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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1272-1275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of outcome-based education (OBE) combined with team-based learning (TBL) in the practice teaching of pediatric emergency and critical care nursing.Methods:A total of 84 nursing students who studied in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of The First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University were selected and divided into control group and observation group. The 41 nursing students in the control group received traditional teaching, and the 43 nursing students in the observation group received OBE+TBL teaching. The two groups were assessed in terms of theoretical knowledge, practical operation ability, clinical thinking ability, and self-learning ability after teaching, and the degrees of satisfaction with teaching and participation in teaching were compared between the two groups. SPSS 22.0 was used for the t-test and the chi-square test. Results:After teaching, the observation group had significantly better theoretical knowledge, practical operation ability, and self-learning ability than the control group ( P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher scores of learning engagement (recognition, behavior, emotion) ( P<0.05) and satisfaction with classroom effect, knowledge mastery, and learning interest ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The application of OBE+TBL teaching in PICU nursing students can effectively improve their self-learning ability and participation and help them to understand PICU nursing priorities and improve their practical operation ability.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 124-128, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936451

ABSTRACT

This paper reviews the coronavirus species and post-infection symptoms of aquatic animals such as marine mammals, ferrets, fish, and waterfowl, analyzes the activity and transmission of coronaviruses in the aquatic environment, compares the homology of aquatic coronaviruses with SARS-CoV-2, and assesses the zoonotic risk. The results showed that aquatic animal coronaviruses were mainly α, γ, δ coronavirus and Alphaletovirus. SARS⁃CoV⁃2 is more similar to marine mammal coronavirus (51.90%-52.30%) and less similar to fish, mink, duck and goose coronavirus (43.30%-47.90%). The risk of transmission of coronaviruses carried by minks and marine mammals to humans is relatively greater, and from fish and waterfowl to humans is relatively small. By elaborating on the situation of coronavirus infection in aquatic animals, this paper is conducive to solving related issues such as the prevention and control of coronavirus epidemics, which is of great significance to ecosystems and public health.

3.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 257-260, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808432

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of the recombinant human tumor necrosis factor receptor Ⅱ-IgG Fc fusion protein (rhTNFR: Fc, etanercept) for the treatment of occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis induced by trichloroethylene (OMLDT) .@*Methods@#In September 2011 to February 2016, 12 patients with OMLDT were treated with etanercept 25 mg, subcutaneous injection, twice per week, doubling of first dose. The course of treatment was 6 weeks. The drug eruption area and severity index (DASI) score, the proportion of patients achieving a 50%, 75% and 90% reduction in DASI (DASI50, DASI75, DASI90) and the serum level of TNF-α were used to assess the efficacy at different times. Adverse reactions were also recorded and evaluated. The results were statistically analyzed by nonparametric Friedman test and repetitive measurement ANOVA using the software SPSS19.0.@*Results@#After 4 weeks treatment, the DASI score decreased form 56.33±7.02 to 0.50±0.91 (P<0.01) . The DASI50, DASI75 and DASI90 were all increased to 12 (100%) . The serum level of TNF-α decreased form (43.74±41.62) pg/ml to (3.03±0.47) pg/ml (P<0.01) . Statistically significant difference was observed from the above indexes. There were no adverse reactions in clinical application.@*Conclusion@#Recombinant human tumor necrosis factor receptor Ⅱ-IgG Fc fusion protein may be a safe and effective drug in the treatment of OMLDT.

4.
Journal of Third Military Medical University ; (24): 1720-1727, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607053

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the killing effect of ethacrynic acid (EA) on lung cancer A549 cells derived spheres and explore the underlying mechanism.Methods A549 spheres were cultured in serum-free medium,and the protein expression of CD133,SOX2,EpCAM and ABCG2 was detected by Western blotting.MTT assay was used to evaluate the cell viability of A549 spheres and A549 cells after treated by 1,2,5,10 and 20 mg/mL cisplatin (DDP) for 48 h.The activity of glutathione S-transferase (GST) was measured by colorimetric method after A549 spheres were treated with 10,50,100 and 200 μmol/L EA,respectively.Flow cytometry,Western blotting,real-time PCR and luciferase assay were used to analyze the levels of cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS),formation of A549 spheres,mRNA and protein expression levels of β-catenin,Sox2 and ABCG2,and promoter activity of β-catenin upon 200 μmol/L EA treated cells for 48 h.A549 sphere was infected with β-catenin adenovirus for 24 h,followed by 200 μmol/L EA treatment (in presence or absence of 5 mg/mL DDP) for 24 h.The expression of β-catenin,Sox2 and ABCG2 at mRNA and protein levels was detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting,and cell growth of A549 spheres was evaluated by MTT assay.Results The A549 spheres,with high expression of tumor stem cells markers CD133,SOX2,EpCAM and drug resistance related molecule ABCG2,and resistance to DDP at different doses,were successfully derived.After 200 μmol/L EA had treated A549 sphere for 48 h,the levels of ROS were significantly increased (P < 0.05),and the mRNA and protein levels of β-catenin,Sox2 and ABCG2,and promoter activity of β-catenin were notably decreased (P < 0.05).The treatment of 200 μmol/L EA enhanced the inhibitory effect on proliferation and the promoting effect on apoptosis in A549 spheres induced by 5 mg/mL DDP (P < 0.05).Up-regulation of β-catenin by adenoviral infection partly reversed the effects of 200 μmol/L EA on suppressing the expression levels of β-catenin,Sox2 and ABCG2,compared to the spheres infected with blank adenovirus.Additionally,β-catenin over-expression significantly remitted the inhibitory effect of 200 μmol/L EA and 5 mg/mL DDP on the proliferation in A549 spheres.Conclusion EA exerts inhibitory effect on the proliferation and stemness of A549 spheres through suppressing GST activity and β-catenin expression,and then promotes cell apoptosis.EA might be a novel drug in treatment of lung cancer and cancer stem cells.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 465-468, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494840

