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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929521


@#Early childhood caries (ECC) is not only harmful to children's oral cavity and even the whole body, the government and relevant health departments pay more and more attention to the prevention and treatment of early childhood caries. However, at present, the primary treatment for ECC is the traditional filling therapy. The chronic disease management model can conduct regular testing of chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors, and provide long-term and effective professional management to patients by supervision and advice by doctors, nurses and pharmacists. This model has a good effect on slowing down the development of the disease, improving the quality of life of patients and saving public health resources. As a common chronic non-communicable disease, ECC is very suitable for prevention and treatment through chronic disease management. In recent years, chronic disease management models have also been increasingly used in the management of caries. The current common chronic disease management models include the chronic care model, innovative care for chronic condition, and British chronic disease management system models. And above models have certain applications in the management of ECC. How to establish the caries risk assessment system suitable for the diagnosis and treatment model of our country, and how to screen the children with high risk of caries by step-by-step prevention and control network for personalized prevention needed to be further studied in the future.

Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 288-291, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920635


Objective@#To explore the association between urinary metals and lung function among college students, and to provide a theoretical basis for related research on metal exposure and lung function injury.@*Methods@#A total of 45 healthy college students were recruited from North China University of Science and Technology in Caofeidian between 2017-2018. During the four seasons, information was obtained from questionnaires and physical examinations, lung function parameters were assessed, including FVC, FEV1, PEF, FEV1/FVC and FEF 25-75 , and morning urine samples were collected simultaneously. The urinary levels of 15 metals were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP/MS); a Kruskal Wallis H test was used to compare differences in urinary metals during the four seasons; and a mixed effect model was used to assess correlations between urinary metals and lung function.@*Results@#There were significant differences in the levels of urinary chromium, iron, nickel, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, selenium, molybdenum, cadmium, antimony and lead from 15 metals over the four seasons ( H =9.79- 20.61 , P <0.05). The differences observed in five lung function parameters over the four seasons were statistically significant ( F =61.72, 45.30, 47.61, 25.47, 35.13, P <0.05). The linear mixed effect model analysis showed that urinary concentrations of vanadium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel and antimony were negatively correlated with FEV1( B =0.202, 0.192, 0.181, 0.154, 0.131 , 0.283); urinary concentrations of aluminum, vanadium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, zinc, cadmium, and antimony were negatively correlated with FVC ( B =0.252, 0.290, 0.292, 0.271, 0.201, 0.180, 0.171, 0.163, 0.381); urinary concentrations of manganese and antimony were negatively correlated with PEF ( B =0.291, 0.354)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The increase of multiple metal concentrations among college students was related to lung function decline, the long term metal exposure might lead to lung function damage. So environmental metal pollution should be controlled.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793115


@#Objective:To explore the mechanism of EYA1 (eyes absent 1) inhibiting the malignant progression of gastric cancer SGC7901 cells through regulating PTEN/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Methods: Twenty-nine pairs of gastric cancer tissues and para-cancerous tissues collected at the General Surgery center, Southwest Hospital Affiliated to Military Medical University during June 2016 and June 2018 were used in this study. Wb and RT-PCR assays were used to test the mRNA and protein expressions of EYA1 in gastric cancer tissues and the paired para-cancerous tissues; Transfection with plasmid or siRNAs were used to up-regulate or down-regulate EYA1 or PTEN expression in gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells; MTT, Flow Cytometry, Wound Healing and Transwell assays were carried out to detect cell proliferation, apoptosis, metastasis and invasion abilities, respectively. Results: EYA1 expression was decreased in gastric cancer tissues as compared with the para-cancerous tissues at both mRNA and protein levels (P<0.01); EYA1 over-expression significantly enhanced the proliferation, metastasis and invasion of SGC-7901 cells (all P<0.05), and inhibited cell apoptosis (P<0.05); moreover, its over-expressionsignificantly increased the expression of PTEN, and inhibited the activation of PI3K/AKT pathway (all P< 0.05 or P<0.01). However, the above effects mediated by EYA1 up-regulation were significantly impaired after the knockout of PTEN (all P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion: EYA1 can inhibit the malignant progression of gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells through promoting the expression of PTEN and activating PI3K/AKT pathway.

J Environ Biol ; 2013 Jan; 34(1): 79-85
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-148494


Nursery nitrogen application has been used to improve seedling quality. The technique has received little attention with bare-root seedlings and their subsequent field performance on weed competition sites. Our research objective was to examine responses of one- and two- year-old bare-root Olga Bay larch (Larix olgensis Henry) seedlings to nursery nitrogen supplements and subsequent one-year field performance on a competitive site. The fertilizer levels (kg N ha-1) were 0 (control), 60 (conventional fertilization, 60 C), 120 (additional nitrogen applied two times, 120 L), 180 (additional nitrogen applied three times, 180 L) and N were applied in increments of 30 kg ha-1 at 15-day interval to maintain a base nutrient level. Although pre-planting morphological attributes and nitrogen status of one-year-old (1a) seedlings were more sensitive to 60 C than for two-year-old (2a) seedlings, the conventional application failed to enhance their field survival(15.6% vs 17.8%), relative height growth (89.0% vs 79.6%), and relative diameter growth (17.0% vs 22.9%). The 1a seedlings‘ field survival (15.6% for 0, 17.8% for 60 C) and 2a seedlings‘ relative height growth rate (11.0% for 0, 8.9% for 60 C) were not increased significantly until they were provided the 120 L (survival of 23.3% for 1a, relative height growth rate of 15.0% for 2a). According to pre-planting attributes and field performance, optimum nursery nitrogen application was 120 L for the 2a seedlings and 180 L for 1a seedlings. Except for component nitrogen concentration, pre-planting morphological attributes and component N content for the 2a seedlings were as much 3.3 to 37.7 times that of 1a seedlings. In conclusion, the contrasting survival of poor (15.6%-28.9%) for 1a seedlings and high (84.4%-91.1%) for 2a seedlings indicated that additional nitrogen fertilizer would not equal the benefits of an another year‘s growth in the nursery. Successful reforestation could not be fulfilled by 1a seedlings regardless of their pre-nutrients. An alternative technique for sites with competing vegetation was to apply 120kg N ha-1 in the nursery during July and August on 2a seedlings.