Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 70
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Year range
1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2203-2209, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886800

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To esta blish the m ethod for identifying Schizonepeta tenusfolia from different habitats based on odor information. METHODS :The odor of S. tenusfolia from different habitats were identified by Heracles Ⅱ ultra-fast gas phase electronic nose. Qualitative analysis was conducted according to obtained chromatographic information combined with AroChemBase database and Kovats retention index qualitative database. Principle component analysis (PCA)and discriminant factor analysis (DFA)were conducted by using Alpha Soft V 14.2 software,and cluster analysis (CA)was performed with SPSS 22.2 software. RESULTS :There were 16 common peaks in 15 batches of S. tenusfolia from different habitats. After comparison with AroChemBase database and Kovates retention index qualitative database ,a total of 13 possible components were obtained. The possible components and sensory description information of S. tenusfolia from different habitats were basically the same ,but only the content was different. The chromatographic peak intensities of common peak No. 2 were in descending order as Anhui > Gansu>Henan>Hebei>Jiangsu,the chromatographic peak intensities of common peak No. 6 were in descending order as Anhui > Hebei>Gansu≈Henan>Jiangsu,the chromatographic peak intensities of common peak No. 9 were in descending order as Anhui > Gansu>Henan>Jiangsu>Hebei,the chromatographic peak intensity of common peak No. 13 were in descending order as Anhui ≈ Gansu>Hebei>Jiangsu>Henan,which represented the chromatographic peak intensity of methyl formate (peak No. 2),α-pinene (peak No. 6),3-nonone(peak No. 9)and α-terpineol(peak No. 13)were significantly different due to the change of habitats. PCA results showed that the cumulative contribution rate of the first two principal components was 96.807%. Results of DFA showed that contribution rates of discriminant factor 1 and discriminant factor 2 were 92.089% and 3.982%. CA results showed that when the distance was 10,15 batches of samples could be clustered into 3 categories,B1-B5 and J 1-J3 into one category ,A1-A3 into one category ,G1,G2,N1 and N 2 into one category. The results were basically consistent with those of PCA and DFA. CONCLUSIONS:Ultra-fast gas phase electronic nose technology can be used to identify S. tenusfolia from different habitats rapidly. Methyl formate ,α-pinene,3-nonone and α-terpineol may be the key factors to distinguish S. tenusfolia from different habitats.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1457-1463, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878648

ABSTRACT

Starting from participating the high-level professional competition, our school has built a talent training system with the spirit of "biomaker" and an innovative practical ability training system. Such system takes the interest of student as the starting point, and relies on the strong scientific research and teaching infrastructure. The programme gives full play to students' initiatives and enhances the scientific research literacy and comprehensive ability of undergraduates majoring in biotechnology. It is an effective exploration of the traditional university education model and meets the urgent demand for innovative talents training in the era of rapid development of life sciences.


Subject(s)
Biological Science Disciplines , Biotechnology , Genetic Engineering , Humans , Students , Universities
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888196

ABSTRACT

As the most common active brain-computer interaction paradigm, motor imagery brain-computer interface (MI-BCI) suffers from the bottleneck problems of small instruction set and low accuracy, and its information transmission rate (ITR) and practical application are severely limited. In this study, we designed 6-class imagination actions, collected electroencephalogram (EEG) signals from 19 subjects, and studied the effect of collaborative brain-computer interface (cBCI) collaboration strategy on MI-BCI classification performance, the effects of changes in different group sizes and fusion strategies on group multi-classification performance are compared. The results showed that the most suitable group size was 4 people, and the best fusion strategy was decision fusion. In this condition, the classification accuracy of the group reached 77%, which was higher than that of the feature fusion strategy under the same group size (77.31%


Subject(s)
Brain , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Electroencephalography , Humans , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Imagination
4.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1203-1210, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921862

ABSTRACT

Biometrics plays an important role in information society. As a new type of biometrics, electroencephalogram (EEG) signals have special advantages in terms of versatility, durability, and safety. At present, the researches on individual identification approaches based on EEG signals draw lots of attention. Identity feature extraction is an important step to achieve good identification performance. How to combine the characteristics of EEG data to better extract the difference information in EEG signals is a research hotspots in the field of identity identification based on EEG in recent years. This article reviewed the commonly used identity feature extraction methods based on EEG signals, including single-channel features, inter-channel features, deep learning methods and spatial filter-based feature extraction methods, etc. and explained the basic principles application methods and related achievements of various feature extraction methods. Finally, we summarized the current problems and forecast the development trend.


