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1.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1397-1401, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694340

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expression of protein AQP5 and CC16 in lung after hemorrhagic shock resuscitation in rats in order to explore the mechanism of acute lung injury.Methods Thirty-two healthy and clean male SD rats were randomly (random number) divided into two groups:control group and hemorrhagic shock resuscitation group (n =16 in each).Besides,each group was further divided into two subgroups according to the experiment done at 12 h and 24 h after hemorrhagic shock resuscitation (n =8).The hemorrhagic shock model was made by using Wiggers' modified method.Resuscitation was done by transfusing the autologous blood and the equal volume of Ringer's solution.Blood samples were obtained from abdominal aorta at each given interval to measure the level of plasma endotoxin,and assay the CC16 and AQP5 by using ELISA.After the rats were sacrificed,the left lung tissue was taken to measure lung water content and the dry/wet ratio,and to examine the levels of CC16 and AQP5 in lung tissue by immunohistochemical method.Results ①The level of plasma endotoxin in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.01).②The content of plasma CC16 in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05).③Compared with the control group,the content of pulmonary homogenate AQP5 in the experimental group was significantly lower (P <0.05).④The lung water content (the dry/wet ratio) of the experimental group was obviously higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05).⑤Hislogogical observation with HE staining showed in the control group,the alveolar structure was complete,the alveolar sacs were clear,and the alveolar septum was intact;but in the experimental group,the alveolar septum was widened,and there were obvious hemorrhage and neutrophil infiltration in the alveolar space.⑥ The level of lung tissue CC16 in control group was significantly higher compared with experimental group (P < 0.05).⑦ The level of lung tissue AQP5 was significantly higher in control group compared with experimental group (P < 0.05).Conclusions The proteins of AQP5 and CC16 were involved in the process of acute lung injury after hemorrhagic shock resuscitation in rats,and their levels were positively correlated with length of time after hemorrhagic shock.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1230-1235, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439209

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of hemorrhagic shock on intestinal epithelial tight junction and expression of protein Occludin.Methods Twenty-four SD rats were allocated to sham operation group,hemorrhagic shock 0.5-hour,2-hour,and 4-hour groups according to random number table,with 6 rats per group.A model of hemorrhagic shock in the rat was induced by the improved Wiggers method.Blood samples were drawn from abdominal aorta.Activity of plasma diamine oxidase (DAO) was determined by active colonmetric method; content of plasma D-lactic acid (D-LA) by spectrophotometer method; plasma endotoxin levels by turbidimetry; bacterial translocation by bacterial culture of mesenteric lymph nodes and liver tissues; pathological changes of intestinal mucosa by light microscope; ultrastructure of intestinal epithelial cells by electron microscopy; Occludin mRNA expression in small intestinal mucosa by RT-PCR; Occludin expression by Western blot and imnmnohistochemical method.Results Levels of DAO [(72.68-± 10.24) mg/ml],D-LA [(9.28 ± 0.53) μg/ml] and endotoxin [(41.25 ±3.68) pg/L] in hemorrhagic shock 0.5-hour group increased markedly as compared with those in sham operation group (P <0.05).Bacteria were cultivated from the liver tissues and mesenteric lymph nodes in hemorrhagic shock 2-hour group and much more colonies of bacteria were observed in hemorrhagic shock 4-hour group (P < 0.01).Morphology and ultrastructure of the small intestinal epithelium manifested immediate damage in hemorrhagic shock 0.5-hour group and much worse detriment was obsevved with a prolonged bleeding time.Occludin mRNA expression in small intestinal mucosa decreased in hemorrhagic shock 0.5-hour group,followed by a further reduction in hemorrhagic shock 2-hour group (P <0.05).Localized expression of Occludin in hemorrhagic shock O.5-hour group was weakly positive.Occludin content in hemorrhagic shock 2-hour group showed significant reduction when compared with that in hemorrhagic shock O.5-hour group (P < 0.01) and its localized express was negative as well.Conclusion Occludin expression in intestinal epithelial cells decreases obviously with a prolonged bleeding time,which is presumed to be an important basis for disruption of cellular tight junction.

