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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of exercise stress echocardiography combined with left ventricular two-dimensional speckle tracking layer-specific strain technique in evaluating subclinical myocardial damage and reserve function in patients with hypertension.Methods:A total of 51 healthy subjects(control group) and 55 hypertensive patients (hypertension group) were enrolled in the treadmill exercise stress test in Sichuan Provincial People′s Hospital from October 2018 to January 2020. According to the European Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension, the inclusion criteria for patients with hypertension were: blood pressure≥140/90 mmHg or who explicitly took antihypertensive drugs, and related cardiovascular diseases were excluded. The conventional parameters of resting and peak exercise, including left ventricular mass index, left ventricular end-diastolic volume index and left ventricular ejection fraction et al, were analyzed by speckle tracking software in two groups. According to the standard images in the resting and peak exercise, the endocardium /mid-myocardium /epicardium of left ventricular (three-, two-, four-chamber and global) longitudinal strain and circumferential strain (papillary muscle level) were compared respectively in two groups. The characteristics of strain differences and the systolic function reserve between the resting and peak exercise were evaluated.Results:There were significant differences in conventional ultrasound parameters between resting and peak exercise period in hypertension group, except E/A and e/a ratio (all P<0.05), and E/e value increased significantly(12.1±0.38) during peak exercise, indicating impaired diastolic reserve function. The longitudinal and circumferential layer-specific strain values from endocardial to epicardial were gradually decreased in both two groups. Compared with the control group, the resting longitudinal and circumferential endocardial strain values in hypertensive group were decreased, and the differences were more obvious at peak status, for instance global longitudinal endocardium strain at rest[control group (24.4±1.5)%, hypertension group (20.4±2.3)%], peak status[control group (30.8±2.8)%, hypertension group (22.8±2.9)%]( P<0.05). There were no significant differences of the partial layer-specific strain values between the peak exercise and resting status in hypertension group, while peak layer-specific strain of the control group were all significantly increased, suggesting that the left ventricular systolic reserve function of hypertension patients was lower than that of the control group. Conclusions:Left ventricular layer-specific strain can effectively evaluate the myocardial function in patients with hypertension, especially the endocardial strain can be used as an indicator parameter, and the peak exercise stress state is more sensitive. The systolic and diastolic reserve function of the left ventricle in patients with hypertension at the peak period are reduced to different degrees. Exercise stress echocardiography combined with left ventricular layer-specific strain technique can be used as a new method for detection of myocardial function impairment in patients with hypertension.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1026-1032, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932357

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the left ventricular (LV) myocardial mechanical dysfunction in patients with cirrhosis using ultrasonic layer-specific strain imaging and to explore its value in clinical application.Methods:A total of 80 consecutive cirrhosis patients without cardiovascular diseases were prospectively enrolled from October 2020 to March 2021 in Sichuan Provincial People′s Hospital, 39 of whom were assigned to the compensated group and 41 were assigned to the decompensated group according to the occurrence of portal hypertension. Forty-three healthy volunteers during the same period were randomly recruited as the control group. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed to assess the LV configuration and functional parameters. LV global longitudinal strain in endocardial, middle and epicardial myocardium (GLSendo, GLSmid, GLSepi), and longitudinal strain (LS) in basal, middle and apical segments, and peak strain dispersion (PSD) were obtained using ultrasonic layer-specific strain imaging. ΔLS was calculated by the formula of GLSendo-GLSepi. Then, the differences of related parameters among three groups were compared.Results:①Conventional echocardiography: compared with the control group, the interventricular septum end-diastolic thickness (IVSTd), left ventricular posterior wall end-diastolic thickness (LVPWd), left ventricular mass (LVM) and LVM index (LVMI) were increased in compensated and decompensated groups (all P<0.05), while no significant differences in conventional echocardiographic parameters were identified between the two cirrhosis groups (all P>0.05). ②Global layer-specific strain: compared with the control group, GLSendo, GLSmid, GLSepi and ΔLS were decreased and PSD was increased in compensated and decompensated groups (all P<0.05); Moreover, the decompensated group showed a more impaired GLSendo, GLSmid and GLSepi than compensated group (all P<0.05), whereas there were no significant differences of ΔLS and PSD between the two groups(all P>0.05). ③Segmental layer-specific strain: compared with the control group, LS values of three layers in compensated and decompensated groups were reduced at basal, middle and apical levels (all P<0.05); Compared with the compensated group, LS values of three layers in decompensated group tended to be reduced at above there levels, but only apical segments had significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusions:There are different degrees of LV mechanical dysfunction in patients with variable severity of cirrhosis. Ultrasonic layer-specific strain imaging has the potential to quantitatively assess the state of cardiac involvement in patients with cirrhosis and to provide visual evidence for the early and accurate diagnosis of myocardial injuries.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756429