Subject(s)
Electroencephalography
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804618

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir and daclatasvir regimens for patients who received kidney transplantation (KT) with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.@*Methods@#This study enrolled a prospective cohort of consecutive KT patients with HCV infection from March 2016 to January 2018 in the hepatology Department of the Second Hospital of Shandong University. They were given sofosbuvir combined with daclatasvir, with or without ribavirin. The course of treatment was 12 weeks or 24 weeks. Clinical assessment, conventional liver and kidney biochemical parameters, hemoglobin, serum HCV RNA, as well as the types of immunosuppressive drugs and their doses were assessed routinely as follows: at the beginning of treatment; 2, 4, and 8 wk post treatment; at the end of treatment (EOT); and at 12, 24 wk after the therapy was completed. Adverse events and adjustment of anti-rejection drugs were surveilled during the treatment period.@*Results@#A total of 13 patients were enrolled. All patients were naive to treatment. Their mean age was 46.84±7.79 years. There were 10 males and 3 females, 3 patients had cirrhosis (1 cases had decompensated cirrhosis), 10 patients had no cirrhosis. They were infected with HCV genotype 1 (6/13 GT1b), genotype 3 (2/13 GT3a) and genotype 6 (3/13 GT6a), and genotype 2 (2/13 GT2a). Twelve patients′ estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was > 30 ml/min per 1.73 m2 at the beginning of treatment, 1 patient′s eGFR was <30 ml/min·1.73 m2; 9 patients received 12 wk therapy, 4 patients received 24 wk therapy. Twelve patients had undetectable viral load by week 4 of treatment. All patients had undetectable HCV viral load at the end of treatment. Sustained virological response (SVR) 12 rate was achieved in 100% (13/13) of the recipients. The basic renal function remained stable during the course of treatment. No serious adverse events were observed during the treatment. Antiviral therapy was not discontinued due to side effects in any patient.@*Conclusions@#Sofosbuvir and daclatasvir for treatment of KT patients with HCV infection are highly effective and safe.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796820

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of early-stage training combined with the ultrashort wave therapy on the functional recovery of rats after a spinal cord injury, and to observe the expression of aquaporin protein-4 (AQP-4) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP).@*Methods@#Fifty female Sprague-Dawley rats had spinal cord injury (SCI) induced using the modified Allen′s method. After successful modeling, 40 were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a control group, an ultrashort wave group, a treadmill group and a combined group, each of 8. Motor function in their hind limbs was evaluated 4 weeks after the operation using BBB scoring. GFAP and AQP-4 immunohistochemical staining were used to determine the integral optical density (IOD) of the protein expression.@*Results@#The average BBB score of the sham operation group was 21, while the other four groups averages were all less than 1 on the 1st day after the operation. They gradually increased with time, and by 4 weeks the increases were significant. Compared with the control group at the same time point, the average BBB scores of the treadmill and the combined groups were significantly higher. Compared with the ultrashort wave group, the average BBB score of the treadmill group was higher after 4 weeks, and the combined group′s average was significantly higher at 2, 3 and 4 weeks after the operation. Four weeks after the SCI modeling, the average AQP-4 IOD and GFAP IOD levels of the ultrashort wave group, the treadmill group and the combined group were lower than that of the control group, while the average AQP-4 and GFAP IOD levels of the combined group were significantly lower than those of the ultrashort wave group. Compared with the treadmill group, the combined group had a significantly lower average GFAP level.@*Conclusions@#Both treadmill training and ultrashort wave treatment promote motor function recovery after a spinal cord injury. The mechanism may be related to downregulation of AQP-4 and GFAP expression at the injured site. Combining the two treatments gives better effects.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791998

