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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different lipid-lowering regimens on blood lipids, endothelial function and safety in patients with unstable angina.Methods:Patients who admitted to Henan Provincial People's Hospital for unstable angina from September 2018 to May 2019 were randomly (random number) divided into the conventional treatment group, intensive statin group and intensive lipid-lowering group. Follow-up was performed at 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment according to the predetermined lipid-lowering regimen. Assessments included lipid profile, liver function, muscle enzymes, hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), endothelial function (reactive hyperemia index, RHI), ischemic events, myalgia, and discontinuation. The differences of the follow-up indicators among the three groups were analyzed.Results:A total of 375 patients were enrolled and randomly divided into three groups, 125 patients in each group. There were no significant differences in demographic data and medication among the three groups. At the 1st month, the low density lipoprotein cholesterin (LDL-C) compliance rate of the intensive statin group was significantly higher than those in the conventional treatment group ( χ2=3.939, P=0.047) and the intensive lipid-lowering group ( χ2=4.63, P=0.031). At the 3rd month, the reductions of LDL-C in the intensive statin group and the intensive lipid-lowering group were significantly better than that in the conventional treatment group( P<0.01). At the 6th month, the reduction rate of LDL-C in the intensive lipid-lowering group was higher than that in the intensive statin group ( q=4.332, P<0.01). At the 1st month, the improvement of hs-CRP and RHI in the intensive statin group was significantly better than that in the conventional treatment group( q=4.133, P<0.05). From the 3rd month of treatment, the incidence of cardiovascular events in the intensive statin group and the intensive lipid-lowering group showed a tendency to decrease compared with the conventional treatment group, but no statistically significant difference was found. At the 6th months of treatment, the withdrawal rates were significantly higher in the intensive statin group and the intensive lipid-lowering group than that in the conventional treatment group (χ 2=4.488, P=0.03 and χ2=5.039, P=0.02). There were no significant differences in the ratio of liver enzyme and muscle enzyme elevation and the incidence of myalgia among the three groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Intensive statin therapy can make LDL-C reach the standard in patients with unstable angina pectoris as soon as possible, significantly improve inflammation indicators and endothelial function, and has good safety.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911761

ABSTRACT

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the most common causes of death for patients with cardiovascular diseases. General practitioners are the providers of primary medical and health service, it its worthwhile to discuss their role positioning in the prevention and control system of SCD. In this study, SWOT analysis was used to explore the strength, weakness, opportunity and threats of the involvement of general practitioners in SCD prevention and control system, to clarify the roles of general practitioners and to provide suggestions for the improvement and development of SCD prevention and control system in China.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the status general practice residency training and career choice of trainees in Henan Province.Methods:From December 2017 to February 2018, 332 trainees from the first general practice residency training program (2014-2017) were enrolled in the study. The self- administered questionnaire included the demographic information and the current career status. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of the career choice when their completed the training.Results:Of 332 participants, there were 167 participants designated by the institutions and the others were directly enrolled by the program. The designated participants were from the 56 medical institutions in Henan. The percentage of participants from the tertiary hospitals was 75.5% (126/167), which was much higher than that from the secondary hospitals (24.5%,41/167). There were 24 participants who did not have a work six months after graduation. Of the 308 employed participants, there were only 111 (36.0%, 111/308) working in the department of general practice, and 197 (64.0%, 197/308) working in other departments. The participants designated by the institutions and with the post-graduate degrees preferred to choose other specialties, instead of the general practice. The reasons were that there was no department of general practice in their institutions or the participants had been designated to the other departments (57.9%, 114/197).Conclusion:The survey suggests that the general practice residency training program should enroll trainees mainly from the medical graduates in order to improve the effectiveness of general practitioner residency training and the allocation of health resources in Henan Province.

