-200cmimics and Lipo2000 (experimental group),miR-200c negative control and Lipo2000 (negative control group),and Lipo2000 alone (reagent control group);at the same time,blank control group was set up.The expression levels of vimentin and β-catenin mRNA and protein were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting method.The proliferation rates and migration abilities of MDA-MB-231 cells and BT-549 cells after transfection of miR-200c were analyzed by CCK8 assay and wound healing assay.Results:The RT-PCR and Western blotting showed that the expression levels of vimentin and β-catenin mRNA and proteins in experimental group were decreased,and the differences were statistically significant compared with blank control group,negative control group and reagentcontrol group (P<0.05).The CCK8 results showed that the proliferation rates of the cells in experimental group were lower than those in negative control group and reagent control group (P<0.05).The wound healing assay results showed that the recovery rate of scratch width in experimental group was lower than those in negative control group and reagent control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:miR-200c might inhibit EMT in triple negative breast cancer by regulating the expressions of β-catenin and vimentin mRNA and proteins in MDA-MB-231 and BT-549cells and decreasing the abilities of migration and proliferation of triple negative breast cancer cells.

6.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2312-2313,2318, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604119

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of hypoxia on the expression of Stat3 and p-Stat3 ,and assessed the apoptosis ability of JAR cells in vitro .Methods JAR cells were cultured under hypoxic conditions .Western blot were used to determine the protein expression of Stat3 and p-Stat3 .Cellular apoptosis was monitored by flow cytometry analysis .Results Abnormal morpholo-gy changes in trophoblast cells under low oxygen conditions .After 48 h hypoxic treatment ,the protein of Stat3 and p-Stat3 were significantly decreased(P< 0 .05) ;however ,the level of apoptosis was significantly increased (P < 0 .05) .Conclusion Stat3 and p-Stat3 protein levels were decreased under hypoxia circumstance ,while the cell apoptosis ability was increased in JAR cells .

7.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 304-307, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460410

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect on the expression of Slug for the trasfection of miR-200c combined with the research on the ability of migration of breast cancer cell BT549.Methods:Chemically synthesized miR-200c mimic was trasfected into BT549 cells,which have high metastatic potential.The effect on the ability of migration of breast cancer cell BT549 for the transfection of miR-200c was analyzed by Transwell migration assay and Wound healing assay.The expression of Slug and E-cadherin mRNA was detected by Real-time PCR.The expression of Slug protein was detected by Western blot.Results:Transfection with miR-200c mimic significantly down-regulated the expression of Slug as compared with the control group (P<0.05).BT549 cell tranfected with miR-200c mimic had lower levels of migration capacity than cells in the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:miR-200c inhibits Epithelial-mes-enchymal transition by suppressing Slug leading to down-regulation of migration capacity of breast cancer cell BT549.

8.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 2051-2052,2055, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599631

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection status quo among childbearing age women to provide the theoretical basis for adopting the effective intervention ,treatment and blocking measures in pre-pregnant women .Methods The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the time-resolved fluorometric immunoassay were adopted to detect HbsAg in 68 682 children bearing age women ,including outpatient and hospitalized patients ,in this hospital from February 2012 to September 2013 .The detect results were analyzed according to the age ,place of residence and medical departments .Results Among 68 682 children bearing age women ,3 260 cases were found positive for HbsAg with the HBsAg positive rate of 4 .70% .The statistically significant differences in the HBV infection positive rate existed among different age groups ,the positive rates in the age groups of 16- <20 years ,20 - < 25 years ,25 - < 30 years ,30 - < 35 years ,35 - < 40 years ,40 - < 45 years and 45 - < 50 years were 3 .83% ,4 .89% ,4 .96% ,4 .91% ,4 .18% ,4 .40% and 4 .18% respectively ,the differences among them had statistical significance (χ2 =15 .76 ,P=0 .015) ,in which the age 25- <30 years group had the highest HBV infection rate .At the same time the signifi-cant differences in the geographical distribution and medical departments existed .The HBV infection positive rate in rural area was significantly higher than that in city with statistical difference (χ2 =27 .47 ,P<0 .05) ,and the HBV infection positive rate in the outpatient departments was higher than that in the inpatient departments with statistical difference (χ2 =46 .88 ,P<0 .05) .Conclu-sion Children bearing women at 20-34 years old show the highest HBV infection rate .The HBV screening and the works of pre-vention and treatment during this age period should be strengthened ,which conduces to discover the HBV infection positive patients in time and prevent the mother-to-fetus transmission .