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of early-stage training combined with the ultrashort wave therapy on the functional recovery of rats after a spinal cord injury, and to observe the expression of aquaporin pro-tein-4 ( AQP-4) and glial fibrillary acidic protein ( GFAP ) . Methods Fifty female Sprague-Dawley rats had spinal cord injury ( SCI) induced using the modified Allen's method. After successful modeling, 40 were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a control group, an ultrashort wave group, a treadmill group and a combined group, each of 8. Motor function in their hind limbs was evaluated 4 weeks after the operation using BBB scoring. GFAP and AQP-4 immunohistochemical staining were used to determine the integral optical density ( IOD) of the protein expres-sion. Results The average BBB score of the sham operation group was 21, while the other four groups averages were all less than 1 on the 1st day after the operation. They gradually increased with time, and by 4 weeks the increa-ses were significant. Compared with the control group at the same time point, the average BBB scores of the treadmill and the combined groups were significantly higher. Compared with the ultrashort wave group, the average BBB score of the treadmill group was higher after 4 weeks, and the combined group's average was significantly higher at 2, 3 and 4 weeks after the operation. Four weeks after the SCI modeling, the average AQP-4 IOD and GFAP IOD levels of the ultrashort wave group, the treadmill group and the combined group were lower than that of the control group, while the average AQP-4 and GFAP IOD levels of the combined group were significantly lower than those of the ultrashort wave group. Compared with the treadmill group, the combined group had a significantly lower average GFAP level. Conclusions Both treadmill training and ultrashort wave treatment promote motor function recovery after a spinal cord injury. The mechanism may be related to downregulation of AQP-4 and GFAP expression at the injured site. Combining the two treatments gives better effects.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709838

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in elderly patients undergoing general anesthesia.Methods A total of 112 patients,aged 65-75 yr,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅱ or Ⅲ,undergoing elective non-cardiac surgery with general anesthesia,were randomly divided into control group (C group,n =54) and HBO group (n =58).Patients were exposed to hyperbaric oxygen in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber once a day from day 3 to day 12 after surgery in both groups.Pressure was slowly increased to 2 atmosphere absolute within 20 min,pure oxygen was inhaled for 35 min by mask,5 min later pure oxygen was inhaled for another 35 min,oxygen inhalation was then stopped and pressure was slowly increased to 1 atmosphere absolute in HBO group.Patients inhaled air at 1 atmosphere absolute for 70 min in C group.Cognitive function score was assessed using Mini-Mental State Examination,language ability test,visual identification function test,digit span backwards task and Hasegawa's Dementia Scale (HDS) at 2 days before surgery and 7 and 13 days after surgery.The development of POCD was recorded.Results Compared with the baseline at 2 days before surgery,language ability test,digit span backwards task and HDS scores were significantly decreased at 7 and 13 days after surgery in C group,and digit span backwards task scores were significantly decreased at 7 days after surgery in HBO group (P<0.05 or 0.01).The language ability test and HDS scores were significantly higher,and the incidence of POCD was lower at 7 and 13 days after surgery in HBO group than in C group (P<0.05).Conclusion HBO therapy can reduce POCD in elderly patients undergoing general anesthesia.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708142

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the CTV to PTV external expansion boundary and the effect of the dose of normal lung tissue under different fixed modes by a comparative analysis of combined body position and thermoplastic film fixed set-up error of radiation therapy for lung cancer. Methods From October 2016 to March 2018, the patients who received chest radiology at the Tangshan people's hospital were enrolled as subjects retrospectively divided into two groups, including 50 patients with lung cancer radiotherapy with combined body position fixation, and 40 patients with lung cancer with thermoplastic film fixation. The two groups of patients drew the target areas in accordance with the unified standard, and the set-up error of left and right, up and down, front and rear ( x, y, z axis) were recorded respectively after 1 time/week cone CT( CBCT) matched with the planned CT image and analyzed by t test. According to the MPTV =2. 5Σ+0. 7δ, CTV to PTV external expansion boundary in the combined body position group were calculated. And the V5、V20 and V30 of two groups of patients were calculated and analyzed by TPS system. Results The set-up error of the combined body position group and thermoplastic film group were respectively (1. 00 ± 0. 58) mm and (3. 28 ± 0. 43) mm on the x axis, (1. 42 ± 0. 28) mm on the y axis and (4. 03 ± 0. 41) mm, (1. 06 ± 0. 44) mm and (3. 18 ± 0. 34) mm on the z axis. The set-up errors of the two groups were statistically significant on x, y and z axis( t= -20. 740, -35. 596, -25. 015,P<0. 05). There was no significant difference in set-up errors between the central and peripheral lung cancer patients and between left and right lung cancer patients(P>0. 05). Through the MPTV =2. 5Σ+0. 7δ, CTV to PTV external expansion boundary in the combined body position fixation group was 2. 906 , 3. 746 and 2. 958 mm on x, y and z axis respectively. The comparison between group A and B showed that the mean values of V5 , V20 and V30 in group B were reduced by 1. 5%, 3. 1% and 4. 8% respectively compared with group A. Conclusions The combined body position technique can improve the accuracy of lung cancer patients after radiation therapy,and further reduce the boundary of CTV to PTV, which is of certain value to reduce the occurrence of radiation pneumonitis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 486-493, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310606

