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1.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 142-150, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004995

ABSTRACT

  Objective  This study aimed at describing the frequency of rare variants of monogenic cerebral small vessel diseases (CSVD) in a cohort of patients with CSVD, and to explore its clinical relevance.  Methods  This study included CSVD patients visiting the Neurology Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital(PUMCH) from March 2017 to January 2022, collecting their demographic and clinical information and DNA samples for whole-exome sequencing. Descriptive analysis and statistical analysis were conducted exploring the differences between monogenic CSVD-related gene mutation carriers and noncarriers.  Results  A total of 292 patients were included, 51.03% of whom carried one or more rare variants of monogenic CSVD-related genes. The most common rare low-frequency variants were located in the NOTCH3 gene (70 patients, 23.97%), followed by HTRA1 and COL4A1/COL4A2 (22 patients, 7.53%) respectively. Among the subgroup of patients without a family history of stroke (n=176), the frequency of rare variants was as high as 47.16%. Compared with non-carriers, the carriers were diagnosed at a younger age (58.76±13.71 vs. 63.46±13.21, P=0.003). No difference was found in phenotypes among single-SNP carriers, multiple-SNPs carriers, and noncarriers.  Conclusions  The frequency of rare mutation of monogenic CSVD-related genes were relatively high in Chinese CSVD cohort. The most common rare variant was within the NOTCH3, followed by HTRA1 and COL4A1/COL4A2 genes. For CSVD patients of unknown causes, genetic screening should not be neglected even if there is not a family history of the disease.

2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 303-310, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928813

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The expression of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) as a biomarker for immunotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is routinely detected in clinical pathology department. However, the spatial heterogeneity of PD-L1 expression in intrapulmonary tumors and extrapulmonary metastases is still a challenge for the clinical testing. This study aims to explore the differences of PD-L1 expression in test samples obtaining from different sites of NSCLC. This study may contribute to the detection strategy of PD-L1 in patients with advanced lung cancer.@*METHODS@#One hundred and thirty-one cases of consecutively detected PD-L1 (22c3 assay, Dako) staining in metastatic NSCLC and 972 cases of non-paired intrapulmonary NSCLC were collected. The discrepancies of tumor proportion score (TPS) of PD-L1 expression in intrapulmonary samples and extrapulmonary metastatic samples of different sites were compared.@*RESULTS@#The positive expression rate of PD-L1 in extrapulmonary metastatic NSCLC (TPS ≥ 1%) was 61.83%, and the TPS was significantly higher than that in intrapulmonary tumors (P=0.03). The PD-L1 scores of the specimens obtained from different sites were significantly different (P=0.007). The positive rates of PD-L1 in liver and adrenal metastases were 85.71% and 77.78% respectively, and their TPS were significantly higher than that of the intrapulmonary samples (P<0.05). The positive rates of PD-L1 in lymph node, bone, brain, soft tissue, and pleural metastases was 40.00%-66.67%, with no significant differences compared to intrapulmonary tumors. The analysis of histological subtype and sample type showed that the PD-L1 score of extrapulmonary samples of adenocarcinoma subtype or surgical specimen was significantly higher than that of intrapulmonary tumors. The analysis of clinicopathological parameters showed that the PD-L1 positive expression or high expression were significantly correlated with male patients, smoking history, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) wild type.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression of PD-L1 in metastatic NSCLC is generally higher than that in intrapulmonary tumor, and the positive rate of PD-L1 expression was discrepant in different sites of specimen. The differences of PD-L1 score between extrapulmonary metastatic samples and intrapulmonary samples may be associated with different metastatic sites, histological subtype, and specimen type.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Immunohistochemistry , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 204-210, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885404