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the transmural myocardial strain in three specific layers of the left ventricle at the papillary muscle level in short-axis view in SD rats before and after doxorubicin administration usmg myocardial layer-specific strain imaging based on two-dimensional ultrasound speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI),and to demonstrate the myocardial mechanical characteristics of doxorubicininduced early-stage acute cardiac toxicity in rats.Methods Thirty-two SD male rats weighing 300-350 g were randomly divided into a doxorubicin group (DOX group,n=16) and a control group (n=16).In the doxorubicin group,doxorubicin hydrochloride (concentration,2 mg/ml) was injected intraperitoneally at a single dose of 12 mg/kg,while the control group was given equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution.LVEDD,LVESD,IVSd,LVPWd,FS,and LVEF were measured and derived using two-dimensional gray-scale echocardiography at the left ventricular papillary muscle level in short-axis view at three time points (before administration and 24 and 48 hours after administration).The circumferential strain in the subendocardium,medium,and subepicardium at the left ventricular papillary muscle level in short-axis view were obtained using ultrasonic 2D-STI.The values of FS,LVEF,and the global myocardial circumferential strain in different layers of the left ventricular wall at the papillary muscle level in short axis view at three time points were compared between the two groups.After echocardiographic examinations at 48 h and 72 h,the hearts of three rats in each group were randomly selected,sliced,and HE-stained for myocardial pathological observation.Results In both groups,there was a circumferential strain gradient of the left ventricular wall at the papillary muscle level in the short-axis view:subendocardium > medium > epicardial myocardium.In the DOX group,the circumferential strain in the subendocardial myocardium decreased at 48 hours after DOX administration;the difference was statistically significant between the two groups (-25.13± 10.6 vs -17.04± 2.89,t=2.3,P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in myocardial circumference strain in the three layers,as well as LVEDD,LVESD,IVS,LVPW,FS,or LVEF at three time points between the control group and DOX group (P > 0.05).The pathological changes were mainly myocardial cell edema,vascular degeneration,myocardial nucleus atrophy,dissolution,interstitial edema,and capillary dilatation in the doxorubicin group,which were especially obvious in subendocardial cardiomyocytes.Conclusion 2D-STI technology based layer-specific strain imaging could be used to detect and quantitatively evaluate the deformation damage of the transmural left ventricular wall in SD rats.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754842

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the damage of longitudinal mechanical parameters of left ventricular myocardium by ultrasonic layer‐specific strain imaging in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus ( SLE ) without conventional evidence of cardiovascular system involvement . Methods Seventy‐eight patients suffered from SLE without conventional evidence of cardiovascular system involvement ( SLE group ) and 48 healthy volunteers with age and sex matched ( control group ) were selected for this study . T he left ventricular conventional structure and functional parameters were measured by conventional echocardiography . T hen layer‐specific strain imaging was performed in both groups to obtain left ventricular endocardial myocardial global longitudinal strain ( GLSendo ) ,mid‐myocardial GLS ( GLSmid) ,epicardial GLS ( GLSepi) and basal segment ,middle segment and apex longitudinal strain ( LS) of all three layers of the myocardium . T hen the transmural difference of the GLS ( ΔLS = GLSendo -GLSepi) were calculated . T he related parameters between these two groups were compared for difference and correlation analysis of related mechanical parameters were also made . Results ① T here was no significant difference in the left ventricular ejection fraction ( LVEF ) and left ventricular stroke volume ( LVSV ) between the two groups ( all P >0 .05 ) ; Compared with the control group ,the mean E/e in the SLE group was increased and the E/A ,E ,e were decreased ( all P <0 .05) ; however ,the incidence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in the SLE group ( 2/78 ) was not significantly different from that in the control group ( 0/48 ) ( P >0 .05 ) . ② T he myocardial global longitudinal strain( GLS ) of the two groups were decreased from endocardial to epicardial gradient ; the values of GLS and segmental LS of all three layers in the SLE group were decreased ( all P <0 .05) ; the ΔLS of the SLE group was decreased compared with the control group ( P < 0 .05 ) ; the value of peak strain dispersion ( PSD ) were increased in SLE patients ( P < 0 .05 ) . ③ T he correlation analysis showed the GLS of each layer of myocardium in SLE patients were negatively correlated with disease duration ( rs = -0 .34~ -0 .36 ,all P < 0 .05 ) and SLE disease activity index ( SLEDAI) ( rs = -0 .25~ -0 .30 ,all P <0 .05 ) . Conclusions T he ultrasonic layer‐specific strain imaging can quantitatively detect the damage of mechanical parameters of left ventricle in SLE patients ,w hich is more sensitive than the conventional echocardiography in evaluating left ventricular systolic function . It may provide visual evidence for early diagnosis of cardica dysfunction in SLE patients .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754819