9.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 861-865, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458711

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of apply Ion Proton semiconductor sequencing platform in non-invasive prenatal genetic diagnosis .Methods Totally 1 000 pregnant women with a singleton pregnancy of 12-32 weeks gestation were selected from the Third affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from Jan to Dec 2013.Using noninvasive prenatal genetic diagnosis based on Ion Proton semiconductor sequencing platform to study their cffDNA .In parallel, 72 pregnant women received invasive prenatal diagnosis by traditional chromosomal analysis with amniocentesis chorionic villus sampling .Results It′s shown that 18 out of 1 000 (1.8%) pregnant women underwent the noninvasive prenatal genetic testing had a high risk for aneuploid chromosomes , including 7 cases of 21-trisomy, 4 cases of 18-trisomy, 2 cases of 13-trisomy, 4 cases of sex chromosomal abnormality , and 1 case of 15-trisomy.It demonstrated that the rate and accuracy of fetal 21-trisomy, 13-trisomy and 18-trisomy by non-invasive prenatal genetic testing were both 100%without misdiagnosis , the rate of detection for sex chromosomal abnormality was 2/2 with a false positive rate of 1/3.However, the 15-trisomy predicted by the non-invasive prenatal diagnosis in a woman was finally proved to be a false positive .Based on the results by karyotyping (55/55) as well as follow-ups (493/493), the specificity of the non-invasive prenatal diagnosis for detection of 21-trisomy, 18-trisomy and 13-trisomy was 100%.One Ion PITM chip could detect 12 to 15 samples in 1.5 h and the whole process of noninvasive detection could be completed in 1 to 1.5 days.Conclusions The non-invasive prenatal diagnosis by Ion Proton semiconductor sequencing platform could provide fast and accurate detection of fetal aneuploidy .The benchtop high-throughput sequencing platform has laid the foundation for the independent application in clinical settings for fetal aneuploidy detection .

10.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 348-352, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386791

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between human leukocyte antigen-G( HLA-G) gene Exon 8 14 bp deletion polymorphism and the pathogenesis of severe pre-eclampsia.Methods Forty-two pregnant women with severe pre-eclampsia,who admitted to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2008 to February 2009,and their newborns were chosen as the severe pre-eclampsia group.Another 45 healthy gravidas at the third trimester and their newborns were chosen as the control.All gravidas in both groups were Han Nationality.HLA-G Exon 8 genotyping was detected by PCR in both groups and the allele frequencies and genotype frequencies were compared between the two groups.The genotype frequencies of maternal-neonatal pairs were also analyzed.Results ( 1 ) In the severe pre-eclampsia group,14% of the maternal-neonatal pairs were homozygote of 14 bp deletion,and significantly higher frequency 33% (15/45) was found in the control group (P =0.038).(2) No significant difference was found in the allele frequencies and genotype frequencies of HLA-G 14 bp deletion polymorphism among all the mothers between the two groups (P >0.05).(3) The + 14 bp and-14 bp allele frequencies of HLA-G 14 bp deletion polymorphism in newborns in the severe pre-eclampsia group were 44% (37/84) and56% (47/84),respectively,and 30% (27/90) and 70% (63/90) in the control group.Although there was no significant difference between the two groups,but differences in trends was identified (χ2= 3.678 P = 0.055) ; The genotype (-14 bp/-14 bp) frequency of neonates in the severe pre-eclampsia group showed no difference compared with that in the control group[29% (12/42) vs 49% (22/45)],but differences in trends was also found (P =0.052).Conclusions HLA-G 14 bp deletion polymorphism is associated with the susceptibility of severe pre-eclampsia in Chinese Han nationality.Maternal-fetal genotype pairs of-14 bp/-14 bp may have reduced risk of severe pre-eclampsia.