4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 509-513, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869415

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between plasma homocysteine level and renal dysfunction in elderly patients with coronary heart disease(CHD).Methods:Eight hundreds and fifty-eight elderly patients with CHD were enrolled at cardiology department of our hospital from January 2015 to July 2017.The patients were divided into the renal insufficiency(RI, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)<60 ml/min)group and the non-kidney disease(NKD)group.Using the random number table, the RI group was randomly sub-grouped into the intervention group and the placebo group.The intervention group was treated with folic acid(10 mg/d), vitamin B6(10 mg/d)and vitamin B12(1 mg/d), while the placebo group was given oral placebo.Serum homocysteine(Hcy), creatinine(Cr), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG)and hemoglobin(Hb)were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlations of Hcy with Cr, BUN and eGFR between the RI and NKD groups.Plasma Hcy, Cr, BUN and Hb levels before, and 6, 12 months after treatment were determined and compared between the two subgroups.Staging of renal function was analyzed and clinical effect was evaluated 12 months after treatment in the two subgroups.Results:Serum levels of Hcy, Cr and BUN were higher( t=3.174, 4.857 and 2.644, all P=0.000)and the level of eGFR was lower( t=-2.867, P=0.000)in the RI group than in the NKD group.Plasma Hcy level was positively correlated with plasma levels of Cr and BUN( r=0.308 and 1.214, all P=0.000)and negatively correlated with the eGFR level( r=-0.148, P=0.003). There was no significant difference in plasma Hcy, Hb, Cr and BUN levels between the intervention and placebo group before treatment( P>0.05). At each monitoring time point, serum levels of Hcy, Cr and BUN were decreased continuously in the intervention group( F=314.527, 234.861 and 176.332, P=0.012, 0.000 and 0.006), while plasma Hcy level had no significant change and plasma levels of Cr and BUN were increased continuously in the placebo group( F=196.427, 223.753 and 314.552, P=0.216, 0.000 and 0.002). After 12 months of treatment, plasma levels of Hcy, Cr and BUN were lower in the intervention group than in the placebo group( t=1.284, 0.779 and 2.541, P=0.016, 0.000 and 0.005). There was no significant difference in plasma Hb level between the two subgroups before and after treatment( F=113.764, P=0.182). There was no significant difference in the renal function staging between the two subgroups before treatment( χ2=4.263, P=0.119), while it was improved in the intervention group versus in the placebo group at the end of follow-up( χ2=73.599, P=0.000). Conclusions:The high level of plasma Hcy can be regarded as an independent risk factor for renal insufficiency, and has a correlation with the renal disease progression and prognosis in elderly patients with CHD.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of health management based on cloud platform for population with high-risk of coronary heart disease (CHD).Methods:In this study, self-control method was used to study the high-risk group of CHD in two community outpatient clinics in Jinshui District, Zhengzhou through cloud platform. One year later, the clinical indicators, the degree of mastering CHD prevention knowledge andthe medicine compliance of the group were evaluated. Finally, the feasibility and acceptance of cloud platform management were evaluated through questionnaire survey.Results:A total of 272 people were enrolled intothe group. After one year of cloud platform management, the blood lipid, uric acid, homocysteine and fasting blood glucose in the group weresignificantly improved (all P<0.05), but the glycosylated hemoglobin was not significantly reduced [(6.4±1.2)% vs.(6.3±1.1)%, P>0.05]. The degree of mastering CHD prevention knowledgewas significantly improved, and the medicine compliance was not significantly improved [(5.0±1.6) vs. (5.0±1.5), P>0.05]. Questionnaire survey showed that 228 (83.8%) of the patients had a high acceptance of cloud platform management, and 208 (76.5%) of the group wanted to continue to use cloud platform for health management. Conclusions:Health management based on cloud platform can improve the clinical index control of the high-risk population of CHD, and help the high-risk population to master the relevant knowledge of CHD prevention. Some functions of cloud platform need to be further improved.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866426