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether there were changes in midbrain morphology related to motor function in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD).Methods:The study was conducted on a subset of patients with CSVD registered at the Department of Neurology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2010 to 2018. All magnetic resonance imaging images were taken with a 3.0 T nuclear magnetic resonance imager. The measurement of anteroposterior diameter of the mesencephalon and the tegmentum of mesencephalon was performed on a personal computer with the image processing software RadiAnt DICOM Viewer. Several clinical manifestations of dyspraxia, dysphagia, dysarthria and dysuria were evaluated by interviewing the patient and family members living with the patient. Kinect depth camera combined with self-developed software platform was used to conduct quantitative evaluation of patients′ motor function. Three parameters, namely walking speed, walking time of three meters and time of standing up and sitting down, were selected from the obtained parameters. SPSS 17.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 176 patients were included, aged 30-88 (64.16±11.57) years. One hundred and fifteen patients were males, accounting for 65.34%. In patients with CSVD, anteroposterior diameter of the mesencephalon and the tegmentum of mesencephalon were negatively correlated with age ( B=-0.032, P<0.001; B=-0.020, P=0.006). The anteroposterior diameter of the mesencephalon was negatively correlated with symptoms of dyskinesia ( OR=0.006, 95% CI 0-0.135, P=0.001), even when the age and gender were adjusted ( OR=0.014,95% CI 0-0.416, P=0.013). The anteroposterior diameter of the mesencephalon was negatively correlated with symptoms of dysuria ( OR=0.046,95% CI 0.002-0.936, P=0.045), but no longer correlated when the age and gender were adjusted. The anteroposterior diameter of tegmentum of mesencephalo was also negatively correlated with symptoms of dyskinesia ( OR=0.035,95% CI 0.002-0.684, P=0.027), but no longer correlated after adjusting for age and gender. Video recording and evaluation of motor function were performed on 87 patients. Spearman correlation analysis showed that none of the three motor function scores was correlated with age or gender. The anteroposteric diameter of the midbrain was positively correlated with walking speed ( r=0.231 ,P=0.040) and negatively correlated with walking time of three meters ( r=-0.304, P=0.005), but not with standing up and sitting down time, while the anteroposteric diameter of tegmentum of mesencephalo was not correlated with all of them. Conclusion:There are changes in mesencephalon morphology in patients with CSVD, structural parameters of mesencephalon are related to motor function and urination function, and mesencephalon atrophy may be an independent related factor for symptoms of dyskinesia in patients with CSVD.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1289-1291, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796516

ABSTRACT

Patients in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with serious complications such as malignant ventricular arrhythmia and cardiogenic shock couldn't receive emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures and had high perioperative mortality. A case of AMI patients who suffered cardiac arrest and long-term cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was admitted to the department of critical care medicine of the First People's Hospital of Foshan. With the assistance of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), PCI and intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) were performed. ECMO and ventilator were successfully weaned after anti-shock, mechanical ventilation, organ support treatment. The patient was successfully treated and discharged. After 6 months of follow-up, the patient recovered well in heart function.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1417-1419, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791092

ABSTRACT

Patients in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with serious complications such as malignant ventricular arrhythmia and cardiogenic shock couldn't receive emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures and had high perioperative mortality. A case of AMI patients who suffered cardiac arrest and long-term cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was admitted to the department of critical care medicine of the First People's Hospital of Foshan. With the assistance of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), PCI and intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) were performed. ECMO and ventilator were successfully weaned after anti-shock, mechanical ventilation, organ support treatment. The patient was successfully treated and discharged. After 6 months of follow-up, the patient recovered well in heart function.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1289-1291, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791068

ABSTRACT

Patients in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with serious complications such as malignant ventricular arrhythmia and cardiogenic shock couldn't receive emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures and had high perioperative mortality. A case of AMI patients who suffered cardiac arrest and long-term cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was admitted to the department of critical care medicine of the First People's Hospital of Foshan. With the assistance of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), PCI and intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) were performed. ECMO and ventilator were successfully weaned after anti-shock, mechanical ventilation, organ support treatment. The patient was successfully treated and discharged. After 6 months of follow-up, the patient recovered well in heart function.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 732-738, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797859