3.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 7-9, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426813

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of continuous intravenous pumping of octreotide in the treatment of intestinal endotoxemia.Methods Eighty patients with intestinal obstruction and non-surgical treatment were divided into group Ⅰ with 34 cases who received conventional-treatment and group Ⅱ with 46 cases who received conventional-treatment combined with octreotide 24 h continuous intravenous pumping.White blood cell count ( WBC ),diamine oxidase (DAO),D-lactic acid (D-LA) and endotoxin were detected before treatment and at 24 h,48 h,4 d after treatment.Results The content of WBC,DAO,D-LA and endotoxin in two groups all reached peak at 48 h after treatment.The difference of the content of WBC,DAO,D-LA and endotoxin between two groups had no statistical significance at 24 h after treatment (P > 0.05).The content of WBC,DAO,D-LA and endotoxin of group Ⅱ at 48 h and 4 d after treatment were lower than those of group Ⅰ.And the difference at 48 h after treatment had statistical significance[(18.40 ±0.10)× 109/L vs.(20.60 ± 2.36) × 109/L,(6.12 ± 1.02) kU/L vs.(8.02 ± 1.54) kU/L,(2.14 ±0.21) mg/L vs.(3.34 ± 0.04) mg/L,(1.65 ±0.16) kEU/L w.(2.23 ±0.36) kEU/L] (P < 0.01).While the difference at 4 d after treatment had no statistical significance(P> 0.05 ).Body temperature at 48 h after treatment,gastrointestinal decompression capacity,anus exhaust time of group Ⅱ were (37.60 + 3.01 )℃,(320.00 ± 76.14) ml/d,(54.00 ± 0.94) h respectively,and they all were superior to those of group Ⅰ[(38.50 ± 2.21 ) ℃,(500.00 ± 80.32) ml/d,(68.00 ± 1.02) h] (P <0.01).Conclusions Continuous intravenous pumping of octreotide can effectively protect the intestinal mucosal barrier function,improve intestinal permeability,reduce the trmslocation of intestinal flora,inhibit the incidence and development of enterogenous endotoxemia.And it provides new evidence to support the clinioal application of octreotide in patients with intestinal endotoxemia.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 113-116, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414401

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of Dahuangfuzi decoction on the intestine barrier functional of acute necrotizing pancreatitis in rats. Methods The 60 rats were randomly divided into sham operation group ( n = 19 ), ANP group ( n = 21 ), and Dahuangfuzi treatment group ( n = 20). The rats of ANP group were induced by injecting 1 ml/kg of 4% sodium taurocholate into the pancreatiobiliary duct, and jejunal fistula was esablished. The rats of treatment group received Dahuangfuzi decoction (2 ml, repeated at 4 and 8 h)through jejunum distal stoma tube 0. 5 h after ANP induction. The other 2 groups received same amount of normal saline. Blood sample was collected through abdominal aorta, 24 h after ANP induction, and the serum amylase, endotoxin, D-lactate, plasma diamine oxidase (DAO) were detected. Pancreas, small intestine tissue was harvested for pathologic examination, index of intestinal epithelial damage was measured and ultrastructural changes in small intestinal mucosa was observed. Results The expression of serum amylase, endotoxin,D-lactate, DAO in sham operation group was ( 152 ± 32 ) U/L, (6.95 ± 2.10) pg/L, ( 3.96 ± 1.08 ) μg/mland ( 14.26 ± 2.67 ) μg/ml, while the corresponding values were ( 1549 ± 93 ) U/L, (40.48 ± 3.41 ) pg/L,( 12.34 ± 1.23 ) μg/ml and ( 80.28 ± 3.54) μg/ml in ANP group, and they were (655 ± 49 ) U/L, ( 19.55 ±2.50) pg/L, (6.75 ± 1.36 ) μg/mland ( 20.69 ± 7.53 ) μg/ml in treatment group. The values in ANP group were significantly higher than those in sham operation group. The values in treatment group were significantly lower than those in ANP group, but significantly higher than those in sham operation group ( P < 0.05 or P <0. 01 ). The thickness and height of intestinal mucosa in ANP group were ( 389.44 ± 29.87 )μm and ( 16.52 ±3.73) μm, which were significantly lower than those in treatment group [(501.95 ± 45.38 )μm, (27.82 ±5.17)] μm, and in sham operation group [( 658.72 ± 57.49 ) μm, ( 35.49 ± 6.43 )μm, Index of intestional epitholial donage in ANP group was 3.72 ± 0.65 which is significently higher than those in theatment (2.12 ±0.37 ) and in sham operation group (0.85 ± 0.24). The intestinal mucosa histological and ultrastructural changes in Dahuangfuzi treatment group were better than those in ANP group. Conclusions Dahuangfuzidecoction can significantly decrease the damage of intestine barrier function in ANP rats.

