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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 392-404, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011240

ABSTRACT

Nasal drug delivery efficiency is highly dependent on the position in which the drug is deposited in the nasal cavity. However, no reliable method is currently available to assess its impact on delivery performance. In this study, a biomimetic nasal model based on three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction and three-dimensional printing (3DP) technology was developed for visualizing the deposition of drug powders in the nasal cavity. The results showed significant differences in cavity area and volume and powder distribution in the anterior part of the biomimetic nasal model of Chinese males and females. The nasal cavity model was modified with dimethicone and validated to be suitable for the deposition test. The experimental device produced the most satisfactory results with five spray times. Furthermore, particle sizes and spray angles were found to significantly affect the experimental device's performance and alter drug distribution, respectively. Additionally, mometasone furoate (MF) nasal spray (NS) distribution patterns were investigated in a goat nasal cavity model and three male goat noses, confirming the in vitro and in vivo correlation. In conclusion, the developed human nasal structure biomimetic device has the potential to be a valuable tool for assessing nasal drug delivery system deposition and distribution.

2.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 465-481, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999953

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Disrupted bile acid regulation and accumulation in the liver can contribute to progressive liver damage and fibrosis. However, the effects of bile acids on the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) remain unclear. This study investigated the effects of bile acids on HSC activation during liver fibrosis, and examined the underlying mechanisms. @*Methods@#The immortalized HSCs, LX-2 and JS-1cells were used for the in vitro study. in vitro, the adeno-associated viruses adeno-associated virus-sh-S1PR2 and JTE-013 were used to pharmacologically inhibit the activity of S1PR2 in a murine model of fibrosis induced by a 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine (DDC) diet. Histological and biochemical analyses were performed to study the involvement of S1PR2 in the regulation of fibrogenic factors as well as the activation properties of HSCs. @*Results@#S1PR2 was the predominant S1PR expressed in HSCs and was upregulated during taurocholic acid (TCA) stimulation and in cholestatic liver fibrosis mice. TCA-induced HSC proliferation, migration and contraction and extracellular matrix protein secretion were inhibited by JTE-013 and a specific shRNA targeting S1PR2 in LX-2 and JS-1 cells. Meanwhile, treatment with JTE-013 or S1PR2 deficiency significantly attenuated liver histopathological injury, collagen accumulation, and the expression of fibrogenesis-associated genes in mice fed a DDC diet. Furthermore, TCAmediated activation of HSCs through S1PR2 was closely related to the yes-associated protein (YAP) signaling pathway via p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK). @*Conclusions@#TCA-induced activation of the S1PR2/p38 MAPK/YAP signaling pathways plays a vital role in regulating HSC activation, which might be therapeutically relevant for targeting cholestatic liver fibrosis.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 317-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996232

ABSTRACT

At present, ovarian cancer is one of the main diseases threatening women's life and health. The mortality ranks first among female reproductive system malignant tumors. Due to the hidden onset, more than 75% of them are at advanced stage once diagnosed. Advanced ovarian cancer is characterized with the Federation International of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, very poor prognosis and the 5-year survival rate less than 50%. In recent years, the exploration of maintenance treatment of ovarian cancer is in full swing. A large number of studies show that poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors are effective in patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Therefore, PARP inhibitors have gradually become an important part for treatment of ovarian cancer, and the indications have also been concerned by clinicians. This paper reviews the application of PARP inhibitors in advanced ovarian cancer.