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate left ventricular myocardial systolic function in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome ( OSA HS) with normal left ventricular ejection fraction( LVEF) using three‐dimensional strain echocardiography . Methods One hundred patients with OSA HS were divided into mild group ,moderate group and severe group according to apnea hypopnea index ( A HI) w hile matched with 32 healthy people as control group . T he parameters such as three‐dimensional LVEF ,global longitudinal strain( GLS) ,global circumferential strain( GCS) ,global area strain( GAS) ,global radial strain ( GRS) ,twist and torsion based on standard three‐dimensional echocardiography were measured by three‐ dimensional strain echocardiography , the above parameters among the four groups were compared for difference .Linear correlationship between A HI ,LVEF and the three dimensional strain parameters was analyzed respectively . Results ①T here was no significant difference in three‐dimensional LVEF ,twist and torsion between each groups( P >0 .05 ) . ②GLS ,GAS and GRS were lower in mild ,moderate and severe group compared with control group ,decreasing along with the disease severity ( P <0 .01 or P < 0 .05 ) . GCS in severe group was lower than that in control group ( P <0 .01 ) . ③GLS and GAS in severe group were lower than those in mild group ( all P <0 .05) .GRS in moderate and severe group were lower than that in mild group( all P < 0 .05 ) ,GAS ,GRS in severe group was lower than those in moderate group ( P <0 .05) . ④T here was a mild correlation between GLS and A HI ( r =0 .342 , P <0 .01) ,GAS and A HI ( r=0 .294 , P <0 .01) ,GRS and A HI ( r = -0 .411 , P <0 .01 ) . T here was a mild correlation between GCS and three‐dimensional LVEF ( r= -0 .354 , P <0 .01 ) ,GAS and three‐dimensional LVEF ( r = -0 .326 , P <0 .01) ,GRS and three‐dimensional LVEF ( r =0 .300 , P <0 .01) . Conclusions T he left ventricular myocardial systolic function is impaired in all patients with OSA HS even with normal LVEF and the dysfunction is aggravating with the disease severity . Ultrasonic three‐dimensional strain imaging technology can be used to detect the subclinical myocardial systolic dysfunction quantitatively in the early stage of OSA HS patients .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754810

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate left ventricular ( LV ) myocardial mechanical transmural longitudinal displacement ( LD ) and radial displacement ( RD ) with contrast agent and different power irradiation in open‐chest Beagle canines by ultrasound velocity vector images ( VVI) workstation . Methods T he anesthetized open‐chest Beagle canines were assigned into two groups randomly :Group A ( n =6) for baseline ,diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation ( 300 mW) 5 min ,combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min conditions ; Group B ( n = 6 ) for baseline and intensity ultrasound irradiation ( 1 W ,2 W and 3 W ,5 min respectively) conditions . T he standard short‐axis and long‐axis gray‐scale view s during three complete cardiac cycles in open‐chest Beagle canine models were acquired . T he peak LD subendomyocardium ( LD‐subendo) ,LD subepimyocardium ( LD‐subepi) ,RD subendomyocardium ( RD‐subendo) and RD subepimyocardium ( RD‐subepi ) of LV were analyzed using a dedicated Syngo VVI method . Results In group A ,the LV LD‐subendo ,LD‐subepi ,RD‐subendo and RD‐subepi in the most of segments showed increasing trend in diagnostic power irradiation ,contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min compared with baseline condition ,however the differences were not significant ( P >0 .05 ,respectively) . T he peak LD‐subendo and LD‐subepi ,RD‐subendo and RD‐subepi of LV in group A with the same condition were significant different ( all P <0 .05) . In group B ,LV LD‐subendo in ultrasonic power 3 W was lower than baseline condition ( P < 0 .05 ) ,LV RD‐subendo was higher compared with baseline condition ( P <0 .05) . T he peak LD‐subendo and LD‐subepi ,RD‐subendo and RD‐subepi of LV in group B with the same condition were significant different ( all P < 0 .05) . Conclusions On ultrasonic power 3 W ,LV LD‐subendo is decreased resulting to negative inotropic effect and RD‐subendo is increased to maintain the normal heart work .LV LD and RD on diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation 5 min , combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min ,contrast agent 20 min conditions ,ultrasonic power 1 W and 2 W are not prominent changes .