5.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 31-33, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416011

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the results of melatonin combined with alprostadil in the treatment of patients with acute pancreatitis.Methods Seventy patients with acute pancreatitis were included in the study,14 patients died after conventional treatment were set to group Ⅰ ,28 patients cured after conventional treatment were set to group Ⅱ and 28 cases cured after melatonin combined with alprostadil and conventional treatment were set to group Ⅲ.White blood cell count,blood gas analysis,serum amylase,endotoxin and malondialdehyde (MDA) content was detected at 6 h,48 h and 4 d.Results White blood cell count,serum amylase,endotoxin,MDA content at 6 h,48 h and 4 d in group Ⅰ were higher than those in group Ⅱ ,Ⅲ (P<0.05).Endotoxin levels reached a maximum in the 4 d [(273.5 ± 20.4) pg/L],and MDA content reached a maximum in the 4 d [(5.12 ± 0.87) μmol/L].White blood cell count,partial pressure of carbon dioxide in artery (PaCO2),serum amylase,endotoxin and MDA content at 48 h,4 d in group Ⅲ were lower than those in group Ⅰ,Ⅱ (P <0.05).Conclusions Melatonin combined with alprostadil not only shows antioxidant,anti-inflammatory,anti-apoptotic effect but also improves the pancreas,lung,small intestine microcirculation,protects the cell membrane and the lysosomal membrane,and prevents effectively the pancreatic digestive enzymes release; also it inhibits intestinal bacterial translocation,reduces the generation of gut-derived endotoxin and pro-inflammatory cytokine release.It can reduce effectively the systemic inflammatory response in acute pancreatitis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 151-155, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384305

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effect of Dahuang Fuzi decoction on alveolaur epithelial barrier in rats with lung injury with severe acute pancreatitis. Method Ninty-six health SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham operation group, SAP-ALI group, Dahuang Fuzi decoction group, and then according to the time point of sacrifice after operation, each group was subdivided into 3,6,12,24 hour subsets ( each, n = 8). After the belly of a rat in the sham operation group was cut open, the pancreas was flipped several times,and then a stoma was made in the jejunum to form its fistula. In the SAP-ALl group,1 mL/kg sodium taurocholate was reversely injected into the pancreatobile duct to establish the model of SAP, and then the jejimum fistula was performed. The SAP-ALI model in Dahuang Fuzi decoction group was treated by injection of 10ml of Dahuang Fuzi decoctionon into the fistula respectively. Blood was collected from heart to detect serum amvlase and endotoxin (ET) levels before the rat being executed. The lung histopathologic changes, pulmonary injury scores and wet/dry weight(W/D) ratios were observed after the rats were executed. The alveolar liquid clearance rate(ALCR), total lung water content (TLW), extravascular lung water content(EVLW) and alveolar epithelial permeability (AEP) were examined in 3,6, 12,24 h after injury.Results There was continuous increase of AEP,TLW and EVLW,as well as progressive reduction of ALCR compared with sham operation group at 3,6,12,24 h after operation. Compared with SAP-ALI group, there was continuous decrease of AEP,TLW and EVLW, and elevated of ALCR at 3,6,12,24 h after operation.Conclusions Dahuang Fuzi decoction can significantly reduce alveolaur epithelial barrier and degree of lung tissue of SAP-ALI rats by inhibiting the elevation of LPS and inflammation reaction.

7.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 14-17, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390507

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of ecoimmunonutrition enteral nutrition on systemic inflammatory response and prognosis in patients with acute severe acute pancreatitis. Methods Fifty-seven patients with severe acute pancreatitis were randomly divided into two groups: parenteral nutrition (PN) group(28 cases), and ecoimmunonutrition(EIN) group (29 cases), each of the two nutrition formulas was given to each group respectively for 7 days. The level of plasma endotoxin and serum concentrations of TNF-α ,IL-1β ,IL-6 and IL-10 and monocyte NF-κB were tested at admission,1 d,3 d,5 d,7 d after nutrition support. Statistics the two groups results of clinical prognosis. Results The levels of endotoxin, TNF-α ,IL-1β ,IL-6 and IL-10 , NF-κB activities in EIN group were no significant difference compared with PN group at admission. After nutrition support 7 d, the levels of endotoxin, TNF-α ,IL-1β ,IL-6 and IL-10 , NF-κB activities in EIN group were (2.70 ± 0.13) ng/L, (30.13 ± 8.12) ng/L, (20.17 ± 8.04) ng/L, (36.43 ± 8.24)ng/L, (86.45 ± 14.54) ng/L, (70.4 ± 3.2)% respectively, which all were significantly lower than those in PN group [(3.25 ±0.32) ng/L, (313.42 ± 144.35) ng/L,( 155.29 ±32.78) ng/L, (324.15 ± 31.47) ng/L, (472.72 ±48.55) ng/L, (88.4±53)% ](P<0.05 or <0.01). Conclusion EIN can attenuate endotoxemia.decrease NF-κB activities and concentrations of cytokines, maintain the balance of pro-and anti-inflammation, improve patients' condition and prognosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 470-475, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389544