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Isolated cortical venous thrombosis (ICoVT) has a low incidence and is easily to be misdiagnosed. The clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of three cases of ICoVT were analyzed in order to improve the level of diagnosis and treatment.@*Methods@#The clinical manifestations, examination, imaging and pathological features of three patients with ICoVT admitted to our hospital were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#All the three patients had acute onset. The main symptoms were headache, seizures, numbness of one limb and mental disorders. Intracranial pressure was normal. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed abnormal signals located in cortical sulcus and subcortex. Point and linear hypointensity could be seen on T2* or susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) -weighted image. Digital subtraction angiography was performed in one case, showing occlusion of cortical veins. Protein S decreased in two patients, two patients with hyperhomocysteinemia and one patient with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. The clinical and imaging manifestations of three patients were spontaneously alleviated. Brain biopsy was performed in two patients, and meningeal biopsy was performed in one patient due to significant meningeal thickening.@*Conclusions@#The clinical manifestations and routine MRI of ICoVT lack specificity and are easy to be misdiagnosed. However, ICoVT patients are often associated with risk factors for thrombophilia. T2* or SWI sequences are sensitive to the diagnosis of ICoVT. Brain biopsy has implications for the diagnosis and it is helpful for differential diagnosis, but the indications should be strictly controlled.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 732-738, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756059

ABSTRACT

Objective Isolated cortical venous thrombosis (ICoVT) has a low incidence and is easily to be misdiagnosed. The clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of three cases of ICoVT were analyzed in order to improve the level of diagnosis and treatment. Methods The clinical manifestations, examination, imaging and pathological features of three patients with ICoVT admitted to our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Results All the three patients had acute onset. The main symptoms were headache, seizures, numbness of one limb and mental disorders. Intracranial pressure was normal. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed abnormal signals located in cortical sulcus and subcortex. Point and linear hypointensity could be seen on T2* or susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI)?weighted image. Digital subtraction angiography was performed in one case, showing occlusion of cortical veins. Protein S decreased in two patients, two patients with hyperhomocysteinemia and one patient with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. The clinical and imaging manifestations of three patients were spontaneously alleviated. Brain biopsy was performed in two patients, and meningeal biopsy was performed in one patient due to significant meningeal thickening. Conclusions The clinical manifestations and routine MRI of ICoVT lack specificity and are easy to be misdiagnosed. However, ICoVT patients are often associated with risk factors for thrombophilia. T2* or SWI sequences are sensitive to the diagnosis of ICoVT. Brain biopsy has implications for the diagnosis and it is helpful for differential diagnosis, but the indications should be strictly controlled.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 209-213, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745283

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily verify the feasibility of utilizing TG119 report to commission the volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans.Methods Based on the test cases mentioned in TG119 report,7-/9-field intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and dual-arc VMAT plans were devised by using two types of beam energy (6 MV and 10 MV) in the Eclipse TPS system according to the requirement of this report.All the plans were verified using 0.125cc semiflex thimble ionization chamber,MatriXX and Delta 4,respectively.The final results were statistically compared with the results measured by multiple institutions in the TG119 report.Results The resuhs of both IMRT and VMAT plans met the requirement of the TG119 report.The discrepancy of point dose in the high/low dose region of VMAT plans using different photon beams was ranged from-2.55% to 2.55%,and ± 1.85% for the IMRT plans.The percentage of γ passing points (±3%/3 mm) for the IMRT plans using 6 MV and 10 MV photon beams was 99.38% and 99.53%,99.32% and 99.46% for the VMAT plans.The γ passing rate of the compound field exceeded 98%.Conclusions The VMAT plans with 6 MV and 10 MV photon beams meet the requirement of the TG119 report.TG119 report provides certain guidance for establishing a benchmark for dosimetry verification of the VMAT plans.