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745159

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical ultrasound value of layer‐specific strain in evaluation of left ventricular systolic myocardial dysfunction of uremia patients after long‐time dialysis at different time . Methods A total of 68 uremia patients accepted maintenance hemodialysis ( M HD ) were enrolled . T he patients were divided into two groups according to the dialysis duration :dialysis time <3 years ( group B , n=31) and dialysis time ≥3 years ( group C , n =37) . T he age and sex mached healthy cases were selected as control group ( group A , n = 30 ) . T he standard dynamic two‐dimensional echocardiographic viewes of apical four‐chamber ,three‐chamber ,two‐chamber and the short‐axis view at three levels of mitral valve , papillary muscle and apex were acquired for three cardiac cycles . T he highest value of peak systolic longitudinal strain ( LS ) ,circumferential strain ( CS ) at different levels ,left venrticular global longitudinal strain ( GLS ) and global circumferential strain ( GCS ) were respectively assessed from endocardium ,mid‐myocardium and epicardium using GE EchoPAC workstation . T he comparisons of those parameters were performed among the 3 groups for differences . T he efficacies of GLS and GCS at different myocardial layers in diagdosing the left ventricular systolic function of M HD patients were analyzed by the ROC curve . Results ① Global transmural parameters :compared with those in group A ,the values of GLS at three myocardial layers in both M HD groups were significantly decreased ( all P < 0 .01 ) ,the value of GLS at three myocardial layers in group C was also decreased ,and was statistically different from that in group B ( P<0 .01) . Compared with those in group A ,the values of GCS at mid‐myocardium in group B and three myocardial layers in group C were also decreased ( all P <0 .01) . T here was no significant difference of GCS between group B and C ( P >0 .05) . ②Longitudinal transmural parameters at different levels :the values of LS at three myocardial layers of mitral valve ,papillary muscle and apex were decreased in group B and C compared with those in group A ( P <0 .05 or P <0 .01) ; T he values of LS at three myocardial layers of mitral valve ,papillary muscle and apical levels were also decreased in group C compared with those in group B ( P <0 .05 or P <0 .001) . ③Short‐axis transmural parameters at different levels :compared with those in group A ,the value of CS at mid‐myocardium of mitral valve level was decreased in group B ( P <0 .05) ,the values of CS at three myocardial layers of the mitral valve level and mid‐myocardium of papillary muscle level and apical level were decreased in group C ( P <0 .05 or P <0 .01) . Besides ,compared with those in group B ,the values of CS at mid‐myocardium and epicardium of mitral valve level were also decreased in group C ( P <0 .05) . ④ROC curve showed that determining left ventricular systolic dysfunction in M HD patients using GLS ,GCS at different myocardial layers ,when the area under the curve ( AUC ) of GLS of intima was 0 .851 ,the cut‐off value was -21 .45% ,the sensitivity was 72 .7% ,and the specificity was 93 .3% ; when the AUC of GCS of mid‐myocardium was 0 .683 ,the cut‐off value was -17 .08% , the specificity was 58 .5% , and the specificity was 83 .3% . Conclusions T he left ventricular systolic myocardial function is progressively damaged with the extended dialysis duration time . Ultrasonic layer‐specific strain technology could be used to quantitatively evaluate left ventricular systolic transmural myocardial dysfunction and might contribute to the evaluation of the severity of left ventricular myocardial dysfunction clinically for a more accurate intervention .

8.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1030-1035, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734215

ABSTRACT

Objective To reveal the early elastic dysfunction of common carotid artery may have occurred in systemic lupus erythematosus( SLE) patients ,the circumferential strain parameters of common carotid artery intima in SLE patients at different serum complement levels were quantitatively evaluated by layer-specific strain imaging . Methods Seventy-two patients suffered from SLE without evidence of atherosclerosis were enrolled ,and the results of laboratory examination of serum complement C 3 in patients with SLE were recorded in detail ,49 cases of SLE patients whose serum C3 was lower than the normal reference range(SLE C3+ group) ,23 cases of SLE patients whose serum C3 was in the range of normal reference value(SLE C3 - group) . And a matched healthy control group ( n =38) were selected . Carotid ultrasound were performed in all three groups ,and the common carotid artery conventional parameters ,such as common carotid artery intima-media thickness ( CCA-IM T ) ,peak systolic velocity ( PSV ) ,end-diastolic velocity(EDV) ,resistance index(RI) and circumferential strain related parameters ,such as circumferential strain of common carotid artery intima(CSendo) and circumferential strain rate(CSr) were measured and derived.Therelatedparametersamongthosegroupswerecomparedfordifference.Results ①Therewas no significant difference in RI among the three groups(all P >0 .05) . The values of CCA-IMT in the SLE C3+ group and SLE C3- group were larger than that in the control group( all P <0 .05) . ②The values of CSendo and CSr in the SLE C3+ group and SLE C3 - group were lower than those in the control group ,the values of SLE C3+ group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P <0 .001) ,and there was no significant difference between the SLE C3- group and control group( P >0 .05) . ③The CSendo and CSr in the SLE C3+ group were lower than those in the SLE C3- group(all P < 0 .05) . Conclusions CSendo which is provided by new ultrasonic technology of layer-specific strain combined with recent changes in serum complement C3 may provide visual evidence for assessing early elastic disfunction of carotid intima in SLE patients .