4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 868-872, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of GSK484 on ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) and neutrophil extracelluar traps (NETs) in mice.Methods:Forty-eight SPF healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 5-6 weeks, weighing 15-20 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=12 each) by a random number table method: spontaneous breathing group (group S), spontaneous breathing+ GSK484 intervention group (group SG), VILI group (group V), and VILI + GSK484 intervention group (group VG). The animals kept spontaneous breathing for 4 h after tracheal intubation in S and SG groups. The animals were mechanically ventilated for 4 h (tidal volume 30 ml/kg, respiratory rate 75 breaths/min, inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1∶2, positive end-expiratory pressure 0 mmHg, fraction of inspired oxygen 21%) in V and VG groups. At 3 days before developing the VILI model, GSK484 4 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected once a day in SG and VG groups, while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in S and V groups. Blood samples were collected from the abdominal aorta for blood gas analysis at 4 h of spontaneous breathing or mechanical ventilation, and PaO 2 was recorded. The mice were then sacrificed and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected and lung tissues were obtained for microscopic examination of the pathological changes (with a light microscope after HE staining) which were scored and for determination of wet to dry weight ratio (W/D ratio), concentrations of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in BALF (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), expression of peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4), neutrophil elastase (NE), high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and citrullinated-histone 3 (Cit-H3) in lung tissues (by Western blot). Results:Compared with S and SG groups, the lung injury score and W/D ratio were significantly increased, PaO 2 was decreased, concentrations of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and MPO in BALF were increased, and the expression of PAD4, NE, HMGB1 and Cit-H3 in lung tissues was up-regulated in V and VG groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group V, the lung injury score and W/D ratio were significantly decreased, PaO 2 was increased, the concentrations of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and MPO in BALF were decreased, and the expression of PAD4, NE, HMGB1 and Cit-H3 was down-regulated in group VG ( P<0.05). Conclusions:GSK484 can alleviate VILI in mice, and the mechanism is associated with inhibition of PAD4, reduction of the production of NETs and attenuation of inflammatory responses in lung tissues.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 210-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) in the endogenous protective mechanism underlying mechanical ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) in mice and the relationship with high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1).Methods:Forty SPF healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each) by the random number table method: control group (group C), VILI group (group VILI), negative control siRNA + VILI group (group NV) and HSF1 siRNA + VILI group (group siRNA). At 48 h before mechanical ventilation, negative control siRNA 5 nmol and HSF1 siRNA 5 nmol were intratracheally injected in NV and siRNA groups respectively, and the solution was diluted to 50 μl with the sterile phosphate buffer in both groups. Group C kept spontaneous breathing for 4 h, and the rest animals were mechanically ventilated (tidal volume 35 ml/kg, respiratory rate 75 breaths/min, inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1∶2, fraction of inspired oxygen 21%) for 4 h. Blood samples from the femoral artery were collected for arterial blood gas analysis immediately after endotracheal intubation and at 4 h of ventilation, and PaO 2 was recorded. Then the mice were sacrificed under deep anesthesia to collect lung tissues and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). The concentrations of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and HMGB1 in BALF were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The pathological results were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and lung injury was assessed and scored. The wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio of lung tissues was calculated. The expression of HMGB1 and HSF1 mRNA in lung tissues (by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction) and expression of HMGB1 and HSF1 protein in lung tissues (by Western blot) were determined. Results:Compared with group C, PaO 2 was significantly decreased at 4 h of ventilation, the concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β and HMGB1 in BALF, W/D ratio and lung injury score were increased, and the expression of HMGB1 protein and mRNA in lung tissues was up-regulated in group VILI, group NV and group siRNA ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Compared with group VILI and group NV, PaO 2 was significantly decreased at 4 h of ventilation, the concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β and HMGB1 in BALF, W/D ratio and lung injury score were increased, and the expression of HMGB1 protein and mRNA in lung tissues was up-regulated, and the expression of HSF1 protein and mRNA was down-regulated in group siRNA ( P<0.05 or 0.01). There was no significant difference in the parameters mentioned above between group VILI and group NV ( P>0.05). Conclusions:HSF1 is involved in the endogenous protective mechanism underlying VILI in mice, which may be related to the down-regulation of HMGB1 expression and attenuation of inflammatory responses in lung tissues.

6.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 80-83, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of remimazolam on gastrointestinal motor function in the patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy.Methods:A total of 262 American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status classification Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-28 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective gastrointestinal endoscopy from May 2022 to August 2022, were divided into 2 groups ( n=131 each) using a random number table method: remimazolam group (group R) and propofol group (group P). The patients in group R received intravenous remimazolam 0.20-0.25 mg/kg, and patients in group P received intravenous propofol 1.5-2.0 mg/kg. The gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed when the patients′ Modified Observer′s Assessment of Alertness/Sedation scores ≤3. During fasting before gastrointestinal preparation, before gastrointestinal endoscopy and while leaving the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU), the concentrations of serum motilin and gastrin were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the intestinal peristalsis rating assessed by the endoscopist during the examination was recorded, the occurrence of hypotension and hypoxemia during the examination and occurrence of abdominal distension, abdominal pain, and nausea and vomiting during stay in PACU were recorded. Results:Compared with group P, the intestinal peristalsis rating was significantly increased, the serum motilin and gastrin concentrations were increased while leaving PACU, the incidence of hypotension and hypoxemia was decreased during the examination, and the incidence of abdominal distention was decreased during stay in PACU in group R ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Remimazolam has a milder inhibitory effect on secretion of gastrointestinal hormones than propofol in the patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy and is helpful for the recovery of gastrointestinal motility.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 230-233, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934662