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the knowledge situation of sudden cardiac death (SCD) among general practitioners (GPs) and provide the suggestions on the prevention and treatment of SCD basis for GPs.Methods:A self-designed questionnaire on SCD-related knowledge was used for GPs in He′nan province, including GPs in the training program and working in rural areas.The questionnaire included three dimensions of SCD-related knowledge on prevention, early diagnosis and emergency treatment.There were 5 questions for each dimension, with a total score of 15 points for all 15 questions.Statistical analysis was performed using t test, analysis of variance and Chi-square test. Results:A total of 124 GPs were included in the cross-sectional survey, including 63 GP trainers and 61 rural GPs.The GPs had the low level of SCD-related knowledge of prevention, early diagnosis and emergency treatment, with an overall score of 8.03 (SD=2.58). The score of GP trainers was significantly higher than that of rural GPs in all three dimensions [(3.44±0.89)points vs.(2.19±1.06)points, (2.67±0.91)points vs.(1.43±0.80)points, (3.54±0.94)points vs.(2.84±1.30)points, t=7.13, 8.11, 3.45, all P<0.001]. Rural GPs had a significantly higher correct rate of " choice of early screening examinations" and " first-aid measures for cardiac arrest" than GP trainers (50.8% vs.9.8%, 88.9% vs.26.2%, χ 2=24.79, 49.02, all P<0.001). Conclusion:GPs have low levels of SCD-related knowledge.The training for the GPs should be targeted on the weak points of knowledge on the primary prevention and secondary prevention of SCD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-841725

ABSTRACT

Objetive: To investigate the effects of endothelin B receptor (E T B R) agonist on the biological behaviors of cementoblast cell line OCCM-30 of the mice, and to provide the experimental basis for odontogenic root restoration. Methods: The cementoblasts of the mice in logarithmic growth phase were selected and divided into experiment group and control group. The cells in experiment group were treated with ETBR agonist at a concentration of 10 -4 mol • L -1, and the cells in control group did not receive any treatment. MTT method was used to detect the inhibitory rates of proliferation of the cementoblasts in two groups at different time points 24, 48, and 72 h). Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptotic rates of cells in two groups different time points (24, 48, and 72 h); alkaline phosphatase staining and alizarin red staining were performed to detect the cell differentiation and mineralization; real-time PCR was used to determine the expression levels of differentiation-related or mineralization-related genes such as Runx2, BSP, OCN, Coll, and Osterix. Results: MTT assay showed that compared with control group, the inhibitory rates of proliferation of the cells in experimental group were significantly increased after cultured for 24, 48 and 72 h (P

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743240

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of troponin Ⅰ (anti-cTnⅠ) autoantibodies on the quality of life and prognosis in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.Methods Patients hospitalized in Henan Provincial People's Hospital for ischemic cardiomyopathy from June 2016 to June 2017 were enrolled.At the same time,physical examiners were selected as the control group.Anti-cTnⅠ autoantibodies were detected in the serum from the patients and control group,which were expressed as the OD value.After six months,all patients were followed up,including death,times of readmission,instrument treatment (CRT-P or CRT-D) or heart transplantation,and quality of life questionnaire (SF-36).The effect of anti-cTnⅠ autoantibodies on the prognosis and quality of life were analyzed.Results In 127 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy,the OD value of anti-cTnI autoantibodies were significantly higher than that in the control group[(0.55 ± 0.24) vs (0.46 ± 0.07),P<0.05].With a positive standard of more than 0.67,26 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy were tested positive for anti-cTnⅠ autoantibodies,with a positive rate of 20.5%.After 6 months of outpatient or telephone follow-up,9 patients were lost to follow-up,and 118 patients were followed up,including 24 patients with positive anti-cTnⅠ autoantibodies.Compared with patients with negative anti-cTnⅠ autoantibodies,the times of readmission in patients with positive anti-cTnⅠ autoantibodies increased significantly[(1.42 ± 0.79)vs (0.30 ± 0.55),P<0.01] and the physiological function was decreased significantly[(56 ± 19.4) vs (67 ± 20.8),P=0.032].The physiological function,vitality and social function of patients with reduced ejection fraction in the anti-cTnⅠ autoantibodies positive group were significantly worse than those in the anti-cTnI autoantibodies negative group,but there was no significant difference in quality of life between the anti-cTnⅠ autoantibodies positive and negative groups in the patients with preserved and median ejection fraction.Conclusions Patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy of seropositivity for anti-cTnⅠ autoantibodies have worse prognosis and quality of life,especially in those with reduced ejection fraction.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 795-799, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755416