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707752

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical efficacy and safety of microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of autonomous functional thyroid nodules(AFTN) . Methods Sixty-seven nodules of 53 AFTN patients who refused or were not suitable for surgical resection and 131I therapy were enrolled in the study . All the nodules were evaluated by ultrasound ,color Doppler flow imaging ( CDFI) and contrast enhanced ultrasound(CEUS) ,and all of them were benign and confirmed by pathology . And then ,percutaneous MWA was performed . Fluid isolation and mobile ablation were used to completely inactivate the nodules ,and CEUS was used to evaluate the efficacy of the treatment . The following items included thyroid hormone level ,nodule volume ,nodular blood supply ,thyroid radionuclide imaging ,conscious symptom ,beauty score and complication . Finally ,the factors influencing the curative effect were analyzed . Results The follow-up period was at least 12 months . Compared with before treatment ,the differences of thyroid hormone level , the volume of nodules ,the nodule blood supply were statistically significant ( P < 0 .01) . The 61 hot nodules" changed to cold or warm nodules" . The differences between the improvement ratio of conscious symptoms and beauty scores were statistically significant( P < 0 .05) . The cure ratio in this study was 81 .13% ,and the incidence of complications was 11 .32% ,and the recurrence ratio was 4 .48% . The nodule volume≥14 .04 ml or in a dangerous position were the main factors affecting the curative effect . Conclusions MWA can inactivate the AFTN in situ ,make it lose the secretory function and reduce the volume of nodules . Therefore ,percutaneous MWA guided by ultrasound and CEUS treatment of AFTN can be regarded as another safe and effective treatment besides surgical resection or 131I therapy .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707728

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate left ventricular ( LV ) myocardial mechanical rotation and twist with contrast agent and different power irradiation in open-chest beagle canines by ultrasound velocity vector images ( VVI ) . Methods The anesthetized open-chest Beagle canines were assigned into two groups randomly :group A ( n = 6 ) for baseline ,diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation ( 300 mW ) 5 min , combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min conditions ;group B ( n = 6) for baseline and intensity ultrasound irradiation ( 1 W ,2 W and 3 W ,5 min respectively ) conditions . The standard short-axis gray-scale views at basal level (BL) ,and apical level( AL) during three complete cardiac cycles in open-chest beagle canine models were acquired . The peak subendomyocardium rotation ( subendo-rot) ,subepimyocardium rotation ( subepi-rot) of BL and AL were analyzed using a dedicated Syngo velocity vector imaging ( VVI) method and LV subendomyocardium twist ( subendo-twi) and subepimyocardium twist ( subepi-twi) were defined as apical subendo-rot/subepi-rot - basal subendo-rot/subepi-rot . Results In group A ,the LV subendo-twi ,subepi-twi ,subendo-rot and subepi-rot of BL and AL in the most of segments were significant different on diagnostic power irradiation ,contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min ( P < 0 .05 ) compared with baseline condition ;LV subendo-twi was higher than subepi-twi in group A under the same condition ( P < 0 .05) . In group B ,LV subendo-twi ,subepi-twi and subendo-rot ,subepi-rot of BL and AL on power 1 W ,2 W were higher and subendo-twi ,subepi-twi on power 3 W were lower than those on baseline condition ( P < 0 .05) ;There was no difference in subendo-rot and subepi-rot of LV BL compared with baseline condition ( P > 0 .05) ;subendo-rot and subepi-rot of LV AL were different compared with those on baseline condition ( P < 0 .05) ;LV subendo-twi and subepi-twi in group B under the same condition were significant difference ( P < 0 .05) . Conclusions LV rotation and twist increase on diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation 5 min ,combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min ,contrast agent 20 min conditions ,1 W and 2 W ;LV twist and AL rotation decrease on ultrasound power 3 W ,but BL rotation is not affected on ultrasound power 3 W .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707716

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantify the diastolic average energy loss ( EL) of left ventricle in patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension ( PIH ) by vector flow mapping ( VFM ) technique and explore the clinical significance of EL in evaluating left ventricular diastolic function in patients with PIH . Methods Fifty-seven cases of singletonic PIH in late pregnancy ( PIH group) and 38 cases of the third trimester normal singleton pregnancy (control group) were enrolled in this study . VFM were used to analyze the total average energy loss ( ELt) and average energy loss at the basal level ( ELb) ,the papillary muscle level ( ELp) ,and the apical level ( ELa) in isovolumic relaxation ,rapid filling ,mid-diastol and atrial systole phases ,and the differences between the two groups were compared . The correlation between ELt and E/e in both groups were analyzed . Results In PIH group ,ELt ,ELb ,ELp and ELa in the mid-diastolic and atrial systolic phases were significantly higher than those in control group ( all P < 0 .01 ) ;ELt ,ELp ,ELa in isovolumic diastolic phase and ELt ,ELb and ELa in fast filling phase were higher than those in control group ( all P < 0 .05) . There was a positive correlation between ELt and E/e in isovolumic diastolic phase ,rapid filling phase and atrial systolic phase in PIH group ( r = 0 .326 ,0 .386 ,0 .403 ;all P < 0 .05) . There was a positive correlation between the ELt of fast filling and atrial systolic phases and E/e in control group ( r =0 .498 ,0 .371 ;all P < 0 .05 ) . Conclusions Increased left ventricular diastolic flow EL in PIH patients reflects the abnormal intraventricular hemodynamic changes ,and it is related to left ventricular diastolic function parameters for the quantitatively evaluation of PIH patients ,and might be feasible to reveal the extent and mechanism of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction .

