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1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 269-272, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744295

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the drug sensibility of Brucella from bovine and sheep in Xinjiang.Methods Using paper diffusion method,19 drugs of 8 kinds of antibiotics including aminoglycosides,macrolides,sulfonamides,tetracyclines,β-lactams,fluoroquinolones,chloramphenicols and rifamycins,were tested.Drug sensitivity test was conducted on 57 Brucella strains isolated from bovine and sheep in Xinjiang from 2010 to 2016.Results The 57 Brucella strains were highly sensitive to doxycycline,tetracycline,streptomycin,tobramycin,gentamicin,amikacin,amoxicillin,ofloxacin,fleroxacin,ciprofloxacin and chloramphenicol,with the sensitivity rates were all higher than 90%;and they were highly resistance to azithromycin,clarithromycin and bactrim,with the drug resistance rates were all higher than 80%.Conclusion Brucella from bovine and sheep in Xinjiang is sensitive to tetracyclines,aminoglycosides,β-1actams,fluoroquinolones and chloramphenicols.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 265-268, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744294

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify molecular typing of Brucella abortus isolates in Xinjiang,and determine the identification ability of multiple locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA).Methods The optimized Brucella AMOS-PCR was used for identification of Brucella (n =7) genus and species in Xinjiang from 2010-2015,and MLVA-16 was used to further identify the isolates.Results were compared with the data of the Brucella standard strain provided by the http://mlva.u-psud.fr database.Cluster analysis was carried out with Bionumerics 6.6.Results The results of AMOS-PCR and MLVA-16 were identical,all were Brucella abortus.Further classification results of the MLVA-16 showed that the strain in Xinjiang was type 3 of Brucella abortus,which was basically the same as that of the domestic Brucella.Conclusions The molecular typing of isolates separated in Xinjiang is type 3 of Brucella abortus.MLVA can identify Brucella at the level of species,and highly sensitive to Brucella biotype and isolates differences,which provides a basis for the traceability and evolution of brucellosis epidemic strains.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2685-2690, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To introduce Pharmaceutical Care Network Europe (PCNE) classification system to develop medication therapy management (MTM), and to investigate the application of PCNE classification system in solving drug-related problems (DRPs) in type 2 diabetic patients and the effect of it on clinical outcomes. METHODS: The patients with type 2 diabetes diagnosed in endocrinology department of our hospital from Jul. 10, 2018 to Oct. 31, 2018 were randomly divided into clinical pharmacist-led intervention (“physician-pharmacist-nurse” mode) group and control group receiving only traditional medical services (“physician-nurse” mode). According to PCNE classification, the number of DRPs found in the pharmaceutical intervention group, the types of problems, causes, the types of interventions, acceptance for interventions and outcomes were analyzed and evaluated. Drug compliance (the highest score is 8) and HbA1c compliance (<7%) were compared between 2 groups during hospitalization (or at the discharge) and 3 months after discharge. RESULTS: Totally 76 cases were included (40 cases in pharmaceutical intervention group and 36 cases in control group). During hospitalization, 51 DRPs were found in the pharmaceutical intervention group, among which 42 problems were related to the effectiveness of treatment, mainly due to improper usage and dosage (23 problems); the types of intervention was mainly aimed at the patient level (24 problems). 38 problems received intervention (acceptance rate was 74.51%) and 32 problems (62.75%) were completely solved. Compared with those at admission, after following up for 3 months patients with low score (6 points) in the drug compliance of the pharmaceutical intervention group decreased from 26 to 8 (P<0.000 1), patients with medium score (6-8 points) increased from 10 to 22 (P=0.006 2), patients with high score (8 points) increased from 4 to 10, and drug compliance improved significantly, while there was no significant change in drug compliance in the control group. Compared with those at the discharge, after 3 months’ follow-up, the HbA1c compliance rate of the pharmaceutical intervention group increased from 25.00% to 77.50%, and that of the control group increased from 25.00% to 55.56%. There were statistical differences (P<0.000 1), and HbA1c compliance rate of the pharmaceutical intervention group was significantly higher than that of the control group. CONCLUSIONS: In the practice of MTM service, clinical pharmacists use PCNE classification system to collect, analyze, intervene, solve and evaluate DRPs systematically. The service mode can provide reference for standardizing pharmaceutical care mode.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 542-547, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484539

