Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 6 de 6
Add filters

Year range
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965644


ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Danggui Niantongtang (DGNTT) against adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA) in rats with wind-dampness-heat arthralgia (FSR) based on the variation of intestinal flora. MethodA total of 60 SD rats were randomized into normal (control) group, FSR group, low-, medium-, and high-dose DGNTT (5.67, 11.34, 22.68 g·kg-1) groups, and methotrexate (MTX) group (1.35 mg·kg-1), with 10 rats in each group. The rats, except the control group, were injected with Mtb adjuvant and then exposed to artificial climatic chamber (hot and humid with wind) for 64 h for modeling. The rats were treated with water, DGNTT or MTX for 28 days from the day of injection. Arthritis index (AI) of rats was measured and paw volume was determined with a volume meter. The morphology of synovial tissues of the knees was observed based on hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and the changes of intestinal flora were analyzed based on 16S rRNA sequencing. ResultDGNTT can alleviate the hyperplasia of synovial tissue and inflammation of AA rats with FSR and inhibit the formation of pannus. The results of 16S rRNA sequencing showed that the relative abundance of Firmicutes, Lactobacillus, Prevotella 9, and Alloprevotella decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01) and the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes and Bacteroides increased (P<0.01) in FSR group compared those in the control group. Compared with the FSR group, all DGNTT groups and MTX group had high relative abundance of Lactobacillus (P<0.05, P<0.01) and low relative abundance of Bacteroidetes (P<0.01) and medium-dose and high-dose DGNTT groups and MTX group showed high abundance of Firmicutes, Prevotella 9, and Alloprevotella and low abundance of Bacteroides (P<0.05, P<0.01). Spearman's correlation analysis suggested that the abundance of Bacteroides and Helicobacter was in positive correlation with AI (P<0.05), while the abundance of Prevotella 9 and Candidatus Saccharimonas was in negative correlation with AI (P<0.01, P<0.05). There was a negative correlation between the abundance of Prevotella 9 and paw volume (P<0.01), and the abundance of Ruminococcaceae NK4A214 group, Christensenellaceae R-7 group, and Bacteroides was in negative correlation with spleen index (P<0.05). The abundance of Prevotella 9 was in negative correlation with spleen index (P<0.01). ConclusionDGNTT is effective for arthritis with FSR, as it can regulate the composition of intestinal flora in AA rats by increasing the abundance of probiotics and inhibiting the growth of pathogenic bacteria. The mechanism is the likelihood that it improves intestinal immune metabolism to ensure intestinal homeostasis.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940660


ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Danggui Niantongtang (DGNT) against adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats with wind-dampness-heat arthralgia by quantitative proteomics. MethodSixty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, angelica came pain soup low, medium and high dose group and methotrexate (MTX) group, each group of 10, only the rat tail root subcutaneously inactivated mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) of adjuvant to build model of AA, artificial climate box intervention 16 d rheumatic fever bi syndrome model is set up, building the day began to drug intervention, The intervention lasted for 28 days. The proteins of synovial tissues in experimental rats were extracted. The differential proteins in the medium-dose DGNT group and the model group were detected and analyzed by 4D label-free quantification (4D-LFQ) proteomics. The differentially expressed proteins associated with mitochondrial pathway apoptosis were verified by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. ResultA total of 4 756 proteins were identified from rat synovial tissues, of which 4 234 proteins contained quantitative information. There were 814 differential proteins between the model group and the DGNT group. As revealed by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genome (KEGG) enrichment analyses, DGNT had an effect on the synovial proteome of AA rats with wind-dampness-heat arthralgia, and the differential proteins were enriched in the regulation of the immune system, response to acute inflammation, and apoptosis regulation. As demonstrated by the results of immunohistochemistry and Western blot, compared with the model group, the DGNT groups and the MTX group showed increased protein expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)-associated X protein (Bax) and cytochrome C (Cyt C)(P<0.05, P<0.01), reduced Bcl-2 level (P<0.05, P<0.01), elevated level of cleaved cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease 9 (Caspase-9)/Caspase-9 (P<0.01), and decreased level of phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-Akt)/Akt(P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionDGNT involved multiple targets in the treatment of AA with wind-dampness-heat arthralgia and it may exert its effect in the prevention and treatment by regulating the Akt/Bax/Bcl-2 pathway and promoting the cell apoptosis in the mitochondrial pathway.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960403