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707713

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate left ventricular ( LV ) myocardial mechanical synchrony with contrast agent and different power irradiation in open-chest Beagle canines . Methods The anesthetized open-chest Beagle canines were assigned into two groups randomly : Group A ( n = 6 ) for baseline , diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation ( 300 mW ) 5 min ,combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min conditions ;Group B ( n = 6) for baseline and intensity ultrasound irradiation ( 1 W ,2 W and 3 W ,5 min respectively) conditions . The standard short-axis gray-scale views at levels of mitral annulus ( MV) ,papillary muscle( PM ) ,and apex( AP) during 3 complete cardiac cycles in open-chest Beagle canine models were acquired . The global radial displacement peak time ( RD-PT) and standard deviation of peak time ( RD-PT SD ) of LV subendomyocardium ( subendo ) and subepimyocardium ( subepi ) were measured and analyzed by using a dedicated Syngo velocity vector imaging ( VVI) method . Results In group A ,compared with baseline condition , the RD-PT and RD-PT SD of subendo and subepi had no significant different among diagnostic power irradiation ,contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min ( all P < 0 .05) . There was no significant different in the RD-PT and RD-PT SD between subendo and subepi in A group in all conditions ( all P < 0 .05) . In group B ,the RD-PT and RD-PT SD of subendo and subepi with power 1 W ,2 W and 3 W was higher than those with baseline condition ;the RD-PT and RD-PT SD of subendo were significant different on 2 W compared with those on baseline condition ( all P <0 .05) ;the RD-PT and RD-PT SD of subendo ,subepi were significant different on 3 W compared with baseline condition ( all P < 0 .05) ;the RD-PT and RD-PT SD were significant difference between subendo and subepi in only 3 W condition ( all P < 0 .05 ) . Conclusions Diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation 5 min and combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min conditions do not effect the synchrony of LV myocardial mechanics . Power more than 1 W can induce the delay of RD-PT and RD-PT SD of LV subendo and subepi . Power 3 W can result in dyssynchrony of LV myocardial mechanics .

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707682

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the heterogeneity of the left ventricular reference value in echocardiography mesurements by Meta analysis. Methods A literature retrieval in PubMed,Embase, Medline and other databases from January 2005 to September 2017 related to left ventricular normal reference value in healthy adults was performed. Cohrane′s Q test was used to test the heterogeneity,and I2 was used as a statistic for the description of heterogeneity. Subgroup analysis,sensitivity analysis and Meta regression were used to analyze the sources of heterogeneity. Results The Meta analysis enrolled 9 studies including 5 933 normal cases. The heterogeneity test showed that the left ventricular normal reference value of echocardiography was highly heterogeneous among the studies. In subgroup analysis, some measurements′ heterogeneity were significantly reduced. Meta regression analysis showed that the contribution of racial specificity to heterogeneity was relatively high in some measurements. Conclusions The heterogeneity of left ventricle is mainly related to racial specificity,but it cannot fully explain the heterogeneity between studies. Further studies are needed to demonstrate the involved factors of heterogeneity of left ventricular normal reference values.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707639

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes of left ventricular structure and cardiac function in patients after video-assisted thoracic pneumonectomy by ultrasonic vector flow mapping (VFM) and quantitatively evaluate the diagnostic value of left ventricular flow energy loss(EL) for pneumonectomy patients with impaired cardiac function.Methods Thirty-six pneumonectomy patients were selected as case group and 30 health cases as control group.The echocardiographic parameters were acquired and left ventricular volume,left atrial volume and parameters of left diastolic founction were routinely measured.The EL of the left ventricularat early diastole and late diastole under the VFM mode were acquired.Results ①Left ventricular volume and left atrial volume comparsion:there was no significant difference in left ventricular end diastolic volume(LVEDV),left ventricular end systolic volume (LVESV),left ventricular ejective fraction(LVEF),and left atrial end diastolic volume(LAVd) between the two groups (all P > 0.05);left atrial end systolic volume(LAVs) and left atrial emptying volume(LAVe) in case group were mild lower than control group(P <0.05).②Comparsion of diastolic function parameters:E,A,E/e and HR of case group were significant higher than those in control group (all P <0.05),EDT and E/A ratio in case group were significant lower than those in control group (all P < 0.05),there was no significant difference of IVRT between two groups (P >0.05).③Comparison of EL at early diastole:only ELTB and ELAM had mild difference between case group and control group (all P <0.05).④Comparison of EL at late diastolic:EL of entirety and each segment of left ventricle of case group increased (all P < 0.05).Conclusions VFM can quantitatively evaluate the left ventricular flow characteristics after video assisted thoracic pneumonectomy,and the increase in EL may reflect the left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients after pneumonectomy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707619