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role of autophagy in the cardioprotection by orientin and the relative molec-ular mechanisms in cell apoptosis and autophay. Meth-ods The isolated ischemia reperfusion ( I/R ) heart model was built firstly. The Experiments were divided into seven groups:control group, I/R group, different concentrations of orientin-treated group ( 1. 0 mg · kg-1 ,2. 0 mg· kg-1 ,4. 0 mg · kg-1 ) , autophagy in-hibitor group and resveratrol group. Hemodynamic in-dex were recorded by PowerLab, the activities of myo-cardial enzymes were detected through Biochemical an-alyzer, the ultrastructure changes and autophagosomes in myocardial cells were detected by electron microsco-py, the apoptosis was detected by TUNEL, and LC3 and Beclin1 protein levels of left ventricle were meas-ured by Western blot. Results Orientin at middle and high concentrations(2 and 4 mg·kg-1 ) induced auto-phagy shown by increased the number of autophago-somes, LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ ratio and Beclin 1 expression after ischemia-reperfusion. The induction of autophagy by orientin was correlated with enhanced cardiac func-tion and decreased apoptosis. But wortmannin, a kind of autophagy inhibitor, significantly attenuated the ori-entin-induced autophagy and increased apoptosis. Con-clusion The cardioprotection of orientin against myo-cardial ischemia reperfusion injury may be mediated through the inhibition of apoptosis and induction of au-tophagy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638030

ABSTRACT

Background Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is an important inflammation-related factor in the initial stage of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR).The previous research showed that curcumin can inhibit IL-1 β-induced proliferation of rabbit retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells,but the anti-inflammatory mechanism and effect of curcumin are still undefined.Objective This study was to observe the migration of IL-1β-induced rabbit RPE cells,and evaluate the function and mechanism of inhibition of curcumin on IL-1β-induced inflammation of RPE cells.Methods Cultured rabbit RPE cells of generation 4 were used in this experiment.The cells were cultured in serum-free DMEM and 0,0.1,1.0 and 10.0 μg/L IL-1β were separately added in the medium for 24 hours.The expressions of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein and mRNA in the cells were detected by Western blot and reverse transcription PCR to determine the optimal concentration of IL-1β.The cells were divided into IL-1β group and curcumin+IL-1β group,and 1.0 μg/L IL-1 or 1.0 μμg/L IL-1 β combined with 10 μg/ml curcumin was respectively added into the medium for 24,48 and 72 hours.The cells cultured by only serum-free medium served as the control group.Hematoxylin and eosin staining was conducted for the cells to count the number of cells migrating into the injured area under the optical microscope.The relative expression levels of COX-2 protein and mRNA in the cells were detected by Western blot and reverse transcription PCR,and the relative expression levels of nuclear factor (NF)-κBp65 and inhibitor of NF-κB-α (IκB-α) protein were also detected by Western blot assay.The expression intensity and location of NF-κBp65,IκB-α and COX-2 in the cells were detected by immunochemistry.Results RPE cells just isolated from the rabbit eyes were in round shape and abundant in melanin.The melanin significantly decreased in the fourth generations of RPE cells.The shape of cells became long and narrow,and net shaped distribution.Immunochemistry demonstrated the strong positive response of RPE cells for keratin (AE1/AE3).There were (31.93 ±1.21),(36.27±2.50) and (38.33±2.40) migratory cells in the control group after 24,48 and 72 hours respectively.The number of migratory cells increased to 45.73 ± 2.30,71.13 ± 1.92 and 80.60 ± 1.71 in the IL-13 group,but obviously decreased to 13.13 ± 2.20,14.93 ± 1.10 and 12.60 ± 1.51 in the curcumin + IL-1β group.A Significant increase in the migrating cell number was found in the IL-1 β group compared with the control group and the curcumin+IL-1β group in various time points (all at P<0.05).The relative expression levels of COX-2 protein and mRNA peaked in the 1.0 μg/L IL-1β group,so 1.0 μg/L of IL-1β was determined as the optimal concentration in the experiment.In 24,48 and 72 hours after culture,the expression levels of COX-2 protein and mRNA in the cells were significantly lower in the curcumin + IL-1β group than those in the control group (all at P<0.05).The relative expression level reached peak in NF-κBp65 protein and lowed bottom in IκB-α proteins at 48 hours after cultured in the IL-1β group,and the reverse trend was seen in the curcumin+IL-1β group,with the significant differences between the two groups (both at P<0.05).Immunochemistry showed that NF-κBp65 was expressed strongly in the cell nuclei and cytoplasm in the IL-1 β group and presented the weaker expression in the control group and the curcumin+IL-1 β group.Compared with the control group,the expression was weaker in IκB-α and stronger in COX-2 in the IL-1β group.In addition,the expression of IκB-α was enhanced and that of COX-2 was attenuated in the curcumin+IL-1β group in comparison with the IL-1β group.Conclusions Curcumin inhibits the movement of rabbit RPE cells induced by IL-1β.IL-1β up-regulates the expression of COX-2 by activating NF-κB signal pathway,and curcumin plays an anti-inflammatory role by blocking this pathway.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637984