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effects of intra-peritoneal fluid resuscitation on small intestinal mucosa in rats with hemorrhagic shock. Method Fifty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly (random number) divided into five groups, namely sham operation group (group I ), hemorrhagic shock group (group Ⅱ ), intra-venous fluid resuscitation group (group Ⅲ ) . intravenous fluid resuscitation plus intra-peritoneal saline resuscitation (group Ⅳ ) and intravenous fluid resuscitation plus intra-peritoneal PD-2 solution resuscitation group (group Ⅴ ). The rats of 5 groups were processed with cannulations of right common carotid artery, right femoral vein and left femoral artery with systemic heparinization. The rat models of hemorrhagic shock were established with modified Wigger' s method by which the blood exsanguinated from left femoral artery. The rats of group Ⅲ were resuscitated with shed blood plus twice equal volume of Ringer's solution after modeling of hemorrhagic shock.The rats of group Ⅳ and group Ⅴ were administered intra-peritoneally with 30 mL saline and 30 mL of 2.5% PD-2 solution, respectively as adjuncts to those used in the group Ⅲ . The specimens of blood and small intestine of rats of all groups were collected 60-120 minutes after modeling and resuscitation. The activity of plasma diamine oxidase (DAO) was determined with chromatometry, the level of plasma D-lactic acid (D-LA) with spectorophotometry and the level of plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with nephelometry. The histopathological and ultrastructure changes of small intestine tissue of rats were observed under light microscope and electronic microscope. Results There were remarkable differences in activity of DAO, and the levels of D-LA and IPS in rats between those ingroup Ⅱ and group I (P <0.01), and between those in group V and groups Ⅱ , Ⅲ or Ⅳ (P <0.05 or P < 0.01) The pathomorphology and ultra-structure of small intestine tissues were severely damaged in group Ⅱ compared with those in group Ⅰ , and those markedly lessened in group V compared with groups Ⅱ , Ⅲ and Ⅳ . Conclusions Intraperitoneal fluid resuscitation with PD-2 solution can significantly protect the integrity of intestinal mucosa and the normal permeability of intestinal wall, and blunts the histopathological changes, and restrains bacterial translocation from gut and reduces the level of plasma endotoxin.

9.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 30-32, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388525

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of enteral nutrition support on prognosis in patients with severe acute stroke.Methods Ninety-eight cases of severe acute stroke were divided into nutrition supported group(50 cases) and control group(48 cases) randomly.All patients were treated by conventional therapy.Nutrition supported group received high energy nutrition diet and control group received common liquid diet by nasal feeding.The levels of hemoglobin,serum albumin,neurologic impairment score (NIHSS)and the incidence rates of complications were assessed at the 1st,10 th and 21st day after admission.Results Hemoglobin was (122.5 ± 2.4),(106.4 ± 2.8) g/L and serum albumin was (36.5 ± 4.7),(34.2 ± 5.1) g/L at the 21st day after admission in nutrition supported group and control group,and there was significant difference between two groups (P < 0.05).The complication rate in control group was higher than that in nutrition supported group (P< 0.05).NIHSS score was(8.45 ± 3.02) scores in nutrition supported group and (10.24 ± 2.57)scores in control group at the 21st day after admission,and there was significant difference between two groups (P <0.05).Conclusion Early enteral nutrition support can significantly improve nutritional status and decrease the incidence rates of complications in patients with severe acute stroke,and it is helpful for clinical prognosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 23-25, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393890

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical features and early management of combined thoracoabdominal injury (CTI).Methods A retrospective study was carried out in 29 cases with CTI treated surgically.There were 21 cases with penetrating injuries and 8 cases with blunt injuries.All cases were associated with penumothorax and/or hernothorax at various degrees and 13 cases complicated with shock.In this study thoracotomy was performed in 17 cases,laparotomy in 6 cases,thoracotomy plus laparotomy in 5 cases and combined thoraco-laparotomy in 1 case.Results The injury severity score in this series was (40.16±15.23) scores.Four cases were died from hemorrhagic shock (2 cases),pericardial tampenade(1 case) and multiple organ failure(1 case).Conclusions CTI has high mortality rate,and the most frequent cause of death is hypovolemic shock.The operative approach is based on individual injury condition.Early diagnosis and timely surgical intervention are key to improving the cure rate and reducing mortality in severe CTI.

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