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of left ventricular energy loss (EL) in the systolic left ventricular hemodynamic changes in hypertensive patients by ultrasonic flow vector imaging (VFM). Methods Ninty-eight hypertensive patients were divided into non left ventricular hypertrophy group (NLVH group) and left ventricular hypertrophy group (LVH group) according to the left ventricular mass index(LVMI).Thirty-one healthy adults were erolled as control group.The average total energy loss (EL-T),basal energy loss (EL-B),middle energy loss (EL-M) and apical energy loss (EL-A) of each isovolumic contraction phase,fast ejection phase and slow ejection phase were obtained by VFM,the difference among the three groups were compared.Results ①EL-T and EL-B in isovolumic phase,rapid ejection phase and slow ejection phase in NLVH group were higher than those in control group ( P <0.05 or P <0.01);EL-T,EL-B,EL-M and EL-A in isovolumic phase,rapid ejection phase and slow ejection phase in LVH group were all higher than those in control group ( P <0.05 or P <0.01);EL-M in isovolumic phase and rapid ejection phase,EL-T,EL-B,EL-M and EL-A in slow ejection phase in LVH group were higher than those in the NLVH group ( P <0.05 or P <0.01).② There was a positive correlation between EL-T and LVMI (r=0.311, P < 0.01),EL-B and LVMI ( r = 0.219, P < 0.05),EL-M and LVMI( r = 0.207, P <0.05),EL-T and LVEF( r = 0.340, P < 0.05),EL-B and LVEF( r = 0.367, P < 0.01) in isovolumic contraction phase.There was a positive correlation between EL-B and LVEF( r = 0.359, P < 0.01) in rapid ejection phase.There was a positive relation between EL-B and LVEF( r =0.352,P <0.05) in slow ejection phase.Conclusions The EL of systolic peroid in hypertensive patients increased,which suggests that the left ventricular hemodynamic changes abnormally,VFM can accurately evaluate the changes of hemodynamic during systole.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667143

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the coupling relationship between segmental longitudinal strain and left ventricular volume at different phases of the cardiac cycle by two dimensional speckle tracking imaging. Methods 2D grey scale images of 41 healthy adults were acquired,and time curve of left ventricular volume (LVV),segmental longitudinal strain(LS)and segmental longitudinal strain rate(LSr)were outputed by analysis software.The correlations between LVV and LS or LSr in isovolumic relaxation time(IVRT),the rapid filling time(RFT),the atrial filling time(AFT)and the ejection time(ET)were analyzed respectively. Results ①IVRT:LS in basal segment,middle segment,apical segment of interventricular septum,in apical segment,basal segment of the lateral wall,and in middle segment of inferior wall were low-moderate negatively correlated with LVV;only LSr in middle segment of anterior wall was negatively correlated with LVV(P<0.05).② RFT:LS in middle segment,apical segment of interventricular septum,in apical segment of the lateral wall were negatively correlated with LVV;LSr in basal segment,middle segment, apical segment of interventricular septum,in apical segment,middle segment,basal segment of lateral wall, in middle segment,basal segment of inferior wall were low-moderate negatively correlated with LVV(P <0.05).③AFT:LS in basal segment of inferior wall,in apical segment,basal segment of the anterior wall were low negatively correlated wtih LVV(P <0.05).④ET:LS in basal segment,middle segment,apical segment of interventricular septum,in apical segment,basal segment of the lateral wall were low negatively correlated with LVV(P <0.05);only LSr in apical segment of lateral wall was negatively correlated with LVV(P<0.05).Conclusions LS or LSr in special segments of interventricular septum,lateral wall, anterior wall and posterior wall are actively participate in the volume change of the left ventricle in healthy adults,specific myocardial segments of left ventricular wall are involved in left ventricular volume changes.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663524

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the left ventricular(LV)myocardial mechanical changes with contrast agent and different power irradiation in open-chest beagle canines.Methods The anesthetized open-chest beagle canines were assigned into two groups randomly:group A(n=6)for baseline,diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation(300 mW)5 min,combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min conditions;group B(n=6)for baseline and intensity ultrasound irradiation(1 W,2 W and 3 W,5 min respectively)conditions.The peak circumferential strain(CS),longitudinal strain(LS)and radial strain(RS)of LV myocardial wall were measured and analyzed using a dedicated Syngo velocity vector imaging(VVI)method.Results In group A,the peak CS and LS were increased significantly on diagnostic power irradiation,contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast agent 20 min(all P <0.05,respectively) compared with baseline condition;there was no significant difference of the peak RS on diagnostic power irradiation,contrast agent irradiation 5 min and contrast 20 min compared with baseline condition(P >0.05).In group B,the peak CS and LS were higher on power 1 W than on baseline condition(P <0.05), the peak RS was increased gradually on power 1 W than on baseline condition(P >0.05);the peak CS,LS, RS were lower on power 2 W than on baseline condition(P >0.05);the peak of CS,LS were lower on power 3 W than on baseline condition(P <0.05);the peak of RS was decreased gradually without significant changes between power 3 W on baseline condition(P >0.05).Conclusions These findings indicate potential positive inotropic effects with diagnostic ultrasound power irradiation 5 min,combined with contrast agent irradiation 5 min,contrast agent 20 min conditions,power 1 W and negative inotropic effects with power 3 W on LV myocardial CS,LS deformation.LV myofiber deformation reactions appear no significant differences on LV myocardial RS deformation in same disturbed setting.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611533