ABSTRACT

Background Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is a common cause of vision loss clinically,and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells play a major part in this disease.Studying the effect of traditional Chinese medicine on RPE cells are of great importance to reveal the pathogenesis and prevention of PVR,which were rarely reported.Objective This study was to study and compare the inhibition effect among curcumin,salvia miltiorrhiza and matrine on IL-1β-induced proliferation of rabbit RPE cells.Methods RPE cells at passages 3-4 were enrolled for the research and identified by transmission electron microscope.The proliferation effect of IL-1 β (2.5,5.0,10.0,20.0 μg/L) and inhibitory effect of curcumin (5,10,20 μg/ml),salvia miltiorrhiza (5,10,20 μg/ml)or matrine (100,200,400 μg/ml) on RPE cells 24,48 and 72 hours after cultivation were studied by MTT assay.The 50% inhibitory dose (IC50) of the three medicines were analyzed by regression analysis.The use and feeding of the experimental animals were followed by the ARVO Statement.Results RPE cells isolated from the rabbit eye were in round shape and abundant in melanin;The melanin significantly decreased in the fourth generations of RPE cells.Immunohistochemistry showed that the RPE cells was positive for keratin (AE1/AE3).The proliferation rates of RPE cells were statistically different among different concentrations of IL-1β 24,48 and 72 hours after cultivation (Ftime =30.33,P =0.00;Fconcentration =9.37,P =0.00);The proliferation rates of RPE were significantly different among different time points or different concentrations of IL-1β (all at P < 0.05).And the proliferation rate run up to maximum at 10 μg/L after 72 hours of cultivation.The inhibitory rates of the three medicines were statistically different among different time points or different concentrations (curcumin:Ftime =128.75,P =0.00;Fconcentration =334.05,P=0.00.salvia miltiorrhiza:Ftime =39.32,P=0.00;Fconcentration =165.57,P=0.00.matrine:Ftime =267.76,P =0.00;Fconcentration =912.34,P =0.00).The three medicines dose-dependently and time-dependently inhibit IL-1β-induced proliferation of RPE cells,with significant differences between the adjacent time points and concentrations (all at P<0.05).The IC50 were 26.77,19.01 and 9.45 μg/ml for curcumin;33.72,23.47 and 12.56 μg/ml for salvia miltiorrhiza,570.96,352.25 and 97.50μg/ml for matrine 24,48 and 72 hours after cultivation.Conclusions The proliferation of RPE cells can be stimulated by IL-1β,and the maximal proliferation occurred with a concentration of 10.0 μg/L IL-1β.Curcumin,salvia miltiorrhiza and matrine dose-dependently and time-dependently inhibit proliferation of RPE cells induced by IL-1β.Curcumin is the best medicine to inhibit the proliferation of RPE cells.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637964