11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 418-425, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405899

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between the polymorphism of HLA-A, HLA-B genes and pre-eclampsia. Methods: HLA-A, HLA-B genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific primer (PCR-SSP) in 119 preeclampsia patients, 117 normal pregnant women and their neonates. Results: The study showed that 16 HLA-A and 39 HLA-B alleles were obtained in pre-eclamptic patients and normal pregnant women. 15 HLA-A and 37 HLA-B alleles were obtained in their neonates. No significant difference was found in maternal or neonatal HLA-A, HLA-B alleles be-tween pre-eclampsia group and control group (Pc>0. 05). The frequencies of HLA-A11, HLA-A24,HLA-B13, HLA-B14, HLA-B15, HLA-B52 maternal/fetus genetic assoications were significantly different between pre-eclampsia group and control group (P<0. 05). Conclusion: Some HLA-A, HLA-B maternal/fetus special bindings may be associated with the susceptibility or protective of pre-eclampsia.

12.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 473-5, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634177

ABSTRACT

The activity of the NK cells in patients with preeclampsia was studied to investigate the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. By using MTT and 51Cr releasing technique, the proliferation and killing ability of the NK cells in maternal and umbilical blood from preeclampsia patients (n = 18) and normal third trimester pregnant women (n = 18) were detected. The NK-92 cell line was as the positive control. The results showed that the NK cell counts of umbilical blood in preeclampsia patients and normal third trimester pregnant women were significantly greater than those of maternal blood (both P<0.05). Compared with that in normal third trimester pregnant women, the proliferative ability of the NK cells in preeclampsia patients was apparently increased (P<0.05). Compared with that in maternal blood, the proliferative ability of the NK cells in umbilical blood from both preeclampsia patients and normal third trimester pregnant women was dramatically increased. The killing ability of the NK cells in preeclampsia patients was significantly higher than that in normal third trimester pregnant women (P <0.05). It was suggested that both number and function of the NK cells in preeclampsia women were increased, and that in umbilical blood was greater than that in maternal blood, speculating that the function of the NK cells may affect the maintenance of the maternal and fetal immune tolerance during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Cytotoxicity, Immunologic/immunology , Fetal Blood/cytology , Immune Tolerance , Killer Cells, Natural/immunology , Killer Cells, Natural/pathology , Pre-Eclampsia/blood , Pre-Eclampsia/immunology , Pregnancy Trimester, Third
13.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 473-475, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337006

ABSTRACT

The activity of the NK cells in patients with preeclampsia was studied to investigate the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. By using MTT and 51Cr releasing technique, the proliferation and killing ability of the NK cells in maternal and umbilical blood from preeclampsia patients (n = 18) and normal third trimester pregnant women (n = 18) were detected. The NK-92 cell line was as the positive control. The results showed that the NK cell counts of umbilical blood in preeclampsia patients and normal third trimester pregnant women were significantly greater than those of maternal blood (both P<0.05). Compared with that in normal third trimester pregnant women, the proliferative ability of the NK cells in preeclampsia patients was apparently increased (P<0.05). Compared with that in maternal blood, the proliferative ability of the NK cells in umbilical blood from both preeclampsia patients and normal third trimester pregnant women was dramatically increased. The killing ability of the NK cells in preeclampsia patients was significantly higher than that in normal third trimester pregnant women (P <0.05). It was suggested that both number and function of the NK cells in preeclampsia women were increased, and that in umbilical blood was greater than that in maternal blood, speculating that the function of the NK cells may affect the maintenance of the maternal and fetal immune tolerance during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Allergy and Immunology , Fetal Blood , Cell Biology , Immune Tolerance , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Pre-Eclampsia , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Pregnancy Trimester, Third
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