10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 384-389, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806578

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and drug related adverse reactions of sorafenib and sunitinib as first-line tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs) for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) and analyze the clinical prognostic factor for survival.@*Methods@#The data of 271 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who had complete clinicopathological data were retrospectively analyzed, including 174 cases in sorafenib group and 97 cases in sunitinib group, to access patients′ overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Prognostic values of all characteristics were determined by using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models.@*Results@#The objective response rates (ORR) of the sorafenib and sunitinib groups were 14.9% and 19.6%, respectively, and the disease control rates (DCR) were 85.1% and 88.6%, respectively. No significant difference was found between the sorafenib and sunitinib group in ORR (P=0.325) or DCR (P=0.408). The most common grade 3 to 4 adverse events in the sorafenib group were hand-foot syndrome (6.7%), diarrhea (2.3%), and rash (2.3%). The most common grade 3 to 4 adverse events in the sunitinib group were neutropenia (6.2%), hand-foot syndrome (6.2%), and thrombocytopenia (4.6%). During the follow-up, 97 cases death occurred and 81 cases disease progression occurred in sorafenib group. The median PFS was 12 months (95% CI: 9-15 months), and the median OS was 25 months (95% CI: 21-29 months) in sorafenib group. While 74 cases death occurred and 40 cases disease progression occurred in sunitinib group, the median PFS was 12 months (95% CI: 10-12 months) and the median OS was 23 months (95% CI: 20-32 months) in sunitinib group. No significant difference was found between the sorafenib and the sunitinib group in PFS (P=0.771) or OS (P=0.548). Multivariate analysis showed Fuhrman grades (HR=1.358, 95%CI: 1.004-1.835), number of metastatic sites (HR=1.550, 95%CI: 1.143-2.101) and MSKCC risk grade (Intermediate risk group: HR=1.621, 95%CI: 1.117-2.232; Poor risk group: HR=2.890, 95%CI: 1.942-4.298) were independent prognostic factors for PFS. Fuhrman grades (HR=2.135, 95%CI: 1.533-2.974), number of metastatic sites (HR=1.774, 95%CI: 1.279-2.461) and MSKCC risk grade (Intermediate risk group: HR=1.415, 95%CI: 1.002-1.998; Poor risk group: HR=3.161, 95%CI: 2.065-4.838) were independent prognostic factors for OS.@*Conclusions@#The results of this study indicate that sorafenib and sunitinib are both effective as the first-line TKIs for mRCC patients and sorafenib has comparable efficacy to sunitinib. But they have differences in the incidence of adverse effects. Fuhrman grades, number of metastatic sites and MSKCC risk grade are independent prognostic factors for mRCC patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 263-267, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710947

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical,therapeutic and prognostic features of patients with lateral sinus stenosis and isolated intracranial hypertension,and further explore the possible mechanisms of their coexistence.Methods We retrospectively enrolled 16 patients with neurosurgery in our hospital from January 2009 to December 2016,who were clinically diagnosed as simple intracranial hypertension with bilateral or predominant lateral sinus stenosis and lateral stenting.These 16 patients were recorded surgical procedures and postoperative outcomes,and followed-up to understand the long-term prognosis of them.Results There were 14 females in the 16 patients,with an average age of (32.4 ± 10.1) years,a mean duration of (10.9 ± 7.3) months,and an average body mass index of (28.9 ± 3.6) kg/m2.In terms of clinical manifestions,majority of the patients presented with headache (n =15) and visual symptoms (n =14),and all with papilledema by fundus examination.The elevated opening cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure was noticed:five cases between 25-33 cmH2O (1 cmH2O =0.098 kPa),11 cases more than 33 cmH2O.The mean pressure difference in the proximal and distal sinus of the anterior chamber was (36.3 ± 9.4) cmH2O in the range of 15-91 cmH2O.The pressure difference between the two ends of the stenosis disappeared immediately after the operation in 12 cases and the pressure difference less than 15 (2-12) cmH2O in four cases.Thirteen patients underwent lumbar puncture at one week after operation.The CSF pressure of them decreased significantly,of which eight were in the normal range.Six months after the operation,11 patients underwent DSA/MRV,none of which had serious surgical complications.With the average follow-up of (35.4 ± 9.8) months,the overall prognosis of these patients was good.Headaches in 14 of 15 patients were improved,out of which 12 were free of headache,two with only mild headache and a slight intracranial hypertension (19 and 23 cmH2O,respectively);visual complaints were reversed in nine out of 14 cases;10 patients underwent fundus examination,and nine of them were observed the improvement of papilledema.During the follow-up period,the symptoms of other patients were improved (headache relief and visual improvement) except one,the overall effective ratio being 15/16.Conclusions The interventional treatment of lateral sinus stenting is effective in patients with sinus stenosis associated with simple intracranial hypertension.The stenosis of the lateral sinus may be the main mechanism of increased intracranial pressure.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 362-366, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709532