ABSTRACT

Locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) refers to cervical cancer with large lesions confined to the cervix or only involving pelvic. It is characterized by large tumor volume, difficult local control, difficult operation, easy recurrence and metastasis after operation, and its 5-year overall survival rate is about 50%. Neoadjuvant therapy (NACT) reduces the risk of recurrence and death in patients, reduces the probability of postoperative radiotherapy, and avoids the ovarian dysfunction caused by radiotherapy. However, some studies have shown that NACT is not beneficial to the overall survival of LACC and may even interfere with postoperative pathological diagnosis. Therefore, the clinical application of NACT is still controversial. This article reviews the application of NACT in LACC.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 97-101, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of irisin on the alveolar macrophage polarization in a rat model of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI).Methods:Thirty SPF healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 200-250 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), VILI group (group V) and irisin group (group I). The rats were mechanically ventilation (tidal volume 20 ml/kg, respiratory rate 80 times/min, inhaled oxygen concentration 21%, inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1∶2, positive end-expiratory pressure 0) for 4 h to develop VILI model.Group C kept spontaneous breathing for 4 h. Irisin 1 μg/kg was injected via the tail vein at 30 min before tracheal intubation in group I, while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in the other groups.The rats were sacrificed at 4 h of mechanical ventilation, the lung tissues were removed for examination of pathological changes which were scored and for determination of wet to dry weight ratio (W/D ratio), and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for determination of concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and IL-10 (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), argininase 1 (Arg-1), and phosphorylated nuclear factor kappa B (p-NF-κB) p65 and p-NF-κB p50 in alveolar macrophages (by Western blot), and percentage of M1 and M2 alveolar macrophages and M1/M2 ratio (by flow cytometry). Results:Compared with group C, the W/D ratio, lung injury score, and concentrations of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-10 in BALF were significantly increased, the expression of iNOS, Arg-1, p-NF-κB p65 and p-NF-κB p50 was up-regulated, and the percentage of M1 and M2 alveolar macrophages and M1/M2 ratio were increased in group V and group I ( P<0.05). Compared with group V, the W/D ratio, lung injury score, and concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-α in BALF were significantly decreased, the expression of iNOS and p-NF-κB p65 was down-regulated, the percentage of M1 alveolar macrophages and M1/M2 ratio were decreased ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in levels of IL-10 and Arg-1 in BALF, percentage of M2 alveolar macrophages and expression of p-NF-κB p50 in group I ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism by which irisin reduces VILI may be related to inhibition of NF-κB signaling pathway activation and reduction of alveolar macrophage polarization to M1 phenotype in rats.

9.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 475-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of cathepsin B (CTSB) in mechanical ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) in rats and the relationship with NOD-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome.Methods:Thirty-six SPF-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 220-300 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=12 each) by the random number table method: control group (group C), VILI group (group V) and VILI + CA074-me group (group Me). CA074-me 5 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected in group Me, while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group C and group V. Group C kept spontaneous breathing for 4 h, and the animals were mechanically ventilated (tidal volume 20 ml/kg, respiratory rate 80 breaths/min, fraction of inspired oxygen 21%, PEEP 0 cmH 2O). Blood samples from femoral artery were collected for arterial blood gas analysis before tracheal intubation and after spontaneous breathing or ventilation, and PaO 2 was recorded.Rats were sacrificed, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected and lung tissues were collected for determination of the wet/dry lung weight ratio (W/D ratio), serum interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-18 concentrations in BALF (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), expression of CTSB, NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase-1 recruitment domain (ASC) and caspase-1 mRNA in lung tissues (quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction), and expression of CTSB, NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 in lung tissues (by Western blot) and for microscopic examination of the pathological changes (using HE staining). Lung injury was assessed and scored. Results:Compared with group C, PaO 2 was significantly decreased after the end of ventilation, the lung injury score, W/D ratio and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in serum and BALF were increased, and the expression of CTSB, NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 protein and mRNA in lung tissues was up-regulated in group V and group Me ( P<0.01). Compared with group V, PaO 2 was significantly increased after the end of ventilation, the lung injury score, W/D ratio and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in serum and BALF were decreased, and the expression of CTSB, NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 protein and mRNA in lung tissues was down-regulated in group Me ( P<0.01). Conclusions:CTSB is involved in VILI in the rats, and the mechanism may be related to activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes.