Background Stroke has become a main cause of death in China. With global warming, the studies on temperature and stroke have attracted much attention. Objective To analyze he relationships between heatwave and the years of life lost (YLL) by different subtypes of stroke by controlling temporal and spatial effects with Bayesian spatio-temporal model, and to study the modifiers of the health effect of heatwave. Methods The daily information of stroke deaths, meteorological data, and air pollutant data in 40 districts and counties of Guangdong Province were collected during the warm seasons (from May to October) in the years from 2014 to 2017. The individual YLL was first calculated by matching age and gender according to the life table, and then the daily YLL rate (person-years/100 000 people) was obtained by summarizing the daily YLL and correcting it with the population of each district or county. Bayesian spatio-temporal model was used to fit a proposed exposure-response relationship between heatwave and the YLL rates of different subtypes of stroke. Finally, stratified analyses were conducted by age (<65 years, ≥65 years), gender (male, female), and region (Pearl River Delta and non-Pearl River Delta regions) to identify the major modifiers for the association between heatwave and stroke mortality. Results During the warm seasons from 2014 to 2017, a total of 23 heatwave events occurred in the 40 districts or counties of Guangdong Province, cumulatively lasting for 145 d. A total of 30 852 stroke deaths were recorded in the same time periods. The average daily YLL rate of total stroke was (2.39±3.63) person-years/100 000 people, and those for hemorrhagic stroke and ischemic stroke were (1.54±2.99) person-years/100 000 people and (0.84±1.85) person-years/100 000 people, respectively. Heatwave was associated with increased YLL rate of stroke in residents, and it had a greater impact on ischemic stroke with a lag effect. The largest cumulative effect of heatwave was at lag 0-1 day, which was associated with an increased YLL rate of total stroke and ischemic stroke by 0.17 (95%CI: 0.03-0.29) person-years/100 000 people and 0.13 (95%CI: 0.06-0.20) person-years/100 000 people, respectively. The results of stratified analyses showed that heatwave had a larger effect on ischemic stroke in residents of aged 65 years or older, male, and non-Pearl River Delta regions, and the rates of YLL increased by 1.11 (95%CI: 0.58-1.55), 0.13 (95%CI: 0.03-0.23), and 0.20 (95%CI: 0.07-0.32) person-years/100 000 people, respectively; Heatwave only had an effect on hemorrhagic stroke in residents aged 65 years or older with an increased YLL rate of 0.79 (95%CI: 0.26-1.31) person-years/100 000 people. Conclusion Heatwave could elevate the level of years of life lost associated with stroke in Guangdong residents, with greater impacts on ischemic stroke of the aged, men, and residents in non-Pearl River Delta regions, and on hemorrhagic stroke in the elderly.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828914


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of decoction (DGNTD) on cell apoptosis and TNF receptor super family 6 (Fas)/caspase-8 pathway in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS).@*METHODS@#FLS isolated from the synovial tissue of RA patients were cultured and identified using immunofluorescence staining. The cells were treated with 10% blank serum (blank control group), 10% sera containing low, moderate or high doses of DGNTD, or 20 μmol/mL KR-33493 (a Fas inhibitor) combined with 10% serum containing high-dose DGNTD. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation of the cells after the treatments. Apoptosis of the cells was detected at 48 h in each group using Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry with annexin V-FITC/PI staining. The mRNA and protein expressions of Fas, FADD, caspase-8 and caspase-3 in the cells at 48 h were detected using qPCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Immunofluorescence staining identified the cultured cells as FLS. Treatment with DGNTD-containing sera significantly inhibited the proliferation of FLS, and the inhibitory effects were enhanced as the dose and intervention time increased ( < 0.05). Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry showed that the sera containing different doses of DGNTD significantly promoted apoptosis of FLS ( < 0.05). The expression levels of Fas, FADD, caspase-8, and caspase-3 at both mRNA and protein levels were significantly increased in the cells after treatment with different doses of DGNTD-containing sera ( < 0.05). The application of KR-33493 obviously reversed the effects of DGNTD on the FLS ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#DGNTD can induce apoptosis of the FLS by activating Fas/caspase-8 signaling pathway.

Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Caspase 8 , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Synovial Membrane , Synoviocytes
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312590


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To characterize the proteomic profiles of joint synovial tissue in normal rats and rats with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and identify the proteins related with the occurrence of RA to explore the pathogenesis of RA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SD rat models of RA were established using Mtb (heat-killed Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra). Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis proteomics technology was employed to analyze the difference in synovial tissue protein profiles between RA model rats and normal rats, and two of the differentially expressed proteins were verified with Western blotting and fluorescence quantitative PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Comparison of the two-dimensional gel electrophoresis patterns from the model rats and normal rats showed 4 up-regulated and 4 down-regulated proteins by 2 folds in the RA model rats. Western blotting and fluorescent quantitative PCR of 2 of the 8 proteins yielded consistent results with those by proteomics analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Arthritis synovial lesions in RA represent very complex pathological processes involving a variety of proteins, and these differentially expressed proteins may contribute to the progression of RA.</p>

Animals , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Metabolism , Blotting, Western , Disease Models, Animal , Disease Progression , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Proteins , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Synovial Membrane , Metabolism , Pathology , Up-Regulation
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-572937


[Objective] To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of Neiguan (PC6) poinl on rnyocardial fibrosis and myocardial contents of collagen type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ in rats with pressure overload. [ Methods ] Rats were randomized to four groups: pseudo-operation group ( group A), model group ( group B) , EA group ( group C) and western medicine group (group D). Pressure-overloaded rat models were established by restriction of abdominal aortic artery. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and blood pressure (BP) in the four groups were observed; the plasma level of angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang Ⅱ ) was detected by radioimmunoassay and myocardial contents of collagen type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ by immunohistochemical staining method. [Results] BP, LVMI, expression levels of Ang If and collagen type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ were increased in group B as compared with those in group A ( P 0.05) . [Conclusion] EA of Neiguan point is effective in preventing and treating myocardial fibrosis induced by pressure overload.