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the influence of abiraterone acetate (AA) on neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and the prognostic predicting value of the serum NED markers in mCRPC patients treated with AA.Methods We conducted an analysis in 115 chemotherapy-naive mCRPC patients who were treated with chemotherapy in Renji hospital from 2013 to 2017.The median age was 70,ranged from 65 to 76 years old.The median CgA,NSE and PSA levels were 101.1 ng/ml (78.5-150.0 ng/ml),13.4 ng/ml (10.5-17.6 ng/ml) and 38.8 ng/ml (11.2-123.2 ng/ml),respectively.Among them,48 cases were classified as the group without AA treatment.The other 67 cases were classified as group after AA failure.In group without AA treatment,the median CgA,NSE and PSA levels were 109.1 ng/ml(80-151.5 ng/ml);13.8 ng/ml(10.8-18.2 ng/ml) and 39.2 ng/ml (8.6-200 ng/ml),respectively.In group after AA failure,the median CgA,NSE and PSA levels were 105.4 ng/ml(78.8-175.5 ng/ml),13.8 ng/ml(10.8-17.6 ng/ml) and 39.0 ng/ml(8.4-219.8 ng/ml),respectively.In the group with serial evaluation of NED markers during AA treatment,the median serum CgA,NSE levels at baseline were 115.9 ng/ml(90.1-201.5 ng/ml),13.3 ng/ml (10.4-18.1 ng/ml),respectively.The endpoints were PSA PFS(progression-free survival) and radiographic PFS (rPFS).Results In 34 patients with serial evaluation,serum NED markers level in 19 patients increased after the failure of AA treatment.Median serum CgA and NSE levels were 115.9 ng/ml(90.1-201.5 ng/ml)and 13.25 ng/ml (10.37-18.14 ng/ml) at baseline.Median serum CgA and NSE levels were 129.6ng/ml (75.5-230.5 ng/ml) and 14.7 ng/ml (11.8-19.1 ng/ml) after 6 months treatment,respectively.The median serum CgA and NSE levels were 130.4 ng/ml (95.7-205.7 ng/ml) and 15.2 ng/ml(12.4-18.7 ng/ml) at the time of failure of AA treatment,respectively.There was no significant difference of NED markers between baseline and failure of AA treatment (P =0.243).In logistic univariate analysis,AA treatment and its duration were not independent factors influencing NED(P =0.30;P =0.52).Compared with the NED markers elevation group in the first 6 months of AA treatment and baseline supranormal NED markers group,the NED markers decline group(PSA PFS(17.1 vs.10.4 months,P < 0.001) and rPFS (17.0 vs.10.4 months,P =0.003)) and baseline normal NED markers group(PSA PFS(14.1 vs.9.5 months,P =0.001) and rPFS(16.4 vs.10.5 months,P < 0.001)) has a longer median PSA PFS and rPFS respectively.In multivariate Cox analysis,baseline NED markers level and NED markers variation during the first 6 months of AA treatment remained significant predictors of rPFS(P < 0.05),and PSA-PFS (P < 0.05).Conclusions We found there was heterogeneity in changes of NED markers in different mCRPC patients during AA treatment,and AA might not significantly lead to progression of NED of mCRPC in general.Serial CgA and NSE evaluation might help clinicians guide clinical treatment of mCRPC patients.Serum NED markers elevation during the first 6 months of AA treatment and elevated baseline NED markers levels indicated poor prognosis in mCRPC treated with AA.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 401-406, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697021