10.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 826-830, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936803

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of latent syphilis in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide insights into syphilis control. @*Methods@#All reported cases with latent syphilis in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020 was collected from the Communicable Disease Report System of China Disease Prevention and Control Information System, and the prevalence of latent syphilis was estimated and standardized by the seventh population census data in Yancheng City. The trends in the incidence of latent syphilis were evaluated using annual percent change (APC), and the temporal, regional and human distributions of latent syphilis patients were descriptively analyzed. In addition, the spatial clusters of latent syphilis incidence were identified using spatial autocorrelation analysis. @*Results@#A total of 7 790 cases with latent syphilis were reported in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020, and the standardized incidence of latent syphilis increased from 15.35/105 in 2016 to 28.70/105 in 2020 (APC=17.54%, t=5.357, P=0.013). Latent syphilis cases were reported in each month, and no obvious seasonable characteristics were seen. During the period from 2017 to 2020, the highest incidence of latent syphilis was seen in residents at ages of 70 to 79 years, with incidence rates of 41.71/105, 43.04/105, 75.79/105 and 72.94/105, respectively, and most cases were farmers (4 711 cases, 60.47%). The three highest incidence of latent syphilis was reported in Funing County (191.40/105), Tinghu District (137.13/105) and Yandu District (126.23/105). There was a positive spatial correlation of latent syphilis incidence in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020 (Moran's I=0.23, Z=4.457, P=0.001), and two high-high clusters were identified in 14 townships (streets) of Funing County, Binhai County, Tinghu District, Sheyang County and Yandu District and 3 low-low clusters in 7 townships (streets) in Jianhu County, Tinghu District, Dongtai City and Sheyang County. @*Conclusions@#The incidence of latent syphilis appeared a tendency towards a rise, and there were remarkable spatial clusters identified in latent syphilis incidence in Yancheng City from 2016 to 2020. The elderly people and farmers are at high risk of latent syphilis.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 473-476, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912908

ABSTRACT

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most common ovarian malignancy. Because the early lesions are not easy to be found and the advanced cases lack effective treatments, the fatality rate ranks the first among all kinds of gynecological malignant tumors. Pelvic tuberculosis is a specific inflammation of female genitalia. The long incubation period makes the primary tuberculosis foci heal completely, and then presents the clinical "triad" similar to ovarian cancer, namely: abdominal distension, ascites and pelvic mass, accompanied by an abnormal increase in serum carbohydrate antigen 125. For the differential diagnosis of the two diseases, imaging examination combined with laboratory examination is widely used in clinical practice, but the evaluation effect of the two diseases is different to some extent. This paper reviews the progress of the significance of imaging examination and laboratory examination in differential diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of EOC and pelvic tuberculosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1184-1188, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911338

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the gastric emptying of orally administered enzyme-hydrolyzed rice flour solution before surgery in the patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy and effect on insulin resistance.Methods:One hundred patients, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 19-30 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia, were divided into 2 groups ( n=50 each) using a random number table method: water group (group C) and enzyme-hydrolyzed rice flour group (group M). Routine fasting and water deprivation were executed at 1 day before operation in two groups, and 300 ml water in group C or 300 ml enzyme-hydrolyzed rice flour solution in group M were taken orally at 2-3 h before induction on the day of surgery.Bedside antrum ultrasonography was used to calculate the gastric volume (GV) before oral administration (V 0), immediately after oral administration (V 1), and before induction (V 2), and then the ΔGV (GV 1-GV 0) was calculated.Fasting plasma glucose and insulin CONCENTRATIONS were measured on admission to hospital (T 1) and on an empty stomach on 1st morning after surgery (T 2), and then the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated according to HOMA steady-state model formula.Visual analog scale (VAS) scores for subjective comfort (thirst, hunger, fatigue and anxiety) and grip strength were assessed before anesthesia (T 3) and before leaving PACU (T 4). Reflux and aspiration during induction, nausea and vomiting within 24 h after surgery, and anal exhaust time after surgery were recorded. Results:There was no significant difference in GV at V 0, V 1 and V 2 between the two groups ( P>0.05). Compared with the baseline at V 0, no significant was found in the GV at V 2 in both groups ( P>0.05). The fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations and HOMA-IR were significantly increased at T 2 than at T 1 in both groups ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Compared with group C, the fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations and HOMA-IR were significantly decreased at T 2, VAS scores for hunger, fatigue and anxiety were decreased at T 3, 4, grip strength was increased at T 3, 4, the postoperative anal exhaust time was shortened, and the incidence of nausea was reduced in group M ( P<0.05). No reflux and aspiration happened during induction in either group. Conclusion:The gastric emptying of 300 ml enzyme-hydrolyzed rice flour solution orally administered at 2 h before surgery is normal in the patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which does not increase the risk of reflux and aspiration during anesthesia induction, reduces postoperative insulin resistance, and increases patient′s subjective comfort, and enhances the postoperative recovery of intestinal function.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 970-974, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911310