ABSTRACT

Background Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a common pathological basis of many ocular fundus diseases.Some treating methods are proved to be effective on CNV but there exist their own shortages.Celecoxib can inhibit experimental neovescularization.Sustained release drug of celecoxib and application approach can offer a basis for the therapy of CNV.Objective This study was to evaluate the sustained release ability of celecoxib-poly lactide-co-glycolide microsphere (CEL-PLGA-MS) in vitro and its inhibitory ability on experimental CNV in vivo.Methods CEL-PLGA-MS was prepared by Hebei Medical University and examined under the scanning electron microscope.The size of CEL-PLGA-MS was measured by Laser Particle Size Analyzer.The drugloading in vitro releasing was monitored by high performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC).Experimental CNV was induced by laser photocoagulation of retina in the right eyes of 72 male brown Norway (BN) rats and then were randomized into the CEL-PLGA-MS group,celecoxib group,blank PLGA group and PBS group.CEL-PLGA-MS with 320 μmol/L celecoxib,80 μmol/L celecoxib,blank PLGA microspheres solution and 0.01 mol/L PBS was intravitreally injected separately according to the grouping.CNV was assessed by fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) on the 14th day after injection.The fibrovascular proliferation (FVP) thickness at photocoagulation spots was measured by OCT.The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choroid-sclera sections were prepared for the histopathologieal examination of FVP.On the 7th and 28th day after intravitreal injection,the relative expression levels of VEGF mRNA and COX-2 mRNA in the photocoagulation area were detected by reverse transcription PCR (RTPCR).The use and feeding of the experimental animals were followed by the ARVO statement.Results CELPLGA-MS showed the spherical shape with the mean size of 2 467.9 nm and the drug-loading of 7.77% and the drugrelease rate of 80.91% in vitro for 45 days.It presented the controllable release characteristics.CEL-PLGA-MS agglomerated in vitreous body after injection.On the 14th day after intravitreal injection,the mean FVP thicknesses were (94.67±4.64),(98.56±4.72),(71.00±4.77),(50.44±3.01) μm in the blank PLGA microspheres group,PBS group,celecoxib group and CEL-PLGA-MS group,respectively,showing significant increases in mean FVP thickness in the blank PLGA microspheres group and PBS group compared with the celecoxib group and CEL-PLGAMS group (all at P<0.01),and the CEL-PLGA-MS group appeared a lower mean FVP thickness value than the celecoxib group (P<0.01).FFA revealed a large number of strong hyperfluorescences at the photocoagulation area in the rat eyes of the blank PLGA microspheres group and PBS group;while only weak hyperfluorescences were seen in the eelecoxib group and CEL-PLGA-MS group.Histopathological examinations verified the same results in the FVP thickness to OCT image.The relative expression levels of COX-2 mRNA and VEGF mRNA in the RPE-choroid-sclera were all significantly elevated in the blank PLGA microspheres group compared with the celecoxib group and CELPLGA-MS group both on the 7th and 28th day after intravitreal injection (all at P<0.01).On the 7th day after injection,the relative expression levels of COX-2 mRNA were lower on the 7th day and the relative expression levels of COX-2 mRNA and VEGF mRNA were higher on the 28th day in the celecoxib group in comparison with the CEL-PLGA-MS group (all at P<0.01).Conclusions CEL-PLGA-MSs are even in size with the spherical shape and controllable release characteristics in vitro.CEL-PLGA-MS can inhibit experimental CNV and was more durable effective than celecoxib after intravitrea] injection.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1633-1636, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483805

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial quality control is the important mecha-nism that regulates the morphology,quantity and quality of mito-chondrial in cell to maintain cellular homeostasis and thus,cell survival and health.It has been revealed that members of Bcl-2 family are linked to mitochondrial function and integrity.Bcl-2 family proteins are the key regulators of mitochondrial quality control,participating in the signaling pathways regulating the crosstalk between mitophagy and apoptosis,as well as mitochon-drial fission and fusion.This paper mainly reviews their impact on mitochondrial quality and the major signaling pathways regula-ted by Bcl-2 family proteins.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 481-484, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480228

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the erythrocyte dielectric response variation of patients with KaschinBeck disease,to explore the pathogenesis of Kaschin-Beck disease and seek more effective means for evaluating the effectiveness of early diagnosis and control measures against Kaschin-Beck disease.Methods According to the principle of dielectrophoresis and cell dielectric response phenomena,dielectrophoretic pool was manufactured and dielectrophoretic detection and separation system was established.Patients with Kaschin-Beck disease (438) were selected in Kaschin-Beck disease areas of Aba County,Sichuan.At the same time,healthy persons (480) in KaschinBeck disease areas and non-Kaschin-Beck disease areas in Aba County were selected.Anticoagulant blood samples from patients with Kaschin-Beck disease and healthy persons were collected,erythrocytes were separated,cell suspension (10s cells/ml) was prepared and 200 μl cell suspension was added to the dielectrophoretic pool to measure erythrocyte dielectric response rate.Results Erythrocyte dielectric response rates were significantly different between patients living in Kaschin-Beck disease areas with Kaschin-Beck disease [(75.87 ± 5.89)%] and healthy persons living in Kaschin-Beck disease areas and non-Kaschin-Beck disease areas [(92.43 ± 4.45)%,(92.81 ±5.01)%,F =1.843,P < 0.01).Erythrocyte dielectric response rate was significantly reduced in patients with Kaschin-Beck disease compared with that of healthy persons (all P < 0.01);erythrocyte dielectric response rate of adult patients with Kaschin-Beck disease was lower [(69.57 ± 6.87)%] than that of pediatric patients with Kaschin-Beck disease [(82.17 ± 4.91)%,P < 0.01].Erythrocyte dielectric response rates were significantly different in patients with different degrees of Kaschin-Beck disease (F =1.647,P < 0.01).Erythrocyte dielectric response rate of patients with Kaschin-Beck disease was negatively correlated with prevalence of the disease (r =-0.87,P < 0.01).Conclusions Erythrocytes of patients with Kaschin-Beck disease have some degree of pathological damage.The more severe the disease,the more serious the damage of red blood cell.The change of erythrocyte dielectric response properties may be used as an index to judge the prevalence of Kaschin-Beck disease and for early diagnosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 410-413, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467507