ABSTRACT

The contradiction between the increasing population and the decrease of tillable land areas is becoming more and more serious in our country. Food security is an important guarantee for sustainable development of our national economy. Photosynthesis is the basis for crop yield. Improving crop photosynthetic efficiency is one of the important approaches to increase crop yield. In this review, we summarized the recent advances in engineering photosynthetic performance by synthetic biology from three key aspects including absorption, transduction and conversion of light energy, light utilization efficiency and carbon assimilation. We also addressed the prospects of its application in increasing photosynthetic efficiency through synthetic biology principles, which may provide important theoretical support and key biotechnology to increase grain production.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1313-1316, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662624

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of restrictive intravenous fluid on the complications and quality of life in the advanced hepatocellular carcinoma patients.Methods Clinical data of Three hundred and fifty-seven cases with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma from Mar 2010 to Mar 2016 was retrospectively analyzed.One hundred and sixty-eight cases were recruited in the restrictive intravenous fluid (RIF) group,and One hundred and eighty-nine cases were involved in the control group.The average volume of intravenous fluid of each day,plasma albumin concentration,splanchnocoel hydrops rate,phlebitis,incidence of vomiting,cancer related pain degree,anxiety degree were compared in the two groups.Results The average volume of intravenous fluid of each day in the RIF group [(720.29 ± 106.84) ml] were much lower than that in the control group [(1 820.36±342.12)ml] (P <0.05).The plasma albumin concentration in the RIF group [(35.65 ± 2.21)g/L] were higher than that in the control group [(32.25 ±2.32)g/L] (P <0.05).The rate of splanchnocoel hydrops,phlebitis,vomiting,bedsores,and hypstatic pneumonia in RIF group were 6.25%,4.69%,8.59%,3.9%,11.72% and those in the control group were 13.97%,10.92%,17.47%,10.04%,and 24.45%,respectively (P < 0.05).Moreover,the scores of cancer related pain and anxiety were much lower in the RIF group (5.21 ± 1.09,39.12 ± 5.54) than those in the control group(5.68 ± 1.18,41.56 ± 6.78) (P < 0.01).Conclusions Restrictive intravenous fluid therapy can decrease the cancer associated complications and improved the quality of life in the advanced hepatocellular carcinoma patients.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1313-1316, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660436

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of restrictive intravenous fluid on the complications and quality of life in the advanced hepatocellular carcinoma patients.Methods Clinical data of Three hundred and fifty-seven cases with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma from Mar 2010 to Mar 2016 was retrospectively analyzed.One hundred and sixty-eight cases were recruited in the restrictive intravenous fluid (RIF) group,and One hundred and eighty-nine cases were involved in the control group.The average volume of intravenous fluid of each day,plasma albumin concentration,splanchnocoel hydrops rate,phlebitis,incidence of vomiting,cancer related pain degree,anxiety degree were compared in the two groups.Results The average volume of intravenous fluid of each day in the RIF group [(720.29 ± 106.84) ml] were much lower than that in the control group [(1 820.36±342.12)ml] (P <0.05).The plasma albumin concentration in the RIF group [(35.65 ± 2.21)g/L] were higher than that in the control group [(32.25 ±2.32)g/L] (P <0.05).The rate of splanchnocoel hydrops,phlebitis,vomiting,bedsores,and hypstatic pneumonia in RIF group were 6.25%,4.69%,8.59%,3.9%,11.72% and those in the control group were 13.97%,10.92%,17.47%,10.04%,and 24.45%,respectively (P < 0.05).Moreover,the scores of cancer related pain and anxiety were much lower in the RIF group (5.21 ± 1.09,39.12 ± 5.54) than those in the control group(5.68 ± 1.18,41.56 ± 6.78) (P < 0.01).Conclusions Restrictive intravenous fluid therapy can decrease the cancer associated complications and improved the quality of life in the advanced hepatocellular carcinoma patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613082