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of irisin on pyroptosis in rats with ventilator-induced lung injury.Methods:Thirty-six healthy clean-grade male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 200-250 g, aged 6-8 weeks, were divided into 3 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), ventilator-induced lung injury group (group V) and ventilator-induced lung injury plus irisin group (group V+ I). In group V+ I, irisin 1 μg/kg was injected via the tail vein before mechanical ventilation.The animals were mechanically ventilated (tidal volume of 40 ml/kg, respiratory rate 60 breaths/min, inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1∶2, positive end expiratory pressure 0 and inspired oxygen fraction ratio 21%.Blood samples were then taken from the femoral artery for blood gas analysis, and PaO 2 was recorded.Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected, the total protein concentrations in BALF were measured, and the concentrations of BALF and serum interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-18 were measure by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The lung tissues were obtained for determination of the pathological changes after HE staining which were scored, wet to dry weight (W/D) ratio, expression of pyroptosis-related proteins N-terminal gasdermin D (GSDMD-N) and caspase-1 protein and mRNA (by Western blot or using real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group C, the lung injury score and W/D ratio were significantly increased, PaO 2 and OI were decreased, the total protein concentrations in BALF, concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in BALF and serum were increased, and the expression of caspase-1 and GSDMD-N protein and mRNA was up-regulated in group V ( P<0.01). Compared with group V, the lung injury score and W/D ratio were significantly decreased, PaO 2 and OI were increased, the total protein concentrations in BALF, concentrations of serum IL-1β and IL-18 in BALF and serum were decreased, and the expression of caspase-1 and GSDMD-N protein and mRNA was down-regulated in group V+ I ( P<0.01). Conclusion:The mechanism by which irisin reduces ventilator-induced lung injury is probably related to inhibiting pyroptosis in rats.

14.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 814-819, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the changes in proteome in hippocampus and bioinformatics analysis in mice with perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND).Methods:Clean-grade healthy male C57BL/6 mice, aged 15 months, weighing 30-35 g, were divided into 2 groups ( n=9 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C) and group PND.The model of PND was established by performing open tibial fracture with intramedullary fixation under isoflurane anesthesia in anesthetized mice.The Morris water maze test, open field test and fear conditioning test were performed at 1 day before operation and at 1, 3 and 7 days after operation.At 1, 3 and 7 days after operation, 3 mice with worst cognitive performance in each cognitive function assessments were sacrificed in group P, and three mice were randomly sacrificed in group C. The hippocampal tissues were then obtained, the expression of differentially expressed proteins was identified by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and Gene Ontology (GO) functional analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were performed to analyze the differentially expressed proteins. Results:Compared with group C, the escape latency at different time points was significantly prolonged, and the percentage of time spend on target quadrant and the percentage of freezing time in fear conditioning test were decreased in group P ( P<0.05). There were 21 differentially expressed proteins, of which 12 proteins showed up-regulated expression and 9 proteins showed down-regulated expression.The GO functional analysis showed that the differentially expressed proteins were involved in the process such as the metabolism, signal transmission, regulation of biological processes, formed cell components such as synapses and organelles, and were related to molecular function such as binding and transportation.KEGG signaling pathway analysis showed that there were also differences in MAPK signaling pathway, ErbB signaling pathway, AMPK signaling pathway and the transport of SNARE protein in vesicle and etc. Conclusion:There are 21 differentially expressed proteins in the hippocampus of PND mice, and these proteins are involved in the pathophysiological process probably related to PND such as neuroinflammatory responses, abnormal synaptic structure, mitochondrial dysfunction and decreased autophagy.