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of agonist of angiotensin-(1-7)(AVE0991) on endothelial function and atherogenesis in apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE-/-) mice.Methods Eight-week-old ApoE-/-male mice and C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into 3 groups:a normal diet control group(ND,n=10),a high-fat diet group(HFD,n=10),and a high-fat diet with AVE0991 0.58 μmol · kg-1 · d-1 group(HFD+ AVE0991,n=10).After 12 weeks of treatment,serum levels of lipids and parameters of endothelial function were measured.Atherosclerotic lesions in aorta roots were detected by Oil Red O staining.CD31 levels in the arterial intima were analyzed by immunohistochemistry.Results AVE0991 had no effects on blood lipids (P > 0.05)but lowered serum levels of nitric oxide in high-fat diet mice(76.8±34.4 μmol/L vs.116.8±33.9 μmol/L,P<0.05).Also,AVE0991 had no effects on the activity of serum nitric oxide synthase(19.5±5.7 U/ml vs.17.9±3.3 U/ml,P>0.05)but decreased the activity of serum induced nitric oxide synthase(9.0 ±2.3 U/ml vs.12.7 ± 3.2 U/ml,P <0.05) and increased the ratio of phosphorylated endothelial nitric oxide synthase to induced nitric oxide synthase in the vessel wall in high-fat diet mice(0.8±0.2% vs.0.6 ± 0.2%,P < 0.05).AVE0991 decreased serum levels of C-reactive protein,tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 (P < 0.05),and decreased the area percentage of atherosclerotic lesions in aorta roots (15.6 ± 3.3 % vs.45.4 ± 9.8 %,P < 0.05) and increased the integrated optical density of CD31 in the arterial intima in high-fat diet mice(54.1±11.0% vs.28.7±10.6%,P<0.05)Conclusions AVE0991 can attenuate atherogenesis in ApoE-/-mice fed a high-fat diet,possibly via reducing inflammatory response,regulating the activity of nitric oxide synthases and improving endothelial functions.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 676-679, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709333

