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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 50: 23-28, Mar. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292311

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: H2S is proved to be functioning as a signaling molecule in an array of physiological processes in the plant and animal kingdom. However, the H2S synthesis pathway and the responses to cold conditions remain unclear in postharvest mushroom. RESULTS: The biosynthesis of H2S in the Agaricus bisporus mushroom tissues exhibited an increasing tendency during postharvest storage and was significantly triggered by cold treatment. The cystathionine clyase (AbCSE) and cystathionine b-synthase (AbCBS) genes were cloned and proved responsible for H2S biosynthesis. Furthermore, transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation of AbCSE and AbCBS were crucial for the enzyme activities and subsequent H2S levels. However, the AbMST was not involved in this process. Moreover, the AbCSE and AbCBS genes displayed low identity to the characterized genes, but typical catalytic domains, activity sites, subunit interface sites, and cofactor binding sites were conserved in the respective protein sequences, as revealed by molecular modeling and docking study. The potential transcription factors responsible for the H2S biosynthesis in cold conditions were also provided. CONCLUSIONS: The H2S biosynthetic pathway in postharvest mushroom was unique and distinct to that of other horticultural products.


Subject(s)
Agaricus/chemistry , Cystathionine beta-Synthase/metabolism , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase/metabolism , Hydrogen Sulfide/chemical synthesis , Agricultural Cultivation , Agaricus campestris , Cold Temperature , Food Storage
2.
Biol. Res ; 53: 05, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089075

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: LincRNAs have been revealed to be tightly associated with various tumorigeneses and cancer development, but the roles of specific lincRNA on tumor-related angiogenesis was hardly studied. Here, we aimed to investigate whether linc-OIP5 in breast cancer cells affects the angiogenesis of HUVECs and whether the linc-OIP5 regulations are involved in angiogenesis-related Notch and Hippo signaling pathways. METHODS: A trans-well system co-cultured HUVECs with linc-OIP5 knockdown breast cancer cell MDA-MB-231 was utilized to study the proliferation, migration and tube formation abilities of HUVECs and alterations of related signaling indicators in breast cancer cells and their conditioned medium through a series of cell and molecular experiments. RESULTS: Overexpressed linc-OIP5, YAP1, and JAG1 were found in breast cancer cell lines MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 and the expression levels of YAP1 and JAG1 were proportional to the breast cancer tissue grades. MDA-MB-231 cells with linc-OIP5 knockdown led to weakened proliferation, migration, and tube formation capacity of co-cultured HUVECs. Besides, linc-OIP5 knockdown in co-cultured MDA-MB-231 cells showed downregulated YAP1 and JAG1 expression, combined with a reduced JAG1 level in conditioned medium. Furthermore, a disrupted DLL4/Notch/NRP1 signaling in co-cultured HUVECs were also discovered under this condition. CONCLUSION: Hence, linc-OIP5 in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells may act on the upstream of the YAP1/Notch/NRP1 signaling circuit to affect proliferation, migration, and tube formation of co-cultured HUVECs in a non-cellular direct contact way through JAG1 in conditioned medium. These findings at least partially provide a new angiogenic signaling circuit in breast cancers and suggest linc-OIP5 could be considered as a therapeutic target in angiogenesis of breast cancers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Neuropilin-1/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Receptors, Notch/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/cytology , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Line, Tumor , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
3.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(4): e20190001, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019982