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the status of adolescent's network usage and its effect on life satisfaction.MethodsTotally 691 teenagers were tested by self-regulation scale,the online identity experiment scale and teenager life satisfaction scale.Results①The scores of urban teenagers were significantly higher than those of rural teenagers in self regulation of network behavior(involved-emotional control:(31.40±0.31) vs (29.33±0.32),network congnition (24.37±0.25) vs (22.69±0.21),offline introspection:(15.89±0.30) vs (14.84±0.26),online self-control:(20.68±0.33) vs (19.25±0.28)) and life satisfaction (173.92±1.55) vs (164.00±1.48)(t=4.642,5.082,2.654,3.349,4.613;P<0.01),but lower in negative intrinsic character(5.37±0.13) vs (5.82±0.14)(t=-2.285,P<0.05).The scores of male adolescents were significantly higher than that of female adolescents in network identity and academic satisfaction(t=2.577,4.095,2.051,2.700,P<0.05,P<0.01),but lower in self regulation of network behavior (t=-3.966,-2.653,-5.059,P<0.01).②There was significantly positive correlation between youth life satisfaction and net-addiction cognition,involved-emotional control,network cognition,offline introspection,online self-control,self-control to network attachment,positive intrinsic character(r=0.164,0.307,0.252,0.386,0.430,0.222,0.404,P<0.01),and negatively correlated with positive extrinsic character and negative intrinsic character(r=-0.126,-0.156,P<0.01).③Positive intrinsic character,online self-control,involved-emotional control,offline introspection,self-control to network attachment could be used to predict life satisfaction,ans could explain 38.9% of total variance (F=87.26,P<0.01).ConclusionThere are significantly differences of self regulation of network behavior,network identity and life satisfaction in different gender,between urban and rural areas.The adolescents with higher self regulation of network behavior and network identity have higher life satisfaction.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490687

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the anesthetic effects of interscalene brachial plexus combined with ulnar nerve and axillary brachial plexus block guided by nerve stimulator. Methods Eighty patients belonging to ASA ⅠorⅡ and undergoing replantation of severed palm or wrist were divided randomly into 2 groups, Each group had 40 patients. Nerve stimulator guided nerve block. Patients in groupⅠreceived interscalene brachial plexus combined with ulnar nerve block, and those in groupⅡreceived axillary brachial plexus block. The onset time, hold time, tourniquet tolerance of radial nerve, median nerve and ulnar nerve of two groups was recorded. The phrenic nerve block, Horner′s syndrome and recurrent laryngeal nerve block was compared between two groups. Results The onset time of radial nerve, median nerve and ulnar nerve in group Ⅰwas (5.13 ± 0.76), (7.13 ± 1.04), (3.23 ± 0.62) min , in group Ⅱ was (9.23 ± 1.61), (12.35 ± 1.76), (8.83 ± 1.13) min, and there were significant differences (P<0.05). The excellent rates of sensory block of radial nerve, median nerve and ulnar nerve in group Ⅰ were 90.0%(36/40), 85.0%(34/40), 97.5%(39/40), in group Ⅱ were 72.5%(29/40), 65.0%(26/40), 70.0%(28/40), and there were significant differences (P<0.05). The full rates of motor block of radial nerve, median nerve and ulnar nerve in groupⅠwere 75.0%(30/40), 37.5%(27/40), 80.0%(32/40), in groupⅡ were 47.5%(19/40), 40.0%(16/40), 45.0%(18/40), and there were significant differences (P < 0.05). The tourniquet tolerance rate in group Ⅰwas significantly higher than that in groupⅡ:90.0%(36/40) vs. 62.5%(25/40) , P<0.05. In groupⅠ, phrenic nerve block occurred in 2 patients, and Horner syndrome occurred in 1 patient. None had laryngeal recurrent nerve block in both group. Conclusions The interscalene brachial plexus combined with ulnar nerve block guided by nerve stimulator is more suitable for a long time microsurgery of the palm or wrist, because it takes action faster, has better sensory and motor block effects, improves the rate of tourniquet tolerance without increasing untoward reaction.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504041