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of dynamic contrast?enhanced MRI (DCE?MRI) in the differential diagnosis of glioblastoma and brain metastases. Methods Twenty patients with high grade gliomas and 20 cases patients with brain metastases proved by surgery and pathology were collected, and patients were examined with conventional MRI and DCE?MRI preoperatively. The ROIs were manually placed in solid parts of the tumors and their surrounding tissues to calculate Ktrans, Kep and Ve values. The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values differences for the solid part and surrounding tissues of the two brain tumors were compared by two independent sample t test. The correlation between Ktrans of the solid parts of the two brain tumors and Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of their surrounding tissues were studied by Pearson correlation analysis. Results The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of glioblastoma were(0.258 ± 0.063)min-1,(0.398 ± 0.082)min-1, 0.632±0.084, the Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of brain metastases were(0.233±0.053)min-1,(0.357±0.042)min-1, 0.672±0.113. There were no significant differences between the glioblastoma and brain metastases for Ktrans, Kep and Ve values(t=-1.354,-1.982, 1.276, all P>0.05). The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of surrounding tissues of glioblastoma were(0.093±0.032)min-1,(0.411±0.089)min-1, 0.107±0.021, the Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of surrounding tissues of brain metastases were(0.033±0.010)min-1,(0.204±0.045)min-1, 0.069±0.017. The Ktrans, Kep and Ve values of surrounding tissues between glioblastoma and brain metastases had significant difference (t=-7.978,-9.303,-6.203, all P0.05). Conclusion The DCE?MRI can quantitatively display the microvascular permeability and accurately evaluate the damage of blood?brain barrier of glioblastoma and brain metastases, which has an important value in studying biological characteristics and differential diagnosis of the two brain tumors.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815216

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association of 7 novel genetic loci identified in a recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with T2DM in Chinese Dong populations.@*METHODS@#A case-controlled study was performed in individuals of Chinese Dong nationality. The genotypes of PARD3B (rs849230), LOC729993 (rs149228), EPHA4 (rs16862811), HNT (rs3099797), PTPRD (rs17584499 and rs649891), TOMM7 (rs2240727) genes were determined by Multiplex PCR-SNaPshot. The independent association between each polymorphism and T2DM was assessed by unconditional binary logistic regression analysis. The gene-environment interaction was assessed by marginal structural linear odds model.@*RESULTS@#A total of 209 cases of T2DM and 209 control subjects were enrolled in the study. The polymorphism of rs2240727 in TOMM7 gene was associated with T2DM (OR=1.50, per copy of the risk T allele, P=0.004). In addition, CT (OR=2.07, 95% CI: 1.14-3.76) and TT (OR=2.75, 95% CI: 1.46-5.17) were risk genotypes for T2DM. After the correction for multiple test, the association remained significant (all P<0.05). After adjustment for the confounders of age, gender, and BMI, the association remained significant (P<0.05). The results of interaction analysis indicated that there were interaction between rs2240727 locus and BMI, WHR, hypertension and family history of diabetes. After adjustment for age and gender, the results of relative excess risk of interaction (RERI) were 1.5430 (95% CI: 0.5797-2.5062), 2.6520 (95% CI: 1.7516-3.5524), 2.9131 (95% CI: 1.7959-4.0303), 4.2062 (95% CI: 1.1686-8.2439), respectively (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The rs2240727 genetic variant in TOMM7 is associated with T2DM in Chinese Dong population. There is positive interaction between rs2240727 and BMI, WHR, hypertension as well as family history of diabetes.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Gene-Environment Interaction , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genotype , Humans , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
12.
Iranian Journal of Public Health. 2014; 43 (10): 1345-1355
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-167612