ABSTRACT

Objective To figure out the status of blood glucose fluctuations in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM)and explore its influencing factors. Methods A total of 105 T2DM cases were subjected to multiple surveys with questionnaires pertaining to general patient information,diabetes self-management,medical responses and social support as well as rating scales for the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index and positive and negative emotions.Furthermore,the continuous glucose monitoring system(CGMS, Medtronic) was used to examine their blood sugar dynamics. Results The outcome of dynamic blood sugar monitoring showed,the standard deviation of blood glucose(SDBG)concentration was(2.41±0.91) mmol/L,the mean amplitude of glycemic excursion(MAGE)per day was(4.01±1.86)mmol/L,the median of glycemic excursion (LAGE)was 5.3 mmol/L,the median of the M-value was 5.13 mmol/L,the median for the means of daily difference(MODD)was 1.84 mmol/L and the median for low blood glucose indexes (LBMI)was 1.08 mmol/L. According to the results derived from multiple stepwise regression analyses, which used blood sugar fluctuation parameters as the variances. The results showed that: annual family income,glycosylated hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c),and diabetes self-management were shown to account for 51.5% of total SDBG variations;HbA1c,diabetes self-management,annual family income,social support and obedience could account for 76.3% of total MAGE variations;HbA1c,negative emotions and annual family income could account for 63.8% of total LAGE variations;HbA1c,annual family income,diabetes self-management and educational status could account for 52.3% of total M-value variations; HbA1c, negative emotions, diabetes self-management, annual family income and sleep quality could account for 48.0% of total MODD variations; HbA1c, annual family income and gender could account for 20.4% of total LBMI variation. Conclusions The T2DM patients, by contrast, demonstrated greater blood sugar fluctuations. HbA1c, annual family income, diabetes self-management, sleep quality, negative emotions and obedience were the main determinants that affect such fluctuations.

14.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 57-59,63, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606156

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of two different mechanical ventilation modes of bi-level positive airway pressure ventilation(BIPAP)and synchronized intermittent ventilation (SIMV)on the respiratory function and clinical curative effect in children patients with severe hand foot and mouth disease(HFMD)complicating neurogenic pulmonary edema.Methods Thirty children patients with severe HFMD complicating neurogenic pulmonary edema receiving mechanical ventilation were divided into the SIMV group (control group)and BIPAP group (experimental group).The lung protective ventilation strategy was applied in both groups.After 30 min use of SIMV and positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP)ventilation,the experimental group changed to use the BIPAP ventilation mode,while the control group still used the initial parameters.The airway peak pressure,alveolar plat-form (Pplat)pressure,lung compliance,pH value,arterial blood CO2 partial pressure (PaCO2 )and oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2 )at 0 h (baseline value),24,48,72 h after mechanical ventilation were monitored.Besides,the duration of mechanical ventila-tion,28 d mortality rate and the length of ICU stay were observed.Results Thirty children patients smoothly spent their acute re-spiratory failure period.One case in each group during the later period of treatment was transferred to the other hospital for contin-uous therapy.Among them the transferred case in the control group finally died due to give up treatment.The rest 28 cases all were cured and discharged from hospital.The 28 d mortality rates in the two groups were 6.67% and 0% respectively,with no statistical difference (P >0.05).Compared with the control group,the airway peak pressure,Pplat and PaCO2 after mechanical ventilation for 24,48,72 h in the experimental group were significantly decreased(P <0.05);the lung compliance and PaO2/ FiO2 improvement was significantly higher than that in the control group(P <0.05);meanwhile the duration of mechanical ventilation and the length of ICU stay in the experimental group were shorter than those in the control group (P <0.05).Conclusion The BIPAP mode used in the mechanical ventilation therapy of the children patients with severe HFMD complicating neurogenic pulmonary edema can pro-vide better effective ventilation,improve oxygenation and respiratory function,and shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 526-529, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513828