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the aortomitral angle(AMA)changes in primary hypertension patients with left ventricular normal configuration (LVN) by echocardiography,and explore the correlation with left ventricular systolic function.Methods LVN group included 54 patients,control group included 79 healthy subjects.All subjects were examined by conventional echocardiography,the 2-dimensional gray-scale dynamic images of 5 consecutive cardiac cycles were collected by routine echocardiography;from parasternal left ventricular long axis,the related AMA at the starting isovolumic contraction time (S-IVCT),S-wave peak(SP),starting isovolumic relaxation time(S-IVRT),and starting-end diastole(SD) were measured respectively based on the tissue Doppler imaging,calculating the angle difference(⊿θ) as well as the rate of the angle change.The global systolic longitudinal strain(GLS) and circumferential strain (GCS) of left ventricle were measured by 2-dimensional speckle tracking and quantitative analysis software.Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was measured by Simpson′s biplane method.Results Compared with control group,the ⊿θ and AMA of each phases in cardiac cycles of LVN group were increased (P<0.05);Compared with control group,the GCS of the left ventricular was increased in LVN group (P<0.05).There was a correlation between AMA of the S-IVCT and that of GLS or GCS,and the LVEF of the left ventricular in the control group (r=-0.18,P=0.04;r=-0.17,P=0.04;r=-0.19,P=0.03).Conclusions AMA angle in patients with LVN is significantly greater than the normal population value,which may be to maintain effective left ventricular systolic function and could be used as an quantitative indicator to assess the left ventricular remodeling in patients with LVN.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608755

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of 3D-TEE,2D-TEE,CTA and X-ray contrast in assessing left atrial appendage (LAA) shape,size and guidance for the choice of occlusion.Methods Forty-three cases of left atrial fibrillation who were referred for LAA closure were performed TEE to measure the opening maximum diameter,and maximum depth of 2D-TEE at 0°,45°,90° and 135°.When LAA showed most clearly,the opening maximum and minimum diameter of LAA were measured by using 3D-ROOM mode,and the results were compared with those measured by CTA and X-ray contrast.Results There was no significant difference for opening maximum diameter of LAA measured by 3D-TEE,2D-TEE and X-ray contrast (all P>0.05),but that of CTA statistically larger than 3D-TEE,2D-TEE,X-ray contrast (all P<0.01).There were significant difference between 2D-TEE at 90°,135° and CTA,2D-TEE at 135° and X-ray contrast in assessing maximum depth of LAA (all P<0.05).Opening maximum diameter of LAA measured by 3D-TEE was significantly correlated with each angle of 2D-TEE,CTA,and X-ray contrast (r=0.70-0.77,0.57,0.58,all P<0.01),and the opening maximum diameter measured by 2D-TEE also correlated with CTA and X-ray contrast (r =0.57-0.71,0.45-0.51,all P<0.01).Also the opening maximum diameter measured by 3D-TEE,2D-TEE,CTA and x-ray contrast were correlated with occluder size (r=0.93,0.70-0.77,0.57,0.47,all P<0.01).Conclusion Compared with 2D-TEE,CTA and X-ray contrast,3D-TEE is more instructive for occluder selection.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619721

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the echocardiographic characteristics of embolism and in-hospital mortality in patients with infective endocarditis using three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE).Methods Retrospective review of 124 patients with native valve infective endocarditis was performed to examine its characteristics by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D TTE),multi-plane and 3D TEE.The primary endpoint was embolism and mortality that occurred within one month before or after operation.The combined simple score was calculated by assigning 1 point each for the presence of large vegetation,abscess or fistula,rupture of valvular chord,moderated or severe valvular regurgitation and perforation or serious valvular destruction.Hosmer and area under the curve was calculated to predict embolism and adverse events with the combined simple score,length of vegetation,serious valvular destruction with abnormal morphology.Results In 124 patients,embolic events occured in 27 cases (27/124,21.77%).Multi-plane and 3D TEE can identify the exact location and length of vegetation compared with 2D TTE,which miss-diagnosed vegetation in left atrium and papillary muscle.The clinical presentation of embolism patients was remarkable for lower hemoglobin level (P<0.05).The ratio of multi-located vegetation,mortality and serious valvular destruction with abnormal morphology were higher in embolism and adverse events patients than those in non-embolism and adverse events patients (all P<0.05).The area under the curve of combined simple score,lengh of vegetation for embolisms and adverse events and serious valve destruction with abnormal morphology for embolism and adverse events were 0.65 (P=0.06),0.60 (P=0.19)) and 0.70 (P=0.03).Conclusion Multi-plan and 3D TEE plays a key role in the diagnosis of patients with infecitive endocarditis,especially vegetations in occasional location.Serious valve destruction with abnormal morphology is associated with embolism and adverse events.

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