ABSTRACT

There are much heterogeneity in the genetic variation of type 2 diabetes [T2D].The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of seven novel genetic loci identified in a recent genome-wide association studies [GWAS] with T2D in Chinese Dong populations. A case-controlled study was performed in individuals of Chinese Dong nationality. The genotypes of PARD3B [rs849230], LOC729993 [rs149228], EPHA4 [rs16862811], HNT [rs3099797], PTPRD [rs17584499 and rs649891], TOMM7 [rs2240727] genes were determined using Multiplex PCR-SNaPshot. The independent association between each polymorphism and T2D was assessed using unconditional binary logistic regression analysis [BLR]. A total of 136 cases of T2D and 136 control subjects were enrolled in the study. The polymorphism of rs2240727 in TOMM7 gene was associated with T2D [odds ratio [OR] = 1.65, per copy of the risk T allele, P = 0.004]. In addition, CT and TT were risk genotypes for T2D [OR [95% CIs]:2.64 [1.28- 5.45] and 3.42 [1.58- 7.41] respectively]. After correcting for multiple testing, the above results remained significant [all P < 0.05]. After adjusting for the confounders of age, gender, and BMI, the association between T2D and rs2240727 remained significant [P < 0.01]. There were significantly statistical difference in levels of fasting plasm glucose[FPG] among genotypes of rs2240727 in controls and patients, the levels of FPG were significantly higher in CT and TT genotypes than in CC genotype in both groups[all P < 0.05]. The rs2240727 genetic variant in TOMM7 was associated with T2D of Chinese Dong individuals, and might enhance the risk of T2D by affecting the level of FPG


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetic Loci , Genome-Wide Association Study , Case-Control Studies , Membrane Proteins , Mitochondrial Proteins
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447380

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the condition and characteristics of hand-foot-mouth disease ( HFMD) from 2010 to 2012 in Renqiu city.Methods Surveillance and detecetion of HFMD was collected according to Renqiu city system for diseases control and prevention .The pathogen of HFMD severe case was deteceted .Results 12 293 cases including 735 severe cases were recorded in Renqiu city from 2010 to 2012,The highest of the resident population was in 2012 and the lowest one was in 2010(r=0.47,P<0.05).The total morbidity presented the obvious seasonal char-acteristic,which reached the summit in June ,July,August.The population morbidity was the clustered children .The average incidence rate of severe cases was 5.98%.The incidence rate in 2012 and 2011 was higher than that in 2010 (r=0.43,0.39,all P<0.05).There was significant difference of the pathogens types in severe cases among three years with the pathogen of CoxA 16 in 2010,2011 and humantero virus 71 viruses in 2012.Conclusion The inci-dence of HFMD presents the increasing and seasonal characteristics with the prevalence in the scattered children and the pathogens of CoxA16 in 2010,2011,humantero virus 71 in 2012.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 99-100, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444133

ABSTRACT

Objective To find out the situation of laboratory testing capacity of fluoride in drinking water in Guizhou Province.Method Assessment of fluoride detection capabilities in nine cities (states) and 31 countylevel laboratories of the province in 2010 was carried out,the test results of individual indicators were evaluated using a single Z-score method,and the determination was based on the fluoride ion selective electrode method of Drinking Water Saritary Standard Test Method (GB/T 5750.5-2006) or fluorine reagent spectrophotometry.Results The feedback rate of fluoride measurement results was 100%,the satisfactory rate of laboratory results was 82.5%,the suspicious rate of results was 7.5%(33/40),and the unsatisfied rate was 10.0%(3/40).Conclusion The fluoride detection capability of most laboratories that participated in the proficiency test has met the requirements,and 10 percent of the laboratory's capacity needs to be improved.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456481

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of intravenous immunoglobulin and interferon in the treatment of hand foot and mouth disease complicated with viral encephalitis .Methods 80 cases of hand foot and mouth disease complicated with viral encephalitis were randomly divided into the three groups according to the random number table .27 cases in the control group were given comprehensive symptomatic treatment ,27 cases in the study group 1 were given gamma globulin ,and 26 cases in the study group 2 were given interferon .The clinical efficacy,improvement of disease ,incidence of adverse reactions of the three groups were compared .Results Defer-vescence time ,seizure control time ,time of skin rash subsided ,time of psychiatric symptoms relieved and the average hospitalization time in the study 1 group were (3.65 ±0.28)d,(4.04 ±0.33)d,(3.86 ±0.27)d,(5.83 ±0.36)d and (7.53 ±0.83)d,which were significantly less than those in the control group (t=8.43,8.58,9.15,9.80,8.96, all P0.05).The incidence rate of adverse reaction among the three groups showed no sta-tistically significant difference (χ2 =2.17,P>0.05).Conclusion Intravenous immunoglobulin and interferon have significant effect in the treatment of hand foot mouth disease complicated with viral encephalitis , which can quickly improve symptoms ,shorten treatment time and have high safety and good clinical application value .