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of a mobile-phone based two-way referral system on the timing of myocardial reperfusion and on a prognosis of patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction(STEMI). Methods Patients with STEMI were divided into an intervention group whose first admission clinics were equipped with a telemedicine system at the first medical contact(FMC) ,and a control group without a telemedicine system at FMC. The rate of heart failure and cardiac death during hospitalization ,every time point of transporting process ,the value of left ventricular ejection fractions(LVEF)measured at 24 h ,and length of hospital stay were collected and compared. Results In comparison of intervention versus control group ,the timing of myocardial reperfusion at every time point was shorter ( P < 0.05 ) ,the value of LVEF within 24 h was significantly lower[(46.8 ± 3.9)%]vs[(50.3 ± 5.1)%](t= 2.32 ,P< 0.05) ,the cardiac mortality was lower(4% vs 7%) ,without statistical significance(χ2=0.19 ,P=0.66) ,and the length of hospital stay were lower[(6.35 ± 3.68)d]vs[(8.64 ± 5.19)d]without statistical significance (t= 2.75 ,P=0.01). Conclusions A mobile-phone based telemedicine can significantly shorten the time delay of myocardial reperfusion in patients with STEMI ,improve heart function in acute stage ,and reduce the length of hospital stay.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of ursolic acid (UA) on the proliferation and differentiation of osteoclasts (OC), and to explore its role in orthodontic force-induced root resorption and its relationship with OC.Methods:The mononuclear / macrophage cells RAW264.7 were induced to the OC.Tacrolimus acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and bone resorption lacunae observation were used to identify the induction.CCK-8 method was used to select the appropriate concentration of UA for RAW264.7 cell-free biotoxicity and to observe its effect on the proliferation and differentiation of RAW264.7.In experimental groups, UA with gradient concentrations (1.0,2.5,5.0,10.0,20.0and 40.0 μmol·L-1)were added.UA was not added in control group.Results:The TRAP staining and bone resorption lacunae observation showed that after the RAW264.7 cells were induced for 5 d, the TRAP staining positive cells were found;the resorption lacunae were rounded,and oval, etc,the bottom wall was coarser,and the boundary was clear,which indicated that the RAW264.7 cells were successfully differentiated into the osteoclasts.The CCK-8 detection results showed that high concentration of UA (> 10.0 μmol·L-1) significantly inhibited the proliferation of OC;the appropriate concentration of UA (5.0 μmol·L-1) was in the biological safety concentration range and could inhibit the OC proliferation;low concentration of UA (<2.5 μmol·L-1) had no effect.Conclusion:RANKL can induce the differentiation and maturation of RAW264.7 cells.UA is correlated with the proliferation and differentiation of OC;UA has inhibitory effect on OC at the appropriate concentration (5.0 μmol·L-1) in a time-dependent manner.

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 64-67,71, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606155

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between coronary lesions with serum cystatin C (Cys C)and vascular endothelial function(RHI)in the patients with coronary heart disease(CHD).Methods A total of 318 patients receiving coronary angiography(CAG)were selected as the research subjects and divided into the control group(65 cases)and CHD group;then the CHD group was divided into the single-vessel lesion group(77cases),double-vessel lesions group(70c ases),multiple-vessel lesions group(106 cases)according to CAG and the number of disease vessels;the CHD group was re-divided into the low score group(67 cases),middle score group(107 cases)and high score group(79 cases)according to the Gensini score of coronary artery lesions.The vascular endothelial function was evaluated by using peripheral arterial tension (PAT)measurement technique.The reactive hypere-mia index(RHI)was calculated;serum Cys C level was determined by immunoturbidimetry.Results The serum Cys C level was in-creased and RHI level was reduced as the number of lesion vessels increasing,the inter-group comparison showed the statistical difference (P 0.05);the serum Cys C level was increased as the Gensini score increasing,the difference between the groups had statistical significance (P <0.05);the vascular RHI value was reduced as the coronary Gensini score increasing(P <0.05);moreover the Cys C level was positively correlated with the Gensini score (r=0.375,P <0.01);RHI was negatively correlated with corornary Gensi-ni score (r=-0.587,P <0.01 );the serum Cys C was negatively correlated with RHI(r =-0.350,P <0.01 ).Conclusion The vascular endothelial dysfunction and serum Cysc C level increase are associated with coronary lesions in CAD patients,moreover Cys C is negatively correlated with vascular RHI,serum Cys increase may be a predictive index for vascular endothelial function damage in CHD patients.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 60-66, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329754