15.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 496-501, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911225

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of irisin on ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) in rats and the relationship with expression of NOD-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes.Methods:Thirty-six SPF-grade healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 220-300 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), group VILI and irisin group (group I). All the groups underwent tracheotomy and intubation, group C kept spontaneous breathing for 4 h, and the animals were mechanically ventilated for 4 h in VILI and I groups.Irisin 1 μg/kg was injected via the tail vein at 30 min before tracheal intubation in group I, and the equal volume of normal saline mixture (normal saline∶phosphate buffer solution containing 5% trehalose=1∶9) were given in the other 2 groups via the tail vein.The rats were mechanically ventilated with the tidal volume of 20 ml/kg, respiratory rate 80 breaths/min, inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1∶1, inspired oxygen fraction ratio 21% and positive end-expiratory pressure 0.Blood samples from left femoral artery were collected before tracheal intubation and at the end of mechanical ventilation for detection of PaO 2.The animals were sacrificed and the lung tissue samples and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were then collected for examination of the pathological changes (under the light microscope), and for determination of wet to dry weight (W/D) ratio and the concentrations of total protein in BALF and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-18 in BALF and serum (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in alveolar macrophages in BALF (by DCFH-DA) and the expression of NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC) and caspase-1 protein and mRNA in lung tissues (by Western blot and by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction). The pathological changes of the lung were scored. Results:Compared with group C, PaO 2 was significantly decreased at the end of mechanical ventilation, lung injury score and W/D ratio were increased, concentration of total protein and ROS level in alveolar macrophages in BALF and concentrations of BALF, IL-1β and IL-18 in serum were increased, and the expression of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 protein and mRNA in lung tissues was up-regulated in group VILI and group I ( P<0.01). Compared with group VILI, PaO 2 was significantly increased at the end of mechanical ventilation, lung injury score and W/D ratio were decreased, concentration of total protein and ROS level in alveolar macrophages in BALF and concentrations of BALF, IL-1β and IL-18 in serum were decreased, and the expression of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 protein and mRNA in lung tissues was down-regulated in group I ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Irisin can reduce VILI, and the mechanism is related to inhibiting activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and reducing inflammatory response in rats.

16.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 788-795, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the difference between BRCA gene mutations in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC) and in sporadic ovarian cancer (SOC).Methods:This study was for exploratory research, the inclusion criteria were 284 patients with ovarian cancer admitted at Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from November 2018 to December 2019, with high-throughput DNA sequencing including the full coding regions and exon-intron link regions of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene. Pathogenic mutations in the BRCA gene of patients with ovarian cancer were collected and mutation site analysis was performed to compare phenotypic differences in pathogenic mutations between HBOC syndrome and SOC patients.Results:(1) Of the 284 ovarian cancer patients, seventy-seven had BRCA pathogenic mutations with a mutation rate of 27.1% (77/284), with BRCA1 mutation rate of 19.7% (56/284), BRCA2 gene 6.7% (19/284) and BRCA1/2 common mutation rate of 0.7% (2/284). Of the 284 patients with ovarian cancer, the pathogenic mutation rate in the BRCA gene in HBOC syndrome patients was 43.8% (32/73), which were significantly higher than that in SOC patients [21.3% (45/211); χ2=13.905, P<0.01]. Among BRCA1 gene mutation, the mutation rate in HBOC syndrome was higher than that of SOC [87.5% (28/32) vs 62.2% (28/45)], the BRCA2 gene mutation rate in patients with HBOC syndrome was lower than that in SOC patients [6.2% (2/32) vs 37.8% (17/45)], and there were statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Two of the 77 patients with pathogenic mutations in the BRCA gene were multisite mutations, including one simultaneous two site mutation, one simultaneous three site mutation. There were 80 mutation sites with frameshift deletion mutations (55.0%, 44/80) and nonsense mutations (31.2%, 25/80). (2) Of the 73 patients with HBOC syndrome, 32 cases had pathogenic mutations in BRCA gene, including 28 cases in BRCA1, mainly in exon 11 and 24 (9 and 7 cases, respectively), and only two cases in BRCA2, both in exon 11; another two had multiple locus mutations. Of the 211 patients with SOC, 45 cases had pathogenic mutants in BRCA gene, including 28 cases in BRCA1, mainly in exon 11 and 24 (15 and 2 cases, respectively), and 17 cases in BRCA2, mainly in exon 11 (11 cases). (3) Thirty-four pathogenic mutation sites in BRCA gene were found newly, twenty of them were located in the BRCA1 gene, including a locus located on the intron 6, 301+1G>A, and the remaining 19 sites were located on the exons, including 283_286delCTTG, 68_69delAG, 132C>T, 514_547+3del37, 742delA, 1126_1129delAATA, 1196delA, 1352_1364del, 1465G>T, 2171delC, 2341G>T, 3359_3363delTTAAT, 4085_4086ins11, 4161_4162delTC, 4165_4166delAG, 4258G>T, 4338_4339del8insAGAA, 4468G>T, and 4783delA; fourteen sites were located in the BRCA2 gene, including a locus located on the intron 7, 631+1G>A, and the remaining 13 sites were located on the exons, including 2648delT, 2914A>T, 2950_2951insG, 4357+1G>A, 5054C>T, 5257A>T, 5291_5292insTC, 5913delT, 3593delA, 6091_6092insA, 6135_6136delTT, 7452delT, 9097_9098insA. A tal of 28 repeat mutations were located in the BRCA1 gene; among them, the site 5470_5477del8 was repeated 6 times, while 3 times in 981_982delAT. Conclusions:Patients with HBOC syndrome have a significantly higher rate of pathogenic mutation in the BRCA gene than that in patients with SOC. BRCA gene pathogenic mutation sites in HBOC syndrome patients occur commonly in exon 11 and 24 of BRCA 1 gene, while SOC patients occur mainly in exon 11 and 24 of BRCA1 gene and exon 11 of BRCA2 gene. The two loci of BRCA1∶5470_5477del8, BRCA1∶981_982delAT may be ancestor mutations in Chinese ovarian cancer patients, and 34 newly discovered pathogenic mutations in the BRCA gene, enriching the BRCA gene mutation spectrum in the Chinese population.