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814833

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association of the polymorphism of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) in Chinese Women.@*METHODS@#We systematically searched CNKI, Wanfang database, VIP and PubMed from database construction to March 2012 to collect case-control studies. Stata 11.0 was used for meta analysis after evaluating the quality of studies and collecting the data. The association was assessed by odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Publication bias was analyzed by Begg's funnel plot and Egger's regression test.@*RESULTS@#We identified 11 case-control studies on association between ACE gene polymorphism and PIH, which included 806 PIH patients and 900 controls. Overall, significant association was found between ACE gene polymorphism and PIH risk [for D vs I: OR=2.73, 95% CI (1.64, 4.24), P<0.001; for DD+DI vs II: OR=3.11, 95% CI (1.98, 4.90), P<0.001; for DD vs II: OR=5.00, 95% CI (2.30,10.88), P<0.001; for DI vs II: OR=1.97, 95% CI(1.53, 2.53), P<0.001].@*CONCLUSION@#Chinese women with D allele gene deletion have a higher risk of suffering pregnancy induced hypertension syndrome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alleles , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced , Genetics , INDEL Mutation , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Pregnancy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Risk Factors
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814825

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) of Dong nationality in Western Hunan, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of T2DM in the district.@*METHODS@#In the case-control study, the subjects were divided into a T2DM group, an impaired glucose regulation (IGR) group and a normal glucose tolerance (NGT) group through oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A questionnaire survey was conducted, and physical measurements and the detection of blood glucose, blood lipids and serum insulin were done.@*RESULTS@#Univariate analysis found significant difference in age, fasting insulin (FINS), HOMA insulin resistance index (HOMA-IRI), HOMA β-cell function index (HOMA-βC), trigalloyl glycerol (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure in the glucose metabolism among different groups (P70 were 1.85, 2.83 and 2.64 respectively, P<0.05. The risk of suffering from diabetes of the overweighted or obese people was 2.13 times that of a normal BMI group, P<0.01. The other influencing factors included WHR (OR=2.06), family history of diabetes (OR=11.36), and fat and protein-rich foods (OR=1.90).@*CONCLUSION@#The main influencing factors of T2DM of Dong nationality in Western Hunan include age, BMI, WHR, family history of diabetes, fat and protein-rich foods. We must strengthen the health eduation of T2DM of Dong nationality in Western Hunan to reduce the risk of T2DM.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , China , Epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Epidemiology , Ethnology , Ethnic Groups , Glucose Tolerance Test , Humans , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Insulin-Secreting Cells , Lipids , Obesity , Overweight , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748463

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical treatment effectiveness of Clarithromycin combined with nasal glucocorticoids for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).@*METHOD@#Clarithromycin was 0.25 g a day (the first two weeks was 0.25 g twice a day) and topical Triamcinolone Acetonide Acetate nasal spray was (220 microg/d) once a day. Fifty-six patients were enrolled in our research. Twenty-six patients of CRS without nasal polyps was treated for 12 to 28 weeks (average 16.62 weeks). Thirty patients of CRS with nasal polyps was treated for 12 to 33 weeks (average 20.03 weeks) after polypectomy. The patients' symptom were evaluated through Sino-Nasal Outcome Test 20 (SNOT-20) scale. Meanwhile sinus CT were evaluated by Lund-Mackey system before and after operation.@*RESULT@#The score of CT scan was significantly decreased to 2.83 +/- 1.86 (t = 11.41, P < 0.01) in the CRS with nasal polyps group and to 2.43 +/- 1.91 (t = 12.86, P < 0.01) in the CRS without nasal polyps group after treatment. Recovery rate of CRS with nasal polyps group was 43.3% and of CRS without nasal polyps group was 50.0% with CT images. The self assessments of treatment efficiency was coincident with CT image in the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment with Long term use of low dosage oral macrolide Clarithromycin combined with nasal steroid on CRS was efficacy. Polypectomy ,large dose antibiotic and steroid used in intraoperative period could significant improve the treatment efficiency of CRS with nasal polyps.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Chronic Disease , Clarithromycin , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps , Drug Therapy , Rhinitis , Drug Therapy , Sinusitis , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Triamcinolone Acetonide , Therapeutic Uses , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416144