ABSTRACT

The secretion of melatonin (MT) is obviously different in the younger and the senior sectors of the population, and the maximum plasma concentration of seniors is only half of that in the younger population group. If exogenous MT can be supplied to senior citizens based on the secretion rate and amount of endogenous MT in the younger population by a bio-mimetic drug delivery system (DDS), an improved therapeutic effect and reduced side effects can be expected. Based upon this hypothesis, the pharmacokinetic parameters of MT, namely, the absorption rate constant (k a), the elimination rate constant (k e), and the ratio of absorption rate (F) to the apparent volume of distribution (V) were obtained by a residual method depending on the plasma concentration curve of immediate release preparations in the healthy younger population. The dose-division method was applied to calculate the cumulative release profiles of MT achieved by oral administration of a controlled release drug delivery system (DDS) to generate plasma MT profiles similar to the physiological level-time profiles. The in vivo release of MT deduced from the healthy younger population physiological MT profiles as the pharmacokinetic output of the bio-mimetic DDS showed a two-phase profile with two different zero order release rates, namely, 4.919 μg/h during 0-4 h (r=0.9992), and 11.097 μg/h during 4-12 h (r=0.9886), respectively. Since the osmotic pump type of DDS generally exhibits a good correlation between in vivo and in vitro release behaviors, an osmotic pump controlled delivery system was designed in combination with dry coating technology targeting on the cumulative release characteristics to mimic the physiological MT profiles in the healthy younger population. The high similarity between the experimental drug release profiles and the theoretical profiles (similarity factor f 2>50) and the high correlation between the predicted plasma concentration profiles and the theoretical plasma concentration profiles (r=0.9366, 0.9163, 0.9264) indicated that a prototype bio-mimetic drug delivery system of MT was established. The similarity factors between the experimental drug release profiles and the theoretical release profile were all larger than 50 both in periods of 0-4 h and 4-12 h, namely, 68.8 and 57.3 for the first batch (Batch No. 20131031), 76.7 and 50.2 for the second batch (Batch No. 20131101), and 73.7 and 51.1 for the third batch (Batch No. 20131126), respectively. The correlation coefficients between the predicted plasma concentration profiles based on the release profiles of the bio-mimetic DDS and physiological profiles were 0.9366 (Batch No. 20131031), 0.9163 (Batch No. 20131101), 0.9264 (Batch No. 20131126), respectively. Since the pharmacokinetic profile of MT in any kind of animal differs markedly from that of human beings, it is impossible to test the bio-mimetic DDS in animals directly. Therefore, the predicted pharmacokinetic profile based upon the in vitro release kinetics is an acceptable surrogate for the conventional animal test. In this research, a bio-mimetic DDS for replacement of MT was designed with in silico evaluation.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 392-8, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448773

ABSTRACT

Paracetamol was used as a model drug in this study to investigate the synergetic effects of lipid coating and beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) inclusion for masking the bitter taste of poorly soluble drugs. To control the concentration as low as possible of the free drug which produced a bitter taste, a kinetic model was established to calculate the drug distribution theoretically among the free drug in medium, lipid coated particles and molecular inclusion on the basis of the preparation and characterization of the lipid microspheres, so as to select the proper amount of beta-CD. Finally, the synergetic drug delivery systems were prepared and characterized by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), molecular simulation and the electronic tongue. As a result, the drug release rate constant (k) of the lipid microspheres coated with octadecanol was determined as 0.001 270 s(-1). Then, the synergetic drug delivery systems were prepared with the ratio of 6.74 : 1 (w/w) for beta-CD and paracetamol. The chemical shift values for the fingerprint peaks of paracetamol all increased and hydrogen bonds were formed between the oxygen on the phenolic hydroxyl group, the nitrogen on the imino in paracetamol and the hydrogens on the hydroxyl groups in beta-CD. The results tested by the electronic tongue indicated that the paracetamol, lipid microspheres, beta-CD inclusion and their mixture showed different taste characteristics, with the bitterness order of the synergetic drug delivery systems approximately lipid microspheres < beta-CD inclusion < paracetamol, which confirmed the synergetic taste masking effects of lipid coating and beta-CD molecular inclusion. In summary, the synergetic taste masking was jointly achieved through the retard of the drug release by the lipid coating and the inclusion of the free paracetamol by beta-CD through hydrogen bonds.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1459-63, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445484