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar os níveis séricos de proteína 3 contendo um domínio NACHT, porção C-terminal rica em repetições de leucina e de domínio pirina (NLRP3) e catelicidina LL-37, bem como investigar sua importância prognóstica em pneumonia adquirida na comunidade (PAC). Métodos Este estudo prospectivo incluiu 76 pacientes com PAC. Foram obtidos dados demográficos e características clínicas. Os níveis séricos de NLRP3 e LL-37 foram determinados por meio do teste ELISA. A correlação entre NLRP3 e LL-37 foi estimada por intermédio da análise de Spearman. A associação entre NLRP3 e LL-37 com 30 dias de taxa de sobrevida e de mortalidade foi avaliada pela curva de Kaplan-Meier e análise de regressão logística. Resultados Os níveis séricos de NLRP3 estavam elevados, enquanto os níveis de LL-37 apresentaram redução significativa em pacientes com PAC grave. Observou-se correlação significativa entre os níveis séricos de NLRP3 e LL-37 em pacientes com PAC. Pacientes com níveis elevados de NLRP3 e níveis reduzidos de LL-37 exibiram maior taxa de sobrevida em 30 dias e de mortalidade quando comparados com aqueles com níveis inferiores de NLRP3 e LL-37. Conclusões Pacientes com PAC grave tendem a apresentar níveis séricos elevados de NLRP3 e níveis reduzidos de LL-37, o que pode ser utilizado como um potencial biomarcador prognóstico.


ABSTRACT Objective This study aimed to determine the serum levels of NACHT, Leucine-rich repeat (LRR), and Pyrin (PYD) domains-containing Protein 3 (NLRP3) and cathelicidin LL-37, and investigate their prognostic significance in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Methods The sample of this prospective study was composed of 76 consecutive patients with CAP. Demographic data and clinical characteristics were collected. Serum levels of NLRP3 and LL-37 were determined by ELISA. Spearman's analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between NLRP3 and LL-37. Association of NLRP3 and LL-37 with 30-day survival and mortality rates was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier curve and logistic regression analysis. Results Serum NLRP3 significantly increased whereas serum LL-37 significantly decreased in patients with severe CAP. Significant correlation was observed between serum NLRP3 and LL-37 in CAP patients. Patients with higher levels of NLRP3 and lower levels of LL-37 showed lower 30-day survival rate and higher mortality compared with those with lower NLRP3 and higher LL-37 levels. Conclusion Severe CAP patients tend to present higher serum NLRP3 and lower serum LL-37, which might serve as potential biomarkers for CAP prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonia/blood , Proteins/analysis , Community-Acquired Infections/blood , Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides/blood , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/blood , Pyrin/blood , Pneumonia/mortality , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Community-Acquired Infections/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(11): 1002-1006, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976793

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study retrospectively reviewed 46 cases of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated by endoluminal endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR) microsurgery in our gastrointestinal endoscopy center. We aimed to evaluate the EFR for the treatment of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originating from the muscularis propria. METHODS: A total of 46 patients with gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originated from the muscularis propria layer from January 2012 to June 2015 were treated with EFR. The patients were followed up with gastroscope and computed tomography (CT) for evaluation of therapeutic effect and safety. RESULTS: EFR was successfully accomplished to remove all tumors in 46 patients. The mean procedure time was 82.5±39.8min (56-188min). Except in 3 leiomyomas, pathological examination confirmed gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in 43 cases. None of the patients had occurred bleeding, peritonitis and other complications after EFR. Thereafter, all patients were followed up with gastro-scope after 1, 6,12 months. CONCLUSIONS: EFR is effective and safe for patients with gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors originated from muscularis propria layer and has the advantage of less invasive treatment and higher tumor resection rate. It should be considered for further application.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Este estudo revisou retrospectivamente 46 casos de tumores gástricos estromáticos gastrointestinais tratados por microcirurgia endoluminal endoscópica de ressecção completa (EFR) em nosso centro de endoscopia gastrointestinal. Pretendemos avaliar a EFR para o tratamento de tumores gastrointestinais estromáticos originários da muscularis própria. MÉTODOS: Um total de 46 pacientes com tumores gástricos estromáticos gastrointestinais originários da camada muscular própria, de janeiro de 2012 a junho de 2015, foi tratado com EFR. Os pacientes foram acompanhados com gastroscópio e tomografia computadorizada (TC) para avaliação de efeitos terapêuticos e segurança. RESULTADOS: A EFR foi realizada com sucesso para remover todos os tumores em 46 pacientes. O tempo médio de procedimento foi de 82,5±39,8 min (56-188 min). Exceto em três leiomiomas, exame patológico confirmou tumor estromal gastrointestinal (Gist) em 43 casos. Em nenhum paciente ocorreu sangramento, peritonite e outras complicações após EFR. Posteriormente, todos os pacientes foram acompanhados com gastroscópio após um, seis e 12 meses. CONCLUSÕES: A EFR é eficaz e segura para pacientes com tumores gastrointestinais originários da camada muscular própria e tem a vantagem de ser um tratamento menos invasivo e com maior taxa de ressecção tumoral. Deve ser considerada para posterior aplicação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastric Mucosa/surgery , Leiomyoma/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnostic imaging , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Leiomyoma/pathology , Middle Aged
5.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 455-456,460, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705558

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current situation of intravenous infusions of outpatients in our hospital to obtain the infor-mation and data of infusion characteristics in order to provide the basis for the safe and reasonable application of infusions. Methods:Totally 346 cases of outpatients with infusions were selected from the infusion room during May and June in 2017. The rationality of in-fusions was analyzed according to the guidelines of clinical application of antibiotics(2015 edition) and the diagnosis and treatment of related diseases. Results:In the 346 cases of infusion patients,men accounted for 36.13% and women accounted for 63.87%. The order of department ranked top was department of reproductive medicine, dermatology, respiratory medicine and urology respectively accounting for 18.79%,16.47%,13.29% and 10.12%. The order of intravenous infusions ranked top was phloroglucinol,levoflox-acin,moxifloxacin and human serum albumin respectively accounting for 11.46%,8.05%,6.83% and 5.85%. Antimicrobial drugs accounted for 42.77% and the unreasonable prescription accounted for 29.76%. The main unreasonable reasons were without indica-tions,appropriate usage and unsuitable solvent respectively accounting for 51.46%,40.78% and 5.83%. The lack of infusion neces-sity accounted for 10.98%. Conclusion: The irrational proportion in the hospital outpatient intravenous infusion room is high (29.76%),and antibiotics use accounts for higher proportion(42.77%). Most patients still have the necessity of infusion,so outpa-tient infusion can not be canceled,however,management should be strengthened.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1321-1326, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688124

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The diagnosis and treatment of small-bowel diseases is clinically difficult. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic value of double-balloon enteroscopy in small-bowel diseases.</p><p><b>Methods</b>The history and outcomes of 2806 patients who underwent double-balloon enteroscopy from July 2004 to April 2017 were reviewed, which included 562 patients with obscure digestive tract bleeding, 457 patients with obscure diarrhea, 930 patients with obscure abdominal pain, 795 patients with obscure weight loss, and 62 patients with obscure intestinal obstruction. Examinations were performed through the mouth and/or anus according to the clinical symptoms and abdominal images. If a lesion was not detected through one direction, examination through the other direction was performed as necessary. Eighty-four patients with small-bowel polyps, 26 with intestinal obstruction caused by enterolith, and 18 with bleeding from Dieulafoy's lesions in the small intestine were treated endoscopically.</p><p><b>Results</b>A total of 2806 patients underwent double-balloon enteroscopy, and no serious complications occurred. An endoscopic approach through both the mouth and anus was used in 212 patients. Lesions were detected in 1696 patients, with a detection rate of 60.4%; the rates for obscure digestive tract bleeding, diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight loss, and intestinal obstruction were 85.9% (483/562), 73.5% (336/457), 48.2% (448/930), 49.1% (390/795), and 62.9% (39/62), respectively. For patients with small-bowel polyps who underwent endoscopic therapy, no complications such as digestive tract bleeding and perforation occurred. Intestinal obstruction with enteroliths was relieved with endoscopic lithotripsy. Among the 18 patients with bleeding from small-bowel Dieulafoy's lesions, 14 patients were controlled with endoscopic hemostasis.</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>Double-balloon enteroscopy is useful for diagnosing and treating some small-bowel disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Double-Balloon Enteroscopy , Methods , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Humans , Intestinal Diseases , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Intestinal Obstruction , Intestine, Small , Diagnostic Imaging , Leiomyosarcoma , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Lymphoma , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Polyps , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Young Adult
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1455-1459, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231755