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the relationship among junior college students' anxious status in testing and studying behaviors and studying result. Methods TAS anxiety scale was used for the evaluation of anxious status, and data were analyzed by SPSS software. Results Statistical significance was observed among different specialties. Sex, socioeconomic status and living environment did not affect TAS score. The higher the anxious status was, the worse the studying results will be. The anxious status was associated with some studying behaviors. Conclusions Anxiety was correlated with specialities and studying behaviors, and affected studying result.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 245-249, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414036

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the anatomic morphology of the connective structures among brain ventricles and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) movement in them by CSF spin-labeling MR imaging. Methods According to the order of registration, 50 healthy volunteers were randomly selected and received cerebrospinal fluid spin-labeling MR scan with time-spatial labeling inversion recovery single-shot fast spin echo sequence (SLIR-SSFSE). The tagged CSF was used as an endogenous tracer. The anatomic morphology of the connective structures of brain ventricles and the flow direction of CSF were observed. The longitudinal diameter and transverse diameter of bilateral foramina of monro, midbrain aqueduct, and the central and bilateral lateral apertures of the fourth ventricle of each subject were measured and calculated based on multiple measurements. The flow rate of CSF was calculated based on the flow distance of CSF in the connective structures between brain ventricles during different TI time. The mean value of each indicator was acquired. Results Two-way flow state of CSF was observed in all connective structures, including bilateral foramina of monro, midbrain aqueduct, and the central and bilateral lateral apertures of the fourth ventricle. On the coronal planes, foramen of monro appears as a "Y"-type tubular structure locating among the both sides of the anteriomedial thalamus and fornix, which connect upward with bilateral lateral ventricles and downward with the third ventricle. The longitudinal diameter and transverse diameter of the left side of foramen of monro were 3.50-5.50 mm[mean (4.37 ±0.47)mm]and 1.00-1.40 mm[mean(1.21 ±0. 13) mm], respectively. The longitudinal diameter and transverse diameter of the right side of foramen of monro were 4. 20-4. 80 mm[mean(4.42 ± 0.20) mm]and 1.00-1.60 mm[mean (1.21 ±0. 19) mm], respectively. On the sagittal planes, foramen of monro appeared as an oblique fine tubular structure with the angle of 55°-58° between the both sides. CSF flow velocity towards the foot was 1.61-2. 52 mm/s[mean (2. 00 ± 0. 17) mm/s]in the left side of foramen of monro and 1.93-2. 20 mm/s [mean (2.03 ±0.09) mm/s]in the right side of foramen of monro. On the sagittal planes, midbrain aqueduct appeared as a curved tubular structure through diencephalon, with the longitudinal diameter of 9.90-17.30 mm[mean(15.51 ± 1.70) mm]and the transverse diameter of 1.70-2.30 mm[mean (1.92 ± 0. 17)mm]. In midbrain aqueduct, CSF flow velocity towards the foot was about 5.00-8.74 mm/s[mean (7.84 ±0.86) mm/s]and towards the head was about 3.84-6.71 mm/s[mean (6. 01 ±0. 66) mm/s]. On the sagittal plane, the central apertures of the fourth ventricle appeared as a fork-like tubular structure, with a small bifurcation forward to the central canal of the medulla oblongata and a posterior branch downward to cerebellomedullary cistern. On the coronal plane, lateral apertures of the fourth ventricle appeaed as curved tubular structures connecting the lateral horn of the fourth ventricle and cerebellomedullary cistern. The longitudinal diameter and transverse diameter of the left lateral aperture were 6.30-14. 60 mm[mean (10.42 ±2.88) mm]and 1.00-1.50 mm[mean (1.24 ±0.18) mm],respectively; of the right lateral aperture, they were 6. 20-15.50 mm[mean (12. 13 ± 3.05) mm]and 1.00-1.40 mm[mean(1.19 ±0. 13) mm], respectively. The angle range between the left and right lateral aperture was from 87° to 114°. CSF flow velocity towards the foot was about 2. 89-6. 70 mm/s[mean (4. 78 ± 1.32) mm/s]in the left lateral aperture and 2. 84-7.11 mm/s[mean (5.56 ±1.40) mm/s]in the right lateral aperture. Conclusions CSF spin-labeling MR imaging could display the anatomic morphology of the connective structure among brain ventricles and could be used for noninvasively assessing CSF movement.

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