17.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 246-250, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885068

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of miR-188-5p in oxygen-glucose deprivation and restoration (OGD/R) injury to mouse neuroblastoma (N2a) cells and its relationship with small ubiquitin-like modifier-specific proteases 3 (SENP3).Methods:N2a cells were cultured and divided into 5 groups ( n=23 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), OGD/R group, group NC, transfection of mir-188-5p agonist group (group M) and transfection of mir-188-5p inhibitor group group (group I). Cells in group C were cultured routinely.Cells in group NC, group M and group I were transfected with mir-188-5p negative control miRNA, agonist and inhibitor, respectively.N2a cells were subjected to OGD for 3 h followed by restoration of oxygen-glucose supply to establish the model of OGD/R injury.At 24 h of oxygen-glucose restoration, the cell viability was recorded by the cell counting kit-8 assay, the amount of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) released was detected, the expression of miR-188-5p and SENP3 mRNA was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and SENP3 expression was determined by Western blot.The targeting relationship between miR-188-5p and SENP3 mRNA was detected using dual luciferase reporter assay. Results:Compared with group C, the cell viability was significantly decreased, amount of LDH released was increased, and expression of SENP3 and its mRNA was up-regulated in the other 4 groups, miR-188-5p expression was down-regulated in OGD/R and I groups, and miR-188-5p expression was up-regulated in group M ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Compared with group OGD/R, the cell viability was significantly decreased, amount of LDH released was increased, and expression of SENP3 and its mRNA was up-regulated, and miR-188-5p expression was down-regulated in group I, and the cell viability was increased, amount of LDH released was decreased, expression of SENP3 and its mRNA was down-regulated, and miR-188-5p expression was up-regulated in group M ( P<0.05 or 0.01). The dual luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-188-5p could act directly on SENP3. Conclusion:miR-188-5p is involved in OGD/R injury, which is associated with targeted down-regulation of SENP3 expression in N2a cells.

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 67-71, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of different concentrations of ropivacaine for interscalene brachial plexus block in patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery under general anesthesia.Methods:Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠor Ⅱ patients (NYHA classⅠorⅡ) of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 18.0-26.9 kg/m 2, undergoing elective arthroscopic shoulder surgery were selected, and were divided into 3 groups ( n=30 each) using a random number table method: 0.25% ropivacaine group (group A), 0.375% ropivacaine group (group B) and 0.5% ropivacaine group (group C). Interscalene brachial plexus block was performed with 0.25%, 0.375% and 0.5% ropivacaine 20 ml in A, B and C groups, respectively.Before operation (T 0) and at 30 min (T 1), 4 h (T 2), 6 h (T 3), 8 h (T 4), 10 h (T 5) and 12 h (T 6) after administration, the diaphragmatic mobility was measured and recorded using M-mode ultrasound and forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV 1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were measured using portable spirometer.The occurrence of phrenic paralysis was recorded at T 1-6.The duration of sensory and motor block was recorded.When visual analogue scale score>3 within 24 h after operation, flurbiprofen axetil 50 mg was injected intravenously for analgesia and the consumption was recorded.The adverse reactions such as cardiovascular events, local anesthetic intoxication, Horner syndrome, pneumothorax, and nausea and vomiting within 24 h after administration were recorded. Results:Compared with group A, the diaphragmatic mobility was significantly decreased during quiet breathing at T 1-3 and was decreased during deep breathing at T 2-5, and the diaphragmatic paralysis rate was increased during quiet and deep breathing at T 2-3 in group B, diaphragmatic mobility was decreased during quiet and deep breathing at T 1-6, diaphragmatic paralysis rate was increased during quiet and deep breathing at T 1-4, FEV 1% and FVC% were decreased at T 1 and FVC% was decreased at T 2 in group C, and the duration of sensory and motor block was prolonged in B and C groups ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Compared with group B, the diaphragmatic mobility was significantly decreased during quiet breathing at T 4-6 and was decreased during deep breathing at T 1-6, the diaphragmatic paralysis rate during quiet breathing was increased at T 2-4 ( P<0.05) was increased during deep breathing at T 3-4, and FEV 1 % and FVC % at T 1 were decreased in group C ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the postoperative requirement for flurbiprofen axetil and the incidence of adverse reactions within 24 h after administration among the 3 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:0.25% ropivacaine 20ml provides better efficacy when used for interscalene brachial plexus block in the patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery.