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of self made balloon with side hole on no reflow ( NR) after emergency percutaneous coronary intervention ( PCI ) .Methods 48 patients with NR after PCI in our hospital were randomized into two groups , which were group A ( n=24 , patients received self made perfusion balloons with holes ) and group B ( n=24 , patients using direct guiding catheter ) and through respective devices intravascular tirofiban and verapamil were given .TIMI flow grade, recovery of myocardial enzymes and ST-segment elevation , LVEF and the incidence of MACE were compared between the 2 groups.Results Among patients in group A , the percentage of immediate postoperative TIMI Ⅲflow (79.2%vs.45.8%,P=0.032), ST segment resolution of more than 50% (83.3% vs.54.2%,P =0.029 ) and LVEF after 1 months [ ( 54.92 ±12.32 )% vs. ( 47.67 ±12.15 )%, P =0.046 ] were significantly higher than patients in group B .The CK peak value of patients in group A [ ( 1018.62 ± 732.34)mmol/L vs.(1497.75 ±858.63)mmol/L, P =0.043], CK-MB peak values [(113.84 ± 76.53 ) mmol/L vs.( 172.74 ±93.56 ) mmol/L, P=0.021 ] and MACE rates ( 0 vs.16.7%, P=0.037 ) were lower than those of patients in group B .Conclusions The use of self-made perfusion balloon with side hole for the treatment of NR patients after emergency PCI is convenient , easy and effective.

16.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 64-68, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488496

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease1 (APE1) in primary small cell carcinoma of esophagus(PSEC) ,then investigate the relationship between these SNPs and the prognosis.Methods Sixty cases first-treated patients with PSEC were recruited, patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and healthy blood donors were recruited as positive and negative controls.APE1 (Asp148Glu) of the patients with PSEC and controls were genotyped by the TaqMan method.Every patient was treated with platinum-based chemotherapy(EP regimen for PSEC and TP regimen for ESCC)and radiotherapy(3D-CRT) ,then every case was followed-up for 2 years.The relationship between these SNPs and the follow-up outcome was analyzed.Results Compared with the ESCC group and control group, APE1 148 pure mutant(Glu/Glu) of PSEC group increased significantly(PSEC group was 40% (12/30), ESCC group was 13.3% (4/30) , control group was 10% (2/20)), the difference was statistically significant (x2 =7.248,P =0.027).According to data of following-up, there was a significant increase in rate of progress (1year:40.0% (12/30) vs 16.7% (5/30), x2 =4.022, P =0.045;2 years: 86.7% (26/30) vs 40.0% (12/30) ,P =0.004) and a significant decrease in survival (33.3% (10/30) vs 76.7% (23/30)) of PSEC compared with ESCC.The SNPs of APE1 Asp148Glu was significantly correlated with frequency of progress, a significant increase was found in rate of progress of the patients with mutant type(Asp/Glu±Glu/Glu) compared with wild genotype(1 year: 50.0%(11/22) ,x2 =3.854,P=0.05;2 years: 81.8% (19/22) ,x2 =10.519,P =0.001) ,the survival of the patients with mutant genotype was significantly lower than wild type (22.7% (5/22) ,x2=10.77,P=0.001).Conclusion The most of polymorphisms of APE1(Asp148Glu) are mutation type in PSEC.Pure mutant genotype (APE1 148Glu/Glu) carry significant enhancement of progression.The polymorphisms of APE1 (Asp148Glu) maybe one of those molecular mechanisms of high frequency of progress and poor prognosis in PSEC.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488177

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of ultrashort wave therapy on edema and inflammatory reaction after spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats. Methods 56 Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into sham-operated group (n=8), model group (n=24) and ultrashort wave group (n=24). The model was established with Allen's method. The sham-operated group was exposed endorhachis without hit. The ultra-short wave group was exposed to ultrashort wave radiation 7 minutes, once a day, 24 hours after modeling until the animals were sacrificed. Locomotors functional recovery was assessed every week post operation period by BBB score. Immunohistochemical staining was per-formed to observe the expression of the aquaporin-4(AQP-4) and ED-1. Results The BBB scores increased in the model group and the ultra-short wave group after treatment, and was higher in the ultrashort wave group than in the model group from 1 week after treatment (t>3.368, P3.156, t>4.466, P<0.05). Conclu-sion Ultrashort wave therapy can alleviate the edema after SCI, reduce the activation and infiltration of inflammatory cells, and promote the recovery of neurological function.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 411-414, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497026