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Gastric stromal tumors arising from the muscularis propria are located in deeper layers. Endoscopic resection may be contraindicated due to the possibility of perforation. These tumors are therefore usually removed by surgical or laparoscopic procedures. This study evaluated the curative effects, safety and feasibility of endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR) of gastric stromal tumors originating from the muscularis propria.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study enrolled 92 patients with gastric stromal tumors >2.5 cm originating from the muscularis propria. Fifty patients underwent EFR, and 42 underwent laparoscopic intragastric surgery. Operation time, complete resection rate, length of hospital stay, incidence of complications, and recurrence rates were compared in these two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>EFR resulted in complete resection of all 50 gastric stromal tumors, with a mean procedure time of 85 ± 20 min, a mean hospitalization time of 7.0 ± 1.5 days and no complications. Laparoscopic intragastric surgery also resulted in a 100% complete resection rate, with a mean operation time of 88 ± 12 min and a mean hospitalization period of 7.5 ± 1.6 days. The two groups did not differ significantly in operation time, complete resection rates, hospital stay or incidence of complications (P > 0.05). No patient in either group experienced tumor recurrence.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EFR technique is effective and safe for the resection of gastric stromal tumors arising from the muscularis propria.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Gastric Mucosa , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2435-2439, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322182

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Gastric stromal tumors are the most common type of tumor originating from mesenchymal tissue. The traditional method for the treatment of gastric stromal tumor is surgical operation or therapeutic laparoscopy. More recently, endoscopic micro-traumatic surgery has become possible for gastric stromal tumors, with any perforation caused by endoscopic therapy mended endoscopically. We assessed the effectiveness of endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR) in the treatment of gastric stromal tumors arising from the muscularis propria.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Of the 42 gastric stromal tumors, each > 2.0 cm in diameter, arising from the muscularis propria, 22 were removed by EFR and 20 by laparoscopic surgery. Tumor expression of CD34, CD117, Dog-1, S-100, and smooth muscle actin (SMA) was assessed immunohistochemically. Operating time, complete resection rate, length of hospital stay, incidence of complications, and recurrence rates were compared between the two groups. Continuous data were compared by using independent samples t-tests and categorical data by using χ(2) tests.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Comparisons of the 22 gastric stromal tumors treated with EFR and the 20 treated with laparoscopic surgery showed similar operation times (60 - 155 minutes (mean, (90 ± 17) minutes) vs. 50 - 210 minutes (mean, (95 ± 21) minutes), P > 0.05), complete resection rates (100% vs. 95%, P > 0.05), and length of hospital stay (4 - 10 days (mean, (6.0 - 1.8) days) vs. 4 - 12 days (mean, (7.3 - 1.7) days), P > 0.05). None of the patients treated with EFR experienced complications, whereas one patient treated with laparoscopy required a conversion to laparotomy and one experienced postoperative gastroparesis. No recurrences were observed in either group. Immunohistochemical staining showed that of the 42 gastric stromal tumors diagnosed by gastroscopy and endoscopic ultrasound, six were leiomyomas (SMA-positive) and the remaining 36 were stromal tumors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Gastric stromal tumors arising from the muscularis propria can be completely removed by EFR. EFR may replace surgical or laparoscopic procedures for the removal of gastric stromal tumors.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Chemistry , General Surgery , Gastroscopy , Methods , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Stomach Neoplasms , Chemistry , General Surgery
9.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2012 Apr; 50(4): 282-289
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-145252

ABSTRACT

Oleaginous microbial strains were cultivated to identify the best oil-producing strain amongst Yarrowia lipolytica (CGMCC 2.1398), Lipomyces starkeyi (CGMCC 2.1608), Rhodosporidium toruloides (CGMCC 2.1389), Mortierella isabellina (CGMCC 3.3410), Cunninghamella blakeleana (CGMCC 3.970), and Mycobacterium QJ311. A method for rapid determination of oil content and fatty acid composition was established to identify the optimum oil-producing strains. This method had a relative standard deviation of 4.09%, an average recovery ratio of 97.09% and a detection limit of 0.1–1.0 g. Mortierella isabellina CGMCC 3.3410 was identified as the best oil-producing strain amongst the six strains tested, with a total biomass of 75 g/10 L and a lipid content of 35%. A rapid screening method of oleaginous microorganisms is discussed for the first time.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 776-780, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279836

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>In the recent years, the incidence of esophageal cancer in China has increased. The key point for raising the survival rate is the diagnosis and treatment at an early stage. Narrow-band imaging (NBI) can enhance the contrast of the mucous membrane of the esophagus without staining. This study aimed to explore the value of NBI in the diagnosis of early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The esophagus was examined with ordinary endoscopy and NBI endoscopy. Pit patterns and blood capillary forms were examined with routine magnifying endoscopy and NBI endoscopy. Finally, a 1.2% Lugoul's iodine solution was used to stain the esophageal mucosal surface and a biopsy was taken at all the sites where NBI or iodine staining was positive. NBI and iodine staining scales were compared with pathologic diagnosis, which was considered as the gold standard.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 90 cases (138 lesions in total) were diagnosed as early esophageal cancer or precancerous lesions; 104 lesions (75.4%) were detected with ordinary endoscopy, 120 lesions (87.0%) were detected with NBI endoscopy, and 138 lesions (100%) were detected with iodine staining. The lesion detection rate of NBI was significantly lower than that of iodine staining (chi(2) = 17.176, P < 0.01). However, there was no significant difference between NBI and iodine staining for the diagnosis of high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (chi(2) = 1.362, P > 0.05), while the detection rate of NBI was significantly lower than that of iodine staining for the diagnosis of low grade intraepithelial neoplasia (chi(2) = 13.388, P < 0.01). The pit pattern and blood capillary form of early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions could be demonstrated clearer with NBI than with ordinary endoscopy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NBI can enhance the contrast of the mucous membrane of the esophagus without staining. The combination of NBI and iodine staining can raise the diagnostic rate of early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Esophagoscopy , Methods , Esophagus , Pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Precancerous Conditions , Diagnosis , Pathology
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2967-2972, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265978

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been used increasingly for the treatment of choledocholithiasis, gallstone pancreatitis, and benign or malignant bile duct or pancreatic duct stenosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate ERCP for the diagnosis and therapy of biliary-pancreatic diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 2075 patients who underwent diagnostic and therapeutic ERCP from June 2001 to March 2009 were analyzed retrospectively. Achievement and complication rates were calculated, and the therapeutic effect was observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In all the 64 cases who underwent diagnostic ERCP, the procedure was successful, in 2011 cases therapeutic ERCP was performed, and the success rate was 94.6%. In the therapeutic ERCP cases, 1434 (93.0%) were successful among the 1542 cases of choledocholithiasis, and 422 (90.0%) of the 469 cases with benign or malignant bile duct or pancreatic duct stenosis, or acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis with stent placement or endoscopic nasobiliary drainage were successful. Fifty-nine (90.8%) cases of the 65 who underwent a pre-cut for pancreatic sphincterotomy were successful. Complication rate was 5.1% and the most frequent complication was acute pancreatitis (4.4%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ERCP is one of the major diagnostic and therapeutic methods for biliary-pancreatic disease. Therapeutic ERCP is a minimally invasive, safe and effective treatment method for various biliary-pancreatic diseases.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biliary Tract Diseases , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Diseases , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Therapeutics
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 977-982, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258529