ABSTRACT

The crystal form of solid substance had intrinsic correlation with its three dimensional crystal morphology. Based on the characterization of the three dimensional crystal morphology of clopidogrel bisulfate, this research is to establish a model based on the three dimensional morphological parameters. The granular samples composed of polymorphs of clopidogrel bisulfate and microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) were scanned by synchrotron radiation X-ray microscopic CT technology (SR-microCT) and the three dimensional structural models for which were constructed. Seven groups of three dimensional morphological parameters were calculated. Finally, the mathematical model was established with the multi-layer perception (MLP) artificial neutral network methods to identify and predict the polymorphs of clopidogrel bisulfate. The success rate of the model prediction for the polymorphs of clopidogrel bisulfate was 92.7% and the area under the ROC curve was 96.2%. The polymorphs of drugs could be identified and predicted through the numerical description of the three dimensional morphology. The volume, number of the vertices and the surface area were the major determinants for the identification of the polymorphs of clopidogrel bisulfate.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-567408

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relation between the level of serum carbohydrate antigen-125 (CA125) and heart function as well as the myocardial remodeling in patients with congestive heart failure(CHF). Methods 79 patients with CHF were divided into three groups based on the standard of New York Heart Association Classification. 25 healthy persons were served as control group. Level of CA125 was measured by MEIA. NT-proBNP was detected by Roche Cardiac Reading instrument. TNF-? was measured by radioimmunoassay. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI),left atrial volume index (LAVI) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were detected by echocardiography. The levels of CA125,NT-proBNP,TNF-?,LVMI,LAVI and LVEF in different groups were compared.The relationship between CA125 and NT- proBNP,TNF-?,LVMI,LAVI and LVEF was evaluate.Results Levels of CA125,NT-proBNP,TNF-?,LVMI and LAVI in patients with CHF were much higher than those without CHF. The LVEF was much lower in NYHA Ⅲ and NYHA Ⅳ group than that in without CHF and NYHAⅠgroup. Conclusion CA125 was positively associated with the NT-proBNP,TNF-? and LVMI.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-677929

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate whether transdermal scopolamine increased cardiac vagal activity in patients with acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: A random, double blind, and placebo contrast trial was performed. Measures of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients given drugs or placebo were obtained by electrocardiograph and digital 24 h Holter recording before and after treatment. Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) was performed using the phenylephrine method. RESULTS: Patients of acute myocardial infarction with transdermal scopolamine showed a significant increase in HRV time domain parameters and BRS after treatment (P

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 770-772, 2002.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340417

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether transdermal scopolamine increased cardiac vagal activity in patients during the acute phase of myocardial infarction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>30 patients with a first acute myocardial infarction and preserved sinus rhythm who were on no drug that could influence the sinus node were randomly assigned to either treatment group or placebo group. Measures of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients given drug or placebo were obtained by digital 24 hour Holter recording before and after treatment. Baroreflex sensitivity was performed using the phenylephrine method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant differences was found in the indices of the time domain and the frequency domain in both groups before treatment. Patients with transdermal scopolamine showed a significant increase in the standard deviation of normal RR intervals (SDNN), standard deviation of all five min mean normal RR intervals (SDANN), root mean square of differences of successive normal RR intervals (rMSSD), total power (TP, 0.000. - 0.40 Hz), low frequency peak (LF, 0.040 - 0.15 Hz), high frequency peak (HF, 0.15 - 0.40 Hz), and Baroreflex sensitivity after treatment (P < 0.05 - 0.01). These indices did not change in patients given placebo.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Low doses of transdermal scopolamine safely increase cardiac parasympathetic activity and improve autonomic indices in patients with acute myocardial infarction.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Adult , Aged , Baroreflex , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Female , Heart , Heart Rate , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Scopolamine , Pharmacology , Vagus Nerve
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-677836

ABSTRACT

50 ms (PNN 50 ) and the high frequency (HF) in patients with EH were decreased, While the ratio between low frequency and high frequency (LF/HF) were increased. After the treatment of irbesartan, the values of SDNN, RMSSD, PNN 50 , and HF were increased, and the LF/HF was decreased significantly. CONCLUSION: Irbersartan can increase the lowed HRV in patients with EH, which improves the cardiovascular automatic function.

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