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical and pathological features of lupus erythematosus profundus (LEP)of the scalp in children.Methods A retrospective study was carried out on 5 children with LEP.The clinical and histopathological features,treatment and prognosis of LEP were analyzed.Results The 5 children with LEP included 2 boys and 3 girls with a median age at onset of 5 months (range,2-38 months) and a median clinical course of 15 months (range,4-72 months).Clinically,the patients presented with arc-shaped or circular purple atrophic plaques on the scalp complicated by alopecia.The occipitalia and tempora were the most commonly involved sites.Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and extractable nuclear antigens (ENAs) were negative in all the patients.Main histopathological changes were hyaline degeneration of the fat,mucin deposition and local aggregation of lymphocytes in fat lobules.Of the 5 patients,2 were treated with oral prednisone (1.5-2 mg/kg/day),1 with oral hydroxychloroquine (5 mg/kg/day),1 with oral prednisone (1.5 mg/kg/day) combined with hydroxychloroquine (5 mg/kg/day),and another 1 with topical halometasone cream and 0.03% tacrolimus ointment.Lesions were remissed after 2-3 months of treatment,and subsided with growth of new hairs after 6 months.No recurrence was observed during a 1.5-year follow-up.Conclusion Prednisone and hydroxychloroquine are markedly effective for LEP,and pediatric patients with LEP may be treated by topical highpotency glucocorticoids and calcineurin inhibitors.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496184

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of early-stage exercise on function recovery and ED1 expres-sion after spinal cord injury. Methods Twenty-two SD rats were randomly divided into a control group ( n=8) , an exercise group ( n=8) and a sham-operated group ( n=6) . The control and exercise groups received T9 spinal cord contusions. The sham-operated group received only T9 laminectomy without spinal cord injury. Two rats died within 6 hours after the operation and 3 others were abandoned because of motor function recovery just after the spi-nal cord contusion. The remaining 17 were included in the statistical analysis: a control group of 6, an exercise group of 5 and a sham-operated group of 6. BBB scoring was conducted 2 days later and then weekly until 8 weeks after the operation. The exercise group began treadmill and wheel running exercise on day 2 and continued 5 times per week until the 8th week. After paraformaldehyde perfusion, fixation and embedding, frozen spinal cord slices were Nissl stained for ED1 and GFAP immunofluorescence measurements. Results Compared with the control group, the average BBB score of the exercise group was significantly higher at each week except weeks 2 and 4. By weeks 7 and 8, the exercised rats showed 13.60 and 14.60 BBB punctuation, which means that those animals took frequent, consistent, weight-supporting plantar steps, consistent with FL-HL coordination. That motor behavior was not achieved by the control group even occasionally. In terms of the tissue morphology and immunohistochemical staining results, the empty area was not significantly reduced in the exercise group compared with the controls, but the damaged area was significantly reduced. In addition, ED1 positive cells in the lesioned area were significantly reduced in the exercised group compared with the controls. Conclusions Exercise can promote the recovery of motor function after spinal cord injury. The mechanism may involve reducing the lesioned area and inflammatory response.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494611

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of bone marrow stromal cells(BMSCs)transplantation combined with low dose ultrashort wave (USW)radiation on functional recovery and the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP)and ED?1 after spinal cord injury(SCI)in rats,and further discuss its action mechanism. Methods Female Sprague?Dawley rats(n=30)were randomly divided into 5 groups:sham?oper?ated,as well as control,USW,BMSCs,and USW+BMSCs that were subjected to spinal cord injury(SCI). Basso?Beattie?Bresnahan(BBB)tests were carried out before the operation and at 1 d,1 week,2 weeks,3 weeks,4 weeks after SCI. 4 weeks later,animals were sacrificed and tissues were collected to make paraffin section. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to observe the expression of GFAP and ED?1. Results 4 weeks after SCI,BBB scores were significantly higher in the USW and USW+BMSCs groups than in the control group(both P<0.001). No signifi?cant difference was observed between the BMSCs group and control group. On the expression of GFAP ,only USW+BMSCs group showed signifi?cantly decreased compared with the control group(P<0.05). All treatment groups exhibited lower ED?1 expression than the control group(all P<0.05). Conclusion Our results indicate that USW radiation alone can obviously improve neural functional recovery after SCI. The USW radi?ation and BMSCs transplantation treatment can reduce inflammation ,and USW radiation is more effective. The combination therapy did not show a synergistic action on promoting functional recovery ,but do have an effect on reducing the inflammatory response and glial scar formation.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL