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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283060


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between job burnout and cognitive function and the influencing factors of job burnout among medical staff.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Questionnaire survey was conducted for 197 medical workers in a grade-three general hospital in Beijing. Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) was carried out to assess the degree of job burnout among medical staff; Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) was used to evaluate the overall cognitive function and cognitive situations of different dimensions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) There was a certain level of job burnout among medical staff, especially for the emotional exhaustion dimension (13.29 ± 7.67). (2) High level job burnout group (81.08 ± 12.34) scored lower on visual span than low level job burnout group (92.48 ± 19.62), P<0.05. Overall, job burnout had a negative influence on the general cognitive function (P<0.05). (3) The results of regression analysis indicated that, inefficacy was negatively correlated with age (r=-0.162, P<0.05). Job burnout was positively correlated with level of education (r=0.234, P<0.05) as well as exercise frequency (r=0.320, P< 0.001), and emotional exhaustion was correlated with overtime work (r=0.135, P<0.05); Level of job burnout stayed higher among doctors and nurses, compared with administration staff in hospitals (t=2.966, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Job burnout of medical staff was relatively in high level; influenced by age, education level, overtime work, exercise frequency and occupational type, job burnout affected the visual span and general cognitive function.</p>

Humans , Burnout, Professional , Cognition , Hospitals , Medical Staff , Psychology , Nurses , Physicians , Psychology , Regression Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441740


BACKGROUND:Clinical treatment of hemivertebrae-induced congenital scoliosis is a complex medical problem. OBJECTIVE:To find the optimal treatment for hemivertebrae accompanied by congenital scoliosis. METHODS:Total y 142 hemivertebrae patients who had received surgical treatment in the Department of Orthopedics, the 306 Hospital of Chinese PLA, China from 2010 to 2012 were enrol ed. The main surgical treatment was hemivertebrae resection and bone fusion with internal fixation, apical osteotomy for severe scoliosis and spinal shortening with internal fixation, one-stage posterior thoracolumbar osteotomy with internal fixation, spinal decompression with internal fixation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:After treatment, the average correction rate was 70.9%for scoliosis and 71.7%for kyphosis. The fol ow-up period was 14-35 months, with an average of 23.4 months. By the end of the final fol ow-up, the loss rate for Cobb’s angle was 7.3%for scoliosis and 7.7%for kyphosis. Fol ow-up X-ray films showed bone fusion and internal fixation without loosening, fracture, and decompensation. Implementation of one-stage posterior thoracolumbar osteotomy with internal fixation can effectively correct hemivertebrae-induced kyphoscoliosis to obtain a satisfactory spinal sagittal and coronal balance.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439754


BACKGROUND:Orthopedic osteotomy at the apex of kyphosis is best for treatment of ankylosing spondylitis from a biomechanical aspect, but there is a high risk for intraoperative spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVE:To explore the clinical efficacy of vertebral plate osteotomy+vertebra osteotomy+long-segment pedicle screw fixation in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis with kyphotic deformity. METHODS:Thirty-six patients with ankylosing spondylitis were subjected to pedicle subtraction osteotomy and Smith-Peterson osteotomy, and then fol owed up for 3 months to 2 years. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:After implantation, sagittal imbalance did not occur in 36 patients, and the improvement rate of sagittal imbalance was 64%. The improvement rates of thoracolumbar kyphosis and chin-brow vertical angle were 60%and 98%, respectively. The pain relief rate was 64%, and the Oswestry Disability Index was 95%. There were no pul ed nails, broken nails and broken robs after implantation. These findings indicate that the combination of selective osteotomy technique and long-segment internal fixation can achieve stable fixation effects, prevent sagittal imbalance, and avoid the occurrence of pul ing nails, breaking nails and breaking robs caused by osteoporosis.

Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 298-299, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402988


This paper summarizes the experiences of observation and nursing of postoperative complications in 28 patients underwent orthopedic surgery for correction of severe kyphoscoliosis,the Cobb's angle was(150.0±25.3)°. Postoperative nursing focused on monitoring of patients' vital signs,observation of the feeling and motor function of lower limbs and wound drainage,nursing care of gastrointestinal reaction and respiratory complications. The postoperative complications were controlled effectively after timely treatment. There was no any severe complications of spine-cord injury after stage-II surgery.