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Colon cancer is a common malignant tumor in the clinic with an incidence rate that is increasing in recent years. The key point for improving the survival rate is the diagnosis and treatment at an early stage. The purpose of this study was to compare the difference of the Fuji Intelligent Chromo Endoscopy (FICE) and staining technique for the diagnosis of colon tumors and non-tumor lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March to November 2007, 654 patients were examined with ordinary colonoscopy. Among them 223 patients with colon neoplasm or polypoid lesion were included. The patients were examined with a magnifying ordinary colonoscopy, a magnifying FICE technique and magnifying staining technique. The pit pattern and blood capillary form of the lesion were examined, an endoscopic diagnosis was made and it was compared with the pathologic diagnosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four hundred and fifty-one neoplasms were detected in the 223 patients, among those 91.1% (411/451) were detected with the magnifying ordinary endoscopy while 99.1% (447/451) were detected with the FICE technique; there was a significant difference between the two methods. FICE could clearly show the structure and form of mucosal blood capillaries (P < 0.01) but there was no significant difference between the two methods for showing the pit pattern. The coincident rate of FICE for the diagnosis of tumor and non-tumor lesions was 91.6% (413/451), that of the magnifying staining technique was 82.0% (370/451) (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Magnifying FICE could show the mucosal microstructure and blood capillary form and it had a superiority of high coincident rate, high sensitivity and specificity when compared with ordinary magnifying colonoscopy and magnifying staining endoscopy. In addition, it was easy to operate and a biopsy could be taken from the target, so it has a satisfactory clinical practical value.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colonic Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Colonoscopy , Methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Staining and Labeling , Methods
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2075-2080, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255440

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>X-ray of the digestive tract and radionuclide examination could not accurately detect diseases of the small intestine. Double-balloon enteroscopy has been used to increase the detection rate of these diseases in addition to endoscopic biopsy and therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine the value of double-balloon enteroscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the small intestine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 258 double-balloon enteroscopies via the mouth and/or anus were performed in 208 patients. If no lesion was detected on one side (mouth or anus), examination on the other side (anus or mouth) was made. If active small intestinal bleeding was detected, endoscopic hemostasis was done to treat the bleeding.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 208 patients, 50 were subjected to double-balloon enteroscopy via both mouth and anus. Lesions were detected in 151 patients, giving a rate of 72.6% (151/208). The detection rates for obscure digestive tract bleeding, diarrhea, abdominal pain and weight loss were 90.2% (92/102), 64.9% (24/37), 48.5% (16/33) and 43.3% (13/30), respectively. Lesions of the 151 patients were confirmed by endoscopic biopsy, surgery, clinical studies, and follow-up. In the 102 patients with bleeding of the digestive tract, active bleeding was detected in 27 patients. Endoscopic hemostasis was successful in 25 of them (92.6%, 25/27). No serious complications occurred in all the patients, the average time for the procedure was 100 minutes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Double-balloon enteroscopy is safe, effective in the diagnosis of diseases of the small intestine in addition to endoscopic therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Methods , Female , Hemostasis , Humans , Intestinal Diseases , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 36-40, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Esophagogastric variceal bleeding caused by cirrhosis is a kind of emergent condition in the clinic. This study was conducted to explore the therapeutic effect and superiority of embolization of gastric fundus varices combined with endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) of esophageal varices for the treatment of patients with esophagogastric variceal bleeding caused by cirrhosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 172 patients were diagnosed by endoscopic examination within 24 hours of hospitalization with active gastric fundus variceal bleeding and grade II above esophageal varices caused by cirrhosis. Other causes leading to upper digestive tract bleeding were excluded. Patients were randomly divided into a control group (n = 82) and a therapy group (n = 90) following a random number table method. For the former, embolization for gastric fundus varices was performed, then an EVL for esophageal varices was performed 2 months later. For the therapy group, embolization for gastric fundus varices and EVL for esophageal varices were performed at the same time.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The rate of emergency hemostasis in the therapy group was 100.0%, higher than that in the control group (87.8%, P < 0.05). The rate of early rebleeding in the therapy group was 6.7% while the rate in the control group was 23.6% (P < 0.05). No complications related to treatment occurred in both groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Embolization for gastric fundus varices combined with EVL for esophageal varices is a safe and effective method for the treatment of patients with esophagogastric variceal bleeding caused by cirrhosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Therapeutics , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Therapeutics , Hemostasis , Humans , Ligation , Liver Cirrhosis , Male , Middle Aged
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