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China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 90-93, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621335


Objective To investigate the feasibility and efifcacy of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms (GI-NENs).Methods 52 patients with conifrmed histological diagnosis of GI-NENs performed ESD from January 2011 to December 2015 were included. The endoscopic morphology of tumor was summarized. Complete resection rate, complications, clinicopathological characteristics, and follow-up results were evaluated.Results There were 16 cases of stomach, 9 cases of colon and rectum 27 cases. Most of the lesions were submucosal uplift. A few of lesions looked like polyps. All the lesions were one-time whole diseased. 44 lesions were NET-G1, 8 lesions were NET-G2. Complete resection rate was 94.23%. 2 cases of rectal lesions infringemented intrinsic muscle layer, and got additional surgery. 1 case of rectal perforation, which was managed by endoscopic treatment and conservative treatment. All cases did not appear haemorrhage. During a mean follow-up period of 22.6 months, local recurrences occurred in 1 case of stomach, and treated with second line ESD. No cases lymph node and distant metastasis were found.Conclusion ESD appears to be a feasible, safe and effective treatment for GI-NENs with strict endoscopic treatment indications.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498268


BACKGROUND:Shengjiyuhong ointment has been reported to inhibit hypertrophic scarring. OBJECTIVE:To verify the effects of Shengjiyuhong ointment on hypertrophic scarring of in a rabbit ear model. METHODS:Each ear of thirty-six Japanese rabbits was used to make four 1-cm-diameter circular ful-thickness skin wounds with the entire perichondrium removed. Final y, 288 wounds were made and randomly divided into 6 groups:model, negative control (no drugs were administered), low-, moderate-, high-crude herbal dose drugs (Shengjiyuhong ointment was administered topical y at concentrations of 8.39%, 25.18%, and 75.54%), and positive control (recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor was administered topical y). Shengjiyuhong ointment was administered twice daily til wound healing. The wounds were evaluated by the Vancouver scar scale (VSS). Scar elevation index (SEI) of scar specimens was calculated under a microscope at 40× magnification. mRNA expression levels of type I and III col agen, connective tissue growth factor, fibronectin, andα-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were determined by fluorescent quantitative PCR. Protein expression levels of type I and III col agen andα-SMA were detected by western blot assay.α-SMA immunoreactivity was determined by immunofluorescent staining. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:VSS scores and SEI were significantly increased in each group at 30 days (P<0.05). VSS scores and SEI were significantly decreased in the moderate-and high-crude herbal dose drug groups and positive control groups compared with the model, negative control, and low-crude herbal dose drug groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). mRNA expression levels of type I and III col agen, connective tissue growth factor and fibronectin, and protein expression levels of type I and III col agen andα-SMA were significantly inhibited after moderate-crude herbal dose Shengjiyuhong ointment and positive drug treatment (P<0.01). These findings suggest that Shengjiyuhong ointment can reduce hypertrophic scars by inhibiting fibroblast proliferation and col agen deposition.