19.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 318-322, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872503

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differential expressions of AT-rich interacting domain-containing protein 1A (ARID1A) gene and its encoding protein BAF250a and serum carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) in different ovarian serous tumor tissues.Methods:The tumor tissues of 97 patients with serous ovarian tumors who were treated by surgery and confirmed by surgical pathological results in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from August 2015 to September 2018 were collected. Among them, 11 cases were benign lesions (serous cystadenoma, serous fibroadenoma, serous surface papilloma, control group), 21 cases were borderline lesions (atypical proliferative serous tumor, AP group). There were 35 cases in low-grade serous carcinoma (LC) group and 30 cases in high-grade serous carcinoma (HC) group (including 5, 7, 9 and 9 cases in stage Ⅰ-Ⅳ). Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression of ARID1A mRNA in tumor tissues of each group, Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression and morphology of BAF250a protein in tumor tissues, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the concentration of serum CA125 in each group. The differences of ARID1A gene, BAF250a protein and serum CA125 expressions in each group were compared, and the correlation of their expressions in HC group with the clinical stage of patients was analyzed.Results:The relative expressions of ARID1A mRNA and BAF250a protein in the tumor tissues of the control group, AP group, LC group, and HC group decreased in sequence, and the serum CA125 concentration increased in sequence, the differences were statistically significant [1.37±0.02, 0.68±0.03, 0.42±0.04, and 0.29±0.14, F = 3.753, P = 0.008; 1.33±0.11, 0.81±0.11, 0.51±0.11, and 0.39±0.11, F = 10.753, P = 0.001; (23.72±2.26), (36.83±13.11), (412.55±41.71), and (529.96±61.44) U/ml, F = 10.440, P = 0.003]. Immunohistochemistry showed that the high expression rates of BAF250a protein in the control group, AP group, LC group, and HC group were 90.0% (10/11), 85.7% (18/21), 70.0% (21/35), and 33.3% (10/30). In HC group, the serum CA125 concentration increased with the increase of clinical stage [stage Ⅰ-Ⅳ: (461.33±23.18), (483.51±41.21), (507.78±33.41), and (543.19±47.82) U/ml, r = 0.510, P = 0.015], and the relative expressions of ARID1A mRNA and BAF250a protein decreased with the increase of clinical stage (stage Ⅰ-Ⅳ: 0.33±0.10, 0.28±0.11, 0.21±0.08, and 0.17±0.07, r = -0.329, P = 0.030; 3.83±0.13, 3.08±0.16, 2.61±0.18, and 2.07±0.13, r = -0.651, P = 0.002). Conclusion:The decrease of expressions of ARID1A gene and its encoding protein BAF250a, and the increase of CA125 expression in ovarian serous tumor tissues may indicate the malignant change and invasion of tumors.

20.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 316-319, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871274

ABSTRACT

Inflammasomes are a group of multiprotein complexes in cells that could be activated when they perceive external microbial invasions and intrinsic aseptic stress signals. However, the activation of inflammasomes and the association between their structures and functions have not been elucidated. New progress has been made in the study of the structure and activation mechanism of NLRC4 inflammasome, which helps to fill the gaps. NLRC4 inflammasome plays an important role in systemic inflammation and programmed cell death, which provides important clues for the study of NLRC4-related inflammatory diseases including metabolic diseases, tumors and autoimmune diseases.

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