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the imaging manifestations and clinical characteristics of Askin tumor.Methods 12 cases of Askin tumor confirmed by surgically and histopathologically were included in this study.The MSCT signs and clinical data were summarized.Results In 12 cases of Askin tumor,7 cases located in the chest wall;7 case were hospitalised with rapid enlargementd painful lump(58.3%,7/12).9 cases were performed surgery and postoperative radio chemotherapy,6 patients experienced metastatic or recurrent tumors during the following year(66.7%,6/9).Askin tumor often occurred in the chest-lung junction region,had the diameters of 2.0-13.0 cm,11 cases showed inhomogeneous density (91.7%,11/12), 1 case showed calcification (8.3%,1/12), ill-defined margin(100%,12/12),12 cases showed intense but inhomogeneous enhancement following contrast administrationin (100%,12/12),11 cases had the feature of pleura invasion (91.7%,11/12), 9 cases with pleural effusion(75.0%,9/12), 1 case with swollen lymph nodes in mediastinum(8.3%,1/12), and 4 cases with lytic lesion of adjacent bone(33.3%,4/12).Conclusion Askin tumor often occurrs in the chest-lung junction region with rapid enlargementd painful lump as the primary symptom;the tumor show the infiltration diffuse growth;calcification and adjacent lymph node metastasis is not very common.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1714-1717, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the method for simultaneous determination of related substances in Amlodipine hydrochlo-rothiazide and valsartan tablets. METHODS:HPLC method was used. The determination was performed on Symmetry C18 column with mobile phase consisted of water-acetonitrile-trifluoroacetic acid(90:10:0.1,V/V/V)and water-acetonitrile-trifluoroace-tic(10:90:0.1,V/V/V)(gradient elution)at the flow rate of 0.6 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 237 nm(impurity A) and 225 nm(impurity B,C,D). The column temperature was 30 ℃. RESULTS:The linear range of impurity A,B,C,D were 93.43-987.34 ng/mL(r=0.9994),12.27-255.92 ng/mL(r=0.9996),78.96-657.17 ng/mL(r=0.9999),28.39-218.16 ng/mL(r=0.9997),respectively. The limits of quantitation were 91.27,11.35,78.31,26.56 ng;the limits of stability and detection were 22.98,3.13,19.17,8.16 ng. RSDs of precision tests were lower than 2.0%. Only impurity A was found in repeatability test,RSD=0.79%. Recoveries were 99.4%-100.6%(RSD=0.41%,n=9),98.9%-102.0%(RSD=1.04%,n=9),99.4%-100.9%(RSD=0.56%,n=9),98.6%-101.2%(RSD=0.92%,n=9),respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple,rapid,sensitive and repeatable,and can be used for the determination of related substance in Amlodipine hydrochlorothiazide and valsartan tablets.

17.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1344-1347, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609270

ABSTRACT

Objective Mini presentation is a new teaching model, which is performed by interns based on a typical case or disease at the medical ward.The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of mini presentation on clinical neurologic teaching actions, according to a survey results in the interns.Methods A total of eighty-nine clinical medical students in Peking Union Medical College finally responded to the survey questionnaire, including ten questions regarding the mini presentation.Results 69.23% of the interns and 22.3% of the probationers have performed mini presentation at the neurological wards.Conclusion 43.82% of the students agreed that mini presentation was very necessary.80.9% of the students supported that mini presentation was helpful to their clinical reasoning of the neurology.ConclusionsMini presentation could motivate the independent learning interests of the students, and could improve the teaching quality in neurology.It is worth to practice and popularize further.