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the treatment effect of a tumor necrosis factor ? alpha antagonist (etanercept) on Stevens?Johnson syndrome induced by drugs. Methods After exclusion of tuberculosis, hepatitis, severe infections and tumors, 17 patients with drug?induced Stevens?Johnson syndrome were treated with subcutaneous injections of 25 mg(initial dose, 50 mg)etanercept once every 3 days for 6 times. Meanwhile, supportive therapies and compound glycyrrhizin injections were given to counteract inflammation and protect the liver. Results All of the patients were cured. Body temperature in 15 febrile patients gradually decreased within 24- 48 hours after the first injection of etanercept, and returned to normal in 72 hours. The number of vesicles stopped increasing, and lesion color turned from bright red to dull red within 24 hours. Skin condition was evidently controlled within 72 hours, and skin appearance almost returned to normal after 2 weeks of treatment, and was completely restored after 4- 5 weeks. The recovery of mucous membrane was slower than that of skin. Serum aminotransferase levels gradually declined after the first dose of etanercept and almost returned to normal in 2-4 weeks in 14 patients. Serum levels of urea nitrogen and creatinine began to decrease after 1- 2 weeks of treatment. The serum level of tumor necrosis factor?alpha nearly dropped into or was maintained in the normal range within 3 weeks after the start of treatment. Conclusion Early usage of tumor necrosis factor?alpha antagonists at an adequate dose is beneficial to the rapid control of Stevens?Johnson syndrome.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 776-778, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420878

ABSTRACT

The first case of acquired syphilitic skull osteitis accompanied by syphilitic meningitis in China is reported.A 55-year-old female presented with a persistent distending pain of the frontal and occipital regions of the skull for two months.T1 weighted magnetic resonance imaging(MR1) showed muhiple lesions in the skull and linear enhancement of the meninge near the lesions.The serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were positive for Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) and rapid plasma reagin circle card test(at the dilutions of 1∶32 and 1∶4 respectively).The levels of leukocyte and protein were 10 ×106/L and 0.82 g/L respectively in CSF.TP DNA was detected in the calvarial periosteum.Histopathological examination of the frontal bone showed focally destructive osteolytic lesions with obscure texture of the bone,hyperemia around the destructive bone tissue and in dura mater-like tissues,proliferation of interstitial fibrous tissue,swelling of endothelial cells and inflammatory infiltration predominantly composed of abundant plasma cells.After managed with routine treatment regimen for neurosyphilis,her headache was relieved 3 days later,nearly disappeared 15 days later,completely disappeared 30 days later.No similar headache recurred.A 5year follow up demonstrated a satisfactory long-term and short-term outcome.She was finally diagnosed with syphilitic skull osteitis complicated by syphilitic meningitis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 765-767, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420875

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the influences of routine-dose loratadine on the positive patch test reaction to nickel sulfate.MethodsA double-blind,controlled and randomized study was carried out.A total of 121 patients with a positive patch test reaction to nickel sulfate were divided into two groups to receive loratadine 10 mg (experimental group,n =61 ) or placebo (control group,n =60) once daily for 14 days.The patch testing of nickel sulfate was performed on day 11,and clinical evaluation of the test was carried out on day 14 after the start of treatment.The intention to treat population was used for data analysis.ResultsNo changes were observed in the intensity of patch test reaction to nickel sulfate in 55 patients in the experimental group or 53 patients in the control group,and there was no significant difference between the two groups in the percentage of patients showing changes in the intensity of patch test reaction(9.8% vs.11.7%,x2 =0.11,P > 0.05).ConclusionThe routine-dose loratadine has no inhibitory effect on the intensity of skin patch test reaction to nickel sulfate.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1336-1338, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398089

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical significance of expression of DcR3/TR6 gene in the tissue of cardiac cancer and its correlation with survivin gene expression, Methods Two-step immnaohistochemistry technology was adopted to detect the expression of TR6 and survivin gene in 66 cases of cardiac cancer, none of the patients received prior chemotherapy. Results The positive expression rate of TR6 and survivin genes in cardiac cancer was 54.5% and 62.1% , respectively. The expression of TR6 was correlated with histology type,clinical stage and lymph node metastasis of cardiac cancer ( P<0.05 ). The positive expression rate of TR6 in cases that cardiac cancer with survivin expressed was significant higher than those without surviving expressed (χ2=15.145, P<0.01 ). Conclusions The expres-sion of TR6 and survivin can be regarded as valuable indicators for the diagnosis and prognosis of cardiac cancer.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-534199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the protective effect of astragaloside on nerve of in vitro and in vivo model of Parkinson disease (PD).METHODS: MPP+ induced PC12 cell injury to establish in vitro PD model.PD mice model was induced by MPTP.MTT assay was used to determine the effect of astragaloside on survival rate of PC12 cell induced by MPP+ and the content of LDH and MDA.The effect of astragaloside on spontaneous behavior and the content of striatal DA and HVA were also detected.RESULTS: 25 ?mol?L-1,50 ?mol?L-1,100 ?mol?L-1 dose of astragaloside inhibited the decrease of survival rate of PC12 cell induced by MPP+ in dose dependent manner.10 ?mol?L-1,20 ?mol?L-1,40 ?mol?L-1 dose of astragaloside can obviously enhanced spontaneous behavior of model mice,and reduced the content of striatal DA and HVA.CONCLUSION: Astragaloside can protect nerve of in vivo PD and in vitro PD model.

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