18.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 515-519, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616514

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and cardiovascular risk factors of silent brain infarct (SBI) in Shunyi Cohort.Methods This study was based on the population based Shunyi Study in China.One thousand and twenty-seven stroke-free participants older than 35 years,who completed cerebral MRI,were included.Cardiovascular risk factors were assessed by interview,physical examination and blood sample tests.SBI was evaluated on 3D-T1WI,T2WI and FLAIR sequences.Associations between risk factors and SBI were analyzed by Logistic regression and adjusted for age,sex,and relevant confounders.Results One thousand and twenty-seven participants,aged (55.9 ± 9.4) years,37.7% male,were assessed.One hundred sixty-four participants(16.0%) had SBI on MRI.The prevalence of SBI increased by age (every 10 years,OR=2.12,95% CI 1.74-2.58,P<0.01).Hypertension(OR =2.67,95% CI 1.77-4.04,P<0.01),diabetes(OR=2.48,95% CI 1.64-3.76,P<0.01) and smoking(OR=1.98,95% CI 1.08-3.62,P =0.028) were significantly associated with SBI.Conclusions The prevalence of SBI in this Chinese population is 16.0%,which increases with age.Hypertension,diabetes and smoking are associated with SBI.

19.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 284-287, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469027

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate current situation of prescription of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for acute stroke patients.Methods From June 2008 to October 2010,with simple cluster sampling,48 centers were randomly assigned to the intervention group receiving a standardized treatment strategy,and the usual care group without specific recommendations for treatment.No specific recommendations or restrictions of TCM were proposed for both groups.Consecutive hospitalized patients with acute ischemic stroke were recruited in this study.Clinical data and treatment strategy (including TCM) were recorded by trained investigators.The prescription of TCM three months prior to admission and at discharge was recorded and analyzed.The chi-square test was used for analysis of qualitative data.Results Totally 3 664 patients were included in the analysis (1 709 patients in standard care group and 1 955 patients in the usual care group) with male to female ratio 2∶ 1.The difference of distribution of age,sex and education level between the two groups was not statistically significant.One hundred and eighty-seven patients (5.10%) had taken TCM three months prior to admission,81.28% of them only taking one type of TCM,without significant difference between the two groups.The percentage of patients taking TCM at discharge was significantly increased to 30.65% for all the patients with higher percentage (38.16%) in the usual care group than that in the standard care group (22.06%).The percentage of using more than one type of TCM was also higher in the usual care group (x2 =141.43,P < 0.01).Totally,112 types of TCM were prescribed at discharge.Conclusions Nearly one third of hospitalized patients with acute stroke were prescribed TCM at discharge,with mostly monotherapy and a great variety.

20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 103-107, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469022

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical feactures of patients with numerous dilated Virchow-Robin space in basal gangalia.Methods Eight patients with cribriform state in striatum in brain MRI at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from March 2013 to October 2013 were enrolled.The clinical data including age,gender,common vascular risk factors and clinical manifestations were analyzed.Cognitive functions,balance and gait disturbance,as well as activity of daily living were assessed.Results All of the eight patients are male,aged from 69 to 80.All the patients had a history of hyperlipidemia,while 7 of them had hypertension.The primary complaint was either gradual motor function decline or memory impairments (3/8),or dizziness (1/8).The other 4 of them were diagnosed as stroke or transient ischemic attack.Among the 8 patients,four had mild deterioration in activity of daily living function (Barthel index 65-85).Cognitive impairment was common (8/8,the Montreal Cognitive Assessment scores 19-27),while word recall was the mostly affected cognitive domain (8/8).Gait and balance dysfunction were found in three patients (3/8,Tinetti scores ≤ 24).Conclusions Man is more likely to have predisposition to cribriform state in striatum.Mild cognitive impairments and gait abnormality are common clinical manifestations of the disease.

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